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Filing An Amendment To Taxes

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Filing An Amendment To Taxes

Filing an amendment to taxes Publication 15-A - Main Content Table of Contents 1. Filing an amendment to taxes Who Are Employees?Independent Contractors Common-Law Employees Statutory Employees Statutory Nonemployees Misclassification of Employees 2. Filing an amendment to taxes Employee or Independent Contractor?Common-Law Rules Industry Examples 3. Filing an amendment to taxes Employees of Exempt OrganizationsSocial security and Medicare taxes. Filing an amendment to taxes FUTA tax. Filing an amendment to taxes 4. Filing an amendment to taxes Religious Exemptions and Special Rules for MinistersForm W-2. Filing an amendment to taxes Self-employed. Filing an amendment to taxes Employees. Filing an amendment to taxes 5. Filing an amendment to taxes Wages and Other CompensationRelocating for Temporary Work Assignments Employee Achievement Awards Scholarship and Fellowship Payments Outplacement Services Withholding for Idle Time Back Pay Supplemental Unemployment Benefits Golden Parachute Payments Interest-Free and Below-Market-Interest-Rate Loans Leave Sharing Plans Nonqualified Deferred Compensation Plans Tax-Sheltered Annuities Contributions to a Simplified Employee Pension (SEP) SIMPLE Retirement Plans 6. Filing an amendment to taxes Sick Pay ReportingSick Pay Payments That Are Not Sick Pay Sick Pay Plan Third-Party Payers of Sick Pay Social Security, Medicare, and FUTA Taxes on Sick Pay Income Tax Withholding on Sick Pay Depositing and Reporting Example of Figuring and Reporting Sick Pay 7. Filing an amendment to taxes Special Rules for Paying TaxesCommon Paymaster Agents Reporting Agents Employee's Portion of Taxes Paid by Employer International Social Security Agreements 8. Filing an amendment to taxes Pensions and AnnuitiesFederal Income Tax Withholding 9. Filing an amendment to taxes Alternative Methods for Figuring WithholdingTerm of continuous employment. Filing an amendment to taxes Formula Tables for Percentage Method Withholding (for Automated Payroll Systems) Wage Bracket Percentage Method Tables (for Automated Payroll Systems) Combined Federal Income Tax, Employee Social Security Tax, and Employee Medicare Tax Withholding Tables 10. Filing an amendment to taxes Tables for Withholding on Distributions of Indian Gaming Profits to Tribal MembersWithholding Tables How To Get Tax Help 1. Filing an amendment to taxes Who Are Employees? Before you can know how to treat payments that you make to workers for services, you must first know the business relationship that exists between you and the person performing the services. Filing an amendment to taxes The person performing the services may be: An independent contractor, A common-law employee, A statutory employee, or A statutory nonemployee. Filing an amendment to taxes This discussion explains these four categories. Filing an amendment to taxes A later discussion, Employee or Independent Contractor in section 2, points out the differences between an independent contractor and an employee and gives examples from various types of occupations. Filing an amendment to taxes If an individual who works for you is not an employee under the common-law rules (see section 2), you generally do not have to withhold federal income tax from that individual's pay. Filing an amendment to taxes However, in some cases you may be required to withhold under the backup withholding requirements on these payments. Filing an amendment to taxes See Publication 15 (Circular E) for information on backup withholding. Filing an amendment to taxes Independent Contractors People such as doctors, veterinarians, and auctioneers who follow an independent trade, business, or profession in which they offer their services to the public, are generally not employees. Filing an amendment to taxes However, whether such people are employees or independent contractors depends on the facts in each case. Filing an amendment to taxes The general rule is that an individual is an independent contractor if you, the person for whom the services are performed, have the right to control or direct only the result of the work and not the means and methods of accomplishing the result. Filing an amendment to taxes Common-Law Employees Under common-law rules, anyone who performs services for you is generally your employee if you have the right to control what will be done and how it will be done. Filing an amendment to taxes This is so even when you give the employee freedom of action. Filing an amendment to taxes What matters is that you have the right to control the details of how the services are performed. Filing an amendment to taxes For a discussion of facts that indicate whether an individual providing services is an independent contractor or employee, see section 2. Filing an amendment to taxes If you have an employer-employee relationship, it makes no difference how it is labeled. Filing an amendment to taxes The substance of the relationship, not the label, governs the worker's status. Filing an amendment to taxes It does not matter whether the individual is employed full time or part time. Filing an amendment to taxes For employment tax purposes, no distinction is made between classes of employees. Filing an amendment to taxes Superintendents, managers, and other supervisory personnel are all employees. Filing an amendment to taxes An officer of a corporation is generally an employee; however, an officer who performs no services or only minor services, and neither receives nor is entitled to receive any pay, is not considered an employee. Filing an amendment to taxes A director of a corporation is not an employee with respect to services performed as a director. Filing an amendment to taxes You generally have to withhold and pay income, social security, and Medicare taxes on wages that you pay to common-law employees. Filing an amendment to taxes However, the wages of certain employees may be exempt from one or more of these taxes. Filing an amendment to taxes See Employees of Exempt Organizations (section 3) and Religious Exemptions and Special Rules for Ministers (section 4). Filing an amendment to taxes Leased employees. Filing an amendment to taxes   Under certain circumstances, a firm that furnishes workers to other firms is the employer of those workers for employment tax purposes. Filing an amendment to taxes For example, a temporary staffing service may provide the services of secretaries, nurses, and other similarly trained workers to its clients on a temporary basis. Filing an amendment to taxes   The staffing service enters into contracts with the clients under which the clients specify the services to be provided and a fee is paid to the staffing service for each individual furnished. Filing an amendment to taxes The staffing service has the right to control and direct the worker's services for the client, including the right to discharge or reassign the worker. Filing an amendment to taxes The staffing service hires the workers, controls the payment of their wages, provides them with unemployment insurance and other benefits, and is the employer for employment tax purposes. Filing an amendment to taxes For information on employee leasing as it relates to pension plan qualification requirements, see Leased employee in Publication 560, Retirement Plans for Small Business. Filing an amendment to taxes Additional information. Filing an amendment to taxes   For more information about the treatment of special types of employment, the treatment of special types of payments, and similar subjects, see Publication 15 (Circular E) or Publication 51 (Circular A), Agricultural Employer's Tax Guide. Filing an amendment to taxes Statutory Employees If workers are independent contractors under the common law rules, such workers may nevertheless be treated as employees by statute, (also known as “statutory employees”) for certain employment tax purposes. Filing an amendment to taxes This would happen if they fall within any one of the following four categories and meet the three conditions described next under Social security and Medicare taxes . Filing an amendment to taxes A driver who distributes beverages (other than milk) or meat, vegetable, fruit, or bakery products; or who picks up and delivers laundry or dry cleaning, if the driver is your agent or is paid on commission. Filing an amendment to taxes A full-time life insurance sales agent whose principal business activity is selling life insurance or annuity contracts, or both, primarily for one life insurance company. Filing an amendment to taxes An individual who works at home on materials or goods that you supply and that must be returned to you or to a person you name, if you also furnish specifications for the work to be done. Filing an amendment to taxes A full-time traveling or city salesperson who works on your behalf and turns in orders to you from wholesalers, retailers, contractors, or operators of hotels, restaurants, or other similar establishments. Filing an amendment to taxes The goods sold must be merchandise for resale or supplies for use in the buyer's business operation. Filing an amendment to taxes The work performed for you must be the salesperson's principal business activity. Filing an amendment to taxes See Salesperson in section 2. Filing an amendment to taxes Social security and Medicare taxes. Filing an amendment to taxes   You must withhold social security and Medicare taxes from the wages of statutory employees if all three of the following conditions apply. Filing an amendment to taxes The service contract states or implies that substantially all the services are to be performed personally by them. Filing an amendment to taxes They do not have a substantial investment in the equipment and property used to perform the services (other than an investment in facilities for transportation, such as a car or truck). Filing an amendment to taxes The services are performed on a continuing basis for the same payer. Filing an amendment to taxes Federal unemployment (FUTA) tax. Filing an amendment to taxes   For FUTA tax (the unemployment tax paid under the Federal Unemployment Tax Act), the term “employee” means the same as it does for social security and Medicare taxes, except that it does not include statutory employees defined above in categories 2 and 3. Filing an amendment to taxes Any individual who is a statutory employee described above under category 1 or 4 is also an employee for FUTA tax purposes and subject to FUTA tax. Filing an amendment to taxes Income tax. Filing an amendment to taxes   Do not withhold federal income tax from the wages of statutory employees. Filing an amendment to taxes Reporting payments to statutory employees. Filing an amendment to taxes   Furnish Form W-2 to a statutory employee, and check “Statutory employee” in box 13. Filing an amendment to taxes Show your payments to the employee as “other compensation” in box 1. Filing an amendment to taxes Also, show social security wages in box 3, social security tax withheld in box 4, Medicare wages in box 5, and Medicare tax withheld in box 6. Filing an amendment to taxes The statutory employee can deduct his or her trade or business expenses from