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2010 Form 1040ez Instructions

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2010 Form 1040ez Instructions

2010 form 1040ez instructions Publication 530 - Main Content Table of Contents What You Can and Cannot DeductHardest Hit Fund and Emergency Homeowners' Loan Programs Real Estate Taxes Sales Taxes Home Mortgage Interest Mortgage Insurance Premiums Mortgage Interest CreditFiguring the Credit BasisFiguring Your Basis Adjusted Basis Keeping Records How To Get Tax HelpLow Income Taxpayer Clinics What You Can and Cannot Deduct To deduct expenses of owning a home, you must file Form 1040, U. 2010 form 1040ez instructions S. 2010 form 1040ez instructions Individual Income Tax Return, and itemize your deductions on Schedule A (Form 1040). 2010 form 1040ez instructions If you itemize, you cannot take the standard deduction. 2010 form 1040ez instructions This section explains what expenses you can deduct as a homeowner. 2010 form 1040ez instructions It also points out expenses that you cannot deduct. 2010 form 1040ez instructions There are four primary discussions: real estate taxes, sales taxes, home mortgage interest, and mortgage insurance premiums. 2010 form 1040ez instructions Generally, your real estate taxes, home mortgage interest, and mortgage insurance premiums are included in your house payment. 2010 form 1040ez instructions Your house payment. 2010 form 1040ez instructions   If you took out a mortgage (loan) to finance the purchase of your home, you probably have to make monthly house payments. 2010 form 1040ez instructions Your house payment may include several costs of owning a home. 2010 form 1040ez instructions The only costs you can deduct are real estate taxes actually paid to the taxing authority, interest that qualifies as home mortgage interest, and mortgage insurance premiums. 2010 form 1040ez instructions These are discussed in more detail later. 2010 form 1040ez instructions   Some nondeductible expenses that may be included in your house payment include: Fire or homeowner's insurance premiums, and The amount applied to reduce the principal of the mortgage. 2010 form 1040ez instructions Minister's or military housing allowance. 2010 form 1040ez instructions   If you are a minister or a member of the uniformed services and receive a housing allowance that is not taxable, you still can deduct your real estate taxes and your home mortgage interest. 2010 form 1040ez instructions You do not have to reduce your deductions by your nontaxable allowance. 2010 form 1040ez instructions For more information see Publication 517, Social Security and Other Information for Members of the Clergy and Religious Workers, and Publication 3, Armed Forces' Tax Guide. 2010 form 1040ez instructions Nondeductible payments. 2010 form 1040ez instructions   You cannot deduct any of the following items. 2010 form 1040ez instructions Insurance (other than mortgage insurance premiums), including fire and comprehensive coverage, and title insurance. 2010 form 1040ez instructions Wages you pay for domestic help. 2010 form 1040ez instructions Depreciation. 2010 form 1040ez instructions The cost of utilities, such as gas, electricity, or water. 2010 form 1040ez instructions Most settlement costs. 2010 form 1040ez instructions See Settlement or closing costs under Cost as Basis, later, for more information. 2010 form 1040ez instructions Forfeited deposits, down payments, or earnest money. 2010 form 1040ez instructions Hardest Hit Fund and Emergency Homeowners' Loan Programs You can use a special method to compute your deduction for mortgage interest and real estate taxes on your main home if you meet the following two conditions. 2010 form 1040ez instructions You received assistance under: A State Housing Finance Agency (State HFA) Hardest Hit Fund program in which program payments could be used to pay mortgage interest, or An Emergency Homeowners' Loan Program administered by the Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD) or a state. 2010 form 1040ez instructions You meet the rules to deduct all of the mortgage interest on your loan and all of the real estate taxes on your main home. 2010 form 1040ez instructions If you meet these tests, then you can deduct all of the payments you actually made during the year to your mortgage servicer, the State HFA, or HUD on the home mortgage (including the amount shown on box 3 of Form 1098-MA, Mortgage Assistance Payments), but not more than the sum of the amounts shown on Form 1098, Mortgage Interest Statement, in box 1 (mortgage interest received), box 4 (mortgage insurance premiums) and box 5 (real property taxes). 2010 form 1040ez instructions However, you are not required to use this special method to compute your deduction for mortgage interest and real estate taxes on your main home. 2010 form 1040ez instructions Real Estate Taxes Most state and local governments charge an annual tax on the value of real property. 2010 form 1040ez instructions This is called a real estate tax. 2010 form 1040ez instructions You can deduct the tax if it is assessed uniformly at a like rate on all real property throughout the community. 2010 form 1040ez instructions The proceeds must be for general community or governmental purposes and not be a payment for a special privilege granted or service rendered to you. 2010 form 1040ez instructions Deductible Real Estate Taxes You can deduct real estate taxes imposed on you. 2010 form 1040ez instructions You must have paid them either at settlement or closing, or to a taxing authority (either directly or through an escrow account) during the year. 2010 form 1040ez instructions If you own a cooperative apartment, see Special Rules for Cooperatives , later. 2010 form 1040ez instructions Where to deduct real estate taxes. 2010 form 1040ez instructions   Enter the amount of your deductible real estate taxes on Schedule A (Form 1040), line 6. 2010 form 1040ez instructions Real estate taxes paid at settlement or closing. 2010 form 1040ez instructions   Real estate taxes are generally divided so that you and the seller each pay taxes for the part of the property tax year you owned the home. 2010 form 1040ez instructions Your share of these taxes is fully deductible if you itemize your deductions. 2010 form 1040ez instructions Division of real estate taxes. 2010 form 1040ez instructions   For federal income tax purposes, the seller is treated as paying the property taxes up to, but not including, the date of sale. 2010 form 1040ez instructions You (the buyer) are treated as paying the taxes beginning with the date of sale. 2010 form 1040ez instructions This applies regardless of the lien dates under local law. 2010 form 1040ez instructions Generally, this information is included on the settlement statement you get at closing. 2010 form 1040ez instructions   You and the seller each are considered to have paid your own share of the taxes, even if one or the other paid the entire amount. 2010 form 1040ez instructions You each can deduct your own share, if you itemize deductions, for the year the property is sold. 2010 form 1040ez instructions Example. 2010 form 1040ez instructions You bought your home on September 1. 2010 form 1040ez instructions The property tax year (the period to which the tax relates) in your area is the calendar year. 2010 form 1040ez instructions The tax for the year was $730 and was due and paid by the seller on August 15. 2010 form 1040ez instructions You owned your new home during the property tax year for 122 days (September 1 to December 31, including your date of purchase). 2010 form 1040ez instructions You figure your deduction for real estate taxes on your home as follows. 2010 form 1040ez instructions 1. 2010 form 1040ez instructions Enter the total real estate taxes for the real property tax year $730 2. 2010 form 1040ez instructions Enter the number of days in the property tax year that you owned the property 122 3. 2010 form 1040ez instructions Divide line 2 by 365 . 2010 form 1040ez instructions 3342 4. 2010 form 1040ez instructions Multiply line 1 by line 3. 2010 form 1040ez instructions This is your deduction. 2010 form 1040ez instructions Enter it on Schedule A (Form 1040), line 6 $244   You can deduct $244 on your return for the year if you itemize your deductions. 2010 form 1040ez instructions You are considered to have paid this amount and can deduct it on your return even if, under the contract, you did not have to reimburse the seller. 2010 form 1040ez instructions Delinquent taxes. 2010 form 1040ez instructions   Delinquent taxes are unpaid taxes that were imposed on the seller for an earlier tax year. 2010 form 1040ez instructions If you agree to pay delinquent taxes when you buy your home, you cannot deduct them. 2010 form 1040ez instructions You treat them as part of the cost of your home. 2010 form 1040ez instructions See Real estate taxes , later, under Basis. 2010 form 1040ez instructions Escrow accounts. 2010 form 1040ez instructions   Many monthly house payments include an amount placed in escrow (put in the care of a third party) for real estate taxes. 2010 form 1040ez instructions You may not be able to deduct the total you pay into the escrow account. 2010 form 1040ez instructions You can deduct only the real estate taxes that the lender actually paid from escrow to the taxing authority. 2010 form 1040ez instructions Your real estate tax bill will show this amount. 2010 form 1040ez instructions Refund or rebate of real estate taxes. 2010 form 1040ez instructions   If you receive a refund or rebate of real estate taxes this year for amounts you paid this year, you must reduce your real estate tax deduction by the amount refunded to you. 2010 form 1040ez instructions If the refund or rebate was for real estate taxes paid for a prior year, you may have to include some or all of the refund in your income. 2010 form 1040ez instructions For more information, see Recoveries in Publication 525, Taxable and Nontaxable Income. 2010 form 1040ez instructions Items You Cannot Deduct as Real Estate Taxes The following items are not deductible as real estate taxes. 2010 form 1040ez instructions Charges for services. 2010 form 1040ez instructions   An itemized charge for services to specific property or people is not a tax, even if the charge is paid to the taxing authority. 2010 form 1040ez instructions You cannot deduct the charge as a real estate tax if it is: A unit fee for the delivery of a service (such as a $5 fee charged for every 1,000 gallons of water you use), A periodic charge for a residential service (such as a $20 per month or $240 annual fee charged for trash collection), or A flat fee charged for a single service provided by your local government (such as a $30 charge for mowing your lawn because it had grown higher than permitted under a local ordinance). 2010 form 1040ez instructions    You must look at your real estate tax bill to decide if any nondeductible itemized charges, such as those listed above, are included in the bill. 2010 form 1040ez instructions If your taxing authority (or lender) does not furnish you a copy of your real estate tax bill, ask for it. 2010 form 1040ez instructions Contact the taxing authority if you need additional information about a specific charge on your real estate tax bill. 2010 form 1040ez instructions Assessments for local benefits. 2010 form 1040ez instructions   You cannot deduct amounts you pay for local benefits that tend to increase the value of your property. 2010 form 1040ez instructions Local benefits include the construction of streets, sidewalks, or water and sewer systems. 2010 form 1040ez instructions You must add these amounts to the basis of your property. 2010 form 1040ez instructions   You can, however, deduct assessments (or taxes) for local benefits if they are for maintenance, repair, or interest charges related to those benefits. 2010 form 1040ez instructions An example is a charge to repair an existing sidewalk and any interest included in that charge. 2010 form 1040ez instructions   If only a part of the assessment is for maintenance, repair, or interest charges, you must be able to show the amount of that part to claim the deduction. 2010 form 1040ez instructions If you cannot show what part of the assessment is for maintenance, repair, or interest charges, you cannot deduct any of it. 2010 form 1040ez instructions   An assessment for a local benefit may be listed as an item in your real estate tax bill. 2010 form 1040ez instructions If so, use the rules in this section to find how much of it, if any, you can deduct. 2010 form 1040ez instructions Transfer taxes (or stamp taxes). 2010 form 1040ez instructions   You cannot deduct transfer taxes and similar taxes and charges on the sale of a personal home. 2010 form 1040ez instructions If you are the buyer and you pay them, include them in the cost basis of the property. 2010 form 1040ez instructions If you are the seller and you pay them, they are expenses of the sale and reduce the amount realized on the sale. 2010 form 1040ez instructions Homeowners association assessments. 2010 form 1040ez instructions   You cannot deduct these assessments because the homeowners association, rather than a state or local government, imposes them. 2010 form 1040ez instructions Special Rules for Cooperatives If you own a cooperative apartment, some special rules apply to you, though you generally receive the same tax treatment as other homeowners. 2010 form 1040ez instructions As an owner of a cooperative apartment, you own shares of stock in a corporation that owns or leases housing facilities. 2010 form 1040ez instructions You can deduct your share of the corporation's deductible real estate taxes if the cooperative housing corporation meets the following conditions: The corporation has only one class of stock outstanding, Each stockholder, solely because of ownership of the stock, can live in a house, apartment, or house trailer owned or leased by the corporation, No stockholder can receive any distribution out of capital, except on a partial or complete liquidation of the corporation, and At least one of the following: At least 80% of the corporation's gross income for the tax year was paid by the tenant-stockholders. 2010 form 1040ez instructions For this purpose, gross income means all income received during the entire tax year, including any received before the corporation changed to cooperative ownership. 2010 form 1040ez instructions At least 80% of the total square footage of the corporation's property must be available for use by the tenant-stockholders during the entire tax year. 2010 form 1040ez instructions At least 90% of the expenditures paid or incurred by the corporation were used for the acquisition, construction, management, maintenance, or care of the property for the benefit of the tenant-shareholders during the entire tax year. 2010 form 1040ez instructions Tenant-stockholders. 2010 form 1040ez instructions   A tenant-stockholder can be any entity (such as a corporation, trust, estate, partnership, or association) as well as an individual. 2010 form 1040ez instructions The tenant-stockholder does not have to live in any of the cooperative's dwelling units. 2010 form 1040ez instructions The units that the tenant-stockholder has the right to occupy can be rented to others. 2010 form 1040ez instructions Deductible taxes. 2010 form 1040ez instructions   You figure your share of real estate taxes in the following way. 2010 form 1040ez instructions Divide the number of your shares of stock by the total number of shares outstanding, including any shares held by the corporation. 2010 form 1040ez instructions Multiply the corporation's deductible real estate taxes by the number you figured in (1). 2010 form 1040ez instructions This is your share of the real estate taxes. 2010 form 1040ez instructions   Generally, the corporation will tell you your share of its real estate tax. 2010 form 1040ez instructions This is the amount you can deduct if it reasonably reflects the cost of real estate taxes for your dwelling unit. 2010 form 1040ez instructions Refund of real estate taxes. 2010 form 1040ez instructions   If the corporation receives a refund of real estate taxes it paid in an earlier year, it must reduce the amount of real estate taxes paid this year when it allocates the tax expense to you. 2010 form 1040ez instructions Your deduction for real estate taxes the corporation paid this year is reduced by your share of the refund the corporation received. 2010 form 1040ez instructions Sales Taxes Generally, you can elect to deduct state and local general sales taxes instead of state and local income taxes as an itemized deduction on Schedule A (Form 1040). 