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Amend Tax Return Online

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Amend Tax Return Online

Amend tax return online 11. Amend tax return online   Other Expenses Table of Contents What's New Introduction Topics - This chapter discusses: Useful Items - You may want to see: Reimbursement of Travel, Meals, and EntertainmentReimbursements Miscellaneous ExpensesMeaning of generally enforced. Amend tax return online Kickbacks. Amend tax return online Form 1099-MISC. Amend tax return online Exception. Amend tax return online Tax preparation fees. Amend tax return online Covered executive branch official. Amend tax return online Exceptions to denial of deduction. Amend tax return online Indirect political contributions. Amend tax return online Type of deduction. Amend tax return online Repayment—$3,000 or less. Amend tax return online Repayment—over $3,000. Amend tax return online Method 1. Amend tax return online Method 2. Amend tax return online Repayment does not apply. Amend tax return online Year of deduction (or credit). Amend tax return online Telephone. Amend tax return online What's New Standard mileage rate. Amend tax return online  Beginning in 2013, the standard mileage rate for the cost of operating your car, van, pickup, or panel truck for business use is 56. Amend tax return online 5 cents per mile. Amend tax return online For more information, see Car and truck expenses under Miscellaneous Expenses. Amend tax return online Introduction This chapter covers business expenses that may not have been explained to you, as a business owner, in previous chapters of this publication. Amend tax return online Topics - This chapter discusses: Travel, meals, and entertainment Bribes and kickbacks Charitable contributions Education expenses Lobbying expenses Penalties and fines Repayments (claim of right) Other miscellaneous expenses Useful Items - You may want to see: Publication 15-B Employer's Tax Guide to Fringe Benefits 463 Travel, Entertainment, Gift, and Car Expenses 526 Charitable Contributions 529 Miscellaneous Deductions 544 Sales and Other Dispositions of Assets 970 Tax Benefits for Education 1542 Per Diem Rates See chapter 12 for information about getting publications and forms. Amend tax return online Reimbursement of Travel, Meals, and Entertainment The following discussion explains how to handle any reimbursements or allowances you may provide to your employees under a reimbursement or allowance arrangement for travel, meals, and entertainment expenses. Amend tax return online If you are self-employed and report your income and expenses on Schedule C or C-EZ (Form 1040), see Publication 463. Amend tax return online To be deductible for tax purposes, expenses incurred for travel, meals, and entertainment must be ordinary and necessary expenses incurred while carrying on your trade or business. Amend tax return online Generally, you also must show that entertainment expenses (including meals) are directly related to, or associated with, the conduct of your trade or business. Amend tax return online For more information on travel, meals, and entertainment, including deductibility, see Publication 463. Amend tax return online Reimbursements A “reimbursement or allowance arrangement” provides for payment of advances, reimbursements, and allowances for travel, meals, and entertainment expenses incurred by your employees during the ordinary course of business. Amend tax return online If the expenses are substantiated, you can deduct the allowable amount on your tax return. Amend tax return online Because of differences between accounting methods and tax law, the amount you can deduct for tax purposes may not be the same as the amount you deduct on your business books and records. Amend tax return online For example, you can deduct 100% of the cost of meals on your business books and records. Amend tax return online However, only 50% of these costs are allowed by law as a tax deduction. Amend tax return online How you deduct a business expense under a reimbursement or allowance arrangement depends on whether you have: An accountable plan, or A nonaccountable plan. Amend tax return online If you reimburse these expenses under an accountable plan, deduct them as travel, meals, or entertainment expenses. Amend tax return online If you reimburse these expenses under a nonaccountable plan, report the reimbursements as wages on Form W-2, Wage and Tax Statement, and deduct them as wages on the appropriate line of your tax return. Amend tax return online If you make a single payment to your employees and it includes both wages and an expense reimbursement, you must specify the amount of the reimbursement and report it accordingly. Amend tax return online See Table 11-1 , Reporting Reimbursements. Amend tax return online Accountable Plans An accountable plan requires your employees to meet all of the following requirements. Amend tax return online Each employee must: Have paid or incurred deductible expenses while performing services as your employee, Adequately account to you for these expenses within a reasonable period of time, and Return any excess reimbursement or allowance within a reasonable period of time. Amend tax return online An arrangement under which you advance money to employees is treated as meeting (3) above only if the following requirements are also met. Amend tax return online The advance is reasonably calculated not to exceed the amount of anticipated expenses. Amend tax return online You make the advance within a reasonable period of time of your employee paying or incurring the expense. Amend tax return online If any expenses reimbursed under this arrangement are not substantiated, or an excess reimbursement is not returned within a reasonable period of time by an employee, you cannot treat these expenses as reimbursed under an accountable plan. Amend tax return online Instead, treat the reimbursed expenses as paid under a nonaccountable plan, discussed later. Amend tax return online Adequate accounting. Amend tax return online   Your employees must adequately account to you for their travel, meals, and entertainment expenses. Amend tax return online They must give you documentary evidence of their travel, mileage, and other employee business expenses. Amend tax return online This evidence should include items such as receipts, along with either a statement of expenses, an account book, a day-planner, or similar record in which the employee entered each expense at or near the time the expense was incurred. Amend tax return online Excess reimbursement or allowance. Amend tax return online   An excess reimbursement or allowance is any amount you pay to an employee that is more than the business-related expenses for which the employee adequately accounted. Amend tax return online The employee must return any excess reimbursement or other expense allowance to you within a reasonable period of time. Amend tax return online Reasonable period of time. Amend tax return online   A reasonable period of time depends on the facts and circumstances. Amend tax return online Generally, actions that take place within the times specified in the following list will be treated as taking place within a reasonable period of time. Amend tax return online You give an advance