the payments shown on Form W-2. Filing an amendment to taxes He or she reports earnings as a statutory employee on line 1 of Schedule C (Form 1040), Profit or Loss From Business, or Schedule C-EZ (Form 1040), Net Profit From Business. Filing an amendment to taxes A statutory employee's business expenses are deductible on Schedule C (Form 1040) or C-EZ (Form 1040) and are not subject to the reduction by 2% of his or her adjusted gross income that applies to common-law employees. Filing an amendment to taxes H-2A agricultural workers. Filing an amendment to taxes   On Form W-2, do not check box 13 (Statutory employee), as H-2A workers are not statutory employees. Filing an amendment to taxes Statutory Nonemployees There are three categories of statutory nonemployees: direct sellers, licensed real estate agents, and certain companion sitters. Filing an amendment to taxes Direct sellers and licensed real estate agents are treated as self-employed for all federal tax purposes, including income and employment taxes, if: Substantially all payments for their services as direct sellers or real estate agents are directly related to sales or other output, rather than to the number of hours worked, and Their services are performed under a written contract providing that they will not be treated as employees for federal tax purposes. Filing an amendment to taxes Direct sellers. Filing an amendment to taxes   Direct sellers include persons falling within any of the following three groups. Filing an amendment to taxes Persons engaged in selling (or soliciting the sale of) consumer products in the home or place of business other than in a permanent retail establishment. Filing an amendment to taxes Persons engaged in selling (or soliciting the sale of) consumer products to any buyer on a buy-sell basis, a deposit-commission basis, or any similar basis prescribed by regulations, for resale in the home or at a place of business other than in a permanent retail establishment. Filing an amendment to taxes Persons engaged in the trade or business of delivering or distributing newspapers or shopping news (including any services directly related to such delivery or distribution). Filing an amendment to taxes   Direct selling includes activities of individuals who attempt to increase direct sales activities of their direct sellers and who earn income based on the productivity of their direct sellers. Filing an amendment to taxes Such activities include providing motivation and encouragement; imparting skills, knowledge, or experience; and recruiting. Filing an amendment to taxes Licensed real estate agents. Filing an amendment to taxes   This category includes individuals engaged in appraisal activities for real estate sales if they earn income based on sales or other output. Filing an amendment to taxes Companion sitters. Filing an amendment to taxes   Companion sitters are individuals who furnish personal attendance, companionship, or household care services to children or to individuals who are elderly or disabled. Filing an amendment to taxes A person engaged in the trade or business of putting the sitters in touch with individuals who wish to employ them (that is, a companion sitting placement service) will not be treated as the employer of the sitters if that person does not receive or pay the salary or wages of the sitters and is compensated by the sitters or the persons who employ them on a fee basis. Filing an amendment to taxes Companion sitters who are not employees of a companion sitting placement service are generally treated as self-employed for all federal tax purposes. Filing an amendment to taxes Misclassification of Employees Consequences of treating an employee as an independent contractor. Filing an amendment to taxes   If you classify an employee as an independent contractor and you have no reasonable basis for doing so, you are liable for employment taxes for that worker and the relief provision, discussed next, will not apply. Filing an amendment to taxes See section 2 in Publication 15 (Circular E) for more information. Filing an amendment to taxes Relief provision. Filing an amendment to taxes   If you have a reasonable basis for not treating a worker as an employee, you may be relieved from having to pay employment taxes for that worker. Filing an amendment to taxes To get this relief, you must file all required federal information returns on a basis consistent with your treatment of the worker. Filing an amendment to taxes You (or your predecessor) must not have treated any worker holding a substantially similar position as an employee for any periods beginning after 1977. Filing an amendment to taxes Technical service specialists. Filing an amendment to taxes   This relief provision does not apply for a technical services specialist you provide to another business under an arrangement between you and the other business. Filing an amendment to taxes A technical service specialist is an engineer, designer, drafter, computer programmer, systems analyst, or other similarly skilled worker engaged in a similar line of work. Filing an amendment to taxes   This limit on the application of the rule does not affect the determination of whether such workers are employees under the common-law rules. Filing an amendment to taxes The common-law rules control whether the specialist is treated as an employee or an independent contractor. Filing an amendment to taxes However, if you directly contract with a technical service specialist to provide services for your business and not for another business, you may still be entitled to the relief provision. Filing an amendment to taxes Test proctors and room supervisors. Filing an amendment to taxes   The consistent treatment requirement does not apply to services performed after December 31, 2006, by an individual as a test proctor or room supervisor assisting in the administration of college entrance or placement examinations if the individual: Is performing the services for a section 501(c) organization exempt from tax under section 501(a) of the code, and Is not otherwise treated as an employee of the organization for employment taxes. Filing an amendment to taxes Voluntary Classification Settlement Program (VCSP). Filing an amendment to taxes   Employers who are currently treating their workers (or a class or group of workers) as independent contractors or other nonemployees and want to voluntarily reclassify their workers as employees for future tax periods may be eligible to participate in the VCSP if certain requirements are met. Filing an amendment to taxes To apply, use Form 8952, Application for Voluntary Classification Settlement Program (VCSP). Filing an amendment to taxes For more information, visit IRS. Filing an amendment to taxes gov and enter “VCSP” in the search box. Filing an amendment to taxes 2. Filing an amendment to taxes Employee or Independent Contractor? An employer must generally withhold federal income taxes, withhold and pay over social security and Medicare taxes, and pay unemployment tax on wages paid to an employee. Filing an amendment to taxes An employer does not generally have to withhold or pay over any federal taxes on payments to independent contractors. Filing an amendment to taxes Common-Law Rules To determine whether an individual is an employee or an independent contractor under the common law, the relationship of the worker and the business must be examined. Filing an amendment to taxes In any employee-independent contractor determination, all information that provides evidence of the degree of control and the degree of independence must be considered. Filing an amendment to taxes Facts that provide evidence of the degree of control and independence fall into three categories: behavioral control, financial control, and the type of relationship of the parties. Filing an amendment to taxes These facts are discussed next. Filing an amendment to taxes Behavioral control. Filing an amendment to taxes   Facts that show whether the business has a right to direct and control how the worker does the task for which the worker is hired include the type and degree of: Instructions that the business gives to the worker. Filing an amendment to taxes   An employee is generally subject to the business' instructions about when, where, and how to work. Filing an amendment to taxes All of the following are examples of types of instructions about how to do work. Filing an amendment to taxes When and where to do the work. Filing an amendment to taxes What tools or equipment to use. Filing an amendment to taxes What workers to hire or to assist with the work. Filing an amendment to taxes Where to purchase supplies and services. Filing an amendment to taxes What work must be performed by a specified  individual. Filing an amendment to taxes What order or sequence to follow. Filing an amendment to taxes   The amount of instruction needed varies among different jobs. Filing an amendment to taxes Even if no instructions are given, sufficient behavioral control may exist if the employer has the right to control how the work results are achieved. Filing an amendment to taxes A business may lack the knowledge to instruct some highly specialized professionals; in other cases, the task may require little or no instruction. Filing an amendment to taxes The key consideration is whether the business has retained the right to control the details of a worker's performance or instead has given up that right. Filing an amendment to taxes Training that the business gives to the worker. Filing an amendment to taxes   An employee may be trained to perform services in a particular manner. Filing an amendment to taxes Independent contractors ordinarily use their own methods. Filing an amendment to taxes Financial control. Filing an amendment to taxes   Facts that show whether the business has a right to control the business aspects of the worker's job include: The extent to which the worker has unreimbursed business expenses. Filing an amendment to taxes   Independent contractors are more likely to have unreimbursed expenses than are employees. Filing an amendment to taxes Fixed ongoing costs that are incurred regardless of whether work is currently being performed are especially important. Filing an amendment to taxes However, employees may also incur unreimbursed expenses in connection with the services that they perform for their employer. Filing an amendment to taxes The extent of the worker's investment. Filing an amendment to taxes   An independent contractor often has a significant investment in the facilities or tools he or she uses in performing services for someone else. Filing an amendment to taxes However, a significant investment is not necessary for independent contractor status. Filing an amendment to taxes The extent to which the worker makes his or her services available to the relevant market. Filing an amendment to taxes   An independent contractor is generally free to seek out business opportunities. Filing an amendment to taxes Independent contractors often advertise, maintain a visible business location, and are available to work in the relevant market. Filing an amendment to taxes How the business pays the worker. Filing an amendment to taxes   An employee is generally guaranteed a regular wage amount for an hourly, weekly, or