2010 form 1040ez instructions Deductible sales taxes may include sales taxes paid on your home (including mobile and prefabricated), or home building materials if the tax rate was the same as the general sales tax rate. 2010 form 1040ez instructions For information on figuring your deduction, see the Instructions for Schedule A (Form 1040). 2010 form 1040ez instructions If you elect to deduct the sales taxes paid on your home, or home building materials, you cannot include them as part of your cost basis in the home. 2010 form 1040ez instructions Home Mortgage Interest This section of the publication gives you basic information about home mortgage interest, including information on interest paid at settlement, points, and Form 1098, Mortgage Interest Statement. 2010 form 1040ez instructions Most home buyers take out a mortgage (loan) to buy their home. 2010 form 1040ez instructions They then make monthly payments to either the mortgage holder or someone collecting the payments for the mortgage holder. 2010 form 1040ez instructions Usually, you can deduct the entire part of your payment that is for mortgage interest, if you itemize your deductions on Schedule A (Form 1040). 2010 form 1040ez instructions However, your deduction may be limited if: Your total mortgage balance is more than $1 million ($500,000 if married filing separately), or You took out a mortgage for reasons other than to buy, build, or improve your home. 2010 form 1040ez instructions If either of these situations applies to you, see Publication 936 for more information. 2010 form 1040ez instructions Also see Publication 936 if you later refinance your mortgage or buy a second home. 2010 form 1040ez instructions Refund of home mortgage interest. 2010 form 1040ez instructions   If you receive a refund of home mortgage interest that you deducted in an earlier year and that reduced your tax, you generally must include the refund in income in the year you receive it. 2010 form 1040ez instructions For more information, see Recoveries in Publication 525. 2010 form 1040ez instructions The amount of the refund will usually be shown on the mortgage interest statement you receive from your mortgage lender. 2010 form 1040ez instructions See Mortgage Interest Statement , later. 2010 form 1040ez instructions Deductible Mortgage Interest To be deductible, the interest you pay must be on a loan secured by your main home or a second home. 2010 form 1040ez instructions The loan can be a first or second mortgage, a home improvement loan, or a home equity loan. 2010 form 1040ez instructions Prepaid interest. 2010 form 1040ez instructions   If you pay interest in advance for a period that goes beyond the end of the tax year, you must spread this interest over the tax years to which it applies. 2010 form 1040ez instructions Generally, you can deduct in each year only the interest that qualifies as home mortgage interest for that year. 2010 form 1040ez instructions An exception (discussed later) applies to points. 2010 form 1040ez instructions Late payment charge on mortgage payment. 2010 form 1040ez instructions   You can deduct as home mortgage interest a late payment charge if it was not for a specific service in connection with your mortgage loan. 2010 form 1040ez instructions Mortgage prepayment penalty. 2010 form 1040ez instructions   If you pay off your home mortgage early, you may have to pay a penalty. 2010 form 1040ez instructions You can deduct that penalty as home mortgage interest provided the penalty is not for a specific service performed or cost incurred in connection with your mortgage loan. 2010 form 1040ez instructions Ground rent. 2010 form 1040ez instructions   In some states (such as Maryland), you may buy your home subject to a ground rent. 2010 form 1040ez instructions A ground rent is an obligation you assume to pay a fixed amount per year on the property. 2010 form 1040ez instructions Under this arrangement, you are leasing (rather than buying) the land on which your home is located. 2010 form 1040ez instructions Redeemable ground rents. 2010 form 1040ez instructions   If you make annual or periodic rental payments on a redeemable ground rent, you can deduct the payments as mortgage interest. 2010 form 1040ez instructions The ground rent is a redeemable ground rent only if all of the following are true. 2010 form 1040ez instructions Your lease, including renewal periods, is for more than 15 years. 2010 form 1040ez instructions You can freely assign the lease. 2010 form 1040ez instructions You have a present or future right (under state or local law) to end the lease and buy the lessor's entire interest in the land by paying a specified amount. 2010 form 1040ez instructions The lessor's interest in the land is primarily a security interest to protect the rental payments to which he or she is entitled. 2010 form 1040ez instructions   Payments made to end the lease and buy the lessor's entire interest in the land are not redeemable ground rents. 2010 form 1040ez instructions You cannot deduct them. 2010 form 1040ez instructions Nonredeemable ground rents. 2010 form 1040ez instructions   Payments on a nonredeemable ground rent are not mortgage interest. 2010 form 1040ez instructions You can deduct them as rent only if they are a business expense or if they are for rental property. 2010 form 1040ez instructions Cooperative apartment. 2010 form 1040ez instructions   You can usually treat the interest on a loan you took out to buy stock in a cooperative housing corporation as home mortgage interest if you own a cooperative apartment, and the cooperative housing corporation meets the conditions described earlier under Special Rules for Cooperatives . 2010 form 1040ez instructions In addition, you can treat as home mortgage interest your share of the corporation's deductible mortgage interest. 2010 form 1040ez instructions Figure your share of mortgage interest the same way that is shown for figuring your share of real estate taxes in the Example under Division of real estate taxes, earlier. 2010 form 1040ez instructions For more information on cooperatives, see Special Rule for Tenant-Stockholders in Cooperative Housing Corporations in Publication 936. 2010 form 1040ez instructions Refund of cooperative's mortgage interest. 2010 form 1040ez instructions   You must reduce your mortgage interest deduction by your share of any cash portion of a patronage dividend that the cooperative receives. 2010 form 1040ez instructions The patronage dividend is a partial refund to the cooperative housing corporation of mortgage interest it paid in a prior year. 2010 form 1040ez instructions   If you receive a Form 1098 from the cooperative housing corporation, the form should show only the amount you can deduct. 2010 form 1040ez instructions Mortgage Interest Paid at Settlement One item that normally appears on a settlement or closing statement is home mortgage interest. 2010 form 1040ez instructions You can deduct the interest that you pay at settlement if you itemize your deductions on Schedule A (Form 1040). 2010 form 1040ez instructions This amount should be included in the mortgage interest statement provided by your lender. 2010 form 1040ez instructions See the discussion under Mortgage Interest Statement , later. 2010 form 1040ez instructions Also, if you pay interest in advance, see Prepaid interest , earlier, and Points , next. 2010 form 1040ez instructions Points The term “points” is used to describe certain charges paid, or treated as paid, by a borrower to obtain a home mortgage. 2010 form 1040ez instructions Points also may be called loan origination fees, maximum loan charges, loan discount, or discount points. 2010 form 1040ez instructions A borrower is treated as paying any points that a home seller pays for the borrower's mortgage. 2010 form 1040ez instructions See Points paid by the seller , later. 2010 form 1040ez instructions General rule. 2010 form 1040ez instructions   You cannot deduct the full amount of points in the year paid. 2010 form 1040ez instructions They are prepaid interest, so you generally must deduct them over the life (term) of the mortgage. 2010 form 1040ez instructions Exception. 2010 form 1040ez instructions   You can deduct the full amount of points in the year paid if you meet all the following tests. 2010 form 1040ez instructions Your loan is secured by your main home. 2010 form 1040ez instructions (Generally, your main home is the one you live in most of the time. 2010 form 1040ez instructions ) Paying points is an established business practice in the area where the loan was made. 2010 form 1040ez instructions The points paid were not more than the points generally charged in that area. 2010 form 1040ez instructions You use the cash method of accounting. 2010 form 1040ez instructions This means you report income in the year you receive it and deduct expenses in the year you pay them. 2010 form 1040ez instructions Most individuals use this method. 2010 form 1040ez instructions The points were not paid in place of amounts that ordinarily are stated separately on the settlement statement, such as appraisal fees, inspection fees, title fees, attorney fees, and property taxes. 2010 form 1040ez instructions The funds you provided at or before closing, plus any points the seller paid, were at least as much as the points charged. 2010 form 1040ez instructions The funds you provided are not required to have been applied to the points. 2010 form 1040ez instructions They can include a down payment, an escrow deposit, earnest money, and other funds you paid at or before closing for any purpose. 2010 form 1040ez instructions You cannot have borrowed these funds. 2010 form 1040ez instructions You use your loan to buy or build your main home. 2010 form 1040ez instructions The points were computed as a percentage of the principal amount of the mortgage. 2010 form 1040ez instructions The amount is clearly shown on the settlement statement (such as the Uniform Settlement Statement, Form HUD-1) as points charged for the mortgage. 2010 form 1040ez instructions The points may be shown as paid from either your funds or the seller's. 2010 form 1040ez instructions Note. 2010 form 1040ez instructions If you meet all of the tests listed above and you itemize your deductions in the year you get the loan, you can either deduct the full amount of points in the year paid or deduct them over the life of the loan, beginning in the year you get the loan. 2010 form 1040ez instructions If you do not itemize your deductions in the year you get the loan, you can spread the points over the life of the loan and deduct the appropriate amount in each future year, if any, when you do itemize your deductions. 2010 form 1040ez instructions Home improvement loan. 2010 form 1040ez instructions   You can also fully deduct in the year paid points paid on a loan to improve your main home, if you meet the first six tests listed earlier. 2010 form 1040ez instructions Refinanced loan. 2010 form 1040ez instructions   If you use part of the refinanced mortgage proceeds to improve your main home and you meet the first six tests listed earlier, you can fully deduct the part of the points related to the improvement in the year you paid them with your own funds. 2010 form 1040ez instructions You can deduct the rest of the points over the life of the loan. 2010 form 1040ez instructions Points not fully deductible in year paid. 2010 form 1040ez instructions    If you do not qualify under the exception to deduct the full amount of points in the year paid (or choose not to do so), see Points in Publication 936 for the rules on when and how much you can deduct. 2010 form 1040ez instructions Figure A. 2010 form 1040ez instructions   You can use Figure A, next, as a quick guide to see whether your points are fully deductible in the year paid. 2010 form 1040ez instructions    Please click here for the text description of the image. 2010 form 1040ez instructions Figure A. 2010 form 1040ez instructions Are my points fully deductible this year? Amounts charged for services. 2010 form 1040ez instructions   Amounts charged by the lender for specific services connected to the loan are not interest. 2010 form 1040ez instructions Examples of these charges are: Appraisal fees, Notary fees, and Preparation costs for the mortgage note or deed of trust. 2010 form 1040ez instructions You cannot deduct these amounts as points either in the year paid or over the life of the mortgage. 2010 form 1040ez instructions For information about the tax treatment of these amounts and other settlement fees and closing costs, see Basis , later. 2010 form 1040ez instructions Points paid by the seller. 2010 form 1040ez instructions   The term “points” includes loan placement fees that the seller pays to the lender to arrange financing for the buyer. 2010 form 1040ez instructions Treatment by seller. 2010 form 1040ez instructions   The seller cannot deduct these fees as interest. 2010 form 1040ez instructions However, they are a selling expense that reduces the seller's amount realized. 2010 form 1040ez instructions See Publication 523 for more information. 2010 form 1040ez instructions Treatment by buyer. 2010 form 1040ez instructions   The buyer treats seller-paid points as if he or she had paid them. 2010 form 1040ez instructions If all the tests listed earlier under Exception are met, the buyer can deduct the points in the year paid. 2010 form 1040ez instructions If any of those tests are not met, the buyer must deduct the points over the life of the loan. 2010 form 1040ez instructions   The buyer must also reduce the basis of the home by the amount of the seller-paid points. 2010 form 1040ez instructions For more information about the basis of your home, see Basis , later. 2010 form 1040ez instructions Funds provided are less than points. 2010 form 1040ez instructions   If you meet all the tests listed earlier under Exception except that the funds you provided were less than the points charged to you (test 6), you can deduct the points in the year paid up to the amount of funds you provided. 2010 form 1040ez instructions In addition, you can deduct any points paid by the seller. 2010 form 1040ez instructions Example 1. 2010 form 1040ez instructions When you took out a $100,000 mortgage loan to buy your home in December, you were charged one point ($1,000). 2010 form 1040ez instructions You meet all the tests for deducting points in the year paid (see Exception , earlier), except the only funds you provided were a $750 down payment. 2010 form 1040ez instructions Of the $1,000 you were charged for points, you can deduct $750 in the year paid. 2010 form 1040ez instructions You spread the remaining $250 over the life of the mortgage. 2010 form 1040ez instructions Example 2. 2010 form 1040ez instructions The facts are the same as in Example 1 , except that the person who sold you your home also paid one point ($1,000) to help you get your mortgage. 2010 form 1040ez instructions In the year paid, you can deduct $1,750 ($750 of the amount you were charged plus the $1,000 paid by the seller). 2010 form 1040ez instructions You spread the remaining $250 over the life of the mortgage. 2010 form 1040ez instructions You must reduce the basis of your home by the $1,000 paid by the seller. 2010 form 1040ez instructions Excess points. 2010 form 1040ez instructions   If you meet all the tests under Exception , earlier, except that the points paid were more than are generally charged in your area (test 3), you can deduct in the year paid only the points that are generally charged. 2010 form 1040ez instructions You must spread any additional points over the life of the mortgage. 2010 form 1040ez instructions Mortgage ending early. 2010 form 1040ez instructions   If you spread your deduction for points over the life of the mortgage, you can deduct any remaining balance in the year the mortgage ends. 2010 form 1040ez instructions A mortgage may end early due to a prepayment, refinancing, foreclosure, or similar event. 2010 form 1040ez instructions Example. 2010 form 1040ez instructions Dan paid $3,000 in points in 2006 that he had to spread out over the 15-year life of the mortgage. 2010 form 1040ez instructions He had deducted $1,400 of these points through 2012. 2010 form 1040ez instructions Dan prepaid his mortgage in full in 2013. 2010 form 1040ez instructions He can deduct the remaining $1,600 of points in 2013. 2010 form 1040ez instructions Exception. 