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1040ez Calculator

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1040ez Calculator

1040ez calculator Publication 537 - Main Content Table of Contents What Is an Installment Sale?Special rule. 1040ez calculator General RulesFiguring Installment Sale Income Reporting Installment Sale Income Other RulesElecting Out of the Installment Method Payments Received or Considered Received Escrow Account Depreciation Recapture Income Sale to a Related Person Like-Kind Exchange Contingent Payment Sale Single Sale of Several Assets Sale of a Business Unstated Interest and Original Issue Discount (OID) Disposition of an Installment Obligation Repossession Interest on Deferred Tax Reporting an Installment SaleRelated person. 1040ez calculator Several assets. 1040ez calculator Special situations. 1040ez calculator Schedule D (Form 1040). 1040ez calculator Form 4797. 1040ez calculator How To Get Tax Help What Is an Installment Sale? An installment sale is a sale of property where you receive at least one payment after the tax year of the sale. 1040ez calculator The rules for installment sales do not apply if you elect not to use the installment method (see Electing Out of the Installment Method under Other Rules, later) or the transaction is one for which the installment method may not apply. 1040ez calculator The installment sales method cannot be used for the following. 1040ez calculator Sale of inventory. 1040ez calculator   The regular sale of inventory of personal property does not qualify as an installment sale even if you receive a payment after the year of sale. 1040ez calculator See Sale of a Business under Other Rules, later. 1040ez calculator Dealer sales. 1040ez calculator   Sales of personal property by a person who regularly sells or otherwise disposes of the same type of personal property on the installment plan are not installment sales. 1040ez calculator This rule also applies to real property held for sale to customers in the ordinary course of a trade or business. 1040ez calculator However, the rule does not apply to an installment sale of property used or produced in farming. 1040ez calculator Special rule. 1040ez calculator   Dealers of time-shares and residential lots can treat certain sales as installment sales and report them under the installment method if they elect to pay a special interest charge. 1040ez calculator For more information, see section 453(l). 1040ez calculator Stock or securities. 1040ez calculator   You cannot use the installment method to report gain from the sale of stock or securities traded on an established securities market. 1040ez calculator You must report the entire gain on the sale in the year in which the trade date falls. 1040ez calculator Installment obligation. 1040ez calculator   The buyer's obligation to make future payments to you can be in the form of a deed of trust, note, land contract, mortgage, or other evidence of the buyer's debt to you. 1040ez calculator General Rules If a sale qualifies as an installment sale, the gain must be reported under the installment method unless you elect out of using the installment method. 1040ez calculator See Electing Out of the Installment Method under Other Rules, later, for information on recognizing the entire gain in the year of sale. 1040ez calculator Sale at a loss. 1040ez calculator   If your sale results in a loss, you cannot use the installment method. 1040ez calculator If the loss is on an installment sale of business or investment property, you can deduct it only in the tax year of sale. 1040ez calculator Unstated interest. 1040ez calculator   If your sale calls for payments in a later year and the sales contract provides for little or no interest, you may have to figure unstated interest, even if you have a loss. 1040ez calculator See Unstated Interest and Original Issue Discount (OID) under Other Rules, later. 1040ez calculator Figuring Installment Sale Income You can use the following discussions or Form 6252 to help you determine gross profit, contract price, gross profit percentage, and installment sale income. 1040ez calculator Each payment on an installment sale usually consists of the following three parts. 1040ez calculator Interest income. 1040ez calculator Return of your adjusted basis in the property. 1040ez calculator Gain on the sale. 1040ez calculator In each year you receive a payment, you must include in income both the interest part and the part that is your gain on the sale. 1040ez calculator You do not include in income the part that is the return of your basis in the property. 1040ez calculator Basis is the amount of your investment in the property for installment sale purposes. 1040ez calculator Interest Income You must report interest as ordinary income. 1040ez calculator Interest is generally not included in a down payment. 1040ez calculator However, you may have to treat part of each later payment as interest, even if it is not called interest in your agreement with the buyer. 1040ez calculator Interest provided in the agreement is called stated interest. 1040ez calculator If the agreement does not provide for enough stated interest, there may be unstated interest or original issue discount. 1040ez calculator See Unstated Interest and Original Issue Discount (OID) under Other Rules, later. 1040ez calculator Adjusted Basis and Installment Sale Income (Gain on Sale) After you have determined how much of each payment to treat as interest, you treat the rest of each payment as if it were made up of two parts. 1040ez calculator A tax-free return of your adjusted basis in the property, and Your gain (referred to as installment sale income on Form 6252). 1040ez calculator Figuring adjusted basis for installment sale purposes. 1040ez calculator   You can use Worksheet A to figure your adjusted basis in the property for installment sale purposes. 1040ez calculator When you have completed the worksheet, you will also have determined the gross profit percentage necessary to figure your installment sale income (gain) for this year. 1040ez calculator Worksheet A. 1040ez calculator Figuring Adjusted Basis and Gross Profit Percentage 1. 1040ez calculator Enter the selling price for the property   2. 1040ez calculator Enter your adjusted basis for the property     3. 1040ez calculator Enter your selling expenses     4. 1040ez calculator Enter any depreciation recapture     5. 1040ez calculator Add lines 2, 3, and 4. 1040ez calculator  This is your adjusted basis for installment sale purposes   6. 1040ez calculator Subtract line 5 from line 1. 1040ez calculator If zero or less, enter -0-. 1040ez calculator  This is your gross profit     If the amount entered on line 6 is zero, stop here. 1040ez calculator You cannot use the installment method. 1040ez calculator   7. 1040ez calculator Enter the contract price for the property   8. 1040ez calculator Divide line 6 by line 7. 1040ez calculator This is your gross profit percentage   Selling price. 1040ez calculator   The selling price is the total cost of the property to the buyer and includes any of the following. 1040ez calculator Any money you are to receive. 1040ez calculator The fair market value (FMV) of any property you are to receive (FMV is discussed in Property Used As a Payment under Other Rules, later). 1040ez calculator Any existing mortgage or other debt the buyer pays, assumes, or takes (a note, mortgage, or any other liability, such as a lien, accrued interest, or taxes you owe on the property). 1040ez calculator Any of your selling expenses the buyer pays. 1040ez calculator   Do not include stated interest, unstated interest, any amount recomputed or recharacterized as interest, or original issue discount. 1040ez calculator Adjusted basis for installment sale purposes. 1040ez calculator   Your adjusted basis is the total of the following three items. 1040ez calculator Adjusted basis. 1040ez calculator Selling expenses. 1040ez calculator Depreciation recapture. 1040ez calculator Adjusted basis. 1040ez calculator   Basis is your investment in the property for installment sale purposes. 1040ez calculator The way you figure basis depends on how you acquire the property. 1040ez calculator The basis of property you buy is generally its cost. 1040ez calculator The basis of property you inherit, receive as a gift, build yourself, or receive in a tax-free exchange is figured differently. 1040ez calculator   While you own property, various events may change your original basis. 1040ez calculator Some events, such as adding rooms or making permanent improvements, increase basis. 1040ez calculator Others, such as deductible casualty losses or depreciation previously allowed or allowable, decrease basis. 1040ez calculator The result is adjusted basis. 1040ez calculator   For more information on how to figure basis and adjusted basis, see Publication 551. 1040ez calculator For more information regarding your basis in property you inherited from someone who died in 2010 and whose executor filed Form 8939, Allocation of Increase In Basis for Property Acquired From a Decedent, see Publication 4895. 1040ez calculator Selling expenses. 1040ez calculator   Selling expenses relate to the sale of the property. 1040ez calculator They include commissions, attorney fees, and any other expenses paid on the sale. 1040ez calculator Selling expenses are added to the basis of the sold property. 1040ez calculator Depreciation recapture. 1040ez calculator   If the property you sold was depreciable property, you may need to recapture part of the gain on the sale as ordinary income. 1040ez calculator See Depreciation Recapture Income under Other Rules, later. 1040ez calculator Gross profit. 1040ez calculator   Gross profit is the total gain you report on the installment method. 1040ez calculator   To figure your gross profit, subtract your adjusted basis for installment sale purposes from the selling price. 1040ez calculator If the property you sold was your home, subtract from the gross profit any gain you can exclude. 1040ez calculator See Sale of Your Home , later, under Reporting Installment Sale Income. 1040ez calculator Contract price. 1040ez calculator   Contract price equals: The selling price, minus The mortgages, debts, and other liabilities assumed or taken by the buyer, plus The amount by which the mortgages, debts, and other liabilities assumed or taken by the buyer exceed your adjusted basis for installment sale purposes. 1040ez calculator Gross profit percentage. 1040ez calculator   A certain percentage of each payment (after subtracting interest) is reported as installment sale income. 1040ez calculator This percentage is called the gross profit percentage and is figured by dividing your gross profit from the sale by the contract price. 1040ez calculator   The gross profit percentage generally remains the same for each payment you receive. 1040ez calculator However, see the Example under Selling Price Reduced, later, for a situation where the gross profit percentage changes. 1040ez calculator Example. 1040ez calculator You sell property at a contract price of $6,000 and your gross profit is $1,500. 1040ez calculator Your gross profit percentage is 25% ($1,500 ÷ $6,000). 1040ez calculator After subtracting interest, you report 25% of each payment, including the down payment, as installment sale income from the sale for the tax year you receive the payment. 1040ez calculator The remainder (balance) of each payment is the tax-free return of your adjusted basis. 1040ez calculator Amount to report as installment sale income. 1040ez calculator   Multiply the payments you receive each year (less interest) by the gross profit percentage. 1040ez calculator The result is your installment sale income for the tax year. 1040ez calculator In certain circumstances, you may be treated as having received a payment, even though you received nothing directly. 1040ez calculator A receipt of property or the assumption of a mortgage on the property sold may be treated as a payment. 1040ez calculator For a detailed discussion, see Payments Received or Considered Received under Other Rules, later. 1040ez calculator Selling Price Reduced If the selling price is reduced at a later date, the gross profit on the sale also will change. 1040ez calculator You then must refigure the gross profit percentage for the remaining payments. 1040ez calculator Refigure your gross profit using Worksheet B. 1040ez calculator You will spread any remaining gain over future installments. 