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2012 Form 1040

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2012 Form 1040

2012 form 1040 6. 2012 form 1040   How To Get Tax Help Table of Contents Whether it's help with a tax issue, preparing your tax return or a need for a free publication or form, get the help you need the way you want it: online, use a smart phone, call or walk in to an IRS office or volunteer site near you. 2012 form 1040 Free help with your return. 2012 form 1040   You can get free help preparing your return nationwide from IRS-certified volunteers. 2012 form 1040 The Volunteer Income Tax Assistance (VITA) program helps low-to-moderate income, elderly, people with disabilities, and limited English proficient taxpayers. 2012 form 1040 The Tax Counseling for the Elderly (TCE) program helps taxpayers age 60 and older with their tax returns. 2012 form 1040 Most VITA and TCE sites offer free electronic filing and all volunteers will let you know about credits and deductions you may be entitled to claim. 2012 form 1040 In addition, some VITA and TCE sites provide taxpayers the opportunity to prepare their own return with help from an IRS-certified volunteer. 2012 form 1040 To find the nearest VITA or TCE site, you can use the VITA Locator Tool on IRS. 2012 form 1040 gov, download the IRS2Go app, or call 1-800-906-9887. 2012 form 1040   As part of the TCE program, AARP offers the Tax-Aide counseling program. 2012 form 1040 To find the nearest AARP Tax-Aide site, visit AARP's website at www. 2012 form 1040 aarp. 2012 form 1040 org/money/taxaide or call 1-888-227-7669. 2012 form 1040 For more information on these programs, go to IRS. 2012 form 1040 gov and enter “VITA” in the search box. 2012 form 1040   For more information on these programs, go to IRS. 2012 form 1040 gov and enter “VITA” in the search box. 2012 form 1040 Internet. 2012 form 1040    IRS. 2012 form 1040 gov and IRS2Go are ready when you are —24 hours a day, 7 days a week. 2012 form 1040 Download the free IRS2Go app from the iTunes app store or from Google Play. 2012 form 1040 Use it to check your refund status, order transcripts of your tax returns or tax account, watch the IRS YouTube channel, get IRS news as soon as it's released to the public, subscribe to filing season updates or daily tax tips, and follow the IRS Twitter news feed, @IRSnews, to get the latest federal tax news, including information about tax law changes and important IRS programs. 2012 form 1040 Check the status of your 2013 refund with the Where's My Refund? application on IRS. 2012 form 1040 gov or download the IRS2Go app and select the Refund Status option. 2012 form 1040 The IRS issues more than 9 out of 10 refunds in less than 21 days. 2012 form 1040 Using these applications, you can start checking on the status of your return within 24 hours after we receive your e-filed return or 4 weeks after you mail a paper return. 2012 form 1040 You will also be given a personalized refund date as soon as the IRS processes your tax return and approves your refund. 2012 form 1040 The IRS updates Where's My Refund? every 24 hours, usually overnight, so you only need to check once a day. 2012 form 1040 Use the Interactive Tax Assistant (ITA) to research your tax questions. 2012 form 1040 No need to wait on the phone or stand in line. 2012 form 1040 The ITA is available 24 hours a day, 7 days a week, and provides you with a variety of tax information related to general filing topics, deductions, credits, and income. 2012 form 1040 When you reach the response screen, you can print the entire interview and the final response for your records. 2012 form 1040 New subject areas are added on a regular basis. 2012 form 1040  Answers not provided through ITA may be found in Tax Trails, one of the Tax Topics on IRS. 2012 form 1040 gov which contain general individual and business tax information or by searching the IRS Tax Map, which includes an international subject index. 2012 form 1040 You can use the IRS Tax Map, to search publications and instructions by topic or keyword. 2012 form 1040 The IRS Tax Map integrates forms and publications into one research tool and provides single-point access to tax law information by subject. 2012 form 1040 When the user searches the IRS Tax Map, they will be provided with links to related content in existing IRS publications, forms and instructions, questions and answers, and Tax Topics. 2012 form 1040 Coming this filing season, you can immediately view and print for free all 5 types of individual federal tax transcripts (tax returns, tax account, record of account, wage and income statement, and certification of non-filing) using Get Transcript. 2012 form 1040 You can also ask the IRS to mail a return or an account transcript to you. 2012 form 1040 Only the mail option is available by choosing the Tax Records option on the IRS2Go app by selecting Mail Transcript on IRS. 2012 form 1040 gov or by calling 1-800-908-9946. 2012 form 1040 Tax return and tax account transcripts are generally available for the current year and the past three years. 2012 form 1040 Determine if you are eligible for the EITC and estimate the amount of the credit with the Earned Income Tax Credit (EITC) Assistant. 2012 form 1040 Visit Understanding Your IRS Notice or Letter to get answers to questions about a notice or letter you received from the IRS. 2012 form 1040 If you received the First Time Homebuyer Credit, you can use the First Time Homebuyer Credit Account Look-up tool for information on your repayments and account balance. 2012 form 1040 Check the status of your amended return using Where's My Amended Return? Go to IRS. 2012 form 1040 gov and enter Where's My Amended Return? in the search box. 2012 form 1040 You can generally expect your amended return to be processed up to 12 weeks from the date we receive it. 2012 form 1040 It can take up to 3 weeks from the date you mailed it to show up in our system. 2012 form 1040 Make a payment using one of several safe and convenient electronic payment options available on IRS. 2012 form 1040 gov. 2012 form 1040 Select the Payment tab on the front page of IRS. 2012 form 1040 gov for more information. 2012 form 1040 Determine if you are eligible and apply for an online payment agreement, if you owe more tax than you can pay today. 