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2010 1040x

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2010 1040x

2010 1040x 4. 2010 1040x   Underpayment Penalty for 2013 Table of Contents Introduction Topics - This chapter discusses: Useful Items - You may want to see: General RuleFarmers and fishermen. 2010 1040x Higher income taxpayers. 2010 1040x Minimum required for higher income taxpayers. 2010 1040x Estate or trust payments of estimated tax. 2010 1040x Lowering or eliminating the penalty. 2010 1040x ExceptionsLess Than $1,000 Due No Tax Liability Last Year Figuring Your Required Annual Payment (Part I) Short Method for Figuring the Penalty (Part III) Regular Method for Figuring the Penalty (Part IV)Figuring Your Underpayment (Part IV, Section A) Worksheet for Form 2210, Part IV, Section B—Figuring the Penalty Annualized Income Installment Method (Schedule AI) Farmers and Fishermen Waiver of PenaltyFarmers and fishermen. 2010 1040x Introduction If you did not pay enough tax, either through withholding or by making timely estimated tax payments, you will have underpaid your estimated tax and may have to pay a penalty. 2010 1040x You may understand this chapter better if you can refer to a copy of your latest federal income tax return. 2010 1040x No penalty. 2010 1040x   Generally, you will not have to pay a penalty for 2013 if any of the following apply. 2010 1040x The total of your withholding and timely estimated tax payments was at least as much as your 2012 tax. 2010 1040x (See Special rules for certain individuals for higher income taxpayers and farmers and fishermen. 2010 1040x ) The tax balance due on your 2013 return is no more than 10% of your total 2013 tax, and you paid all required estimated tax payments on time. 2010 1040x Your total tax for 2013 (defined later) minus your withholding is less than $1,000. 2010 1040x You did not have a tax liability for 2012. 2010 1040x You did not have any withholding taxes and your current year tax (less any household employment taxes) is less than $1,000. 2010 1040x IRS can figure the penalty for you. 2010 1040x   If you think you owe the penalty, but you do not want to figure it yourself when you file your tax return, you may not have to. 2010 1040x Generally, the IRS will figure the penalty for you and send you a bill. 2010 1040x   You only need to figure your penalty in the following three situations. 2010 1040x You are requesting a waiver of part, but not all, of the penalty. 2010 1040x You are using the annualized income installment method to figure the penalty. 2010 1040x You are treating the federal income tax withheld from your income as paid on the dates actually withheld. 2010 1040x However, if these situations do not apply to you, and you think you can lower or eliminate your penalty, complete Form 2210 or Form 2210-F and attach it to your return. 2010 1040x See Form 2210 , later. 2010 1040x Topics - This chapter discusses: The general rule for the underpayment penalty, Special rules for certain individuals, Exceptions to the underpayment penalty, How to figure your underpayment and the amount of your penalty on Form 2210, and How to ask the IRS to waive the penalty. 2010 1040x Useful Items - You may want to see: Form (and Instructions) 2210 Underpayment of Estimated Tax by Individuals, Estates, and Trusts 2210-F Underpayment of Estimated Tax by Farmers and Fishermen See chapter 5 for information about getting these forms. 2010 1040x General Rule In general, you may owe a penalty for 2013 if the total of your withholding and timely estimated tax payments did not equal at least the smaller of: 90% of your 2013 tax, or 100% of your 2012 tax. 2010 1040x (Your 2012 tax return must cover a 12-month period. 2010 1040x ) Your 2013 tax, for this purpose, is defined under Total tax for 2013 , later. 2010 1040x Special rules for certain individuals. 2010 1040x   There are special rules for farmers and fishermen and certain higher income taxpayers. 2010 1040x Farmers and fishermen. 2010 1040x   If at least two-thirds of your gross income for 2012 or 2013 is from farming or fishing, substitute  662/3% for 90% in (1) above. 2010 1040x   See Farmers and Fishermen , later. 2010 1040x Higher income taxpayers. 2010 1040x   If your AGI for 2012 was more than $150,000 ($75,000 if your 2013 filing status is married filing a separate return), substitute 110% for 100% in (2) under General Rule . 2010 1040x This rule does not apply to farmers or fishermen. 2010 1040x   For 2012, AGI is the amount shown on Form 1040, line 37; Form 1040A, line 21; and Form 1040EZ, line 4. 2010 1040x Penalty figured separately for each period. 2010 1040x   Because the penalty is figured separately for each payment period, you may owe a penalty for an earlier payment period even if you later paid enough to make up the underpayment. 2010 1040x This is true even if you are due a refund when you file your income tax return. 2010 1040x Example. 2010 1040x You did not make estimated tax payments for 2013 because you thought you had enough tax withheld from your wages. 2010 1040x Early in January 2014, you made an estimate of your total 2013 tax. 2010 1040x Then you realized that your withholding was $2,000 less than the amount needed to avoid a penalty for underpayment of estimated tax. 2010 1040x On January 10, you made an estimated tax payment of $3,000, which is the difference between your withholding and your estimate of your total tax. 2010 1040x Your final return shows your total tax to be $50 less than your estimate, so you are due a refund. 2010 1040x You do not owe a penalty for your payment due January 15, 2014. 2010 1040x However, you may owe a penalty through January 10, 2014, the day you made the $3,000 payment, for your underpayments for the earlier payment periods. 2010 1040x Minimum required each period. 