other period of time. Filing an amendment to taxes This usually indicates that a worker is an employee, even when the wage or salary is supplemented by a commission. Filing an amendment to taxes An independent contractor is often paid a flat fee or on a time and materials basis for the job. Filing an amendment to taxes However, it is common in some professions, such as law, to pay independent contractors hourly. Filing an amendment to taxes The extent to which the worker can realize a profit or loss. Filing an amendment to taxes   An independent contractor can make a profit or loss. Filing an amendment to taxes Type of relationship. Filing an amendment to taxes   Facts that show the parties' type of relationship include: Written contracts describing the relationship the parties intended to create. Filing an amendment to taxes Whether or not the business provides the worker with employee-type benefits, such as insurance, a pension plan, vacation pay, or sick pay. Filing an amendment to taxes The permanency of the relationship. Filing an amendment to taxes If you engage a worker with the expectation that the relationship will continue indefinitely, rather than for a specific project or period, this is generally considered evidence that your intent was to create an employer-employee relationship. Filing an amendment to taxes The extent to which services performed by the worker are a key aspect of the regular business of the company. Filing an amendment to taxes If a worker provides services that are a key aspect of your regular business activity, it is more likely that you will have the right to direct and control his or her activities. Filing an amendment to taxes For example, if a law firm hires an attorney, it is likely that it will present the attorney's work as its own and would have the right to control or direct that work. Filing an amendment to taxes This would indicate an employer-employee relationship. Filing an amendment to taxes IRS help. Filing an amendment to taxes   If you want the IRS to determine whether or not a worker is an employee, file Form SS-8, Determination of Worker Status for Purposes of Federal Employment Taxes and Income Tax Withholding, with the IRS. Filing an amendment to taxes Industry Examples The following examples may help you properly classify your workers. Filing an amendment to taxes Building and Construction Industry Example 1. Filing an amendment to taxes Jerry Jones has an agreement with Wilma White to supervise the remodeling of her house. Filing an amendment to taxes She did not advance funds to help him carry on the work. Filing an amendment to taxes She makes direct payments to the suppliers for all necessary materials. Filing an amendment to taxes She carries liability and workers' compensation insurance covering Jerry and others that he engaged to assist him. Filing an amendment to taxes She pays them an hourly rate and exercises almost constant supervision over the work. Filing an amendment to taxes Jerry is not free to transfer his assistants to other jobs. Filing an amendment to taxes He may not work on other jobs while working for Wilma. Filing an amendment to taxes He assumes no responsibility to complete the work and will incur no contractual liability if he fails to do so. Filing an amendment to taxes He and his assistants perform personal services for hourly wages. Filing an amendment to taxes Jerry Jones and his assistants are employees of Wilma White. Filing an amendment to taxes Example 2. Filing an amendment to taxes Milton Manning, an experienced tile setter, orally agreed with a corporation to perform full-time services at construction sites. Filing an amendment to taxes He uses his own tools and performs services in the order designated by the corporation and according to its specifications. Filing an amendment to taxes The corporation supplies all materials, makes frequent inspections of his work, pays him on a piecework basis, and carries workers' compensation insurance on him. Filing an amendment to taxes He does not have a place of business or hold himself out to perform similar services for others. Filing an amendment to taxes Either party can end the services at any time. Filing an amendment to taxes Milton Manning is an employee of the corporation. Filing an amendment to taxes Example 3. Filing an amendment to taxes Wallace Black agreed with the Sawdust Co. Filing an amendment to taxes to supply the construction labor for a group of houses. Filing an amendment to taxes The company agreed to pay all construction costs. Filing an amendment to taxes However, he supplies all the tools and equipment. Filing an amendment to taxes He performs personal services as a carpenter and mechanic for an hourly wage. Filing an amendment to taxes He also acts as superintendent and foreman and engages other individuals to assist him. Filing an amendment to taxes The company has the right to select, approve, or discharge any helper. Filing an amendment to taxes A company representative makes frequent inspections of the construction site. Filing an amendment to taxes When a house is finished, Wallace is paid a certain percentage of its costs. Filing an amendment to taxes He is not responsible for faults, defects of construction, or wasteful operation. Filing an amendment to taxes At the end of each week, he presents the company with a statement of the amount that he has spent, including the payroll. Filing an amendment to taxes The company gives him a check for that amount from which he pays the assistants, although he is not personally liable for their wages. Filing an amendment to taxes Wallace Black and his assistants are employees of the Sawdust Co. Filing an amendment to taxes Example 4. Filing an amendment to taxes Bill Plum contracted with Elm Corporation to complete the roofing on a housing complex. Filing an amendment to taxes A signed contract established a flat amount for the services rendered by Bill Plum. Filing an amendment to taxes Bill is a licensed roofer and carries workers' compensation and liability insurance under the business name, Plum Roofing. Filing an amendment to taxes He hires his own roofers who are treated as employees for federal employment tax purposes. Filing an amendment to taxes If there is a problem with the roofing work, Plum Roofing is responsible for paying for any repairs. Filing an amendment to taxes Bill Plum, doing business as Plum Roofing, is an independent contractor. Filing an amendment to taxes Example 5. Filing an amendment to taxes Vera Elm, an electrician, submitted a job estimate to a housing complex for electrical work at $16 per hour for 400 hours. Filing an amendment to taxes She is to receive $1,280 every 2 weeks for the next 10 weeks. Filing an amendment to taxes This is not considered payment by the hour. Filing an amendment to taxes Even if she works more or less than 400 hours to complete the work, Vera Elm will receive $6,400. Filing an amendment to taxes She also performs additional electrical installations under contracts with other companies, that she obtained through advertisements. Filing an amendment to taxes Vera is an independent contractor. Filing an amendment to taxes Trucking Industry Example. Filing an amendment to taxes Rose Trucking contracts to deliver material for Forest, Inc. Filing an amendment to taxes , at $140 per ton. Filing an amendment to taxes Rose Trucking is not paid for any articles that are not delivered. Filing an amendment to taxes At times, Jan Rose, who operates as Rose Trucking, may also lease another truck and engage a driver to complete the contract. Filing an amendment to taxes All operating expenses, including insurance coverage, are paid by Jan Rose. Filing an amendment to taxes All equipment is owned or rented by Jan and she is responsible for all maintenance. Filing an amendment to taxes None of the drivers are provided by Forest, Inc. Filing an amendment to taxes Jan Rose, operating as Rose Trucking, is an independent contractor. Filing an amendment to taxes Computer Industry Example. Filing an amendment to taxes Steve Smith, a computer programmer, is laid off when Megabyte, Inc. Filing an amendment to taxes , downsizes. Filing an amendment to taxes Megabyte agrees to pay Steve a flat amount to complete a one-time project to create a certain product. Filing an amendment to taxes It is not clear how long that it will take to complete the project, and Steve is not guaranteed any minimum payment for the hours spent on the program. Filing an amendment to taxes Megabyte provides Steve with no instructions beyond the specifications for the product itself. Filing an amendment to taxes Steve and Megabyte have a written contract, which provides that Steve is considered to be an independent contractor, is required to pay federal and state taxes, and receives no benefits from Megabyte. Filing an amendment to taxes Megabyte will file Form 1099-MISC, Miscellaneous Income, to report the amount paid to Steve. Filing an amendment to taxes Steve works at home and is not expected or allowed to attend meetings of the software development group. Filing an amendment to taxes Steve is an independent contractor. Filing an amendment to taxes Automobile Industry Example 1. Filing an amendment to taxes Donna Lee is a salesperson employed on a full-time basis by Bob Blue, an auto dealer. Filing an amendment to taxes She works six days a week and is on duty in Bob's showroom on certain assigned days and times. Filing an amendment to taxes She appraises trade-ins, but her appraisals are subject to the sales manager's approval. Filing an amendment to taxes Lists of prospective customers belong to the dealer. Filing an amendment to taxes She is required to develop leads and report results to the sales manager. Filing an amendment to taxes Because of her experience, she requires only minimal assistance in closing and financing sales and in other phases of her work. Filing an amendment to taxes She is paid a commission and is eligible for prizes and bonuses offered by Bob. Filing an amendment to taxes Bob also pays the cost of health insurance and group-term life insurance for Donna. Filing an amendment to taxes Donna is an employee of Bob Blue. Filing an amendment to taxes Example 2. Filing an amendment to taxes Sam Sparks performs auto repair services in the repair department of an auto sales company. Filing an amendment to taxes He works regular hours and is paid on a percentage basis. Filing an amendment to taxes He has no investment in the repair department. Filing an amendment to taxes The sales company supplies all facilities, repair parts, and supplies; issues instructions on the amounts to be charged, parts to be used, and the time for completion of each job; and checks all estimates and repair orders. Filing an amendment to taxes Sam is an employee of the sales company. Filing an amendment to taxes Example 3. Filing an amendment to taxes An auto sales agency furnishes space for Helen Bach to perform auto repair services. Filing an amendment to taxes She provides her own tools, equipment, and supplies. Filing an amendment to taxes She seeks out business from insurance adjusters and other individuals and does all of the body and paint work that comes to the agency. Filing an amendment to taxes She hires and discharges her own helpers, determines