2012 form 1040 Figure your income tax withholding with the IRS Withholding Calculator on IRS. 2012 form 1040 gov. 2012 form 1040 Use it if you've had too much or too little withheld, your personal situation has changed, you're starting a new job or you just want to see if you're having the right amount withheld. 2012 form 1040 Determine if you might be subject to the Alternative Minimum Tax by using the Alternative Minimum Tax Assistant on IRS. 2012 form 1040 gov. 2012 form 1040 Request an Electronic Filing PIN by going to IRS. 2012 form 1040 gov and entering Electronic Filing PIN in the search box. 2012 form 1040 Download forms, instructions and publications, including accessible versions for people with disabilities. 2012 form 1040 Locate the nearest Taxpayer Assistance Center (TAC) using the Office Locator tool on IRS. 2012 form 1040 gov, or choose the Contact Us option on the IRS2Go app and search Local Offices. 2012 form 1040 An employee can answer questions about your tax account or help you set up a payment plan. 2012 form 1040 Before you visit, check the Office Locator on IRS. 2012 form 1040 gov, or Local Offices under Contact Us on IRS2Go to confirm the address, phone number, days and hours of operation, and the services provided. 2012 form 1040 If you have a special need, such as a disability, you can request an appointment. 2012 form 1040 Call the local number listed in the Office Locator, or look in the phone book under United States Government, Internal Revenue Service. 2012 form 1040 Apply for an Employer Identification Number (EIN). 2012 form 1040 Go to IRS. 2012 form 1040 gov and enter Apply for an EIN in the search box. 2012 form 1040 Read the Internal Revenue Code, regulations, or other official guidance. 2012 form 1040 Read Internal Revenue Bulletins. 2012 form 1040 Sign up to receive local and national tax news and more by email. 2012 form 1040 Just click on “subscriptions” above the search box on IRS. 2012 form 1040 gov and choose from a variety of options. 2012 form 1040 Phone. 2012 form 1040    You can call the IRS, or you can carry it in your pocket with the IRS2Go app on your smart phone or tablet. 2012 form 1040 Download the free IRS2Go app from the iTunes app store or from Google Play. 2012 form 1040 Call to locate the nearest volunteer help site, 1-800-906-9887 or you can use the VITA Locator Tool on IRS. 2012 form 1040 gov, or download the IRS2Go app. 2012 form 1040 Low-to-moderate income, elderly, people with disabilities, and limited English proficient taxpayers can get free help with their tax return from the nationwide Volunteer Income Tax Assistance (VITA) program. 2012 form 1040 The Tax Counseling for the Elderly (TCE) program helps taxpayers age 60 and older with their tax returns. 2012 form 1040 Most VITA and TCE sites offer free electronic filing. 2012 form 1040 Some VITA and TCE sites provide IRS-certified volunteers who can help prepare your tax return. 2012 form 1040 Through the TCE program, AARP offers the Tax-Aide counseling program; call 1-888-227-7669 to find the nearest Tax-Aide location. 2012 form 1040 Call the automated Where's My Refund? information hotline to check the status of your 2013 refund 24 hours a day, 7 days a week at 1-800-829-1954. 2012 form 1040 If you e-file, you can start checking on the status of your return within 24 hours after the IRS receives your tax return or 4 weeks after you've mailed a paper return. 2012 form 1040 The IRS issues more than 9 out of 10 refunds in less than 21 days. 2012 form 1040 Where's My Refund? will give you a personalized refund date as soon as the IRS processes your tax return and approves your refund. 2012 form 1040 Before you call this automated hotline, have your 2013 tax return handy so you can enter your social security number, your filing status, and the exact whole dollar amount of your refund. 2012 form 1040 The IRS updates Where's My Refund? every 24 hours, usually overnight, so you only need to check once a day. 2012 form 1040 Note, the above information is for our automated hotline. 2012 form 1040 Our live phone and walk-in assistors can research the status of your refund only if it's been 21 days or more since you filed electronically or more than 6 weeks since you mailed your paper return. 2012 form 1040 Call the Amended Return Hotline, 1-866-464-2050, to check the status of your amended return. 2012 form 1040 You can generally expect your amended return to be processed up to 12 weeks from the date we receive it. 2012 form 1040 It can take up to 3 weeks from the date you mailed it to show up in our system. 2012 form 1040 Call 1-800-TAX-FORM (1-800-829-3676) to order current-year forms, instructions, publications, and prior-year forms and instructions (limited to 5 years). 2012 form 1040 You should receive your order within 10 business days. 2012 form 1040 Call TeleTax, 1-800-829-4477, to listen to pre-recorded messages covering general and business tax information. 2012 form 1040 If, between January and April 15, you still have questions about the Form 1040, 1040A, or 1040EZ (like filing requirements, dependents, credits, Schedule D, pensions and IRAs or self-employment taxes), call 1-800-829-1040. 2012 form 1040 Call using TTY/TDD equipment, 1-800-829-4059 to ask tax questions or order forms and publications. 2012 form 1040 The TTY/TDD telephone number is for people who are deaf, hard of hearing, or have a speech disability. 2012 form 1040 These individuals can also contact the IRS through relay services such as the Federal Relay Service. 2012 form 1040 Walk-in. 2012 form 1040   You can find a selection of forms, publications and services — in-person. 2012 form 1040 Products. 2012 form 1040 You can walk in to some post offices, libraries, and IRS offices to pick up certain forms, instructions, and publications. 2012 form 1040 Some IRS offices, libraries, and city and county government offices have a collection of products available to photocopy from reproducible proofs. 2012 form 1040 Services. 2012 form 1040 You can walk in to your local TAC for face-to-face tax help. 2012 form 1040 An employee can answer questions about your tax account or help you set up a payment plan. 2012 form 1040 Before visiting, use the Office Locator tool on IRS. 2012 form 1040 gov, or choose the Contact Us option on the IRS2Go app and search Local Offices for days and hours of operation, and services provided. 