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1040ez Federal Tax Form

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1040ez Federal Tax Form

1040ez federal tax form 1. 1040ez federal tax form   Investment Income Table of Contents Topics - This chapter discusses: Useful Items - You may want to see: General InformationSSN for joint account. 1040ez federal tax form Custodian account for your child. 1040ez federal tax form Penalty for failure to supply SSN. 1040ez federal tax form Certification. 1040ez federal tax form Underreported interest and dividends. 1040ez federal tax form How to stop backup withholding due to underreporting. 1040ez federal tax form How to stop backup withholding due to an incorrect identification number. 1040ez federal tax form Reporting backup withholding. 1040ez federal tax form Nonresident aliens. 1040ez federal tax form Penalties. 1040ez federal tax form Savings account with parent as trustee. 1040ez federal tax form Interest IncomeInterest not reported on Form 1099-INT. 1040ez federal tax form Nominees. 1040ez federal tax form Incorrect amount. 1040ez federal tax form Information reporting requirement. 1040ez federal tax form Taxable Interest — General Below-Market Loans U. 1040ez federal tax form S. 1040ez federal tax form Savings Bonds U. 1040ez federal tax form S. 1040ez federal tax form Treasury Bills, Notes, and Bonds Bonds Sold Between Interest Dates Insurance State or Local Government Obligations Discount on Debt InstrumentsOriginal Issue Discount (OID) Market Discount Bonds Discount on Short-Term Obligations Election To Report All Interest as OID When To Report Interest IncomeConstructive receipt. 1040ez federal tax form How To Report Interest IncomeSchedule B (Form 1040A or 1040). 1040ez federal tax form Worksheet for savings bonds distributed from a retirement or profit-sharing plan. 1040ez federal tax form File Form 1099-INT with the IRS. 1040ez federal tax form Dividends and Other DistributionsDividends not reported on Form 1099-DIV. 1040ez federal tax form Nominees. 1040ez federal tax form Ordinary Dividends Capital Gain Distributions Nondividend Distributions Liquidating Distributions Distributions of Stock and Stock Rights Other Distributions How To Report Dividend IncomeElection. 1040ez federal tax form Independent contractor. 1040ez federal tax form Investment interest deducted. 1040ez federal tax form Exception 1. 1040ez federal tax form Exception 2. 1040ez federal tax form Undistributed capital gains. 1040ez federal tax form File Form 1099-DIV with the IRS. 1040ez federal tax form Stripped Preferred Stock REMICs, FASITs, and Other CDOsREMICs Collateralized Debt Obligations (CDOs) FASITs S CorporationsLimit on losses and deductions. 1040ez federal tax form Passive activity losses. 1040ez federal tax form Form 8582. 1040ez federal tax form Investment ClubsInvestments in name of member. 1040ez federal tax form Tax Treatment of the Club Topics - This chapter discusses: Interest Income , Discount on Debt Instruments , When To Report Interest Income , How To Report Interest Income , Dividends and Other Distributions , How To Report Dividend Income , Stripped Preferred Stock , Real estate mortgage investment conduits (REMICs), financial asset securitization investment trusts (FASITs), and other collateralized debt obligations (CDOs) , S Corporations , and Investment Clubs . 1040ez federal tax form Useful Items - You may want to see: Publication 525 Taxable and Nontaxable Income 537 Installment Sales 590 Individual Retirement Arrangements (IRAs) 925 Passive Activity and At-Risk Rules 1212 Guide to Original Issue Discount (OID) Instruments Form (and Instructions) Schedule B (Form 1040A or 1040) Interest and Ordinary Dividends Schedule D (Form 1040) Capital Gains and Losses 1040 U. 1040ez federal tax form S. 1040ez federal tax form Individual Income Tax Return 1040A U. 1040ez federal tax form S. 1040ez federal tax form Individual Income Tax Return 1040EZ Income Tax Return for Single and Joint Filers With No Dependents 1099 General Instructions for Certain Information Returns 2439 Notice to Shareholder of Undistributed Long-Term Capital Gains 3115 Application for Change in Accounting Method 6251 Alternative Minimum Tax — Individuals 8582 Passive Activity Loss Limitations 8615 Tax for Certain Children Who Have Unearned Income 8814 Parents' Election To Report Child's Interest and Dividends 8815 Exclusion of Interest From Series EE and I U. 1040ez federal tax form S. 1040ez federal tax form Savings Bonds Issued After 1989 8818 Optional Form To Record Redemption of Series EE and I U. 1040ez federal tax form S. 1040ez federal tax form Savings Bonds Issued After 1989 8824 Like-Kind Exchanges 8949 Sales and Other Dispositions of Capital Assets 8960 Net Investment Income Tax—Individuals, Estates, and Trusts See chapter 5, How To Get Tax Help , for information about getting these publications and forms. 1040ez federal tax form General Information A few items of general interest are covered here. 1040ez federal tax form Recordkeeping. 1040ez federal tax form You should keep a list showing sources and investment income amounts you receive during the year. 1040ez federal tax form Also keep the forms you receive showing your investment income (Forms 1099-INT, Interest Income, and 1099-DIV, Dividends and Distributions, for example) as an important part of your records. 1040ez federal tax form Net investment income tax (NIIT). 1040ez federal tax form   Beginning in 2013, you may be subject to the NIIT. 1040ez federal tax form The NIIT is a 3. 1040ez federal tax form 8% tax on the lesser of your net investment income or the amount of your modified adjusted gross income (MAGI) that is over a threshold amount based on your filing status. 1040ez federal tax form    Filing Status Threshold Amount Married filing jointly $250,000 Married filing separately $125,000 Single $200,000 Head of household (with qualifying person) $200,000 Qualifying Widow(er) with dependent child $250,000    For more information, see Form 8960 and Instructions for Form 8960. 1040ez federal tax form Tax on unearned income of certain children. 1040ez federal tax form   Part of a child's 2013 unearned income may be taxed at the parent's tax rate. 1040ez federal tax form This may happen if all of the following are true. 1040ez federal tax form The child had more than $2,000 of unearned income. 1040ez federal tax form The child is required to file a tax return. 1040ez federal tax form The child was: Under age 18 at the end of 2013, Age 18 at the end of 2013 and did not have earned income that was more than half of the child's support, or A full-time student over age 18 and under age 24 at the end of 2013 and did not have earned income that was more than half of the child's support. 1040ez federal tax form At least one of the child's parents was alive at the end of 2013. 1040ez federal tax form The child does not file a joint return for 2013. 1040ez federal tax form A child born on January 1, 1996, is considered to be age 18 at the end of 2013; a child born on January 1, 1995, is considered to be age 19 at the end of 2013; a child born on January 1, 1990, is considered to be age 24 at the end of 2013. 1040ez federal tax form   If all of these statements are true, Form 8615 must be completed and attached to the child's tax return. 1040ez federal tax form If any of these statements is not true, Form 8615 is not required and the child's income is taxed at his or her own tax rate. 1040ez federal tax form    However, the parent can choose to include the child's interest and dividends on the parent's return if certain requirements are met. 1040ez federal tax form Use Form 8814 for this purpose. 1040ez federal tax form   For more information about the tax on unearned income of children and the parents' election, see Publication 929, Tax Rules for Children and Dependents. 1040ez federal tax form Beneficiary of an estate or trust. 1040ez federal tax form   Interest, dividends, and other investment income you receive as a beneficiary of an estate or trust is generally taxable income. 1040ez federal tax form You should receive a Schedule K-1 (Form 1041), Beneficiary's Share of Income, Deductions, Credits, etc. 1040ez federal tax form , from the fiduciary. 1040ez federal tax form Your copy of Schedule K-1 (Form 1041) and its instructions will tell you where to report the income on your Form 1040. 1040ez federal tax form Social security number (SSN). 1040ez federal tax form   You must give your name and SSN or individual tax identification number (ITIN) to any person required by federal tax law to make a return, statement, or other document that relates to you. 1040ez federal tax form This includes payers of interest and dividends. 1040ez federal tax form If you do not give your SSN or ITIN to the payer of interest, you may have to pay a penalty. 1040ez federal tax form SSN for joint account. 1040ez federal tax form   If the funds in a joint account belong to one person, list that person's name first on the account and give that person's SSN to the payer. 1040ez federal tax form (For information on who owns the funds in a joint account, see Joint accounts , later. 1040ez federal tax form ) If the joint account contains combined funds, give the SSN of the person whose name is listed first on the account. 1040ez federal tax form This is because only one name and SSN can be shown on Form 1099. 1040ez federal tax form   These rules apply both to joint ownership by a married couple and to joint ownership by other individuals. 1040ez federal tax form For example, if you open a joint savings account with your child using funds belonging to the child, list the child's name first on the account and give the child's SSN. 1040ez federal tax form Custodian account for your child. 1040ez federal tax form   If your child is the actual owner of an account that is recorded in your name as custodian for the child, give the child's SSN to the payer. 1040ez federal tax form For example, you must give your child's SSN to the payer of dividends on stock owned by your child, even though the dividends are paid to you as custodian. 1040ez federal tax form Penalty for failure to supply SSN. 1040ez federal tax form   You will be subject to a penalty if, when required, you fail to: Include your SSN on any return, statement, or other document, Give your SSN to another person who must include it on any return, statement, or other document, or Include the SSN of another person on any return, statement, or other document. 1040ez federal tax form The penalty is $50 for each failure up to a maximum penalty of $100,000 for any calendar year. 1040ez federal tax form   You will not be subject to this penalty if you can show that your failure to provide the SSN was due to reasonable cause and not to willful neglect. 1040ez federal tax form   If you fail to supply an SSN, you may also be subject to backup withholding. 1040ez federal tax form Backup withholding. 1040ez federal tax form   Your investment income is generally not subject to regular withholding. 1040ez federal tax form However, it may be subject to backup withholding to ensure that income tax is collected on the income. 1040ez federal tax form Under backup withholding, the bank, broker, or other payer of interest, original issue discount (OID), dividends, cash patronage dividends, or royalties must withhold, as income tax, on the amount you are paid, applying the appropriate withholding rate. 1040ez federal tax form   Backup withholding applies if: You do not give the payer your identification number (either a social security number or an employer identification number) in the required manner, The IRS notifies the payer that you gave an incorrect identification number, The IRS notifies the payer that you are subject to backup withholding on interest or dividends because you have underreported interest or dividends on your income tax return, or You are required, but fail, to certify that you are not subject to backup withholding for the reason described in (3). 1040ez federal tax form Certification. 1040ez federal tax form   For new accounts paying interest or dividends, you must certify under penalties of perjury that your SSN is correct and that you are not subject to backup withholding. 1040ez federal tax form Your payer will give you a Form W-9, Request for Taxpayer Identification Number and Certification, or similar form, to make this certification. 1040ez federal tax form If you fail to make this certification, backup withholding may begin immediately on your new account or investment. 1040ez federal tax form Underreported interest and dividends. 1040ez federal tax form   You will be considered to have underreported your interest and dividends if the IRS has determined for a tax year that: You failed to include any part of a reportable interest or dividend payment required to be shown on your return, or You were required to file a return and to include a reportable interest or dividend payment on that return, but you failed to file the return. 1040ez federal tax form How to stop backup withholding due to underreporting. 1040ez federal tax form   If you have been notified that you underreported interest or dividends, you can request a determination from the IRS to prevent backup withholding from starting or to stop backup withholding once it has begun. 1040ez federal tax form You must show that at least one of the following situations applies. 1040ez federal tax form No underreporting occurred. 1040ez federal tax form You have a bona fide dispute with the IRS about whether underreporting occurred. 1040ez federal tax form Backup withholding will cause or is causing an undue hardship, and it is unlikely that you will underreport interest and dividends in the future. 