2010 1040x   You will owe a penalty for any 2013 payment period for which your estimated tax payment plus your withholding for the period and overpayments applied from previous periods was less than the smaller of: 22. 2010 1040x 5% of your 2013 tax, or 25% of your 2012 tax. 2010 1040x (Your 2012 tax return must cover a 12-month period. 2010 1040x ) Minimum required for higher income taxpayers. 2010 1040x   If you are subject to the rule for higher income taxpayers, discussed above, substitute 27. 2010 1040x 5% for 25% in (2) under General Rule . 2010 1040x When penalty is charged. 2010 1040x   If you miss a payment or you paid less than the minimum required in a period, you may be charged an underpayment penalty from the date the amount was due to the date the payment is made. 2010 1040x If a payment is mailed, the date of the U. 2010 1040x S. 2010 1040x postmark is considered the date of payment. 2010 1040x   If a payment is made electronically, the date the payment is shown on your payment account (checking, savings, etc. 2010 1040x ) is considered to be the date of payment. 2010 1040x Estate or trust payments of estimated tax. 2010 1040x   If you have estimated taxes credited to you from an estate or trust (Schedule K-1 (Form 1041)), treat the payment as made by you on January 15, 2014. 2010 1040x Amended returns. 2010 1040x    If you file an amended return by the due date of your original return, use the tax shown on your amended return to figure your required estimated tax payments. 2010 1040x If you file an amended return after the due date of the original return, use the tax shown on the original return. 2010 1040x   However, if you and your spouse file a joint return after the due date to replace separate returns you originally filed by the due date, use the tax shown on the joint return to figure your required estimated tax payments. 2010 1040x This rule applies only if both original separate returns were filed on time. 2010 1040x 2012 separate returns and 2013 joint return. 2010 1040x    If you file a joint return with your spouse for 2013, but you filed separate returns for 2012, your 2012 tax is the total of the tax shown on your separate returns. 2010 1040x You filed a separate return if you filed as single, head of household, or married filing separately. 2010 1040x 2012 joint return and 2013 separate returns. 2010 1040x    If you file a separate return for 2013, but you filed a joint return with your spouse for 2012, your 2012 tax is your share of the tax on the joint return. 2010 1040x You are filing a separate return if you file as single, head of household, or married filing separately. 2010 1040x   To figure your share of the taxes on a joint return, first figure the tax both you and your spouse would have paid had you filed separate returns for 2012 using the same filing status as for 2013. 2010 1040x Then multiply the tax on the joint return by the following fraction. 2010 1040x   The tax you would have paid had you filed a separate return   The total tax you and your spouse would have paid had you filed separate returns Example. 2010 1040x Lisa and Paul filed a joint return for 2012 showing taxable income of $49,000 and a tax of $6,484. 2010 1040x Of the $49,000 taxable income, $41,000 was Lisa's and the rest was Paul's. 2010 1040x For 2013, they file married filing separately. 2010 1040x Lisa figures her share of the tax on the 2012 joint return as follows. 2010 1040x 2012 tax on $41,000 based on a separate return $ 6,286 2012 tax on $8,000 based on a  separate return 803 Total $ 7,089 Lisa's percentage of total tax  ($6,286 ÷ $ 7,089) 88. 2010 1040x 67% Lisa's part of tax on joint return ($6,484 × 88. 2010 1040x 67%) $ 5,749 Form 2210. 2010 1040x   In most cases, you do not need to file Form 2210. 2010 1040x The IRS will figure the penalty for you and send you a bill. 2010 1040x If you want us to figure the penalty for you, leave the penalty line on your return blank. 2010 1040x Do not file Form 2210. 2010 1040x   To determine if you should file Form 2210, see Part II of Form 2210. 2010 1040x If you decide to figure your penalty, complete Part I, Part II, and either Part III or Part IV of the form and the Penalty Worksheet in the Instructions for Form 2210. 2010 1040x If you use Form 2210, you cannot file Form 1040EZ. 2010 1040x   On Form 1040, enter the amount of your penalty on line 77. 2010 1040x If you owe tax on line 76, add the penalty to your tax due and show your total payment on line 76. 2010 1040x If you are due a refund, subtract the penalty from the overpayment and enter the result on line 73. 2010 1040x   On Form 1040A, enter the amount of your penalty on line 46. 2010 1040x If you owe tax on line 45, add the penalty to your tax due and show your total payment on line 45. 2010 1040x If you are due a refund, subtract the penalty from the overpayment and enter the result on line 42. 2010 1040x Lowering or eliminating the penalty. 2010 1040x    You may be able to lower or eliminate your penalty if you file Form 2210. 2010 1040x You must file Form 2210 with your return if any of the following applies. 2010 1040x You request a waiver. 2010 1040x See Waiver of Penalty , later. 2010 1040x You use the annualized income installment method. 2010 1040x See the explanation of this method under Annualized Income Installment Method (Schedule AI) . 2010 1040x You use your actual withholding for each payment period for estimated tax purposes. 2010 1040x See Actual withholding method under Figuring Your Underpayment (Part IV, Section A). 2010 1040x You base any of your required installments on the tax shown on your 2012 return and you filed or are filing a joint return for either 2012 or 2013, but not for both years. 2010 1040x Exceptions Generally, you do not have to pay an underpayment penalty if either: Your total tax is less than $1,000, or You had no tax liability last year. 2010 1040x Less Than $1,000 Due You do not owe a penalty if the total tax shown on your return minus the amount you paid through withholding (including excess social security and tier 1 railroad retirement (RRTA) tax withholding) is less than $1,000. 