within 30 days of the time the employee pays or incurs the expense. Amend tax return online Your employees adequately account for their expenses within 60 days after the expenses were paid or incurred. Amend tax return online Your employees return any excess reimbursement within 120 days after the expenses were paid or incurred. Amend tax return online You give a periodic statement (at least quarterly) to your employees that asks them to either return or adequately account for outstanding advances and they comply within 120 days of the date of the statement. Amend tax return online How to deduct. Amend tax return online   You can claim a deduction for travel, meals, and entertainment expenses if you reimburse your employees for these expenses under an accountable plan. Amend tax return online Generally, the amount you can deduct for meals and entertainment is subject to a 50% limit, discussed later. Amend tax return online If you are a sole proprietor, or are filing as a single member limited liability company, deduct the travel reimbursement on line 24a and the deductible part of the meals and entertainment reimbursement on line 24b, Schedule C (Form 1040) or line 2, Schedule C-EZ (Form 1040). Amend tax return online   If you are filing an income tax return for a corporation, include the reimbursement on the Other deductions line of Form 1120, U. Amend tax return online S. Amend tax return online Corporation Income Tax Return. Amend tax return online If you are filing any other business income tax return, such as a partnership or S corporation return, deduct the reimbursement on the appropriate line of the return as provided in the instructions for that return. Amend tax return online Table 11-1. Amend tax return online Reporting Reimbursements IF the type of reimbursement (or other expense allowance) arrangement is under THEN the employer reports on Form W-2 An accountable plan with: Actual expense reimbursement:  Adequate accounting made and excess returned No amount. Amend tax return online Actual expense reimbursement:  Adequate accounting and return of excess both required but excess not returned The excess amount as wages in box 1. Amend tax return online Per diem or mileage allowance up to the federal rate:  Adequate accounting made and excess returned No amount. Amend tax return online Per diem or mileage allowance up to the federal rate:  Adequate accounting and return of excess both required but excess not returned The excess amount as wages in box 1. Amend tax return online The amount up to the federal rate is reported only in box 12—it is not reported in box 1. Amend tax return online Per diem or mileage allowance exceeds the federal rate:  Adequate accounting made up to the federal rate only and excess not returned The excess amount as wages in box 1. Amend tax return online The amount up to the federal rate is reported only in box 12—it is not reported in box 1. Amend tax return online A nonaccountable plan with: Either adequate accounting or return of excess, or both, not required by plan The entire amount as wages in box 1. Amend tax return online No reimbursement plan The entire amount as wages in box 1. Amend tax return online Per Diem and Car Allowances You can reimburse your employees under an accountable plan based on travel days, miles, or some other fixed allowance. Amend tax return online In these cases, your employee is considered to have accounted to you for the amount of the expense that does not exceed the rates established by the federal government. Amend tax return online Your employee must actually substantiate to you the other elements of the expense, such as time, place, and business purpose. Amend tax return online Federal rate. Amend tax return online   The federal rate can be figured using any one of the following methods. Amend tax return online For car expenses: The standard mileage rate. Amend tax return online A fixed and variable rate (FAVR). Amend tax return online For per diem amounts: The regular federal per diem rate. Amend tax return online The standard meal allowance. Amend tax return online The high-low rate. Amend tax return online Car allowance. Amend tax return online   Your employee is considered to have accounted to you for car expenses that do not exceed the standard mileage rate. Amend tax return online Beginning in 2013, the standard business mileage rate is 56. Amend tax return online 5 cents per mile. Amend tax return online   You can choose to reimburse your employees using a fixed and variable rate (FAVR) allowance. Amend tax return online This is an allowance that includes a combination of payments covering fixed and variable costs, such as a cents-per-mile rate to cover your employees' variable operating costs (such as gas, oil, etc. Amend tax return online ) plus a flat amount to cover your employees' fixed costs (such as depreciation, insurance, etc. Amend tax return online ). Amend tax return online For information on using a FAVR allowance, see Revenue Procedure 2010-51, available at www. Amend tax return online irs. Amend tax return online gov/irb/2010-51_IRB/ar14. Amend tax return online html and Notice 2012-72, available at www. Amend tax return online irs. Amend tax return online gov/irb/2012-50_IRB/ar10. Amend tax return online html. Amend tax return online Per diem allowance. Amend tax return online   If your employee actually substantiates to you the other elements (discussed earlier) of the expenses reimbursed using the per diem allowance, how you report and deduct the allowance depends on whether the allowance is for lodging and meal expenses or for meal expenses only and whether the allowance is more than the federal rate. Amend tax return online Regular federal per diem rate. Amend tax return online   The regular federal per diem rate is the highest amount the federal government will pay to its employees while away from home on travel. Amend tax return online It has two components: Lodging expense, and Meal and incidental expense (M&IE). Amend tax return online The rates are different for different locations. Amend tax return online Publication 1542 lists the rates in the continental United States. Amend tax return online Standard meal allowance. Amend tax return online   The federal rate for meal and incidental expenses (M&IE) is the standard meal allowance. Amend tax return online You can pay only an M&IE allowance to employees who travel away from home if: You pay the employee for actual expenses for lodging based on receipts submitted to you, You provide for the lodging, You pay for the actual expense of the lodging directly to the provider, You do not have a reasonable belief that lodging expenses were incurred by the employee, or The allowance is computed on a basis similar to that used in computing the employee's wages (that is, number of hours worked or miles traveled). Amend tax return online Internet access. Amend tax return online    Per diem rates are available on the Internet. Amend tax return online You can access per diem rates at www. Amend tax return online gsa. Amend tax return online gov/perdiemrates. Amend tax return online High-low method. Amend tax return online   This is a simplified method of computing the federal per diem rate for travel within the continental United States. Amend tax return online It eliminates the need to keep a