2010 form 1040ez instructions   If you refinance the mortgage with the same lender, you cannot deduct any remaining points for the year. 2010 form 1040ez instructions Instead, deduct them over the term of the new loan. 2010 form 1040ez instructions Form 1098. 2010 form 1040ez instructions   The mortgage interest statement you receive should show not only the total interest paid during the year, but also your deductible points paid during the year. 2010 form 1040ez instructions See Mortgage Interest Statement , later. 2010 form 1040ez instructions Where To Deduct Home Mortgage Interest Enter on Schedule A (Form 1040), line 10, the home mortgage interest and points reported to you on Form 1098 (discussed next). 2010 form 1040ez instructions If you did not receive a Form 1098, enter your deductible interest on line 11, and any deductible points on line 12. 2010 form 1040ez instructions See Table 1 below for a summary of where to deduct home mortgage interest and real estate taxes. 2010 form 1040ez instructions If you paid home mortgage interest to the person from whom you bought your home, show that person's name, address, and social security number (SSN) or employer identification number (EIN) on the dotted lines next to line 11. 2010 form 1040ez instructions The seller must give you this number and you must give the seller your SSN. 2010 form 1040ez instructions Form W-9, Request for Taxpayer Identification Number and Certification, can be used for this purpose. 2010 form 1040ez instructions Failure to meet either of these requirements may result in a $50 penalty for each failure. 2010 form 1040ez instructions Table 1. 2010 form 1040ez instructions Where To Deduct Interest and Taxes Paid on Your Home See the text for information on what expenses are eligible. 2010 form 1040ez instructions IF you are eligible to deduct . 2010 form 1040ez instructions . 2010 form 1040ez instructions . 2010 form 1040ez instructions THEN report the amount  on Schedule A (Form 1040) . 2010 form 1040ez instructions . 2010 form 1040ez instructions . 2010 form 1040ez instructions real estate taxes line 6. 2010 form 1040ez instructions home mortgage interest and points reported on Form 1098 line 10. 2010 form 1040ez instructions home mortgage interest not reported on  Form 1098 line 11. 2010 form 1040ez instructions points not reported on Form 1098 line 12. 2010 form 1040ez instructions qualified mortgage insurance premiums line 13. 2010 form 1040ez instructions Mortgage Interest Statement If you paid $600 or more of mortgage interest (including certain points and mortgage insurance premiums) during the year on any one mortgage to a mortgage holder in the course of that holder's trade or business, you should receive a Form 1098 or similar statement from the mortgage holder. 2010 form 1040ez instructions The statement will show the total interest paid on your mortgage during the year. 2010 form 1040ez instructions If you bought a main home during the year, it also will show the deductible points you paid and any points you can deduct that were paid by the person who sold you your home. 2010 form 1040ez instructions See Points , earlier. 2010 form 1040ez instructions The interest you paid at settlement should be included on the statement. 2010 form 1040ez instructions If it is not, add the interest from the settlement sheet that qualifies as home mortgage interest to the total shown on Form 1098 or similar statement. 2010 form 1040ez instructions Put the total on Schedule A (Form 1040), line 10, and attach a statement to your return explaining the difference. 2010 form 1040ez instructions Write “See attached” to the right of line 10. 2010 form 1040ez instructions A mortgage holder can be a financial institution, a governmental unit, or a cooperative housing corporation. 2010 form 1040ez instructions If a statement comes from a cooperative housing corporation, it generally will show your share of interest. 2010 form 1040ez instructions Your mortgage interest statement for 2013 should be provided or sent to you by January 31, 2014. 2010 form 1040ez instructions If it is mailed, you should allow adequate time to receive it before contacting the mortgage holder. 2010 form 1040ez instructions A copy of this form will be sent to the IRS also. 2010 form 1040ez instructions Example. 2010 form 1040ez instructions You bought a new home on May 3. 2010 form 1040ez instructions You paid no points on the purchase. 2010 form 1040ez instructions During the year, you made mortgage payments which included $4,480 deductible interest on your new home. 2010 form 1040ez instructions The settlement sheet for the purchase of the home included interest of $620 for 29 days in May. 2010 form 1040ez instructions The mortgage statement you receive from the lender includes total interest of $5,100 ($4,480 + $620). 2010 form 1040ez instructions You can deduct the $5,100 if you itemize your deductions. 2010 form 1040ez instructions Refund of overpaid interest. 2010 form 1040ez instructions   If you receive a refund of mortgage interest you overpaid in a prior year, you generally will receive a Form 1098 showing the refund in box 3. 2010 form 1040ez instructions Generally, you must include the refund in income in the year you receive it. 2010 form 1040ez instructions See Refund of home mortgage interest , earlier, under Home Mortgage Interest. 2010 form 1040ez instructions More than one borrower. 2010 form 1040ez instructions   If you and at least one other person (other than your spouse if you file a joint return) were liable for and paid interest on a mortgage that was for your home, and the other person received a Form 1098 showing the interest that was paid during the year, attach a statement to your return explaining this. 2010 form 1040ez instructions Show how much of the interest each of you paid, and give the name and address of the person who received the form. 2010 form 1040ez instructions Deduct your share of the interest on Schedule A (Form 1040), line 11, and write “See attached” to the right of that line. 2010 form 1040ez instructions Mortgage Insurance Premiums You may be able to take an itemized deduction on Schedule A (Form 1040), line 13, for premiums you pay or accrue during 2013 for qualified mortgage insurance in connection with home acquisition debt on your qualified home. 2010 form 1040ez instructions Mortgage insurance premiums you paid or accrued on any mortgage insurance contract issued before January 1, 2007, are not deductible as an itemized deduction. 2010 form 1040ez instructions Qualified Mortgage Insurance Qualified mortgage insurance is mortgage insurance provided by the Veterans Administration, the Federal Housing Administration, or the Rural Housing Administration, and private mortgage insurance (as defined in section 2 of the Homeowners Protection Act of 1998 as in effect on December 20, 2006). 2010 form 1040ez instructions Prepaid mortgage insurance premiums. 2010 form 1040ez instructions   If you paid premiums that are allocable to periods after 2013, you must allocate them over the shorter of: The stated term of the mortgage, or 84 months, beginning with the month the insurance was obtained. 2010 form 1040ez instructions The premiums are treated as paid in the year to which they were allocated. 2010 form 1040ez instructions If the mortgage is satisfied before its term, no deduction is allowed for the unamortized balance. 2010 form 1040ez instructions See Publication 936 for details. 2010 form 1040ez instructions Exception for certain mortgage insurance. 2010 form 1040ez instructions   The allocation rules, explained above, do not apply to qualified mortgage insurance provided by the Department of Veterans Affairs or Rural Housing Service. 2010 form 1040ez instructions Home Acquisition Debt Home acquisition debt is a mortgage you took out after October 13, 1987, to buy, build, or substantially improve a qualified home. 2010 form 1040ez instructions It also must be secured by that home. 2010 form 1040ez instructions If the amount of your mortgage is more than the cost of the home plus the cost of any substantial improvements, only the debt that is not more than the cost of the home plus improvements qualifies as home acquisition debt. 2010 form 1040ez instructions Home acquisition debt limit. 2010 form 1040ez instructions   The total amount you can treat as home acquisition debt at any time on your home cannot be more than $1 million ($500,000 if married filing separately). 2010 form 1040ez instructions Discharges of qualified principal residence indebtedness. 2010 form 1040ez instructions   You can exclude from gross income any discharges of qualified principal residence indebtedness made after 2006 and before 2014. 2010 form 1040ez instructions You must reduce the basis of your principal residence (but not below zero) by the amount you exclude. 2010 form 1040ez instructions Principal residence. 2010 form 1040ez instructions   Your principal residence is the home where you ordinarily live most of the time. 2010 form 1040ez instructions You can have only one principal residence at any one time. 2010 form 1040ez instructions Qualified principal residence indebtedness. 2010 form 1040ez instructions   This is a mortgage that you took out to buy, build, or substantially improve your principal residence and that is secured by that residence. 2010 form 1040ez instructions If the amount of your original mortgage is more than the cost of your principal residence plus the cost of substantial improvements, qualified principal residence indebtedness cannot be more than the cost of your principal residence plus improvements. 2010 form 1040ez instructions   Any debt secured by your principal residence that you use to refinance qualified principal residence indebtedness is qualified principal residence indebtedness up to the amount of your old mortgage principal just before the refinancing. 2010 form 1040ez instructions Additional debt incurred to substantially improve your principal residence is also qualified principal residence indebtedness. 2010 form 1040ez instructions Amount you can exclude. 2010 form 1040ez instructions   You can only exclude debt discharged after 2006 and before 2014. 2010 form 1040ez instructions The most you can exclude is $2 million ($1 million if married filing separately). 2010 form 1040ez instructions You cannot exclude any amount that was discharged because of services performed for the lender or on account of any other factor not directly related either to a decline in the value of your residence or to your financial condition. 2010 form 1040ez instructions Ordering rule. 2010 form 1040ez instructions   If only a part of a loan is qualified principal residence indebtedness, you can exclude only the amount of the discharge that is more than the amount of the loan (immediately before the discharge) that is not qualified principal residence indebtedness. 2010 form 1040ez instructions Qualified Home This means your main home or your second home. 2010 form 1040ez instructions A home includes a house, condominium, cooperative, mobile home, house trailer, boat, or similar property that has sleeping, cooking, and toilet facilities. 2010 form 1040ez instructions Main home. 2010 form 1040ez instructions   You can have only one main home at any one time. 2010 form 1040ez instructions This is the home where you ordinarily live most of the time. 2010 form 1040ez instructions Second home and other special situations. 2010 form 1040ez instructions   If you have a second home, use part of your home for other than residential living (such as a home office), rent out part of your home, or are having your home constructed, see Qualified Home in Publication 936. 2010 form 1040ez instructions Limit on Deduction If your adjusted gross income (AGI) on Form 1040, line 38, is more than $100,000 ($50,000 if your filing status is married filing separately), the amount of your mortgage insurance premiums that are deductible is reduced and may be eliminated. 2010 form 1040ez instructions See Line 13 in the instructions for Schedule A (Form 1040) and complete the Mortgage Insurance Premiums Deduction Worksheet to figure the amount you can deduct. 2010 form 1040ez instructions If your AGI is more than $109,000 ($54,500 if married filing separately), you cannot deduct your mortgage insurance premiums. 2010 form 1040ez instructions Form 1098. 2010 form 1040ez instructions   The amount of mortgage insurance premiums you paid during 2013 should be reported in box 4. 2010 form 1040ez instructions See Form 1098, Mortgage Interest Statement in Publication 936. 2010 form 1040ez instructions Mortgage Interest Credit The mortgage interest credit is intended to help lower-income individuals afford home ownership. 2010 form 1040ez instructions If you qualify, you can claim the credit on Form 8396 each year for part of the home mortgage interest you pay. 2010 form 1040ez instructions Who qualifies. 2010 form 1040ez instructions   You may be eligible for the credit if you were issued a qualified Mortgage Credit Certificate (MCC) from your state or local government. 2010 form 1040ez instructions Generally, an MCC is issued only in connection with a new mortgage for the purchase of your main home. 2010 form 1040ez instructions The MCC will show the certificate credit rate you will use to figure your credit. 2010 form 1040ez instructions It also will show the certified indebtedness amount. 2010 form 1040ez instructions Only the interest on that amount qualifies for the credit. 2010 form 1040ez instructions See Figuring the Credit , later. 2010 form 1040ez instructions You must contact the appropriate government agency about getting an MCC before you get a mortgage and buy your home. 2010 form 1040ez instructions Contact your state or local housing finance agency for information about the availability of MCCs in your area. 2010 form 1040ez instructions How to claim the credit. 2010 form 1040ez instructions   To claim the credit, complete Form 8396 and attach it to your Form 1040 or Form 1040NR, U. 2010 form 1040ez instructions S. 2010 form 1040ez instructions Nonresident Alien Income Tax Return. 2010 form 1040ez instructions Include the credit in your total for Form 1040, line 53, or Form 1040NR, line 50; be sure to check box c and write “Form 8396” on that line. 2010 form 1040ez instructions Reducing your home mortgage interest deduction. 2010 form 1040ez instructions   If you itemize your deductions on Schedule A (Form 1040), you must reduce your home mortgage interest deduction by the amount of the mortgage interest credit shown on Form 8396, line 3. 2010 form 1040ez instructions You must do this even if part of that amount is to be carried forward to 2014. 2010 form 1040ez instructions Selling your home. 2010 form 1040ez instructions   If you purchase a home after 1990 using an MCC, and you sell that home within 9 years, you may have to recapture (repay) all or part of the benefit you received from the MCC program. 2010 form 1040ez instructions For additional information, see Recapturing (Paying Back) a Federal Mortgage Subsidy, in Publication 523. 2010 form 1040ez instructions Figuring the Credit Figure your credit on Form 8396. 2010 form 1040ez instructions Mortgage not more than certified indebtedness. 2010 form 1040ez instructions   If your mortgage loan amount is equal to (or smaller than) the certified indebtedness amount shown on your MCC, enter on Form 8396, line 1, all the interest you paid on your mortgage during the year. 2010 form 1040ez instructions Mortgage more than certified indebtedness. 2010 form 1040ez instructions   If your mortgage loan amount is larger than the certified indebtedness amount shown on your MCC, you can figure the credit on only part of the interest you paid. 2010 form 1040ez instructions To find the amount to enter on line 1, multiply the total interest you paid during the year on your mortgage by the following fraction. 2010 form 1040ez instructions Certified indebtedness amount on your MCC Original amount of your mortgage   The fraction will not change as long as you are entitled to take the mortgage interest credit. 2010 form 1040ez instructions Example. 2010 form 1040ez instructions Emily bought a home this year. 2010 form 1040ez instructions Her mortgage loan is $125,000. 2010 form 1040ez instructions The certified indebtedness amount on her MCC is $100,000. 2010 form 1040ez instructions She paid $7,500 interest this year. 2010 form 1040ez instructions Emily figures the interest to enter on Form 8396, line 1, as follows:   $100,000 = 80% (. 2010 form 1040ez instructions 80)       $125,000       $7,500 x . 2010 form 1040ez instructions 80 = $6,000   Emily enters $6,000 on Form 8396, line 1. 