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2010 1040x

Irs Gov1040x For 2009How To Fill Out A 1040x Tax Amendment FormIrs Form 1040nrAmending A State Tax Return1040nr CalculatorHow To Fill Out 1040x Line By LineGeorgia State Income Tax Forms 2012Turbotax 2007 FreeHelp Filling Out 1040x FormIrs Tax Forms 1040ezE File Tax PreparationFree 2011 Tax FormsFederal Tax Return Amendment2010 Amended Tax ReturnWhere Can I File 2011 Tax ReturnFree Tax Calculator 2012Irs 2012 Tax Forms 1040 Instructions2011 Federal Tax FormsSelf Employed Tax ReturnTurbotax 2011 DeluxeForm 1040ez 20132010 Form 1040aHow To Amend A Tax ReturnFreetaxusa 2007Free E-file 2012Free Tax Filing For Low Income1040ez Tax FormsFile Free State Tax Return OnlineCan I Still File My 2012 TaxesEz Forms 2013File Your Taxes OnlineH&r Block Taxcut1040nr Ez TurbotaxFill Out 1040x OnlineAmending A Federal Tax ReturnFree 1040ez Tax Form1040x Form For 2013Unemployment Tax FormFree Tax Extension

2010 1040x

2010 1040x 6. 2010 1040x   Tip Income Table of Contents Introduction Useful Items - You may want to see: Keeping a Daily Tip RecordElectronic tip record. 2010 1040x Reporting Tips to Your EmployerElectronic tip statement. 2010 1040x Final report. 2010 1040x Reporting Tips on Your Tax Return Allocated Tips Introduction This chapter is for employees who receive tips. 2010 1040x All tips you receive are income and are subject to federal income tax. 2010 1040x You must include in gross income all tips you receive directly, charged tips paid to you by your employer, and your share of any tips you receive under a tip-splitting or tip-pooling arrangement. 2010 1040x The value of noncash tips, such as tickets, passes, or other items of value, is also income and subject to tax. 2010 1040x Reporting your tip income correctly is not difficult. 2010 1040x You must do three things. 2010 1040x Keep a daily tip record. 2010 1040x Report tips to your employer. 2010 1040x Report all your tips on your income tax return. 2010 1040x  This chapter will explain these three things and show you what to do on your tax return if you have not done the first two. 2010 1040x This chapter will also show you how to treat allocated tips. 2010 1040x For information on special tip programs and agreements, see Publication 531. 2010 1040x Useful Items - You may want to see: Publication 531 Reporting Tip Income 1244 Employee's Daily Record of Tips and Report to Employer Form (and Instructions) 4137 Social Security and Medicare Tax on Unreported Tip Income 4070 Employee's Report of Tips to Employer Keeping a Daily Tip Record Why keep a daily tip record. 2010 1040x   You must keep a daily tip record so you can: Report your tips accurately to your employer, Report your tips accurately on your tax return, and Prove your tip income if your return is ever questioned. 2010 1040x How to keep a daily tip record. 2010 1040x   There are two ways to keep a daily tip record. 2010 1040x You can either: Write information about your tips in a tip diary, or Keep copies of documents that show your tips, such as restaurant bills and credit or debit card charge slips. 2010 1040x You should keep your daily tip record with your tax or other personal records. 2010 1040x You must keep your records for as long as they are important for administration of the federal tax law. 2010 1040x For information on how long to keep records, see How long to keep records in chapter 1. 2010 1040x    If you keep a tip diary, you can use Form 4070A, Employee's Daily Record of Tips. 2010 1040x To get Form 4070A, ask the Internal Revenue Service (IRS) or your employer for Publication 1244. 2010 1040x Also, Publication 1244 is available online at www. 2010 1040x irs. 2010 1040x gov/pub/irs-pdf/p1244. 2010 1040x pdf. 2010 1040x Publication 1244 includes a 1-year supply of Form 4070A. 2010 1040x Each day, write in the information asked for on the form. 2010 1040x   In addition to the information asked for on Form 4070A, you also need to keep a record of the date and value of any noncash tips you get, such as tickets, passes, or other items of value. 2010 1040x Although you do not report these tips to your employer, you must report them on your tax return. 2010 1040x   If you do not use Form 4070A, start your records by writing your name, your employer's name, and the name of the business (if it is different from your employer's name). 2010 1040x Then, each workday, write the date and the following information. 2010 1040x Cash tips you get directly from customers or from other employees. 2010 1040x Tips from credit and debit card charge customers that your employer pays you. 2010 1040x The value of any noncash tips you get, such as tickets, passes, or other items of value. 2010 1040x The amount of tips you paid out to other employees through tip pools or tip splitting, or other arrangements, and the names of the employees to whom you paid the tips. 2010 1040x Electronic tip record. 2010 1040x   You can use an electronic system provided by your employer to record your daily tips. 2010 1040x If you do, you must receive and keep a paper copy of this record. 2010 1040x Service charges. 2010 1040x    Do not write in your tip diary the amount of any service charge that your employer adds to a customer's bill and then pays to you and treats as wages. 2010 1040x This is part of your wages, not a tip. 2010 1040x See examples below. 2010 1040x Example 1. 2010 1040x Good Food Restaurant adds an 18% charge to the bill for parties of 6 or more customers. 2010 1040x Jane’s bill for food and beverages for her party of 8 includes an amount on the tip line equal to 18% of the charges for food and beverages, and the total includes this amount. 2010 1040x Because Jane did not have an unrestricted right to determine the amount on the “tip line,” the 18% charge is considered a service charge. 2010 1040x Do not include the 18% charge in your tip diary. 2010 1040x Service charges that are paid to you are considered wages, not tips. 2010 1040x Example 2. 2010 1040x Good Food Restaurant also includes sample calculations of tip amounts at the bottom of its bills for food and beverages provided to customers. 2010 1040x David’s bill includes a blank “tip line,” with sample tip calculations of 15%, 18%, and 20% of his charges for food and beverages at the bottom of the bill beneath the signature line. 2010 1040x Because David is free to enter any amount on the “tip line” or leave it blank, any amount he includes is considered a tip. 2010 1040x Be sure to include this amount in your tip diary. 2010 1040x Reporting Tips to Your Employer Why report tips to your employer. 2010 1040x   You must report tips to your employer so that: Your employer can withhold federal income tax and social security, Medicare, Additional Medicare, or railroad retirement taxes, Your employer can report the correct amount of your earnings to the Social Security Administration or Railroad Retirement Board (which affects your benefits when you retire or if you become disabled, or your family's benefits if you die), and You can avoid the penalty for not reporting tips to your employer (explained later). 2010 1040x What tips to report. 2010 1040x   Report to your employer only cash, check, and debit and credit card tips you receive. 2010 1040x   If your total tips for any 1 month from any one job are less than $20, do not report the tips for that month to that employer. 2010 1040x   If you participate in a tip-splitting or tip-pooling arrangement, report only the tips you receive and retain. 2010 1040x Do not report to your employer any portion of the tips you receive that you pass on to other employees. 2010 1040x However, you must report tips you receive from other employees. 2010 1040x    Do not report the value of any noncash tips, such as tickets or passes, to your employer. 2010 1040x You do not pay social security, Medicare, Additional Medicare or railroad retirement taxes on these tips. 2010 1040x How to report. 2010 1040x    If your employer does not give you any other way to report tips, you can use Form 4070. 2010 1040x Fill in the information asked for on the form, sign and date the form, and give it to your employer. 2010 1040x To get a 1-year supply of the form, ask the IRS or your employer for Publication 1244. 2010 1040x   If you do not use Form 4070, give your employer a statement with the following information. 2010 1040x Your name, address, and social security number. 2010 1040x Your employer's name, address, and business name (if it is different from your employer's name). 2010 1040x The month (or the dates of any shorter period) in which you received tips. 2010 1040x The total tips required to be reported for that period. 2010 1040x You must sign and date the statement. 2010 1040x Be sure to keep a copy with your tax or other personal records. 2010 1040x   Your employer may require you to report your tips more than once a month. 2010 1040x However, the statement cannot cover a period of more than 1 calendar month. 2010 1040x Electronic tip statement. 2010 1040x   Your employer can have you furnish your tip statements electronically. 2010 1040x When to report. 2010 1040x   Give your report for each month to your employer by the 10th of the next month. 2010 1040x If the 10th falls on a Saturday, Sunday, or legal holiday, give your employer the report by the next day that is not a Saturday, Sunday, or legal holiday. 2010 1040x Example. 2010 1040x You must report your tips received in September 2014 by October 10, 2014. 2010 1040x Final report. 2010 1040x   If your employment ends during the month, you can report your tips when your employment ends. 2010 1040x Penalty for not reporting tips. 2010 1040x   If you do not report tips to your employer as required, you may be subject to a penalty equal to 50% of the social security, Medicare, and Additional Medicare taxes or railroad retirement tax you owe on the unreported tips. 2010 1040x (For information about these taxes, see Reporting social security, Medicare, Additional Medicare, or railroad retirement taxes on tips not reported to your employer under Reporting Tips on Your Tax Return, later. 2010 1040x ) The penalty amount is in addition to the taxes you owe. 2010 1040x   You can avoid this penalty if you can show reasonable cause for not reporting the tips to your employer. 2010 1040x To do so, attach a statement to your return explaining why you did not report them. 2010 1040x Giving your employer money for taxes. 2010 1040x   Your regular pay may not be enough for your employer to withhold all the taxes you owe on your regular pay plus your reported tips. 2010 1040x If this happens, you can give your employer money until the close of the calendar year to pay the rest of the taxes. 2010 1040x   If you do not give your employer enough money, your employer will apply your regular pay and any money you give in the following order. 2010 1040x All taxes on your regular pay. 2010 1040x Social security, Medicare, and Additional Medicare taxes or railroad retirement taxes on your reported tips. 2010 1040x Federal, state, and local income taxes on your reported tips. 2010 1040x    Any taxes that remain unpaid can be collected by your employer from your next paycheck. 2010 1040x If withholding taxes remain uncollected at the end of the year, you may be subject to a penalty for underpayment of estimated taxes. 