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Form4868

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Form4868

Form4868 Publication 524 - Introductory Material Table of Contents Reminders IntroductionOrdering forms and publications. Form4868 Tax questions. Form4868 Useful Items - You may want to see: Reminders Future developments. Form4868  For the latest information about developments related to Publication 524, such as legislation enacted after it was published, go to www. Form4868 irs. Form4868 gov/pub524. Form4868 Photographs of missing children. Form4868  The Internal Revenue Service is a proud partner with the National Center for Missing and Exploited Children. Form4868 Photographs of missing children selected by the Center may appear in this publication on pages that would otherwise be blank. Form4868 You can help bring these children home by looking at the photographs and calling 1-800-THE-LOST (1-800-843-5678) if you recognize a child. Form4868 Introduction If you qualify, you may be able to reduce the tax you owe by taking the credit for the elderly or the disabled. Form4868 This publication explains: Who qualifies for the credit for the elderly or the disabled, and How to figure the credit. Form4868 You may be able to take the credit for the elderly or the disabled if: You are age 65 or older at the end of 2013, or You retired on permanent and total disability and have taxable disability income. Form4868 Comments and suggestions. Form4868   We welcome your comments about this publication and your suggestions for future editions. Form4868   You can write to us at the following address: Internal Revenue Service Tax Forms and Publications Division 1111 Constitution Ave. Form4868 NW, IR-6526 Washington, DC 20224   We respond to many letters by telephone. Form4868 Therefore, it would be helpful if you would include your daytime phone number, including the area code, in your correspondence. Form4868   You can send your comments from www. Form4868 irs. Form4868 gov/formspubs/. Form4868 Click on “More Information” and then on “Comment on Tax Forms and Publications”. Form4868   Although we cannot respond individually to each comment received, we do appreciate your feedback and will consider your comments as we revise our tax products. Form4868 Ordering forms and publications. Form4868   Visit www. Form4868 irs. Form4868 gov/formspubs/ to download forms and publications, call 1-800-TAX-FORM (1-800-829-3676), or write to the address below and receive a response within 10 days after your request is received. Form4868 Internal Revenue Service 1201 N. Form4868 Mitsubishi Motorway Bloomington, IL 61705-6613 Tax questions. Form4868   If you have a tax question, check the information available on IRS. Form4868 gov or call 1-800-829-1040. Form4868 We cannot answer tax questions sent to either of the above addresses. Form4868 Useful Items - You may want to see: Publication 554 Tax Guide for Seniors Form (and instruction) Schedule R (Form 1040A or 1040) Credit for the Elderly or the Disabled See How To Get Tax Help , near the end of this publication, for information about getting this publication and form. Form4868 Prev  Up  Next   Home   More Online Publications
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Federal Legislative Branch

The legislative branch is the law making branch of government made up of the Senate, the House of Representatives, and agencies that support Congress.

U.S. Congress

Legislative Process Overview

Learn how the US Congress works to create laws.

Show Video Transcript

Article I of the U.S. Constitution grants all legislative powers to a bicameral Congress: a House of Representatives and a Senate that are the result of a “Great Compromise” seeking to balance the effects of popular majorities with the interests of the states. Our system currently provides for a two-year term of office for House members from the 435 population-based districts. In the Senate, voters of each state elect two Senators, who serve 6-year terms that overlap (such that only one-third of the chamber is up for election in any given election cycle).

The two chambers are fundamentally equal in their legislative roles and functions. Only the House can originate revenue legislation, and only the Senate confirms presidential nominations and approves treaties, but the enactment of law always requires both chambers to separately agree to the same bill in the same form before presenting it to the President.

Because each chamber has the constitutional authority to make its own rules, the House and Senate have developed some very different ways of processing legislation, perhaps partially flowing from their constitutional differences. In general, House rules and practices allow a numerical majority to process legislation relatively quickly. Senate rules and procedures, on the other hand, favor deliberation over quick action, as they provide significant procedural leverage to individual Senators.

Congressional action is typically planned and coordinated by party leaders in each chamber, who have been chosen by members of their own caucus or conference – that is, the group of members in a chamber who share a party affiliation. Majority party leaders in the House have important powers and prerogatives to effectively set the policy agenda and decide which proposals will receive floor consideration. In the Senate, the leader of the majority party is generally expected to propose items for consideration, but formal tools that allow a numerical majority to take action are few. Instead, majority party leadership typically must negotiate with minority party leaders (and often all Senators) to effectively conduct Senate floor action.