current list of the per diem rate for each city. Amend tax return online   Under the high-low method, the per diem amount for travel during January through September of 2013 is $242 ($65 for M&IE) for certain high-cost locations. Amend tax return online All other areas have a per diem amount of $163 ($52 for M&IE). Amend tax return online The high-cost locations eligible for the higher per diem amount under the high-low method are listed in Publication 1542. Amend tax return online   Effective October 1, 2013, the per diem rate for high-cost locations increased to $251 ($65 for M&IE). Amend tax return online The rate for all other locations increased to $170 ($52 for M&IE). Amend tax return online For October, November, and December 2013, you can either continue to use the rates described in the preceding paragraph or change to the new rates. Amend tax return online However, you must use the same rate for all employees reimbursed under the high-low method. Amend tax return online   For more information about the high-low method, see Notice 2013-65, available at www. Amend tax return online irs. Amend tax return online gov/irb/2013-44_IRB/ar13. Amend tax return online html. Amend tax return online See Publication 1542 (available on the Internet at IRS. Amend tax return online gov) for the current per diem rates for all locations. Amend tax return online Reporting per diem and car allowances. Amend tax return online   The following discussion explains how to report per diem and car allowances. Amend tax return online The manner in which you report them depends on how the allowance compares to the federal rate. Amend tax return online See Table 11-1. Amend tax return online Allowance less than or equal to the federal rate. Amend tax return online   If your allowance for the employee is less than or equal to the appropriate federal rate, that allowance is not included as part of the employee's pay in box 1 of the employee's Form W-2. Amend tax return online Deduct the allowance as travel expenses (including meals that may be subject to the 50% limit, discussed later). Amend tax return online See How to deduct under Accountable Plans, earlier. Amend tax return online Allowance more than the federal rate. Amend tax return online   If your employee's allowance is more than the appropriate federal rate, you must report the allowance as two separate items. Amend tax return online   Include the allowance amount up to the federal rate in box 12 (code L) of the employee's Form W-2. Amend tax return online Deduct it as travel expenses (as explained above). Amend tax return online This part of the allowance is treated as reimbursed under an accountable plan. Amend tax return online   Include the amount that is more than the federal rate in box 1 (and in boxes 3 and 5 if they apply) of the employee's Form W-2. Amend tax return online Deduct it as wages subject to income tax withholding, social security, Medicare, and federal unemployment taxes. Amend tax return online This part of the allowance is treated as reimbursed under a nonaccountable plan as explained later under Nonaccountable Plans. Amend tax return online Meals and Entertainment Under an accountable plan, you can generally deduct only 50% of any otherwise deductible business-related meal and entertainment expenses you reimburse your employees. Amend tax return online The deduction limit applies even if you reimburse them for 100% of the expenses. Amend tax return online Application of the 50% limit. Amend tax return online   The 50% deduction limit applies to reimbursements you make to your employees for expenses they incur for meals while traveling away from home on business and for entertaining business customers at your place of business, a restaurant, or another location. Amend tax return online It applies to expenses incurred at a business convention or reception, business meeting, or business luncheon at a club. Amend tax return online The deduction limit may also apply to meals you furnish on your premises to your employees. Amend tax return online Related expenses. Amend tax return online   Taxes and tips relating to a meal or entertainment activity you reimburse to your employee under an accountable plan are included in the amount subject to the 50% limit. Amend tax return online Reimbursements you make for expenses, such as cover charges for admission to a nightclub, rent paid for a room to hold a dinner or cocktail party, or the amount you pay for parking at a sports arena, are all subject to the 50% limit. Amend tax return online However, the cost of transportation to and from an otherwise allowable business meal or a business-related entertainment activity is not subject to the 50% limit. Amend tax return online Amount subject to 50% limit. Amend tax return online   If you provide your employees with a per diem allowance only for meal and incidental expenses, the amount treated as an expense for food and beverages is the lesser of the following. Amend tax return online The per diem allowance. Amend tax return online The federal rate for M&IE. Amend tax return online   If you provide your employees with a per diem allowance that covers lodging, meals, and incidental expenses, you must treat an amount equal to the federal M&IE rate for the area of travel as an expense for food and beverages. Amend tax return online If the per diem allowance you provide is less than the federal per diem rate for the area of travel, you can treat 40% of the per diem allowance as the amount for food and beverages. Amend tax return online Meal expenses when subject to “hours of service” limits. Amend tax return online   You can deduct 80% of the cost of reimbursed meals your employees consume while away from their tax home on business during, or incident to, any period subject to the Department of Transportation's “hours of service” limits. Amend tax return online   See Publication 463 for a detailed discussion of individuals subject to the Department of Transportation's “hours of service” limits. Amend tax return online De minimis (minimal) fringe benefit. Amend tax return online   The 50% limit does not apply to an expense for food or beverage that is excluded from the gross income of an employee because it is a de minimis fringe benefit. Amend tax return online See Publication 15-B for additional information on de minimis fringe benefits. Amend tax return online Company cafeteria or executive dining room. Amend tax return online   The cost of food and beverages you provide primarily to your employees on your business premises is deductible. Amend tax return online This includes the cost of maintaining the facilities for providing the food and beverages. Amend tax return online These expenses are subject to the 50% limit unless they qualify as a de minimis fringe benefit, as just discussed, or unless they are compensation to your employees (explained later). Amend tax return online Employee activities. Amend tax return online   The expense of providing recreational, social, or similar activities (including the use of a facility) for your employees is deductible and is not subject to the 50% limit. Amend tax return online The benefit must be primarily for your employees who are not highly compensated. Amend tax return online   For this purpose, a highly compensated employee is an employee who