2012 form 1040 Mail. 2012 form 1040   You can send your order for forms, instructions, and publications to the address below. 2012 form 1040 You should receive a response within 10 business days after your request is received. 2012 form 1040 Internal Revenue Service 1201 N. 2012 form 1040 Mitsubishi Motorway Bloomington, IL 61705-6613    The Taxpayer Advocate Service Is Here to Help You. 2012 form 1040 The Taxpayer Advocate Service (TAS) is your voice at the IRS. 2012 form 1040 Our job is to ensure that every taxpayer is treated fairly and that you know and understand your rights. 2012 form 1040   What can TAS do for you? We can offer you free help with IRS problems that you can't resolve on your own. 2012 form 1040 We know this process can be confusing, but the worst thing you can do is nothing at all! TAS can help if you can't resolve your tax problem and: Your problem is causing financial difficulties for you, your family, or your business. 2012 form 1040 You face (or your business is facing) an immediate threat of adverse action. 2012 form 1040 You've tried repeatedly to contact the IRS but no one has responded, or the IRS hasn't responded by the date promised. 2012 form 1040   If you qualify for our help, you'll be assigned to one advocate who'll be with you at every turn and will do everything possible to resolve your problem. 2012 form 1040 Here's why we can help: TAS is an independent organization within the IRS. 2012 form 1040 Our advocates know how to work with the IRS. 2012 form 1040 Our services are free and tailored to meet your needs. 2012 form 1040 We have offices in every state, the District of Columbia, and Puerto Rico. 2012 form 1040   How can you reach us? If you think TAS can help you, call your local advocate, whose number is in your local directory and at Taxpayer Advocate, or call us toll-free at 1-877-777-4778. 2012 form 1040   How else does TAS help taxpayers?  TAS also works to resolve large-scale, systemic problems that affect many taxpayers. 2012 form 1040 If you know of one of these broad issues, please report it to us through our Systemic Advocacy Management System. 2012 form 1040 Low Income Taxpayer Clinics   Low Income Taxpayer Clinics (LITCs) serve individuals whose income is below a certain level and need to resolve tax problems such as audits, appeals and tax collection disputes. 2012 form 1040 Some clinics can provide information about taxpayer rights and responsibilities in different languages for individuals who speak English as a second language. 2012 form 1040 Visit Taxpayer Advocate or see IRS Publication 4134, Low Income Taxpayer Clinic List. 2012 form 1040 Prev  Up  Next   Home   More Online Publications
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The 2012 Form 1040

2012 form 1040 7. 2012 form 1040   Costs You Can Deduct or Capitalize Table of Contents What's New Introduction Topics - This chapter discusses: Useful Items - You may want to see: Carrying Charges Research and Experimental CostsProduct. 2012 form 1040 Costs not included. 2012 form 1040 Intangible Drilling Costs Exploration CostsPartnerships and S corporations. 2012 form 1040 Development Costs Circulation Costs Business Start-Up and Organizational Costs Reforestation Costs Retired Asset Removal Costs Barrier Removal CostsOther barrier removals. 2012 form 1040 Film and Television Production Costs What's New Film and television productions costs. 2012 form 1040  The election to expense film and television production costs does not apply to productions that begin after December 31, 2013. 2012 form 1040 See Film and Television Production Costs , later. 2012 form 1040 Introduction This chapter discusses costs you can elect to deduct or capitalize. 2012 form 1040 You generally deduct a cost as a current business expense by subtracting it from your income in either the year you incur it or the year you pay it. 2012 form 1040 If you capitalize a cost, you may be able to recover it over a period of years through periodic deductions for amortization, depletion, or depreciation. 2012 form 1040 When you capitalize a cost, you add it to the basis of property to which it relates. 2012 form 1040 A partnership, corporation, estate, or trust makes the election to deduct or capitalize the costs discussed in this chapter except for exploration costs for mineral deposits. 2012 form 1040 Each individual partner, shareholder, or beneficiary elects whether to deduct or capitalize exploration costs. 2012 form 1040 You may be subject to the alternative minimum tax (AMT) if you deduct research and experimental, intangible drilling, exploration, development, circulation, or business organizational costs. 2012 form 1040 For more information on the alternative minimum tax, see the instructions for the following forms. 2012 form 1040 Form 6251, Alternative Minimum Tax—Individuals. 2012 form 1040 Form 4626, Alternative Minimum Tax—Corporations. 2012 form 1040 Topics - This chapter discusses: Carrying charges Research and experimental costs Intangible drilling costs Exploration costs Development costs Circulation costs Qualified disaster expenses Business start-up and organizational costs Reforestation costs Retired asset removal costs Barrier removal costs Film and television production costs Useful Items - You may want to see: Publication 544 Sales and Other Dispositions of Assets Form (and Instructions) 3468 Investment Credit 8826 Disabled Access Credit See chapter 12 for information about getting publications and forms. 2012 form 1040 Carrying Charges Carrying charges include the taxes and interest you pay to carry or develop real property or to carry, transport, or install personal property. 2012 form 1040 Certain carrying charges must be capitalized under the uniform capitalization rules. 2012 form 1040 (For information on capitalization of interest, see chapter 4 . 2012 form 1040 ) You can elect to capitalize carrying charges not subject to the uniform capitalization rules, but only if they are otherwise deductible. 2012 form 1040 You can elect to capitalize carrying charges separately for each project you have and for each type of carrying charge. 