2010 1040x Total tax for 2013. 2010 1040x   For 2013, your total tax on Form 1040 is the amount on line 61 reduced by the following. 2010 1040x    Unreported social security and Medicare tax or RRTA tax from Forms 4137 or 8919 (line 57). 2010 1040x Any tax included on line 58 for excess contributions to IRAs, Archer MSAs, Coverdell education savings accounts, and health savings accounts, or any tax on excess accumulations in qualified retirement plans. 2010 1040x The following write-ins on line 60: Uncollected social security and Medicare tax or RRTA tax on tips or group-term life insurance, Tax on excess golden parachute payments, Excise tax on insider stock compensation from an expatriated corporation, Look-back interest due under section 167(g), Look-back interest due under section 460(b), Recapture of federal mortgage subsidy, and Additional tax on advance payments of health coverage tax credit when not eligible. 2010 1040x Any refundable credit amounts listed on lines 64a, 65, 66, 70, and any credit from Form 8885 included on line 71. 2010 1040x   If you filed Form 1040A, your 2013 total tax is the amount on line 35 reduced by any refundable credits on lines 38a, 39, and 40. 2010 1040x   If you filed Form 1040EZ, your 2013 total tax is the amount on line 10 reduced by the amount on line 8a. 2010 1040x Note. 2010 1040x When figuring the amount on line 60, include household employment taxes only if you had federal income tax withheld from your income or you would owe the penalty even if you did not include those taxes. 2010 1040x Paid through withholding. 2010 1040x    For 2013, the amount you paid through withholding on Form 1040 is the amount on line 62 plus any excess social security or tier 1 RRTA tax withholding on line 69. 2010 1040x Add to that any write-in amount on line 72 identified as “Form 8689. 2010 1040x ” On Form 1040A, the amount you paid through withholding is the amount on line 36 plus any excess social security or tier 1 RRTA tax withholding included on line 41. 2010 1040x On Form 1040EZ, it is the amount on line 7. 2010 1040x No Tax Liability Last Year You do not owe a penalty if you had no tax liability last year and you were a U. 2010 1040x S. 2010 1040x citizen or resident for the whole year. 2010 1040x For this rule to apply, your tax year must have included all 12 months of the year. 2010 1040x You had no tax liability for 2012 if your total tax was zero or you were not required to file an income tax return. 2010 1040x Example. 2010 1040x Ray, who is single and 22 years old, was unemployed for a few months during 2012. 2010 1040x He earned $6,700 in wages before he was laid off, and he received $1,400 in unemployment compensation afterwards. 2010 1040x He had no other income. 2010 1040x Even though he had gross income of $8,100, he did not have to pay income tax because his gross income was less than the filing requirement for a single person under age 65 ($9,750 for 2012). 2010 1040x He filed a return only to have his withheld income tax refunded to him. 2010 1040x In 2013, Ray began regular work as an independent contractor. 2010 1040x Ray made no estimated tax payments in 2013. 2010 1040x Even though he did owe tax at the end of the year, Ray does not owe the underpayment penalty for 2013 because he had no tax liability in 2012. 2010 1040x Total tax for 2012. 2010 1040x   For 2012, your total tax on Form 1040 is the amount on line 61 reduced by the following. 2010 1040x    Unreported social security and Medicare tax or RRTA tax from Forms 4137 or 8919 (line 57). 2010 1040x Any tax included on line 58 for excess contributions to IRAs, Archer MSAs, Coverdell education savings accounts, and health savings accounts, or any tax on excess accumulations in qualified retirement plans. 2010 1040x The following write-ins on line 60: Uncollected social security and Medicare tax or RRTA tax on tips or group-term life insurance, Tax on excess golden parachute payments, Excise tax on insider stock compensation from an expatriated corporation, Look-back interest due under section 167(g), Look-back interest due under section 460(b), Recapture of federal mortgage subsidy, and Additional tax on advance payments of health coverage tax credit when not eligible. 2010 1040x Any refundable credit amounts listed on lines 64a, 65, 66, 70, and credits from Forms 8801 (line 27 only), and 8885 included on line 71. 2010 1040x   If you filed Form 1040A, your 2012 total tax is the amount on line 35 reduced by any refundable credits on lines 38a, 39, and 40. 2010 1040x   If you filed Form 1040EZ, your 2012 total tax is the amount on line 11 reduced by the amount on line 8a. 2010 1040x Figuring Your Required Annual Payment (Part I) Figure your required annual payment in Part I of Form 2210, following the line-by-line instructions. 2010 1040x If you rounded the entries on your tax return to whole dollars, you can round on Form 2210. 2010 1040x Example. 2010 1040x The tax on Lori Lane's 2012 return was $12,400. 2010 1040x Her AGI was not more than $150,000 for either 2012 or 2013. 2010 1040x The tax on her 2013 return (Form 1040, line 55) is $13,044. 2010 1040x Line 56 (self-employment tax) is $8,902. 2010 1040x Her 2013 total tax is $21,946. 2010 1040x For 2013, Lori had $1,600 income tax withheld and made four equal estimated tax payments ($1,000 each). 2010 1040x 90% of her 2013 tax is $19,751. 2010 1040x Because she paid less than her 2012 tax ($12,400) and less than 90% of her 2013 tax ($19,751), and does not meet an exception, Lori knows that she owes a penalty for underpayment of estimated tax. 2010 1040x The IRS will figure the penalty for Lori, but she decides to figure it herself on Form 2210 and pay it with her taxes when she files her tax return. 