2010 1040x See Publication 505, Tax Withholding and Estimated Tax, for more information. 2010 1040x    Uncollected taxes. 2010 1040x You must report on your tax return any social security and Medicare taxes or railroad retirement tax that remained uncollected at the end of 2013. 2010 1040x These uncollected taxes will be shown on your 2013 Form W-2. 2010 1040x See Reporting uncollected social security, Medicare, or railroad retirement taxes on tips reported to your employer under Reporting Tips on Your Tax Return, later. 2010 1040x Reporting Tips on Your Tax Return How to report tips. 2010 1040x    Report your tips with your wages on Form 1040, line 7; Form 1040A, line 7; or Form 1040EZ, line 1. 2010 1040x What tips to report. 2010 1040x   You must report all tips you received in 2013 on your tax return, including both cash tips and noncash tips. 2010 1040x Any tips you reported to your employer for 2013 are included in the wages shown in box 1 of your Form W-2. 2010 1040x Add to the amount in box 1 only the tips you did not report to your employer. 2010 1040x    If you received $20 or more in cash and charge tips in a month and did not report all of those tips to your employer, see Reporting social security, Medicare, Additional Medicare, or railroad retirement taxes on tips not reported to your employer, later. 2010 1040x    If you did not keep a daily tip record as required and an amount is shown in box 8 of your Form W-2, see Allocated Tips, later. 2010 1040x   If you kept a daily tip record and reported tips to your employer as required under the rules explained earlier, add the following tips to the amount in box 1 of your Form W-2. 2010 1040x Cash and charge tips you received that totaled less than $20 for any month. 2010 1040x The value of noncash tips, such as tickets, passes, or other items of value. 2010 1040x Example. 2010 1040x Ben Smith began working at the Blue Ocean Restaurant (his only employer in 2013) on June 30 and received $10,000 in wages during the year. 2010 1040x Ben kept a daily tip record showing that his tips for June were $18 and his tips for the rest of the year totaled $7,000. 2010 1040x He was not required to report his June tips to his employer, but he reported all of the rest of his tips to his employer as required. 2010 1040x Ben's Form W-2 from Blue Ocean Restaurant shows $17,000 ($10,000 wages plus $7,000 reported tips) in box 1. 2010 1040x He adds the $18 unreported tips to that amount and reports $17,018 as wages on his tax return. 2010 1040x Reporting social security, Medicare, Additional Medicare, or railroad retirement taxes on tips not reported to your employer. 2010 1040x    If you received $20 or more in cash and charge tips in a month from any one job and did not report all of those tips to your employer, you must report the social security, Medicare, and Additional Medicare taxes on the unreported tips as additional tax on your return. 2010 1040x To report these taxes, you must file a return even if you would not otherwise have to file. 2010 1040x You must use Form 1040. 2010 1040x (You cannot file Form 1040EZ or Form 1040A. 2010 1040x )    Use Form 4137 to figure social security and Medicare taxes. 2010 1040x Enter the tax on your return as instructed, and attach the completed Form 4137 to your return. 2010 1040x Use Form 8959 to figure Additional Medicare Tax. 2010 1040x    If you are subject to the Railroad Retirement Tax Act, you cannot use Form 4137 to pay railroad retirement tax on unreported tips. 2010 1040x To get railroad retirement credit, you must report tips to your employer. 2010 1040x Reporting uncollected social security, Medicare, or railroad retirement taxes on tips reported to your employer. 2010 1040x   You may have uncollected taxes if your regular pay was not enough for your employer to withhold all the taxes you owe and you did not give your employer enough money to pay the rest of the taxes. 2010 1040x For more information, see Giving your employer money for taxes , under Reporting Tips to Your Employer, earlier. 2010 1040x   If your employer could not collect all the social security and Medicare taxes or railroad retirement tax you owe on tips reported for 2013, the uncollected taxes will be shown in box 12 of your Form W-2 (codes A and B). 2010 1040x You must report these amounts as additional tax on your return. 2010 1040x Unlike the uncollected portion of the regular (1. 2010 1040x 45%) Medicare tax, the uncollected Additional Medicare Tax is not reported in box 12 of Form W-2 with code B. 2010 1040x    To report these uncollected taxes, you must file a return even if you would not otherwise have to file. 2010 1040x You must report these taxes on Form 1040, line 60. 2010 1040x See the instructions for Form 1040, line 60. 2010 1040x (You cannot file Form 1040EZ or Form 1040A. 2010 1040x ) Allocated Tips If your employer allocated tips to you, they are shown separately in box 8 of your Form W-2. 2010 1040x They are not included in box 1 with your wages and reported tips. 2010 1040x If box 8 is blank, this discussion does not apply to you. 2010 1040x What are allocated tips. 2010 1040x   These are tips that your employer assigned to you in addition to the tips you reported to your employer for the year. 2010 1040x Your employer will have done this only if: You worked in an establishment (restaurant, cocktail lounge, or similar business) that must allocate tips to employees, and The tips you reported to your employer were less than your share of 8% of food and drink sales. 2010 1040x No income, social security, Medicare, Additional Medicare or railroad retirement taxes are withheld on allocated tips. 2010 1040x How were your allocated tips figured. 2010 1040x   The tips allocated to you are your share of an amount figured by subtracting the reported tips of all employees from 8% (or an approved lower rate) of food and drink sales (other than carryout sales and sales with a service charge of 10% or more). 2010 1040x Your share of that amount was figured using either a method provided by an employer-employee agreement or a method provided by IRS regulations based on employees' sales or hours worked. 2010 1040x For information about the exact allocation method used, ask your employer. 2010 1040x Must you report your allocated tips on your tax return. 2010 1040x   You must report all tips you received in 2013 on your tax return, including both cash tips and noncash tips. 2010 1040x Any tips you reported to your employer for 2013 are included in the wages shown in box 1 of your Form W-2. 2010 1040x Add to the amount in box 1 only the tips you did not report to your employer. 2010 1040x This should include any allocated tips shown in box 8 on your Form(s) W-2, unless you have adequate records to show that you received less tips in the year than the allocated figures. 2010 1040x   See What tips to report under Reporting Tips on Your Tax Return, and Keeping a Daily Tip Record , earlier. 2010 1040x How to report allocated tips. 2010 1040x   Report the amount in box 1 and the allocated tips in box 8 of your Form(s) W-2 as wages on Form 1040, line 7; Form 1040NR, line 8; or Form 1040NR-EZ, line 3. 2010 1040x (You cannot file Form 1040A or Form 1040EZ when you have allocated tips. 2010 1040x )    Because social security, Medicare, and Additional Medicare taxes were not withheld from the allocated tips, you must report those taxes as additional tax on your return. 2010 1040x Complete Form 4137, and include the allocated tips on line 1 of the form. 2010 1040x See Reporting social security, Medicare, Additional Medicare, or railroad retirement taxes on tips not reported to your employer under Reporting Tips on Your Tax Return, earlier. 2010 1040x Prev  Up  Next   Home   More Online Publications
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The 2010 1040x

2010 1040x Publication 575 - Main Content Table of Contents General InformationPension. 2010 1040x Annuity. 2010 1040x Qualified employee plan. 2010 1040x Qualified employee annuity. 2010 1040x Designated Roth account. 2010 1040x Tax-sheltered annuity plan. 2010 1040x Fixed-period annuities. 2010 1040x Annuities for a single life. 2010 1040x Joint and survivor annuities. 2010 1040x Variable annuities. 2010 1040x Disability pensions. 2010 1040x Variable Annuities Section 457 Deferred Compensation Plans Disability Pensions Insurance Premiums for Retired Public Safety Officers Railroad Retirement Benefits Withholding Tax and Estimated Tax Cost (Investment in the Contract)Foreign employment contributions while a nonresident alien. 2010 1040x Taxation of Periodic PaymentsPeriod of participation. 2010 1040x Fully Taxable Payments Partly Taxable Payments Taxation of Nonperiodic PaymentsFiguring the Taxable Amount Loans Treated as Distributions Transfers of Annuity Contracts Lump-Sum Distributions RolloversExceptions. 2010 1040x No tax withheld. 2010 1040x Partial rollovers. 2010 1040x Frozen deposits. 2010 1040x Reasonable period of time. 2010 1040x 20% Mandatory withholding. 2010 1040x How to report. 2010 1040x How to report. 2010 1040x Special rule for Roth IRAs and designated Roth accounts. 2010 1040x Special Additional TaxesTax on Early Distributions Tax on Excess Accumulation Survivors and BeneficiariesGuaranteed payments. 2010 1040x How To Get Tax HelpLow Income Taxpayer Clinics General Information Definitions. 2010 1040x   Some of the terms used in this publication are defined in the following paragraphs. 2010 1040x Pension. 2010 1040x   A pension is generally a series of definitely determinable payments made to you after you retire from work. 2010 1040x Pension payments are made regularly and are based on such factors as years of service and prior compensation. 2010 1040x Annuity. 2010 1040x   An annuity is a series of payments under a contract made at regular intervals over a period of more than one full year. 2010 1040x They can be either fixed (under which you receive a definite amount) or variable (not fixed). 2010 1040x You can buy the contract alone or with the help of your employer. 2010 1040x Qualified employee plan. 2010 1040x   A qualified employee plan is an employer's stock bonus, pension, or profit-sharing plan that is for the exclusive benefit of employees or their beneficiaries and that meets Internal Revenue Code requirements. 2010 1040x It qualifies for special tax benefits, such as tax deferral for employer contributions and capital gain treatment or the 10-year tax option for lump-sum distributions (if participants qualify). 2010 1040x To determine whether your plan is a qualified plan, check with your employer or the plan administrator. 2010 1040x Qualified employee annuity. 2010 1040x   A qualified employee annuity is a retirement annuity purchased by an employer for an employee under a plan that meets Internal Revenue Code requirements. 2010 1040x Designated Roth account. 2010 1040x   A designated Roth account is a separate account created under a qualified Roth contribution program to which participants may elect to have part or all of their elective deferrals to a 401(k), 403(b), or 457(b) plan designated as Roth contributions. 2010 1040x Elective deferrals that are designated as Roth contributions are included in your income. 2010 1040x However, qualified distributions (explained later) are not included in your income. 