her own and her helpers' working hours, quotes prices for repair work, makes all necessary adjustments, assumes all losses from uncollectible accounts, and receives, as compensation for her services, a large percentage of the gross collections from the auto repair shop. Filing an amendment to taxes Helen is an independent contractor and the helpers are her employees. Filing an amendment to taxes Attorney Example. Filing an amendment to taxes Donna Yuma is a sole practitioner who rents office space and pays for the following items: telephone, computer, on-line legal research linkup, fax machine, and photocopier. Filing an amendment to taxes Donna buys office supplies and pays bar dues and membership dues for three other professional organizations. Filing an amendment to taxes Donna has a part-time receptionist who also does the bookkeeping. Filing an amendment to taxes She pays the receptionist, withholds and pays federal and state employment taxes, and files a Form W-2 each year. Filing an amendment to taxes For the past 2 years, Donna has had only three clients, corporations with which there have been long-standing relationships. Filing an amendment to taxes Donna charges the corporations an hourly rate for her services, sending monthly bills detailing the work performed for the prior month. Filing an amendment to taxes The bills include charges for long distance calls, on-line research time, fax charges, photocopies, postage, and travel, costs for which the corporations have agreed to reimburse her. Filing an amendment to taxes Donna is an independent contractor. Filing an amendment to taxes Taxicab Driver Example. Filing an amendment to taxes Tom Spruce rents a cab from Taft Cab Co. Filing an amendment to taxes for $150 per day. Filing an amendment to taxes He pays the costs of maintaining and operating the cab. Filing an amendment to taxes Tom Spruce keeps all fares that he receives from customers. Filing an amendment to taxes Although he receives the benefit of Taft's two-way radio communication equipment, dispatcher, and advertising, these items benefit both Taft and Tom Spruce. Filing an amendment to taxes Tom Spruce is an independent contractor. Filing an amendment to taxes Salesperson To determine whether salespersons are employees under the usual common-law rules, you must evaluate each individual case. Filing an amendment to taxes If a salesperson who works for you does not meet the tests for a common-law employee, discussed earlier in this section, you do not have to withhold federal income tax from his or her pay (see Statutory Employees in section 1). Filing an amendment to taxes However, even if a salesperson is not an employee under the usual common-law rules for income tax withholding, his or her pay may still be subject to social security, Medicare, and FUTA taxes as a statutory employee. Filing an amendment to taxes To determine whether a salesperson is an employee for social security, Medicare, and FUTA tax purposes, the salesperson must meet all eight elements of the statutory employee test. Filing an amendment to taxes A salesperson is a statutory employee for social security, Medicare, and FUTA tax purposes if he or she: Works full time for one person or company except, possibly, for sideline sales activities on behalf of some other person, Sells on behalf of, and turns his or her orders over to, the person or company for which he or she works, Sells to wholesalers, retailers, contractors, or operators of hotels, restaurants, or similar establishments, Sells merchandise for resale, or supplies for use in the customer's business, Agrees to do substantially all of this work personally, Has no substantial investment in the facilities used to do the work, other than in facilities for transportation, Maintains a continuing relationship with the person or company for which he or she works, and Is not an employee under common-law rules. Filing an amendment to taxes 3. Filing an amendment to taxes Employees of Exempt Organizations Many nonprofit organizations are exempt from federal income tax. Filing an amendment to taxes Although they do not have to pay federal income tax themselves, they must still withhold federal income tax from the pay of their employees. Filing an amendment to taxes However, there are special social security, Medicare, and FUTA tax rules that apply to the wages that they pay their employees. Filing an amendment to taxes Section 501(c)(3) organizations. Filing an amendment to taxes   Nonprofit organizations that are exempt from federal income tax under section 501(c)(3) of the Internal Revenue Code include any community chest, fund, or foundation organized and operated exclusively for religious, charitable, scientific, testing for public safety, literary or educational purposes, fostering national or international amateur sports competition, or for the prevention of cruelty to children or animals. Filing an amendment to taxes These organizations are usually corporations and are exempt from federal income tax under section 501(a). Filing an amendment to taxes Social security and Medicare taxes. Filing an amendment to taxes   Wages paid to employees of section 501(c)(3) organizations are subject to social security and Medicare taxes unless one of the following situations applies. Filing an amendment to taxes The organization pays an employee less than $100 in a calendar year. Filing an amendment to taxes The organization is a church or church-controlled organization opposed for religious reasons to the payment of social security and Medicare taxes and has filed Form 8274, Certification by Churches and Qualified Church-Controlled Organizations Electing Exemption From Employer Social Security and Medicare Taxes, to elect exemption from social security and Medicare taxes. Filing an amendment to taxes The organization must have filed for exemption before the first date on which a quarterly employment tax return (Form 941) or annual employment tax return (Form 944) would otherwise be due. Filing an amendment to taxes   An employee of a church or church-controlled organization that is exempt from social security and Medicare taxes must pay self-employment tax if the employee is paid $108. Filing an amendment to taxes 28 or more in a year. Filing an amendment to taxes However, an employee who is a member of a qualified religious sect can apply for an exemption from the self-employment tax by filing Form 4029, Application for Exemption From Social Security and Medicare Taxes and Waiver of Benefits. Filing an amendment to taxes See Members of recognized religious sects opposed to insurance in section 4. Filing an amendment to taxes FUTA tax. Filing an amendment to taxes   An organization that is exempt from federal income tax under section 501(c)(3) of the Internal Revenue Code is also exempt from FUTA tax. Filing an amendment to taxes This exemption cannot be waived. Filing an amendment to taxes Do not file Form 940 to report wages paid by these organizations or pay the tax. Filing an amendment to taxes Note. Filing an amendment to taxes An organization wholly owned by a state or its political subdivision should contact the appropriate state official for information about reporting and getting social security and Medicare coverage for its employees. Filing an amendment to taxes Other than section 501(c)(3) organizations. Filing an amendment to taxes   Nonprofit organizations that are not section 501(c)(3) organizations may also be exempt from federal income tax under section 501(a) or section 521. Filing an amendment to taxes However, these organizations are not exempt from withholding federal income, social security, or Medicare tax from their employees' pay, or from paying FUTA tax. Filing an amendment to taxes Two special rules for social security, Medicare, and FUTA taxes apply. Filing an amendment to taxes If an employee is paid less than $100 during a calendar year, his or her wages are not subject to social security and Medicare taxes. Filing an amendment to taxes If an employee is paid less than $50 in a calendar quarter, his or her wages are not subject to FUTA tax for the quarter. Filing an amendment to taxes The above rules do not apply to employees who work for pension plans and other similar organizations described in section 401(a). Filing an amendment to taxes 4. Filing an amendment to taxes Religious Exemptions and Special Rules for Ministers Special rules apply to the treatment of ministers for social security and Medicare tax purposes. Filing an amendment to taxes An exemption from social security and Medicare taxes is available for ministers and certain other religious workers and members of certain recognized religious sects. Filing an amendment to taxes For more information on getting an exemption, see Publication 517, Social Security and Other Information for Members of the Clergy and Religious Workers. Filing an amendment to taxes Ministers. Filing an amendment to taxes   Ministers are individuals who are duly ordained, commissioned, or licensed by a religious body constituting a church or church denomination. Filing an amendment to taxes They are given the authority to conduct religious worship, perform sacerdotal functions, and administer ordinances and sacraments according to the prescribed tenets and practices of that religious organization. Filing an amendment to taxes   Ministers are employees if they perform services in the exercise of ministry and are subject to your will and control. Filing an amendment to taxes The common-law rules discussed in section 1 and section 2 should be applied to determine whether a minister is your employee or is self-employed. Filing an amendment to taxes Whether the minister is an employee or self-employed, the earnings of a minister are not subject to federal income, social security, and Medicare tax withholding. Filing an amendment to taxes However, even if the minister is a common law employee, the earnings as reported on the minister's Form 1040 are subject to self-employment tax and federal income tax. Filing an amendment to taxes You do not withhold these taxes from wages earned by a minister, but if the minister is your employee, you may agree with the minister to voluntarily withhold tax to cover the minister's liability for self-employment tax and federal income tax. Filing an amendment to taxes For more information, see Publication 517. Filing an amendment to taxes Form W-2. Filing an amendment to taxes   If your minister is an employee, report all taxable compensation as wages in box 1 on Form W-2. Filing an amendment to taxes Include in this amount expense allowances or reimbursements paid under a nonaccountable plan, discussed in section 5 of Publication 15 (Circular E). Filing an amendment to taxes Do not include a parsonage allowance (excludable housing allowance) in this amount. Filing an amendment to taxes You may report a designated parsonage or rental allowance (housing allowance) and a utilities allowance, or the rental value of housing provided in a separate statement or in box 14 on Form W-2. Filing an amendment to taxes Do not show on Form W-2, Form 941, or Form 944 any amount as social security or Medicare wages, or any withholding for social security or Medicare taxes. Filing an amendment to taxes If you withheld federal income tax from the minister under a