1040ez calculator Worksheet B. 1040ez calculator New Gross Profit Percentage — Selling Price Reduced 1. 1040ez calculator Enter the reduced selling  price for the property   2. 1040ez calculator Enter your adjusted  basis for the  property     3. 1040ez calculator Enter your selling  expenses     4. 1040ez calculator Enter any depreciation  recapture     5. 1040ez calculator Add lines 2, 3, and 4. 1040ez calculator   6. 1040ez calculator Subtract line 5 from line 1. 1040ez calculator  This is your adjusted  gross profit   7. 1040ez calculator Enter any installment sale  income reported in  prior year(s)   8. 1040ez calculator Subtract line 7 from line 6   9. 1040ez calculator Future installments   10. 1040ez calculator Divide line 8 by line 9. 1040ez calculator  This is your new gross profit percentage*   * Apply this percentage to all future payments to determine how much of each of those payments is installment sale income. 1040ez calculator Example. 1040ez calculator In 2011, you sold land with a basis of $40,000 for $100,000. 1040ez calculator Your gross profit was $60,000. 1040ez calculator You received a $20,000 down payment and the buyer's note for $80,000. 1040ez calculator The note provides for four annual payments of $20,000 each, plus 8% interest, beginning in 2012. 1040ez calculator Your gross profit percentage is 60%. 1040ez calculator You reported a gain of $12,000 on each payment received in 2011 and 2012. 1040ez calculator In 2013, you and the buyer agreed to reduce the purchase price to $85,000 and payments during 2013, 2014, and 2015 are reduced to $15,000 for each year. 1040ez calculator The new gross profit percentage, 46. 1040ez calculator 67%, is figured on Example—Worksheet B. 1040ez calculator You will report a gain of $7,000 (46. 1040ez calculator 67% of $15,000) on each of the $15,000 installments due in 2013, 2014, and 2015. 1040ez calculator Example — Worksheet B. 1040ez calculator New Gross Profit Percentage — Selling Price Reduced 1. 1040ez calculator Enter the reduced selling  price for the property 85,000 2. 1040ez calculator Enter your adjusted  basis for the  property 40,000   3. 1040ez calculator Enter your selling  expenses -0-   4. 1040ez calculator Enter any depreciation  recapture -0-   5. 1040ez calculator Add lines 2, 3, and 4. 1040ez calculator 40,000 6. 1040ez calculator Subtract line 5 from line 1. 1040ez calculator  This is your adjusted  gross profit 45,000 7. 1040ez calculator Enter any installment sale  income reported in  prior year(s) 24,000 8. 1040ez calculator Subtract line 7 from line 6 21,000 9. 1040ez calculator Future installments 45,000 10. 1040ez calculator Divide line 8 by line 9. 1040ez calculator  This is your new gross profit percentage* 46. 1040ez calculator 67% * Apply this percentage to all future payments to determine how much of each of those payments is installment sale income. 1040ez calculator Reporting Installment Sale Income Generally, you will use Form 6252 to report installment sale income from casual sales of real or personal property during the tax year. 1040ez calculator You also will have to report the installment sale income on Schedule D (Form 1040), Capital Gains and Losses, or Form 4797, or both. 1040ez calculator See Schedule D (Form 1040) and Form 4797 , later. 1040ez calculator If the property was your main home, you may be able to exclude part or all of the gain. 1040ez calculator See Sale of Your Home , later. 1040ez calculator Form 6252 Use Form 6252 to report an installment sale in the year it takes place and to report payments received, or considered received because of related party resales, in later years. 1040ez calculator Attach it to your tax return for each year. 1040ez calculator Form 6252 will help you determine the gross profit, contract price, gross profit percentage, and installment sale income. 1040ez calculator Which parts to complete. 1040ez calculator   Which part to complete depends on whether you are filing the form for the year of sale or a later year. 1040ez calculator Year of sale. 1040ez calculator   Complete lines 1 through 4, Part I, and Part II. 1040ez calculator If you sold property to a related party during the year, also complete Part III. 1040ez calculator Later years. 1040ez calculator   Complete lines 1 through 4 and Part II for any year in which you receive a payment from an installment sale. 1040ez calculator   If you sold a marketable security to a related party after May 14, 1980, and before January 1, 1987, complete Form 6252 for each year of the installment agreement, even if you did not receive a payment. 1040ez calculator (After December 31, 1986, the installment method is not available for the sale of marketable securities. 1040ez calculator ) Complete lines 1 through 4 and Part II for any year in which you receive a payment from the sale. 1040ez calculator Complete Part III unless you received the final payment during the tax year. 1040ez calculator   If you sold property other than a marketable security to a related party after May 14, 1980, complete Form 6252 for the year of sale and for 2 years after the year of sale, even if you did not receive a payment. 1040ez calculator Complete lines 1 through 4 and Part II for any year during this 2-year period in which you receive a payment from the sale. 1040ez calculator Complete Part III for the 2 years after the year of sale unless you received the final payment during the tax year. 1040ez calculator Schedule D (Form 1040) Enter the gain figured on Form 6252 (line 26) for personal-use property (capital assets) on Schedule D (Form 1040), as a short-term gain (line 4) or long-term gain (line 11). 1040ez calculator If your gain from the installment sale qualifies for long-term capital gain treatment in the year of sale, it will continue to qualify in later tax years. 1040ez calculator Your gain is long-term if you owned the property for more than 1 year when you sold it. 1040ez calculator Form 4797 An installment sale of property used in your business or that earns rent or royalty income may result in a capital gain, an ordinary gain, or both. 1040ez calculator All or part of any gain from the disposition of the property may be ordinary gain from depreciation recapture. 1040ez calculator For trade or business property held for more than 1 year, enter the amount from line 26 of Form 6252 on Form 4797, line 4. 1040ez calculator If the property was held 1 year or less or you have an ordinary gain from the sale of a noncapital asset (even if the holding period is more than 1 year), enter this amount on Form 4797, line 10, and write “From Form 6252. 1040ez calculator ” Sale of Your Home If you sell your home, you may be able to exclude all or part of the gain on the sale. 1040ez calculator See Publication 523 for information about excluding the gain. 1040ez calculator If the sale is an installment sale, any gain you exclude is not included in gross profit when figuring your gross profit percentage. 1040ez calculator Seller-financed mortgage. 1040ez calculator   If you finance the sale of your home to an individual, both you and the buyer may have to follow special reporting procedures. 1040ez calculator   When you report interest income received from a buyer who uses the property as a personal residence, write the buyer's name, address, and social security number (SSN) on line 1 of Schedule B (Form 1040A or 1040), Interest and Ordinary Dividends. 1040ez calculator   When deducting the mortgage interest, the buyer must write your name, address, and SSN on line 11 of Schedule A (Form 1040), Itemized Deductions. 1040ez calculator   If either person fails to include the other person's SSN, a $50 penalty will be assessed. 1040ez calculator Other Rules The rules discussed in this part of the publication apply only in certain circumstances or to certain types of property. 1040ez calculator The following topics are discussed. 1040ez calculator Electing out of the installment method. 1040ez calculator Payments received or considered received. 1040ez calculator Escrow account. 1040ez calculator Depreciation recapture income. 1040ez calculator Sale to a related person. 1040ez calculator Like-kind exchange. 1040ez calculator Contingent payment sale. 1040ez calculator Single sale of several assets. 1040ez calculator Sale of a business. 1040ez calculator Unstated interest and original issue discount. 1040ez calculator Disposition of an installment obligation. 1040ez calculator Repossession. 1040ez calculator Interest on deferred tax. 1040ez calculator Electing Out of the Installment Method If you elect not to use the installment method, you generally report the entire gain in the year of sale, even though you do not receive all the sale proceeds in that year. 1040ez calculator To figure the amount of gain to report, use the fair market value (FMV) of the buyer's installment obligation that represents the buyer's debt to you. 1040ez calculator Notes, mortgages, and land contracts are examples of obligations that are included at FMV. 1040ez calculator You must figure the FMV of the buyer's installment obligation, whether or not you would actually be able to sell it. 1040ez calculator If you use the cash method of accounting, the FMV of the obligation will never be considered to be less than the FMV of the property sold (minus any other consideration received). 1040ez calculator Example. 1040ez calculator You sold a parcel of land for $50,000. 1040ez calculator You received a $10,000 down payment and will receive the balance over the next 10 years at $4,000 a year, plus 8% interest. 1040ez calculator The buyer gave you a note for $40,000. 1040ez calculator The note had an FMV of $40,000. 1040ez calculator You paid a commission of 6%, or $3,000, to a broker for negotiating the sale. 1040ez calculator The land cost $25,000, and you owned it for more than one year. 1040ez calculator You decide to elect out of the installment method and report the entire gain in the year of sale. 1040ez calculator Gain realized:     Selling price $50,000 Minus: Property's adj. 1040ez calculator basis $25,000     Commission 3,000 28,000 Gain realized $22,000 Gain recognized in year of sale:   Cash $10,000 Market value of note 40,000 Total realized in year of sale $50,000 Minus: Property's adj. 1040ez calculator basis $25,000     Commission 3,000 28,000 Gain recognized $22,000 The recognized gain of $22,000 is long-term capital gain. 1040ez calculator You include the entire gain in income in the year of sale, so you do not include in income any principal payments you receive in later tax years. 1040ez calculator The interest on the note is ordinary income and is reported as interest income each year. 1040ez calculator How to elect out. 1040ez calculator   To make this election, do not report your sale on Form 6252. 1040ez calculator Instead, report it on Form 8949, Sales and Other Dispositions of Capital Assets, Form 4797, or both. 1040ez calculator When to elect out. 1040ez calculator   Make this election by the due date, including extensions, for filing your tax return for the year the sale takes place. 1040ez calculator Automatic six-month extension. 1040ez calculator   If you timely file your tax return without making the election, you still can make the election by filing an amended return within 6 months of the due date of your return (excluding extensions). 1040ez calculator Write “Filed pursuant to section 301. 1040ez calculator 9100-2” at the top of the amended return and file it where the original return was filed. 1040ez calculator Revoking the election. 1040ez calculator   Once made, the election can be revoked only with IRS approval. 1040ez calculator A revocation is retroactive. 1040ez calculator You will not be allowed to revoke the election if either of the following applies. 1040ez calculator One of the purposes is to avoid federal income tax. 1040ez calculator The tax year in which any payment was received has closed. 1040ez calculator Payments Received or Considered Received You must figure your gain each year on the payments you receive, or are treated as receiving, from an installment sale. 1040ez calculator In certain situations, you are considered to have received a payment, even though the buyer does not pay you directly. 1040ez calculator These situations occur when the buyer assumes or pays any of your debts, such as a loan, or pays any of your expenses, such as a sales commission. 