2010 1040x You should check with your plan administrator to determine if your plan will accept designated Roth contributions. 2010 1040x Tax-sheltered annuity plan. 2010 1040x   A tax-sheltered annuity plan (often referred to as a 403(b) plan or a tax-deferred annuity plan) is a retirement plan for employees of public schools and certain tax-exempt organizations. 2010 1040x Generally, a tax-sheltered annuity plan provides retirement benefits by purchasing annuity contracts for its participants. 2010 1040x Types of pensions and annuities. 2010 1040x   Pensions and annuities include the following types. 2010 1040x Fixed-period annuities. 2010 1040x   You receive definite amounts at regular intervals for a specified length of time. 2010 1040x Annuities for a single life. 2010 1040x   You receive definite amounts at regular intervals for life. 2010 1040x The payments end at death. 2010 1040x Joint and survivor annuities. 2010 1040x   The first annuitant receives a definite amount at regular intervals for life. 2010 1040x After he or she dies, a second annuitant receives a definite amount at regular intervals for life. 2010 1040x The amount paid to the second annuitant may or may not differ from the amount paid to the first annuitant. 2010 1040x Variable annuities. 2010 1040x   You receive payments that may vary in amount for a specified length of time or for life. 2010 1040x The amounts you receive may depend upon such variables as profits earned by the pension or annuity funds, cost-of-living indexes, or earnings from a mutual fund. 2010 1040x Disability pensions. 2010 1040x   You receive disability payments because you retired on disability and have not reached minimum retirement age. 2010 1040x More than one program. 2010 1040x   You may receive employee plan benefits from more than one program under a single trust or plan of your employer. 2010 1040x If you participate in more than one program, you may have to treat each as a separate pension or annuity contract, depending upon the facts in each case. 2010 1040x Also, you may be considered to have received more than one pension or annuity. 2010 1040x Your former employer or the plan administrator should be able to tell you if you have more than one contract. 2010 1040x Example. 2010 1040x Your employer set up a noncontributory profit-sharing plan for its employees. 2010 1040x The plan provides that the amount held in the account of each participant will be paid when that participant retires. 2010 1040x Your employer also set up a contributory defined benefit pension plan for its employees providing for the payment of a lifetime pension to each participant after retirement. 2010 1040x The amount of any distribution from the profit-sharing plan depends on the contributions (including allocated forfeitures) made for the participant and the earnings from those contributions. 2010 1040x Under the pension plan, however, a formula determines the amount of the pension benefits. 2010 1040x The amount of contributions is the amount necessary to provide that pension. 2010 1040x Each plan is a separate program and a separate contract. 2010 1040x If you get benefits from these plans, you must account for each separately, even though the benefits from both may be included in the same check. 2010 1040x Distributions from a designated Roth account are treated separately from other distributions from the plan. 2010 1040x Qualified domestic relations order (QDRO). 2010 1040x   A QDRO is a judgment, decree, or order relating to payment of child support, alimony, or marital property rights to a spouse, former spouse, child, or other dependent of a participant in a retirement plan. 2010 1040x The QDRO must contain certain specific information, such as the name and last known mailing address of the participant and each alternate payee, and the amount or percentage of the participant's benefits to be paid to each alternate payee. 2010 1040x A QDRO may not award an amount or form of benefit that is not available under the plan. 2010 1040x   A spouse or former spouse who receives part of the benefits from a retirement plan under a QDRO reports the payments received as if he or she were a plan participant. 2010 1040x The spouse or former spouse is allocated a share of the participant's cost (investment in the contract) equal to the cost times a fraction. 2010 1040x The numerator of the fraction is the present value of the benefits payable to the spouse or former spouse. 2010 1040x The denominator is the present value of all benefits payable to the participant. 2010 1040x   A distribution that is paid to a child or other dependent under a QDRO is taxed to the plan participant. 2010 1040x Variable Annuities The tax rules in this publication apply both to annuities that provide fixed payments and to annuities that provide payments that vary in amount based on investment results or other factors. 2010 1040x For example, they apply to commercial variable annuity contracts, whether bought by an employee retirement plan for its participants or bought directly from the issuer by an individual investor. 2010 1040x Under these contracts, the owner can generally allocate the purchase payments among several types of investment portfolios or mutual funds and the contract value is determined by the performance of those investments. 2010 1040x The earnings are not taxed until distributed either in a withdrawal or in annuity payments. 2010 1040x The taxable part of a distribution is treated as ordinary income. 2010 1040x Net investment income tax. 2010 1040x   Beginning in 2013, annuities under a nonqualified plan are included in calculating your net investment income for the net investment income tax (NIIT). 2010 1040x For information see the Instructions for Form 8960, Net Investment Income Tax — Individuals, Estates and Trusts. 2010 1040x For information on the tax treatment of a transfer or exchange of a variable annuity contract, see Transfers of Annuity Contracts under Taxation of Nonperiodic Payments, later. 2010 1040x Withdrawals. 2010 1040x   If you withdraw funds before your annuity starting date and your annuity is under a qualified retirement plan, a ratable part of the amount withdrawn is tax free. 2010 1040x The tax-free part is based on the ratio of your cost (investment in the contract) to your account balance under the plan. 2010 1040x   If your annuity is under a nonqualified plan (including a contract you bought directly from the issuer), the amount withdrawn is allocated first to earnings (the taxable part) and then to your cost (the tax-free part). 2010 1040x However, if you bought your annuity contract before August 14, 1982, a different allocation applies to the investment before that date and the earnings on that investment. 2010 1040x To the extent the amount withdrawn does not exceed that investment and earnings, it is allocated first to your cost (the tax-free part) and then to earnings (the taxable part). 2010 1040x   If you withdraw funds (other than as an annuity) on or after your annuity starting date, the entire amount withdrawn is generally taxable. 2010 1040x   The amount you receive in a full surrender of your annuity contract at any time is tax free to the extent of any cost that you have not previously recovered tax free. 2010 1040x The rest is taxable. 2010 1040x   For more information on the tax treatment of withdrawals, see Taxation of Nonperiodic Payments , later. 2010 1040x If you withdraw funds from your annuity before you reach age 59½, also see Tax on Early Distributions under Special Additional Taxes, later. 2010 1040x Annuity payments. 2010 1040x   If you receive annuity payments under a variable annuity plan or contract, you recover your cost tax free under either the Simplified Method or the General Rule, as explained under Taxation of Periodic Payments , later. 2010 1040x For a variable annuity paid under a qualified plan, you generally must use the Simplified Method. 2010 1040x For a variable annuity paid under a nonqualified plan (including a contract you bought directly from the issuer), you must use a special computation under the General Rule. 2010 1040x For more information, see Variable annuities in Publication 939 under Computation Under the General Rule. 2010 1040x Death benefits. 2010 1040x    If you receive a single-sum distribution from a variable annuity contract because of the death of the owner or annuitant, the distribution is generally taxable only to the extent it is more than the unrecovered cost of the contract. 2010 1040x If you choose to receive an annuity, the payments are subject to tax as described above. 2010 1040x If the contract provides a joint and survivor annuity and the primary annuitant had received annuity payments before death, you figure the tax-free part of annuity payments you receive as the survivor in the same way the primary annuitant did. 2010 1040x See Survivors and Beneficiaries , later. 2010 1040x Section 457 Deferred Compensation Plans If you work for a state or local government or for a tax-exempt organization, you may be able to participate in a section 457 deferred compensation plan. 2010 1040x If your plan is an eligible plan, you are not taxed currently on pay that is deferred under the plan or on any earnings from the plan's investment of the deferred pay. 2010 1040x You are generally taxed on amounts deferred in an eligible state or local government plan only when they are distributed from the plan. 2010 1040x You are taxed on amounts deferred in an eligible tax-exempt organization plan when they are distributed or otherwise made available to you. 2010 1040x Your 457(b) plan may have a designated Roth account option. 2010 1040x If so, you may be able to roll over amounts to the designated Roth account or make contributions. 2010 1040x Elective deferrals to a designated Roth account are included in your income. 2010 1040x Qualified distributions (explained later) are not included in your income. 2010 1040x See the Designated Roth accounts discussion under Taxation of Periodic Payments, later. 2010 1040x This publication covers the tax treatment of benefits under eligible section 457 plans, but it does not cover the treatment of deferrals. 2010 1040x For information on deferrals under section 457 plans, see Retirement Plan Contributions under Employee Compensation in Publication 525. 2010 1040x Is your plan eligible?   To find out if your plan is an eligible plan, check with your employer. 2010 1040x Plans that are not eligible section 457 plans include the following: Bona fide vacation leave, sick leave, compensatory time, severance pay, disability pay, or death benefit plans. 2010 1040x Nonelective deferred compensation plans for nonemployees (independent contractors). 2010 1040x Deferred compensation plans maintained by churches. 2010 1040x Length of service award plans for bona fide volunteer firefighters and emergency medical personnel. 2010 1040x An exception applies if the total amount paid to a volunteer exceeds $3,000 for any year of service. 2010 1040x Disability Pensions If you retired on disability, you generally must include in income any disability pension you receive under a plan that is paid for by your employer. 