In both chambers, much of the policy expertise resides in the standing committees – panels of members from both parties that typically take the lead in developing and assessing legislation. Members typically serve on a small number of committees, often for many years, allowing them to become highly knowledgeable in certain policy areas. All committees are chaired by a member of the majority party, though chairs often work closely with the committee’s ranking member, the most senior member of the minority party on the committee. In almost all cases, the ratio of majority party to minority party members on a committee roughly reflects the overall partisan ratio in the congressional chamber.

Committee members and staff focus much of their time on drafting and considering legislative proposals, but committees engage in other activities, as well. Once law is enacted, Congress has the prerogative and responsibility to provide oversight of policy implementation, and its committees take the lead in this effort. Both chambers provide their committees with significant powers and latitude for oversight and investigations into questions of public policy and its effects.

While the engine of legislative ideas and action is Congress itself, the President has influence in the legislative process, as well. The President recommends an annual budget for federal agencies and often suggests legislation. Perhaps more significantly, the power to veto legislation can affect the content of bills passed by Congress. Since it is quite unusual for law to be enacted over a presidential veto, Congress typically must accommodate the president’s position on proposed policies.

The process by which a bill becomes law is rarely predictable and can vary significantly from bill to bill. In fact, for many bills, the process will not follow the sequence of congressional stages that are often understood to make up the legislative process. The presentations on specific topics that follow present a more detailed look at each of the common stages through which a bill may move, but keep in mind that complications and variations abound in practice.