1040ez calculator However, as discussed later, the buyer's assumption of your debt is treated as a recovery of your basis rather than as a payment in many cases. 1040ez calculator Buyer Pays Seller's Expenses If the buyer pays any of your expenses related to the sale of your property, it is considered a payment to you in the year of sale. 1040ez calculator Include these expenses in the selling and contract prices when figuring the gross profit percentage. 1040ez calculator Buyer Assumes Mortgage If the buyer assumes or pays off your mortgage, or otherwise takes the property subject to the mortgage, the following rules apply. 1040ez calculator Mortgage not more than basis. 1040ez calculator   If the buyer assumes a mortgage that is not more than your installment sale basis in the property, it is not considered a payment to you. 1040ez calculator It is considered a recovery of your basis. 1040ez calculator The contract price is the selling price minus the mortgage. 1040ez calculator Example. 1040ez calculator You sell property with an adjusted basis of $19,000. 1040ez calculator You have selling expenses of $1,000. 1040ez calculator The buyer assumes your existing mortgage of $15,000 and agrees to pay you $10,000 (a cash down payment of $2,000 and $2,000 (plus 12% interest) in each of the next 4 years). 1040ez calculator The selling price is $25,000 ($15,000 + $10,000). 1040ez calculator Your gross profit is $5,000 ($25,000 − $20,000 installment sale basis). 1040ez calculator The contract price is $10,000 ($25,000 − $15,000 mortgage). 1040ez calculator Your gross profit percentage is 50% ($5,000 ÷ $10,000). 1040ez calculator You report half of each $2,000 payment received as gain from the sale. 1040ez calculator You also report all interest you receive as ordinary income. 1040ez calculator Mortgage more than basis. 1040ez calculator   If the buyer assumes a mortgage that is more than your installment sale basis in the property, you recover your entire basis. 1040ez calculator The part of the mortgage greater than your basis is treated as a payment received in the year of sale. 1040ez calculator   To figure the contract price, subtract the mortgage from the selling price. 1040ez calculator This is the total amount (other than interest) you will receive directly from the buyer. 1040ez calculator Add to this amount the payment you are considered to have received (the difference between the mortgage and your installment sale basis). 1040ez calculator The contract price is then the same as your gross profit from the sale. 1040ez calculator    If the mortgage the buyer assumes is equal to or more than your installment sale basis, the gross profit percentage always will be 100%. 1040ez calculator Example. 1040ez calculator The selling price for your property is $9,000. 1040ez calculator The buyer will pay you $1,000 annually (plus 8% interest) over the next 3 years and assume an existing mortgage of $6,000. 1040ez calculator Your adjusted basis in the property is $4,400. 1040ez calculator You have selling expenses of $600, for a total installment sale basis of $5,000. 1040ez calculator The part of the mortgage that is more than your installment sale basis is $1,000 ($6,000 − $5,000). 1040ez calculator This amount is included in the contract price and treated as a payment received in the year of sale. 1040ez calculator The contract price is $4,000: Selling price $9,000 Minus: Mortgage (6,000) Amount actually received $3,000 Add difference:   Mortgage $6,000   Minus: Installment sale basis 5,000 1,000 Contract price $4,000       Your gross profit on the sale is also $4,000: Selling price $9,000 Minus: Installment sale basis (5,000) Gross profit $4,000 Your gross profit percentage is 100%. 1040ez calculator Report 100% of each payment (less interest) as gain from the sale. 1040ez calculator Treat the $1,000 difference between the mortgage and your installment sale basis as a payment and report 100% of it as gain in the year of sale. 1040ez calculator Mortgage Canceled If the buyer of your property is the person who holds the mortgage on it, your debt is canceled, not assumed. 1040ez calculator You are considered to receive a payment equal to the outstanding canceled debt. 1040ez calculator Example. 1040ez calculator Mary Jones loaned you $45,000 in 2009 in exchange for a note and a mortgage in a tract of land you owned. 1040ez calculator On April 4, 2013, she bought the land for $70,000. 1040ez calculator At that time, $30,000 of her loan to you was outstanding. 1040ez calculator She agreed to forgive this $30,000 debt and to pay you $20,000 (plus interest) on August 1, 2013, and $20,000 on August 1, 2014. 1040ez calculator She did not assume an existing mortgage. 1040ez calculator She canceled the $30,000 debt you owed her. 1040ez calculator You are considered to have received a $30,000 payment at the time of the sale. 1040ez calculator Buyer Assumes Other Debts If the buyer assumes any other debts, such as a loan or back taxes, it may be considered a payment to you in the year of sale. 1040ez calculator If the buyer assumes the debt instead of paying it off, only part of it may have to be treated as a payment. 1040ez calculator Compare the debt to your installment sale basis in the property being sold. 1040ez calculator If the debt is less than your installment sale basis, none of it is treated as a payment. 1040ez calculator If it is more, only the difference is treated as a payment. 1040ez calculator If the buyer assumes more than one debt, any part of the total that is more than your installment sale basis is considered a payment. 1040ez calculator These rules are the same as the rules discussed earlier under Buyer Assumes Mortgage . 1040ez calculator However, they apply only to the following types of debt the buyer assumes. 1040ez calculator Those acquired from ownership of the property you are selling, such as a mortgage, lien, overdue interest, or back taxes. 1040ez calculator Those acquired in the ordinary course of your business, such as a balance due for inventory you purchased. 1040ez calculator If the buyer assumes any other type of debt, such as a personal loan or your legal fees relating to the sale, it is treated as if the buyer had paid off the debt at the time of the sale. 1040ez calculator The value of the assumed debt is then considered a payment to you in the year of sale. 1040ez calculator Property Used As a Payment If you receive property other than money from the buyer, it is still considered a payment in the year received. 1040ez calculator However, see Like-Kind Exchange , later. 1040ez calculator Generally, the amount of the payment is the property's FMV on the date you receive it. 1040ez calculator Exception. 1040ez calculator   If the property the buyer gives you is payable on demand or readily tradable, the amount you should consider as payment in the year received is: The FMV of the property on the date you receive it if you use the cash method of accounting, The face amount of the obligation on the date you receive it if you use the accrual method of accounting, or The stated redemption price at maturity less any original issue discount (OID) or, if there is no OID, the stated redemption price at maturity appropriately discounted to reflect total unstated interest. 1040ez calculator See Unstated Interest and Original Issue Discount (OID) , later. 1040ez calculator Debt not payable on demand. 1040ez calculator   Any evidence of debt you receive from the buyer not payable on demand is not considered a payment. 1040ez calculator This is true even if the debt is guaranteed by a third party, including a government agency. 1040ez calculator Fair market value (FMV). 1040ez calculator   This is the price at which property would change hands between a willing buyer and a willing seller, neither being under any compulsion to buy or sell and both having a reasonable knowledge of all the necessary facts. 1040ez calculator Third-party note. 1040ez calculator   If the property the buyer gives you is a third-party note (or other obligation of a third party), you are considered to have received a payment equal to the note's FMV. 1040ez calculator Because the FMV of the note is itself a payment on your installment sale, any payments you later receive from the third party are not considered payments on the sale. 1040ez calculator The excess of the note's face value over its FMV is interest. 1040ez calculator Exclude this interest in determining the selling price of the property. 1040ez calculator However, see Exception under Property Used As a Payment, earlier. 1040ez calculator Example. 1040ez calculator You sold real estate in an installment sale. 1040ez calculator As part of the down payment, the buyer assigned to you a $50,000, 8% interest third-party note. 1040ez calculator The FMV of the third-party note at the time of the sale was $30,000. 1040ez calculator This amount, not $50,000, is a payment to you in the year of sale. 1040ez calculator The third-party note had an FMV equal to 60% of its face value ($30,000 ÷ $50,000), so 60% of each principal payment you receive on this note is a nontaxable return of capital. 1040ez calculator The remaining 40% is interest taxed as ordinary income. 1040ez calculator Bond. 1040ez calculator   A bond or other evidence of debt you receive from the buyer that is payable on demand or readily tradable in an established securities market is treated as a payment in the year you receive it. 1040ez calculator For more information on the amount you should treat as a payment, see Exception under Property Used As a Payment, earlier. 1040ez calculator    If you receive a government or corporate bond for a sale before October 22, 2004, and the bond has interest coupons attached or can be readily traded in an established securities market, you are considered to have received payment equal to the bond's FMV. 1040ez calculator However, see Exception under Property Used As a Payment, earlier. 1040ez calculator Buyer's note. 1040ez calculator   The buyer's note (unless payable on demand) is not considered payment on the sale. 1040ez calculator However, its full face value is included when figuring the selling price and the contract price. 1040ez calculator Payments you receive on the note are used to figure your gain in the year received. 1040ez calculator Installment Obligation Used as Security (Pledge Rule) If you use an installment obligation to secure any debt, the net proceeds from the debt may be treated as a payment on the installment obligation. 1040ez calculator This is known as the pledge rule, and it applies if the selling price of the property is over $150,000. 1040ez calculator It does not apply to the following dispositions. 1040ez calculator Sales of property used or produced in farming. 1040ez calculator Sales of personal-use property. 1040ez calculator Qualifying sales of time-shares and residential lots. 1040ez calculator The net debt proceeds are the gross debt minus the direct expenses of getting the debt. 1040ez calculator The amount treated as a payment is considered received on the later of the following dates. 1040ez calculator The date the debt becomes secured. 1040ez calculator The date you receive the debt proceeds. 1040ez calculator A debt is secured by an installment obligation to the extent that payment of principal or interest on the debt is directly secured (under the terms of the loan or any underlying arrangement) by any interest in the installment obligation. 1040ez calculator For sales after December 16, 1999, payment on a debt is treated as directly secured by an interest in an installment obligation to the extent an arrangement allows you to satisfy all or part of the debt with the installment obligation. 1040ez calculator Limit. 1040ez calculator   The net debt proceeds treated as a payment on the pledged installment obligation cannot be more than the excess of item (1) over item (2), below. 1040ez calculator The total contract price on the installment sale. 1040ez calculator Any payments received on the installment obligation before the date the net debt proceeds are treated as a payment. 1040ez calculator Installment payments. 1040ez calculator   The pledge rule accelerates the reporting of the installment obligation payments. 1040ez calculator Do not report payments received on the obligation after it has been pledged until the payments received exceed the amount reported under the pledge rule. 1040ez calculator Exception. 