meets either of the following requirements. Amend tax return online Owned a 10% or more interest in the business during the year or the preceding year. Amend tax return online An employee is treated as owning any interest owned by his or her brother, sister, spouse, ancestors, and lineal descendants. Amend tax return online Received more than $115,000 in pay for the preceding year. Amend tax return online You can choose to include only employees who were also in the top 20% of employees when ranked by pay for the preceding year. Amend tax return online   For example, the expenses for food, beverages, and entertainment for a company-wide picnic are not subject to the 50% limit. Amend tax return online Meals or entertainment treated as compensation. Amend tax return online   The 50% limit does not apply to either of the following. Amend tax return online Expenses for meals or entertainment that you treat as: Compensation to an employee who was the recipient of the meals or entertainment, and Wages subject to withholding of federal income tax. Amend tax return online Expenses for meals or entertainment if: A recipient of the meals or entertainment who is not your employee has to include the expenses in gross income as compensation for services or as a prize or award, and You include that amount on a Form 1099 issued to the recipient, if a Form 1099 is required. Amend tax return online Sales of meals or entertainment. Amend tax return online   You can deduct the cost of meals or entertainment (including the use of facilities) you sell to the public. Amend tax return online For example, if you run a nightclub, your expense for the entertainment you furnish to your customers, such as a floor show, is a business expense that is fully deductible. Amend tax return online The 50% limit does not apply to this expense. Amend tax return online Providing meals or entertainment to general public to promote goodwill. Amend tax return online   You can deduct the cost of providing meals, entertainment, or recreational facilities to the general public as a means of advertising or promoting goodwill in the community. Amend tax return online The 50% limit does not apply to this expense. Amend tax return online Director, stockholder, or employee meetings. Amend tax return online   You can deduct entertainment expenses directly related to business meetings of your employees, partners, stockholders, agents, or directors. Amend tax return online You can provide some minor social activities, but the main purpose of the meeting must be your company's business. Amend tax return online These expenses are subject to the 50% limit. Amend tax return online Trade association meetings. Amend tax return online   You can deduct expenses directly related to and necessary for attending business meetings or conventions of certain tax-exempt organizations. Amend tax return online These organizations include business leagues, chambers of commerce, real estate boards, and trade and professional associations. Amend tax return online Nonaccountable Plans A nonaccountable plan is an arrangement that does not meet the requirements for an accountable plan. Amend tax return online All amounts paid, or treated as paid, under a nonaccountable plan are reported as wages on Form W-2. Amend tax return online The payments are subject to income tax withholding, social security, Medicare, and federal unemployment taxes. Amend tax return online You can deduct the reimbursement as compensation or wages only to the extent it meets the deductibility tests for employees' pay in chapter 2. Amend tax return online Deduct the allowable amount as compensation or wages on the appropriate line of your income tax return, as provided in its instructions. Amend tax return online Miscellaneous Expenses In addition to travel, meal, and entertainment expenses, there are other expenses you can deduct. Amend tax return online Advertising expenses. Amend tax return online   You generally can deduct reasonable advertising expenses that are directly related to your business activities. Amend tax return online Generally, you cannot deduct amounts paid to influence legislation (i. Amend tax return online e. Amend tax return online , lobbying). Amend tax return online See Lobbying expenses , later. Amend tax return online   You can usually deduct as a business expense the cost of institutional or goodwill advertising to keep your name before the public if it relates to business you reasonably expect to gain in the future. Amend tax return online For example, the cost of advertising that encourages people to contribute to the Red Cross, to buy U. Amend tax return online S. Amend tax return online Savings Bonds, or to participate in similar causes is usually deductible. Amend tax return online Anticipated liabilities. Amend tax return online   Anticipated liabilities or reserves for anticipated liabilities are not deductible. Amend tax return online For example, assume you sold 1-year TV service contracts this year totaling $50,000. Amend tax return online From experience, you know you will have expenses of about $15,000 in the coming year for these contracts. Amend tax return online You cannot deduct any of the $15,000 this year by charging expenses to a reserve or liability account. Amend tax return online You can deduct your expenses only when you actually pay or accrue them, depending on your accounting method. Amend tax return online Bribes and kickbacks. Amend tax return online   Engaging in the payment of bribes or kickbacks is a serious criminal matter. Amend tax return online Such activity could result in criminal prosecution. Amend tax return online Any payments that appear to have been made, either directly or indirectly, to an official or employee of any government or an agency or instrumentality of any government are not deductible for tax purposes and are in violation of the law. Amend tax return online   Payments paid directly or indirectly to a person in violation of any federal or state law (but only if that state law is generally enforced, defined below) that provides for a criminal penalty or for the loss of a license or privilege to engage in a trade or business are also not allowed as a deduction for tax purposes. Amend tax return online Meaning of “generally enforced. Amend tax return online ”   A state law is considered generally enforced unless it is never enforced or enforced only for infamous persons or persons whose violations are extraordinarily flagrant. Amend tax return online For example, a state law is generally enforced unless proper reporting of a violation of the law results in enforcement only under unusual circumstances. Amend tax return online Kickbacks. Amend tax return online   A kickback is a payment for referring a client, patient, or customer. Amend tax return online The common kickback situation occurs when money or property is given to someone as payment for influencing a third party to purchase from, use the services of, or otherwise deal with the person who pays the kickback. Amend tax return online In many cases, the person whose business is being sought or enjoyed by the person who pays the kickback is not aware of the payment. Amend tax return online   For example, the Yard Corporation is in the business of repairing ships. Amend tax return online It returns 10% of