The Form4868

Form4868 12. Form4868   How To Get More Information Table of Contents Internal Revenue ServiceLow Income Taxpayer Clinics (LITCs) Small Business Administration Other Federal Agencies This section describes the help the IRS and other federal agencies offer to taxpayers who operate their own businesses. Form4868 Internal Revenue Service Whether it's help with a tax issue, preparing your tax return or a need for a free publication or form, get the help you need the way you want it: online, use a smart phone, call or walk in to an IRS office or volunteer site near you. Form4868 Free help with your return. Form4868   You can get free help preparing your return nationwide from IRS-certified volunteers. Form4868 The Volunteer Income Tax Assistance (VITA) program helps low-to-moderate income, elderly, people with disabilities, and limited English proficient taxpayers. Form4868 The Tax Counseling for the Elderly (TCE) program helps taxpayers age 60 and older with their tax returns. Form4868 Most VITA and TCE sites offer free electronic filing and all volunteers will let you know about credits and deductions you may be entitled to claim. Form4868 In addition, some VITA and TCE sites provide taxpayers the opportunity to prepare their own return with help from an IRS-certified volunteer. Form4868 To find the nearest VITA or TCE site, you can use the VITA Locator Tool on IRS. Form4868 gov, download the IRS2Go app, or call 1-800-906-9887. Form4868   As part of the TCE program, AARP offers the Tax-Aide counseling program. Form4868 To find the nearest AARP Tax-Aide site, visit AARP's website at www. Form4868 aarp. Form4868 org/money/taxaide or call 1-888-227-7669. Form4868 For more information on these programs, go to IRS. Form4868 gov and enter “VITA” in the search box. Form4868 Internet. Form4868    IRS. Form4868 gov and IRS2Go are ready when you are —24 hours a day, 7 days a week. Form4868 Download the free IRS2Go app from the iTunes app store or from Google Play. Form4868 Use it to check your refund status, order transcripts of your tax returns or tax account, watch the IRS YouTube channel, get IRS news as soon as it's released to the public, subscribe to filing season updates or daily tax tips, and follow the IRS Twitter news feed, @IRSnews, to get the latest federal tax news, including information about tax law changes and important IRS programs. Form4868 Check the status of your 2013 refund with the Where's My Refund? application on IRS. Form4868 gov or download the IRS2Go app and select the Refund Status option. Form4868 The IRS issues more than 9 out of 10 refunds in less than 21 days. Form4868 Using these applications, you can start checking on the status of your return within 24 hours after we receive your e-filed return or 4 weeks after you mail a paper return. Form4868 You will also be given a personalized refund date as soon as the IRS processes your tax return and approves your refund. Form4868 The IRS updates Where's My Refund? every 24 hours, usually overnight, so you only need to check once a day. Form4868 Use the Interactive Tax Assistant (ITA) to research your tax questions. Form4868 No need to wait on the phone or stand in line. Form4868 The ITA is available 24 hours a day, 7 days a week, and provides you with a variety of tax information related to general filing topics, deductions, credits, and income. Form4868 When you reach the response screen, you can print the entire interview and the final response for your records. Form4868 New subject areas are added on a regular basis. Form4868  Answers not provided through ITA may be found in Tax Trails, one of the Tax Topics on IRS. Form4868 gov which contain general individual and business tax information or by searching the IRS Tax Map, which includes an international subject index. Form4868 You can use the IRS Tax Map, to search publications and instructions by topic or keyword. Form4868 The IRS Tax Map integrates forms and publications into one research tool and provides single-point access to tax law information by subject. Form4868 When the user searches the IRS Tax Map, they will be provided with links to related content in existing IRS publications, forms and instructions, questions and answers, and Tax Topics. Form4868 Coming this filing season, you can immediately view and print for free all 5 types of individual federal tax transcripts (tax returns, tax account, record of account, wage and income statement, and certification of non-filing) using Get Transcript. Form4868 You can also ask the IRS to mail a return or an account transcript to you. Form4868 Only the mail option is available by choosing the Tax Records option on the IRS2Go app by selecting Mail Transcript on IRS. Form4868 gov or by calling 1-800-908-9946. Form4868 Tax return and tax account transcripts are generally available for the current year and the past three years. Form4868 Determine if you are eligible for the EITC and estimate the amount of the credit with the Earned Income Tax Credit (EITC) Assistant. Form4868 Visit Understanding Your IRS Notice or Letter to get answers to questions about a notice or letter you received from the IRS. Form4868 If you received the First Time Homebuyer Credit, you can use the First Time Homebuyer Credit Account Look-up tool for information on your repayments and account balance. Form4868 Check the status of your amended return using Where's My Amended Return? Go to IRS. Form4868 gov and enter Where's My Amended Return? in the search box. Form4868 You can generally expect your amended return to be processed up to 12 weeks from the date we receive it. Form4868 It can take up to 3 weeks from the date you mailed it to show up in our system. Form4868 Make a payment using one of several safe and convenient electronic payment options available on IRS. Form4868 