1040ez calculator   The pledge rule does not apply to pledges made after December 17, 1987, to refinance a debt under the following circumstances. 1040ez calculator The debt was outstanding on December 17, 1987. 1040ez calculator The debt was secured by that installment sale obligation on that date and at all times thereafter until the refinancing occurred. 1040ez calculator   A refinancing as a result of the creditor's calling of the debt is treated as a continuation of the original debt so long as a person other than the creditor or a person related to the creditor provides the refinancing. 1040ez calculator   This exception applies only to refinancing that does not exceed the principal of the original debt immediately before the refinancing. 1040ez calculator Any excess is treated as a payment on the installment obligation. 1040ez calculator Escrow Account In some cases, the sales agreement or a later agreement may call for the buyer to establish an irrevocable escrow account from which the remaining installment payments (including interest) are to be made. 1040ez calculator These sales cannot be reported on the installment method. 1040ez calculator The buyer's obligation is paid in full when the balance of the purchase price is deposited into the escrow account. 1040ez calculator When an escrow account is established, you no longer rely on the buyer for the rest of the payments, but on the escrow arrangement. 1040ez calculator Example. 1040ez calculator You sell property for $100,000. 1040ez calculator The sales agreement calls for a down payment of $10,000 and payment of $15,000 in each of the next 6 years to be made from an irrevocable escrow account containing the balance of the purchase price plus interest. 1040ez calculator You cannot report the sale on the installment method because the full purchase price is considered received in the year of sale. 1040ez calculator You report the entire gain in the year of sale. 1040ez calculator Escrow established in a later year. 1040ez calculator   If you make an installment sale and in a later year an irrevocable escrow account is established to pay the remaining installments plus interest, the amount placed in the escrow account represents payment of the balance of the installment obligation. 1040ez calculator Substantial restriction. 1040ez calculator   If an escrow arrangement imposes a substantial restriction on your right to receive the sale proceeds, the sale can be reported on the installment method, provided it otherwise qualifies. 1040ez calculator For an escrow arrangement to impose a substantial restriction, it must serve a bona fide purpose of the buyer, that is, a real and definite restriction placed on the seller or a specific economic benefit conferred on the buyer. 1040ez calculator Depreciation Recapture Income If you sell property for which you claimed or could have claimed a depreciation deduction, you must report any depreciation recapture income in the year of sale, whether or not an installment payment was received that year. 1040ez calculator Figure your depreciation recapture income (including the section 179 deduction and the section 179A deduction recapture) in Part III of Form 4797. 1040ez calculator Report the recapture income in Part II of Form 4797 as ordinary income in the year of sale. 1040ez calculator The recapture income is also included in Part I of Form 6252. 1040ez calculator However, the gain equal to the recapture income is reported in full in the year of the sale. 1040ez calculator Only the gain greater than the recapture income is reported on the installment method. 1040ez calculator For more information on depreciation recapture, see chapter 3 in Publication 544. 1040ez calculator The recapture income reported in the year of sale is included in your installment sale basis in determining your gross profit on the installment sale. 1040ez calculator Determining gross profit is discussed under General Rules , earlier. 1040ez calculator Sale to a Related Person If you sell depreciable property to a related person and the sale is an installment sale, you may not be able to report the sale using the installment method. 1040ez calculator If you sell property to a related person and the related person disposes of the property before you receive all payments with respect to the sale, you may have to treat the amount realized by the related person as received by you when the related person disposes of the property. 1040ez calculator These rules are explained under Sale of Depreciable Property and under Sale and Later Disposition , later. 1040ez calculator Sale of Depreciable Property If you sell depreciable property to certain related persons, you generally cannot report the sale using the installment method. 1040ez calculator Instead, all payments to be received are considered received in the year of sale. 1040ez calculator However, see Exception , below. 1040ez calculator Depreciable property for this rule is any property the purchaser can depreciate. 1040ez calculator Payments to be received include the total of all noncontingent payments and the FMV of any payments contingent as to amount. 1040ez calculator In the case of contingent payments for which the FMV cannot be reasonably determined, your basis in the property is recovered proportionately. 1040ez calculator The purchaser cannot increase the basis of the property acquired in the sale before the seller includes a like amount in income. 1040ez calculator Exception. 1040ez calculator   You can use the installment method to report a sale of depreciable property to a related person if no significant tax deferral benefit will be derived from the sale. 1040ez calculator You must show to the satisfaction of the IRS that avoidance of federal income tax was not one of the principal purposes of the sale. 1040ez calculator Related person. 1040ez calculator   Related persons include the following. 1040ez calculator A person and all controlled entities with respect to that person. 1040ez calculator A taxpayer and any trust in which such taxpayer (or his spouse) is a beneficiary, unless that beneficiary's interest in the trust is a remote contingent interest. 1040ez calculator Except in the case of a sale or exchange in satisfaction of a pecuniary bequest, an executor of an estate and a beneficiary of that estate. 1040ez calculator Two or more partnerships in which the same person owns, directly or indirectly, more than 50% of the capital interests or the profits interests. 1040ez calculator   For information about which entities are controlled entities, see section 1239(c). 1040ez calculator Sale and Later Disposition Generally, a special rule applies if you sell or exchange property to a related person on the installment method (first disposition) who then sells, exchanges, or gives away the property (second disposition) under the following circumstances. 1040ez calculator The related person makes the second disposition before making all payments on the first disposition. 1040ez calculator The related person disposes of the property within 2 years of the first disposition. 1040ez calculator This rule does not apply if the property involved is marketable securities. 1040ez calculator Under this rule, you treat part or all of the amount the related person realizes (or the FMV if the disposed property is not sold or exchanged) from the second disposition as if you received it at the time of the second disposition. 1040ez calculator See Exception , later. 1040ez calculator Related person. 1040ez calculator   Related persons include the following. 1040ez calculator Members of a family, including only brothers and sisters (either whole or half), husband and wife, ancestors, and lineal descendants. 1040ez calculator A partnership or estate and a partner or beneficiary. 1040ez calculator A trust (other than a section 401(a) employees trust) and a beneficiary. 1040ez calculator A trust and an owner of the trust. 1040ez calculator Two corporations that are members of the same controlled group as defined in section 267(f). 1040ez calculator The fiduciaries of two different trusts, and the fiduciary and beneficiary of two different trusts, if the same person is the grantor of both trusts. 1040ez calculator A tax-exempt educational or charitable organization and a person (if an individual, including members of the individual's family) who directly or indirectly controls such an organization. 1040ez calculator An individual and a corporation when the individual owns, directly or indirectly, more than 50% of the value of the outstanding stock of the corporation. 1040ez calculator A fiduciary of a trust and a corporation when the trust or the grantor of the trust owns, directly or indirectly, more than 50% in value of the outstanding stock of the corporation. 1040ez calculator The grantor and fiduciary, and the fiduciary and beneficiary, of any trust. 1040ez calculator Any two S corporations if the same persons own more than 50% in value of the outstanding stock of each corporation. 1040ez calculator An S corporation and a corporation that is not an S corporation if the same persons own more than 50% in value of the outstanding stock of each corporation. 1040ez calculator A corporation and a partnership if the same persons own more than 50% in value of the outstanding stock of the corporation and more than 50% of the capital or profits interest in the partnership. 1040ez calculator An executor and a beneficiary of an estate unless the sale is in satisfaction of a pecuniary bequest. 1040ez calculator Example 1. 1040ez calculator In 2012, Harvey Green sold farm land to his son Bob for $500,000, which was to be paid in five equal payments over 5 years, plus adequate stated interest on the balance due. 1040ez calculator His installment sale basis for the farm land was $250,000 and the property was not subject to any outstanding liens or mortgages. 1040ez calculator His gross profit percentage is 50% (gross profit of $250,000 ÷ contract price of $500,000). 1040ez calculator He received $100,000 in 2012 and included $50,000 in income for that year ($100,000 × 0. 1040ez calculator 50). 1040ez calculator Bob made no improvements to the property and sold it to Alfalfa Inc. 1040ez calculator , in 2013 for $600,000 after making the payment for that year. 1040ez calculator The amount realized from the second disposition is $600,000. 1040ez calculator Harvey figures his installment sale income for 2013 as follows: Lesser of: 1) Amount realized on second disposition, or 2) Contract price on first disposition $500,000 Subtract: Sum of payments from Bob in 2012 and 2013 - 200,000 Amount treated as received because of second disposition $300,000 Add: Payment from Bob in 2013 + 100,000 Total payments received and treated as received for 2013 $400,000 Multiply by gross profit % × . 1040ez calculator 50 Installment sale income for 2013 $200,000 Harvey will not include in his installment sale income any principal payments he receives on the installment obligation for 2014, 2015, and 2016 because he has already reported the total payments of $500,000 from the first disposition ($100,000 in 2012 and $400,000 in 2013). 1040ez calculator Example 2. 1040ez calculator Assume the facts are the same as Example 1 except that Bob sells the property for only $400,000. 1040ez calculator The gain for 2013 is figured as follows: Lesser of: 1) Amount realized on second disposition, or 2) Contract price on first disposition $400,000 Subtract: Sum of payments from Bob in 2012 and 2013 − 200,000 Amount treated as received because of second disposition $200,000 Add: Payment from Bob in 2013 + 100,000 Total payments received and treated as received for 2013 $300,000 Multiply by gross profit % × . 1040ez calculator 50 Installment sale income for 2013 $150,000     Harvey receives a $100,000 payment in 2014 and another in 2015. 1040ez calculator They are not taxed because he treated the $200,000 from the disposition in 2013 as a payment received and paid tax on the installment sale income. 1040ez calculator In 2016, he receives the final $100,000 payment. 1040ez calculator He figures the installment sale income he must recognize in 2016 as follows: Total payments from the first disposition received by the end of 2016 $500,000 Minus the sum of:     Payment from 2012 $100,000   Payment from 2013 100,000   Amount treated as received in 2013 200,000   Total on which gain was previously recognized  − 400,000 Payment on which gain is recognized for 2016  $100,000 Multiply by gross profit % × . 