the repair bills as kickbacks to the captains and chief officers of the vessels it repairs. Amend tax return online Although this practice is considered an ordinary and necessary expense of getting business, it is clearly a violation of a state law that is generally enforced. Amend tax return online These expenditures are not deductible for tax purposes, whether or not the owners of the shipyard are subsequently prosecuted. Amend tax return online Form 1099-MISC. Amend tax return online   It does not matter whether any kickbacks paid during the tax year are deductible on your income tax return in regards to information reporting. Amend tax return online See Form 1099-MISC for more information. Amend tax return online Car and truck expenses. Amend tax return online   The costs of operating a car, truck, or other vehicle in your business are deductible. Amend tax return online For more information on how to figure your deduction, see Publication 463. Amend tax return online Charitable contributions. Amend tax return online   Cash payments to an organization, charitable or otherwise, may be deductible as business expenses if the payments are not charitable contributions or gifts and are directly related to your business. Amend tax return online If the payments are charitable contributions or gifts, you cannot deduct them as business expenses. Amend tax return online However, corporations (other than S corporations) can deduct charitable contributions on their income tax returns, subject to limitations. Amend tax return online See the Instructions for Form 1120 for more information. Amend tax return online Sole proprietors, partners in a partnership, or shareholders in an S corporation may be able to deduct charitable contributions made by their business on Schedule A (Form 1040). Amend tax return online Example. Amend tax return online You paid $15 to a local church for a half-page ad in a program for a concert it is sponsoring. Amend tax return online The purpose of the ad was to encourage readers to buy your products. Amend tax return online Your payment is not a charitable contribution. Amend tax return online You can deduct it as an advertising expense. Amend tax return online Example. Amend tax return online You made a $100,000 donation to a committee organized by the local Chamber of Commerce to bring a convention to your city, intended to increase business activity, including yours. Amend tax return online Your payment is not a charitable contribution. Amend tax return online You can deduct it as a business expense. Amend tax return online See Publication 526 for a discussion of donated inventory, including capital gain property. Amend tax return online Club dues and membership fees. Amend tax return online   Generally, you cannot deduct amounts paid or incurred for membership in any club organized for business, pleasure, recreation, or any other social purpose. Amend tax return online This includes country clubs, golf and athletic clubs, hotel clubs, sporting clubs, airline clubs, and clubs operated to provide meals under circumstances generally considered to be conducive to business discussions. Amend tax return online Exception. Amend tax return online   The following organizations are not treated as clubs organized for business, pleasure, recreation, or other social purpose unless one of the main purposes is to conduct entertainment activities for members or their guests or to provide members or their guests with access to entertainment facilities. Amend tax return online Boards of trade. Amend tax return online Business leagues. Amend tax return online Chambers of commerce. Amend tax return online Civic or public service organizations. Amend tax return online Professional organizations such as bar associations and medical associations. Amend tax return online Real estate boards. Amend tax return online Trade associations. Amend tax return online Credit card convenience fees. Amend tax return online   Credit card companies charge a fee to businesses who accept their cards. Amend tax return online This fee when paid or incurred by the business can be deducted as a business expense. Amend tax return online Damages recovered. Amend tax return online   Special rules apply to compensation you receive for damages sustained as a result of patent infringement, breach of contract or fiduciary duty, or antitrust violations. Amend tax return online You must include this compensation in your income. Amend tax return online However, you may be able to take a special deduction. Amend tax return online The deduction applies only to amounts recovered for actual economic injury, not any additional amount. Amend tax return online The deduction is the smaller of the following. Amend tax return online The amount you received or accrued for damages in the tax year reduced by the amount you paid or incurred in the year to recover that amount. Amend tax return online Your losses from the injury you have not deducted. Amend tax return online Demolition expenses or losses. Amend tax return online   Amounts paid or incurred to demolish a structure are not deductible. Amend tax return online These amounts are added to the basis of the land where the demolished structure was located. Amend tax return online Any loss for the remaining undepreciated basis of a demolished structure would not be recognized until the property is disposed of. Amend tax return online Education expenses. Amend tax return online   Ordinary and necessary expenses paid for the cost of the education and training of your employees are deductible. Amend tax return online See Education Expenses in chapter 2. Amend tax return online   You can also deduct the cost of your own education (including certain related travel) related to your trade or business. Amend tax return online You must be able to show the education maintains or improves skills required in your trade or business, or that it is required by law or regulations, for keeping your license to practice, status, or job. Amend tax return online For example, an attorney can deduct the cost of attending Continuing Legal Education (CLE) classes that are required by the state bar association to maintain his or her license to practice law. Amend tax return online   Education expenses you incur to meet the minimum requirements of your present trade or business, or those that qualify you for a new trade or business, are not deductible. Amend tax return online This is true even if the education maintains or improves skills presently required in your business. Amend tax return online For more information on education expenses, see Publication 970. Amend tax return online Franchise, trademark, trade name. Amend tax return online   If you buy a franchise, trademark, or trade name, you can deduct the amount you pay or incur as a business expense only if your payments are part of a series of payments that are: Contingent on productivity, use, or disposition of the item, Payable at least annually for the entire term of the transfer agreement, and Substantially equal in amount (or payable under a fixed formula). Amend tax return online   When determining the term of the transfer agreement, include all renewal options and any other period for which you and the transferrer reasonably expect the agreement to be renewed. Amend tax return online   