1040ez federal tax form You have corrected the underreporting by filing a return if you did not previously file one and by paying all taxes, penalties, and interest due for any underreported interest or dividend payments. 1040ez federal tax form   If the IRS determines that backup withholding should stop, it will provide you with a certification and will notify the payers who were sent notices earlier. 1040ez federal tax form How to stop backup withholding due to an incorrect identification number. 1040ez federal tax form   If you have been notified by a payer that you are subject to backup withholding because you have provided an incorrect SSN or employer identification number, you can stop it by following the instructions the payer gives you. 1040ez federal tax form Reporting backup withholding. 1040ez federal tax form   If backup withholding is deducted from your interest or dividend income or other reportable payment, the bank or other business must give you an information return for the year (for example, a Form 1099-INT) indicating the amount withheld. 1040ez federal tax form The information return will show any backup withholding as “Federal income tax withheld. 1040ez federal tax form ” Nonresident aliens. 1040ez federal tax form    Generally, payments made to nonresident aliens are not subject to backup withholding. 1040ez federal tax form You can use Form W-8BEN, Certificate of Foreign Status of Beneficial Owner for United States Tax Withholding, to certify exempt status. 1040ez federal tax form However, this does not exempt you from the 30% (or lower treaty) withholding rate that may apply to your investment income. 1040ez federal tax form For information on the 30% rate, see Publication 519, U. 1040ez federal tax form S. 1040ez federal tax form Tax Guide for Aliens. 1040ez federal tax form Penalties. 1040ez federal tax form   There are civil and criminal penalties for giving false information to avoid backup withholding. 1040ez federal tax form The civil penalty is $500. 1040ez federal tax form The criminal penalty, upon conviction, is a fine of up to $1,000, or imprisonment of up to 1 year, or both. 1040ez federal tax form Where to report investment income. 1040ez federal tax form   Table 1-1 gives an overview of the forms and schedules to use to report some common types of investment income. 1040ez federal tax form But see the rest of this publication for detailed information about reporting investment income. 1040ez federal tax form Joint accounts. 1040ez federal tax form   If two or more persons hold property (such as a savings account, bond, or stock) as joint tenants, tenants by the entirety, or tenants in common, each person's share of any interest or dividends from the property is determined by local law. 1040ez federal tax form Community property states. 1040ez federal tax form   If you are married and receive a distribution that is community income, one-half of the distribution is generally considered to be received by each spouse. 1040ez federal tax form If you file separate returns, you must each report one-half of any taxable distribution. 1040ez federal tax form See Publication 555, Community Property, for more information on community income. 1040ez federal tax form   If the distribution is not considered community property and you and your spouse file separate returns, each of you must report your separate taxable distributions. 1040ez federal tax form Example. 1040ez federal tax form You and your spouse have a joint money market account. 1040ez federal tax form Under state law, half the income from the account belongs to you, and half belongs to your spouse. 1040ez federal tax form If you file separate returns, you each report half the income. 1040ez federal tax form Income from property given to a child. 1040ez federal tax form   Property you give as a parent to your child under the Model Gifts of Securities to Minors Act, the Uniform Gifts to Minors Act, or any similar law becomes the child's property. 1040ez federal tax form   Income from the property is taxable to the child, except that any part used to satisfy a legal obligation to support the child is taxable to the parent or guardian having that legal obligation. 1040ez federal tax form Savings account with parent as trustee. 1040ez federal tax form   Interest income from a savings account opened for a minor child, but placed in the name and subject to the order of the parents as trustees, is taxable to the child if, under the law of the state in which the child resides, both of the following are true. 1040ez federal tax form The savings account legally belongs to the child. 1040ez federal tax form The parents are not legally permitted to use any of the funds to support the child. 1040ez federal tax form Table 1-1. 1040ez federal tax form Where To Report Common Types of Investment Income (For detailed information about reporting investment income, see the rest of this publication, especially How To Report Interest Income and How To Report Dividend Income in chapter 1. 1040ez federal tax form ) Type of Income If you file Form 1040, report on . 1040ez federal tax form . 1040ez federal tax form . 1040ez federal tax form If you can file Form 1040A, report on . 1040ez federal tax form . 1040ez federal tax form . 1040ez federal tax form If you can file Form 1040EZ, report on . 1040ez federal tax form . 1040ez federal tax form . 1040ez federal tax form Tax-exempt interest (Form 1099-INT, box 8) Line 8b Line 8b Space to the left of line 2 (enter “TEI” and the amount) Taxable interest that totals $1,500 or less Line 8a (You may need to file Schedule B as well. 1040ez federal tax form ) Line 8a (You may need to file Schedule B as well. 1040ez federal tax form ) Line 2 Taxable interest that totals more than $1,500 Line 8a; also use Schedule B, line 1 Line 8a; also use Schedule B, line 1   Savings bond interest you will exclude because of higher education expenses Schedule B; also use Form 8815 Schedule B; also use Form 8815   Ordinary dividends that total $1,500 or less Line 9a (You may need to file Schedule B as well. 1040ez federal tax form ) Line 9a (You may need to file Schedule B as well. 1040ez federal tax form )   Ordinary dividends that total more than $1,500 Line 9a; also use Schedule B, line 5 Line 9a; also use Schedule B, line 5   Qualified dividends (if you do not have to file Schedule D) Line 9b; also use the Qualified Dividends and Capital Gain Tax Worksheet, line 2 Line 9b; also use the Qualified Dividends and Capital Gain Tax Worksheet, line 2   Qualified dividends (if you have to file Schedule D) Line 9b; also use the Qualified Dividends and Capital Gain Tax Worksheet or the Schedule D Tax Worksheet, line 2 You cannot use Form 1040A    You cannot use Form 1040EZ Capital gain distributions (if you do not have to file Schedule D) Line 13; also use the Qualified Dividends and Capital Gain Tax Worksheet, line 3 Line 10; also use the Qualified Dividends and Capital Gain Tax Worksheet, line 3   Capital gain distributions (if you have to file Schedule D) Schedule D, line 13; also use the Qualified Dividends and Capital Gain Tax Worksheet or the Schedule D Tax Worksheet     Section 1250, 1202, or collectibles gain (Form 1099-DIV, box 2b, 2c, or 2d) Form 8949 and Schedule D     Nondividend distributions (Form 1099-DIV, box 3) Generally not reported*     Undistributed capital gains (Form 2439, boxes 1a - 1d) Schedule D     Gain or loss from sales of stocks or bonds Line 13; also use Form 8949, Schedule D, and the Qualified Dividends and Capital Gain Tax Worksheet or the Schedule D Tax Worksheet You cannot use Form 1040A   Gain or loss from exchanges of like-kind investment property Line 13; also use Schedule D, Form 8824, and the Qualified Dividends and Capital Gain Tax Worksheet or the Schedule D Tax Worksheet     *Report any amounts in excess of your basis in your mutual fund shares on Form 8949. 1040ez federal tax form Use Part II if you held the shares more than 1 year. 1040ez federal tax form Use Part I if you held your mutual fund shares 1 year or less. 1040ez federal tax form For details on Form 8949, see Reporting Capital Gains and Losses in chapter 4, and the Instructions for Form 8949. 1040ez federal tax form Accuracy-related penalty. 1040ez federal tax form   An accuracy-related penalty of 20% can be charged for underpayments of tax due to negligence or disregard of rules or regulations or substantial understatement of tax. 1040ez federal tax form For information on the penalty and any interest that applies, see Penalties in chapter 2. 1040ez federal tax form Interest Income This section discusses the tax treatment of different types of interest income. 1040ez federal tax form In general, any interest that you receive or that is credited to your account and can be withdrawn is taxable income. 1040ez federal tax form (It does not have to be entered in your passbook. 1040ez federal tax form ) Exceptions to this rule are discussed later. 1040ez federal tax form Form 1099-INT. 1040ez federal tax form   Interest income is generally reported to you on Form 1099-INT, or a similar statement, by banks, savings and loans, and other payers of interest. 1040ez federal tax form This form shows you the interest you received during the year. 1040ez federal tax form Keep this form for your records. 1040ez federal tax form You do not have to attach it to your tax return. 1040ez federal tax form   Report on your tax return the total interest income you receive for the tax year. 1040ez federal tax form Interest not reported on Form 1099-INT. 1040ez federal tax form   Even if you do not receive Form 1099-INT, you must still report all of your interest income. 1040ez federal tax form For example, you may receive distributive shares of interest from partnerships or S corporations. 1040ez federal tax form This interest is reported to you on Schedule K-1 (Form 1065), Partner's Share of Income, Deductions, Credits, etc. 1040ez federal tax form , and Schedule K-1 (Form 1120S), Shareholder's Share of Income, Deductions, Credits, etc. 1040ez federal tax form Nominees. 1040ez federal tax form   Generally, if someone receives interest as a nominee for you, that person must give you a Form 1099-INT showing the interest received on your behalf. 1040ez federal tax form   If you receive a Form 1099-INT that includes amounts belonging to another person, see the discussion on Nominee distributions , later, under How To Report Interest Income. 1040ez federal tax form Incorrect amount. 1040ez federal tax form   If you receive a Form 1099-INT that shows an incorrect amount (or other incorrect information), you should ask the issuer for a corrected form. 1040ez federal tax form The new Form 1099-INT you receive will be marked “Corrected. 1040ez federal tax form ” Form 1099-OID. 1040ez federal tax form   Reportable interest income also may be shown on Form 1099-OID, Original Issue Discount. 1040ez federal tax form For more information about amounts shown on this form, see Original Issue Discount (OID) , later in this chapter. 1040ez federal tax form Exempt-interest dividends. 1040ez federal tax form   Exempt-interest dividends you receive from a mutual fund or other regulated investment company, including those received from a qualified fund of funds in any tax year beginning after December 22, 2010, are not included in your taxable income. 1040ez federal tax form (However, see Information reporting requirement , next. 1040ez federal tax form ) Exempt-interest dividends should be shown in box 10 of Form 1099-DIV. 1040ez federal tax form You do not reduce your basis for distributions that are exempt-interest dividends. 1040ez federal tax form Information reporting requirement. 1040ez federal tax form   Although exempt-interest dividends are not taxable, you must show them on your tax return if you have to file. 1040ez federal tax form This is an information reporting requirement and does not change the exempt-interest dividends into taxable income. 1040ez federal tax form See How To Report Interest Income , later. 1040ez federal tax form Note. 1040ez federal tax form Exempt-interest dividends paid from specified private activity bonds may be subject to the alternative minimum tax. 1040ez federal tax form The exempt-interest dividends subject to the alternative minimum tax are shown in box 11 of Form 1099-DIV. 1040ez federal tax form See Form 6251 and its instructions for more information about this tax. 1040ez federal tax form Private activity bonds are discussed later under State or Local Government Obligations. 1040ez federal tax form Interest on VA dividends. 1040ez federal tax form   Interest on insurance dividends left on deposit with the Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) is not taxable. 1040ez federal tax form This includes interest paid on dividends on converted United States Government Life Insurance policies and on National Service Life Insurance policies. 1040ez federal tax form Individual retirement arrangements (IRAs). 1040ez federal tax form   Interest on a Roth IRA generally is not taxable. 1040ez federal tax form Interest on a traditional IRA is tax deferred. 1040ez federal tax form You generally do not include it in your income until you make withdrawals from the IRA. 1040ez federal tax form See Publication 590 for more information. 1040ez federal tax form Taxable Interest — General Taxable interest includes interest you receive from bank accounts, loans you make to others, and other sources. 1040ez federal tax form The following are some sources of taxable interest. 1040ez federal tax form Dividends that are actually interest. 1040ez federal tax form   Certain distributions commonly called dividends are actually interest. 1040ez federal tax form You must report as interest so-called “dividends” on deposits or on share accounts in: Cooperative banks, Credit unions, Domestic building and loan associations, Domestic savings and loan associations, Federal savings and loan associations, and Mutual savings banks. 