voluntary agreement, this amount should be shown in box 2 on Form W-2 as federal income tax withheld. Filing an amendment to taxes For more information on ministers, see Publication 517. Filing an amendment to taxes Exemptions for ministers and others. Filing an amendment to taxes   Certain ordained ministers, Christian Science practitioners, and members of religious orders who have not taken a vow of poverty may apply to exempt their earnings from self-employment tax on religious grounds. Filing an amendment to taxes The application must be based on conscientious opposition because of personal considerations to public insurance that makes payments in the event of death, disability, old age, or retirement, or that makes payments toward the cost of, or provides services for, medical care, including social security and Medicare benefits. Filing an amendment to taxes The exemption applies only to qualified services performed for the religious organization. Filing an amendment to taxes See Revenue Procedure 91-20, 1991-1 C. Filing an amendment to taxes B. Filing an amendment to taxes 524, for guidelines to determine whether an organization is a religious order or whether an individual is a member of a religious order. Filing an amendment to taxes   To apply for the exemption, the employee should file Form 4361, Application for Exemption From Self-Employment Tax for Use by Ministers, Members of Religious Orders and Christian Science Practitioners. Filing an amendment to taxes See Publication 517 for more information about claiming an exemption from self-employment tax using Form 4361. Filing an amendment to taxes Members of recognized religious sects opposed to insurance. Filing an amendment to taxes   If you belong to a recognized religious sect or to a division of such sect that is opposed to insurance, you may qualify for an exemption from the self-employment tax. Filing an amendment to taxes To qualify, you must be conscientiously opposed to accepting the benefits of any public or private insurance that makes payments because of death, disability, old age, or retirement, or makes payments toward the cost of, or provides services for, medical care (including social security and Medicare benefits). Filing an amendment to taxes If you buy a retirement annuity from an insurance company, you will not be eligible for this exemption. Filing an amendment to taxes Religious opposition based on the teachings of the sect is the only legal basis for the exemption. Filing an amendment to taxes In addition, your religious sect (or division) must have existed since December 31, 1950. Filing an amendment to taxes Self-employed. Filing an amendment to taxes   If you are self-employed and a member of a recognized religious sect opposed to insurance, you can apply for exemption by filing Form 4029 to waive all social security and Medicare benefits. Filing an amendment to taxes Employees. Filing an amendment to taxes   The social security and Medicare tax exemption available to the self-employed who are members of a recognized religious sect opposed to insurance is also available to their employees who are members of such a sect. Filing an amendment to taxes This applies to partnerships only if each partner is a member of the sect. Filing an amendment to taxes This exemption for employees applies only if both the employee and the employer are members of such a sect, and the employer has an exemption. Filing an amendment to taxes To get the exemption, the employee must file Form 4029. Filing an amendment to taxes   An employee of a church or church-controlled organization that is exempt from social security and Medicare taxes can also apply for an exemption on Form 4029. Filing an amendment to taxes 5. Filing an amendment to taxes Wages and Other Compensation Publication 15 (Circular E) provides a general discussion of taxable wages. Filing an amendment to taxes Publication 15-B discusses fringe benefits. Filing an amendment to taxes The following topics supplement those discussions. Filing an amendment to taxes Relocating for Temporary Work Assignments If an employee is given a temporary work assignment away from his or her regular place of work, certain travel expenses reimbursed or paid directly by the employer in accordance with an accountable plan (see section 5 in Publication 15 (Circular E)) may be excludable from the employee's wages. Filing an amendment to taxes Generally, a temporary work assignment in a single location is one that is realistically expected to last (and does in fact last) for 1 year or less. Filing an amendment to taxes If the employee's new work assignment is indefinite, any living expenses reimbursed or paid by the employer (other than qualified moving expenses) must be included in the employee's wages as compensation. Filing an amendment to taxes For the travel expenses to be excludable: The new work location must be outside of the city or general area of the employee's regular work place or post of duty, The travel expenses must otherwise qualify as deductible by the employee, and The expenses must be for the period during which the employee is at the temporary work location. Filing an amendment to taxes If you reimburse or pay any personal expenses of an employee during his or her temporary work assignment, such as expenses for home leave for family members or for vacations, these amounts must be included in the employee's wages. Filing an amendment to taxes See chapter 1 of Publication 463, Travel, Entertainment, Gift, and Car Expenses, and section 5 of Publication 15 (Circular E), for more information. Filing an amendment to taxes These rules generally apply to temporary work assignments both inside and outside the U. Filing an amendment to taxes S. Filing an amendment to taxes Employee Achievement Awards Do not withhold federal income, social security, or Medicare taxes on the fair market value of an employee achievement award if it is excludable from your employee's gross income. Filing an amendment to taxes To be excludable from your employee's gross income, the award must be tangible personal property (not cash, gift certificates, or securities) given to an employee for length of service or safety achievement, awarded as part of a meaningful presentation, and awarded under circumstances that do not indicate that the payment is disguised compensation. Filing an amendment to taxes Excludable employee achievement awards also are not subject to FUTA tax. Filing an amendment to taxes Limits. Filing an amendment to taxes   The most that you can exclude for the cost of all employee achievement awards to the same employee for the year is $400. Filing an amendment to taxes A higher limit of $1,600 applies to qualified plan awards. Filing an amendment to taxes Qualified plan awards are employee achievement awards under a written plan that does not discriminate in favor of highly compensated employees. Filing an amendment to taxes An award cannot be treated as a qualified plan award if the average cost per recipient of all awards under all of your qualified plans is more than $400. Filing an amendment to taxes   If during the year an employee receives awards not made under a qualified plan and also receives awards under a qualified plan, the exclusion for the total cost of all awards to that employee cannot be more than $1,600. Filing an amendment to taxes The $400 and $1,600 limits cannot be added together to exclude more than $1,600 for the cost of awards to any one employee during the year. Filing an amendment to taxes Scholarship and Fellowship Payments Only amounts that you pay as a qualified scholarship to a candidate for a degree may be excluded from the recipient's gross income. Filing an amendment to taxes A qualified scholarship is any amount granted as a scholarship or fellowship that is used for: Tuition and fees required to enroll in, or to attend, an educational institution, or Fees, books, supplies, and equipment that are required for courses at the educational institution. Filing an amendment to taxes The exclusion from income does not apply to the portion of any amount received that represents payment for teaching, research, or other services required as a condition of receiving the scholarship or tuition reduction. Filing an amendment to taxes These amounts are reportable on Form W-2. Filing an amendment to taxes However, the exclusion will still apply for any amount received under two specific programs—the National Health Service Corps Scholarship Program and the Armed Forces Health Professions Scholarship and Financial Assistance Program—despite any service condition attached to those amounts. Filing an amendment to taxes Any amounts that you pay for room and board are not excludable from the recipient's gross income. Filing an amendment to taxes A qualified scholarship is not subject to social security, Medicare, and FUTA taxes, or federal income tax withholding. Filing an amendment to taxes For more information, see Publication 970, Tax Benefits for Education. Filing an amendment to taxes Outplacement Services If you provide outplacement services to your employees to help them find new employment (such as career counseling, resume assistance, or skills assessment), the value of these benefits may be income to them and subject to all withholding taxes. Filing an amendment to taxes However, the value of these services will not be subject to any employment taxes if: You derive a substantial business benefit from providing the services (such as improved employee morale or business image) separate from the benefit that you would receive from the mere payment of additional compensation, and The employee would be able to deduct the cost of the services as employee business expenses if he or she had paid for them. Filing an amendment to taxes However, if you receive no additional benefit from providing the services, or if the services are not provided on the basis of employee need, then the value of the services is treated as wages and is subject to federal income tax withholding and social security and Medicare taxes. Filing an amendment to taxes Similarly, if an employee receives the outplacement services in exchange for reduced severance pay (or other taxable compensation), then the amount the severance pay is reduced is treated as wages for employment tax purposes. Filing an amendment to taxes Withholding for Idle Time Payments made under a voluntary guarantee to employees for idle time (any time during which an employee performs no services) are wages for the purposes of social security, Medicare, and FUTA taxes, and federal income tax withholding. Filing an amendment to taxes Back Pay Treat back pay as wages in the year paid and withhold and pay employment taxes as required. Filing an amendment to taxes If back pay was awarded by a court or government agency to enforce a federal or state statute protecting an employee's right to employment or wages, special rules apply for reporting those wages to the Social Security Administration. Filing an amendment to taxes These rules also apply to litigation actions and settlement agreements or agency directives that are resolved out of court and not under a court decree or order. Filing an amendment to taxes Examples of pertinent statutes include, but are not limited to, the National Labor Relations Act, Fair Labor