2010 1040x You must report your taxable disability payments as wages on line 7 of Form 1040 or Form 1040A or on line 8 of Form 1040NR until you reach minimum retirement age. 2010 1040x Minimum retirement age generally is the age at which you can first receive a pension or annuity if you are not disabled. 2010 1040x You may be entitled to a tax credit if you were permanently and totally disabled when you retired. 2010 1040x For information on this credit, see Publication 524. 2010 1040x Beginning on the day after you reach minimum retirement age, payments you receive are taxable as a pension or annuity. 2010 1040x Report the payments on Form 1040, lines 16a and 16b; Form 1040A, lines 12a and 12b; or on Form 1040NR, lines 17a and 17b. 2010 1040x Disability payments for injuries incurred as a direct result of a terrorist attack directed against the United States (or its allies) are not included in income. 2010 1040x For more information about payments to survivors of terrorist attacks, see Publication 3920, Tax Relief for Victims of Terrorist Attacks. 2010 1040x Insurance Premiums for Retired Public Safety Officers If you are an eligible retired public safety officer (law enforcement officer, firefighter, chaplain, or member of a rescue squad or ambulance crew), you can elect to exclude from income distributions made from your eligible retirement plan that are used to pay the premiums for accident or health insurance or long-term care insurance. 2010 1040x The premiums can be for coverage for you, your spouse, or dependents. 2010 1040x The distribution must be made directly from the plan to the insurance provider. 2010 1040x You can exclude from income the smaller of the amount of the insurance premiums or $3,000. 2010 1040x You can only make this election for amounts that would otherwise be included in your income. 2010 1040x The amount excluded from your income cannot be used to claim a medical expense deduction. 2010 1040x An eligible retirement plan is a governmental plan that is: a qualified trust, a section 403(a) plan, a section 403(b) annuity, or a section 457(b) plan. 2010 1040x If you make this election, reduce the otherwise taxable amount of your pension or annuity by the amount excluded. 2010 1040x The amount shown in box 2a of Form 1099-R does not reflect this exclusion. 2010 1040x Report your total distributions on Form 1040, line 16a; Form 1040A, line 12a; or Form 1040NR, line 17a. 2010 1040x Report the taxable amount on Form 1040, line 16b; Form 1040A, line 12b; or Form 1040NR, line 17b. 2010 1040x Enter “PSO” next to the appropriate line on which you report the taxable amount. 2010 1040x If you are retired on disability and reporting your disability pension on line 7 of Form 1040 or Form 1040A, or line 8 of Form 1040NR, include only the taxable amount on that line and enter “PSO” and the amount excluded on the dotted line next to the applicable line. 2010 1040x Railroad Retirement Benefits Benefits paid under the Railroad Retirement Act fall into two categories. 2010 1040x These categories are treated differently for income tax purposes. 2010 1040x The first category is the amount of tier 1 railroad retirement benefits that equals the social security benefit that a railroad employee or beneficiary would have been entitled to receive under the social security system. 2010 1040x This part of the tier 1 benefit is the social security equivalent benefit (SSEB) and you treat it for tax purposes like social security benefits. 2010 1040x If you received, repaid, or had tax withheld from the SSEB portion of tier 1 benefits during 2013, you will receive Form RRB-1099, Payments by the Railroad Retirement Board (or Form RRB-1042S, Statement for Nonresident Alien Recipients of Payments by the Railroad Retirement Board, if you are a nonresident alien) from the U. 2010 1040x S. 2010 1040x Railroad Retirement Board (RRB). 2010 1040x For more information about the tax treatment of the SSEB portion of tier 1 benefits and Forms RRB-1099 and RRB-1042S, see Publication 915. 2010 1040x The second category contains the rest of the tier 1 railroad retirement benefits, called the non-social security equivalent benefit (NSSEB). 2010 1040x It also contains any tier 2 benefit, vested dual benefit (VDB), and supplemental annuity benefit. 2010 1040x Treat this category of benefits, shown on Form RRB-1099-R, as an amount received from a qualified employee plan. 2010 1040x This allows for the tax-free (nontaxable) recovery of employee contributions from the tier 2 benefits and the NSSEB part of the tier 1 benefits. 2010 1040x (The NSSEB and tier 2 benefits, less certain repayments, are combined into one amount called the Contributory Amount Paid on Form RRB-1099-R. 2010 1040x ) Vested dual benefits and supplemental annuity benefits are non-contributory pensions and are fully taxable. 2010 1040x See Taxation of Periodic Payments , later, for information on how to report your benefits and how to recover the employee contributions tax free. 2010 1040x Form RRB-1099-R is used for U. 2010 1040x S. 2010 1040x citizens, resident aliens, and nonresident aliens. 2010 1040x Nonresident aliens. 2010 1040x   A nonresident alien is an individual who is not a citizen or a resident alien of the United States. 2010 1040x Nonresident aliens are subject to mandatory U. 2010 1040x S. 2010 1040x tax withholding unless exempt under a tax treaty between the United States and their country of legal residency. 2010 1040x A tax treaty exemption may reduce or eliminate tax withholding from railroad retirement benefits. 2010 1040x See Tax withholding next for more information. 2010 1040x   If you are a nonresident alien and your tax withholding rate changed or your country of legal residence changed during the year, you may receive more than one Form RRB-1042S or Form RRB-1099-R. 2010 1040x To determine your total benefits paid or repaid and total tax withheld for the year, you should add the amounts shown on all forms you received for that year. 2010 1040x For information on filing requirements for aliens, see Publication 519, U. 2010 1040x S. 2010 1040x Tax Guide for Aliens. 2010 1040x For information on tax treaties between the United States and other countries that may reduce or eliminate U. 2010 1040x S. 2010 1040x tax on your benefits, see Publication 901, U. 2010 1040x S. 2010 1040x Tax Treaties. 2010 1040x Tax withholding. 2010 1040x   To request or change your income tax withholding from SSEB payments, U. 2010 1040x S. 2010 1040x citizens should contact the IRS for Form W-4V, Voluntary Withholding Request, and file it with the RRB. 2010 1040x To elect, revoke, or change your income tax withholding from NSSEB, tier 2, VDB, and supplemental annuity payments received, use Form RRB W-4P, Withholding Certificate for Railroad Retirement Payments. 2010 1040x If you are a nonresident alien or a U. 2010 1040x S. 2010 1040x citizen living abroad, you should provide Form RRB-1001, Nonresident Questionnaire, to the RRB to furnish citizenship and residency information and to claim any treaty exemption from U. 2010 1040x S. 2010 1040x tax withholding. 2010 1040x Nonresident U. 2010 1040x S. 2010 1040x citizens cannot elect to be exempt from withholding on payments delivered outside of the U. 2010 1040x S. 2010 1040x Help from the RRB. 2010 1040x   To request an RRB form or to get help with questions about an RRB benefit, you should contact your nearest RRB field office if you reside in the United States (call 1-877-772-5772 for the nearest field office) or U. 2010 1040x S. 2010 1040x consulate/Embassy if you reside outside the United States. 2010 1040x You can visit the RRB on the Internet at www. 2010 1040x rrb. 2010 1040x gov. 2010 1040x Form RRB-1099-R. 2010 1040x   The following discussion explains the items shown on Form RRB-1099-R. 2010 1040x The amounts shown on this form are before any deduction for: Federal income tax withholding, Medicare premiums, Legal process garnishment payments, Recovery of a prior year overpayment of an NSSEB, tier 2 benefit, VDB, or supplemental annuity benefit, or Recovery of Railroad Unemployment Insurance Act benefits received while awaiting payment of your railroad retirement annuity. 2010 1040x   The amounts shown on this form are after any offset for: Social Security benefits, Age reduction, Public Service pensions or public disability benefits, Dual railroad retirement entitlement under another RRB claim number, Work deductions, Legal process partition deductions, Actuarial adjustment, Annuity waiver, or Recovery of a current-year overpayment of NSSEB, tier 2, VDB, or supplemental annuity benefits. 2010 1040x   The amounts shown on Form RRB-1099-R do not reflect any special rules, such as capital gain treatment or the special 10-year tax option for lump-sum payments, or tax-free rollovers. 2010 1040x To determine if any of these rules apply to your benefits, see the discussions about them later. 2010 1040x   Generally, amounts shown on your Form RRB-1099-R are considered a normal distribution. 2010 1040x Use distribution code “7” if you are asked for a distribution code. 2010 1040x Distribution codes are not shown on Form RRB-1099-R. 2010 1040x   There are three copies of this form. 2010 1040x Copy B is to be included with your income tax return if federal income tax is withheld. 2010 1040x Copy C is for your own records. 2010 1040x Copy 2 is filed with your state, city, or local income tax return, when required. 2010 1040x See the illustrated Copy B (Form RRB-1099-R) above. 2010 1040x       Each beneficiary will receive his or her own Form RRB-1099-R. 2010 1040x If you receive benefits on more than one railroad retirement record, you may get more than one Form RRB-1099-R. 2010 1040x So that you get your form timely, make sure the RRB always has your current mailing address. 2010 1040x Please click here for the text description of the image. 2010 1040x Form RRB-1099-R Box 1—Claim Number and Payee Code. 2010 1040x   Your claim number is a six- or nine-digit number preceded by an alphabetical prefix. 2010 1040x This is the number under which the RRB paid your benefits. 2010 1040x Your payee code follows your claim number and is the last number in this box. 2010 1040x It is used by the RRB to identify you under your claim number. 2010 1040x In all your correspondence with the RRB, be sure to use the claim number and payee code shown in this box. 2010 1040x Box 2—Recipient's Identification Number. 2010 1040x   This is the recipient's U. 2010 1040x S. 2010 1040x taxpayer identification number. 2010 1040x It is the social security number (SSN), individual taxpayer identification number (ITIN), or employer identification number (EIN), if known, for the person or estate listed as the recipient. 2010 1040x If you are a resident or nonresident alien who must furnish a taxpayer identification number to the IRS and are not eligible to obtain an SSN, use Form W-7, Application for IRS Individual Taxpayer Identification Number, to apply for an ITIN. 2010 1040x The Instructions for Form W-7 explain how and when to apply. 2010 1040x Box 3—Employee Contributions. 2010 1040x   This is the amount of taxes withheld from the railroad employee's earnings that exceeds the amount of taxes that would have been withheld had the earnings been covered under the social security system. 2010 1040x This amount is the employee's cost that you use to figure the tax-free part of the NSSEB and tier 2 benefit you received (the amount shown in box 4). 