1040ez federal tax form  The “dividends” will be shown as interest income on Form 1099-INT. 1040ez federal tax form Money market funds. 1040ez federal tax form   Money market funds are offered by nonbank financial institutions such as mutual funds and stock brokerage houses, and pay dividends. 1040ez federal tax form Generally, amounts you receive from money market funds should be reported as dividends, not as interest. 1040ez federal tax form Certificates of deposit and other deferred interest accounts. 1040ez federal tax form   If you open any of these accounts, interest may be paid at fixed intervals of 1 year or less during the term of the account. 1040ez federal tax form You generally must include this interest in your income when you actually receive it or are entitled to receive it without paying a substantial penalty. 1040ez federal tax form The same is true for accounts that mature in 1 year or less and pay interest in a single payment at maturity. 1040ez federal tax form If interest is deferred for more than 1 year, see Original Issue Discount (OID) , later. 1040ez federal tax form Interest subject to penalty for early withdrawal. 1040ez federal tax form   If you withdraw funds from a deferred interest account before maturity, you may have to pay a penalty. 1040ez federal tax form You must report the total amount of interest paid or credited to your account during the year, without subtracting the penalty. 1040ez federal tax form See Penalty on early withdrawal of savings under How To Report Interest Income, later, for more information on how to report the interest and deduct the penalty. 1040ez federal tax form Money borrowed to invest in certificate of deposit. 1040ez federal tax form   The interest you pay on money borrowed from a bank or savings institution to meet the minimum deposit required for a certificate of deposit from the institution and the interest you earn on the certificate are two separate items. 1040ez federal tax form You must report the total interest you earn on the certificate in your income. 1040ez federal tax form If you itemize deductions, you can deduct the interest you pay as investment interest, up to the amount of your net investment income. 1040ez federal tax form See Interest Expenses in chapter 3. 1040ez federal tax form Example. 1040ez federal tax form You deposited $5,000 with a bank and borrowed $5,000 from the bank to make up the $10,000 minimum deposit required to buy a 6-month certificate of deposit. 1040ez federal tax form The certificate earned $575 at maturity in 2013, but you received only $265, which represented the $575 you earned minus $310 interest charged on your $5,000 loan. 1040ez federal tax form The bank gives you a Form 1099-INT for 2013 showing the $575 interest you earned. 1040ez federal tax form The bank also gives you a statement showing that you paid $310 interest for 2013. 1040ez federal tax form You must include the $575 in your income. 1040ez federal tax form If you itemize your deductions on Schedule A (Form 1040), Itemized Deductions, you can deduct $310, subject to the net investment income limit. 1040ez federal tax form Gift for opening account. 1040ez federal tax form   If you receive noncash gifts or services for making deposits or for opening an account in a savings institution, you may have to report the value as interest. 1040ez federal tax form   For deposits of less than $5,000, gifts or services valued at more than $10 must be reported as interest. 1040ez federal tax form For deposits of $5,000 or more, gifts or services valued at more than $20 must be reported as interest. 1040ez federal tax form The value is determined by the cost to the financial institution. 1040ez federal tax form Example. 1040ez federal tax form You open a savings account at your local bank and deposit $800. 1040ez federal tax form The account earns $20 interest. 1040ez federal tax form You also receive a $15 calculator. 1040ez federal tax form If no other interest is credited to your account during the year, the Form 1099-INT you receive will show $35 interest for the year. 1040ez federal tax form You must report $35 interest income on your tax return. 1040ez federal tax form Interest on insurance dividends. 1040ez federal tax form   Interest on insurance dividends left on deposit with an insurance company that can be withdrawn annually is taxable to you in the year it is credited to your account. 1040ez federal tax form However, if you can withdraw it only on the anniversary date of the policy (or other specified date), the interest is taxable in the year that date occurs. 1040ez federal tax form Prepaid insurance premiums. 1040ez federal tax form   Any increase in the value of prepaid insurance premiums, advance premiums, or premium deposit funds is interest if it is applied to the payment of premiums due on insurance policies or made available for you to withdraw. 1040ez federal tax form U. 1040ez federal tax form S. 1040ez federal tax form obligations. 1040ez federal tax form   Interest on U. 1040ez federal tax form S. 1040ez federal tax form obligations, such as U. 1040ez federal tax form S. 1040ez federal tax form Treasury bills, notes, and bonds, issued by any agency or instrumentality of the United States is taxable for federal income tax purposes. 1040ez federal tax form Interest on tax refunds. 1040ez federal tax form   Interest you receive on tax refunds is taxable income. 1040ez federal tax form Interest on condemnation award. 1040ez federal tax form   If the condemning authority pays you interest to compensate you for a delay in payment of an award, the interest is taxable. 1040ez federal tax form Installment sale payments. 1040ez federal tax form   If a contract for the sale or exchange of property provides for deferred payments, it also usually provides for interest payable with the deferred payments. 1040ez federal tax form That interest is taxable when you receive it. 1040ez federal tax form If little or no interest is provided for in a deferred payment contract, part of each payment may be treated as interest. 1040ez federal tax form See Unstated Interest and Original Issue Discount (OID) in Publication 537. 1040ez federal tax form Interest on annuity contract. 1040ez federal tax form   Accumulated interest on an annuity contract you sell before its maturity date is taxable. 1040ez federal tax form Usurious interest. 1040ez federal tax form   Usurious interest is interest charged at an illegal rate. 1040ez federal tax form This is taxable as interest unless state law automatically changes it to a payment on the principal. 1040ez federal tax form Interest income on frozen deposits. 1040ez federal tax form   Exclude from your gross income interest on frozen deposits. 1040ez federal tax form A deposit is frozen if, at the end of the year, you cannot withdraw any part of the deposit because: The financial institution is bankrupt or insolvent, or The state in which the institution is located has placed limits on withdrawals because other financial institutions in the state are bankrupt or insolvent. 1040ez federal tax form   The amount of interest you must exclude is the interest that was credited on the frozen deposits minus the sum of: The net amount you withdrew from these deposits during the year, and The amount you could have withdrawn as of the end of the year (not reduced by any penalty for premature withdrawals of a time deposit). 1040ez federal tax form If you receive a Form 1099-INT for interest income on deposits that were frozen at the end of 2013, see Frozen deposits under How To Report Interest Income for information about reporting this interest income exclusion on your tax return. 1040ez federal tax form   The interest you exclude is treated as credited to your account in the following year. 1040ez federal tax form You must include it in income in the year you can withdraw it. 1040ez federal tax form Example. 1040ez federal tax form $100 of interest was credited on your frozen deposit during the year. 1040ez federal tax form You withdrew $80 but could not withdraw any more as of the end of the year. 1040ez federal tax form You must include $80 in your income and exclude $20 from your income for the year. 1040ez federal tax form You must include the $20 in your income for the year you can withdraw it. 1040ez federal tax form Bonds traded flat. 1040ez federal tax form    If you buy a bond at a discount when interest has been defaulted or when the interest has accrued but has not been paid, the transaction is described as trading a bond flat. 1040ez federal tax form The defaulted or unpaid interest is not income and is not taxable as interest if paid later. 1040ez federal tax form When you receive a payment of that interest, it is a return of capital that reduces the remaining cost basis of your bond. 1040ez federal tax form Interest that accrues after the date of purchase, however, is taxable interest income for the year received or accrued. 1040ez federal tax form See Bonds Sold Between Interest Dates , later in this chapter. 1040ez federal tax form Below-Market Loans If you make a below-market gift or demand loan, you must report as interest income any forgone interest (defined later) from that loan. 1040ez federal tax form The below-market loan rules and exceptions are described in this section. 1040ez federal tax form For more information, see section 7872 of the Internal Revenue Code and its regulations. 1040ez federal tax form If you receive a below-market loan, you may be able to deduct the forgone interest as well as any interest you actually paid, but not if it is personal interest. 1040ez federal tax form Loans subject to the rules. 1040ez federal tax form   The rules for below-market loans apply to: Gift loans, Pay-related loans, Corporation-shareholder loans, Tax avoidance loans, and Certain loans made to qualified continuing care facilities under a continuing care contract. 1040ez federal tax form A pay-related loan is any below-market loan between an employer and an employee or between an independent contractor and a person for whom the contractor provides services. 1040ez federal tax form A tax avoidance loan is any below-market loan where the avoidance of federal tax is one of the main purposes of the interest arrangement. 1040ez federal tax form Forgone interest. 1040ez federal tax form   For any period, forgone interest is: The amount of interest that would be payable for that period if interest accrued on the loan at the applicable federal rate and was payable annually on December 31, minus Any interest actually payable on the loan for the period. 1040ez federal tax form Applicable federal rate. 1040ez federal tax form   Applicable federal rates are published by the IRS each month in the Internal Revenue Bulletin. 1040ez federal tax form Some IRS offices have these bulletins available for research. 1040ez federal tax form See chapter 5, How To Get Tax Help , for other ways to get this information. 1040ez federal tax form Rules for below-market loans. 1040ez federal tax form   The rules that apply to a below-market loan depend on whether the loan is a gift loan, demand loan, or term loan. 1040ez federal tax form Gift and demand loans. 1040ez federal tax form   A gift loan is any below-market loan where the forgone interest is in the nature of a gift. 1040ez federal tax form   A demand loan is a loan payable in full at any time upon demand by the lender. 1040ez federal tax form A demand loan is a below-market loan if no interest is charged or if interest is charged at a rate below the applicable federal rate. 1040ez federal tax form   A demand loan or gift loan that is a below-market loan is generally treated as an arm's-length transaction in which the lender is treated as having made: A loan to the borrower in exchange for a note that requires the payment of interest at the applicable federal rate, and An additional payment to the borrower in an amount equal to the forgone interest. 1040ez federal tax form The borrower is generally treated as transferring the additional payment back to the lender as interest. 1040ez federal tax form The lender must report that amount as interest income. 1040ez federal tax form   The lender's additional payment to the borrower is treated as a gift, dividend, contribution to capital, pay for services, or other payment, depending on the substance of the transaction. 1040ez federal tax form The borrower may have to report this payment as taxable income, depending on its classification. 1040ez federal tax form These transfers are considered to occur annually, generally on December 31. 1040ez federal tax form Term loans. 1040ez federal tax form   A term loan is any loan that is not a demand loan. 1040ez federal tax form A term loan is a below-market loan if the amount of the loan is more than the present value of all payments due under the loan. 1040ez federal tax form   A lender who makes a below-market term loan other than a gift loan is treated as transferring an additional lump-sum cash payment to the borrower (as a dividend, contribution to capital, etc. 1040ez federal tax form ) on the date the loan is made. 1040ez federal tax form The amount of this payment is the amount of the loan minus the present value, at the applicable federal rate, of all payments due under the loan. 1040ez federal tax form An equal amount is treated as original issue discount (OID). 1040ez federal tax form The lender must report the annual part of the OID as interest income. 1040ez federal tax form The borrower may be able to deduct the OID as interest expense. 1040ez federal tax form See Original Issue Discount (OID) , later. 1040ez federal tax form Exceptions to the below-market loan rules. 