Standards Act, Equal Pay Act, and Age Discrimination in Employment Act. Filing an amendment to taxes See Publication 957, Reporting Back Pay and Special Wage Payments to the Social Security Administration, and Form SSA-131, Employer Report of Special Wage Payments, for details. Filing an amendment to taxes Supplemental Unemployment Benefits If you pay, under a plan, supplemental unemployment benefits to a former employee, all or part of the payments may be taxable and subject to federal income tax withholding, depending on how the plan is funded. Filing an amendment to taxes Amounts that represent a return to the employee of amounts previously subject to tax are not taxable and are not subject to withholding. Filing an amendment to taxes You should withhold federal income tax on the taxable part of the payments made, under a plan, to an employee who is involuntarily separated because of a reduction in force, discontinuance of a plant or operation, or other similar condition. Filing an amendment to taxes It does not matter whether the separation is temporary or permanent. Filing an amendment to taxes There are special rules that apply in determining whether benefits qualify as supplemental unemployment benefits that are excluded from wages for social security, Medicare, and FUTA tax purposes. Filing an amendment to taxes To qualify as supplemental unemployment benefits for these purposes, the benefits must meet the following requirements. Filing an amendment to taxes Benefits are paid only to unemployed former employees who are laid off by the employer. Filing an amendment to taxes Eligibility for benefits depends on meeting prescribed conditions after termination. Filing an amendment to taxes The amount of weekly benefits payable is based upon state unemployment benefits, other compensation allowable under state law, and the amount of regular weekly pay. Filing an amendment to taxes The right to benefits does not accrue until a prescribed period after termination. Filing an amendment to taxes Benefits are not attributable to the performance of particular services. Filing an amendment to taxes No employee has any right to the benefits until qualified and eligible to receive benefits. Filing an amendment to taxes Benefits may not be paid in a lump sum. Filing an amendment to taxes Withholding on taxable supplemental unemployment benefits must be based on the withholding certificate (Form W-4) that the employee gave to you. Filing an amendment to taxes Golden Parachute Payments A golden parachute payment, in general, is a payment made under a contract entered into by a corporation and key personnel. Filing an amendment to taxes Under the agreement, the corporation agrees to pay certain amounts to its key personnel in the event of a change in ownership or control of the corporation. Filing an amendment to taxes Payments to employees under golden parachute contracts are subject to social security, Medicare, and FUTA taxes, and federal income tax withholding. Filing an amendment to taxes See Regulations section 1. Filing an amendment to taxes 280G-1 for more information. Filing an amendment to taxes No deduction is allowed to the corporation for any excess parachute payment. Filing an amendment to taxes To determine the amount of the excess parachute payment, you must first determine if there is a parachute payment for purposes of section 280G. Filing an amendment to taxes A parachute payment for purposes of section 280G is any payment that meets all of the following. Filing an amendment to taxes The payment is in the nature of compensation. Filing an amendment to taxes The payment is to, or for the benefit of, a disqualified individual. Filing an amendment to taxes A disqualified individual is anyone who at any time during the 12-month period prior to and ending on the date of the change in ownership or control of the corporation (the disqualified individual determination period) was an employee or independent contractor and was, in regard to that corporation, a shareholder, an officer, or highly compensated individual. Filing an amendment to taxes The payment is contingent on a change in ownership of the corporation, the effective control of the corporation, or the ownership of a substantial portion of the assets of the corporation. Filing an amendment to taxes The payment has an aggregate present value of at least three times the individual's base amount. Filing an amendment to taxes The base amount is the average annual compensation for service includible in the individual's gross income over the most recent 5 taxable years. Filing an amendment to taxes An excess parachute payment amount is the excess of any parachute payment over the base amount. Filing an amendment to taxes For more information, see Regulations section 1. Filing an amendment to taxes 280G-1. Filing an amendment to taxes The recipient of an excess parachute payment is subject to a 20% nondeductible excise tax. Filing an amendment to taxes If the recipient is an employee, the 20% excise tax is to be withheld by the corporation. Filing an amendment to taxes Example. Filing an amendment to taxes An officer of a corporation receives a golden parachute payment of $400,000. Filing an amendment to taxes This is more than three times greater than his or her average compensation of $100,000 over the previous 5-year period. Filing an amendment to taxes The excess parachute payment is $300,000 ($400,000 minus $100,000). Filing an amendment to taxes The corporation cannot deduct the $300,000 and must withhold the excise tax of $60,000 (20% of $300,000). Filing an amendment to taxes Reporting golden parachute payments. Filing an amendment to taxes   Golden parachute payments to employees must be reported on Form W-2. Filing an amendment to taxes See the General Instructions for Forms W-2 and W-3 for details. Filing an amendment to taxes For nonemployee reporting of these payments, see Box 7. Filing an amendment to taxes Nonemployee Compensation in the Instructions for Form 1099-MISC. Filing an amendment to taxes Exempt payments. Filing an amendment to taxes   Payments by most small business corporations and payments under certain qualified plans are exempt from the golden parachute rules. Filing an amendment to taxes See section 280G(b)(5) and (6) for more information. Filing an amendment to taxes Interest-Free and Below-Market-Interest-Rate Loans In general, if an employer lends an employee more than $10,000 at an interest rate less than the current applicable federal rate (AFR), the difference between the interest paid and the interest that would be paid under the AFR is considered additional compensation to the employee. Filing an amendment to taxes This rule applies to a loan of $10,000 or less if one of its principal purposes is the avoidance of federal tax. Filing an amendment to taxes This additional compensation to the employee is subject to social security, Medicare, and FUTA taxes, but not to federal income tax withholding. Filing an amendment to taxes Include it in compensation on Form W-2 (or Form 1099-MISC for an independent contractor). Filing an amendment to taxes The AFR is established monthly and published by the IRS each month in the Internal Revenue Bulletin. Filing an amendment to taxes You can get these rates by calling 1-800-829-4933 or by visiting IRS. Filing an amendment to taxes gov. Filing an amendment to taxes For more information, see section 7872 and its related regulations. Filing an amendment to taxes Leave Sharing Plans If you establish a leave sharing plan for your employees that allows them to transfer leave to other employees for medical emergencies, the amounts paid to the recipients of the leave are considered wages. Filing an amendment to taxes These amounts are includible in the gross income of the recipients and are subject to social security, Medicare, and FUTA taxes, and federal income tax withholding. Filing an amendment to taxes Do not include these amounts in the income of the transferors. Filing an amendment to taxes These rules apply only to leave sharing plans that permit employees to transfer leave to other employees for medical emergencies. Filing an amendment to taxes Nonqualified Deferred Compensation Plans Income Tax and Reporting Section 409A provides that all amounts deferred under a nonqualified deferred compensation (NQDC) plan for all tax years are currently includible in gross income (to the extent not subject to a substantial risk of forfeiture and not previously included in gross income) and subject to additional taxes, unless certain requirements are met pertaining to, among other things, elections to defer compensation and distributions under a NQDC plan. Filing an amendment to taxes Section 409A also includes rules that apply to certain trusts or similar arrangements associated with NQDC plans if the trusts or arrangements are located outside of the United States, are restricted to the provision of benefits in connection with a decline in the financial health of the plan sponsor, or contributions are made to the trust during certain periods such as when a qualified plan of the service recipient is underfunded. Filing an amendment to taxes Employers must withhold federal income tax (but not the additional Section 409A taxes) on any amount includible in gross income under section 409A. Filing an amendment to taxes Other changes to the Internal Revenue Code provide that the deferrals under a NQDC plan must be reported separately on Form W-2 or Form 1099-MISC, whichever applies. Filing an amendment to taxes Specific rules for reporting are provided in the instructions to the forms. Filing an amendment to taxes The provisions do not affect the application or reporting of social security, Medicare, or FUTA taxes. Filing an amendment to taxes The provisions do not prevent the inclusion of amounts in income or wages under other provisions of the Internal Revenue Code or common law principles, such as when amounts are actually or constructively received or irrevocably contributed to a separate fund. Filing an amendment to taxes For more information about nonqualified deferred compensation plans, see Regulations sections 1. Filing an amendment to taxes 409A-1 through 1. Filing an amendment to taxes 409A-6. Filing an amendment to taxes Notice 2008-113 provides guidance on the correction of certain operation failures of a NQDC plan. Filing an amendment to taxes Notice 2008-113, 2008-51 I. Filing an amendment to taxes R. Filing an amendment to taxes B. Filing an amendment to taxes 1305, is available at www. Filing an amendment to taxes irs. Filing an amendment to taxes gov/irb/2008-51_IRB/ar12. Filing an amendment to taxes html. Filing an amendment to taxes Also see Notice 2010-6, 2010-3 I. Filing an amendment to taxes R. Filing an amendment to taxes B. Filing an amendment to taxes 275, available at www. Filing an amendment to taxes irs. Filing an amendment to taxes gov/irb/2010-03_IRB/ar08. Filing an amendment to taxes html and Notice 2010-80, 2010-51 I. Filing an amendment to taxes R. Filing an amendment to taxes B. Filing an amendment to taxes 853, available at www. Filing an amendment to taxes irs. Filing an amendment to taxes gov/irb/2010-51_IRB/ar08. Filing an amendment to taxes html. Filing an amendment to taxes Social security, Medicare, and FUTA taxes. Filing