1040ez calculator 50 Installment sale income for 2016 $ 50,000 Exception. 1040ez calculator   This rule does not apply to a second disposition, and any later transfer, if you can show to the satisfaction of the IRS that neither the first disposition (to the related person) nor the second disposition had as one of its principal purposes the avoidance of federal income tax. 1040ez calculator Generally, an involuntary second disposition will qualify under the nontax avoidance exception, such as when a creditor of the related person forecloses on the property or the related person declares bankruptcy. 1040ez calculator   The nontax avoidance exception also applies to a second disposition that is also an installment sale if the terms of payment under the installment resale are substantially equal to or longer than those for the first installment sale. 1040ez calculator However, the exception does not apply if the resale terms permit significant deferral of recognition of gain from the first sale. 1040ez calculator   In addition, any sale or exchange of stock to the issuing corporation is not treated as a first disposition. 1040ez calculator An involuntary conversion is not treated as a second disposition if the first disposition occurred before the threat of conversion. 1040ez calculator A transfer after the death of the person making the first disposition or the related person's death, whichever is earlier, is not treated as a second disposition. 1040ez calculator Like-Kind Exchange If you trade business or investment property solely for the same kind of property to be held as business or investment property, you can postpone reporting the gain. 1040ez calculator These trades are known as like-kind exchanges. 1040ez calculator The property you receive in a like-kind exchange is treated as if it were a continuation of the property you gave up. 1040ez calculator You do not have to report any part of your gain if you receive only like-kind property. 1040ez calculator However, if you also receive money or other property (boot) in the exchange, you must report your gain to the extent of the money and the FMV of the other property received. 1040ez calculator For more information on like-kind exchanges, see Like-Kind Exchanges in chapter 1 of Publication 544. 1040ez calculator Installment payments. 1040ez calculator   If, in addition to like-kind property, you receive an installment obligation in the exchange, the following rules apply to determine the installment sale income each year. 1040ez calculator The contract price is reduced by the FMV of the like-kind property received in the trade. 1040ez calculator The gross profit is reduced by any gain on the trade that can be postponed. 1040ez calculator Like-kind property received in the trade is not considered payment on the installment obligation. 1040ez calculator Example. 1040ez calculator In 2013, George Brown trades personal property with an installment sale basis of $400,000 for like-kind property having an FMV of $200,000. 1040ez calculator He also receives an installment note for $800,000 in the trade. 1040ez calculator Under the terms of the note, he is to receive $100,000 (plus interest) in 2014 and the balance of $700,000 (plus interest) in 2015. 1040ez calculator George's selling price is $1,000,000 ($800,000 installment note + $200,000 FMV of like-kind property received). 1040ez calculator His gross profit is $600,000 ($1,000,000 − $400,000 installment sale basis). 1040ez calculator The contract price is $800,000 ($1,000,000 − $200,000). 1040ez calculator The gross profit percentage is 75% ($600,000 ÷ $800,000). 1040ez calculator He reports no gain in 2013 because the like-kind property he receives is not treated as a payment for figuring gain. 1040ez calculator He reports $75,000 gain for 2014 (75% of $100,000 payment received) and $525,000 gain for 2015 (75% of $700,000 payment received). 1040ez calculator Deferred exchanges. 1040ez calculator   A deferred exchange is one in which you transfer property you use in business or hold for investment and receive like-kind property later that you will use in business or hold for investment. 1040ez calculator Under this type of exchange, the person receiving your property may be required to place funds in an escrow account or trust. 1040ez calculator If certain rules are met, these funds will not be considered a payment until you have the right to receive the funds or, if earlier, the end of the exchange period. 1040ez calculator See Regulations section 1. 1040ez calculator 1031(k)-1(j)(2) for these rules. 1040ez calculator Contingent Payment Sale A contingent payment sale is one in which the total selling price cannot be determined by the end of the tax year of sale. 1040ez calculator This happens, for example, if you sell your business and the selling price includes a percentage of its profits in future years. 1040ez calculator If the selling price cannot be determined by the end of the tax year, you must use different rules to figure the contract price and the gross profit percentage than those you use for an installment sale with a fixed selling price. 1040ez calculator For rules on using the installment method for a contingent payment sale, see Regulations section 15a. 1040ez calculator 453-1(c). 1040ez calculator Single Sale of Several Assets If you sell different types of assets in a single sale, you must identify each asset to determine whether you can use the installment method to report the sale of that asset. 1040ez calculator You also have to allocate part of the selling price to each asset. 1040ez calculator If you sell assets that constitute a trade or business, see Sale of a Business , later. 1040ez calculator Unless an allocation of the selling price has been agreed to by both parties in an arm's-length transaction, you must allocate the selling price to an asset based on its FMV. 1040ez calculator If the buyer assumes a debt, or takes the property subject to a debt, you must reduce the FMV of the property by the debt. 1040ez calculator This becomes the net FMV. 1040ez calculator A sale of separate and unrelated assets of the same type under a single contract is reported as one transaction for the installment method. 1040ez calculator However, if an asset is sold at a loss, its disposition cannot be reported on the installment method. 1040ez calculator It must be reported separately. 1040ez calculator The remaining assets sold at a gain are reported together. 1040ez calculator Example. 1040ez calculator You sold three separate and unrelated parcels of real property (A, B, and C) under a single contract calling for a total selling price of $130,000. 1040ez calculator The total selling price consisted of a cash payment of $20,000, the buyer's assumption of a $30,000 mortgage on parcel B, and an installment obligation of $80,000 payable in eight annual installments, plus interest at 8% a year. 1040ez calculator Your installment sale basis for each parcel was $15,000. 1040ez calculator Your net gain was $85,000 ($130,000 − $45,000). 1040ez calculator You report the gain on the installment method. 1040ez calculator The sales contract did not allocate the selling price or the cash payment received in the year of sale among the individual parcels. 1040ez calculator The FMV of parcels A, B, and C were $60,000, $60,000, and $10,000, respectively. 1040ez calculator The installment sale basis for parcel C was more than its FMV, so it was sold at a loss and must be treated separately. 1040ez calculator You must allocate the total selling price and the amounts received in the year of sale between parcel C and the remaining parcels. 1040ez calculator Of the total $130,000 selling price, you must allocate $120,000 to parcels A and B together and $10,000 to parcel C. 1040ez calculator You should allocate the cash payment of $20,000 received in the year of sale and the note receivable on the basis of their proportionate net FMV. 1040ez calculator The allocation is figured as follows:   Parcels   A and B Parcel C FMV $120,000 $10,000 Minus: Mortgage assumed 30,000 -0- Net FMV $ 90,000 $10,000 Proportionate net FMV:     Percentage of total 90% 10% Payments in year of sale:     $20,000 × 90% $18,000   $20,000 × 10%   $2,000 Excess of parcel B mortgage over installment sale basis 15,000 -0- Allocation of payments  received (or considered  received) in year of sale $ 33,000 $ 2,000 You cannot report the sale of parcel C on the installment method because the sale results in a loss. 1040ez calculator You report this loss of $5,000 ($10,000 selling price − $15,000 installment sale basis) in the year of sale. 1040ez calculator However, if parcel C was held for personal use, the loss is not deductible. 1040ez calculator You allocate the installment obligation of $80,000 to the properties sold based on their proportionate net FMVs (90% to parcels A and B, 10% to parcel C). 1040ez calculator Sale of a Business The installment sale of an entire business for one overall price under a single contract is not the sale of a single asset. 1040ez calculator Allocation of Selling Price To determine whether any of the gain on the sale of the business can be reported on the installment method, you must allocate the total selling price and the payments received in the year of sale between each of the following classes of assets. 1040ez calculator Assets sold at a loss. 1040ez calculator Real and personal property eligible for the installment method. 1040ez calculator Real and personal property ineligible for the installment method, including: Inventory, Dealer property, and Stocks and securities. 1040ez calculator Inventory. 1040ez calculator   The sale of inventories of personal property cannot be reported on the installment method. 1040ez calculator All gain or loss on their sale must be reported in the year of sale, even if you receive payment in later years. 1040ez calculator   If inventory items are included in an installment sale, you may have an agreement stating which payments are for inventory and which are for the other assets being sold. 1040ez calculator If you do not, each payment must be allocated between the inventory and the other assets sold. 1040ez calculator   Report the amount you receive (or will receive) on the sale of inventory items as ordinary business income. 1040ez calculator Use your basis in the inventory to figure the cost of goods sold. 1040ez calculator Deduct the part of the selling expenses allocated to inventory as an ordinary business expense. 1040ez calculator Residual method. 1040ez calculator   Except for assets exchanged under the like-kind exchange rules, both the buyer and seller of a business must use the residual method to allocate the sale price to each business asset sold. 1040ez calculator This method determines gain or loss from the transfer of each asset and the buyer's basis in the assets. 1040ez calculator   The residual method must be used for any transfer of a group of assets that constitutes a trade or business and for which the buyer's basis is determined only by the amount paid for the assets. 1040ez calculator This applies to both direct and indirect transfers, such as the sale of a business or the sale of a partnership interest in which the basis of the buyer's share of the partnership assets is adjusted for the amount paid under section 743(b). 1040ez calculator   A group of assets constitutes a trade or business if goodwill or going concern value could, under any circumstances, attach to the assets or if the use of the assets would constitute an active trade or business under section 355. 1040ez calculator   The residual method provides for the consideration to be reduced first by cash and general deposit accounts (including checking and savings accounts but excluding certificates of deposit). 1040ez calculator The consideration remaining after this reduction must be allocated among the various business assets in a certain order. 1040ez calculator   For asset acquisitions occurring after March 15, 2001, make the allocation among the following assets in proportion to (but not more than) their fair market value on the purchase date in the following order. 1040ez calculator Certificates of deposit, U. 1040ez calculator S. 1040ez calculator Government securities, foreign currency, and actively traded personal property, including stock and securities. 