2010 form 1040ez instructions In each later year, she will figure her credit using only 80% of the interest she pays for that year. 2010 form 1040ez instructions Limits Two limits may apply to your credit. 2010 form 1040ez instructions A limit based on the credit rate, and A limit based on your tax. 2010 form 1040ez instructions Limit based on credit rate. 2010 form 1040ez instructions   If the certificate credit rate is higher than 20%, the credit you are allowed cannot be more than $2,000. 2010 form 1040ez instructions Limit based on tax. 2010 form 1040ez instructions   After applying the limit based on the credit rate, your credit generally cannot be more than your tax liability. 2010 form 1040ez instructions See the Credit Limit Worksheet in the Form 8396 instructions to calculate the limit based on tax. 2010 form 1040ez instructions Dividing the Credit If two or more persons (other than a married couple filing a joint return) hold an interest in the home to which the MCC relates, the credit must be divided based on the interest held by each person. 2010 form 1040ez instructions Example. 2010 form 1040ez instructions John and his brother, George, were issued an MCC. 2010 form 1040ez instructions They used it to get a mortgage on their main home. 2010 form 1040ez instructions John has a 60% ownership interest in the home, and George has a 40% ownership interest in the home. 2010 form 1040ez instructions John paid $5,400 mortgage interest this year and George paid $3,600. 2010 form 1040ez instructions The MCC shows a credit rate of 25% and a certified indebtedness amount of $130,000. 2010 form 1040ez instructions The loan amount (mortgage) on their home is $120,000. 2010 form 1040ez instructions The credit is limited to $2,000 because the credit rate is more than 20%. 2010 form 1040ez instructions John figures the credit by multiplying the mortgage interest he paid this year ($5,400) by the certificate credit rate (25%) for a total of $1,350. 2010 form 1040ez instructions His credit is limited to $1,200 ($2,000 × 60%). 2010 form 1040ez instructions George figures the credit by multiplying the mortgage interest he paid this year ($3,600) by the certificate credit rate (25%) for a total of $900. 2010 form 1040ez instructions His credit is limited to $800 ($2,000 × 40%). 2010 form 1040ez instructions Carryforward If your allowable credit is reduced because of the limit based on your tax, you can carry forward the unused portion of the credit to the next 3 years or until used, whichever comes first. 2010 form 1040ez instructions Example. 2010 form 1040ez instructions You receive a mortgage credit certificate from State X. 2010 form 1040ez instructions This year, your regular tax liability is $1,100, you owe no alternative minimum tax, and your mortgage interest credit is $1,700. 2010 form 1040ez instructions You claim no other credits. 2010 form 1040ez instructions Your unused mortgage interest credit for this year is $600 ($1,700 − $1,100). 2010 form 1040ez instructions You can carry forward this amount to the next 3 years or until used, whichever comes first. 2010 form 1040ez instructions Credit rate more than 20%. 2010 form 1040ez instructions   If you are subject to the $2,000 limit because your certificate credit rate is more than 20%, you cannot carry forward any amount more than $2,000 (or your share of the $2,000 if you must divide the credit). 2010 form 1040ez instructions Example. 2010 form 1040ez instructions In the earlier example under Dividing the Credit , John and George used the entire $2,000 credit. 2010 form 1040ez instructions The excess   John $1,350 − $1,200 = $150     George $900 − $800 = $100   $150 for John ($1,350 − $1,200) and $100 for George ($900 − $800) cannot be carried forward to future years, despite the respective tax liabilities for John and George. 2010 form 1040ez instructions Refinancing If you refinance your original mortgage loan on which you had been given an MCC, you must get a new MCC to be able to claim the credit on the new loan. 2010 form 1040ez instructions The amount of credit you can claim on the new loan may change. 2010 form 1040ez instructions Table 2 below summarizes how to figure your credit if you refinance your original mortgage loan. 2010 form 1040ez instructions Table 2. 2010 form 1040ez instructions Effect of Refinancing on Your Credit IF you get a new (reissued) MCC and the amount of your new mortgage is . 2010 form 1040ez instructions . 2010 form 1040ez instructions . 2010 form 1040ez instructions THEN the interest you claim on Form 8396, line 1, is* . 2010 form 1040ez instructions . 2010 form 1040ez instructions . 2010 form 1040ez instructions smaller than or equal to the certified indebtedness amount on the new MCC all the interest paid during the year on your new mortgage. 2010 form 1040ez instructions larger than the certified indebtedness amount on the new MCC interest paid during the year on your new mortgage multiplied by the following fraction. 2010 form 1040ez instructions         certified indebtedness  amount on your new MCC       original amount of your  mortgage   *The credit using the new MCC cannot be more than the credit using the old MCC. 2010 form 1040ez instructions  See New MCC cannot increase your credit above. 2010 form 1040ez instructions An issuer may reissue an MCC after you refinance your mortgage. 2010 form 1040ez instructions If you did not get a new MCC, you may want to contact the state or local housing finance agency that issued your original MCC for information about whether you can get a reissued MCC. 2010 form 1040ez instructions Year of refinancing. 2010 form 1040ez instructions   In the year of refinancing, add the applicable amount of interest paid on the old mortgage and the applicable amount of interest paid on the new mortgage, and enter the total on Form 8396, line 1. 2010 form 1040ez instructions   If your new MCC has a credit rate different from the rate on the old MCC, you must attach a statement to Form 8396. 2010 form 1040ez instructions The statement must show the calculation for lines 1, 2, and 3 for the part of the year when the old MCC was in effect. 2010 form 1040ez instructions It must show a separate calculation for the part of the year when the new MCC was in effect. 2010 form 1040ez instructions Combine the amounts from both calculations for line 3, enter the total on line 3 of the form, and write “See attached” on the dotted line next to line 2. 2010 form 1040ez instructions New MCC cannot increase your credit. 2010 form 1040ez instructions   The credit that you claim with your new MCC cannot be more than the credit that you could have claimed with your old MCC. 2010 form 1040ez instructions   In most cases, the agency that issues your new MCC will make sure that it does not increase your credit. 2010 form 1040ez instructions However, if either your old loan or your new loan has a variable (adjustable) interest rate, you will need to check this yourself. 2010 form 1040ez instructions In that case, you will need to know the amount of the credit you could have claimed using the old MCC. 2010 form 1040ez instructions   There are two methods for figuring the credit you could have claimed. 2010 form 1040ez instructions Under one method, you figure the actual credit that would have been allowed. 2010 form 1040ez instructions This means you use the credit rate on the old MCC and the interest you would have paid on the old loan. 2010 form 1040ez instructions   If your old loan was a variable rate mortgage, you can use another method to determine the credit that you could have claimed. 2010 form 1040ez instructions Under this method, you figure the credit using a payment schedule of a hypothetical self-amortizing mortgage with level payments projected to the final maturity date of the old mortgage. 2010 form 1040ez instructions The interest rate of the hypothetical mortgage is the annual percentage rate (APR) of the new mortgage for purposes of the Federal Truth in Lending Act. 2010 form 1040ez instructions The principal of the hypothetical mortgage is the remaining outstanding balance of the certified mortgage indebtedness shown on the old MCC. 2010 form 1040ez instructions    You must choose one method and use it consistently beginning with the first tax year for which you claim the credit based on the new MCC. 2010 form 1040ez instructions    As part of your tax records, you should keep your old MCC and the schedule of payments for your old mortgage. 2010 form 1040ez instructions Basis Basis is your starting point for figuring a gain or loss if you later sell your home, or for figuring depreciation if you later use part of your home for business purposes or for rent. 2010 form 1040ez instructions While you own your home, you may add certain items to your basis. 2010 form 1040ez instructions You may subtract certain other items from your basis. 2010 form 1040ez instructions These items are called adjustments to basis and are explained later under Adjusted Basis . 2010 form 1040ez instructions It is important that you understand these terms when you first acquire your home because you must keep track of your basis and adjusted basis during the period you own your home. 2010 form 1040ez instructions You also must keep records of the events that affect basis or adjusted basis. 2010 form 1040ez instructions See Keeping Records , below. 2010 form 1040ez instructions Figuring Your Basis How you figure your basis depends on how you acquire your home. 2010 form 1040ez instructions If you buy or build your home, your cost is your basis. 2010 form 1040ez instructions If you receive your home as a gift, your basis is usually the same as the adjusted basis of the person who gave you the property. 2010 form 1040ez instructions If you inherit your home from a decedent, different rules apply depending on the date of the decedent's death. 2010 form 1040ez instructions Each of these topics is discussed later. 2010 form 1040ez instructions Property transferred from a spouse. 2010 form 1040ez instructions   If your home is transferred to you from your spouse, or from your former spouse as a result of a divorce, your basis is the same as your spouse's (or former spouse's) adjusted basis just before the transfer. 2010 form 1040ez instructions Publication 504, Divorced or Separated Individuals, fully discusses transfers between spouses. 2010 form 1040ez instructions Cost as Basis The cost of your home, whether you purchased it or constructed it, is the amount you paid for it, including any debt you assumed. 2010 form 1040ez instructions The cost of your home includes most settlement or closing costs you paid when you bought the home. 2010 form 1040ez instructions If you built your home, your cost includes most closing costs paid when you bought the land or settled on your mortgage. 2010 form 1040ez instructions See Settlement or closing costs , later. 2010 form 1040ez instructions If you elect to deduct the sales taxes on the purchase or construction of your home as an itemized deduction on Schedule A (Form 1040), you cannot include the sales taxes as part of your cost basis in the home. 2010 form 1040ez instructions Purchase. 2010 form 1040ez instructions   The basis of a home you bought is the amount you paid for it. 2010 form 1040ez instructions This usually includes your down payment and any debt you assumed. 2010 form 1040ez instructions The basis of a cooperative apartment is the amount you paid for your shares in the corporation that owns or controls the property. 2010 form 1040ez instructions This amount includes any purchase commissions or other costs of acquiring the shares. 2010 form 1040ez instructions Construction. 2010 form 1040ez instructions   If you contracted to have your home built on land that you own, your basis in the home is your basis in the land plus the amount you paid to have the home built. 2010 form 1040ez instructions This includes the cost of labor and materials, the amount you paid the contractor, any architect's fees, building permit charges, utility meter and connection charges, and legal fees that are directly connected with building your home. 2010 form 1040ez instructions If you built all or part of your home yourself, your basis is the total amount it cost you to build it. 2010 form 1040ez instructions You cannot include in basis the value of your own labor or any other labor for which you did not pay. 2010 form 1040ez instructions Real estate taxes. 2010 form 1040ez instructions   Real estate taxes are usually divided so that you and the seller each pay taxes for the part of the property tax year that each owned the home. 2010 form 1040ez instructions See the earlier discussion of Real estate taxes paid at settlement or closing , under Real Estate Taxes, earlier, to figure the real estate taxes you paid or are considered to have paid. 2010 form 1040ez instructions   If you pay any part of the seller's share of the real estate taxes (the taxes up to the date of sale), and the seller did not reimburse you, add those taxes to your basis in the home. 2010 form 1040ez instructions You cannot deduct them as taxes paid. 2010 form 1040ez instructions   If the seller paid any of your share of the real estate taxes (the taxes beginning with the date of sale), you can still deduct those taxes. 2010 form 1040ez instructions Do not include those taxes in your basis. 2010 form 1040ez instructions If you did not reimburse the seller, you must reduce your basis by the amount of those taxes. 2010 form 1040ez instructions Example 1. 2010 form 1040ez instructions You bought your home on September 1. 2010 form 1040ez instructions The property tax year in your area is the calendar year, and the tax is due on August 15. 2010 form 1040ez instructions The real estate taxes on the home you bought were $1,275 for the year and had been paid by the seller on August 15. 2010 form 1040ez instructions You did not reimburse the seller for your share of the real estate taxes from September 1 through December 31. 2010 form 1040ez instructions You must reduce the basis of your home by the $426 [(122 ÷ 365) × $1,275] the seller paid for you. 2010 form 1040ez instructions You can deduct your $426 share of real estate taxes on your return for the year you purchased your home. 2010 form 1040ez instructions Example 2. 2010 form 1040ez instructions You bought your home on May 3, 2013. 2010 form 1040ez instructions The property tax year in your area is the calendar year. 2010 form 1040ez instructions The taxes for the previous year are assessed on January 2 and are due on May 31 and November 30. 2010 form 1040ez instructions Under state law, the taxes become a lien on May 31. 2010 form 1040ez instructions You agreed to pay all taxes due after the date of sale. 2010 form 1040ez instructions The taxes due in 2013 for 2012 were $1,375. 2010 form 1040ez instructions The taxes due in 2014 for 2013 will be $1,425. 2010 form 1040ez instructions You cannot deduct any of the taxes paid in 2013 because they relate to the 2012 property tax year and you did not own the home until 2013. 2010 form 1040ez instructions Instead, you add the $1,375 to the cost (basis) of your home. 2010 form 1040ez instructions You owned the home in 2013 for 243 days (May 3 to December 31), so you can take a tax deduction on your 2014 return of $949 [(243 ÷ 365) × $1,425] paid in 2014 for 2013. 2010 form 1040ez instructions You add the remaining $476 ($1,425 − $949) of taxes paid in 2014 to the cost (basis) of your home. 2010 form 1040ez instructions Settlement or closing costs. 2010 form 1040ez instructions   If you bought your home, you probably paid settlement or closing costs in addition to the contract price. 2010 form 1040ez instructions These costs are divided between you and the seller according to the sales contract, local custom, or understanding of the parties. 2010 form 1040ez instructions If you built your home, you probably paid these costs when you bought the land or settled on your mortgage. 2010 form 1040ez instructions   The only settlement or closing costs you can deduct are home mortgage interest and certain real estate taxes. 2010 form 1040ez instructions You deduct them in the year you buy your home if you itemize your deductions. 2010 form 1040ez instructions You can add certain other settlement or closing costs to the basis of your home. 2010 form 1040ez instructions Items added to basis. 2010 form 1040ez instructions   You can include in your basis the settlement fees and closing costs you paid for buying your home. 2010 form 1040ez instructions A fee is for buying the home if you would have had to pay it even if you paid cash for the home. 2010 form 1040ez instructions   The following are some of the settlement fees and closing costs that you can include in the original basis of your home. 2010 form 1040ez instructions Abstract fees (abstract of title fees). 