2012 form 1040 For unimproved and unproductive real property, your election is good for only 1 year. 2012 form 1040 You must decide whether to capitalize carrying charges each year the property remains unimproved and unproductive. 2012 form 1040 For other real property, your election to capitalize carrying charges remains in effect until construction or development is completed. 2012 form 1040 For personal property, your election is effective until the date you install or first use it, whichever is later. 2012 form 1040 How to make the election. 2012 form 1040   To make the election to capitalize a carrying charge, attach a statement to your original tax return for the year the election is to be effective indicating which charges you are electing to capitalize. 2012 form 1040 However, if you timely filed your return for the year without making the election, you can still make the election by filing an amended return within 6 months of the due date of the return (excluding extensions). 2012 form 1040 Attach the statement to the amended return and write “Filed pursuant to section 301. 2012 form 1040 9100-2” on the statement. 2012 form 1040 File the amended return at the same address you filed the original return. 2012 form 1040 Research and Experimental Costs The costs of research and experimentation are generally capital expenses. 2012 form 1040 However, you can elect to deduct these costs as a current business expense. 2012 form 1040 Your election to deduct these costs is binding for the year it is made and for all later years unless you get IRS approval to make a change. 2012 form 1040 If you meet certain requirements, you may elect to defer and amortize research and experimental costs. 2012 form 1040 For information on electing to defer and amortize these costs, see Research and Experimental Costs in chapter 8. 2012 form 1040 Research and experimental costs defined. 2012 form 1040   Research and experimental costs are reasonable costs you incur in your trade or business for activities intended to provide information that would eliminate uncertainty about the development or improvement of a product. 2012 form 1040 Uncertainty exists if the information available to you does not establish how to develop or improve a product or the appropriate design of a product. 2012 form 1040 Whether costs qualify as research and experimental costs depends on the nature of the activity to which the costs relate rather than on the nature of the product or improvement being developed or the level of technological advancement. 2012 form 1040      The costs of obtaining a patent, including attorneys' fees paid or incurred in making and perfecting a patent application, are research and experimental costs. 2012 form 1040 However, costs paid or incurred to obtain another's patent are not research and experimental costs. 2012 form 1040 Product. 2012 form 1040   The term “product” includes any of the following items. 2012 form 1040 Formula. 2012 form 1040 Invention. 2012 form 1040 Patent. 2012 form 1040 Pilot model. 2012 form 1040 Process. 2012 form 1040 Technique. 2012 form 1040 Property similar to the items listed above. 2012 form 1040 It also includes products used by you in your trade or business or held for sale, lease, or license. 2012 form 1040 Costs not included. 2012 form 1040   Research and experimental costs do not include expenses for any of the following activities. 2012 form 1040 Advertising or promotions. 2012 form 1040 Consumer surveys. 2012 form 1040 Efficiency surveys. 2012 form 1040 Management studies. 2012 form 1040 Quality control testing. 2012 form 1040 Research in connection with literary, historical, or similar projects. 2012 form 1040 The acquisition of another's patent, model, production, or process. 2012 form 1040 When and how to elect. 2012 form 1040   You make the election to deduct research and experimental costs by deducting them on your tax return for the year in which you first pay or incur research and experimental costs. 2012 form 1040 If you do not make the election to deduct research and experimental costs in the first year in which you pay or incur the costs, you can deduct the costs in a later year only with approval from the IRS. 2012 form 1040 Deducting or Amortizing Research and Experimentation Costs IF you . 2012 form 1040 . 2012 form 1040 . 2012 form 1040 THEN . 2012 form 1040 . 2012 form 1040 . 2012 form 1040 Elect to deduct research and experimental costs as a current business expense Deduct all research and experimental costs in the first year you pay or incur the costs and all later years. 2012 form 1040 Do not deduct research and experimental costs as a current business expense If you meet the requirements, amortize them over at least 60 months, starting with the month you first receive an economic benefit from the research. 2012 form 1040 See Research and Experimental Costs in chapter 8. 2012 form 1040 Research credit. 2012 form 1040   If you pay or incur qualified research expenses, you may be able to take the research credit. 2012 form 1040 For more information see Form 6765, Credit for Increasing Research Activities and its instructions. 2012 form 1040 Intangible Drilling Costs The costs of developing oil, gas, or geothermal wells are ordinarily capital expenditures. 2012 form 1040 You can usually recover them through depreciation or depletion. 2012 form 1040 However, you can elect to deduct intangible drilling costs (IDCs) as a current business expense. 2012 form 1040 These are certain drilling and development costs for wells in the United States in which you hold an operating or working interest. 2012 form 1040 You can deduct only costs for drilling or preparing a well for the production of oil, gas, or geothermal steam or hot water. 2012 form 1040 You can elect to deduct only the costs of items with no salvage value. 2012 form 1040 These include wages, fuel, repairs, hauling, and supplies related to drilling wells and preparing them for production. 2012 form 1040 Your cost for any drilling or development work done by contractors under any form of contract is also an IDC. 2012 form 1040 However, see Amounts paid to contractor that must be capitalized , later. 