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E File 2011E file 2011 Index A Acknowledgment, Acknowledgment. E file 2011 Adoption expenses, Personal Expenses Airplanes, donations of, Cars, Boats, and Airplanes Appraisal fees, Appraisal Fees Assistance (see Tax help) Athletic events, Athletic events. E file 2011 B Bargain sales, Bargain Sales Blood donated, Value of Time or Services Boats, donations of, Cars, Boats, and Airplanes Boats, fair market value, Cars, boats, and airplanes. E file 2011 C Canadian charity, Canadian charities. E file 2011 Capital gain property, Capital Gain Property Car expenses, Car expenses. E file 2011 , Car expenses. E file 2011 Carryovers, Carryovers Cars, donations of, Cars, Boats, and Airplanes Cash contributions, records to keep, Cash Contributions Charity benefit events, Charity benefit events. E file 2011 Church deacon, Church deacon. E file 2011 Clothing Fair market value of, Used clothing. E file 2011 Conservation contribution, Special 50% Limit for Qualified Conservation Contributions Contributions from which you benefit, Contributions From Which You Benefit, Contributions From Which You Benefit Contributions of property, Contributions of Property Contributions subject to special rules Car, boat, or airplane, 1098–C, Contributions Subject to Special Rules Clothing, Contributions Subject to Special Rules Fractional interest in tangible personal property, Contributions Subject to Special Rules Future interest in tangible personal property, Contributions Subject to Special Rules Household items, Contributions Subject to Special Rules Inventory from your business, Contributions Subject to Special Rules Partial interest in property, Contributions Subject to Special Rules Patent or other intellectual property, Contributions Subject to Special Rules Property subject to a debt, Contributions Subject to Special Rules Qualified conservation contribution, Contributions Subject to Special Rules Taxidermy property, Contributions Subject to Special Rules Contributions to nonqualified organizations Foreign organizations, Contributions to Nonqualified Organizations Contributions you can deduct, Contributions You Can Deduct Conventions of a qualified organization, Conventions. E file 2011 D Daily allowance (per diem) from a charitable organization, Daily allowance (per diem). E file 2011 Deduction limits, Limits on Deductions Determining fair market value, Determining Fair Market Value Disaster relief, Reminders Donor-advised funds, Contributions to Donor-Advised Funds E Easement, Building in registered historic district. E file 2011 F Farmer, Qualified farmer or rancher. E file 2011 Food inventory, Food Inventory Foreign organizations Canadian, Canadian charities. E file 2011 Israeli, Israeli charities. E file 2011 Mexican, Mexican charities. E file 2011 Form 8282, Form 8282. E file 2011 8283, Total deduction over $500. E file 2011 Foster parents, Foster parents. E file 2011 Free tax services, Free help with your tax return. E file 2011 Future interests in property, Future Interest in Tangible Personal Property H Help (see Tax help) Historic building, Building in registered historic district. E file 2011 Household items Fair market value of, Household items. E file 2011 How to report, How To Report Noncash contributions, Reporting expenses for student living with you. E file 2011 I Introduction, Introduction Inventory, Food Inventory Israeli charity, Israeli charities. E file 2011 L Legislation, influencing, Contributions From Which You Benefit Limit on itemized deductions, What's New Limits on deductions, Limits on Deductions 20% limit, 20% Limit 30% limit, 30% Limit 50% limit, 50% Limit Calculation, How To Figure Your Deduction When Limits Apply Capital gain property, Special 30% Limit for Capital Gain Property Qualified conservation contributions, Special 50% Limit for Qualified Conservation Contributions M Meals, Personal Expenses Membership fees or dues, Membership fees or dues. E file 2011 Mexican charity, Mexican charities. E file 2011 Motor vehicles, donations of, Cars, Boats, and Airplanes Motor vehicles, fair market value, Cars, boats, and airplanes. E file 2011 N Noncash contributions, Noncash Contributions How to report, Reporting expenses for student living with you. E file 2011 Records to keep, Noncash Contributions Nondeductible contributions, Contributions You Cannot Deduct O Ordinary income property, Ordinary Income Property Out-of-pocket expenses, Out-of-pocket expenses. E file 2011 Out-of-pocket expenses in giving services, Out-of-Pocket Expenses in Giving Services P Payroll deductions, Payroll deductions. E file 2011 , Payroll deductions. E file 2011 Penalty, valuation overstatement, Penalty Personal expenses, Personal Expenses Private foundation, 50% Limit Organizations Private nonoperating foundation, Contributions to private nonoperating foundations. E file 2011 , 50% Limit Organizations Private operating foundation, 50% Limit Organizations Property Bargain sales, Bargain Sales Basis, Giving Property That Has Decreased in Value Capital gain, Capital Gain Property Capital gain election, Capital gain property election. 