2010 1040x (For information on how to figure the tax-free part, see Partly Taxable Payments under Taxation of Periodic Payments, later. 2010 1040x ) The amount shown is the total employee contribution amount, not reduced by any amounts that the RRB calculated as previously recovered. 2010 1040x It is the latest amount reported for 2013 and may have increased or decreased from a previous Form RRB-1099-R. 2010 1040x If this amount has changed, the change is retroactive. 2010 1040x You may need to refigure the tax-free part of your NSSEB/tier 2 benefit for 2013 and prior tax years. 2010 1040x If this box is blank, it means that the amount of your NSSEB and tier 2 payments shown in box 4 is fully taxable. 2010 1040x    If you had a previous annuity entitlement that ended and you are figuring the tax-free part of your NSSEB/tier 2 benefit for your current annuity entitlement, you should contact the RRB for confirmation of your correct employee contribution amount. 2010 1040x Box 4—Contributory Amount Paid. 2010 1040x   This is the gross amount of the NSSEB and tier 2 benefit you received in 2013, less any 2013 benefits you repaid in 2013. 2010 1040x (Any benefits you repaid in 2013 for an earlier year or for an unknown year are shown in box 8. 2010 1040x ) This amount is the total contributory pension paid in 2013. 2010 1040x It may be partly taxable and partly tax free or fully taxable. 2010 1040x If you determine you are eligible to compute a tax-free part as explained later in Partly Taxable Payments under Taxation of Periodic Payments, use the latest reported employee contribution amount shown in box 3 as the cost. 2010 1040x Box 5—Vested Dual Benefit. 2010 1040x   This is the gross amount of vested dual benefit (VDB) payments paid in 2013, less any 2013 VDB payments you repaid in 2013. 2010 1040x It is fully taxable. 2010 1040x VDB payments you repaid in 2013 for an earlier year or for an unknown year are shown in box 8. 2010 1040x Note. 2010 1040x The amounts shown in boxes 4 and 5 may represent payments for 2013 and/or other years after 1983. 2010 1040x Box 6—Supplemental Annuity. 2010 1040x   This is the gross amount of supplemental annuity benefits paid in 2013, less any 2013 supplemental annuity benefits you repaid in 2013. 2010 1040x It is fully taxable. 2010 1040x Supplemental annuity benefits you repaid in 2013 for an earlier year or for an unknown year are shown in box 8. 2010 1040x Box 7—Total Gross Paid. 2010 1040x   This is the sum of boxes 4, 5, and 6. 2010 1040x The amount represents the total pension paid in 2013. 2010 1040x Include this amount on Form 1040, line 16a; Form 1040A, line 12a; or Form 1040NR, line 17a. 2010 1040x Box 8—Repayments. 2010 1040x   This amount represents any NSSEB, tier 2 benefit, VDB, and supplemental annuity benefit you repaid to the RRB in 2013 for years before 2013 or for unknown years. 2010 1040x The amount shown in this box has not been deducted from the amounts shown in boxes 4, 5, and 6. 2010 1040x It only includes repayments of benefits that were taxable to you. 2010 1040x This means it only includes repayments in 2013 of NSSEB benefits paid after 1985, tier 2 and VDB benefits paid after 1983, and supplemental annuity benefits paid in any year. 2010 1040x If you included the benefits in your income in the year you received them, you may be able to deduct the repaid amount. 2010 1040x For more information about repayments, see Repayment of benefits received in an earlier year , later. 2010 1040x    You may have repaid an overpayment of benefits by returning a payment, by making a payment, or by having an amount withheld from your railroad retirement annuity payment. 2010 1040x Box 9—Federal Income Tax Withheld. 2010 1040x   This is the total federal income tax withheld from your NSSEB, tier 2 benefit, VDB, and supplemental annuity benefit. 2010 1040x Include this on your income tax return as tax withheld. 2010 1040x If you are a nonresident alien and your tax withholding rate and/or country of legal residence changed during 2013, you will receive more than one Form RRB-1099-R for 2013. 2010 1040x Determine the total amount of U. 2010 1040x S. 2010 1040x federal income tax withheld from your 2013 RRB NSSEB, tier 2, VDB, and supplemental annuity payments by adding the amounts in box 9 of all original 2013 Forms RRB-1099-R, or the latest corrected or duplicate Forms RRB-1099-R you receive. 2010 1040x Box 10—Rate of Tax. 2010 1040x   If you are taxed as a U. 2010 1040x S. 2010 1040x citizen or resident alien, this box does not apply to you. 2010 1040x If you are a nonresident alien, an entry in this box indicates the rate at which tax was withheld on the NSSEB, tier 2, VDB, and supplemental annuity payments that were paid to you in 2013. 2010 1040x If you are a nonresident alien whose tax was withheld at more than one rate during 2013, you will receive a separate Form RRB-1099-R for each rate change during 2013. 2010 1040x Box 11—Country. 2010 1040x   If you are taxed as a U. 2010 1040x S. 2010 1040x citizen or resident alien, this box does not apply to you. 2010 1040x If you are a nonresident alien, an entry in this box indicates the country of which you were a resident for tax purposes at the time you received railroad retirement payments in 2013. 2010 1040x If you are a nonresident alien who was a resident of more than one country during 2013, you will receive a separate Form RRB-1099-R for each country of residence during 2013. 2010 1040x Box 12—Medicare Premium Total. 2010 1040x   This is for information purposes only. 2010 1040x The amount shown in this box represents the total amount of Part B Medicare premiums deducted from your railroad retirement annuity payments in 2013. 2010 1040x Medicare premium refunds are not included in the Medicare total. 2010 1040x The Medicare total is normally shown on Form RRB-1099 (if you are a citizen or resident alien of the United States) or Form RRB-1042S (if you are a nonresident alien). 2010 1040x However, if Form RRB-1099 or Form RRB-1042S is not required for 2013, then this total will be shown on Form RRB-1099-R. 2010 1040x If your Medicare premiums were deducted from your social security benefits, paid by a third party, refunded to you, and/or you paid the premiums by direct billing, your Medicare total will not be shown in this box. 2010 1040x Repayment of benefits received in an earlier year. 2010 1040x   If you had to repay any railroad retirement benefits that you had included in your income in an earlier year because at that time you thought you had an unrestricted right to it, you can deduct the amount you repaid in the year in which you repaid it. 2010 1040x   If you repaid $3,000 or less in 2013, deduct it on Schedule A (Form 1040), line 23. 2010 1040x The 2%-of-adjusted-gross-income limit applies to this deduction. 2010 1040x You cannot take this deduction if you file Form 1040A. 2010 1040x    If you repaid more than $3,000 in 2013, you can either take a deduction for the amount repaid on Schedule A (Form 1040), line 28 or you can take a credit against your tax. 2010 1040x For more information, see Repayments in Publication 525. 2010 1040x Withholding Tax and Estimated Tax Your retirement plan distributions are subject to federal income tax withholding. 2010 1040x However, you can choose not to have tax withheld on payments you receive unless they are eligible rollover distributions. 2010 1040x (These are distributions, described later under Rollovers, that are eligible for rollover treatment but are not paid directly to another qualified retirement plan or to a traditional IRA. 2010 1040x ) If you choose not to have tax withheld or if you do not have enough tax withheld, you may have to make estimated tax payments. 2010 1040x See Estimated tax , later. 2010 1040x The withholding rules apply to the taxable part of payments you receive from: An employer pension, annuity, profit-sharing, or stock bonus plan, Any other deferred compensation plan, A traditional individual retirement arrangement (IRA), or A commercial annuity. 2010 1040x For this purpose, a commercial annuity means an annuity, endowment, or life insurance contract issued by an insurance company. 2010 1040x There will be no withholding on any part of a distribution where it is reasonable to believe that it will not be includible in gross income. 2010 1040x Choosing no withholding. 2010 1040x   You can choose not to have income tax withheld from retirement plan payments unless they are eligible rollover distributions. 2010 1040x You can make this choice on Form W-4P for periodic and nonperiodic payments. 2010 1040x This choice generally remains in effect until you revoke it. 2010 1040x   The payer will ignore your choice not to have tax withheld if: You do not give the payer your social security number (in the required manner), or The IRS notifies the payer, before the payment is made, that you gave an incorrect social security number. 2010 1040x   To choose not to have tax withheld, a U. 2010 1040x S. 2010 1040x citizen or resident alien must give the payer a home address in the United States or its possessions. 2010 1040x Without that address, the payer must withhold tax. 2010 1040x For example, the payer has to withhold tax if the recipient has provided a U. 2010 1040x S. 2010 1040x address for a nominee, trustee, or agent to whom the benefits are delivered, but has not provided his or her own U. 2010 1040x S. 2010 1040x home address. 2010 1040x   If you do not give the payer a home address in the United States or its possessions, you can choose not to have tax withheld only if you certify to the payer that you are not a U. 2010 1040x S. 2010 1040x citizen, a U. 2010 1040x S. 2010 1040x resident alien, or someone who left the country to avoid tax. 2010 1040x But if you so certify, you may be subject to the 30% flat rate withholding that applies to nonresident aliens. 2010 1040x This 30% rate will not apply if you are exempt or subject to a reduced rate by treaty. 2010 1040x For details, get Publication 519. 2010 1040x Periodic payments. 2010 1040x   Unless you choose no withholding, your annuity or similar periodic payments (other than eligible rollover distributions) will be treated like wages for withholding purposes. 2010 1040x Periodic payments are amounts paid at regular intervals (such as weekly, monthly, or yearly) for a period of time greater than one year (such as for 15 years or for life). 2010 1040x You should give the payer a completed withholding certificate (Form W-4P or a similar form provided by the payer). 2010 1040x If you do not, tax will be withheld as if you were married and claiming three withholding allowances. 2010 1040x   Tax will be withheld as if you were single and were claiming no withholding allowances if: You do not give the payer your social security number (in the required manner), or The IRS notifies the payer (before any payment is made) that you gave an incorrect social security number. 2010 1040x   You must file a new withholding certificate to change the amount of withholding. 2010 1040x Nonperiodic distributions. 2010 1040x    Unless you choose no withholding, the withholding rate for a nonperiodic distribution (a payment other than a periodic payment) that is not an eligible rollover distribution is 10% of the distribution. 