1040ez federal tax form   Exceptions to the below-market loan rules are discussed here. 1040ez federal tax form Exception for loans of $10,000 or less. 1040ez federal tax form   The rules for below-market loans do not apply to any day on which the total outstanding amount of loans between the borrower and lender is $10,000 or less. 1040ez federal tax form This exception applies only to: Gift loans between individuals if the gift loan is not directly used to buy or carry income-producing assets, and Pay-related loans or corporation-shareholder loans if the avoidance of federal tax is not a principal purpose of the interest arrangement. 1040ez federal tax form This exception does not apply to a term loan described in (2) earlier that previously has been subject to the below-market loan rules. 1040ez federal tax form Those rules will continue to apply even if the outstanding balance is reduced to $10,000 or less. 1040ez federal tax form Exception for loans to continuing care facilities. 1040ez federal tax form   Loans to qualified continuing care facilities under continuing care contracts are not subject to the rules for below-market loans for the calendar year if the lender or the lender's spouse is age 62 or older at the end of the year. 1040ez federal tax form For the definitions of qualified continuing care facility and continuing care contract, see Internal Revenue Code section 7872(h). 1040ez federal tax form Exception for loans without significant tax effect. 1040ez federal tax form   Loans are excluded from the below-market loan rules if their interest arrangements do not have a significant effect on the federal tax liability of the borrower or the lender. 1040ez federal tax form These loans include: Loans made available by the lender to the general public on the same terms and conditions that are consistent with the lender's customary business practice; Loans subsidized by a federal, state, or municipal government that are made available under a program of general application to the public; Certain employee-relocation loans; Certain loans from a foreign person, unless the interest income would be effectively connected with the conduct of a U. 1040ez federal tax form S. 1040ez federal tax form trade or business and would not be exempt from U. 1040ez federal tax form S. 1040ez federal tax form tax under an income tax treaty; Gift loans to a charitable organization, contributions to which are deductible, if the total outstanding amount of loans between the organization and lender is $250,000 or less at all times during the tax year; and Other loans on which the interest arrangement can be shown to have no significant effect on the federal tax liability of the lender or the borrower. 1040ez federal tax form For a loan described in (6) above, all the facts and circumstances are used to determine if the interest arrangement has a significant effect on the federal tax liability of the lender or borrower. 1040ez federal tax form Some factors to be considered are: Whether items of income and deduction generated by the loan offset each other; The amount of these items; The cost to you of complying with the below-market loan rules, if they were to apply; and Any reasons other than taxes for structuring the transaction as a below-market loan. 1040ez federal tax form If you structure a transaction to meet this exception and one of the principal purposes of that structure is the avoidance of federal tax, the loan will be considered a tax-avoidance loan, and this exception will not apply. 1040ez federal tax form Limit on forgone interest for gift loans of $100,000 or less. 1040ez federal tax form   For gift loans between individuals, if the outstanding loans between the lender and borrower total $100,000 or less, the forgone interest to be included in income by the lender and deducted by the borrower is limited to the amount of the borrower's net investment income for the year. 1040ez federal tax form If the borrower's net investment income is $1,000 or less, it is treated as zero. 1040ez federal tax form This limit does not apply to a loan if the avoidance of federal tax is one of the main purposes of the interest arrangement. 1040ez federal tax form Effective dates. 1040ez federal tax form    These rules apply to term loans made after June 6, 1984, and to demand loans outstanding after that date. 1040ez federal tax form U. 1040ez federal tax form S. 1040ez federal tax form Savings Bonds This section provides tax information on U. 1040ez federal tax form S. 1040ez federal tax form savings bonds. 1040ez federal tax form It explains how to report the interest income on these bonds and how to treat transfers of these bonds. 1040ez federal tax form U. 1040ez federal tax form S. 1040ez federal tax form savings bonds currently offered to individuals include Series EE bonds and Series I bonds. 1040ez federal tax form For other information on U. 1040ez federal tax form S. 1040ez federal tax form savings bonds, write to:  For Series HH/H: Bureau of the Fiscal Service Division of Customer Assistance P. 1040ez federal tax form O. 1040ez federal tax form Box 2186 Parkersburg, WV 26106-2186  For Series EE and I paper savings bonds: Bureau of the Fiscal Service Division of Customer Assistance P. 1040ez federal tax form O. 1040ez federal tax form Box 7012 Parkersburg, WV 26106-7012  For Series EE and I electronic bonds: Bureau of the Fiscal Service  Division of Customer Assistance P. 1040ez federal tax form O. 1040ez federal tax form Box 7015 Parkersburg, WV 26106-7015 Or, on the Internet, visit: www. 1040ez federal tax form treasurydirect. 1040ez federal tax form gov/indiv/indiv. 1040ez federal tax form htm. 1040ez federal tax form Accrual method taxpayers. 1040ez federal tax form   If you use an accrual method of accounting, you must report interest on U. 1040ez federal tax form S. 1040ez federal tax form savings bonds each year as it accrues. 1040ez federal tax form You cannot postpone reporting interest until you receive it or until the bonds mature. 1040ez federal tax form Cash method taxpayers. 1040ez federal tax form   If you use the cash method of accounting, as most individual taxpayers do, you generally report the interest on U. 1040ez federal tax form S. 1040ez federal tax form savings bonds when you receive it. 1040ez federal tax form But see Reporting options for cash method taxpayers , later. 1040ez federal tax form Series HH bonds. 1040ez federal tax form   These bonds were issued at face value. 1040ez federal tax form Interest is paid twice a year by direct deposit to your bank account. 1040ez federal tax form If you are a cash method taxpayer, you must report interest on these bonds as income in the year you receive it. 1040ez federal tax form   Series HH bonds were first offered in 1980 and last offered in August 2004. 1040ez federal tax form Before 1980, series H bonds were issued. 1040ez federal tax form Series H bonds are treated the same as series HH bonds. 1040ez federal tax form If you are a cash method taxpayer, you must report the interest when you receive it. 1040ez federal tax form   Series H bonds have a maturity period of 30 years. 1040ez federal tax form Series HH bonds mature in 20 years. 1040ez federal tax form The last series H bonds matured in 2009. 1040ez federal tax form The last series HH bonds will mature in 2024. 1040ez federal tax form Series EE and series I bonds. 1040ez federal tax form   Interest on these bonds is payable when you redeem the bonds. 1040ez federal tax form The difference between the purchase price and the redemption value is taxable interest. 1040ez federal tax form Series EE bonds. 1040ez federal tax form   Series EE bonds were first offered in January 1980 and have a maturity period of 30 years. 1040ez federal tax form Before July 1980, series E bonds were issued. 1040ez federal tax form The original 10-year maturity period of series E bonds has been extended to 40 years for bonds issued before December 1965 and 30 years for bonds issued after November 1965. 1040ez federal tax form Paper series EE and series E bonds are issued at a discount. 1040ez federal tax form The face value is payable to you at maturity. 1040ez federal tax form Electronic series EE bonds are issued at their face value. 1040ez federal tax form The face value plus accrued interest is payable to you at maturity. 1040ez federal tax form As of January 1, 2012, paper savings bonds were no longer sold at financial institutions. 1040ez federal tax form    Owners of paper series EE bonds can convert them to electronic bonds. 1040ez federal tax form These converted bonds do not retain the denomination listed on the paper certificate but are posted at their purchase price (with accrued interest). 1040ez federal tax form Series I bonds. 1040ez federal tax form   Series I bonds were first offered in 1998. 1040ez federal tax form These are inflation-indexed bonds issued at their face amount with a maturity period of 30 years. 1040ez federal tax form The face value plus all accrued interest is payable to you at maturity. 1040ez federal tax form Reporting options for cash method taxpayers. 1040ez federal tax form   If you use the cash method of reporting income, you can report the interest on series EE, series E, and series I bonds in either of the following ways. 1040ez federal tax form Method 1. 1040ez federal tax form Postpone reporting the interest until the earlier of the year you cash or dispose of the bonds or the year in which they mature. 1040ez federal tax form (However, see Savings bonds traded , later. 1040ez federal tax form )  Note. 1040ez federal tax form Series EE bonds issued in 1983 matured in 2013. 1040ez federal tax form If you have used method 1, you generally must report the interest on these bonds on your 2013 return. 1040ez federal tax form The last series E bonds were issued in 1980 and matured in 2010. 1040ez federal tax form If you used method 1, you generally should have reported the interest on these bonds on your 2010 return. 1040ez federal tax form Method 2. 1040ez federal tax form Choose to report the increase in redemption value as interest each year. 1040ez federal tax form  You must use the same method for all series EE, series E, and series I bonds you own. 1040ez federal tax form If you do not choose method 2 by reporting the increase in redemption value as interest each year, you must use method 1. 1040ez federal tax form If you plan to cash your bonds in the same year you will pay for higher educational expenses, you may want to use method 1 because you may be able to exclude the interest from your income. 1040ez federal tax form To learn how, see Education Savings Bond Program, later. 1040ez federal tax form Change from method 1. 1040ez federal tax form   If you want to change your method of reporting the interest from method 1 to method 2, you can do so without permission from the IRS. 1040ez federal tax form In the year of change, you must report all interest accrued to date and not previously reported for all your bonds. 1040ez federal tax form   Once you choose to report the interest each year, you must continue to do so for all series EE, series E, and series I bonds you own and for any you get later, unless you request permission to change, as explained next. 1040ez federal tax form Change from method 2. 1040ez federal tax form   To change from method 2 to method 1, you must request permission from the IRS. 1040ez federal tax form Permission for the change is automatically granted if you send the IRS a statement that meets all the following requirements. 1040ez federal tax form You have typed or printed the following number at the top: “131. 1040ez federal tax form ” It includes your name and social security number under “131. 1040ez federal tax form ” It includes the year of change (both the beginning and ending dates). 1040ez federal tax form It identifies the savings bonds for which you are requesting this change. 1040ez federal tax form It includes your agreement to: Report all interest on any bonds acquired during or after the year of change when the interest is realized upon disposition, redemption, or final maturity, whichever is earliest; and Report all interest on the bonds acquired before the year of change when the interest is realized upon disposition, redemption, or final maturity, whichever is earliest, with the exception of the interest reported in prior tax years. 1040ez federal tax form   You must attach this statement to your tax return for the year of change, which you must file by the due date (including extensions). 1040ez federal tax form   You can have an automatic extension of 6 months from the due date of your return for the year of change (excluding extensions) to file the statement with an amended return. 1040ez federal tax form On the statement, type or print “Filed pursuant to section 301. 1040ez federal tax form 9100-2. 1040ez federal tax form ” To get this extension, you must have filed your original return for the year of the change by the due date (including extensions). 1040ez federal tax form    By the date you file the original statement with your return, you must also send a signed copy to the address below. 1040ez federal tax form    Internal Revenue Service Attention: CC:IT&A (Automatic Rulings Branch) P. 1040ez federal tax form O. 1040ez federal tax form Box 7604 Benjamin Franklin Station Washington, DC 20044   If you use a private delivery service, send the signed copy to the address below. 1040ez federal tax form Internal Revenue Service Attention: CC:IT&A  (Automatic Rulings Branch) Room 5336 1111 Constitution Avenue, NW Washington, DC 20224    Instead of filing this statement, you can request permission to change from method 2 to method 1 by filing Form 3115. 1040ez federal tax form In that case, follow the form instructions for an automatic change. 1040ez federal tax form No user fee is required. 1040ez federal tax form Co-owners. 