2012 form 1040 You can also elect to deduct the cost of drilling exploratory bore holes to determine the location and delineation of offshore hydrocarbon deposits if the shaft is capable of conducting hydrocarbons to the surface on completion. 2012 form 1040 It does not matter whether there is any intent to produce hydrocarbons. 2012 form 1040 If you do not elect to deduct your IDCs as a current business expense, you can elect to deduct them over the 60-month period beginning with the month they were paid or incurred. 2012 form 1040 Amounts paid to contractor that must be capitalized. 2012 form 1040   Amounts paid to a contractor must be capitalized if they are either: Amounts properly allocable to the cost of depreciable property, or Amounts paid only out of production or proceeds from production if these amounts are depletable income to the recipient. 2012 form 1040 How to make the election. 2012 form 1040   You elect to deduct IDCs as a current business expense by taking the deduction on your income tax return for the first tax year you have eligible costs. 2012 form 1040 No formal statement is required. 2012 form 1040 If you file Schedule C (Form 1040), enter these costs under “Other expenses. 2012 form 1040 ”   For oil and gas wells, your election is binding for the year it is made and for all later years. 2012 form 1040 For geothermal wells, your election can be revoked by the filing of an amended return on which you do not take the deduction. 2012 form 1040 You can file the amended return for the year up to the normal time of expiration for filing a claim for credit or refund, generally, within 3 years after the date you filed the original return or within 2 years after the date you paid the tax, whichever is later. 2012 form 1040 Energy credit for costs of geothermal wells. 2012 form 1040   If you capitalize the drilling and development costs of geothermal wells that you place in service during the tax year, you may be able to claim a business energy credit. 2012 form 1040 See the Instructions for Form 3468 for more information. 2012 form 1040 Nonproductive well. 2012 form 1040   If you capitalize your IDCs, you have another option if the well is nonproductive. 2012 form 1040 You can deduct the IDCs of the nonproductive well as an ordinary loss. 2012 form 1040 You must indicate and clearly state your election on your tax return for the year the well is completed. 2012 form 1040 Once made, the election for oil and gas wells is binding for all later years. 2012 form 1040 You can revoke your election for a geothermal well by filing an amended return that does not claim the loss. 2012 form 1040 Costs incurred outside the United States. 2012 form 1040   You cannot deduct as a current business expense all the IDCs paid or incurred for an oil, gas, or geothermal well located outside the United States. 2012 form 1040 However, you can elect to include the costs in the adjusted basis of the well to figure depletion or depreciation. 2012 form 1040 If you do not make this election, you can deduct the costs over the 10-year period beginning with the tax year in which you paid or incurred them. 2012 form 1040 These rules do not apply to a nonproductive well. 2012 form 1040 Exploration Costs The costs of determining the existence, location, extent, or quality of any mineral deposit are ordinarily capital expenditures if the costs lead to the development of a mine. 2012 form 1040 You recover these costs through depletion as the mineral is removed from the ground. 2012 form 1040 However, you can elect to deduct domestic exploration costs paid or incurred before the beginning of the development stage of the mine (except those for oil and gas wells). 2012 form 1040 How to make the election. 2012 form 1040   You elect to deduct exploration costs by taking the deduction on your income tax return, or on an amended income tax return, for the first tax year for which you wish to deduct the costs paid or incurred during the tax year. 2012 form 1040 Your return must adequately describe and identify each property or mine, and clearly state how much is being deducted for each one. 2012 form 1040 The election applies to the tax year you make this election and all later tax years. 2012 form 1040 Partnerships and S corporations. 2012 form 1040   Each partner, not the partnership, elects whether to capitalize or to deduct that partner's share of exploration costs. 2012 form 1040 Each shareholder, not the S corporation, elects whether to capitalize or to deduct that shareholder's share of exploration costs. 2012 form 1040 Reduced corporate deductions for exploration costs. 2012 form 1040   A corporation (other than an S corporation) can deduct only 70% of its domestic exploration costs. 2012 form 1040 It must capitalize the remaining 30% of costs and amortize them over the 60-month period starting with the month the exploration costs are paid or incurred. 2012 form 1040 A corporation may also elect to capitalize and amortize mining exploration costs over a 10-year period. 2012 form 1040 For more information on this method of amortization, see Internal Revenue Code section 59(e). 2012 form 1040   The 30% the corporation capitalizes cannot be added to its basis in the property to figure cost depletion. 2012 form 1040 However, the amount amortized is treated as additional depreciation and is subject to recapture as ordinary income on a disposition of the property. 2012 form 1040 See Section 1250 Property under Depreciation Recapture in chapter 3 of Publication 544. 2012 form 1040   These rules also apply to the deduction of development costs by corporations. 2012 form 1040 See Development Costs , later. 2012 form 1040 Recapture of exploration expenses. 2012 form 1040   When your mine reaches the producing stage, you must recapture any exploration costs you elected to deduct. 2012 form 1040 Use either of the following methods. 2012 form 1040 Method 1—Include the deducted costs in gross income for the tax year the mine reaches the producing stage. 2012 form 1040 Your election must be clearly indicated on the return. 2012 form 1040 Increase your adjusted basis in the mine by the amount included in income. 2012 form 1040 Generally, you must elect this recapture method by the due date (including extensions) of your return. 