2010 1040x You can also ask the payer to withhold an additional amount using Form W-4P. 2010 1040x The part of any loan treated as a distribution (except an offset amount to repay the loan), explained later, is subject to withholding under this rule. 2010 1040x Eligible rollover distribution. 2010 1040x    If you receive an eligible rollover distribution, 20% of it generally will be withheld for income tax. 2010 1040x You cannot choose not to have tax withheld from an eligible rollover distribution. 2010 1040x However, tax will not be withheld if you have the plan administrator pay the eligible rollover distribution directly to another qualified plan or an IRA in a direct rollover. 2010 1040x For more information about eligible rollover distributions, see Rollovers , later. 2010 1040x Estimated tax. 2010 1040x   Your estimated tax is the total of your expected income tax, self-employment tax, and certain other taxes for the year, minus your expected credits and withheld tax. 2010 1040x Generally, you must make estimated tax payments for 2014 if you expect to owe at least $1,000 in tax (after subtracting your withholding and credits) and you expect your withholding and credits to be less than the smaller of: 90% of the tax to be shown on your 2014 return, or 100% of the tax shown on your 2013 return. 2010 1040x If your adjusted gross income for 2013 was more than $150,000 ($75,000 if your filing status for 2014 is married filing separately), substitute 110% for 100% in (2) above. 2010 1040x For more information, get Publication 505, Tax Withholding and Estimated Tax. 2010 1040x In figuring your withholding or estimated tax, remember that a part of your monthly social security or equivalent tier 1 railroad retirement benefits may be taxable. 2010 1040x See Publication 915. 2010 1040x You can choose to have income tax withheld from those benefits. 2010 1040x Use Form W-4V to make this choice. 2010 1040x Cost (Investment in the Contract) Distributions from your pension or annuity plan may include amounts treated as a recovery of your cost (investment in the contract). 2010 1040x If any part of a distribution is treated as a recovery of your cost under the rules explained in this publication, that part is tax free. 2010 1040x Therefore, the first step in figuring how much of a distribution is taxable is to determine the cost of your pension or annuity. 2010 1040x In general, your cost is your net investment in the contract as of the annuity starting date (or the date of the distribution, if earlier). 2010 1040x To find this amount, you must first figure the total premiums, contributions, or other amounts you paid. 2010 1040x This includes the amounts your employer contributed that were taxable to you when paid. 2010 1040x (However, see Foreign employment contributions , later. 2010 1040x ) It does not include amounts withheld from your pay on a tax-deferred basis (money that was taken out of your gross pay before taxes were deducted). 2010 1040x It also does not include amounts you contributed for health and accident benefits (including any additional premiums paid for double indemnity or disability benefits). 2010 1040x From this total cost you must subtract the following amounts. 2010 1040x Any refunded premiums, rebates, dividends, or unrepaid loans that were not included in your income and that you received by the later of the annuity starting date or the date on which you received your first payment. 2010 1040x Any other tax-free amounts you received under the contract or plan by the later of the dates in (1). 2010 1040x If you must use the Simplified Method for your annuity payments, the tax-free part of any single-sum payment received in connection with the start of the annuity payments, regardless of when you received it. 2010 1040x (See Simplified Method , later, for information on its required use. 2010 1040x ) If you use the General Rule for your annuity payments, the value of the refund feature in your annuity contract. 2010 1040x (See General Rule , later, for information on its use. 2010 1040x ) Your annuity contract has a refund feature if the annuity payments are for your life (or the lives of you and your survivor) and payments in the nature of a refund of the annuity's cost will be made to your beneficiary or estate if all annuitants die before a stated amount or a stated number of payments are made. 2010 1040x For more information, see Publication 939. 2010 1040x The tax treatment of the items described in (1) through (3) is discussed later under Taxation of Nonperiodic Payments . 2010 1040x Form 1099-R. 2010 1040x If you began receiving periodic payments of a life annuity in 2013, the payer should show your total contributions to the plan in box 9b of your 2013 Form 1099-R. 2010 1040x Annuity starting date defined. 2010 1040x   Your annuity starting date is the later of the first day of the first period for which you received a payment or the date the plan's obligations became fixed. 2010 1040x Example. 2010 1040x On January 1, you completed all your payments required under an annuity contract providing for monthly payments starting on August 1 for the period beginning July 1. 2010 1040x The annuity starting date is July 1. 2010 1040x This is the date you use in figuring the cost of the contract and selecting the appropriate number from Table 1 for line 3 of the Simplified Method Worksheet. 2010 1040x Designated Roth accounts. 2010 1040x   Your cost in these accounts is your designated Roth contributions that were included in your income as wages subject to applicable withholding requirements. 2010 1040x Your cost will also include any in-plan Roth rollovers you included in income. 2010 1040x Foreign employment contributions. 2010 1040x   If you worked abroad, your cost may include contributions by your employer to the retirement plan, but only if those contributions would be excludible from your gross income had they been paid directly to you as compensation. 2010 1040x The contributions that apply are: Contributions before 1963 by your employer, Contributions after 1962 by your employer if the contributions would be excludible from your gross income (not including the foreign earned income exclusion) had they been paid directly to you, or Contributions after 1996 by your employer if you performed the services of a foreign missionary (a duly ordained, commissioned, or licensed minister of a church or a lay person) but only if the contributions would be excludible from your gross income had they been paid directly to you. 2010 1040x Foreign employment contributions while a nonresident alien. 2010 1040x   In determining your cost, special rules apply if you are a U. 2010 1040x S. 2010 1040x citizen or resident alien who received distributions in 2013 from a plan to which contributions were made while you were a nonresident alien. 2010 1040x Your contributions and your employer's contributions are not included in your cost if the contribution: Was made based on compensation which was for services performed outside the United States while you were a nonresident alien, and Was not subject to income tax under the laws of the United States or any foreign country, but only if the contribution would have been subject to income tax if paid as cash compensation when the services were performed. 2010 1040x Taxation of Periodic Payments This section explains how the periodic payments you receive from a pension or annuity plan are taxed. 2010 1040x Periodic payments are amounts paid at regular intervals (such as weekly, monthly, or yearly) for a period of time greater than one year (such as for 15 years or for life). 2010 1040x These payments are also known as amounts received as an annuity. 2010 1040x If you receive an amount from your plan that is not a periodic payment, see Taxation of Nonperiodic Payments , later. 2010 1040x In general, you can recover the cost of your pension or annuity tax free over the period you are to receive the payments. 2010 1040x The amount of each payment that is more than the part that represents your cost is taxable (however, see Insurance Premiums for Retired Public Safety Officers , earlier). 2010 1040x Designated Roth accounts. 2010 1040x   If you receive a qualified distribution from a designated Roth account, the distribution is not included in your gross income. 2010 1040x This applies to both your cost in the account and income earned on that account. 2010 1040x A qualified distribution is generally a distribution that is: Made after a 5-tax-year period of participation, and Made on or after the date you reach age 59½, made to a beneficiary or your estate on or after your death, or attributable to your being disabled. 2010 1040x   If the distribution is not a qualified distribution, the rules discussed in this section apply. 2010 1040x The designated Roth account is treated as a separate contract. 2010 1040x Period of participation. 2010 1040x   The 5-tax-year period of participation is the 5-tax-year period beginning with the first tax year for which the participant made a designated Roth contribution to the plan. 2010 1040x Therefore, for designated Roth contributions made for 2013, the first year for which a qualified distribution can be made is 2018. 2010 1040x   However, if a direct rollover is made to the plan from a designated Roth account under another plan, the 5-tax-year period for the recipient plan begins with the first tax year for which the participant first had designated Roth contributions made to the other plan. 2010 1040x   Your 401(k), 403(b), or 457(b) plan may permit you to roll over amounts from those plans to a designated Roth account within the same plan. 2010 1040x This is known as an in-plan Roth rollover. 2010 1040x For more details, see In-plan Roth rollovers , later. 2010 1040x Fully Taxable Payments The pension or annuity payments that you receive are fully taxable if you have no cost in the contract because any of the following situations applies to you (however, see Insurance Premiums for Retired Public Safety Officers , earlier). 2010 1040x You did not pay anything or are not considered to have paid anything for your pension or annuity. 2010 1040x Amounts withheld from your pay on a tax-deferred basis are not considered part of the cost of the pension or annuity payment. 2010 1040x Your employer did not withhold contributions from your salary. 2010 1040x You got back all of your contributions tax free in prior years (however, see Exclusion not limited to cost under Partly Taxable Payments, later). 2010 1040x Report the total amount you got on Form 1040, line 16b; Form 1040A, line 12b; or on Form 1040NR, line 17b. 2010 1040x You should make no entry on Form 1040, line 16a; Form 1040A, line 12a; or Form 1040NR, line 17a. 2010 1040x Deductible voluntary employee contributions. 2010 1040x   Distributions you receive that are based on your accumulated deductible voluntary employee contributions are generally fully taxable in the year distributed to you. 2010 1040x Accumulated deductible voluntary employee contributions include net earnings on the contributions. 2010 1040x If distributed as part of a lump sum, they do not qualify for the 10-year tax option or capital gain treatment, explained later. 