2010 1040x Lori's required annual payment is $12,400 (100% of 2012 tax) because that is smaller than 90% of her 2013 tax. 2010 1040x Different 2012 filing status. 2010 1040x    If you file a separate return for 2013, but you filed a joint return with your spouse for 2012, see 2012 joint return and 2013 separate returns , earlier, to figure the amount to enter as your 2012 tax on line 8 of Form 2210. 2010 1040x Short Method for Figuring the Penalty (Part III) You may be able to use the short method in Part III of Form 2210 to figure your penalty for underpayment of estimated tax. 2010 1040x If you qualify to use this method, it will result in the same penalty amount as the regular method. 2010 1040x However, either the annualized income installment method or the actual withholding method, explained later, may result in a smaller penalty. 2010 1040x You can use the short method only if you meet one of the following requirements. 2010 1040x You made no estimated tax payments for 2013 (it does not matter whether you had income tax withholding). 2010 1040x You paid the same amount of estimated tax on each of the four payment due dates. 2010 1040x If you do not meet either requirement, figure your penalty using the regular method in Part IV of Form 2210 and the Penalty Worksheet in the instructions. 2010 1040x Note. 2010 1040x If any payment was made before the due date, you can use the short method, but the penalty may be less if you use the regular method. 2010 1040x However, if the payment was only a few days early, the difference is likely to be small. 2010 1040x You cannot use the short method if any of the following apply. 2010 1040x You made any estimated tax payments late. 2010 1040x You checked box C or D in Part II of Form 2210. 2010 1040x You are filing Form 1040NR or 1040NR-EZ and you did not receive wages as an employee subject to U. 2010 1040x S. 2010 1040x income tax withholding. 2010 1040x If you use the short method, you cannot use the annualized income installment method to figure your underpayment for each payment period. 2010 1040x Also, you cannot use your actual withholding during each period to figure your payments for each period. 2010 1040x These methods, which may give you a smaller penalty amount, are explained under Figuring Your Underpayment (Part IV, Section A). 2010 1040x Complete Part III of Form 2210 following the line-by-line instructions in the Instructions for Form 2210. 2010 1040x Regular Method for Figuring the Penalty (Part IV) You can use the regular method in Part IV of Form 2210 to figure your penalty for underpayment of estimated tax if you paid one or more estimated tax payments earlier than the due date. 2010 1040x You must use the regular method in Part IV of Form 2210 to figure your penalty for underpayment of estimated tax if any of the following apply to you. 2010 1040x You paid one or more estimated tax payments on a date after the due date. 2010 1040x You paid at least one, but less than four, installments of estimated tax. 2010 1040x You paid estimated tax payments in un- equal amounts. 2010 1040x You use the annualized income installment method to figure your underpayment for each payment period. 2010 1040x You use your actual withholding during each payment period to figure your payments. 2010 1040x Under the regular method, figure your underpayment for each payment period in Section A, then figure your penalty using the Penalty Worksheet in the Instructions for Form 2210. 2010 1040x Enter the results on line 27 of Section B. 2010 1040x Figuring Your Underpayment (Part IV, Section A) Figure your underpayment of estimated tax for each payment period in Section A following the line-by-line instructions in the Instructions for Form 2210. 2010 1040x Complete lines 20 through 26 of the first column before going to line 20 of the next column. 2010 1040x Required installments—line 18. 2010 1040x   Your required payment for each payment period (line 18) is usually one-fourth of your required annual payment (Part I, line 9). 2010 1040x This method—the regular method—is the one to use if you received your income evenly throughout the year. 2010 1040x   However, if you did not receive your income evenly throughout the year, you may be able to lower or eliminate your penalty by figuring your underpayment using the annualized income installment method. 2010 1040x First complete Schedule AI (Form 2210), then enter the amounts from line 25 of that schedule on line 18 of Form 2210, Part IV. 2010 1040x See Annualized Income Installment Method (Schedule AI), later. 2010 1040x Payments made—line 19. 2010 1040x   Enter in each column the total of: Your estimated tax paid after the due date for the previous column and by the due date shown at the top of the column, and One-fourth of your withholding. 2010 1040x For special rules for figuring your payments, see Form 2210 instructions for line 19. 2010 1040x   If you file Form 1040, your withholding is the amount on line 62, plus any excess social security or tier 1 RRTA tax withholding on line 69. 2010 1040x If you file Form 1040A, your withholding is the amount on line 36 plus any excess social security or tier 1 RRTA tax withholding included in line 41. 2010 1040x Actual withholding method. 2010 1040x    Instead of using one-fourth of your withholding for each quarter, you can choose to use the amounts actually withheld by each due date. 2010 1040x You can make this choice separately for the tax withheld from your wages and for all other withholding. 2010 1040x This includes any excess social security and tier 1 RRTA tax withheld. 2010 1040x   Using your actual withholding may result in a smaller penalty if most of your withholding occurred early in the year. 2010 1040x   If you use your actual withholding, you must check box D in Form 2210, Part II. 2010 1040x Then complete Form 2210 using the regular method (Part IV) and file it with your return. 