1040ez federal tax form   If a U. 1040ez federal tax form S. 1040ez federal tax form savings bond is issued in the names of co-owners, such as you and your child or you and your spouse, interest on the bond is generally taxable to the co-owner who bought the bond. 1040ez federal tax form One co-owner's funds used. 1040ez federal tax form   If you used your funds to buy the bond, you must pay the tax on the interest. 1040ez federal tax form This is true even if you let the other co-owner redeem the bond and keep all the proceeds. 1040ez federal tax form Under these circumstances, the co-owner who redeemed the bond will receive a Form 1099-INT at the time of redemption and must provide you with another Form 1099-INT showing the amount of interest from the bond taxable to you. 1040ez federal tax form The co-owner who redeemed the bond is a “nominee. 1040ez federal tax form ” See Nominee distributions under How To Report Interest Income, later, for more information about how a person who is a nominee reports interest income belonging to another person. 1040ez federal tax form Both co-owners' funds used. 1040ez federal tax form   If you and the other co-owner each contribute part of the bond's purchase price, the interest is generally taxable to each of you, in proportion to the amount each of you paid. 1040ez federal tax form Community property. 1040ez federal tax form   If you and your spouse live in a community property state and hold bonds as community property, one-half of the interest is considered received by each of you. 1040ez federal tax form If you file separate returns, each of you generally must report one-half of the bond interest. 1040ez federal tax form For more information about community property, see Publication 555. 1040ez federal tax form Table 1-2. 1040ez federal tax form   These rules are also shown in Table 1-2. 1040ez federal tax form Child as only owner. 1040ez federal tax form   Interest on U. 1040ez federal tax form S. 1040ez federal tax form savings bonds bought for and registered only in the name of your child is income to your child, even if you paid for the bonds and are named as beneficiary. 1040ez federal tax form If the bonds are series EE, series E, or series I bonds, the interest on the bonds is income to your child in the earlier of the year the bonds are cashed or disposed of or the year the bonds mature, unless your child chooses to report the interest income each year. 1040ez federal tax form Choice to report interest each year. 1040ez federal tax form   The choice to report the accrued interest each year can be made either by your child or by you for your child. 1040ez federal tax form This choice is made by filing an income tax return that shows all the interest earned to date, and by stating on the return that your child chooses to report the interest each year. 1040ez federal tax form Either you or your child should keep a copy of this return. 1040ez federal tax form   Unless your child is otherwise required to file a tax return for any year after making this choice, your child does not have to file a return only to report the annual accrual of U. 1040ez federal tax form S. 1040ez federal tax form savings bond interest under this choice. 1040ez federal tax form However, see Tax on unearned income of certain children , earlier, under General Information. 1040ez federal tax form Neither you nor your child can change the way you report the interest unless you request permission from the IRS, as discussed earlier under Change from method 2 . 1040ez federal tax form Ownership transferred. 1040ez federal tax form   If you bought series E, series EE, or series I bonds entirely with your own funds and had them reissued in your co-owner's name or beneficiary's name alone, you must include in your gross income for the year of reissue all interest that you earned on these bonds and have not previously reported. 1040ez federal tax form But, if the bonds were reissued in your name alone, you do not have to report the interest accrued at that time. 1040ez federal tax form   This same rule applies when bonds (other than bonds held as community property) are transferred between spouses or incident to divorce. 1040ez federal tax form Example. 1040ez federal tax form You bought series EE bonds entirely with your own funds. 1040ez federal tax form You did not choose to report the accrued interest each year. 1040ez federal tax form Later, you transfer the bonds to your former spouse under a divorce agreement. 1040ez federal tax form You must include the deferred accrued interest, from the date of the original issue of the bonds to the date of transfer, in your income in the year of transfer. 1040ez federal tax form Your former spouse includes in income the interest on the bonds from the date of transfer to the date of redemption. 1040ez federal tax form Table 1-2. 1040ez federal tax form Who Pays the Tax on U. 1040ez federal tax form S. 1040ez federal tax form Savings Bond Interest IF . 1040ez federal tax form . 1040ez federal tax form . 1040ez federal tax form THEN the interest must be reported by . 1040ez federal tax form . 1040ez federal tax form . 1040ez federal tax form you buy a bond in your name and the name of another person as co-owners, using only your own funds you. 1040ez federal tax form you buy a bond in the name of another person, who is the sole owner of the bond the person for whom you bought the bond. 1040ez federal tax form you and another person buy a bond as co-owners, each contributing part of the purchase price both you and the other co-owner, in proportion to the amount each paid for the bond. 1040ez federal tax form you and your spouse, who live in a community property state, buy a bond that is community property you and your spouse. 1040ez federal tax form If you file separate returns, both you and your spouse generally report one-half of the interest. 1040ez federal tax form Purchased jointly. 1040ez federal tax form   If you and a co-owner each contributed funds to buy series E, series EE, or series I bonds jointly and later have the bonds reissued in the co-owner's name alone, you must include in your gross income for the year of reissue your share of all the interest earned on the bonds that you have not previously reported. 1040ez federal tax form The former co-owner does not have to include in gross income at the time of reissue his or her share of the interest earned that was not reported before the transfer. 1040ez federal tax form This interest, however, as well as all interest earned after the reissue, is income to the former co-owner. 1040ez federal tax form   This income-reporting rule also applies when the bonds are reissued in the name of your former co-owner and a new co-owner. 1040ez federal tax form But the new co-owner will report only his or her share of the interest earned after the transfer. 1040ez federal tax form   If bonds that you and a co-owner bought jointly are reissued to each of you separately in the same proportion as your contribution to the purchase price, neither you nor your co-owner has to report at that time the interest earned before the bonds were reissued. 1040ez federal tax form Example 1. 1040ez federal tax form You and your spouse each spent an equal amount to buy a $1,000 series EE savings bond. 1040ez federal tax form The bond was issued to you and your spouse as co-owners. 1040ez federal tax form You both postpone reporting interest on the bond. 1040ez federal tax form You later have the bond reissued as two $500 bonds, one in your name and one in your spouse's name. 1040ez federal tax form At that time neither you nor your spouse has to report the interest earned to the date of reissue. 1040ez federal tax form Example 2. 1040ez federal tax form You bought a $1,000 series EE savings bond entirely with your own funds. 1040ez federal tax form The bond was issued to you and your spouse as co-owners. 1040ez federal tax form You both postponed reporting interest on the bond. 1040ez federal tax form You later have the bond reissued as two $500 bonds, one in your name and one in your spouse's name. 1040ez federal tax form You must report half the interest earned to the date of reissue. 1040ez federal tax form Transfer to a trust. 1040ez federal tax form   If you own series E, series EE, or series I bonds and transfer them to a trust, giving up all rights of ownership, you must include in your income for that year the interest earned to the date of transfer if you have not already reported it. 1040ez federal tax form However, if you are considered the owner of the trust and if the increase in value both before and after the transfer continues to be taxable to you, you can continue to defer reporting the interest earned each year. 1040ez federal tax form You must include the total interest in your income in the year you cash or dispose of the bonds or the year the bonds finally mature, whichever is earlier. 1040ez federal tax form   The same rules apply to previously unreported interest on series EE or series E bonds if the transfer to a trust consisted of series HH or series H bonds you acquired in a trade for the series EE or series E bonds. 1040ez federal tax form See Savings bonds traded , later. 1040ez federal tax form Decedents. 1040ez federal tax form   The manner of reporting interest income on series E, series EE, or series I bonds, after the death of the owner (decedent), depends on the accounting and income-reporting methods previously used by the decedent. 1040ez federal tax form Decedent who reported interest each year. 1040ez federal tax form   If the bonds transferred because of death were owned by a person who used an accrual method, or who used the cash method and had chosen to report the interest each year, the interest earned in the year of death up to the date of death must be reported on that person's final return. 1040ez federal tax form The person who acquires the bonds includes in income only interest earned after the date of death. 1040ez federal tax form Decedent who postponed reporting interest. 1040ez federal tax form   If the transferred bonds were owned by a decedent who had used the cash method and had not chosen to report the interest each year, and who had bought the bonds entirely with his or her own funds, all interest earned before death must be reported in one of the following ways. 1040ez federal tax form The surviving spouse or personal representative (executor, administrator, etc. 1040ez federal tax form ) who files the final income tax return of the decedent can choose to include on that return all interest earned on the bonds before the decedent's death. 1040ez federal tax form The person who acquires the bonds then includes in income only interest earned after the date of death. 1040ez federal tax form If the choice in (1) is not made, the interest earned up to the date of death is income in respect of the decedent and should not be included in the decedent's final return. 1040ez federal tax form All interest earned both before and after the decedent's death (except any part reported by the estate on its income tax return) is income to the person who acquires the bonds. 1040ez federal tax form If that person uses the cash method and does not choose to report the interest each year, he or she can postpone reporting it until the year the bonds are cashed or disposed of or the year they mature, whichever is earlier. 1040ez federal tax form In the year that person reports the interest, he or she can claim a deduction for any federal estate tax paid on the part of the interest included in the decedent's estate. 1040ez federal tax form For more information on income in respect of a decedent, see Publication 559, Survivors, Executors, and Administrators. 1040ez federal tax form Example 1. 1040ez federal tax form Your uncle, a cash method taxpayer, died and left you a $1,000 series EE bond. 1040ez federal tax form He had bought the bond for $500 and had not chosen to report the interest each year. 1040ez federal tax form At the date of death, interest of $200 had accrued on the bond, and its value of $700 was included in your uncle's estate. 1040ez federal tax form Your uncle's executor chose not to include the $200 accrued interest in your uncle's final income tax return. 1040ez federal tax form The $200 is income in respect of the decedent. 1040ez federal tax form You are a cash method taxpayer and do not choose to report the interest each year as it is earned. 1040ez federal tax form If you cash the bond when it reaches maturity value of $1,000, you report $500 interest income—the difference between maturity value of $1,000 and the original cost of $500. 1040ez federal tax form For that year, you can deduct (as a miscellaneous itemized deduction not subject to the 2%-of-adjusted-gross-income limit) any federal estate tax paid because the $200 interest was included in your uncle's estate. 1040ez federal tax form Example 2. 1040ez federal tax form If, in Example 1 , the executor had chosen to include the $200 accrued interest in your uncle's final return, you would report only $300 as interest when you cashed the bond at maturity. 1040ez federal tax form $300 is the interest earned after your uncle's death. 1040ez federal tax form Example 3. 1040ez federal tax form If, in Example 1 , you make or have made the choice to report the increase in redemption value as interest each year, you include in gross income for the year you acquire the bond all of the unreported increase in value of all series E, series EE, and series I bonds you hold, including the $200 on the bond you inherited from your uncle. 1040ez federal tax form Example 4. 1040ez federal tax form When your aunt died, she owned series HH bonds that she had acquired in a trade for series EE bonds. 1040ez federal tax form You were the beneficiary of these bonds. 