2012 form 1040 However, if you timely filed your return for the year without making the election, you can still make the election by filing an amended return within 6 months of the due date of the return (excluding extensions). 2012 form 1040 Make the election on your amended return and write “Filed pursuant to section 301. 2012 form 1040 9100-2” on the form where you are including the income. 2012 form 1040 File the amended return at the same address you filed the original return. 2012 form 1040 Method 2—Do not claim any depletion deduction for the tax year the mine reaches the producing stage and any later tax years until the depletion you would have deducted equals the exploration costs you deducted. 2012 form 1040   You also must recapture deducted exploration costs if you receive a bonus or royalty from mine property before it reaches the producing stage. 2012 form 1040 Do not claim any depletion deduction for the tax year you receive the bonus or royalty and any later tax years until the depletion you would have deducted equals the exploration costs you deducted. 2012 form 1040   Generally, if you dispose of the mine before you have fully recaptured the exploration costs you deducted, recapture the balance by treating all or part of your gain as ordinary income. 2012 form 1040 Under these circumstances, you generally treat as ordinary income all of your gain if it is less than your adjusted exploration costs with respect to the mine. 2012 form 1040 If your gain is more than your adjusted exploration costs, treat as ordinary income only a part of your gain, up to the amount of your adjusted exploration costs. 2012 form 1040 Foreign exploration costs. 2012 form 1040   If you pay or incur exploration costs for a mine or other natural deposit located outside the United States, you cannot deduct all the costs in the current year. 2012 form 1040 You can elect to include the costs (other than for an oil, gas, or geothermal well) in the adjusted basis of the mineral property to figure cost depletion. 2012 form 1040 (Cost depletion is discussed in chapter 9 . 2012 form 1040 ) If you do not make this election, you must deduct the costs over the 10-year period beginning with the tax year in which you pay or incur them. 2012 form 1040 These rules also apply to foreign development costs. 2012 form 1040 Development Costs You can deduct costs paid or incurred during the tax year for developing a mine or any other natural deposit (other than an oil or gas well) located in the United States. 2012 form 1040 These costs must be paid or incurred after the discovery of ores or minerals in commercially marketable quantities. 2012 form 1040 Development costs also include depreciation on improvements used in the development of ores or minerals and costs incurred for you by a contractor. 2012 form 1040 Development costs do not include the costs for the acquisition or improvement of depreciable property. 2012 form 1040 Instead of deducting development costs in the year paid or incurred, you can elect to treat the cost as deferred expenses and deduct them ratably as the units of produced ores or minerals benefited by the expenses are sold. 2012 form 1040 This election applies each tax year to expenses paid or incurred in that year. 2012 form 1040 Once made, the election is binding for the year and cannot be revoked for any reason. 2012 form 1040 How to make the election. 2012 form 1040   The election to deduct development costs ratably as the ores or minerals are sold must be made for each mine or other natural deposit by a clear indication on your return or by a statement filed with the IRS office where you file your return. 2012 form 1040 Generally, you must make the election by the due date of the return (including extensions). 2012 form 1040 However, if you timely filed your return for the year without making the election, you can still make the election by filing an amended return within 6 months of the due date of the return (excluding extensions). 2012 form 1040 Clearly indicate the election on your amended return and write “Filed pursuant to section 301. 2012 form 1040 9100-2. 2012 form 1040 ” File the amended return at the same address you filed the original return. 2012 form 1040 Foreign development costs. 2012 form 1040   The rules discussed earlier for foreign exploration costs apply to foreign development costs. 2012 form 1040 Reduced corporate deductions for development costs. 2012 form 1040   The rules discussed earlier for reduced corporate deductions for exploration costs also apply to corporate deductions for development costs. 2012 form 1040 Circulation Costs A publisher can deduct as a current business expense the costs of establishing, maintaining, or increasing the circulation of a newspaper, magazine, or other periodical. 2012 form 1040 For example, a publisher can deduct the cost of hiring extra employees for a limited time to get new subscriptions through telephone calls. 2012 form 1040 Circulation costs are deductible even if they normally would be capitalized. 2012 form 1040 This rule does not apply to the following costs that must be capitalized. 2012 form 1040 The purchase of land or depreciable property. 2012 form 1040 The acquisition of circulation through the purchase of any part of the business of another publisher of a newspaper, magazine, or other periodical, including the purchase of another publisher's list of subscribers. 2012 form 1040 Other treatment of circulation costs. 2012 form 1040   If you do not want to deduct circulation costs as a current business expense, you can elect one of the following ways to recover these costs. 2012 form 1040 Capitalize all circulation costs that are properly chargeable to a capital account (see chapter 1 ). 2012 form 1040 Amortize circulation costs over the 3-year period beginning with the tax year they were paid or incurred. 2012 form 1040 How to make the election. 2012 form 1040   You elect to capitalize circulation costs by attaching a statement to your return for the first tax year the election applies. 2012 form 1040 Your election is binding for the year it is made and for all later years, unless you get IRS approval to revoke it. 2012 form 1040 Business Start-Up and Organizational Costs Business start-up and organizational costs are generally capital expenditures. 