2010 1040x Worksheet for Form 2210, Part IV, Section B—Figuring the Penalty Figure the amount of your penalty for Section B using the Penalty Worksheet in the Form 2210 instructions. 2010 1040x The penalty is imposed on each underpayment amount shown on Form 2210, Section A, line 25, for the number of days that it remained unpaid. 2010 1040x For 2013, there are four rate periods—April 16 through June 30, July 1 through September 30, October 1 through December 31, and January 1, 2014 through April 15, 2014. 2010 1040x A 3% rate applies to all four periods. 2010 1040x Payments. 2010 1040x    Before completing the Penalty Worksheet, it may be helpful to make a list of the payments you made and income tax withheld after the due date (or the last day payments could be made on time) for the earliest payment period an underpayment occurred. 2010 1040x For example, if you had an underpayment for the first payment period, list your payments after April 15, 2013. 2010 1040x You can use the table in the Form 2210 instructions to make your list. 2010 1040x Follow those instructions for listing income tax withheld and payments made with your return. 2010 1040x Use the list to determine when each underpayment was paid. 2010 1040x   If you mail your estimated tax payments, use the date of the U. 2010 1040x S. 2010 1040x postmark as the date of payment. 2010 1040x Line 1b. 2010 1040x   Apply the payments listed to underpayment balance in the first column until it is fully paid. 2010 1040x Apply payments in the order made. 2010 1040x Figuring the penalty. 2010 1040x   If an underpayment was paid in two or more payments on different dates, you must figure the penalty separately for each payment. 2010 1040x On line 3 of the Penalty Worksheet enter the number of days between the due date (line 2) and the date of each payment on line 1b. 2010 1040x On line 4 figure the penalty for the amount of each payment applied on line 1b or the amount remaining unpaid. 2010 1040x If no payments are applied, figure the penalty on the amount on line 1a. 2010 1040x Aid for counting days. 2010 1040x    Table 4-1 provides a simple method for counting the number of days between a due date and a payment date. 2010 1040x Find the number for the date the payment was due by going across to the column of the month the payment was due and moving down the column to the due date. 2010 1040x In the same manner, find the number for the date the payment was made. 2010 1040x Subtract the due date “number” from the payment date “number. 2010 1040x ”   For example, if a payment was due on June 15 (61), but was not paid until September 1 (139), the payment was 78 (139 – 61) days late. 2010 1040x Table 4-1. 2010 1040x Calendar To Determine the Number of Days a Payment Is Late Instructions. 2010 1040x Use this table with Form 2210 if you are completing Part IV, Section B. 2010 1040x First, find the number for the payment due date by going across to the column of the month the payment was due and moving down the column to the due date. 2010 1040x Then, in the same manner, find the number for the date the payment was made. 2010 1040x Finally, subtract the due date number from the payment date number. 2010 1040x The result is the number of days the payment is late. 2010 1040x Example. 2010 1040x The payment due date is June 15 (61). 2010 1040x The payment was made on November 4 (203). 2010 1040x The payment is 142 days late (203 – 61). 2010 1040x Tax Year 2013 Day of 2013 2013 2013 2013 2013 2013 2013 2013 2013 2014 2014 2014 2014 Month April May June July Aug. 2010 1040x Sept. 2010 1040x Oct. 2010 1040x Nov. 2010 1040x Dec. 2010 1040x Jan. 2010 1040x Feb. 2010 1040x Mar. 2010 1040x Apr. 2010 1040x 1   16 47 77 108 139 169 200 230 261 292 320 351 2   17 48 78 109 140 170 201 231 262 293 321 352 3   18 49 79 110 141 171 202 232 263 294 322 353 4   19 50 80 111 142 172 203 233 264 295 323 354 5   20 51 81 112 143 173 204 234 265 296 324 355 6   21 52 82 113 144 174 205 235 266 297 325 356 7   22 53 83 114 145 175 206 236 267 298 326 357 8   23 54 84 115 146 176 207 237 268 299 327 358 9   24 55 85 116 147 177 208 238 269 300 328 359 10   25 56 86 117 148 178 209 239 270 301 329 360 11   26 57 87 118 149 179 210 240 271 302 330 361 12   27 58 88 119 150 180 211 241 272 303 331 362 13   28 59 89 120 151 181 212 242 273 304 332 363 14   29 60 90 121 152 182 213 243 274 305 333 364 15 0 30 61 91 122 153 183 214 244 275 306 334 365 16 1 31 62 92 123 154 184 215 245 276 307 335   17 2 32 63 93 124 155 185 216 246 277 308 336   18 3 33 64 94 125 156 186 217 247 278 309 337   19 4 34 65 95 126 157 187 218 248 279 310 338   20 5 35 66 96 127 158 188 219 249 280 311 339   21 6 36 67 97 128 159 189 220 250 281 312 340   22 7 37 68 98 129 160 190 221 251 282 313 341   23 8 38 69 99 130 161 191 222 252 283 314 342   24 9 39 70 100 131 162 192 223 253 284 315 343   25 10 40 71 101 132 163 193 224 254 285 316 344   26 11 41 72 102 133 164 194 225 255 286 317 345   27 12 42 73 103 134 165 195 226 256 287 318 346   28 13 43 74 104 135 166 196 227 257 288 319 347   29 14 44 75 105 136 167 197 228 258 289   348   30 15 45 76 106 137 168 198 229 259 290   349   31   46   107 138   199   260 291   350   Annualized Income Installment Method (Schedule AI) If you did not receive your income evenly throughout the year (for example, your income from a shop you operated at a marina was much larger in the summer than it was during the rest of the year), you may be able to lower or eliminate your penalty by figuring your underpayment using the annualized income installment method. 2010 1040x Under this method, your required installment (Part IV, line 18) for one or more payment periods may be less than one-fourth of your required annual payment. 2010 1040x To figure your underpayment using this method, complete Form 2210, Schedule AI. 2010 1040x Schedule AI annualizes your tax at the end of each payment period based on your income, deductions, and other items relating to events that occurred from the beginning of the tax year through the end of the period. 