an amendment to taxes   Employer contributions to nonqualified deferred compensation (NQDC) plans, as defined in the applicable regulations, are treated as wages subject to social security, Medicare, and FUTA taxes when the services are performed or the employee no longer has a substantial risk of forfeiting the right to the deferred compensation, whichever is later. Filing an amendment to taxes   Amounts deferred are subject to social security, Medicare, and FUTA taxes at that time unless the amount that is deferred cannot be reasonably ascertained; for example, if benefits are based on final pay. Filing an amendment to taxes If the value of the future benefit is based on any factors that are not yet reasonably ascertainable, you may choose to estimate the value of the future benefit and withhold and pay social security, Medicare, and FUTA taxes on that amount. Filing an amendment to taxes You will have to determine later, when the amount is reasonably ascertainable, whether any additional taxes are required. Filing an amendment to taxes If taxes are not paid before the amounts become reasonably ascertainable, when the amounts become reasonably ascertainable they are subject to social security, Medicare, and FUTA taxes on the amounts deferred plus the income attributable to those amounts deferred. Filing an amendment to taxes For more information, see Regulations sections 31. Filing an amendment to taxes 3121(v)(2)-1 and 31. Filing an amendment to taxes 3306(r)(2)-1. Filing an amendment to taxes Tax-Sheltered Annuities Employer payments made by a public educational institution or a tax-exempt organization to purchase a tax-sheltered annuity for an employee (annual deferrals) are included in the employee's social security and Medicare wages, if the payments are made because of a salary reduction agreement. Filing an amendment to taxes However, they are not included in box 1 on Form W-2 in the year the deferrals are made and are not subject to federal income tax withholding. Filing an amendment to taxes See Regulations section 31. Filing an amendment to taxes 3121(a)(5)-2 for the definition of a salary reduction agreement. Filing an amendment to taxes Contributions to a Simplified Employee Pension (SEP) An employer's SEP contributions to an employee's individual retirement arrangement (IRA) are excluded from the employee's gross income. Filing an amendment to taxes These excluded amounts are not subject to social security, Medicare, or FUTA taxes, or federal income tax withholding. Filing an amendment to taxes However, any SEP contributions paid under a salary reduction agreement (SARSEP) are included in wages for purposes of social security, Medicare, and FUTA taxes. Filing an amendment to taxes See Publication 560 for more information about SEPs. Filing an amendment to taxes Salary reduction simplified employee pensions (SARSEP) repealed. Filing an amendment to taxes   You may not establish a SARSEP after 1996. Filing an amendment to taxes However, SARSEPs established before January 1, 1997, may continue to receive contributions. Filing an amendment to taxes SIMPLE Retirement Plans Employer and employee contributions to a savings incentive match plan for employees (SIMPLE) retirement account (subject to limitations) are excludable from the employee's income and are exempt from federal income tax withholding. Filing an amendment to taxes An employer's nonelective (2%) or matching contributions are exempt from social security, Medicare, and FUTA taxes. Filing an amendment to taxes However, an employee's salary reduction contributions to a SIMPLE are subject to social security, Medicare, and FUTA taxes. Filing an amendment to taxes For more information about SIMPLE retirement plans, see Publication 560. Filing an amendment to taxes 6. Filing an amendment to taxes Sick Pay Reporting The IRS expects to change the third-party sick pay recap reporting and filing requirements for wages paid in 2014. Filing an amendment to taxes Information about this change will be included in the revision of Publication 15-A that is expected to post to IRS. Filing an amendment to taxes gov in December 2014. Filing an amendment to taxes Special rules apply to the reporting of sick pay payments to employees. Filing an amendment to taxes How these payments are reported depends on whether the payments are made by the employer or a third party, such as an insurance company. Filing an amendment to taxes Sick pay is usually subject to social security, Medicare, and FUTA taxes. Filing an amendment to taxes For exceptions, see Social Security, Medicare, and FUTA Taxes on Sick Pay , later in this section. Filing an amendment to taxes Sick pay may also be subject to either mandatory or voluntary federal income tax withholding, depending on who pays it. Filing an amendment to taxes Sick Pay Sick pay generally means any amount paid under a plan because of an employee's temporary absence from work due to injury, sickness, or disability. Filing an amendment to taxes It may be paid by either the employer or a third party, such as an insurance company. Filing an amendment to taxes Sick pay includes both short- and long-term benefits. Filing an amendment to taxes It is often expressed as a percentage of the employee's regular wages. Filing an amendment to taxes Payments That Are Not Sick Pay Sick pay does not include the following payments. Filing an amendment to taxes Disability retirement payments. Filing an amendment to taxes Disability retirement payments are not sick pay and are not discussed in this section. Filing an amendment to taxes Those payments are subject to the rules for federal income tax withholding from pensions and annuities. Filing an amendment to taxes See section 8. Filing an amendment to taxes Workers' compensation. Filing an amendment to taxes Payments because of a work-related injury or sickness that are made under a workers' compensation law are not sick pay and are not subject to employment taxes. Filing an amendment to taxes But see Payments in the nature of workers' compensation—public employees next. Filing an amendment to taxes Payments in the nature of workers' compensation—public employees. Filing an amendment to taxes State and local government employees, such as police officers and firefighters, sometimes receive payments due to an injury in the line of duty under a statute that is not the general workers' compensation law of a state. Filing an amendment to taxes If the statute limits benefits to work-related injuries or sickness and does not base payments on the employee's age, length of service, or prior contributions, the statute is “in the nature of” a workers' compensation law. Filing an amendment to taxes Payments under a statute in the nature of a workers' compensation law are not sick pay and are not subject to employment taxes. Filing an amendment to taxes For more information, see Regulations section 31. Filing an amendment to taxes 3121(a)(2)-1. Filing an amendment to taxes Medical expense payments. Filing an amendment to taxes Payments under a definite plan or system for medical and hospitalization expenses, or for insurance covering these expenses, are not sick pay and are not subject to employment taxes. Filing an amendment to taxes Payments unrelated to absence from work. Filing an amendment to taxes Accident or health insurance payments unrelated to absence from work are not sick pay and are not subject to employment taxes. Filing an amendment to taxes These include payments for: Permanent loss of a member or function of the body, Permanent loss of the use of a member or function of the body, or Permanent disfigurement of the body. Filing an amendment to taxes Example. Filing an amendment to taxes Donald was injured in a car accident and lost an eye. Filing an amendment to taxes Under a policy paid for by Donald's employer, Delta Insurance Co. Filing an amendment to taxes paid Donald $20,000 as compensation for the loss of his eye. Filing an amendment to taxes Because the payment was determined by the type of injury and was unrelated to Donald's absence from work, it is not sick pay and is not subject to federal employment taxes. Filing an amendment to taxes Sick Pay Plan A sick pay plan is a plan or system established by an employer under which sick pay is available to employees generally or to a class or classes of employees. Filing an amendment to taxes This does not include a situation in which benefits are provided on a discretionary or occasional basis with merely an intention to aid particular employees in time of need. Filing an amendment to taxes You have a sick pay plan or system if the plan is in writing or is otherwise made known to employees, such as by a bulletin board notice or your long and established practice. Filing an amendment to taxes Some indications that you have a sick pay plan or system include references to the plan or system in the contract of employment, employer contributions to a plan, or segregated accounts for the payment of benefits. Filing an amendment to taxes Definition of employer. Filing an amendment to taxes   The employer for whom the employee normally works, a term used in the following discussion, is either the employer for whom the employee was working at the time that the employee became sick or disabled or the last employer for whom the employee worked before becoming sick or disabled, if that employer made contributions to the sick pay plan on behalf of the sick or disabled employee. Filing an amendment to taxes Note. Filing an amendment to taxes Contributions to a sick pay plan through a cafeteria plan (by direct employer contributions or salary reduction) are employer contributions unless they are after-tax employee contributions (that is, included in taxable wages). Filing an amendment to taxes Third-Party Payers of Sick Pay Employer's agent. Filing an amendment to taxes   An employer's agent is a third party that bears no insurance risk and is reimbursed on a cost-plus-fee basis for payment of sick pay and similar amounts. Filing an amendment to taxes A third party may be your agent even if the third party is responsible for determining which employees are eligible to receive payments. Filing an amendment to taxes For example, if a third party provides administrative services only, the third party is your agent. Filing an amendment to taxes If the third party is paid an insurance premium and is not reimbursed on a cost-plus-fee basis, the third party is not your agent. Filing an amendment to taxes Whether an insurance company or other third party is your agent depends on the terms of their agreement with you. Filing an amendment to taxes   A third party that makes payments of sick pay as your agent is not considered the employer and generally has no responsibility for employment taxes. Filing an amendment to taxes This responsibility remains with you. Filing an amendment to taxes However, under an exception to this rule, the parties may enter into an agreement that makes the third-party agent responsible for employment taxes. Filing an amendment to taxes In this situation, the third-party agent should use its own name and EIN (rather than your name and EIN) for the responsibilities that it has assumed. Filing an amendment to taxes Third party not employer's agent. Filing an amendment to taxes   A third party that