2010 1040x Partly Taxable Payments If you have a cost to recover from your pension or annuity plan (see Cost (Investment in the Contract) , earlier), you can exclude part of each annuity payment from income as a recovery of your cost. 2010 1040x This tax-free part of the payment is figured when your annuity starts and remains the same each year, even if the amount of the payment changes. 2010 1040x The rest of each payment is taxable (however, see Insurance Premiums for Retired Public Safety Officers , earlier). 2010 1040x You figure the tax-free part of the payment using one of the following methods. 2010 1040x Simplified Method. 2010 1040x You generally must use this method if your annuity is paid under a qualified plan (a qualified employee plan, a qualified employee annuity, or a tax-sheltered annuity plan or contract). 2010 1040x You cannot use this method if your annuity is paid under a nonqualified plan. 2010 1040x General Rule. 2010 1040x You must use this method if your annuity is paid under a nonqualified plan. 2010 1040x You generally cannot use this method if your annuity is paid under a qualified plan. 2010 1040x You determine which method to use when you first begin receiving your annuity, and you continue using it each year that you recover part of your cost. 2010 1040x If you had more than one partly taxable pension or annuity, figure the tax-free part and the taxable part of each separately. 2010 1040x Qualified plan annuity starting before November 19, 1996. 2010 1040x   If your annuity is paid under a qualified plan and your annuity starting date (defined earlier under Cost (Investment in the Contract) ) is after July 1, 1986, and before November 19, 1996, you could have chosen to use either the Simplified Method or the General Rule. 2010 1040x If your annuity starting date is before July 2, 1986, you use the General Rule unless your annuity qualified for the Three-Year Rule. 2010 1040x If you used the Three-Year Rule (which was repealed for annuities starting after July 1, 1986), your annuity payments are generally now fully taxable. 2010 1040x Exclusion limit. 2010 1040x   Your annuity starting date determines the total amount of annuity payments that you can exclude from income over the years. 2010 1040x Once your annuity starting date is determined, it does not change. 2010 1040x If you calculate the taxable portion of your annuity payments using the simplified method worksheet, the annuity starting date determines the recovery period for your cost. 2010 1040x That recovery period begins on your annuity starting date and is not affected by the date you first complete the worksheet. 2010 1040x Exclusion limited to cost. 2010 1040x   If your annuity starting date is after 1986, the total amount of annuity income that you can exclude over the years as a recovery of the cost cannot exceed your total cost. 2010 1040x Any unrecovered cost at your (or the last annuitant's) death is allowed as a miscellaneous itemized deduction on the final return of the decedent. 2010 1040x This deduction is not subject to the 2%-of-adjusted-gross-income limit. 2010 1040x Example 1. 2010 1040x Your annuity starting date is after 1986, and you exclude $100 a month ($1,200 a year) under the Simplified Method. 2010 1040x The total cost of your annuity is $12,000. 2010 1040x Your exclusion ends when you have recovered your cost tax free, that is, after 10 years (120 months). 2010 1040x After that, your annuity payments are generally fully taxable. 2010 1040x Example 2. 2010 1040x The facts are the same as in Example 1, except you die (with no surviving annuitant) after the eighth year of retirement. 2010 1040x You have recovered tax free only $9,600 (8 × $1,200) of your cost. 2010 1040x An itemized deduction for your unrecovered cost of $2,400 ($12,000 – $9,600) can be taken on your final return. 2010 1040x Exclusion not limited to cost. 2010 1040x   If your annuity starting date is before 1987, you can continue to take your monthly exclusion for as long as you receive your annuity. 2010 1040x If you chose a joint and survivor annuity, your survivor can continue to take the survivor's exclusion figured as of the annuity starting date. 2010 1040x The total exclusion may be more than your cost. 2010 1040x Simplified Method Under the Simplified Method, you figure the tax-free part of each annuity payment by dividing your cost by the total number of anticipated monthly payments. 2010 1040x For an annuity that is payable for the lives of the annuitants, this number is based on the annuitants' ages on the annuity starting date and is determined from a table. 2010 1040x For any other annuity, this number is the number of monthly annuity payments under the contract. 2010 1040x Who must use the Simplified Method. 2010 1040x   You must use the Simplified Method if your annuity starting date is after November 18, 1996, and you meet both of the following conditions. 2010 1040x You receive your pension or annuity payments from any of the following plans. 2010 1040x A qualified employee plan. 2010 1040x A qualified employee annuity. 2010 1040x A tax-sheltered annuity plan (403(b) plan). 2010 1040x On your annuity starting date, at least one of the following conditions applies to you. 2010 1040x You are under age 75. 2010 1040x You are entitled to less than 5 years of guaranteed payments. 2010 1040x Guaranteed payments. 2010 1040x   Your annuity contract provides guaranteed payments if a minimum number of payments or a minimum amount (for example, the amount of your investment) is payable even if you and any survivor annuitant do not live to receive the minimum. 2010 1040x If the minimum amount is less than the total amount of the payments you are to receive, barring death, during the first 5 years after payments begin (figured by ignoring any payment increases), you are entitled to less than 5 years of guaranteed payments. 2010 1040x Annuity starting before November 19, 1996. 2010 1040x   If your annuity starting date is after July 1, 1986, and before November 19, 1996, and you chose to use the Simplified Method, you must continue to use it each year that you recover part of your cost. 2010 1040x You could have chosen to use the Simplified Method if your annuity is payable for your life (or the lives of you and your survivor annuitant) and you met both of the conditions listed earlier under Who must use the Simplified Method . 2010 1040x Who cannot use the Simplified Method. 2010 1040x   You cannot use the Simplified Method if you receive your pension or annuity from a nonqualified plan or otherwise do not meet the conditions described in the preceding discussion. 2010 1040x See General Rule , later. 2010 1040x How to use the Simplified Method. 2010 1040x    Complete Worksheet A in the back of this publication to figure your taxable annuity for 2013. 2010 1040x Be sure to keep the completed worksheet; it will help you figure your taxable annuity next year. 2010 1040x   To complete line 3 of the worksheet, you must determine the total number of expected monthly payments for your annuity. 2010 1040x How you do this depends on whether the annuity is for a single life, multiple lives, or a fixed period. 2010 1040x For this purpose, treat an annuity that is payable over the life of an annuitant as payable for that annuitant's life even if the annuity has a fixed-period feature or also provides a temporary annuity payable to the annuitant's child under age 25. 2010 1040x    You do not need to complete line 3 of the worksheet or make the computation on line 4 if you received annuity payments last year and used last year's worksheet to figure your taxable annuity. 2010 1040x Instead, enter the amount from line 4 of last year's worksheet on line 4 of this year's worksheet. 2010 1040x Single-life annuity. 2010 1040x   If your annuity is payable for your life alone, use Table 1 at the bottom of the worksheet to determine the total number of expected monthly payments. 2010 1040x Enter on line 3 the number shown for your age on your annuity starting date. 2010 1040x This number will differ depending on whether your annuity starting date is before November 19, 1996, or after November 18, 1996. 2010 1040x Multiple-lives annuity. 2010 1040x   If your annuity is payable for the lives of more than one annuitant, use Table 2 at the bottom of the worksheet to determine the total number of expected monthly payments. 2010 1040x Enter on line 3 the number shown for the annuitants' combined ages on the annuity starting date. 2010 1040x For an annuity payable to you as the primary annuitant and to more than one survivor annuitant, combine your age and the age of the youngest survivor annuitant. 2010 1040x For an annuity that has no primary annuitant and is payable to you and others as survivor annuitants, combine the ages of the oldest and youngest annuitants. 2010 1040x Do not treat as a survivor annuitant anyone whose entitlement to payments depends on an event other than the primary annuitant's death. 2010 1040x   However, if your annuity starting date is before 1998, do not use Table 2 and do not combine the annuitants' ages. 2010 1040x Instead, you must use Table 1 at the bottom of the worksheet and enter on line 3 the number shown for the primary annuitant's age on the annuity starting date. 2010 1040x This number will differ depending on whether your annuity starting date is before November 19, 1996, or after November 18, 1996. 2010 1040x Fixed-period annuity. 2010 1040x   If your annuity does not depend in whole or in part on anyone's life expectancy, the total number of expected monthly payments to enter on line 3 of the worksheet is the number of monthly annuity payments under the contract. 2010 1040x Line 6. 2010 1040x   The amount on line 6 should include all amounts that could have been recovered in prior years. 2010 1040x If you did not recover an amount in a prior year, you may be able to amend your returns for the affected years. 2010 1040x Example. 2010 1040x Bill Smith, age 65, began receiving retirement benefits in 2013 under a joint and survivor annuity. 2010 1040x Bill's annuity starting date is January 1, 2013. 2010 1040x The benefits are to be paid for the joint lives of Bill and his wife, Kathy, age 65. 2010 1040x Bill had contributed $31,000 to a qualified plan and had received no distributions before the annuity starting date. 2010 1040x Bill is to receive a retirement benefit of $1,200 a month, and Kathy is to receive a monthly survivor benefit of $600 upon Bill's death. 2010 1040x Bill must use the Simplified Method to figure his taxable annuity because his payments are from a qualified plan and he is under age 75. 2010 1040x Because his annuity is payable over the lives of more than one annuitant, he uses his and Kathy's combined ages and Table 2 at the bottom of Worksheet A in completing line 3 of the worksheet. 2010 1040x His completed worksheet is shown later. 2010 1040x Bill's tax-free monthly amount is $100 ($31,000 ÷ 310) as shown on line 4 of the worksheet. 2010 1040x Upon Bill's death, if Bill has not recovered the full $31,000 investment, Kathy will also exclude $100 from her $600 monthly payment. 2010 1040x The full amount of any annuity payments received after 310 payments are paid must be included in gross income. 2010 1040x If Bill and Kathy die before 310 payments are made, a miscellaneous itemized deduction will be allowed for the unrecovered cost on the final income tax return of the last to die. 2010 1040x This deduction is not subject to the 2%-of-adjusted-gross-income limit. 