1040ez calculator Accounts receivable, other debt instruments, and assets that you mark to market at least annually for federal income tax purposes. 1040ez calculator However, see Regulations section 1. 1040ez calculator 338-6(b)(2)(iii) for exceptions that apply to debt instruments issued by persons related to a target corporation, contingent debt instruments, and debt instruments convertible into stock or other property. 1040ez calculator Property of a kind that would properly be included in inventory if on hand at the end of the tax year or property held by the taxpayer primarily for sale to customers in the ordinary course of business. 1040ez calculator All other assets except section 197 intangibles. 1040ez calculator Section 197 intangibles except goodwill and going concern value. 1040ez calculator Goodwill and going concern value (whether or not they qualify as section 197 intangibles). 1040ez calculator   If an asset described in (1) through (6) is includible in more than one category, include it in the lower number category. 1040ez calculator For example, if an asset is described in both (4) and (6), include it in (4). 1040ez calculator Agreement. 1040ez calculator   The buyer and seller may enter into a written agreement as to the allocation of any consideration or the fair market value of any of the assets. 1040ez calculator This agreement is binding on both parties unless the IRS determines the amounts are not appropriate. 1040ez calculator Reporting requirement. 1040ez calculator   Both the buyer and seller involved in the sale of business assets must report to the IRS the allocation of the sales price among section 197 intangibles and the other business assets. 1040ez calculator Use Form 8594, Asset Acquisition Statement Under Section 1060, to provide this information. 1040ez calculator The buyer and seller should each attach Form 8594 to their federal income tax return for the year in which the sale occurred. 1040ez calculator Sale of Partnership Interest A partner who sells a partnership interest at a gain may be able to report the sale on the installment method. 1040ez calculator The sale of a partnership interest is treated as the sale of a single capital asset. 1040ez calculator The part of any gain or loss from unrealized receivables or inventory items will be treated as ordinary income. 1040ez calculator (The term “unrealized receivables” includes depreciation recapture income, discussed earlier. 1040ez calculator ) The gain allocated to the unrealized receivables and the inventory cannot be reported under the installment method. 1040ez calculator The gain allocated to the other assets can be reported under the installment method. 1040ez calculator For more information on the treatment of unrealized receivables and inventory, see Publication 541. 1040ez calculator Example — Sale of a Business On June 4, 2013, you sold the machine shop you had operated since 2005. 1040ez calculator You received a $100,000 down payment and the buyer's note for $120,000. 1040ez calculator The note payments are $15,000 each, plus 10% interest, due every July 1 and January 1, beginning in 2014. 1040ez calculator The total selling price is $220,000. 1040ez calculator Your selling expenses are $11,000. 1040ez calculator The selling expenses are divided among all the assets sold, including inventory. 1040ez calculator Your selling expense for each asset is 5% of the asset's selling price ($11,000 selling expense ÷ $220,000 total selling price). 1040ez calculator The FMV, adjusted basis, and depreciation claimed on each asset sold are as follows:     Depre- ciation Adj. 1040ez calculator Asset FMV Claimed Basis Inventory $ 10,000 -0- $ 8,000 Land 42,000 -0- 15,000 Building 48,000 $9,000 36,000 Machine A 71,000 27,200 63,800 Machine B 24,000 12,960 22,040 Truck 6,500 18,624 5,376   $201,500 $67,784 $150,216         Under the residual method, you allocate the selling price to each of the assets based on their FMV ($201,500). 1040ez calculator The remaining $18,500 ($220,000 - $201,500) is allocated to your section 197 intangible, goodwill. 1040ez calculator The assets included in the sale, their selling prices based on their FMVs, the selling expense allocated to each asset, the adjusted basis, and the gain for each asset are shown in the following chart. 1040ez calculator   Sale  Price Sale   Exp. 1040ez calculator Adj. 1040ez calculator   Basis Gain Inventory $ 10,000 $ 500 $ 8,000 $ 1,500 Land 42,000 2,100 15,000 24,900 Building 48,000 2,400 36,000 9,600 Mch. 1040ez calculator A 71,000 3,550 63,800 3,650 Mch. 1040ez calculator B 24,000 1,200 22,040 760 Truck 6,500 325 5,376 799 Goodwill 18,500 925 -0- 17,575   $220,000 $11,000 $150,216 $58,784 The building was acquired in 2005, the year the business began, and it is section 1250 property. 1040ez calculator There is no depreciation recapture income because the building was depreciated using the straight line method. 1040ez calculator All gain on the truck, machine A, and machine B is depreciation recapture income since it is the lesser of the depreciation claimed or the gain on the sale. 1040ez calculator Figure depreciation recapture in Part III of Form 4797. 1040ez calculator The total depreciation recapture income reported in Part II of Form 4797 is $5,209. 1040ez calculator This consists of $3,650 on machine A, $799 on the truck, and $760 on machine B (the gain on each item because it was less than the depreciation claimed). 1040ez calculator These gains are reported in full in the year of sale and are not included in the installment sale computation. 1040ez calculator Of the $220,000 total selling price, the $10,000 for inventory assets cannot be reported using the installment method. 1040ez calculator The selling prices of the truck and machines are also removed from the total selling price because gain on these items is reported in full in the year of sale. 1040ez calculator The selling price equals the contract price for the installment sale ($108,500). 1040ez calculator The assets included in the installment sale, their selling price, and their installment sale bases are shown in the following chart. 1040ez calculator   Selling  Price Install- ment  Sale  Basis Gross  Profit Land $ 42,000 $17,100 $24,900 Building 48,000 38,400 9,600 Goodwill 18,500 925 17,575 Total $108,500 $56,425 $52,075         The gross profit percentage (gross profit ÷ contract price) for the installment sale is 48% ($52,075 ÷ $108,500). 1040ez calculator The gross profit percentage for each asset is figured as follows: Percentage Land— $24,900 ÷ $108,500 22. 1040ez calculator 95 Building— $9,600 ÷ $108,500 8. 1040ez calculator 85 Goodwill— $17,575 ÷ $108,500 16. 1040ez calculator 20 Total 48. 1040ez calculator 00 The sale includes assets sold on the installment method and assets for which the gain is reported in full in the year of sale, so payments must be allocated between the installment part of the sale and the part reported in the year of sale. 1040ez calculator The selling price for the installment sale is $108,500. 1040ez calculator This is 49. 1040ez calculator 3% of the total selling price of $220,000 ($108,500 ÷ $220,000). 1040ez calculator The selling price of assets not reported on the installment method is $111,500. 1040ez calculator This is 50. 1040ez calculator 7% ($111,500 ÷ $220,000) of the total selling price. 1040ez calculator Multiply principal payments by 49. 1040ez calculator 3% to determine the part of the payment for the installment sale. 1040ez calculator The balance, 50. 1040ez calculator 7%, is for the part reported in the year of the sale. 1040ez calculator The gain on the sale of the inventory, machines, and truck is reported in full in the year of sale. 1040ez calculator When you receive principal payments in later years, no part of the payment for the sale of these assets is included in gross income. 1040ez calculator Only the part for the installment sale (49. 1040ez calculator 3%) is used in the installment sale computation. 1040ez calculator The only payment received in 2013 is the down payment of $100,000. 1040ez calculator The part of the payment for the installment sale is $49,300 ($100,000 × 49. 1040ez calculator 3%). 1040ez calculator This amount is used in the installment sale computation. 1040ez calculator Installment income for 2013. 1040ez calculator   Your installment income for each asset is the gross profit percentage for that asset times $49,300, the installment income received in 2013. 1040ez calculator Income Land—22. 1040ez calculator 95% of $49,300 $11,314 Building—8. 1040ez calculator 85% of $49,300 4,363 Goodwill—16. 1040ez calculator 2% of $49,300 7,987 Total installment income for 2013 $23,664 Installment income after 2013. 1040ez calculator   You figure installment income for years after 2013 by applying the same gross profit percentages to 49. 1040ez calculator 3% of the total payments you receive on the buyer's note during the year. 1040ez calculator Unstated Interest and Original Issue Discount (OID) An installment sale contract may provide that each deferred payment on the sale will include interest or that there will be an interest payment in addition to the principal payment. 1040ez calculator Interest provided in the contract is called stated interest. 1040ez calculator If an installment sale contract does not provide for adequate stated interest, part of the stated principal amount of the contract may be recharacterized as interest. 1040ez calculator If section 483 applies to the contract, this interest is called unstated interest. 1040ez calculator If section 1274 applies to the contract, this interest is called original issue discount (OID). 1040ez calculator An installment sale contract does not provide for adequate stated interest if the stated interest rate is lower than the test rate (defined later). 1040ez calculator Treatment of unstated interest and OID. 1040ez calculator   Generally, if a buyer gives a debt in consideration for personal use property, the unstated interest rules do not apply. 1040ez calculator As a result, the buyer cannot deduct the unstated interest. 1040ez calculator The seller must report the unstated interest as income. 1040ez calculator   Personal-use property is any property in which substantially all of its use by the buyer is not in connection with a trade or business or an investment activity. 1040ez calculator   If the debt is subject to the section 483 rules and is also subject to the below-market loan rules, such as a gift loan, compensation-related loan, or corporation-shareholder loan, then both parties are subject to the below-market loan rules rather than the unstated interest rules. 1040ez calculator Rules for the seller. 1040ez calculator   If either section 1274 or section 483 applies to the installment sale contract, you must treat part of the installment sale price as interest, even though interest is not called for in the sales agreement. 1040ez calculator If either section applies, you must reduce the stated selling price of the property and increase your interest income by this unstated interest. 1040ez calculator   Include the unstated interest in income based on your regular method of accounting. 1040ez calculator Include OID in income over the term of the contract. 1040ez calculator   The OID includible in income each year is based on the constant yield method described in section 1272. 1040ez calculator (In some cases, the OID on an installment sale contract also may include all or part of the stated interest, especially if the stated interest is not paid at least annually. 1040ez calculator )   If you do not use the installment method to report the sale, report the entire gain under your method of accounting in the year of sale. 1040ez calculator Reduce the selling price by any stated principal treated as interest to determine the gain. 1040ez calculator   Report unstated interest or OID on your tax return, in addition to stated interest. 1040ez calculator Rules for the buyer. 1040ez calculator   Any part of the stated selling price of an installment sale contract treated by the buyer as interest reduces the buyer's basis in the property and increases the buyer's interest expense. 1040ez calculator These rules do not apply to personal-use property (for example, property not used in a trade or business). 1040ez calculator Adequate stated interest. 1040ez calculator   An installment sale contract generally provides for adequate stated interest if the contract's stated principal amount is at least equal to the sum of the present values of all principal and interest payments called for under the contract. 1040ez calculator The present value of a payment is determined based on the test rate of interest, defined next. 1040ez calculator (If section 483 applies to the contract, payments due within six months after the sale are taken into account at face value. 1040ez calculator ) In general, an installment sale contract provides for adequate stated interest if the stated interest rate (based on an appropriate compounding period) is at least equal to the test rate of interest. 1040ez calculator Test rate of interest. 1040ez calculator   The test rate of interest for a contract is the 3-month rate. 1040ez calculator The 3-month rate is the lower of the following applicable federal rates (AFRs). 1040ez calculator The lowest AFR (based on the appropriate compounding period) in effect during the 3-month period ending with the first month in which there is a binding written contract that substantially provides the terms under which the sale or exchange is ultimately completed. 1040ez calculator The lowest AFR (based on the appropriate compounding period) in effect during the 3-month period ending with the month in which the sale or exchange occurs. 1040ez calculator Applicable federal rate (AFR). 1040ez calculator   The AFR depends on the month the binding