2010 form 1040ez instructions Charges for installing utility services. 2010 form 1040ez instructions Legal fees (including fees for the title search and preparation of the sales contract and deed). 2010 form 1040ez instructions Recording fees. 2010 form 1040ez instructions Surveys. 2010 form 1040ez instructions Transfer or stamp taxes. 2010 form 1040ez instructions Owner's title insurance. 2010 form 1040ez instructions Any amount the seller owes that you agree to pay, such as back taxes or interest, recording or mortgage fees, cost for improvements or repairs, and sales commissions. 2010 form 1040ez instructions   If the seller actually paid for any item for which you are liable and for which you can take a deduction (such as your share of the real estate taxes for the year of sale), you must reduce your basis by that amount unless you are charged for it in the settlement. 2010 form 1040ez instructions Items not added to basis and not deductible. 2010 form 1040ez instructions   Here are some settlement and closing costs that you cannot deduct or add to your basis. 2010 form 1040ez instructions Fire insurance premiums. 2010 form 1040ez instructions Charges for using utilities or other services related to occupancy of the home before closing. 2010 form 1040ez instructions Rent for occupying the home before closing. 2010 form 1040ez instructions Charges connected with getting or refinancing a mortgage loan, such as: Loan assumption fees, Cost of a credit report, and Fee for an appraisal required by a lender. 2010 form 1040ez instructions Points paid by seller. 2010 form 1040ez instructions   If you bought your home after April 3, 1994, you must reduce your basis by any points paid for your mortgage by the person who sold you your home. 2010 form 1040ez instructions   If you bought your home after 1990 but before April 4, 1994, you must reduce your basis by seller-paid points only if you deducted them. 2010 form 1040ez instructions See Points , earlier, for the rules on deducting points. 2010 form 1040ez instructions Gift To figure the basis of property you receive as a gift, you must know its adjusted basis (defined later) to the donor just before it was given to you, its fair market value (FMV) at the time it was given to you, and any gift tax paid on it. 2010 form 1040ez instructions Fair market value. 2010 form 1040ez instructions   Fair market value (FMV) is the price at which property would change hands between a willing buyer and a willing seller, neither being under any compulsion to buy or sell and who both have a reasonable knowledge of all the necessary facts. 2010 form 1040ez instructions Donor's adjusted basis is more than FMV. 2010 form 1040ez instructions   If someone gave you your home and the donor's adjusted basis, when it was given to you, was more than the FMV, your basis at the time of receipt is the same as the donor's adjusted basis. 2010 form 1040ez instructions Disposition basis. 2010 form 1040ez instructions   If the donor's adjusted basis at the time of the gift is more than the FMV, your basis (plus or minus any required adjustments, see Adjusted Basis , later) when you dispose of the property will depend on whether you have a gain or a loss. 2010 form 1040ez instructions Your basis for figuring a gain is the same as the donor's adjusted basis. 2010 form 1040ez instructions Your basis for figuring a loss is the FMV when you received the gift. 2010 form 1040ez instructions If you use the donor's adjusted basis to figure a gain and it results in a loss, then you must use the FMV (at the time of the gift) to refigure the loss. 2010 form 1040ez instructions However, if using the FMV results in a gain, then you neither have a gain nor a loss. 2010 form 1040ez instructions Example 1. 2010 form 1040ez instructions Andrew received a house as a gift from Ishmael (the donor). 2010 form 1040ez instructions At the time of the gift, the home had an FMV of $80,000. 2010 form 1040ez instructions Ishmael's adjusted basis was $100,000. 2010 form 1040ez instructions After he received the house, no events occurred to increase or decrease the basis. 2010 form 1040ez instructions If Andrew sells the house for $120,000, he will have a $20,000 gain because he must use the donor's adjusted basis ($100,000) at the time of the gift as his basis to figure the gain. 2010 form 1040ez instructions Example 2. 2010 form 1040ez instructions Same facts as Example 1 , except this time Andrew sells the house for $70,000. 2010 form 1040ez instructions He will have a loss of $10,000 because he must use the FMV ($80,000) at the time of the gift as his basis to figure the loss. 2010 form 1040ez instructions Example 3. 2010 form 1040ez instructions Same facts as Example 1 , except this time Andrew sells the house for $90,000. 2010 form 1040ez instructions Initially, he figures the gain using Ishmael's adjusted basis ($100,000), which results in a loss of $10,000. 2010 form 1040ez instructions Since it is a loss, Andrew must now recalculate the loss using the FMV ($80,000), which results in a gain of $10,000. 2010 form 1040ez instructions So in this situation, Andrew will neither have a gain nor a loss. 2010 form 1040ez instructions Donor's adjusted basis equal to or less than the FMV. 2010 form 1040ez instructions   If someone gave you your home after 1976 and the donor's adjusted basis, when it was given to you, was equal to or less than the FMV, your basis at the time of receipt is the same as the donor's adjusted basis, plus the part of any federal gift tax paid that is due to the net increase in value of the home. 2010 form 1040ez instructions Part of federal gift tax due to net increase in value. 2010 form 1040ez instructions   Figure the part of the federal gift tax paid that is due to the net increase in value of the home by multiplying the total federal gift tax paid by a fraction. 2010 form 1040ez instructions The numerator (top part) of the fraction is the net increase in the value of the home, and the denominator (bottom part) is the value of the home for gift tax purposes after reduction for any annual exclusion and marital or charitable deduction that applies to the gift. 2010 form 1040ez instructions The net increase in the value of the home is its FMV minus the adjusted basis of the donor. 2010 form 1040ez instructions Publication 551 gives more information, including examples, on figuring your basis when you receive property as a gift. 2010 form 1040ez instructions Inheritance Your basis in a home you inherited is generally the fair market value of the home on the date of the decedent's death or on the alternative valuation date if the personal representative for the estate chooses to use alternative valuation. 2010 form 1040ez instructions If an estate tax return was filed, your basis is generally the value of the home listed on the estate tax return. 2010 form 1040ez instructions If an estate tax return was not filed, your basis is the appraised value of the home at the decedent's date of death for state inheritance or transmission taxes. 2010 form 1040ez instructions Publication 551 and Publication 559, Survivors, Executors, and Administrators, have more information on the basis of inherited property. 2010 form 1040ez instructions If you inherited your home from someone who died in 2010, and the executor of the decedent's estate made the election to file Form 8939, Allocation of Increase in Basis for Property Acquired From a Decedent, refer to the information provided by the executor or see Publication 4895, Tax Treatment of Property Acquired From a Decedent Dying in 2010. 2010 form 1040ez instructions Adjusted Basis While you own your home, various events may take place that can change the original basis of your home. 2010 form 1040ez instructions These events can increase or decrease your original basis. 2010 form 1040ez instructions The result is called adjusted basis. 2010 form 1040ez instructions See Table 3, on this page, for a list of some of the items that can adjust your basis. 2010 form 1040ez instructions Table 3. 2010 form 1040ez instructions Adjusted Basis This table lists examples of some items that generally will increase or decrease your basis in your home. 2010 form 1040ez instructions It is not intended to be all-inclusive. 2010 form 1040ez instructions Increases to Basis Decreases to Basis Improvements: Putting an addition on your home Replacing an entire roof Paving your driveway Installing central air conditioning Rewiring your home Assessments for local improvements (see Assessments for local benefits , under What You Can and Cannot Deduct, earlier) Amounts spent to restore damaged property Insurance or other reimbursement for casualty losses Deductible casualty loss not covered by insurance Payments received for easement or right-of-way granted Depreciation allowed or allowable if home is used for business or rental purposes Value of subsidy for energy conservation measure excluded from income Improvements. 2010 form 1040ez instructions   An improvement materially adds to the value of your home, considerably prolongs its useful life, or adapts it to new uses. 2010 form 1040ez instructions You must add the cost of any improvements to the basis of your home. 2010 form 1040ez instructions You cannot deduct these costs. 2010 form 1040ez instructions   Improvements include putting a recreation room in your unfinished basement, adding another bathroom or bedroom, putting up a fence, putting in new plumbing or wiring, installing a new roof, and paving your driveway. 2010 form 1040ez instructions Amount added to basis. 2010 form 1040ez instructions   The amount you add to your basis for improvements is your actual cost. 2010 form 1040ez instructions This includes all costs for material and labor, except your own labor, and all expenses related to the improvement. 2010 form 1040ez instructions For example, if you had your lot surveyed to put up a fence, the cost of the survey is a part of the cost of the fence. 2010 form 1040ez instructions   You also must add to your basis state and local assessments for improvements such as streets and sidewalks if they increase the value of the property. 2010 form 1040ez instructions These assessments are discussed earlier under Real Estate Taxes . 2010 form 1040ez instructions Improvements no longer part of home. 2010 form 1040ez instructions    Your home's adjusted basis does not include the cost of any improvements that are replaced and are no longer part of the home. 2010 form 1040ez instructions Example. 2010 form 1040ez instructions You put wall-to-wall carpeting in your home 15 years ago. 2010 form 1040ez instructions Later, you replaced that carpeting with new wall-to-wall carpeting. 2010 form 1040ez instructions The cost of the old carpeting you replaced is no longer part of your home's adjusted basis. 2010 form 1040ez instructions Repairs versus improvements. 2010 form 1040ez instructions   A repair keeps your home in an ordinary, efficient operating condition. 2010 form 1040ez instructions It does not add to the value of your home or prolong its life. 2010 form 1040ez instructions Repairs include repainting your home inside or outside, fixing your gutters or floors, fixing leaks or plastering, and replacing broken window panes. 2010 form 1040ez instructions You cannot deduct repair costs and generally cannot add them to the basis of your home. 2010 form 1040ez instructions   However, repairs that are done as part of an extensive remodeling or restoration of your home are considered improvements. 2010 form 1040ez instructions You add them to the basis of your home. 2010 form 1040ez instructions Records to keep. 2010 form 1040ez instructions   You can use Table 4 (at the end of the publication) as a guide to help you keep track of improvements to your home. 2010 form 1040ez instructions Also see Keeping Records , below. 2010 form 1040ez instructions Energy conservation subsidy. 2010 form 1040ez instructions   If a public utility gives you (directly or indirectly) a subsidy for the purchase or installation of an energy conservation measure for your home, do not include the value of that subsidy in your income. 2010 form 1040ez instructions You must reduce the basis of your home by that value. 2010 form 1040ez instructions   An energy conservation measure is an installation or modification primarily designed to reduce consumption of electricity or natural gas or to improve the management of energy demand. 2010 form 1040ez instructions Keeping Records Keeping full and accurate records is vital to properly report your income and expenses, to support your deductions and credits, and to know the basis or adjusted basis of your home. 2010 form 1040ez instructions These records include your purchase contract and settlement papers if you bought the property, or other objective evidence if you acquired it by gift, inheritance, or similar means. 2010 form 1040ez instructions You should keep any receipts, canceled checks, and similar evidence for improvements or other additions to the basis. 2010 form 1040ez instructions In addition, you should keep track of any decreases to the basis such as those listed in Table 3, earlier. 2010 form 1040ez instructions How to keep records. 2010 form 1040ez instructions   How you keep records is up to you, but they must be clear and accurate and must be available to the IRS. 2010 form 1040ez instructions How long to keep records. 2010 form 1040ez instructions   You must keep your records for as long as they are important for meeting any provision of the federal tax law. 2010 form 1040ez instructions   Keep records that support an item of income, a deduction, or a credit appearing on a return until the period of limitations for the return runs out. 2010 form 1040ez instructions (A period of limitations is the period of time after which no legal action can be brought. 2010 form 1040ez instructions ) For assessment of tax you owe, this is generally 3 years from the date you filed the return. 2010 form 1040ez instructions For filing a claim for credit or refund, this is generally 3 years from the date you filed the original return, or 2 years from the date you paid the tax, whichever is later. 2010 form 1040ez instructions Returns filed before the due date are treated as filed on the due date. 2010 form 1040ez instructions   You may need to keep records relating to the basis of property (discussed earlier) for longer than the period of limitations. 2010 form 1040ez instructions Keep those records as long as they are important in figuring the basis of the original or replacement property. 2010 form 1040ez instructions Generally, this means for as long as you own the property and, after you dispose of it, for the period of limitations that applies to you. 2010 form 1040ez instructions Table 4. 2010 form 1040ez instructions Record of Home Improvements Keep this for your records. 2010 form 1040ez instructions Also, keep receipts or other proof of improvements. 2010 form 1040ez instructions Remove from this record any improvements that are no longer part of your main home. 2010 form 1040ez instructions For example, if you put wall-to-wall carpeting in your home and later replace it with new wall-to-wall carpeting, remove the cost of the first carpeting. 2010 form 1040ez instructions (a) Type of Improvement (b) Date (c) Amount   (a) Type of Improvement (b) Date (c) Amount Additions:       Heating & Air  Conditioning:     Bedroom       Heating system     Bathroom       Central air conditioning     Deck       Furnace     Garage       Duct work     Porch       Central humidifier     Patio       Filtration system     Storage shed       Other     Fireplace       Electrical:     Other           Lawn & Grounds:       Lighting fixtures           Wiring upgrades     Landscaping       Other     Driveway       Plumbing:     Walkway           Fences       Water heater     Retaining wall       Soft water system     Sprinkler system       Filtration system     Swimming pool       Other     Exterior lighting       Insulation:     Other           Communications:       Attic           Walls     Satellite dish       Floors     Intercom       Pipes and duct work     Security system       Other     Other             Miscellaneous:       Interior  Improvements:     Storm windows and doors       Built-in appliances     Roof       Kitchen modernization     Central vacuum       Bathroom modernization     Other       Flooring             Wall-to-wall carpeting             Other     How To
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Tax Information for Other Non-Profits