2012 form 1040 However, you can elect to deduct up to $5,000 of business start-up and $5,000 of organizational costs paid or incurred after October 22, 2004. 2012 form 1040 The $5,000 deduction is reduced by the amount your total start-up or organizational costs exceed $50,000. 2012 form 1040 Any remaining costs must be amortized. 2012 form 1040 For information about amortizing start-up and organizational costs, see chapter 8 . 2012 form 1040 Start-up costs include any amounts paid or incurred in connection with creating an active trade or business or investigating the creation or acquisition of an active trade or business. 2012 form 1040 Organizational costs include the costs of creating a corporation. 2012 form 1040 For more information on start-up and organizational costs, see chapter 8 . 2012 form 1040 How to make the election. 2012 form 1040   You elect to deduct the start-up or organizational costs by claiming the deduction on your income tax return (filed by the due date including extensions) for the tax year in which the active trade or business begins. 2012 form 1040 However, if you timely filed your return for the year without making the election, you can still make the election by filing an amended return within 6 months of the due date of the return (excluding extensions). 2012 form 1040 Clearly indicate the election on your amended return and write “Filed pursuant to section 301. 2012 form 1040 9100-2. 2012 form 1040 ” File the amended return at the same address you filed the original return. 2012 form 1040 The election applies when computing taxable income for the current tax year and all subsequent years. 2012 form 1040 Reforestation Costs Reforestation costs are generally capital expenditures. 2012 form 1040 However, you can elect to deduct up to $10,000 ($5,000 if married filing separately; $0 for a trust) of qualifying reforestation costs paid or incurred after October 22, 2004, for each qualified timber property. 2012 form 1040 The remaining costs can be amortized over an 84-month period. 2012 form 1040 For information about amortizing reforestation costs, see chapter 8 . 2012 form 1040 Qualifying reforestation costs are the direct costs of planting or seeding for forestation or reforestation. 2012 form 1040 Qualified timber property is property that contains trees in significant commercial quantities. 2012 form 1040 See chapter 8 for more information on qualifying reforestation costs and qualified timber property. 2012 form 1040 If you elect to deduct qualified reforestation costs, create and maintain separate timber accounts for each qualified timber property and include all reforestation costs and the dates each was applied. 2012 form 1040 Do not include this qualified timber property in any account (for example, depletion block) for which depletion is allowed. 2012 form 1040 How to make the election. 2012 form 1040   You elect to deduct qualifying reforestation costs by claiming the deduction on your timely filed income tax return (including extensions) for the tax year the expenses were paid or incurred. 2012 form 1040 If Form T (Timber), Forest Activities Schedule, is required, complete Part IV of Form T. 2012 form 1040 If Form T is not required, attach a statement containing the following information for each qualified timber property for which an election is being made. 2012 form 1040 The unique stand identification numbers. 2012 form 1040 The total number of acres reforested during the tax year. 2012 form 1040 The nature of the reforestation treatments. 2012 form 1040 The total amounts of qualified reforestation expenditures eligible to be amortized or deducted. 2012 form 1040   If you timely filed your return for the year without making the election, you can still make the election by filing an amended return within 6 months of the due date of the return (excluding extensions). 2012 form 1040 Clearly indicate the election on your amended return and write “Filed pursuant to section 301. 2012 form 1040 9100-2. 2012 form 1040 ” File the amended return at the same address you filed the original return. 2012 form 1040 The election applies when computing taxable income for the current tax year and all subsequent years. 2012 form 1040   For additional information on reforestation costs, see chapter 8 . 2012 form 1040 Recapture. 2012 form 1040   This deduction may have to be recaptured as ordinary income under section 1245 when you sell or otherwise dispose of the property that would have received an addition to basis if you had not elected to deduct the expenditure. 2012 form 1040 For more information on recapturing the deduction, see Depreciation Recapture in Publication 544. 2012 form 1040 Retired Asset Removal Costs If you retire and remove a depreciable asset in connection with the installation or production of a replacement asset, you can deduct the costs of removing the retired asset. 2012 form 1040 However, if you replace a component (part) of a depreciable asset, capitalize the removal costs if the replacement is an improvement and deduct the costs if the replacement is a repair. 2012 form 1040 Barrier Removal Costs The cost of an improvement to a business asset is normally a capital expense. 2012 form 1040 However, you can elect to deduct the costs of making a facility or public transportation vehicle more accessible to and usable by those who are disabled or elderly. 2012 form 1040 You must own or lease the facility or vehicle for use in connection with your trade or business. 2012 form 1040 A facility is all or any part of buildings, structures, equipment, roads, walks, parking lots, or similar real or personal property. 2012 form 1040 A public transportation vehicle is a vehicle, such as a bus or railroad car, that provides transportation service to the public (including service for your customers, even if you are not in the business of providing transportation services). 2012 form 1040 You cannot deduct any costs that you paid or incurred to completely renovate or build a facility or public transportation vehicle or to replace depreciable property in the normal course of business. 2012 form 1040 Deduction limit. 2012 form 1040   The most you can deduct as a cost of removing barriers to the disabled and the elderly for any tax year is $15,000. 