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1040ez calculator Internal Revenue Bulletin:  2011-12  March 21, 2011  Rev. 1040ez calculator Proc. 1040ez calculator 2011-21 Table of Contents SECTION 1. 1040ez calculator PURPOSE SECTION 2. 1040ez calculator BACKGROUND SECTION 3. 1040ez calculator SCOPE SECTION 4. 1040ez calculator APPLICATION SECTION 5. 1040ez calculator EFFECTIVE DATE SECTION 6. 1040ez calculator EFFECT ON OTHER DOCUMENTS SECTION 7. 1040ez calculator DRAFTING INFORMATION SECTION 1. 1040ez calculator PURPOSE This revenue procedure provides: (1) limitations on depreciation deductions for owners of passenger automobiles first placed in service by the taxpayer during calendar year 2011, including separate tables of limitations on depreciation deductions for trucks and vans; (2) the amounts that must be included in income by lessees of passenger automobiles first leased by the taxpayer during calendar year 2011, including a separate table of inclusion amounts for lessees of trucks and vans; and (3) revised tables of depreciation limitations and lessee inclusion amounts for passenger automobiles that were first placed in service or first leased by the taxpayer, respectively, during 2010 and to which the 50 percent additional first year depreciation deduction under § 168(k)(1)(A) of the Internal Revenue Code or the 100 percent additional first year depreciation deduction under § 168(k)(5) applies. 1040ez calculator The tables detailing these depreciation limitations and lessee inclusion amounts reflect the automobile price inflation adjustments required by § 280F(d)(7). 1040ez calculator SECTION 2. 1040ez calculator BACKGROUND . 1040ez calculator 01 For owners of passenger automobiles, § 280F(a) imposes dollar limitations on the depreciation deduction for the year the taxpayer places the passenger automobile in service and for each succeeding year. 1040ez calculator For passenger automobiles placed in service after 1988, § 280F(d)(7) requires the Internal Revenue Service to increase the amounts allowable as depreciation deductions by a price inflation adjustment amount. 1040ez calculator The method of calculating this price inflation amount for trucks and vans placed in service in or after calendar year 2003 uses a different CPI “automobile component” (the “new trucks” component) than that used in the price inflation amount calculation for other passenger automobiles (the “new cars” component), resulting in somewhat higher depreciation deductions for trucks and vans. 1040ez calculator This change reflects the higher rate of price inflation for trucks and vans since 1988. 1040ez calculator . 1040ez calculator 02 Section 2022(a) of the Small Business Jobs Act of 2010, Pub. 1040ez calculator L. 1040ez calculator No. 1040ez calculator 111-240, 124 Stat. 1040ez calculator 2504 (September 27, 2010), extended the 50 percent additional first year depreciation deduction under § 168(k) to qualified property (as defined in § 168(k)(2)) acquired by the taxpayer after December 31, 2007, and before January 1, 2011, if no written binding contract for the acquisition of the property existed before January 1, 2008, and if the taxpayer places the property in service generally before January 1, 2011. 1040ez calculator Section 401(a) of the Tax Relief, Unemployment Insurance Reauthorization, and Job Creation Act of 2010, Pub. 1040ez calculator L. 1040ez calculator No. 1040ez calculator 111-312, 124 Stat. 1040ez calculator 3296 (Dec. 1040ez calculator 17, 2010) (the “Act”) further extended the 50 percent additional first year depreciation deduction under § 168(k) to qualified property acquired by the taxpayer after December 31, 2007, and before January 1, 2013, if no written binding contract for the acquisition of the property existed before January 1, 2008, and if the taxpayer places the property in service generally before January 1, 2013. 1040ez calculator Section 401(b) of the Act further amended § 168(k) by adding § 168(k)(5). 1040ez calculator It allows a 100 percent additional first year depreciation deduction for qualified property acquired by a taxpayer after September 8, 2010, and before January 1, 2012, if the taxpayer places the property in service generally before January 1, 2012. 1040ez calculator Section 168(k)(2)(F)(i) increases the first year depreciation allowed under § 280F(a)(1)(A)(i) by $8,000 for passenger automobiles to which the additional first year depreciation deduction under § 168(k) (hereinafter, referred to as “§ 168(k) additional first year depreciation deduction”) applies. 1040ez calculator . 1040ez calculator 03 Section 168(k)(2)(D)(i) provides that the § 168(k) additional first year depreciation deduction does not apply to any property required to be depreciated under the alternative depreciation system of § 168(g), including property described in § 280F(b)(1). 1040ez calculator Section 168(k)(2)(D)(iii) permits a taxpayer to elect out of the § 168(k) additional first year depreciation deduction for any class of property. 1040ez calculator Section 168(k)(4), as amended by the Act, permits a corporation to elect to increase the alternative minimum tax (“AMT”) credit limitation under § 53(c), instead of claiming the § 168(k) additional first year depreciation deduction for all eligible qualified property placed in service after December 31, 2010, that is round 2 extension property (as defined in § 168(k)(4)(I)(iv). 1040ez calculator Accordingly, this revenue procedure provides tables for passenger automobiles for which the § 168(k) additional first year depreciation deduction applies. 1040ez calculator This revenue procedure also provides tables for passenger automobiles for which the § 168(k) additional first year depreciation deduction does not apply, either because taxpayer (1) purchased the passenger automobile used; (2) did not use the passenger automobile during 2011 more than 50 percent for business purposes; (3) elected out of the § 168(k) additional first year depreciation deduction pursuant to § 168(k)(2)(D)(iii); or (4) elected to increase the § 53 AMT credit limitation in lieu of claiming § 168(k) additional first year depreciation. 1040ez calculator . 1040ez calculator 04 Section 280F(c) requires a reduction in the deduction allowed to the lessee of a leased passenger automobile. 1040ez calculator The reduction must be substantially equivalent to the limitations on the depreciation deductions imposed on owners of passenger automobiles. 1040ez calculator Under § 1. 1040ez calculator 280F-7(a) of the Income Tax Regulations, this reduction requires a lessee to include in gross income an amount determined by applying a formula to the amount obtained from a table. 1040ez calculator One table applies to lessees of trucks and vans and another table applies to all other passenger automobiles. 1040ez calculator Each table shows inclusion amounts for a range of fair market values for each taxable year after the passenger automobile is first leased. 1040ez calculator SECTION 3. 1040ez calculator SCOPE . 1040ez calculator 01 The limitations on depreciation deductions in section 4. 1040ez calculator 01(2) of this revenue procedure apply to passenger automobiles (other than leased passenger automobiles) that are placed in service by the taxpayer in calendar year 2011, and continue to apply for each taxable year that the passenger automobile remains in service. 1040ez calculator . 1040ez calculator 02 The tables in section 4. 1040ez calculator 02 of this revenue procedure apply to leased passenger automobiles for which the lease term begins during calendar year 2011. 1040ez calculator Lessees of these passenger automobiles must use these tables to determine the inclusion amount for each taxable year during which the passenger automobile is leased. 1040ez calculator See Rev. 1040ez calculator Proc. 1040ez calculator 2006-18, 2006-1 C. 1040ez calculator B. 1040ez calculator 645, for passenger automobiles first leased during calendar year 2006; Rev. 1040ez calculator Proc. 1040ez calculator 2007-30, 2007-1 C. 1040ez calculator B. 1040ez calculator 1104, for passenger automobiles first leased during calendar year 2007; Rev. 1040ez calculator Proc. 1040ez calculator 2008-22, 2008-1 C. 1040ez calculator B. 1040ez calculator 658, for passenger automobiles first leased during calendar year 2008; Rev. 1040ez calculator Proc. 1040ez calculator 2009-24, 2009-1 C. 1040ez calculator B. 1040ez calculator 885, for passenger automobiles first leased during calendar year 2009; and Rev. 1040ez calculator Proc. 1040ez calculator 2010-18, 2010-1 C. 1040ez calculator B. 1040ez calculator 427, as amplified and modified by section 4. 1040ez calculator 03 of this revenue procedure, for passenger automobiles first leased during calendar year 2010. 1040ez calculator SECTION 4. 1040ez calculator APPLICATION . 1040ez calculator 01 Limitations on Depreciation Deductions for Certain Automobiles. 1040ez calculator (1) Amount of the inflation adjustment. 1040ez calculator (a) Passenger automobiles (other than trucks or vans). 1040ez calculator Under § 280F(d)(7)(B)(i), the automobile price inflation adjustment for any calendar year is the percentage (if any) by which the CPI automobile component for October of the preceding calendar year exceeds the CPI automobile component for October 1987. 1040ez calculator Section 280F(d)(7)(B)(ii) defines the term “CPI automobile component” as the automobile component of the Consumer Price Index for all Urban Consumers published by the Department of Labor. 1040ez calculator The new car component of the CPI was 115. 1040ez calculator 2 for October 1987 and 137. 1040ez calculator 880 for October 2010. 1040ez calculator The October 2010 index exceeded the October 1987 index by 22. 1040ez calculator 680. 1040ez calculator Therefore, the automobile price inflation adjustment for 2011 for passenger automobiles (other than trucks and vans) is 19. 1040ez calculator 69 percent (22. 1040ez calculator 680/115. 1040ez calculator 2 x 100%). 1040ez calculator The dollar limitations in § 280F(a) are multiplied by a factor of 0. 1040ez calculator 1969, and the resulting increases, after rounding to the nearest $100, are added to the 1988 limitations to give the depreciation limitations applicable to passenger automobiles (other than trucks and vans) for calendar year 2011. 1040ez calculator This adjustment applies to all passenger automobiles (other than trucks and vans) that are first placed in service in calendar year 2011. 1040ez calculator (b) Trucks and vans. 1040ez calculator To determine the dollar limitations for trucks and vans first placed in service during calendar year 2011, the Service uses the new truck component of the CPI instead of the new car component. 1040ez calculator The new truck component of the CPI was 112. 1040ez calculator 4 for October 1987 and 142. 1040ez calculator 556 for October 2010. 1040ez calculator The October 2010 index exceeded the October 1987 index by 30. 1040ez calculator 156. 1040ez calculator Therefore, the automobile price inflation adjustment for 2011 for trucks and vans is 26. 