2010 1040x If you use the annualized income installment method, you must check box C in Part II of Form 2210. 2010 1040x Also, you must attach Form 2210 and Schedule AI to your return. 2010 1040x If you use Schedule AI for any payment due date, you must use it for all payment due dates. 2010 1040x Completing Schedule AI. 2010 1040x   Follow the Form 2210 instructions to complete Schedule AI. 2010 1040x For each period shown on Schedule AI, figure your income and deductions based on your method of accounting. 2010 1040x If you use the cash method of accounting (used by most people), include all income actually or constructively received during the period and all deductions actually paid during the period. 2010 1040x Note. 2010 1040x Each period includes amounts from the previous period(s). 2010 1040x Period (a) includes items for January 1 through March 31. 2010 1040x Period (b) includes items for January 1 through May 31. 2010 1040x Period (c) includes items for January 1 through August 31. 2010 1040x Period (d) includes items for the entire year. 2010 1040x Farmers and Fishermen If you are a farmer or fisherman, the following special rules for underpayment of estimated tax apply to you. 2010 1040x The penalty for underpaying your 2013 estimated tax will not apply if you file your return and pay all the tax due by March 3, 2014. 2010 1040x If you are a fiscal year taxpayer, the penalty will not apply if you file your return and pay the tax due by the first day of the third month after the end of your tax year. 2010 1040x Any penalty you owe for underpaying your 2013 estimated tax will be figured from one payment due date, January 15, 2014. 2010 1040x The underpayment penalty for 2013 is figured on the difference between the amount of 2013 withholding plus estimated tax paid by the due date and the smaller of: 662/3% (rather than 90%) of your 2013 tax, or 100% of the tax shown on your 2012 return. 2010 1040x Even if these special rules apply to you, you will not owe the penalty if you meet either of the two conditions discussed under Exceptions . 2010 1040x See Who Must Pay Estimated Tax in chapter 2 for the definition of a farmer or fisherman who is eligible for these special rules. 2010 1040x Form 2210-F. 2010 1040x   Use Form 2210-F to figure any underpayment penalty. 2010 1040x Do not attach it to your return unless you check a box in Part I. 2010 1040x However, if none of the boxes apply to you and you owe a penalty, you do not need to attach Form 2210-F. 2010 1040x Enter the amount from line 16 on Form 1040, line 77 and add the penalty to any balance due on your return or subtract it from your refund. 2010 1040x Keep your filled-in Form 2210-F for your records. 2010 1040x    If none of the boxes on Form 2210-F apply to you and you owe a penalty, the IRS can figure your penalty and send you a bill. 2010 1040x Waiver of Penalty The IRS can waive the penalty for underpayment if either of the following applies. 2010 1040x You did not make a payment because of a casualty, disaster, or other unusual circumstance and it would be inequitable to impose the penalty. 2010 1040x You retired (after reaching age 62) or became disabled in 2012 or 2013 and both the following requirements are met. 2010 1040x You had a reasonable cause for not making the payment. 2010 1040x Your underpayment was not due to willful neglect. 2010 1040x How to request a waiver. 2010 1040x   To request a waiver, see the Instructions for Form 2210. 2010 1040x Farmers and fishermen. 2010 1040x   To request a waiver, see the Instructions for Form 2210-F. 2010 1040x Federally declared disaster. 2010 1040x   Certain estimated tax payment deadlines for taxpayers who reside or have a business in a federally declared disaster area are postponed for a period during and after the disaster. 2010 1040x During the processing of your tax return, the IRS automatically identifies taxpayers located in a covered disaster area (by county or parish) and applies the appropriate penalty relief. 2010 1040x Do not file Form 2210 or 2210-F if your underpayment was due to a federally declared disaster. 2010 1040x If you still owe a penalty after the automatic waiver is applied, we will send you a bill. 2010 1040x   Individuals, estates, and trusts not in a covered disaster area but whose books, records, or tax professionals' offices are in a covered area are also entitled to relief. 2010 1040x Also eligible are relief workers affiliated with a recognized government or charitable organization assisting in the relief activities in a covered disaster area. 2010 1040x If you meet either of these eligibility requirements, you must call the IRS disaster hotline at 1-866-562-5227 and identify yourself as eligible for this relief. 2010 1040x   Details on the applicable disaster postponement period can be found at IRS. 2010 1040x gov. 2010 1040x Enter Tax Relief in Disaster Situations. 2010 1040x Select the federally declared disaster that affected you. 2010 1040x    Worksheet 4-1. 2010 1040x 2013 Form 2210, Schedule AI—Line 12 Qualified Dividends and Capital Gain Tax Worksheet Note. 2010 1040x To figure the annualized entries for lines 2, 3, and 5 below, multiply the expected amount for the period by the  annualization amount on line 2 of Schedule AI for the same period. 2010 1040x                   1. 2010 1040x Enter line 11 of your Schedule AI, or line 3 from Worksheet 4-2 1. 2010 1040x       2. 2010 1040x Enter your annualized qualified dividends for the period 2. 2010 1040x           3. 2010 1040x Are you filing Schedule D?               □ Yes. 2010 1040x Enter the smaller of your annualized amount from line 15 or line 16 of Schedule D. 2010 1040x If either line 15 or line 16 is blank or a loss, enter -0-. 2010 1040x 3. 2010 1040x             □ No. 2010 1040x Enter your annualized capital gain distributions from Form 1040, line 13             4. 