A franchise includes an agreement that gives one of the parties to the agreement the right to distribute, sell, or provide goods, services, or facilities within a specified area. Amend tax return online Impairment-related expenses. Amend tax return online   If you are disabled, you can deduct expenses necessary for you to be able to work (impairment-related expenses) as a business expense, rather than as a medical expense. Amend tax return online   You are disabled if you have either of the following. Amend tax return online A physical or mental disability (for example, blindness or deafness) that functionally limits your being employed. Amend tax return online A physical or mental impairment that substantially limits one or more of your major life activities. Amend tax return online   The expense qualifies as a business expense if all the following apply. Amend tax return online Your work clearly requires the expense for you to satisfactorily perform that work. Amend tax return online The goods or services purchased are clearly not needed or used, other than incidentally, in your personal activities. Amend tax return online Their treatment is not specifically provided for under other tax law provisions. Amend tax return online Example. Amend tax return online You are blind. Amend tax return online You must use a reader to do your work, both at and away from your place of work. Amend tax return online The reader's services are only for your work. Amend tax return online You can deduct your expenses for the reader as a business expense. Amend tax return online Internet-related expenses. Amend tax return online   Generally, you can deduct internet-related expenses including domain registrations fees and webmaster consulting costs. Amend tax return online If you are starting a business you may have to amortize these expenses as start-up costs. Amend tax return online For more information about amortizing start-up and organizational costs, see chapter 8. Amend tax return online Interview expense allowances. Amend tax return online   Reimbursements you make to job candidates for transportation or other expenses related to interviews for possible employment are not wages. Amend tax return online You can deduct the reimbursements as a business expense. Amend tax return online However, expenses for food, beverages, and entertainment are subject to the 50% limit discussed earlier under Meals and Entertainment. Amend tax return online Legal and professional fees. Amend tax return online   Fees charged by accountants and attorneys that are ordinary and necessary expenses directly related to operating your business are deductible as business expenses. Amend tax return online However, usually legal fees you pay to acquire business assets are not deductible. Amend tax return online These costs are added to the basis of the property. Amend tax return online   Fees that include payments for work of a personal nature (such as drafting a will, or damages arising from a personal injury) are not allowed as a business deduction on Schedule C or C-EZ. Amend tax return online If the invoice includes both business and personal charges, compute the business portion as follows: multiply the total amount of the bill by a fraction, the numerator of which is the amount attributable to business matters, the denominator of which is the total amount paid. Amend tax return online The result is the portion of the invoice attributable to business expenses. Amend tax return online The portion attributable to personal matters is the difference between the total amount and the business portion (computed above). Amend tax return online   Legal fees relating to personal tax advice may be deductible on Schedule A (Form 1040), if you itemize deductions. Amend tax return online However, the deduction is subject to the 2% limitation on miscellaneous itemized deductions. Amend tax return online See Publication 529, Miscellaneous Deductions. Amend tax return online Tax preparation fees. Amend tax return online   The cost of hiring a tax professional, such as a C. Amend tax return online P. Amend tax return online A. Amend tax return online , to prepare that part of your tax return relating to your business as a sole proprietor is deductible on Schedule C or Schedule C-EZ. Amend tax return online Any remaining cost may be deductible on Schedule A (Form 1040) if you itemize deductions. Amend tax return online   You can also claim a business deduction for amounts paid or incurred in resolving asserted tax deficiencies for your business operated as a sole proprietor. Amend tax return online Licenses and regulatory fees. Amend tax return online   Licenses and regulatory fees for your trade or business paid annually to state or local governments generally are deductible. Amend tax return online Some licenses and fees may have to be amortized. Amend tax return online See chapter 8 for more information. Amend tax return online Lobbying expenses. Amend tax return online   Generally, lobbying expenses are not deductible. Amend tax return online Lobbying expenses include amounts paid or incurred for any of the following activities. Amend tax return online Influencing legislation. Amend tax return online Participating in or intervening in any political campaign for, or against, any candidate for public office. Amend tax return online Attempting to influence the general public, or segments of the public, about elections, legislative matters, or referendums. Amend tax return online Communicating directly with covered executive branch officials (defined later) in any attempt to influence the official actions or positions of those officials. Amend tax return online Researching, preparing, planning, or coordinating any of the preceding activities. Amend tax return online   Your expenses for influencing legislation and communicating directly with a covered executive branch official include a portion of your labor costs and general and administrative costs of your business. Amend tax return online For information on making this allocation, see section 1. Amend tax return online 162-28 of the regulations. Amend tax return online   You cannot claim a charitable or business expense deduction for amounts paid to an organization if both of the following apply. Amend tax return online The organization conducts lobbying activities on matters of direct financial interest to your business. Amend tax return online A principal purpose of your contribution is to avoid the rules discussed earlier that prohibit a business deduction for lobbying expenses. Amend tax return online   If a tax-exempt organization, other than a section 501(c)(3) organization, provides you with a notice on the part of dues that is allocable to nondeductible lobbying and political expenses, you cannot deduct that part of the dues. Amend tax return online Covered executive branch official. Amend tax return online   For purposes of this discussion, a covered executive branch official is any of the following. Amend tax return online The President. Amend tax return online The Vice President. Amend tax return online Any officer or employee of the White House Office of the Executive Office of the President and the two most senior level officers of each of the other agencies in the Executive Office. Amend tax return online Any individual