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E file 2011 Recapture of deduction of fractional interest in tangible personal property Additional tax, Recapture of deduction. E file 2011 Records to keep, Records To Keep Reminders Disaster relief, Reminders Reporting, How To Report Retirement home, Contributions From Which You Benefit S Services, value of, Value of Time or Services Split-dollar insurance arrangements, Contributions From Which You Benefit Student, Mutual exchange program. E file 2011 Exchange program, Mutual exchange program. E file 2011 Living with you, Student living with you. E file 2011 Student living with you, Expenses Paid for Student Living With You, Reporting expenses for student living with you. E file 2011 T Tangible personal property Future interest in, Future Interest in Tangible Personal Property Tax help, How To Get Tax Help Time, value of, Value of Time or Services Token items, Certain membership benefits can be disregarded. E file 2011 Travel expenses, Travel. E file 2011 Travel expenses for charitable services, Deductible travel expenses. E file 2011 Tuition, Contributions From Which You Benefit U Underprivileged youths, Underprivileged youths selected by charity. E file 2011 Uniforms, Uniforms. E file 2011 Unrelated use, Unrelated use. E file 2011 V Volunteers, Out-of-Pocket Expenses in Giving Services W Whaling captain, Expenses of Whaling Captains When to deduct, When To Deduct Prev Up Home More Online Publications
Americans celebrate a variety of federal holidays and other national observances.
On This Page
Federal law establishes the following public holidays for federal employees. If the holiday falls during the weekend, it may be observed on a different day.
Many government offices are closed on federal holidays and some private businesses may close as well. If you plan to visit a government office on or around a federal holiday, you should contact them to determine when they will be open. Find contact information for government departments and agencies.
New Year's Day
New Year's Day is January 1. The celebration of this holiday begins the night before, when Americans gather to wish each other a happy and prosperous coming year. Many Americans make New Year's resolutions. See the New Year's resolutions that are popular every year.
Birthday of Martin Luther King, Jr.
Martin Luther King, Jr. Day is celebrated on the third Monday in January. The Reverend Martin Luther King, Jr. was an African-American clergyman who is recognized for his tireless efforts to win civil rights for all people through nonviolent means.
Washington's Birthday is observed the third Monday of February in honor George Washington, the first President of the United States. This date is commonly called Presidents' Day and many groups honor the legacy of past presidents on this date.
Memorial Day is a observed the last Monday of May. It originally honored the people killed in the American Civil War, but has become a day on which the American dead of all wars are remembered.
Independence Day is July 4. This holiday honors the nation's birthday - the adoption of the Declaration of Independence on July 4, 1776. It is a day of picnics and patriotic parades, a night of concerts, and fireworks.
Labor Day is the first Monday of September. This holiday honors the nation's working people, typically with parades. For most Americans it marks the end of the summer vacation season and the start of the school year.
Columbus Day is a celebrated on the second Monday in October. The day commemorates October 12, 1492, when Italian navigator Christopher Columbus landed in the New World. The holiday was first proclaimed in 1937 by President Franklin D. Roosevelt.
Veterans Day is celebrated on November 11. This holiday was originally called Armistice Day and established to honor Americans who had served in World War I. It now honors veterans of all wars in which the U.S. has fought. Veterans' organizations hold parades, and the president places a wreath on the Tomb of the Unknowns at Arlington National Cemetery in Virginia.