2010 1040x Add lines 2 and 3   4. 2010 1040x           5. 2010 1040x If you are claiming investment interest expense on Form 4952, enter your annualized amount from line 4g of that form. 2010 1040x Otherwise, enter -0-   5. 2010 1040x           6. 2010 1040x Subtract line 5 from line 4. 2010 1040x If zero or less, enter -0- 6. 2010 1040x       7. 2010 1040x Subtract line 6 from line 1. 2010 1040x If zero or less, enter -0- 7. 2010 1040x       8. 2010 1040x Enter: $36,900 if single or married filing separately, $73,800 if married filing jointly or qualifying widow(er), $49,400 if head of household. 2010 1040x 8. 2010 1040x       9. 2010 1040x Enter the smaller of line 1 or line 8 9. 2010 1040x       10. 2010 1040x Enter the smaller of line 7 or line 9 10. 2010 1040x       11. 2010 1040x Subtract line 10 from line 9. 2010 1040x This amount is taxed at 0% 11. 2010 1040x       12. 2010 1040x Enter the smaller of line 1 or line 6 12. 2010 1040x       13. 2010 1040x Enter the amount from line 11 13. 2010 1040x       14. 2010 1040x Subtract line 13 from line 12 14. 2010 1040x       15. 2010 1040x Multiply line 14 by 15% (. 2010 1040x 15) 15. 2010 1040x   16. 2010 1040x Figure the tax on the amount on line 7. 2010 1040x If the amount on line 7 is less than $100,000, use the Tax Table in the 2013 Form 1040 instructions to figure this tax. 2010 1040x If the amount on line 7 is $100,000 or more, use the Tax Computation Worksheet in the 2013 Form 1040 instructions 16. 2010 1040x   17. 2010 1040x Add lines 15 and 16 17. 2010 1040x   18. 2010 1040x Figure the tax on the amount on line 1. 2010 1040x If the amount on line 1 is less than $100,000, use the Tax Table in the 2013 Form 1040 instructions to figure this tax. 2010 1040x If the amount on line 1 is $100,000 or more, use the Tax Computation Worksheet in the 2013 Form 1040 instructions 18. 2010 1040x   19. 2010 1040x Tax on all taxable income. 2010 1040x Enter the smaller of line 17 or line 18. 2010 1040x Also enter this amount on line 12 of Schedule AI in the appropriate column. 2010 1040x However, if you are using this worksheet to figure the tax on the amount on line 3 of Worksheet 4-2, enter the amount from line 19 on Worksheet 4-2, line 4 19. 2010 1040x   Worksheet 4-2. 2010 1040x 2013 Form 2210, Schedule AI—Line 12 Foreign Earned Income Tax Worksheet Before you begin:If Schedule AI, line 11, is zero for the period, do not complete this worksheet. 2010 1040x             1. 2010 1040x Enter the amount from line 11 of Schedule AI for the period 1. 2010 1040x   2. 2010 1040x Enter the annualized amount* of foreign earned income and housing amount excluded or deducted (from  Form 2555, lines 45 and 50, or Form 2555-EZ, line 18) in figuring the amount entered for the period on line 1  of Schedule AI 2. 2010 1040x   3. 2010 1040x Add lines 1 and 2 3. 2010 1040x   4. 2010 1040x Tax on the amount on line 3. 2010 1040x Use the Tax Table, Tax Computation Worksheet, Form 8615**, Qualified Dividends and Capital Gain Tax Worksheet***, or Schedule D Tax Worksheet***, whichever applies. 2010 1040x See the 2013 Instructions for Form 1040, line 44, to find out which tax computation method to use. 2010 1040x (Note. 2010 1040x You do not have to use the same method for each period on Schedule AI. 2010 1040x ) 4. 2010 1040x   5. 2010 1040x Tax on the amount on line 2. 2010 1040x If the amount on line 2 is less than $100,000, use the Tax Table in the 2013 Form 1040 instructions to figure this tax. 2010 1040x If the amount on line 7 is $100,000 or more, use the Tax Computation Worksheet in the 2013 Form 1040 instructions 5. 2010 1040x   6. 2010 1040x Subtract line 5 from line 4. 2010 1040x Enter the result here and on line 12 of Schedule AI. 2010 1040x If zero or less,  enter -0- 6. 2010 1040x             * To figure the annualized amount for line 2, multiply the exclusion or deduction for the period by the annualization amount on line 2 of Schedule AI for the same period. 2010 1040x     ** If you use Form 8615 to figure the tax on line 4 above, enter the amount from line 3 above on line 4 of Form 8615. 2010 1040x If the child's parent files Form 2555 or 2555-EZ, enter the amounts from lines 3 and 4 of the parent's Foreign Earned Income Tax Worksheet on lines 6 and 10, respectively, of Form 8615. 2010 1040x Complete the rest of Form 8615 according to its instructions. 2010 1040x Then complete lines 5 and 6 above. 2010 1040x     *** Enter the amount from line 3 above on line 1 of the Qualified Dividends and Capital Gain Tax Worksheet (or Worksheet 4-1 in this chapter) or the Schedule D Tax Worksheet, whichever worksheet you use to figure the tax on line 4 above. 2010 1040x Complete that worksheet through line 6 (line 10 if you use the Schedule D Tax Worksheet). 2010 1040x Next, determine if you have a capital gain excess. 2010 1040x     Figuring capital gain excess. 2010 1040x To find out if you have a capital gain excess for the appropriate period, subtract line 11 of Schedule AI from line 6 of Worksheet 4-1 or your Qualified Dividends and Capital Gain Tax Worksheet (line 10 of your Schedule D Tax Worksheet). 2010 1040x If the result is more than zero, that amount is your capital gain excess. 2010 1040x     No capital gain excess. 2010 1040x If you do not have a capital gain excess, complete the rest of Worksheet 4-1, Qualified Dividends and Capital Gain Tax Worksheet, or the Schedule D Tax Worksheet according to the worksheet's instructions. 2010 1040x Then complete lines 5 and 6 above. 2010 1040x     Capital gain excess. 2010 1040x If you have a capital gain excess, complete a second Worksheet 4-1, Qualified Dividends and Capital Gain Tax Worksheet, or Schedule D Tax Worksheet (whichever applies) as instructed above but in its entirety and with the following additional modifications. 2010 1040x Then complete lines 5 and 6 above. 2010 1040x     Make the modifications below only for purposes of filling out Worksheet 4-2 above. 