who: Is serving in a position in Level I of the Executive Schedule under section 5312 of title 5, United States Code, Has been designated by the President as having Cabinet-level status, or Is an immediate deputy of an individual listed in item (a) or (b). Amend tax return online Exceptions to denial of deduction. Amend tax return online   The general denial of the deduction does not apply to the following. Amend tax return online Expenses of appearing before, or communicating with, any committee or member of any local council or similar governing body concerning its legislation (local legislation) if the legislation is of direct interest to you or to you and an organization of which you are a member. Amend tax return online An Indian tribal government is treated as a local council or similar governing body. Amend tax return online Any in-house expenses for influencing legislation and communicating directly with a covered executive branch official if those expenses for the tax year do not exceed $2,000 (excluding overhead expenses). Amend tax return online Expenses incurred by taxpayers engaged in the trade or business of lobbying (professional lobbyists) on behalf of another person (but does apply to payments by the other person to the lobbyist for lobbying activities). Amend tax return online Moving machinery. Amend tax return online   Generally, the cost of moving machinery from one city to another is a deductible expense. Amend tax return online So is the cost of moving machinery from one plant to another, or from one part of your plant to another. Amend tax return online You can deduct the cost of installing the machinery in the new location. Amend tax return online However, you must capitalize the costs of installing or moving newly purchased machinery. Amend tax return online Outplacement services. Amend tax return online   The costs of outplacement services you provide to your employees to help them find new employment, such as career counseling, résumé assistance, skills assessment, etc. Amend tax return online are deductible. Amend tax return online   The costs of outplacement services may cover more than one deduction category. Amend tax return online For example, deduct as a utilities expense the cost of telephone calls made under this service and deduct as rental expense the cost of renting machinery and equipment for this service. Amend tax return online   For information on whether the value of outplacement services is includable in your employees' income, see Publication 15-B. Amend tax return online Penalties and fines. Amend tax return online   Penalties paid for late performance or nonperformance of a contract are generally deductible. Amend tax return online For instance, you own and operate a construction company. Amend tax return online Under a contract, you are to finish construction of a building by a certain date. Amend tax return online Due to construction delays, the building is not completed and ready for occupancy on the date stipulated in the contract. Amend tax return online You are now required to pay an additional amount for each day that completion is delayed beyond the completion date stipulated in the contract. Amend tax return online These additional costs are deductible business expenses. Amend tax return online   On the other hand, penalties or fines paid to any government agency or instrumentality because of a violation of any law are not deductible. Amend tax return online These fines or penalties include the following amounts. Amend tax return online Paid because of a conviction for a crime or after a plea of guilty or no contest in a criminal proceeding. Amend tax return online Paid as a penalty imposed by federal, state, or local law in a civil action, including certain additions to tax and additional amounts and assessable penalties imposed by the Internal Revenue Code. Amend tax return online Paid in settlement of actual or possible liability for a fine or penalty, whether civil or criminal. Amend tax return online Forfeited as collateral posted for a proceeding that could result in a fine or penalty. Amend tax return online   Examples of nondeductible penalties and fines include the following. Amend tax return online Fines for violating city housing codes. Amend tax return online Fines paid by truckers for violating state maximum highway weight laws. Amend tax return online Fines for violating air quality laws. Amend tax return online Civil penalties for violating federal laws regarding mining safety standards and discharges into navigable waters. Amend tax return online   A fine or penalty does not include any of the following. Amend tax return online Legal fees and related expenses to defend yourself in a prosecution or civil action for a violation of the law imposing the fine or civil penalty. Amend tax return online Court costs or stenographic and printing charges. Amend tax return online Compensatory damages paid to a government. Amend tax return online Political contributions. Amend tax return online   Contributions or gifts paid to political parties or candidates are not deductible. Amend tax return online In addition, expenses paid or incurred to take part in any political campaign of a candidate for public office are not deductible. Amend tax return online Indirect political contributions. Amend tax return online   You cannot deduct indirect political contributions and costs of taking part in political activities as business expenses. Amend tax return online Examples of nondeductible expenses include the following. Amend tax return online Advertising in a convention program of a political party, or in any other publication if any of the proceeds from the publication are for, or intended for, the use of a political party or candidate. Amend tax return online Admission to a dinner or program (including, but not limited to, galas, dances, film presentations, parties, and sporting events) if any of the proceeds from the function are for, or intended for, the use of a political party or candidate. Amend tax return online Admission to an inaugural ball, gala, parade, concert, or similar event if identified with a political party or candidate. Amend tax return online Repairs. Amend tax return online   The cost of repairing or improving property used in your trade or business is either a deductible or capital expense. Amend tax return online Routine maintenance that keeps your property in a normal efficient operating condition, but that does not materially increase the value or substantially prolong the useful life of the property, is deductible in the year that it is incurred. Amend tax return online Otherwise, the cost must be capitalized and depreciated. Amend tax return online See Form 4562 and its instructions for how to compute and claim the depreciation deduction. Amend tax return online   The cost of repairs includes the costs of labor, supplies, and certain other items. Amend tax return online The value of your own labor is not deductible. Amend tax return online Examples of repairs include: Reconditioning floors (but not replacement), Repainting the interior and exterior walls of a building, Cleaning and repairing roofs and gutters, and Fixing plumbing leaks (but not replacement of fixtures). Amend tax return online Repayments. Amend tax return online   If you had to repay