2012 form 1040 However, you can add any costs over this limit to the basis of the property and depreciate these excess costs. 2012 form 1040 Partners and partnerships. 2012 form 1040   The $15,000 limit applies to a partnership and also to each partner in the partnership. 2012 form 1040 A partner can allocate the $15,000 limit in any manner among the partner's individually incurred costs and the partner's distributive share of partnership costs. 2012 form 1040 If the partner cannot deduct the entire share of partnership costs, the partnership can add any costs not deducted to the basis of the improved property. 2012 form 1040   A partnership must be able to show that any amount added to basis was not deducted by the partner and that it was over a partner's $15,000 limit (as determined by the partner). 2012 form 1040 If the partnership cannot show this, it is presumed that the partner was able to deduct the distributive share of the partnership's costs in full. 2012 form 1040 Example. 2012 form 1040 Emilio Azul's distributive share of ABC partnership's deductible expenses for the removal of architectural barriers was $14,000. 2012 form 1040 Emilio had $12,000 of similar expenses in his sole proprietorship. 2012 form 1040 He elected to deduct $7,000 of them. 2012 form 1040 Emilio allocated the remaining $8,000 of the $15,000 limit to his share of ABC's expenses. 2012 form 1040 Emilio can add the excess $5,000 of his own expenses to the basis of the property used in his business. 2012 form 1040 Also, if ABC can show that Emilio could not deduct $6,000 ($14,000 – $8,000) of his share of the partnership's expenses because of how Emilio applied the limit, ABC can add $6,000 to the basis of its property. 2012 form 1040 Qualification standards. 2012 form 1040   You can deduct your costs as a current expense only if the barrier removal meets the guidelines and requirements issued by the Architectural and Transportation Barriers Compliance Board under the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) of 1990. 2012 form 1040 You can view the Americans with Disabilities Act at www. 2012 form 1040 ada. 2012 form 1040 gov/pubs/ada. 2012 form 1040 htm. 2012 form 1040   The following is a list of some architectural barrier removal costs that can be deducted. 2012 form 1040 Ground and floor surfaces. 2012 form 1040 Walks. 2012 form 1040 Parking lots. 2012 form 1040 Ramps. 2012 form 1040 Entrances. 2012 form 1040 Doors and doorways. 2012 form 1040 Stairs. 2012 form 1040 Floors. 2012 form 1040 Toilet rooms. 2012 form 1040 Water fountains. 2012 form 1040 Public telephones. 2012 form 1040 Elevators. 2012 form 1040 Controls. 2012 form 1040 Signage. 2012 form 1040 Alarms. 2012 form 1040 Protruding objects. 2012 form 1040 Symbols of accessibility. 2012 form 1040 You can find the ADA guidelines and requirements for architectural barrier removal at www. 2012 form 1040 usdoj. 2012 form 1040 gov/crt/ada/reg3a. 2012 form 1040 html. 2012 form 1040   The costs for removal of transportation barriers from rail facilities, buses, and rapid and light rail vehicles are deductible. 2012 form 1040 You can find the guidelines and requirements for transportation barrier removal at www. 2012 form 1040 fta. 2012 form 1040 dot. 2012 form 1040 gov. 2012 form 1040   Also, you can access the ADA website at www. 2012 form 1040 ada. 2012 form 1040 gov for additional information. 2012 form 1040 Other barrier removals. 2012 form 1040   To be deductible, expenses of removing any barrier not covered by the above standards must meet all three of the following tests. 2012 form 1040 The removed barrier must be a substantial barrier to access or use of a facility or public transportation vehicle by persons who have a disability or are elderly. 2012 form 1040 The removed barrier must have been a barrier for at least one major group of persons who have a disability or are elderly (such as people who are blind, deaf, or wheelchair users). 2012 form 1040 The barrier must be removed without creating any new barrier that significantly impairs access to or use of the facility or vehicle by a major group of persons who have a disability or are elderly. 2012 form 1040 How to make the election. 2012 form 1040   If you elect to deduct your costs for removing barriers to the disabled or the elderly, claim the deduction on your income tax return (partnership return for partnerships) for the tax year the expenses were paid or incurred. 2012 form 1040 Identify the deduction as a separate item. 2012 form 1040 The election applies to all the qualifying costs you have during the year, up to the $15,000 limit. 2012 form 1040 If you make this election, you must maintain adequate records to support your deduction. 2012 form 1040   For your election to be valid, you generally must file your return by its due date, including extensions. 2012 form 1040 However, if you timely filed your return for the year without making the election, you can still make the election by filing an amended return within 6 months of the due date of the return (excluding extensions). 2012 form 1040 Clearly indicate the election on your amended return and write “Filed pursuant to section 301. 2012 form 1040 9100-2. 2012 form 1040 ” File the amended return at the same address you filed the original return. 2012 form 1040 Your election is irrevocable after the due date, including extensions, of your return. 2012 form 1040 Disabled access credit. 2012 form 1040   If you make your business accessible to persons with disabilities and your business is an eligible small business, you may be able to claim the disabled access credit. 2012 form 1040 If you choose to claim the credit, you must reduce the amount you deduct or capitalize by the amount of the credit. 2012 form 1040   For more information, see Form 8826, Disabled Access Credit. 2012 form 1040 Film and Television Production Costs Film and television production costs are generally capital expenses. 2012 form 1040 However, you can elect to deduct costs paid or incurred for certain productions commencing before January 1, 2014. 2012 form 1040 For more information, see section 181 of the Internal Revenue Code and the related Treasury Regulations. 2012 form 1040 Prev  Up  Next   Home   More Online Publications