gov. Form4868 Select the Payment tab on the front page of IRS. Form4868 gov for more information. Form4868 Determine if you are eligible and apply for an online payment agreement, if you owe more tax than you can pay today. Form4868 Figure your income tax withholding with the IRS Withholding Calculator on IRS. Form4868 gov. Form4868 Use it if you've had too much or too little withheld, your personal situation has changed, you're starting a new job or you just want to see if you're having the right amount withheld. Form4868 Determine if you might be subject to the Alternative Minimum Tax by using the Alternative Minimum Tax Assistant on IRS. Form4868 gov. Form4868 Request an Electronic Filing PIN by going to IRS. Form4868 gov and entering Electronic Filing PIN in the search box. Form4868 Download forms, instructions and publications, including accessible versions for people with disabilities. Form4868 Locate the nearest Taxpayer Assistance Center (TAC) using the Office Locator tool on IRS. Form4868 gov, or choose the Contact Us option on the IRS2Go app and search Local Offices. Form4868 An employee can answer questions about your tax account or help you set up a payment plan. Form4868 Before you visit, check the Office Locator on IRS. Form4868 gov, or Local Offices under Contact Us on IRS2Go to confirm the address, phone number, days and hours of operation, and the services provided. Form4868 If you have a special need, such as a disability, you can request an appointment. Form4868 Call the local number listed in the Office Locator, or look in the phone book under United States Government, Internal Revenue Service. Form4868 Apply for an Employer Identification Number (EIN). Form4868 Go to IRS. Form4868 gov and enter Apply for an EIN in the search box. Form4868 Read the Internal Revenue Code, regulations, or other official guidance. Form4868 Read Internal Revenue Bulletins. Form4868 Sign up to receive local and national tax news and more by email. Form4868 Just click on “subscriptions” above the search box on IRS. Form4868 gov and choose from a variety of options. Form4868    Phone. Form4868 You can call the IRS, or you can carry it in your pocket with the IRS2Go app on your smart phone or tablet. Form4868 Download the free IRS2Go app from the iTunes app store or from Google Play. Form4868 Call to locate the nearest volunteer help site, 1-800-906-9887 or you can use the VITA Locator Tool on IRS. Form4868 gov, or download the IRS2Go app. Form4868 Low-to-moderate income, elderly, people with disabilities, and limited English proficient taxpayers can get free help with their tax return from the nationwide Volunteer Income Tax Assistance (VITA) program. Form4868 The Tax Counseling for the Elderly (TCE) program helps taxpayers age 60 and older with their tax returns. Form4868 Most VITA and TCE sites offer free electronic filing. Form4868 Some VITA and TCE sites provide IRS-certified volunteers who can help prepare your tax return. Form4868 Through the TCE program, AARP offers the Tax-Aide counseling program; call 1-888-227-7669 to find the nearest Tax-Aide location. Form4868 Call the automated Where's My Refund? information hotline to check the status of your 2013 refund 24 hours a day, 7 days a week at 1-800-829-1954. Form4868 If you e-file, you can start checking on the status of your return within 24 hours after the IRS receives your tax return or 4 weeks after you've mailed a paper return. Form4868 The IRS issues more than 9 out of 10 refunds in less than 21 days. Form4868 Where's My Refund? will give you a personalized refund date as soon as the IRS processes your tax return and approves your refund. Form4868 Before you call this automated hotline, have your 2013 tax return handy so you can enter your social security number, your filing status, and the exact whole dollar amount of your refund. Form4868 The IRS updates Where's My Refund? every 24 hours, usually overnight, so you only need to check once a day. Form4868 Note, the above information is for our automated hotline. Form4868 Our live phone and walk-in assistors can research the status of your refund only if it's been 21 days or more since you filed electronically or more than 6 weeks since you mailed your paper return. Form4868 Call the Amended Return Hotline, 1-866-464-2050, to check the status of your amended return. Form4868 You can generally expect your amended return to be processed up to 12 weeks from the date we receive it. Form4868 It can take up to 3 weeks from the date you mailed it to show up in our system. Form4868 Call 1-800-TAX-FORM (1-800-829-3676) to order current-year forms, instructions, publications, and prior-year forms and instructions (limited to 5 years). Form4868 You should receive your order within 10 business days. Form4868 Call TeleTax, 1-800-829-4477, to listen to pre-recorded messages covering general and business tax information. Form4868 If, between January and April 15, you still have questions about the Form 1040, 1040A, or 1040EZ (like filing requirements, dependents, credits, Schedule D, pensions and IRAs or self-employment taxes), call 1-800-829-1040. Form4868 Call using TTY/TDD equipment, 1-800-829-4059 to ask tax questions or order forms and publications. Form4868 The TTY/TDD telephone number is for people who are deaf, hard of hearing, or have a speech disability. Form4868 These individuals can also contact the IRS through relay services such as the Federal Relay Service. Form4868    Walk-in. Form4868 You can find a selection of forms, publications and services — in-person. Form4868 Products. Form4868 You can walk in to some post offices, libraries, and IRS offices to pick up certain forms, instructions, and publications. Form4868 Some IRS offices, libraries, and city and county government offices have a collection of products available to