an amount you included in your income in an earlier year, you may be able to deduct the amount repaid for the year in which you repaid it. Amend tax return online Or, if the amount you repaid is more than $3,000, you may be able to take a credit against your tax for the year in which you repaid it. Amend tax return online Type of deduction. Amend tax return online   The type of deduction you are allowed in the year of repayment depends on the type of income you included in the earlier year. Amend tax return online For instance, if you repay an amount you previously reported as a capital gain, deduct the repayment as a capital loss on Form 8949. Amend tax return online If you reported it as self-employment income, deduct it as a business deduction on Schedule C or Schedule C-EZ (Form 1040) or Schedule F (Form 1040). Amend tax return online   If you reported the amount as wages, unemployment compensation, or other nonbusiness ordinary income, enter it on Schedule A (Form 1040) as a miscellaneous itemized deduction that is subject to the 2% limitation. Amend tax return online However, if the repayment is over $3,000 and Method 1 (discussed later) applies, deduct it on Schedule A (Form 1040) as a miscellaneous itemized deduction that is not subject to the 2% limitation. Amend tax return online Repayment—$3,000 or less. Amend tax return online   If the amount you repaid was $3,000 or less, deduct it from your income in the year you repaid it. Amend tax return online Repayment—over $3,000. Amend tax return online   If the amount you repaid was more than $3,000, you can deduct the repayment, as described earlier. Amend tax return online However, you can instead choose to take a tax credit for the year of repayment if you included the income under a “claim of right. Amend tax return online ” This means that at the time you included the income, it appeared that you had an unrestricted right to it. Amend tax return online If you qualify for this choice, figure your tax under both methods and use the method that results in less tax. Amend tax return online Method 1. Amend tax return online   Figure your tax for 2013 claiming a deduction for the repaid amount. Amend tax return online Method 2. Amend tax return online   Figure your tax for 2013 claiming a credit for the repaid amount. Amend tax return online Follow these steps. Amend tax return online Figure your tax for 2013 without deducting the repaid amount. Amend tax return online Refigure your tax from the earlier year without including in income the amount you repaid in 2013. Amend tax return online Subtract the tax in (2) from the tax shown on your return for the earlier year. Amend tax return online This is the amount of your credit. Amend tax return online Subtract the answer in (3) from the tax for 2013 figured without the deduction (step 1). Amend tax return online   If Method 1 results in less tax, deduct the amount repaid as discussed earlier under Type of deduction. Amend tax return online   If Method 2 results in less tax, claim the credit on line 71 of Form 1040, and write “I. Amend tax return online R. Amend tax return online C. Amend tax return online 1341” next to line 71. Amend tax return online Example. Amend tax return online For 2012, you filed a return and reported your income on the cash method. Amend tax return online In 2013, you repaid $5,000 included in your 2012 gross income under a claim of right. Amend tax return online Your filing status in 2013 and 2012 is single. Amend tax return online Your income and tax for both years are as follows:   2012  With Income 2012  Without Income Taxable Income $15,000 $10,000 Tax $ 1,819 $ 1,069   2013  Without Deduction 2013  With Deduction Taxable Income $49,950 $44,950 Tax $8,423 $7,173 Your tax under Method 1 is $7,173. Amend tax return online Your tax under Method 2 is $7,673, figured as follows: Tax previously determined for 2012 $ 1,819 Less: Tax as refigured − 1,069 Decrease in 2012 tax $ 750 Regular tax liability for 2013 $8,423 Less: Decrease in 2012 tax − 750 Refigured tax for 2013 $ 7,673 Because you pay less tax under Method 1, you should take a deduction for the repayment in 2013. Amend tax return online Repayment does not apply. Amend tax return online   This discussion does not apply to the following. Amend tax return online Deductions for bad debts. Amend tax return online Deductions from sales to customers, such as returns and allowances, and similar items. Amend tax return online Deductions for legal and other expenses of contesting the repayment. Amend tax return online Year of deduction (or credit). Amend tax return online   If you use the cash method of accounting, you can take the deduction (or credit, if applicable) for the tax year in which you actually make the repayment. Amend tax return online If you use any other accounting method, you can deduct the repayment or claim a credit for it only for the tax year in which it is a proper deduction under your accounting method. Amend tax return online For example, if you use the accrual method, you are entitled to the deduction or credit in the tax year in which the obligation for the repayment accrues. Amend tax return online Subscriptions. Amend tax return online   Subscriptions to professional, technical, and trade journals that deal with your business field are deductible. Amend tax return online Supplies and materials. Amend tax return online   Unless you have deducted the cost in any earlier year, you generally can deduct the cost of materials and supplies actually consumed and used during the tax year. Amend tax return online   If you keep incidental materials and supplies on hand, you can deduct the cost of the incidental materials and supplies you bought during the tax year if all the following requirements are met. Amend tax return online You do not keep a record of when they are used. Amend tax return online You do not take an inventory of the amount on hand at the beginning and end of the tax year. Amend tax return online This method does not distort your income. Amend tax return online   You can also deduct the cost of books, professional instruments, equipment, etc. Amend tax return online , if you normally use them within a year. Amend tax return online However, if the usefulness of these items extends substantially beyond the year they are placed in service, you generally must recover their costs through depreciation. Amend tax return online For more information regarding depreciation see Publication 946, How To Depreciate Property. Amend tax return online Utilities. Amend tax return online   Business expenses for heat, lights, power, telephone service, and water and sewerage are deductible. Amend tax return online However, any part due to personal use is not deductible. Amend tax return online Telephone. Amend tax return online   You cannot deduct the cost of basic local telephone service (including any taxes) for the first telephone line you have in your home, even if you have an office in your home. Amend tax return online However, charges for business long-distance phone calls on that line, as well as the cost of a second line into your home used exclusively for business, are deductible business expenses. 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The Amend Tax Return Online

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