Thanksgiving Day is celebrated on the fourth Thursday in November. In the fall of 1621, the Pilgrims held a three-day feast to celebrate a bountiful harvest. Many regard this event as the nation's first Thanksgiving. The Thanksgiving feast became a national tradition and almost always includes some of the foods served at the first feast: roast turkey, cranberry sauce, potatoes, and pumpkin pie.
Christmas Day is a celebrated on December 25. Christmas is a Christian holiday marking the birth of the Christ Child. Decorating houses and yards with lights, putting up Christmas trees, giving gifts, and sending greeting cards have become holiday traditions even for many non-Christian Americans. Find tips to help celebrate.
Other Celebrations and Observances
There are many commonly observed celebrations in the United States that are not federal holidays. Some of these observances honor groups of people, such as National African American History Month and Women's History Month, or causes, such as National Oceans Month and National Substance Abuse Prevention Month. Many of these holidays and observances are proclaimed by the President ever year. View recent Presidential proclamations.
These are some of the most popular American celebrations and observances that occur every year.
Groundhog Day is February 2 and has been celebrated since 1887. On Groundhog Day, crowds gather in Punxsutawney, Pennsylvania, to see if groundhog Punxsutawney Phil sees his shadow after emerging from his burrow, thus predicting six more weeks of winter weather.
Valentine's Day is celebrated on February 14. The day was named after an early Christian martyr, and on Valentine's Day, Americans give presents like candy or flowers to the ones they love. The first mass-produced valentine cards were sold in the 1840s.
Earth Day is observed on April 22. First celebrated in 1970 in the United States, it inspired national legislation such as the Clean Air and Clean Water Acts. Earth Day is designed to promote ecology, encourage respect for life on earth, and highlight concern over pollution of the soil, air, and water.
National Arbor Day was proclaimed as the last Friday in April by President Richard Nixon in 1970. A number of state Arbor Days are observed at other times of the year to coincide with the best tree planting weather. The observance began in 1872, when Nebraska settlers and homesteaders were urged to plant trees on the largely treeless plains.
Mother's Day is the second Sunday of May. President Woodrow Wilson issued a proclamation in 1914 that started the holiday. He asked Americans to give a public expression of reverence to mothers on this day. Carnations have come to represent Mother's Day, following President William McKinley's habit of always wearing a white carnation, his mother's favorite flower.
Flag Day, celebrated June 14, has been a presidentially proclaimed observance since 1916. Although Flag Day is not a federal holiday, Americans are encouraged to display the flag outside their homes and businesses on this day to honor the history and heritage the American flag represents.
Father's Day celebrates fathers every third Sunday of June. Father's Day began in 1909 in Spokane, Washington, when a daughter requested a special day to honor her father, a Civil War veteran who raised his children after his wife died. The first presidential proclamation honoring fathers was issued in 1966 by President Lyndon Johnson.
September 11, 2001, was a defining moment in American history. On that day, terrorists hijacked four commercial airliners to strike targets in the United States. Nearly 3,000 people died as a consequence of the attacks. Patriot Day and National Day of Service and Remembrance is observed on September 11 in honor of the victims of these attacks.
Halloween is celebrated on October 31. On Halloween, American children dress up in funny or scary costumes and go "trick or treating" by knocking on doors in their neighborhood. The neighbors are expected to respond by giving them small gifts of candy or money.
Pearl Harbor Day
Pearl Harbor Remembrance Day is December 7. In 1994, Congress designated this national observance to honor the more than 2,400 military service personnel who died on this date in 1941, during the surprise attack on Pearl Harbor, Hawaii, by Japanese forces. The attack on Pearl Harbor caused the United States to enter World War II.
Ethnic and Religious Holidays
Various ethnic and religious groups in America celebrate days with special meaning to them even though these are not national holidays. For example, Christians celebrate the resurrection of Jesus Christ on Easter, Jews observe their high holy days in September, Muslims celebrate Ramadan, and African Americans celebrate Kwanzaa. There are many other religious and ethnic celebrations in the United States.