Life Cycle of an Exempt Organization
Links to helpful information about points of intersection between tax-exempt organizations and the IRS, including access to explanatory information and forms that an organization may need to file with the IRS.

Requirements for Exemption
A brief description of the requirements for exemption under the Internal Revenue Code, other than section 501(c)(3).

Application for recognition of exemption
Procedures for applying for exemption under IRC section 501(c).

Exempt Organizations - Required Filings
Federal annual tax filings for tax-exempt organizations.

Solicitation Notice
A brief description of the solicitation notice requirements under IRC section 6113.

Proxy tax: Tax-exempt organization fails to notify members that dues are nondeductible lobbying/political expenditures
A description of the notice, reporting, and tax requirements for certain tax-exempt organizations that incur nondeductible lobbying and political expenditures.

Employment Taxes for Exempt Organizations
Links to information about employment taxes for tax-exempt organizations.

Recent Items of Interest to Other Non-Profit Organizations
Recent items of interest to nonprofit organizations other than charitable organizations.

Tax-Exempt Organizations and Political Campaign Intervention
IRS materials on political campaign intervention by tax-exempt organizations.

Unrelated Business Income Tax
Unrelated business income tax requirements for tax-exempt organizations.

Publication 4221-NC, Compliance Guide for Tax-Exempt Organizations (Other than Charities)
A publication discussing activities that could jeopardize a tax-exempt organization's exempt status and identifying general compliance requirements on recordkeeping, reporting, and disclosure for exempt organizations.