photocopy from reproducible proofs. Form4868 Services. Form4868 You can walk in to your local TAC for face-to-face tax help. Form4868 An employee can answer questions about your tax account or help you set up a payment plan. Form4868 Before visiting, use the Office Locator tool on IRS. Form4868 gov, or choose the Contact Us option on the IRS2Go app and search Local Offices for days and hours of operation, and services provided. Form4868    Mail. Form4868 You can send your order for forms, instructions, and publications to the address below. Form4868 You should receive a response within 10 business days after your request is received. Form4868  Internal Revenue Service 1201 N. Form4868 Mitsubishi Motorway Bloomington, IL 61705-6613    The Taxpayer Advocate Service Is Here to Help You. Form4868 The Taxpayer Advocate Service (TAS) is your voice at the IRS. Form4868 Our job is to ensure that every taxpayer is treated fairly and that you know and understand your rights. Form4868   What can TAS do for you? We can offer you free help with IRS problems that you can't resolve on your own. Form4868 We know this process can be confusing, but the worst thing you can do is nothing at all! TAS can help if you can't resolve your tax problem and: Your problem is causing financial difficulties for you, your family, or your business. Form4868 You face (or your business is facing) an immediate threat of adverse action. Form4868 You've tried repeatedly to contact the IRS but no one has responded, or the IRS hasn't responded by the date promised. Form4868   If you qualify for our help, you'll be assigned to one advocate who'll be with you at every turn and will do everything possible to resolve your problem. Form4868 Here's why we can help: TAS is an independent organization within the IRS. Form4868 Our advocates know how to work with the IRS. Form4868 Our services are free and tailored to meet your needs. Form4868 We have offices in every state, the District of Columbia, and Puerto Rico. Form4868   How can you reach us? If you think TAS can help you, call your local advocate, whose number is in your local directory and at Taxpayer Advocate, or call us toll-free at 1-877-777-4778. Form4868   How else does TAS help taxpayers?  TAS also works to resolve large-scale, systemic problems that affect many taxpayers. Form4868 If you know of one of these broad issues, please report it to us through our Systemic Advocacy Management System. Form4868 Low Income Taxpayer Clinics (LITCs) Low Income Taxpayer Clinics (LITCs) serve individuals whose income is below a certain level and need to resolve tax problems such as audits, appeals and tax collection disputes. Form4868 Some clinics can provide information about taxpayer rights and responsibilities in different languages for individuals who speak English as a second language. Form4868 Visit Taxpayer Advocate or see IRS Publication 4134, Low Income Taxpayer Clinic List. Form4868 Small Business Administration The Small Business Administration (SBA) offers training and educational programs, counseling services, financial programs, and contract assistance for small business owners. Form4868 The SBA also has publications and videos on a variety of business topics. Form4868 The following briefly describes assistance provided by the SBA. Form4868 Small Business Development Centers (SBDCs). Form4868   SBDCs provide counseling, training, and technical services to current and prospective small business owners who cannot afford the services of a private consultant. Form4868 Help is available when beginning, improving, or expanding a small business. Form4868 Business Information Centers (BICs). Form4868   BICs offer a small business reference library, management video tapes, and computer technology to help plan a business. Form4868 BICs also offer one-on-one assistance. Form4868 Individuals who are in business or are interested in starting a business can use BICs as often as they wish at no charge. Form4868 Service Corps of Retired Executives (SCORE). Form4868   SCORE provides small business counseling and training to current and prospective small business owners. Form4868 SCORE is made up of current and former business people who offer their expertise and knowledge to help people start, manage, and expand a small business. Form4868 SCORE also offers a variety of small business workshops. Form4868 Internet. Form4868    You can visit the SBA website at www. Form4868 sba. Form4868 gov. Form4868 While visiting the SBA website, you can find a variety of information of interest to small business owners. Form4868 Phone. Form4868    Call the SBA Answer Desk at 1-800-U-ASK-SBA (1-800-827-5722) for general information about programs available to assist small business owners. Form4868 Walk-in. Form4868   You can walk in to a Small Business Development Center or Business Information Center to request assistance with your small business. Form4868 To find the location nearest you, visit the SBA website or call the SBA Answer Desk. Form4868 Other Federal Agencies Other federal agencies also publish publications and pamphlets to assist small businesses. Form4868 Most of these are available from the Superintendent of Documents at the Government Printing Office. Form4868 You can get information and order these publications and pamphlets in several ways. Form4868 Internet. Form4868   You can visit the GPO website at  www. Form4868 access. Form4868 gpo. Form4868 gov. Form4868 Mail. Form4868   Write to the GPO at the following address. Form4868  Superintendent of Documents U. Form4868 S. Form4868 Government Printing Office P. Form4868 O. Form4868 Box 979050 St. Form4868 Louis, MO 63917-9000 Phone. Form4868   Call the GPO toll-free at 1-866-512-1800 or at 202-512-1800 from the Washington, DC, area. Form4868 Prev  Up  Next   Home   More Online Publications