makes payments of sick pay other than as an agent of the employer is liable for federal income tax withholding (if requested by the employee) and the employee part of the social security and Medicare taxes. Filing an amendment to taxes   The third party is also liable for the employer part of the social security and Medicare taxes, and the FUTA tax, unless the third party transfers this liability to the employer for whom the employee normally works. Filing an amendment to taxes This liability is transferred if the third party takes the following steps. Filing an amendment to taxes Withholds the employee social security and Medicare taxes from the sick pay payments. Filing an amendment to taxes Makes timely deposits of the employee social security and Medicare taxes. Filing an amendment to taxes Notifies the employer for whom the employee normally works of the payments on which employee taxes were withheld and deposited. Filing an amendment to taxes The third party must notify the employer within the time required for the third party's deposit of the employee part of the social security and Medicare taxes. Filing an amendment to taxes For instance, if the third party is a monthly schedule depositor, it must notify the employer by the 15th day of the month following the month in which the sick pay payment is made because that is the day by which the deposit is required to be made. Filing an amendment to taxes The third party should notify the employer as soon as information on payments is available so that an employer required to make electronic deposits can make them timely. Filing an amendment to taxes For multi-employer plans, see the special rule discussed next. Filing an amendment to taxes Multi-employer plan timing rule. Filing an amendment to taxes   A special rule applies to sick pay payments made to employees by a third-party insurer under an insurance contract with a multi-employer plan established under a collectively bargained agreement. Filing an amendment to taxes If the third-party insurer making the payments complies wi
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The Filing An Amendment To Taxes

Filing an amendment to taxes Part Five -   Deducción Estándar y Deducciones Detalladas Después de calcular su ingreso bruto ajustado, entonces puede restar las deducciones utilizadas para calcular los ingresos tributables. Filing an amendment to taxes Puede restar la deducción estándar o las deducciones detalladas. Filing an amendment to taxes Las deducciones detalladas son deducciones por determinados gastos enumerados en el Anexo A (Formulario 1040). Filing an amendment to taxes Los diez capítulos de esta sección tratan sobre la deducción estándar, cada deducción detallada y el límite sobre algunas de sus deducciones detalladas si su ingreso bruto ajustado es mayor que ciertas cantidades. Filing an amendment to taxes Vea el capítulo 20 para saber qué factores debe tener en cuenta al decidir si debe restar o no la deducción estándar o las deducciones detalladas. Filing an amendment to taxes Table of Contents 20. Filing an amendment to taxes   Deducción EstándarQué Hay de Nuevo Introduction Cantidad de la Deducción Estándar Deducción Estándar para DependientesDefinición del ingreso del trabajo. Filing an amendment to taxes Quién Debe Detallar las DeduccionesCuándo detallar las deducciones. Filing an amendment to taxes Personas casadas que presentan la declaración por separado. Filing an amendment to taxes 21. Filing an amendment to taxes   Gastos Médicos y DentalesQué Hay de Nuevo Introduction Useful Items - You may want to see: ¿Qué Son Gastos Médicos? ¿Qué Gastos Puede Incluir Este Año?Estados donde rige la ley de los bienes gananciales. Filing an amendment to taxes ¿Qué Cantidad de los Gastos Puede Deducir? ¿De Qué Personas Puede Incluir Gastos Médicos?Usted Cónyuge Dependiente Difuntos ¿Qué Gastos Médicos se Pueden Incluir?Primas de Seguros Comidas y Alojamiento Transporte Gastos del Cuidado de un Dependiente Incapacitado ¿Cómo se Tratan los Reembolsos?Reembolso de Seguros Indemnizaciones por Lesiones Personales Cómo Calcular y Reclamar la Deducción en su Declaración de Impuestos¿Qué Formulario Debe Usar para la Declaración? Gastos de Trabajo Relacionados con un Impedimento Costos del Seguro Médico para Personas que Trabajan por Cuenta Propia 22. Filing an amendment to taxes   ImpuestosIntroductionGobierno tribal de indios estadounidenses. Filing an amendment to taxes Useful Items - You may want to see: Requisitos para Deducir Todo Impuesto Impuestos sobre los IngresosImpuestos Estatales y Locales sobre los Ingresos Impuestos Extranjeros sobre los Ingresos Impuestos Generales sobre las VentasVehículos de motor. Filing an amendment to taxes Impuestos sobre Bienes RaícesImpuestos sobre bienes raíces de años anteriores. Filing an amendment to taxes Ejemplos. Filing an amendment to taxes Formulario 1099-S. Filing an amendment to taxes Cantidades Relacionadas con Bienes Raíces que no Puede Deducir Impuestos sobre Bienes Muebles Impuestos y Cargos que no Puede Deducir Dónde se Anotan las Deducciones 23. Filing an amendment to taxes   Gastos de InteresesIntroduction Useful Items - You may want to see: Intereses Hipotecarios de ViviendaCantidad Deducible Puntos Primas de Seguro Hipotecario Formulario 1098, Estado de Cuenta de los Intereses Hipotecarios Intereses Procedentes de InversionesBienes de Inversión Asignación de Gastos de Intereses Límite sobre la Deducción Cantidades que No Puede DeducirIntereses Personales Asignación de Intereses Cómo Hacer la DeclaraciónMás de un prestatario. Filing an amendment to taxes Fondos procedentes de una hipoteca utilizados para negocios o inversiones. Filing an amendment to taxes 24. Filing an amendment to taxes   DonacionesIntroduction Useful Items - You may want to see: Organizaciones que Reúnen los Requisitos para Recibir Donaciones DeduciblesTipos de Organizaciones Calificadas Donaciones que Puede DeducirDonaciones de las Cuales Usted se Beneficia Gastos Pagados a Nombre de un Estudiante que Vive con Usted Gastos de Bolsillo al Prestar Servicios Donaciones que no Puede DeducirDonaciones Hechas a Personas Físicas Donaciones Hechas a Organizaciones no Calificadas Donaciones de las Cuales Usted se Beneficia Valor de Tiempo o Servicios Gastos Personales Cargos de Tasación Donaciones de BienesExcepción. Filing an amendment to taxes Artículos domésticos. Filing an amendment to taxes Deducción de más de $500. Filing an amendment to taxes Formulario 1098-C. Filing an amendment to taxes Se acerca el plazo para la presentación de la declaración y aún no tiene el Formulario 1098-C. Filing an amendment to taxes Excepción 1: vehículo usado o mejorado por la organización. Filing an amendment to taxes Excepción 2: vehículo donado o vendido a una persona necesitada. Filing an amendment to taxes Deducción de $500 o menos. Filing an amendment to taxes Derecho al uso de los bienes. Filing an amendment to taxes Bienes muebles tangibles. Filing an amendment to taxes Intereses futuros. Filing an amendment to taxes Determinación del Valor Justo de Mercado Donación de Bienes Cuyo Valor ha Disminuido Donación de Bienes Cuyo Valor ha Aumentado Cuándo Puede Deducir sus DonacionesCheques. Filing an amendment to taxes Mensaje de texto. Filing an amendment to taxes Tarjeta de crédito. Filing an amendment to taxes Pago telefónico. Filing an amendment to taxes Título de acciones. Filing an amendment to taxes Pagaré. Filing an amendment to taxes Opción. Filing an amendment to taxes Fondos de un préstamo. Filing an amendment to taxes Límites sobre DeduccionesCantidades Trasladadas al Año Siguiente Documentación que se Debe MantenerDonaciones en Efectivo Donaciones que no Sean en Efectivo Gastos de Bolsillo Cómo Declarar las Donaciones Caritativas 25. Filing an amendment to taxes   Pérdidas por Hecho Fortuito y Robo no Relacionadas con los NegociosQué Hay de Nuevo Introduction Useful Items - You may want to see: Hecho FortuitoMascota de la familia. Filing an amendment to taxes Deterioro progresivo. Filing an amendment to taxes Daños ocasionados por paneles de yeso (drywall) corrosivos. Filing an amendment to taxes Robo Pérdidas de Depósitos Comprobación de las Pérdidas Cómo Calcular una PérdidaDisminución del Valor Justo de Mercado Base Ajustada Seguro y Otros Reembolsos Un Solo Hecho Fortuito en Bienes Múltiples Límites de la DeducciónRegla de los $100 Regla del 10% Cuándo Declarar Ganancias y PérdidasPérdidas en Zonas de Desastre Cómo Declarar Ganancias y Pérdidas 26. Filing an amendment to taxes   Gastos de Automóvil y Otros Gastos de Negocio del EmpleadoQué Hay de Nuevo Introduction Useful Items - You may want to see: Gastos de ViajeViajes Lejos de Su Domicilio Domicilio Tributario Trabajo o Asignación Temporal ¿Qué Gastos de Viaje se Pueden Deducir? Viajes en los Estados Unidos Viajes Fuera de los Estados Unidos Convenciones Gastos de EntretenimientoLímite del 50% ¿Qué Gastos de Entretenimiento se Pueden Deducir? ¿Qué Gastos de Entretenimiento no se Pueden Deducir? Gastos por Regalos Gastos de TransportePersonal en Reserva de las Fuerzas Armadas. Filing an amendment to taxes Cargos de estacionamiento. Filing an amendment to taxes Publicidad en el automóvil. Filing an amendment to taxes Uso compartido de automóviles. Filing an amendment to taxes Transporte de herramientas o instrumentos. Filing an amendment to taxes Gastos de desplazamiento de sindicalistas desde el centro del sindicato. Filing an amendment to taxes Gastos de Automóvil Mantenimiento de DocumentaciónCómo Demostrar los Gastos Cuánto Tiempo Tiene que Guardar Documentación y Recibos Cómo Hacer la DeclaraciónRegalos. Filing an amendment to taxes Empleados estatutarios. Filing an amendment to taxes Reembolsos Cómo Llenar los Formularios 2106 y 2106-EZ Reglas Especiales 27. Filing an amendment to taxes   Beneficios Tributarios para Estudios Relacionados con el TrabajoQué Hay de Nuevo Introduction Useful Items - You may want to see: Estudios Relacionados con el Trabajo que Reúnen los Requisitos de la DeducciónEstudios Requeridos por el Empleador o por Ley Estudios para Mantener o Mejorar Destrezas Estudios para Satisfacer los Requisitos Mínimos Estudios que lo Capacitan para un Nuevo Oficio o Negocio Qué Gastos se Pueden Deducir Reembolso no reclamado. Filing an amendment to taxes Gastos de Transporte Gastos de Viaje No se Permiten Beneficios Dobles Reembolsos Cómo Deducir Gastos de NegociosPersonas que Trabajan por Cuenta Propia Empleados Artistas del Espectáculo y Funcionarios a los que se les Pagan Honorarios Gastos de Trabajo Relacionados con un Impedimento Documentación 28. Filing an amendment to taxes   Deducciones MisceláneasQué Hay de Nuevo Introduction Useful Items - You may want to see: Deducciones Sujetas al Límite del 2%Gastos del Empleado no Reembolsados (Línea 21) Costos de la Preparación de la Declaración de Impuestos (Línea 22) Otros Gastos (Línea 23) Deducciones no Sujetas al Límite del 2%Lista de Deducciones Gastos no DeduciblesLista de Gastos no Deducibles 29. Filing an amendment to taxes   Límite sobre Deducciones DetalladasIntroduction Useful Items - You may want to see: ¿Está Usted Sujeto al Límite? ¿Qué Deducciones Detalladas Están Limitadas? ¿Qué Deducciones Detalladas no Están Limitadas? ¿Cómo se Calcula el Límite?Ejemplo Prev  Up  Next   Home   More Online Publications