Page Last Reviewed or Updated: 06-Mar-2014

The 2010 Form 1040ez Instructions

2010 form 1040ez instructions Index A Abroad, citizens living, filing requirements, U. 2010 form 1040ez instructions S. 2010 form 1040ez instructions Citizens or Resident Aliens Living Abroad Absence, temporary, Temporary absences. 2010 form 1040ez instructions , Temporary absences. 2010 form 1040ez instructions , Temporary absences. 2010 form 1040ez instructions Accounting periods, joint returns, Accounting period. 2010 form 1040ez instructions Adopted child, Exception for adopted child. 2010 form 1040ez instructions , Adopted child. 2010 form 1040ez instructions , Adopted child. 2010 form 1040ez instructions Taxpayer identification number, Taxpayer identification numbers for adoptees. 2010 form 1040ez instructions Age Filing status determination, Age. 2010 form 1040ez instructions Gross income and filing requirements (Table 1), Table 1. 2010 form 1040ez instructions 2013 Filing Requirements Chart for Most Taxpayers Standard deduction for age 65 or older, Higher Standard Deduction for Age (65 or Older) Test, Age Test Aliens Dual-status (see Dual-status taxpayers) Nonresident (see Nonresident aliens) Alimony, Alimony. 2010 form 1040ez instructions Alternative minimum tax (AMT), effect on filing requirements (Table 3), Table 3. 2010 form 1040ez instructions Other Situations When You Must File a 2013 Return Amended returns, Joint Return After Separate Returns, Changing your mind. 2010 form 1040ez instructions (see also Form 1040X) Change from itemized to standard deduction (or vice versa), Electing to itemize for state tax or other purposes. 2010 form 1040ez instructions American citizens abroad, U. 2010 form 1040ez instructions S. 2010 form 1040ez instructions Citizens or Resident Aliens Living Abroad Annulled marriages, filing status, Annulled marriages. 2010 form 1040ez instructions Armed forces Combat zone, signing return for spouse, Spouse in combat zone. 2010 form 1040ez instructions Dependency allotments, Armed Forces dependency allotments. 2010 form 1040ez instructions GI Bill benefits, Tuition payments and allowances under the GI Bill. 2010 form 1040ez instructions Military quarters allotments, Tax-exempt military quarters allowances. 2010 form 1040ez instructions Assistance (see Tax help) ATINs (Adoption taxpayer identification numbers), Taxpayer identification numbers for adoptees. 2010 form 1040ez instructions B Birth of child, Death or birth. 2010 form 1040ez instructions Blind persons, standard deduction, Higher Standard Deduction for Blindness C Canada, resident of, U. 2010 form 1040ez instructions S. 2010 form 1040ez instructions citizen or resident alien. 2010 form 1040ez instructions , Citizen or Resident Test, Child in Canada or Mexico. 2010 form 1040ez instructions Capital expenses, Capital expenses. 2010 form 1040ez instructions Child born alive, Child born alive. 2010 form 1040ez instructions Child care expenses, Child care expenses. 2010 form 1040ez instructions Child custody, Custodial parent and noncustodial parent. 2010 form 1040ez instructions Child support under pre-1985 agreement, Child support under pre-1985 agreement. 2010 form 1040ez instructions Child tax credit, Child tax credit. 2010 form 1040ez instructions Child, qualifying, Qualifying Child Children Adopted child (see Adoption) Adoption (see Adopted child) Birth of child, Death or birth. 2010 form 1040ez instructions , Death or birth. 2010 form 1040ez instructions Claiming parent, when child is head of household, Special rule for parent. 2010 form 1040ez instructions Custody of, Custodial parent and noncustodial parent. 2010 form 1040ez instructions Death of child, Death or birth. 2010 form 1040ez instructions , Death or birth. 2010 form 1040ez instructions Dividends of, Unearned income. 2010 form 1040ez instructions Filing requirements as dependents (Table 2), Table 2. 2010 form 1040ez instructions 2013 Filing Requirements for Dependents Investment income of child under age 18, Table 2. 2010 form 1040ez instructions 2013 Filing Requirements for Dependents , Unearned income. 2010 form 1040ez instructions Kidnapped, Kidnapped child. 2010 form 1040ez instructions , Kidnapped child. 2010 form 1040ez instructions Social security number, Social Security Numbers for Dependents Stillborn, Stillborn child. 2010 form 1040ez instructions Church employees, filing requirements (Table 3), Table 3. 2010 form 1040ez instructions Other Situations When You Must File a 2013 Return Citizen or resident test, Citizen or Resident Test Citizens outside U. 2010 form 1040ez instructions S. 2010 form 1040ez instructions , filing requirements, U. 2010 form 1040ez instructions S. 2010 form 1040ez instructions Citizens or Resident Aliens Living Abroad Common law marriage, Considered married. 2010 form 1040ez instructions Community property states, Community property states. 2010 form 1040ez instructions Cousin, Cousin. 2010 form 1040ez instructions Custody of child, Custodial parent and noncustodial parent. 2010 form 1040ez instructions D Death Of child, Death or birth of child. 2010 form 1040ez instructions Of dependent, Death or birth. 2010 form 1040ez instructions , Death or birth. 2010 form 1040ez instructions Of spouse, Spouse died during the year. 2010 form 1040ez instructions , Spouse died. 2010 form 1040ez instructions , Spouse died before signing. 2010 form 1040ez instructions , Death of spouse. 2010 form 1040ez instructions Decedents, Spouse died during the year. 2010 form 1040ez instructions , Decedent's final return. 2010 form 1040ez instructions (see also Death of spouse) Filing requirements, Deceased Persons Deductions Personal exemption, Personal Exemptions Standard deduction, Standard Deduction Dependent taxpayer test, Dependent Taxpayer Test Dependents Birth of, Death or birth. 2010 form 1040ez instructions Born and died within year, Born and died in 2013. 2010 form 1040ez instructions Child's earnings, Child's earnings. 2010 form 1040ez instructions Death of, Death or birth. 2010 form 1040ez instructions Earned income, Earned income. 2010 form 1040ez instructions Exemption for, Exemptions for Dependents Filing requirements, Table 2. 2010 form 1040ez instructions 2013 Filing Requirements for Dependents , Dependents Married, filing joint return, Joint Return Test, Joint Return Test (To Be a Qualifying Child) Not allowed to claim dependents, Dependent Taxpayer Test Qualifying child, Qualifying Child Qualifying relative, Qualifying Relative Social security number, Social Security Numbers for Dependents, Taxpayer identification numbers for adoptees. 2010 form 1040ez instructions Standard deduction for, Standard Deduction for Dependents Unearned income, Unearned income. 2010 form 1040ez instructions Disabled Child, Permanently and totally disabled. 2010 form 1040ez instructions Dependent, Disabled dependent working at sheltered workshop. 2010 form 1040ez instructions Divorced parents, Children of divorced or separated parents (or parents who live apart). 2010 form 1040ez instructions Divorced taxpayers Child custody, Custodial parent and noncustodial parent. 2010 form 1040ez instructions Filing status, Divorced persons. 2010 form 1040ez instructions , Divorce and remarriage. 2010 form 1040ez instructions , Divorced persons. 2010 form 1040ez instructions Joint returns, responsibility for, Divorced taxpayer. 2010 form 1040ez instructions Personal exemption, Divorced or separated spouse. 2010 form 1040ez instructions Domestic help, no exemption for, Housekeepers, maids, or servants. 2010 form 1040ez instructions Dual-status taxpayers Exemptions, Dual-status taxpayers. 2010 form 1040ez instructions Joint returns not available, Nonresident alien or dual-status alien. 2010 form 1040ez instructions E Earned income Defined for purposes of standard deduction, Earned income defined. 2010 form 1040ez instructions Dependent filing requirements (Table 2), Table 2. 2010 form 1040ez instructions 2013 Filing Requirements for Dependents Earned income credit Two persons with same qualifying child, Special Rule for Qualifying Child of More Than One Person Elderly persons Home for the aged, Home for the aged. 2010 form 1040ez instructions Standard deduction for age 65 or older, Higher Standard Deduction for Age (65 or Older) Equitable relief, Innocent spouse, Relief from joint responsibility. 2010 form 1040ez instructions Exemptions, Exemptions, Taxpayer identification numbers for adoptees. 2010 form 1040ez instructions Dependents, Exemptions for Dependents Personal (see Personal exemption) F Fair rental value, Fair rental value defined. 2010 form 1040ez instructions Figures (see Tables and figures) Filing requirements, Who Must File, Filing Status Filing status, Filing Status, Qualifying Widow(er) With Dependent Child Annulled marriages, Annulled marriages. 2010 form 1040ez instructions Change to Joint return after separate returns, Joint Return After Separate Returns Separate returns after joint return, Separate Returns After Joint Return, Kidnapped child. 2010 form 1040ez instructions Determination of, Filing status. 2010 form 1040ez instructions , Filing Status Head of household, Head of household or qualifying widow(er) with dependent child. 2010 form 1040ez instructions , Head of Household Marital status, determination of, Marital Status Married filing jointly (see Joint returns) Married filing separately (see Married filing separately) Unmarried persons (see Single taxpayers) Food benefits, Support provided by the state (welfare, food benefits, housing, etc. 2010 form 1040ez instructions ). 2010 form 1040ez instructions Foreign employment, filing requirements, U. 2010 form 1040ez instructions S. 2010 form 1040ez instructions Citizens or Resident Aliens Living Abroad Foreign students, Foreign students' place of residence. 2010 form 1040ez instructions Form 1040 Personal exemption, Form 1040 filers. 2010 form 1040ez instructions Social security numbers, Social Security Numbers for Dependents Use of, How to file. 2010 form 1040ez instructions , How to file. 2010 form 1040ez instructions , How to file. 2010 form 1040ez instructions Form 1040A Personal exemption, Form 1040A filers. 2010 form 1040ez instructions Social security numbers, Social Security Numbers for Dependents Use of, How to file. 2010 form 1040ez instructions , How to file. 2010 form 1040ez instructions , How to file. 2010 form 1040ez instructions Form 1040EZ Personal exemption, Form 1040EZ filers. 2010 form 1040ez instructions Use of, How to file. 2010 form 1040ez instructions , How to file. 2010 form 1040ez instructions Form 1040X Change of filing status, Joint Return After Separate Returns Itemized deductions, change to standard deduction, Changing your mind. 2010 form 1040ez instructions Standard deduction, change to itemized deductions, Changing your mind. 2010 form 1040ez instructions Form 1099-B, Form 1099-B received. 2010 form 1040ez instructions Form 8814, parents' election to report child's interest and dividends, Election to report child's unearned income on parent's return. 2010 form 1040ez instructions Form 8857, innocent spouse relief, Relief from joint responsibility. 2010 form 1040ez instructions Form SS-5, social security number request, No SSN. 2010 form 1040ez instructions Form W-7, individual taxpayer identification number request, Taxpayer identification numbers for aliens. 2010 form 1040ez instructions Form W-7A, adoption taxpayer identification number request, Taxpayer identification numbers for adoptees. 2010 form 1040ez instructions Foster care payments and expenses, Foster care payments and expenses. 2010 form 1040ez instructions , Foster care. 2010 form 1040ez instructions Foster child, Foster child. 2010 form 1040ez instructions , Foster care payments and expenses. 2010 form 1040ez instructions , Foster child. 2010 form 1040ez instructions , Foster care. 2010 form 1040ez instructions Free tax services, Free help with your tax return. 2010 form 1040ez instructions Funeral expenses, Do Not Include in Total Support G GI Bill benefits, Tuition payments and allowances under the GI Bill. 2010 form 1040ez instructions Gross income Defined, Gross income. 2010 form 1040ez instructions Filing requirements (Table 1), Table 1. 2010 form 1040ez instructions 2013 Filing Requirements Chart for Most Taxpayers Dependent filing requirements (Table 2), Table 2. 2010 form 1040ez instructions 2013 Filing Requirements for Dependents Test, Gross Income Test Group-term life insurance, Table 3. 