1040ez calculator 83 percent (30. 1040ez calculator 156/112. 1040ez calculator 4 x 100%). 1040ez calculator The dollar limitations in § 280F(a) are multiplied by a factor of 0. 1040ez calculator 2683, and the resulting increases, after rounding to the nearest $100, are added to the 1988 limitations to give the depreciation limitations for trucks and vans. 1040ez calculator This adjustment applies to all trucks and vans that are first placed in service in calendar year 2011. 1040ez calculator (2) Amount of the limitation. 1040ez calculator Tables 1 through 4 contain the dollar amount of the depreciation limitation for each taxable year for passenger automobiles a taxpayer places in service in calendar year 2011. 1040ez calculator Use Table 1 for a passenger automobile (other than a truck or van), and Table 2 for a truck or van, placed in service in calendar year 2011 for which the § 168(k) additional first year depreciation deduction applies. 1040ez calculator Use Table 3 for a passenger automobile (other than a truck or van), and Table 4 for a truck or van, placed in service in calendar year 2011 for which the § 168(k) additional first year depreciation deduction does not apply. 1040ez calculator The Service intends to issue additional guidance addressing the interaction between the 100 percent additional first year depreciation deduction and § 280F(a) for the taxable years subsequent to the first taxable year. 1040ez calculator REV. 1040ez calculator PROC. 1040ez calculator 2011-21 TABLE 1 DEPRECIATION LIMITATIONS FOR PASSENGER AUTOMOBILES (THAT ARE NOT TRUCKS OR VANS) PLACED IN SERVICE IN CALENDAR YEAR 2011 FOR WHICH THE § 168(k) ADDITIONAL FIRST YEAR DEPRECIATION DEDUCTION APPLIES Tax Year Amount 1st Tax Year $11,060 2nd Tax Year $4,900 3rd Tax Year $2,950 Each Succeeding Year $1,775 REV. 1040ez calculator PROC. 1040ez calculator 2011-21 TABLE 2 DEPRECIATION LIMITATIONS FOR TRUCKS AND VANS PLACED IN SERVICE IN CALENDAR YEAR 2011 FOR WHICH THE § 168(k) ADDITIONAL FIRST YEAR DEPRECIATION DEDUCTION APPLIES Tax Year Amount 1st Tax Year $11,260 2nd Tax Year $5,200 3rd Tax Year $3,150 Each Succeeding Year $1,875 REV. 1040ez calculator PROC. 1040ez calculator 2011-21 TABLE 3 DEPRECIATION LIMITATIONS FOR PASSENGER AUTOMOBILES (THAT ARE NOT TRUCKS OR VANS) PLACED IN SERVICE IN CALENDAR YEAR 2011 FOR WHICH THE § 168(k) ADDITIONAL FIRST YEAR DEPRECIATION DEDUCTION DOES NOT APPLY Tax Year Amount 1st Tax Year $3,060 2nd Tax Year $4,900 3rd Tax Year $2,950 Each Succeeding Year $1,775 REV. 1040ez calculator PROC. 1040ez calculator 2011-21 TABLE 4 DEPRECIATION LIMITATIONS FOR TRUCKS AND VANS PLACED IN SERVICE IN CALENDAR YEAR 2011 FOR WHICH THE § 168(k) ADDITIONAL FIRST YEAR DEPRECIATION DEDUCTION DOES NOT APPLY Tax Year Amount 1st Tax Year $3,260 2nd Tax Year $5,200 3rd Tax Year $3,150 Each Succeeding Year $1,875 . 1040ez calculator 02 Inclusions in Income of Lessees of Passenger Automobiles. 1040ez calculator A taxpayer must follow the procedures in § 1. 1040ez calculator 280F-7(a) for determining the inclusion amounts for passenger automobiles first leased in calendar year 2011. 1040ez calculator In applying these procedures, lessees of passenger automobiles other than trucks and vans should use Table 5 of this revenue procedure, while lessees of trucks and vans should use Table 6 of this revenue procedure. 1040ez calculator REV. 1040ez calculator PROC. 1040ez calculator 2011-21 TABLE 5 DOLLAR AMOUNTS FOR PASSENGER AUTOMOBILES (THAT ARE NOT TRUCKS OR VANS) WITH A LEASE TERM BEGINNING IN CALENDAR YEAR 2011 Fair Market Value of Passenger Automobile Tax Year During Lease Over Not Over 1st 2nd 3rd 4th 5th & later $18,500 $19,000 3 8 11 13 16 19,000 19,500 4 9 13 15 18 19,500 20,000 4 10 15 17 20 20,000 20,500 5 11 16 19 23 20,500 21,000 5 12 18 21 25 21,000 21,500 6 13 19 24 26 21,500 22,000 6 14 21 26 29 22,000 23,000 7 16 23 29 32 23,000 24,000 8 18 27 32 37 24,000 25,000 9 20 30 36 42 25,000 26,000 10 23 33 40 46 26,000 27,000 11 25 36 44 51 27,000 28,000 12 27 40 48 55 28,000 29,000 13 29 43 52 60 29,000 30,000 14 31 47 55 65 30,000 31,000 15 34 49 60 69 31,000 32,000 16 36 53 63 73 32,000 33,000 17 38 56 68 77 33,000 34,000 18 40 60 71 82 34,000 35,000 19 42 63 75 87 35,000 36,000 20 45 66 79 91 36,000 37,000 21 47 69 83 96 37,000 38,000 22 49 73 87 100 38,000 39,000 23 51 76 91 105 39,000 40,000 24 53 80 94 110 40,000 41,000 25 56 82 99 114 41,000 42,000 26 58 86 102 119 42,000 43,000 27 60 89 107 123 43,000 44,000 28 62 93 110 128 44,000 45,000 29 64 96 114 133 45,000 46,000 30 67 98 119 137 46,000 47,000 31 69 102 122 141 47,000 48,000 32 71 105 127 145 48,000 49,000 33 73 109 130 150 49,000 50,000 34 76 111 134 155 50,000 51,000 35 78 115 138 159 51,000 52,000 36 80 118 142 164 52,000 53,000 37 82 122 146 168 53,000 54,000 38 84 125 150 173 54,000 55,000 39 87 128 153 178 55,000 56,000 40 89 131 158 182 56,000 57,000 41 91 135 161 187 57,000 58,000 42 93 138 166 191 58,000 59,000 43 95 142 169 196 59,000 60,000 44 98 144 174 200 60,000 62,000 46 101 149 179 207 62,000 64,000 48 105 156 187 216 64,000 66,000 50 109 163 195 225 66,000 68,000 52 114 169 203 234 68,000 70,000 54 118 176 211 243 70,000 72,000 56 123 182 218 253 72,000 74,000 58 127 189 226 262 74,000 76,000 60 132 195 234 270 76,000 78,000 62 136 202 242 279 78,000 80,000 64 140 209 250 288 80,000 85,000 67 148 220 264 304 85,000 90,000 72 159 237 283 327 90,000 95,000 77 170 253 303 350 95,000 100,000 82 181 269 323 372 100,000 110,000 90 198 293 352 406 110,000 120,000 100 220 326 391 452 120,000 130,000 110 242 359 430 497 130,000 140,000 120 264 392 469 543 140,000 150,000 130 286 424 509 588 150,000 160,000 140 308 457 548 633 160,000 170,000 150 330 490 587 679 170,000 180,000 160 352 523 626 724 180,000 190,000 170 374 555 666 769 190,000 200,000 180 396 588 705 815 200,000 210,000 190 418 621 744 860 210,000 220,000 200 440 654 784 904 220,000 230,000 210 462 687 823 950 230,000 240,000 220 484 719 863 995 240,000 And up 230 506 752 902 1,040 REV. 1040ez calculator PROC. 1040ez calculator 2011-21 TABLE 6 DOLLAR AMOUNTS FOR TRUCKS AND VANS WITH A LEASE TERM BEGINNING IN CALENDAR YEAR 2011 Fair Market Value of Truck or Van Tax Year During Lease Over Not Over 1st 2nd 3rd 4th 5th & later $19,000 $19,500 3 7 9 12 13 19,500 20,000 3 8 11 14 15 20,000 20,500 4 9 13 15 18 20,500 21,000 4 10 15 17 20 21,000 21,500 5 11 16 20 22 21,500 22,000 5 12 18 22 24 22,000 23,000 6 14 20 24 29 23,000 24,000 7 16 24 28 32 24,000 25,000 8 18 27 32 37 25,000 26,000 9 20 31 36 41 26,000 27,000 10 23 33 40 46 27,000 28,000 11 25 37 43 51 28,000 29,000 12 27 40 48 55 29,000 30,000 13 29 43 52 60 30,000 31,000 14 31 47 56 64 31,000 32,000 15 34 49 60 69 32,000 33,000 16 36 53 63 74 33,000 34,000 17 38 56 68 78 34,000 35,000 18 40 60 71 83 35,000 36,000 19 43 62 76 87 36,000 37,000 20 45 66 79 92 37,000 38,000 21 47 69 83 97 38,000 39,000 22 49 73 87 101 39,000 40,000 23 51 76 91 105 40,000 41,000 24 54 79 95 109 41,000 42,000 25 56 82 99 114 42,000 43,000 26 58 86 103 118 43,000 44,000 27 60 89 107 123 44,000 45,000 28 62 93 110 128 45,000 46,000 29 65 95 115 132 46,000 47,000 30 67 99 118 137 47,000 48,000 31 69 102 123 141 48,000 49,000 32 71 106 126 146 49,000 50,000 33 73 109 130 151 50,000 51,000 34 76 112 134 155 51,000 52,000 35 78 115 138 160 52,000 53,000 36 80 118 143 164 53,000 54,000 37 82 122 146 169 54,000 55,000 38 84 125 150 173 55,000 56,000 39 87 128 154 177 56,000 57,000 40 89 131 158 182 57,000 58,000 41 91 135 162 186 58,000 59,000 42 93 138 166 191 59,000 60,000 43 95 142 169 196 60,000 62,000 45 99 146 175 203 62,000 64,000 47 103 153 183 212 64,000 66,000 49 107 160 191 221 66,000 68,000 51 112 166 199 229 68,000 70,000 53 116 173 206 239 70,000 72,000 55 121 179 214 248 72,000 74,000 57 125 186 222 257 74,000 76,000 59 129 192 231 266 76,000 78,000 61 134 198 239 275 78,000 80,000 63 138 205 246 285 80,000 85,000 66 146 217 260 300 85,000 90,000 71 157 233 280 322 90,000 95,000 76 168 250 299 345 95,000 100,000 81 179 266 319 368 100,000 110,000 89 196 290 348 402 110,000 120,000 99 218 323 387 447 120,000 130,000 109 240 355 427 493 130,000 140,000 119 262 388 466 538 140,000 150,000 129 284 421 505 583 150,000 160,000 139 306 454 544 629 160,000 170,000 149 328 487 583 674 170,000 180,000 159 350 519 623 719 180,000 190,000 169 372 552 662 765 190,000 200,000 179 394 585 701 810 200,000 210,000 189 416 618 740 856 210,000 220,000 199 438 651 779 901 220,000 230,000 209 460 683 819 946 230,000 240,000 219 482 716 858 992 240,000 And up 229 504 749 897 1,037 . 1040ez calculator 03 Revised Amounts for Passenger Automobiles Placed in Service During 2010. 1040ez calculator (1) Calculation of the Revised Amount. 1040ez calculator The revised depreciation limits provided in this section 4. 1040ez calculator 03 were calculated by increasing the existing limitations on the first year allowance in Rev. 1040ez calculator Proc. 1040ez calculator 2010-18 by $8,000 as provided in § 168(k)(2)(F)(i). 1040ez calculator (2) Amount of the Revised Limitation. 1040ez calculator For passenger automobiles (that are not trucks or vans) placed in service by the taxpayer in calendar year 2010 for which the § 168(k) additional first year depreciation deduction applies, Table 7 of this revenue procedure contains the revised dollar amount of the depreciation limitations for each taxable year. 1040ez calculator For trucks or vans placed in service by the taxpayer in calendar year 2010 for which the § 168(k) additional first year depreciation deduction applies, Table 8 of this revenue procedure contains the revised dollar amount of the depreciation limitations for each taxable year. 1040ez calculator If the § 168(k) additional first year depreciation deduction does not apply to a passenger automobile placed in service by the taxpayer in calendar year 2010, the depreciation limitations for each taxable year in Tables 1 and 2 of Rev. 1040ez calculator Proc. 1040ez calculator 2010-18 apply. 1040ez calculator REV. 1040ez calculator PROC. 1040ez calculator 2011-21 TABLE 7 DEPRECIATION LIMITATIONS FOR PASSENGER AUTOMOBILES (THAT ARE NOT TRUCKS OR VANS) PLACED IN SERVICE IN CALENDAR YEAR 2010 FOR WHICH THE § 168(k) ADDITIONAL FIRST YEAR DEPRECIATION DEDUCTION APPLIES Tax Year Amount 1st Tax Year $11,060 2nd Tax Year $4,900 3rd Tax Year $2,950 Each Succeeding Year $1,775 REV. 1040ez calculator PROC. 1040ez calculator 2011-21 TABLE 8 DEPRECIATION LIMITATIONS FOR TRUCKS AND VANS PLACED IN SERVICE IN CALENDAR YEAR 2010 FOR WHICH THE § 168(k) ADDITIONAL FIRST YEAR DEPRECIATION DEDUCTION APPLIES Tax Year Amount 1st Tax Year $11,160 2nd Tax Year $5,100 3rd Tax Year $3,050 Each Succeeding Year $1,875 (3) Modification to lease inclusion amounts for 2010. 1040ez calculator The lease inclusion amounts in Tables 3 and 4 of Rev. 1040ez calculator Proc. 1040ez calculator 2010-18 are modified by striking the first four lines of the inclusion amounts in each table. 1040ez calculator Consequently, Table 3 of Rev. 1040ez calculator Proc. 1040ez calculator 2010-18 applies to passenger automobiles (other than trucks and vans) that are first leased by the taxpayer in calendar year 2010 with a fair market value over $18,500, and Table 4 of Rev. 1040ez calculator Proc. 1040ez calculator 2010-18 applies to trucks and vans that are first leased by the taxpayer in calendar year 2010 with a fair market value over $19,000. 1040ez calculator SECTION 5. 1040ez calculator EFFECTIVE DATE This revenue procedure, with the exception of section 4. 1040ez calculator 03, applies to passenger automobiles that a taxpayer first places in service or first leases during calendar year 2011. 1040ez calculator Section 4. 1040ez calculator 03 of this revenue procedure applies to passenger automobiles that a taxpayer first places in service or first leases during calendar year 2010. 1040ez calculator SECTION 6. 1040ez calculator EFFECT ON OTHER DOCUMENTS Rev. 1040ez calculator Proc. 1040ez calculator 2010-18 is amplified and modified. 1040ez calculator SECTION 7. 1040ez calculator DRAFTING INFORMATION The principal author of this revenue procedure is Bernard P. 1040ez calculator Harvey of the Office of Associate Chief Counsel (Income Tax & Accounting). 1040ez calculator For further information regarding this revenue procedure, contact Mr. 1040ez calculator Harvey at (202) 622-4930 (not a toll-free call). 1040ez calculator Prev  Up  Next   Home   More Internal Revenue Bulletins