1040ez federal tax form Your aunt used the cash method and did not choose to report the interest on the series EE bonds each year as it accrued. 1040ez federal tax form Your aunt's executor chose not to include any interest earned before your aunt's death on her final return. 1040ez federal tax form The income in respect of the decedent is the sum of the unreported interest on the series EE bonds and the interest, if any, payable on the series HH bonds but not received as of the date of your aunt's death. 1040ez federal tax form You must report any interest received during the year as income on your return. 1040ez federal tax form The part of the interest payable but not received before your aunt's death is income in respect of the decedent and may qualify for the estate tax deduction. 1040ez federal tax form For information on when to report the interest on the series EE bonds traded, see Savings bonds traded , later. 1040ez federal tax form Savings bonds distributed from a retirement or profit-sharing plan. 1040ez federal tax form   If you acquire a U. 1040ez federal tax form S. 1040ez federal tax form savings bond in a taxable distribution from a retirement or profit-sharing plan, your income for the year of distribution includes the bond's redemption value (its cost plus the interest accrued before the distribution). 1040ez federal tax form When you redeem the bond (whether in the year of distribution or later), your interest income includes only the interest accrued after the bond was distributed. 1040ez federal tax form To figure the interest reported as a taxable distribution and your interest income when you redeem the bond, see Worksheet for savings bonds distributed from a retirement or profit-sharing plan under How To Report Interest Income, later. 1040ez federal tax form Savings bonds traded. 1040ez federal tax form   If you postponed reporting the interest on your series EE or series E bonds, you did not recognize taxable income when you traded the bonds for series HH or series H bonds, unless you received cash in the trade. 1040ez federal tax form (You cannot trade series I bonds for series HH bonds. 1040ez federal tax form After August 31, 2004, you cannot trade any other series of bonds for series HH bonds. 1040ez federal tax form ) Any cash you received is income up to the amount of the interest earned on the bonds traded. 1040ez federal tax form When your series HH or series H bonds mature, or if you dispose of them before maturity, you report as interest the difference between their redemption value and your cost. 1040ez federal tax form Your cost is the sum of the amount you paid for the traded series EE or series E bonds plus any amount you had to pay at the time of the trade. 1040ez federal tax form Example. 1040ez federal tax form You traded series EE bonds (on which you postponed reporting the interest) for $2,500 in series HH bonds and $223 in cash. 1040ez federal tax form You reported the $223 as taxable income on your tax return. 1040ez federal tax form At the time of the trade, the series EE bonds had accrued interest of $523 and a redemption value of $2,723. 1040ez federal tax form You hold the series HH bonds until maturity, when you receive $2,500. 1040ez federal tax form You must report $300 as interest income in the year of maturity. 1040ez federal tax form This is the difference between their redemption value, $2,500, and your cost, $2,200 (the amount you paid for the series EE bonds). 1040ez federal tax form (It is also the difference between the accrued interest of $523 on the series EE bonds and the $223 cash received on the trade. 1040ez federal tax form ) Choice to report interest in year of trade. 1040ez federal tax form   You could have chosen to treat all of the previously unreported accrued interest on series EE or series E bonds traded for series HH bonds as income in the year of the trade. 1040ez federal tax form If you made this choice, it is treated as a change from method 1. 1040ez federal tax form See Change from method 1 under Series EE and series I bonds, earlier. 1040ez federal tax form Form 1099-INT for U. 1040ez federal tax form S. 1040ez federal tax form savings bond interest. 1040ez federal tax form   When you cash a bond, the bank or other payer that redeems it must give you a Form 1099-INT if the interest part of the payment you receive is $10 or more. 1040ez federal tax form Box 3 of your Form 1099-INT should show the interest as the difference between the amount you received and the amount paid for the bond. 1040ez federal tax form However, your Form 1099-INT may show more interest than you have to include on your income tax return. 1040ez federal tax form For example, this may happen if any of the following are true. 1040ez federal tax form You chose to report the increase in the redemption value of the bond each year. 1040ez federal tax form The interest shown on your Form 1099-INT will not be reduced by amounts previously included in income. 1040ez federal tax form You received the bond from a decedent. 1040ez federal tax form The interest shown on your Form 1099-INT will not be reduced by any interest reported by the decedent before death, or on the decedent's final return, or by the estate on the estate's income tax return. 1040ez federal tax form Ownership of the bond was transferred. 1040ez federal tax form The interest shown on your Form 1099-INT will not be reduced by interest that accrued before the transfer. 1040ez federal tax form You were named as a co-owner, and the other co-owner contributed funds to buy the bond. 1040ez federal tax form The interest shown on your Form 1099-INT will not be reduced by the amount you received as nominee for the other co-owner. 1040ez federal tax form (See Co-owners , earlier in this section, for more information about the reporting requirements. 1040ez federal tax form ) You received the bond in a taxable distribution from a retirement or profit-sharing plan. 1040ez federal tax form The interest shown on your Form 1099-INT will not be reduced by the interest portion of the amount taxable as a distribution from the plan and not taxable as interest. 1040ez federal tax form (This amount is generally shown on Form 1099-R, Distributions From Pensions, Annuities, Retirement or Profit-Sharing Plans, IRAs, Insurance Contracts, etc. 1040ez federal tax form , for the year of distribution. 1040ez federal tax form )   For more information on including the correct amount of interest on your return, see U. 1040ez federal tax form S. 1040ez federal tax form savings bond interest previously reported or Nominee distributions under How To Report Interest Income, later. 1040ez federal tax form    Interest on U. 1040ez federal tax form S. 1040ez federal tax form savings bonds is exempt from state and local taxes. 1040ez federal tax form The Form 1099-INT you receive will indicate the amount that is for U. 1040ez federal tax form S. 1040ez federal tax form savings bonds interest in box 3. 1040ez federal tax form Do not include this income on your state or local income tax return. 1040ez federal tax form Education Savings Bond Program You may be able to exclude from income all or part of the interest you receive on the redemption of qualified U. 1040ez federal tax form S. 1040ez federal tax form savings bonds during the year if you pay qualified higher educational expenses during the same year. 1040ez federal tax form This exclusion is known as the Education Savings Bond Program. 1040ez federal tax form You do not qualify for this exclusion if your filing status is married filing separately. 1040ez federal tax form Form 8815. 1040ez federal tax form   Use Form 8815 to figure your exclusion. 1040ez federal tax form Attach the form to your Form 1040 or Form 1040A. 1040ez federal tax form Qualified U. 1040ez federal tax form S. 1040ez federal tax form savings bonds. 1040ez federal tax form   A qualified U. 1040ez federal tax form S. 1040ez federal tax form savings bond is a series EE bond issued after 1989 or a series I bond. 1040ez federal tax form The bond must be issued either in your name (sole owner) or in your and your spouse's names (co-owners). 1040ez federal tax form You must be at least 24 years old before the bond's issue date. 1040ez federal tax form For example, a bond bought by a parent and issued in the name of his or her child under age 24 does not qualify for the exclusion by the parent or child. 1040ez federal tax form    The issue date of a bond may be earlier than the date the bond is purchased because the issue date assigned to a bond is the first day of the month in which it is purchased. 1040ez federal tax form Beneficiary. 1040ez federal tax form   You can designate any individual (including a child) as a beneficiary of the bond. 1040ez federal tax form Verification by IRS. 1040ez federal tax form   If you claim the exclusion, the IRS will check it by using bond redemption information from the Department of Treasury. 1040ez federal tax form Qualified expenses. 1040ez federal tax form   Qualified higher educational expenses are tuition and fees required for you, your spouse, or your dependent (for whom you claim an exemption) to attend an eligible educational institution. 1040ez federal tax form   Qualified expenses include any contribution you make to a qualified tuition program or to a Coverdell education savings account. 1040ez federal tax form For information about these programs, see Publication 970, Tax Benefits for Education. 1040ez federal tax form   Qualified expenses do not include expenses for room and board or for courses involving sports, games, or hobbies that are not part of a degree or certificate granting program. 1040ez federal tax form Eligible educational institutions. 1040ez federal tax form   These institutions include most public, private, and nonprofit universities, colleges, and vocational schools that are accredited and eligible to participate in student aid programs run by the Department of Education. 1040ez federal tax form Reduction for certain benefits. 1040ez federal tax form   You must reduce your qualified higher educational expenses by all of the following tax-free benefits. 1040ez federal tax form Tax-free part of scholarships and fellowships. 1040ez federal tax form Expenses used to figure the tax-free portion of distributions from a Coverdell ESA. 1040ez federal tax form Expenses used to figure the tax-free portion of distributions from a qualified tuition program. 1040ez federal tax form Any tax-free payments (other than gifts or inheritances) received as educational assistance, such as: Veterans' educational assistance benefits, Qualified tuition reductions, or Employer-provided educational assistance. 1040ez federal tax form Any expense used in figuring the American Opportunity and lifetime learning credits. 1040ez federal tax form For information about these benefits, see Publication 970. 1040ez federal tax form Amount excludable. 1040ez federal tax form   If the total proceeds (interest and principal) from the qualified U. 1040ez federal tax form S. 1040ez federal tax form savings bonds you redeem during the year are not more than your adjusted qualified higher educational expenses for the year, you may be able to exclude all of the interest. 1040ez federal tax form If the proceeds are more than the expenses, you may be able to exclude only part of the interest. 1040ez federal tax form   To determine the excludable amount, multiply the interest part of the proceeds by a fraction. 1040ez federal tax form The numer
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Page Last Reviewed or Updated: 22-Apr-2013

The 1040ez Federal Tax Form

1040ez federal tax form 2. 1040ez federal tax form   Accounting Methods Table of Contents Introduction Topics - This chapter discusses: Useful Items - You may want to see: Accounting MethodsCash Method Accrual Method Farm Inventory Cash Versus Accrual Method Special Methods of Accounting Combination Method Changes in Methods of Accounting Introduction You must use an accounting method that clearly shows your income and expenses. 1040ez federal tax form You must also figure your taxable income and file an income tax return for an annual accounting period called a tax year. 1040ez federal tax form This chapter discusses accounting methods. 1040ez federal tax form For information on accounting periods, see Publication 538, Accounting Periods and Methods, and the Instructions for Form 1128, Application To Adopt, Change, or Retain a Tax Year. 1040ez federal tax form Topics - This chapter discusses: Cash method Accrual method Farm inventory Special methods of accounting Changes in methods of accounting Useful Items - You may want to see: Publication 538 Accounting Periods and Methods 535 Business Expenses Form (and Instructions) 1128 Application To Adopt, Change, or Retain a Tax Year 3115 Application for Change in Accounting Method See chapter 16 for information about getting publications and forms. 1040ez federal tax form Accounting Methods An accounting method is a set of rules used to determine when and how your income and expenses are reported on your tax return. 1040ez federal tax form Your accounting method includes not only your overall method of accounting, but also the accounting treatment you use for any material item. 1040ez federal tax form A material item is one that affects the proper time for inclusion of income or allowance of a deduction. 1040ez federal tax form An item considered material for financial statement purposes is generally also considered material for income tax purposes. 1040ez federal tax form See Publication 538 for more information. 1040ez federal tax form You generally choose an accounting method for your farm business when you file your first income tax return that includes a Schedule F (Form 1040), Profit or Loss From Farming. 