2010 1040x     a. 2010 1040x Reduce (but not below zero) the amount you otherwise would enter on line 3 of your Worksheet 4-1, line 3 of your Qualified Dividends and Capital Gain Tax Worksheet, or line 9 of your Schedule D Tax Worksheet by your capital gain excess. 2010 1040x     b. 2010 1040x Reduce (but not below zero) the amount you otherwise would enter on line 2 of your Worksheet 4-1, line 2 of your Qualified Dividends and Capital Gain Tax Worksheet, or line 6 of your Schedule D Tax Worksheet by any of your capital gain excess not used in (a) above. 2010 1040x     c. 2010 1040x Reduce (but not below zero) the amount on your Schedule D (Form 1040), line 18, by your capital gain excess. 2010 1040x     d. 2010 1040x Include your capital gain excess as a loss on line 16 of your Unrecaptured Section 1250 Gain Worksheet in the 2013 Instructions for Schedule D (Form 1040). 2010 1040x   Prev  Up  Next   Home   More Online Publications
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The 2010 1040x

2010 1040x Publication 541 - Introductory Material Table of Contents Reminder IntroductionTax questions. 2010 1040x Ordering forms and publications. 2010 1040x Useful Items - You may want to see: Reminder Photographs of missing children. 2010 1040x  The Internal Revenue Service is a proud partner with the National Center for Missing and Exploited Children. 2010 1040x Photographs of missing children selected by the Center may appear in this publication on pages that would otherwise be blank. 2010 1040x You can help bring these children home by looking at the photographs and calling 1-800-THE-LOST (1-800-843-5678) if you recognize a child. 2010 1040x Introduction This publication provides supplemental federal income tax information for partnerships and partners. 2010 1040x It supplements the information provided in the Instructions for Form 1065, U. 2010 1040x S. 2010 1040x Return of Partnership Income, and the Partner's Instructions for Schedule K-1 (Form 1065). 2010 1040x Generally, a partnership does not pay tax on its income but “passes through” any profits or losses to its partners. 2010 1040x Partners must include partnership items on their tax returns. 2010 1040x For a discussion of business expenses a partnership can deduct, see Publication 535, Business Expenses. 2010 1040x Members of oil and gas partnerships should read about the deduction for depletion in chapter 9 of that publication. 2010 1040x Certain partnerships must have a tax matters partner (TMP) who is also a general partner. 2010 1040x For information on the rules for designating a TMP, see Designation of Tax Matters Partner (TMP) in the Form 1065 instructions and section 301. 2010 1040x 6231(a)(7)-1 of the regulations. 2010 1040x Many rules in this publication do not apply to partnerships that file Form 1065-B, U. 2010 1040x S. 2010 1040x Return of Income for Electing Large Partnerships. 2010 1040x For the rules that apply to these partnerships, see the instructions for Form 1065-B. 2010 1040x However, the partners of electing large partnerships can use the rules in this publication except as otherwise noted. 2010 1040x Withholding on foreign partner or firm. 2010 1040x   If a partnership acquires a U. 2010 1040x S. 2010 1040x real property interest from a foreign person or firm, the partnership may have to withhold tax on the amount it pays for the property (including cash, the fair market value of other property, and any assumed liability). 2010 1040x If a partnership has income effectively connected with a trade or business in the United States, it must withhold on the income allocable to its foreign partners. 2010 1040x A partnership may have to withhold tax on a foreign partner's distributive share of fixed or determinable income not effectively connected with a U. 2010 1040x S. 2010 1040x trade or business. 2010 1040x A partnership that fails to withhold may be held liable for the tax, applicable penalties, and interest. 2010 1040x   For more information, see Publication 515, Withholding of Tax on Nonresident Aliens and Foreign Entities. 2010 1040x Comments and suggestions. 2010 1040x   We welcome your comments about this publication and your suggestions for future editions. 2010 1040x   You can write to: Internal Revenue Service Tax Forms and Publications  SE:W:CAR:MP:TFP 1111 Constitution Ave. 2010 1040x NW, IR-6526 Washington, DC 20224   We respond to many letters by telephone. 2010 1040x Therefore, it would be helpful if you would include your daytime phone number, including the area code, in your correspondence. 2010 1040x    You can send us comments from www. 2010 1040x irs. 2010 1040x gov/formspubs. 2010 1040x Click on “More Information” and then on “Comment on Tax Forms and Publications. 2010 1040x ”   Although we cannot respond individually to each comment received, we do appreciate your feedback and will consider your comments as we revise our tax products. 2010 1040x Tax questions. 2010 1040x   If you have a tax question, check the information available at IRS. 2010 1040x gov or call 1-800-829-4933. 2010 1040x We cannot answer tax questions at the address listed above. 2010 1040x Ordering forms and publications. 2010 1040x    Visit www. 2010 1040x irs. 2010 1040x gov/formspubs to download forms and publications, call 1-800-829-3676, or write to one of the addresses shown under How To Get Tax Help in the back of this publication. 2010 1040x Useful Items - You may want to see: Publication 334 Tax Guide for Small Business 505 Tax Withholding and Estimated Tax 535 Business Expenses 537 Installment Sales 538 Accounting Periods and Methods 544 Sales and Other Dispositions of Assets 551 Basis of Assets 925 Passive Activity and At-Risk Rules 946 How To Depreciate Property See How To Get Tax Help near the end of this publication for information about getting publications and forms. 2010 1040x Prev  Up  Next   Home   More Online Publications