2010 1040x Worksheet A. 2010 1040x Simplified Method Worksheet for Bill Smith 1. 2010 1040x Enter the total pension or annuity payments received this year. 2010 1040x Also, add this amount to the total for Form 1040, line 16a; Form 1040A, line 12a; or Form 1040NR, line 17a 1. 2010 1040x $14,400 2. 2010 1040x Enter your cost in the plan (contract) at the annuity starting date plus any death benefit exclusion. 2010 1040x * See Cost (Investment in the Contract) , earlier 2. 2010 1040x 31,000   Note. 2010 1040x If your annuity starting date was before this year and you completed this worksheet last year, skip line 3 and enter the amount from line 4 of last year's worksheet on line 4 below (even if the amount of your pension or annuity has changed). 2010 1040x Otherwise, go to line 3. 2010 1040x     3. 2010 1040x Enter the appropriate number from Table 1 below. 2010 1040x But if your annuity starting date was after 1997 and the payments are for your life and that of your beneficiary, enter the appropriate number from Table 2 below 3. 2010 1040x 310 4. 2010 1040x Divide line 2 by the number on line 3 4. 2010 1040x 100 5. 2010 1040x Multiply line 4 by the number of months for which this year's payments were made. 2010 1040x If your annuity starting date was before 1987, enter this amount on line 8 below and skip lines 6, 7, 10, and 11. 2010 1040x Otherwise, go to line 6 5. 2010 1040x 1,200 6. 2010 1040x Enter any amount previously recovered tax free in years after 1986. 2010 1040x This is the amount shown on line 10 of your worksheet for last year 6. 2010 1040x -0- 7. 2010 1040x Subtract line 6 from line 2 7. 2010 1040x 31,000 8. 2010 1040x Enter the smaller of line 5 or line 7 8. 2010 1040x 1,200 9. 2010 1040x Taxable amount for year. 2010 1040x Subtract line 8 from line 1. 2010 1040x Enter the result, but not less than zero. 2010 1040x Also, add this amount to the total for Form 1040, line 16b; Form 1040A, line 12b; or Form 1040NR, line 17b. 2010 1040x Note: If your Form 1099-R shows a larger taxable amount, use the amount figured on this line instead. 2010 1040x If you are a retired public safety officer, see Insurance Premiums for Retired Public Safety Officers , earlier, before entering an amount on your tax return 9. 2010 1040x $13,200 10. 2010 1040x Was your annuity starting date before 1987? □ Yes. 2010 1040x STOP. 2010 1040x Do not complete the rest of this worksheet. 2010 1040x  ☑ No. 2010 1040x Add lines 6 and 8. 2010 1040x This is the amount you have recovered tax free through 2013. 2010 1040x You will need this number if you need to fill out this worksheet next year 10. 2010 1040x 1,200 11. 2010 1040x Balance of cost to be recovered. 2010 1040x Subtract line 10 from line 2. 2010 1040x If zero, you will not have to complete this worksheet next year. 2010 1040x The payments you receive next year will generally be fully taxable 11. 2010 1040x $29,800         * A death benefit exclusion (up to $5,000) applied to certain benefits received by employees who died before August 21, 1996. 2010 1040x           Table 1 for Line 3 Above       AND your annuity starting date was—     IF the age at annuity starting date was. 2010 1040x . 2010 1040x . 2010 1040x BEFORE November 19, 1996, enter on line 3. 2010 1040x . 2010 1040x . 2010 1040x AFTER November 18, 1996, enter on line 3. 2010 1040x . 2010 1040x . 2010 1040x     55 or under 300 360     56-60 260 310     61-65 240 260     66-70 170 210     71 or older 120 160     Table 2 for Line 3 Above     IF the combined ages at  annuity starting date were. 2010 1040x . 2010 1040x . 2010 1040x THEN enter on line 3. 2010 1040x . 2010 1040x . 2010 1040x     110 or under   410     111-120   360     121-130   310     131-140   260     141 or older   210   Multiple annuitants. 2010 1040x   If you and one or more other annuitants receive payments at the same time, you exclude from each annuity payment a pro rata share of the monthly tax-free amount. 2010 1040x Figure your share by taking the following steps. 2010 1040x Complete your worksheet through line 4 to figure the monthly tax-free amount. 2010 1040x Divide the amount of your monthly payment by the total amount of the monthly payments to all annuitants. 2010 1040x Multiply the amount on line 4 of your worksheet by the amount figured in (2) above. 2010 1040x The result is your share of the monthly tax-free amount. 2010 1040x   Replace the amount on line 4 of the worksheet with the result in (3) above. 2010 1040x Enter that amount on line 4 of your worksheet each year. 2010 1040x General Rule Under the General Rule, you determine the tax-free part of each annuity payment based on the ratio of the cost of the contract to the total expected return. 2010 1040x Expected return is the total amount you and other eligible annuitants can expect to receive under the contract. 2010 1040x To figure it, you must use life expectancy (actuarial) tables prescribed by the IRS. 2010 1040x Who must use the General Rule. 2010 1040x   You must use the General Rule if you receive pension or annuity payments from: A nonqualified plan (such as a private annuity, a purchased commercial annuity, or a nonqualified employee plan), or A qualified plan if you are age 75 or older on your annuity starting date and your annuity payments are guaranteed for at least 5 years. 2010 1040x Annuity starting before November 19, 1996. 2010 1040x   If your annuity starting date is after July 1, 1986, and before November 19, 1996, you had to use the General Rule for either circumstance just described. 2010 1040x You also had to use it for any fixed-period annuity. 2010 1040x If you did not have to use the General Rule, you could have chosen to use it. 2010 1040x If your annuity starting date is before July 2, 1986, you had to use the General Rule unless you could use the Three-Year Rule. 2010 1040x   If you had to use the General Rule (or chose to use it), you must continue to use it each year that you recover your cost. 2010 1040x Who cannot use the General Rule. 2010 1040x   You cannot use the General Rule if you receive your pension or annuity from a qualified plan and none of the circumstances described in the preceding discussions apply to you. 2010 1040x See Simplified Method , earlier. 2010 1040x More information. 2010 1040x   For complete information on using the General Rule, including the actuarial tables you need, see Publication 939. 2010 1040x Taxation of Nonperiodic Payments This section of the publication explains how any nonperiodic distributions you receive under a pension or annuity plan are taxed. 2010 1040x Nonperiodic distributions are also known as amounts not received as an annuity. 2010 1040x They include all payments other than periodic payments and corrective distributions. 2010 1040x For example, the following items are treated as nonperiodic distributions. 2010 1040x Cash withdrawals. 2010 1040x Distributions of current earnings (dividends) on your investment. 2010 1040x However, do not include these distributions in your income to the extent the insurer keeps them to pay premiums or other consideration for the contract. 2010 1040x Certain loans. 2010 1040x See Loans Treated as Distributions , later. 2010 1040x The value of annuity contracts transferred without full and adequate consideration. 2010 1040x See Transfers of Annuity Contracts , later. 2010 1040x Corrective distributions of excess plan contributions. 2010 1040x   Generally, if the contributions made for you during the year to certain retirement plans exceed certain limits, the excess is taxable to you. 2010 1040x To correct an excess, your plan may distribute it to you (along with any income earned on the excess). 2010 1040x Although the plan reports the corrective distributions on Form 1099-R, the distribution is not treated as a nonperiodic distribution from the plan. 2010 1040x It is not subject to the allocation rules explained in the following discussion, it cannot be rolled over into another plan, and it is not subject to the additional tax on early distributions. 2010 1040x    If your retirement plan made a corrective distribution of excess amounts (excess deferrals, excess contributions, or excess annual additions), your Form 1099-R should have the code “8,” “B,” “P,” or “E” in box 7. 2010 1040x   For information on plan contribution limits and how to report corrective distributions of excess contributions, see Retirement Plan Contributions under Employee Compensation in Publication 525. 2010 1040x Figuring the Taxable Amount How you figure the taxable amount of a nonperiodic distribution depends on whether it is made before the annuity starting date, or on or after the annuity starting date. 2010 1040x If it is made before the annuity starting date, its tax treatment also depends on whether it is made under a qualified or nonqualified plan. 2010 1040x If it is made under a nonqualified plan, its tax treatment depends on whether it fully discharges the contract, is received under certain life insurance or endowment contracts, or is allocable to an investment you made before August 14, 1982. 2010 1040x You may be able to roll over the taxable amount of a nonperiodic distribution from a qualified retirement plan into another qualified retirement plan or a traditional IRA tax free. 2010 1040x See Rollovers, later. 2010 1040x If you do not make a tax-free rollover and the distribution qualifies as a lump-sum distribution, you may be able to elect an optional method of figuring the tax on the taxable amount. 2010 1040x See Lump-Sum Distributions, later. 2010 1040x Annuity starting date. 2010 1040x   The annuity starting date is either the first day of the first period for which you receive an annuity payment under the contract or the date on which the obligation under the contract becomes fixed, whichever is later. 2010 1040x Distributions of employer securities. 2010 1040x    If you receive a distribution of employer securities from a qualified retirement plan, you may be able to defer the tax on the net unrealized appreciation (NUA) in the securities. 2010 1040x The NUA is the net increase in the securities' value while they were in the trust. 2010 1040x This tax deferral applies to distributions of the employer corporation's stocks, bonds, registered debentures, and debentures with interest coupons attached. 2010 1040x   If the distribution is a lump-sum distribution, tax is deferred on all of the NUA unless you choose to include it in your income for the year of the distribution. 2010 1040x    A lump-sum distribution for this purpose is the distribution or payment of a plan participant's entire balance (within a single tax year) from all of the employer's qualified plans of one kind (pension, profit-sharing, or stock bonus plans), but only if paid: Because of the plan participant's death, After the participant reaches age 59½, Because the participant, if an employee, separates from service, or After the participant, if a self-employed individual, becomes totally and permanently disabled. 2010 1040x    If you choose to include NUA in your income for the year of the distribution and the participant was born before January 2, 1936, you may be able to figure the tax on the NUA using the optional methods described und