2010 form 1040ez instructions Other Situations When You Must File a 2013 Return H Head of household, Head of Household, Kidnapped child. 2010 form 1040ez instructions Exemption for spouse, Head of household. 2010 form 1040ez instructions Filing requirements (Table 1), Table 1. 2010 form 1040ez instructions 2013 Filing Requirements Chart for Most Taxpayers Health insurance premiums, Medical insurance premiums. 2010 form 1040ez instructions Help (see Tax help) Home Aged, home for, Home for the aged. 2010 form 1040ez instructions Cost of keeping up, Keeping Up a Home Household workers, no exemption for, Housekeepers, maids, or servants. 2010 form 1040ez instructions I Income Gross, Gross Income Test Tax exempt, Tax-exempt income. 2010 form 1040ez instructions Individual retirement arrangements (IRAs) Filing requirements (Table 3), Table 3. 2010 form 1040ez instructions Other Situations When You Must File a 2013 Return Married filing separately, Individual retirement arrangements (IRAs). 2010 form 1040ez instructions Individual taxpayer identification numbers (ITINs), Reminders, Taxpayer identification numbers for aliens. 2010 form 1040ez instructions Innocent spouse relief, Relief from joint responsibility. 2010 form 1040ez instructions Insurance premiums Life, Do Not Include in Total Support Medical, Medical insurance premiums. 2010 form 1040ez instructions IRAs (see Individual retirement arrangements (IRAs)) Itemized deductions Changing from standard to itemized deduction (or vice versa), Changing your mind. 2010 form 1040ez instructions Choosing to itemize, Who Should Itemize Married filing separately, Married persons who filed separate returns. 2010 form 1040ez instructions When to itemize, When to itemize. 2010 form 1040ez instructions ITINs (Individual taxpayer identification numbers), Taxpayer identification numbers for aliens. 2010 form 1040ez instructions J Joint return test, Joint Return Test, Joint Return Test (To Be a Qualifying Child) Joint returns, Married Filing Jointly, Nonresident alien or dual-status alien. 2010 form 1040ez instructions Dependents on, Joint return. 2010 form 1040ez instructions Personal exemption, Joint return. 2010 form 1040ez instructions K Kidnapped children Qualifying child, Kidnapped child. 2010 form 1040ez instructions Qualifying relative, Kidnapped child. 2010 form 1040ez instructions Widow(er) with dependent child, Death or birth. 2010 form 1040ez instructions L Life insurance premiums, Do Not Include in Total Support Local income taxes, itemized deductions, Electing to itemize for state tax or other purposes. 2010 form 1040ez instructions Local law violated, Local law violated. 2010 form 1040ez instructions Lodging, Lodging. 2010 form 1040ez instructions Losses, rental real estate, Rental activity losses. 2010 form 1040ez instructions M Marital status, determination of, Marital Status Married dependents, filing joint return, Joint Return Test, Joint Return Test (To Be a Qualifying Child) Married filing jointly (see Joint returns) Married filing separately, Married Filing Separately Changing method from or to itemized deductions, Changing your mind. 2010 form 1040ez instructions Exemption for spouse, Separate return. 2010 form 1040ez instructions Itemized deductions, Married persons who filed separate returns. 2010 form 1040ez instructions Married taxpayers, Married Filing Jointly (see also Joint returns) Age 65 or older spouse, standard deduction, Higher Standard Deduction for Age (65 or Older), Spouse 65 or Older or Blind Blind spouse, standard deduction, Higher Standard Deduction for Blindness, Spouse 65 or Older or Blind Dual-status alien spouse, Nonresident alien or dual-status alien. 2010 form 1040ez instructions Filing status, Married persons. 2010 form 1040ez instructions Medical insurance premiums, Medical insurance premiums. 2010 form 1040ez instructions Medical savings accounts (MSAs, effect on filing requirements (Table 3), Table 3. 2010 form 1040ez instructions Other Situations When You Must File a 2013 Return Medicare taxes, not support, Do Not Include in Total Support Member of household or relationship test, Member of Household or Relationship Test Mexico, resident of, U. 2010 form 1040ez instructions S. 2010 form 1040ez instructions citizen or resident alien. 2010 form 1040ez instructions , Citizen or Resident Test, Child in Canada or Mexico. 2010 form 1040ez instructions Military (see Armed forces) Missing children, photographs of in IRS publications, Reminders Multiple support agreement, Multiple Support Agreement N National of the United States, U. 2010 form 1040ez instructions S. 2010 form 1040ez instructions national. 2010 form 1040ez instructions Nonresident aliens, Nonresident aliens. 2010 form 1040ez instructions Dependents, Taxpayer identification numbers for aliens. 2010 form 1040ez instructions Exemptions, Nonresident aliens. 2010 form 1040ez instructions Joint return, Nonresident alien or dual-status alien. 2010 form 1040ez instructions Spouse, Nonresident alien spouse. 2010 form 1040ez instructions Taxpayer identification number, Taxpayer identification numbers for aliens. 2010 form 1040ez instructions O Overseas taxpayers, U. 2010 form 1040ez instructions S. 2010 form 1040ez instructions Citizens or Resident Aliens Living Abroad P Parent, claiming head of household for, Special rule for parent. 2010 form 1040ez instructions Parents who never married, Parents who never married. 2010 form 1040ez instructions Parents, divorced or separated, Children of divorced or separated parents (or parents who live apart). 2010 form 1040ez instructions Penalty, failure to file, Who Must File Personal exemption, Personal Exemptions Photographs of missing children in IRS publications, Reminders Publications (see Tax help) Puerto Rico, residents of, Residents of Puerto Rico Q Qualifying Child, Qualifying Child Relative, Qualifying Relative Surviving spouse, Qualifying Widow(er) With Dependent Child Widow/widower, Qualifying Widow(er) With Dependent Child R Recapture taxes, Table 3. 2010 form 1040ez instructions Other Situations When You Must File a 2013 Return Relationship test, Relationship Test, Member of Household or Relationship Test Relative, qualifying, Qualifying Relative Remarriage after divorce, Divorce and remarriage. 2010 form 1040ez instructions Rental losses, Rental activity losses. 2010 form 1040ez instructions Residency test, Residency Test S Same-sex marriage Filing status, Same-sex marriage. 2010 form 1040ez instructions Scholarships, Earned income. 2010 form 1040ez instructions , Scholarships. 2010 form 1040ez instructions , Gross income defined. 2010 form 1040ez instructions , Do Not Include in Total Support , Earned income defined. 2010 form 1040ez instructions Self-employed persons Filing requirements (Table 3), Table 3. 2010 form 1040ez instructions Other Situations When You Must File a 2013 Return Gross income, Self-employed persons. 2010 form 1040ez instructions Separate returns (see Married filing separately) Separated parents, Children of divorced or separated parents (or parents who live apart). 2010 form 1040ez instructions Separated taxpayers Filing status, Considered married. 2010 form 1040ez instructions , Married persons living apart. 2010 form 1040ez instructions Living apart but not legally separated, Considered married. 2010 form 1040ez instructions Personal exemption, Divorced or separated spouse. 2010 form 1040ez instructions Signatures, joint returns, Signing a joint return. 2010 form 1040ez instructions Single taxpayers Filing status, Unmarried persons. 2010 form 1040ez instructions , Single Gross income filing requirements (Table 1), Table 1. 2010 form 1040ez instructions 2013 Filing Requirements Chart for Most Taxpayers How to file and forms, How to file. 2010 form 1040ez instructions Personal exemption, Your Own Exemption Social security and Medicare taxes Reporting of (Table 3), Table 3. 2010 form 1040ez instructions Other Situations When You Must File a 2013 Return Support, not included in, Do Not Include in Total Support Social security benefits, Social security benefits. 2010 form 1040ez instructions Social security numbers (SSNs) for dependents, Social Security Numbers for Dependents Spouse Deceased, Spouse died. 2010 form 1040ez instructions , Spouse died before signing. 2010 form 1040ez instructions , Death of spouse. 2010 form 1040ez instructions Dual-status alien spouse, Nonresident alien or dual-status alien. 2010 form 1040ez instructions Exemption for, Your Spouse's Exemption Innocent spouse relief, Relief from joint responsibility. 2010 form 1040ez instructions Nonresident alien, Nonresident alien spouse. 2010 form 1040ez instructions Signing joint returns, Signing a joint return. 2010 form 1040ez instructions Surviving (see Surviving spouse) SSNs (see Social security numbers (SSNs) for dependents) Standard deduction, What's New, Standard Deduction, Married persons who filed separate returns. 2010 form 1040ez instructions Married filing jointly, Married Filing Jointly State or local income taxes, Electing to itemize for state tax or other purposes. 2010 form 1040ez instructions Stillborn child, Stillborn child. 2010 form 1040ez instructions Students Defined, Student defined. 2010 form 1040ez instructions Foreign, Foreign students' place of residence. 2010 form 1040ez instructions Support test Qualifying child, Support Test (To Be a Qualifying Child) Qualifying relative, Support Test (To Be a Qualifying Relative) Surviving spouse Death of spouse (see Death of spouse) Gross income filing requirements (Table 1), Table 1. 2010 form 1040ez instructions 2013 Filing Requirements Chart for Most Taxpayers Single filing status, Widow(er). 2010 form 1040ez instructions Widow(er) with dependent child, Qualifying Widow(er) With Dependent Child, How to file. 2010 form 1040ez instructions , Death or birth. 2010 form 1040ez instructions T Tables and figures, Keeping Up a Home, Worksheet 2. 2010 form 1040ez instructions Worksheet for Determining Support (see also Worksheets) Filing requirements Dependents (Table 2), Table 2. 2010 form 1040ez instructions 2013 Filing Requirements for Dependents Gross income levels (Table 1), Table 1. 2010 form 1040ez instructions 2013 Filing Requirements Chart for Most Taxpayers Other situations requiring filing (Table 3), Table 3. 2010 form 1040ez instructions Other Situations When You Must File a 2013 Return Tax help, How To Get Tax Help Tax returns Amended (see Form 1040X) Filing of (see Filing requirements) Joint returns (see Joint returns) Who must file, What's New, Who Must File, Filing Requirements for Most Taxpayers, Who Should File Tax-exempt income, Tax-exempt income. 2010 form 1040ez instructions Taxes, not support, Do Not Include in Total Support Temporary absences, Temporary absences. 2010 form 1040ez instructions , Temporary absences. 2010 form 1040ez instructions Tiebreaker rules, Tiebreaker rules. 2010 form 1040ez instructions Tips, reporting of (Table 3), Table 3. 2010 form 1040ez instructions Other Situations When You Must File a 2013 Return Total support, Total Support Tuition, benefits under GI Bill, Tuition payments and allowances under the GI Bill. 2010 form 1040ez instructions U U. 2010 form 1040ez instructions S. 2010 form 1040ez instructions citizen or resident, Citizen or Resident Test U. 2010 form 1040ez instructions S. 2010 form 1040ez instructions citizens filing abroad, filing requirements Filing requirements, U. 2010 form 1040ez instructions S. 2010 form 1040ez instructions Citizens or Resident Aliens Living Abroad U. 2010 form 1040ez instructions S. 2010 form 1040ez instructions national, U. 2010 form 1040ez instructions S. 2010 form 1040ez instructions national. 2010 form 1040ez instructions U. 2010 form 1040ez instructions S. 2010 form 1040ez instructions possessions, income from, Individuals With Income From U. 2010 form 1040ez instructions S. 2010 form 1040ez instructions Possessions Unmarried persons (see Single taxpayers) W Welfare benefits, Support provided by the state (welfare, food benefits, housing, etc. 2010 form 1040ez instructions ). 2010 form 1040ez instructions What's New, What's New Widow/widower (see Surviving spouse) Worksheets Exemption Phaseout, Worksheet 3. 2010 form 1040ez instructions Worksheet for Determining the Deduction for Exemptions Head of household status and cost of keeping up home, Keeping Up a Home Support test, Worksheet 2. 2010 form 1040ez 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