1040ez federal tax form If you later want to change your accounting method, you generally must get IRS approval. 1040ez federal tax form How to obtain IRS approval is discussed later under Changes in Methods of Accounting . 1040ez federal tax form Types of accounting methods. 1040ez federal tax form   Generally, you can use any of the following accounting methods. 1040ez federal tax form Each method is discussed in detail below. 1040ez federal tax form Cash method. 1040ez federal tax form Accrual method. 1040ez federal tax form Special methods of accounting for certain items of income and expenses. 1040ez federal tax form Combination (hybrid) method using elements of two or more of the above. 1040ez federal tax form Business and other items. 1040ez federal tax form   You can account for business and personal items using different accounting methods. 1040ez federal tax form For example, you can figure your business income under an accrual method, even if you use the cash method to figure personal items. 1040ez federal tax form Two or more businesses. 1040ez federal tax form   If you operate two or more separate and distinct businesses, you can use a different accounting method for each business. 1040ez federal tax form Generally, no business is separate and distinct unless a complete and separate set of books and records is maintained for each business. 1040ez federal tax form Cash Method Most farmers use the cash method because they find it easier to keep records using the cash method. 1040ez federal tax form However, certain farm corporations and partnerships and all tax shelters must use an accrual method of accounting. 1040ez federal tax form See Accrual Method Required , later. 1040ez federal tax form Income Under the cash method, include in your gross income all items of income you actually or constructively received during the tax year. 1040ez federal tax form Items of income include money received as well as property or services received. 1040ez federal tax form If you receive property or services, you must include the fair market value (FMV) of the property or services in income. 1040ez federal tax form See chapter 3 for information on how to report farm income on your income tax return. 1040ez federal tax form Constructive receipt. 1040ez federal tax form   Income is constructively received when an amount is credited to your account or made available to you without restriction. 1040ez federal tax form You do not need to have possession of the income for it to be treated as income for the tax year. 1040ez federal tax form If you authorize someone to be your agent and receive income for you, you are considered to have received the income when your agent receives it. 1040ez federal tax form Income is not constructively received if your receipt of the income is subject to substantial restrictions or limitations. 1040ez federal tax form Direct payments and counter-cyclical payments. 1040ez federal tax form   If you received direct payments or counter-cyclical payments under Subtitle A or C of the Farm Security and Rural Investment Act of 2002, you will not be considered to have constructively received a payment merely because you had the option to receive it in the year before it is required to be paid. 1040ez federal tax form Delaying receipt of income. 1040ez federal tax form   You cannot hold checks or postpone taking possession of similar property from one tax year to another to avoid paying tax on the income. 1040ez federal tax form You must report the income in the year the money or property is received or made available to you without restriction. 1040ez federal tax form Example. 1040ez federal tax form Frances Jones, a farmer, was entitled to receive a $10,000 payment on a grain contract in December 2013. 1040ez federal tax form She was told in December that her payment was available. 1040ez federal tax form She requested not to be paid until January 2014. 1040ez federal tax form However, she must still include this payment in her 2013 income because it was made available to her in 2013. 1040ez federal tax form Debts paid by another person or canceled. 1040ez federal tax form   If your debts are paid by another person or are canceled by your creditors, you may have to report part or all of this debt relief as income. 1040ez federal tax form If you receive income in this way, you constructively receive the income when the debt is canceled or paid. 1040ez federal tax form See Cancellation of Debt in chapter 3. 1040ez federal tax form Deferred payment contract. 1040ez federal tax form   If you sell an item under a deferred payment contract that calls for payment in a future year, there is no constructive receipt in the year of sale. 1040ez federal tax form However, if the sales contract states that you have the right to the proceeds of the sale from the buyer at any time after delivery of the item, then you must include the sales price in income in the year of the sale, regardless of when you actually receive payment. 1040ez federal tax form Example. 1040ez federal tax form You are a farmer who uses the cash method and a calendar tax year. 1040ez federal tax form You sell grain in December 2013 under a bona fide arm's-length contract that calls for payment in 2014. 1040ez federal tax form You include the proceeds from the sale in your 2014 gross income since that is the year payment is received. 1040ez federal tax form However, if the contract states that you have the right to the proceeds from the buyer at any time after the grain is delivered, you must include the sales price in your 2013 income, regardless of when you actually receive payment. 1040ez federal tax form Repayment of income. 1040ez federal tax form   If you include an amount in income and in a later year you have to repay all or part of it, then you can usually deduct the repayment in the year repaid. 1040ez federal tax form If the repayment is more than $3,000, a special rule applies. 1040ez federal tax form For details, see Repayments in chapter 11 of Publication 535, Business Expenses. 1040ez federal tax form Expenses Under the cash method, generally you deduct expenses in the tax year you pay them. 1040ez federal tax form This includes business expenses for which you contest liability. 1040ez federal tax form However, you may not be able to deduct an expense paid in advance or you may be required to capitalize certain costs, as explained under Uniform Capitalization Rules in chapter 6. 1040ez federal tax form See chapter 4 for information on how to deduct farm business expenses on your income tax return. 1040ez federal tax form Prepayment. 1040ez federal tax form   Generally, you cannot deduct expenses paid in advance. 1040ez federal tax form This rule applies to any expense paid far enough in advance to, in effect, create an asset with a useful life extending substantially beyond the end of the current tax year. 1040ez federal tax form Example. 1040ez federal tax form On November 1, 2013, you signed and paid $3,600 for a 3-year (36-month) insurance contract for equipment. 1040ez federal tax form In 2013, you are allowed to deduct only $200 (2/36 x $3,600) of the cost of the policy that is attributable to 2013. 1040ez federal tax form In 2014, you'll be able to deduct $1,200 (12/36 x $3,600); in 2015, you'll be able to deduct $1,200 (12/36 x $3,600); and in 2016 you'll be able to deduct the remaining balance of $1,000. 1040ez federal tax form An exception applies if the expense qualifies for the 12-month rule. 1040ez federal tax form See Publication 538 for more information and examples. 1040ez federal tax form See chapter 4 for special rules for prepaid farm supplies and prepaid livestock feed. 1040ez federal tax form Accrual Method Under an accrual method of accounting, you generally report income in the year earned and deduct or capitalize expenses in the year incurred. 1040ez federal tax form The purpose of an accrual method of accounting is to correctly match income and expenses. 1040ez federal tax form Certain businesses engaged in farming must use an accrual method of accounting for its farm business and for sales and purchases of inventory items. 1040ez federal tax form See Accrual Method Required and Farm Inventory , later. 1040ez federal tax form Income Generally, you include an amount in income for the tax year in which all events that fix your right to receive the income have occurred, and you can determine the amount with reasonable accuracy. 1040ez federal tax form Under this rule, include an amount in income on the earliest of the following dates. 1040ez federal tax form When you receive payment. 1040ez federal tax form When the income amount is due to you. 1040ez federal tax form When you earn the income. 1040ez federal tax form When title passes. 1040ez federal tax form If you use an accrual method of accounting, complete Part III of Schedule F (Form 1040) to report your income. 1040ez federal tax form Inventory. 1040ez federal tax form   If you keep an inventory, generally you must use an accrual method of accounting to determine your gross income. 1040ez federal tax form An inventory is necessary to clearly show income when the production, purchase, or sale of merchandise is an income-producing factor. 1040ez federal tax form See Publication 538 for more information. 1040ez federal tax form Also see Farm Inventory , later, for more information on items that must be included in inventory by farmers and inventory valuation methods for farmers. 1040ez federal tax form Expenses Under an accrual method of accounting, you generally deduct or capitalize a business expense when both of the following apply. 1040ez federal tax form The all-events test has been met. 1040ez federal tax form This test is met when: All events have occurred that fix the fact that you have a liability, and The amount of the liability can be determined with reasonable accuracy. 1040ez federal tax form Economic performance has occurred. 1040ez federal tax form Economic performance. 1040ez federal tax form   Generally, you cannot deduct or capitalize a business expense until economic performance occurs. 1040ez federal tax form If your expense is for property or services provided to you, or for your use of property, economic performance occurs as the property or services are provided or as the property is used. 1040ez federal tax form If your expense is for property or services you provide to others, economic performance occurs as you provide the property or services. 1040ez federal tax form Example. 1040ez federal tax form Jane, who is a farmer, uses a calendar tax year and an accrual method of accounting. 1040ez federal tax form She entered into a contract with ABC Farm Consulting in 2012. 1040ez federal tax form The contract stated that Jane pay ABC Farm Consulting $2,000 in December 2012. 1040ez federal tax form It further stipulates that ABC Farm Consulting will develop a plan for integrating her farm with a larger farm operation based in a neighboring state by March 1, 2013. 1040ez federal tax form Jane paid ABC Farm Consulting $2,000 in December 2012. 1040ez federal tax form Integration of operations according to the plan began in May 2013 and they completed the integration in December 2013. 1040ez federal tax form Economic performance for Jane's liability in the contract occurs as the services are provided. 1040ez federal tax form Jane incurs the $2,000 cost in 2013. 1040ez federal tax form An exception to the economic performance rule allows certain recurring items to be treated as incurred during a tax year even though economic performance has not occurred. 1040ez federal tax form For more information, see Economic Performance in Publication 538. 1040ez federal tax form Special rule for related persons. 1040ez federal tax form   Business expenses and interest owed to a related person who uses the cash method of accounting are not deductible until you make the payment and the corresponding amount is includible in the related person's gross income. 1040ez federal tax form Determine the relationship for this rule as of the end of the tax year for which the expense or interest would otherwise be deductible. 1040ez federal tax form For more information, see Internal Revenue Code section 267. 1040ez federal tax form Accrual Method Required Generally, the following businesses, if engaged in farming, must use an accrual method of accounting. 1040ez federal tax form A corporation (other than a family corporation) that had gross receipts of more than $1,000,000 for any tax year beginning after 1975. 1040ez federal tax form A family corporation that had gross receipts of more than $25,000,000 for any tax year beginning after 1985. 1040ez federal tax form A partnership with a corporation as a partner, if that corporation meets the requirements of (1) or (2) above. 1040ez federal tax form A tax shelter. 1040ez federal tax form Note. 1040ez federal tax form Items (1), (2), and (3) above do not apply to an S corporation or a business operating a nursery or sod farm, or the raising or harvesting of trees (other than fruit and nut trees). 1040ez federal tax form Family corporation. 1040ez federal tax form   A family corporation is generally a corporation that meets one of the following ownership requirements. 1040ez federal tax form Members of the same family own at least 50% of the total combined voting power of all classes of stock entitled to vote and at least 50% of the total shares of all other classes of stock of the corporation. 1040ez federal tax form Members of two families have owned, directly or indirectly, since October 4, 1976, at least 65% of the total combined voting power of all classes of voting stock and at least 65% of the total shares of all other classes of the corporation's stock. 1040ez federal tax form Members of three families have owned, directly or indirectly, since October 4, 1976, at least 50% of the total combined voting power of all classes of voting stock and at least 50% of the total shares of all other classes of the corporation's stock. 1040ez federal tax form For more information on family corporations, see Internal Revenue Code section 447. 1040ez federal tax form Tax shelter. 1040ez federal tax form   A tax shelter is a partnership, noncorporate enterprise, or S corporation that meets either of the following tests. 1040ez federal tax form Its principal purpose is the avoidance or evasion of federal income tax. 1040ez federal tax form It is a farming syndicate. 1040ez federal tax form A farming syndicate is an entity that meets either of the following tests. 1040ez federal tax form Interests in the activity have been offered for sale in an offering required to be registered with a federal or state agency with the authority to regulate the offering of securities for sale. 1040ez federal tax form More than 35% of the losses during the tax year are allocable to limited partners or limited entrepreneurs. 1040ez federal tax form   A “limited partner” is one whose personal liability for partnership debts is limited to the money or other property the partner contributed or is required to contribute to the partnership. 1040ez federal tax form   A “limited entrepreneur” is one who has an interest in an enterprise other than as a limited partner and does not actively participate in the management of the enterprise. 1040ez federal tax form Farm Inventory If you are required to keep an inventory, you should keep a complete record of your inventory as part of your farm records. 1040ez federal tax form This record should show the actual count or measurement of the inventory. 1040ez federal tax form It should also show all factors that enter into its valuation, including quality and weight, if applicable. 1040ez federal tax form Hatchery business. 1040ez federal tax form   If you are in the hatchery business, and use an accrual method of accounting, you must include in inventory eggs in the process of incubation. 1040ez federal tax form Products held for sale. 1040ez federal tax form   All harvested and purchased farm products held for sale or for feed or seed, such as grain, hay, silage, concentrates, cotton, tobacco, etc. 1040ez federal tax form , must be included in inventory. 1040ez federal tax form Supplies. 1040ez federal tax form   Supplies acquired for sale or that become a physical part of items held for sale must be included in inventory. 1040ez federal tax form Deduct the cost of supplies in the year used or consumed in operations. 1040ez federal tax form Do not include incidental supplies in inventory as these are deductible in the year of purchase. 1040ez federal tax form Livestock. 1040ez federal tax form   Livestock held primarily for sale must be included in inventory. 1040ez federal tax form Livestock held for draft, breeding, or dairy purposes can either be depreciated or included in inventory. 1040ez federal tax form See also Unit-livestock-price method , later. 1040ez federal tax form If you are in the business of breeding and raising chinchillas, mink, foxes, or other fur-bearing animals, these animals are livestock for inventory purposes. 1040ez federal tax form Growing crops. 1040ez federal tax form   Generally, growing crops are not required to be included in inventory. 1040ez federal tax form However, if the crop has a preproductive period of more than 2 years, you may have to capitalize (or include in inventory) costs associated with the crop. 1040ez federal tax form See Uniform capitalization rules below. 1040ez federal tax form Also see Uniform Capitalization Rules in  chapter 6. 1040ez federal tax form Items to include in inventory. 1040ez federal tax form   Your inventory should include all items held for sale, or for use as feed, seed, etc. 1040ez federal tax form , whether raised or purchased, that are unsold at the end of the year. 1040ez federal tax form Uniform capitalization rules. 1040ez federal tax form   The following applies if you are required to use an accrual method of accounting. 1040ez federal tax form The uniform capitalization rules apply to all costs of raising a plant, even if the preproductive period of raising a plant is 2 years or less. 1040ez federal tax form The costs of animals are subject to the uniform capitalization rules. 1040ez federal tax form Inventory valuation methods. 1040ez federal tax form   The following methods, described below, are those generally available for valuing inventory. 1040ez federal tax form The method you use must conform to generally accepted accounting principles for similar businesses and must clearly reflect income. 1040ez federal tax form Cost. 1040ez federal tax form Lower of cost or market. 1040ez federal tax form Farm-price method. 1040ez federal tax form Unit-livestock-price method. 1040ez federal tax form Cost and lower of cost or market methods. 1040ez federal tax form   See Publication 538 for information on these valuation methods. 1040ez federal tax form If you value your livestock inventory at cost or the lower of cost or market, you do not need IRS approval to change to the unit-livestock-price method. 1040ez federal tax form However, if you value your livestock inventory using the farm-price method, then you must obtain permission from the IRS to change to the unit-livestock-price method. 1040ez federal tax form Farm-price method. 1040ez federal tax form   Under this method, each item, whether raised or purchased, is valued at its market price less the direct cost of disposition. 1040ez federal tax form Market price is the current price at the nearest market in the quantities you usually sell. 1040ez federal tax form Cost of disposition includes broker's commissions, freight, hauling to market, and other marketing costs. 1040ez federal tax form If you use this method, you must use it for your entire inventory, except that livestock can be inventoried under the unit-livestock-price method. 1040ez federal tax form Unit-livestock-price method. 1040ez federal tax form   This method recognizes the difficulty of establishing the exact costs of producing and raising each animal. 1040ez federal tax form You group or classify livestock according to type and age and use a standard unit price for each animal within a class or group. 1040ez federal tax form The unit price you assign should reasonably approximate the normal costs incurred in producing the animals in such classes. 1040ez federal tax form Unit prices and classifications are subject to approval by the IRS on examination of your return. 1040ez federal tax form You must annually reevaluate your unit livestock prices and adjust the prices upward or downward to reflect increases or decreases in the costs of raising livestock. 1040ez federal tax form IRS approval is not required for these adjustments. 1040ez federal tax form Any other changes in unit prices or classifications do require IRS approval. 1040ez federal tax form   If you use this method, include all raised livestock in inventory, regardless of whether they are held for sale or for draft, breeding, sport, or dairy purposes. 1040ez federal tax form This method accounts only for the increase in cost of raising an animal to maturity. 1040ez federal tax form It does not provide for any decrease in the animal's market value after it reaches maturity. 1040ez federal tax form Also, if you raise cattle, you are not required to inventory hay you grow to feed your herd. 1040ez federal tax form   Do not include sold or lost animals in the year-end inventory. 1040ez federal tax form If your records do not show which animals were sold or lost, treat the first animals acquired as sold or lost. 1040ez federal tax form The animals on hand at the end of the year are considered those most recently acquired. 1040ez federal tax form   You must include in inventory all livestock purchased primarily for sale. 1040ez federal tax form You can choose either to include in inventory or depreciate livestock purchased for draft, breeding, sport or dairy purposes. 1040ez federal tax form However, you must be consistent from year to year, regardless of the method you have chosen. 1040ez federal tax form You cannot change your method without obtaining approval from the IRS. 1040ez federal tax form   You must include in inventory animals purchased after maturity or capitalize them at their purchase price. 1040ez federal tax form If the animals are not mature at purchase, increase the cost at the end of each tax year according to the established unit price. 1040ez federal tax form However, in the year of purchase, do not increase the cost of any animal purchased during the last 6 months of the year. 1040ez federal tax form This “no increase” rule does not apply to tax shelters which must make an adjustment for any animal purchased during the year. 1040ez federal tax form It also does not apply to taxpayers that must make an adjustment to reasonably reflect the particular period in the year in which animals are purchased, if necessary to avoid significant distortions in income. 1040ez federal tax form Uniform capitalization rules. 1040ez federal tax form   A farmer can determine costs required to be allocated under the uniform capitalization rules by using the farm-price or unit-livestock-price inventory method. 1040ez federal tax form This applies to any plant or animal, even if the farmer does not hold or treat the plant or animal as inventory property. 1040ez federal tax form Cash Versus Accrual Method The following examples compare the cash and accrual methods of accounting. 1040ez federal tax form Example 1. 1040ez federal tax form You are a farmer who uses an accrual method of accounting. 1040ez federal tax form You keep your books on the calendar year basis. 1040ez federal tax form You sell grain in December 2013 but you are not paid until January 2014. 1040ez federal tax form Because the accrual method was used and 2013 was the tax year in which the grain was sold, you must both include the sales proceeds and deduct the costs incurred in producing the grain on your 2013 tax return. 1040ez federal tax form Example 2. 1040ez federal tax form Assume the same facts as in Example 1 except that you use the cash method and there was no constructive receipt of the sales proceeds in 2013. 1040ez federal tax form Under this method, you include the sales proceeds in income for 2014, the year you receive payment. 1040ez federal tax form Deduct the costs of producing the grain in the year you pay for them. 1040ez federal tax form Special Methods of Accounting There are special methods of accounting for certain items of income and expense. 1040ez federal tax form Crop method. 1040ez federal tax form   If you do not harvest and dispose of your crop in the same tax year that you plant it, you can, with IRS approval, use the crop method of accounting. 1040ez federal tax form You cannot use the crop method for any tax return, including your first tax return, unless you receive approval from the IRS. 1040ez federal tax form Under this method, you deduct the entire cost of producing the crop, including the expense of seed or young plants, in the year you realize income from the crop. 1040ez federal tax form    See chapter 4 for details on deducting the costs of operating a farm. 1040ez federal tax form Also see Regulations section 1. 1040ez federal tax form 162-12. 1040ez federal tax form Other special methods. 1040ez federal tax form   Other special methods of accounting apply to the following items. 1040ez federal tax form Amortization, see chapter 7. 1040ez federal tax form Casualties, see chapter 11. 1040ez federal tax form Condemnations, see chapter 11. 1040ez federal tax form Depletion, see chapter 7. 1040ez federal tax form Depreciation, see chapter 7. 1040ez federal tax form Farm business expenses, see chapter 4. 1040ez federal tax form Farm income, see chapter 3. 1040ez federal tax form Installment sales, see chapter 10. 1040ez federal tax form Soil and water conservation expenses, see chapter 5. 1040ez federal tax form Thefts, see chapter 11. 1040ez federal tax form Combination Method Generally, you can use any combination of cash, accrual, and special methods of accounting if the combination clearly shows your income and expenses and you use it consistently. 1040ez federal tax form However, the following restrictions apply. 1040ez federal tax form If you use the cash method for figuring your income, you must use the cash method for reporting your expenses. 1040ez federal tax form If you use an accrual method for reporting your expenses, you must use an accrual method for figuring your income. 1040ez federal tax form Changes in Methods of Accounting A change in your method of accounting includes a change in: Your overall method, such as from the cash method to an accrual method, and Your treatment of any material item, such as a change in your method of valuing inventory (for example, a change from the farm-price method to the unit-livestock-price method, discussed earlier). 1040ez federal tax form Generally, once you have set up your accounting method, you must receive approval from the IRS before you can change to another method of accounting. 1040ez federal tax form You may also have to pay a fee. 1040ez federal tax form To obtain approval, you must generally file Form 3115. 1040ez federal tax form There are instances when you can obtain automatic consent to change certain methods of accounting. 1040ez federal tax form See the List of Automatic Accounting Method Changes located in the Instructions for Form 3115. 1040ez federal tax form For more information on changes in methods of accounting, see Form 3115 and the Instructions for Form 3115. 1040ez federal tax form Also see Publication 538. 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