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Free H & R Block Filing

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Free H & R Block Filing

Free h & r block filing 1. Free h & r block filing   Fuel Taxes Table of Contents Definitions Information Returns Registration RequirementsAdditional information. Free h & r block filing Gasoline and Aviation GasolineTaxable Events Gasoline Blendstocks Diesel Fuel and KeroseneTaxable Events Dyed Diesel Fuel and Dyed Kerosene Alaska and Feedstocks Back-up Tax Diesel-Water Fuel Emulsion Kerosene for Use in AviationTaxable Events Liability For Tax Surtax on any liquid used in a fractional ownership program aircraft as fuel Certificate for Commercial Aviation and Exempt UsesExempt use. Free h & r block filing Reseller statement. Free h & r block filing Other Fuels (Including Alternative Fuels)Taxable Events Compressed Natural Gas (CNG)Taxable Events Fuels Used on Inland WaterwaysFishing vessels. Free h & r block filing Deep-draft ocean-going vessels. Free h & r block filing Passenger vessels. Free h & r block filing Ocean-going barges. Free h & r block filing State or local governments. Free h & r block filing Cellulosic or Second Generation Biofuel Not Used as Fuel Biodiesel Sold as But Not Used as Fuel Definitions Excise taxes are imposed on all the following fuels. Free h & r block filing Gasoline, including aviation gasoline and gasoline blendstocks. Free h & r block filing Diesel fuel, including dyed diesel fuel. Free h & r block filing Diesel-water fuel emulsion. Free h & r block filing Kerosene, including dyed kerosene and kerosene used in aviation. Free h & r block filing Other Fuels (including alternative fuels). Free h & r block filing Compressed natural gas (CNG). Free h & r block filing Fuels used in commercial transportation on inland waterways. Free h & r block filing Any liquid used in a fractional ownership program aircraft as fuel. Free h & r block filing The following terms are used throughout the discussion of fuel taxes. Free h & r block filing Other terms are defined in the discussion of the specific fuels to which they pertain. Free h & r block filing Agri-biodiesel. Free h & r block filing   Agri-biodiesel means biodiesel derived solely from virgin oils, including esters derived from virgin vegetable oils from corn, soybeans, sunflower seeds, cottonseeds, canola, crambe, rapeseeds, safflowers, flaxseeds, rice bran, mustard seeds, and camelina, and from animal fats. Free h & r block filing Approved terminal or refinery. Free h & r block filing   This is a terminal operated by a registrant that is a terminal operator or a refinery operated by a registrant that is a refiner. Free h & r block filing Biodiesel. Free h & r block filing   Biodiesel means the monoalkyl esters of long chain fatty acids derived from plant or animal matter that meet the registration requirements for fuels and fuel additives established by the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) under section 211 of the Clean Air Act, and the requirements of the American Society of Testing Materials (ASTM) D6751. Free h & r block filing Blended taxable fuel. Free h & r block filing   This means any taxable fuel produced outside the bulk transfer/terminal system by mixing taxable fuel on which excise tax has been imposed and any other liquid on which excise tax has not been imposed. Free h & r block filing This does not include a mixture removed or sold during the calendar quarter if all such mixtures removed or sold by the blender contain less than 400 gallons of a liquid on which the tax has not been imposed. Free h & r block filing Blender. Free h & r block filing   This is the person that produces blended taxable fuel. Free h & r block filing Bulk transfer. Free h & r block filing   This is the transfer of taxable fuel by pipeline or vessel. Free h & r block filing Bulk transfer/terminal system. Free h & r block filing   This is the taxable fuel distribution system consisting of refineries, pipelines, vessels, and terminals. Free h & r block filing Fuel in the supply tank of any engine, or in any tank car, railcar, trailer, truck, or other equipment suitable for ground transportation is not in the bulk transfer/terminal system. Free h & r block filing Cellulosic biofuel. Free h & r block filing   Cellulosic biofuel means any liquid fuel produced from any lignocellulosic or hemicellulosic matter that is available on a renewable or recurring basis that meets the registration requirements for fuels and fuel additives established by the EPA under section 211 of the Clean Air Act. Free h & r block filing Cellulosic biofuel does not include any alcohol with a proof of less than 150 (without regard to denaturants). Free h & r block filing For fuels sold or used after December 31, 2009, cellulosic biofuel does not include fuel of which more than 4% (determined by weight) is any combination of water and sediment, fuel of which the ash content is more than 1%, or fuel that has an acid number greater than 25. Free h & r block filing Also see Second generation biofuel below. Free h & r block filing Diesel-water fuel emulsion. Free h & r block filing   A diesel-water fuel emulsion means an emulsion at least 14% of which is water. Free h & r block filing The emulsion additive used to produce the fuel must be registered by a United States manufacturer with the EPA under section 211 of the Clean Air Act as in effect on March 31, 2003. Free h & r block filing Dry lease aircraft exchange. Free h & r block filing   See later, under Surtax on any liquid used in a fractional ownership program aircraft as fuel. Free h & r block filing Enterer. Free h & r block filing   This is the importer of record (under customs law) for the taxable fuel. Free h & r block filing However, if the importer of record is acting as an agent, such as a customs broker, the person for whom the agent is acting is the enterer. Free h & r block filing If there is no importer of record, the owner at the time of entry into the United States is the enterer. Free h & r block filing Entry. Free h & r block filing   Taxable fuel is entered into the United States when it is brought into the United States and applicable customs law requires that it be entered for consumption, use, or warehousing. Free h & r block filing This does not apply to fuel brought into Puerto Rico (which is part of the U. Free h & r block filing S. Free h & r block filing customs territory), but does apply to fuel brought into the United States from Puerto Rico. Free h & r block filing Fractional ownership aircraft program and fractional program aircraft. Free h & r block filing   See later, under Surtax on any liquid used in a fractional ownership program aircraft as fuel. Free h & r block filing Measurement of taxable fuel. Free h & r block filing   Volumes of taxable fuel can be measured on the basis of actual volumetric gallons or gallons adjusted to 60 degrees Fahrenheit. Free h & r block filing Other fuels. Free h & r block filing   See Other Fuels (Including Alternative Fuels), later, and Alternative Fuel Credit and Alternative Fuel Mixture Credit in chapter 2. Free h & r block filing Pipeline operator. Free h & r block filing   This is the person that operates a pipeline within the bulk transfer/terminal system. Free h & r block filing Position holder. Free h & r block filing   This is the person that holds the inventory position in the taxable fuel in the terminal, as reflected in the records of the terminal operator. Free h & r block filing You hold the inventory position when you have a contractual agreement with the terminal operator for the use of the storage facilities and terminaling services for the taxable fuel. Free h & r block filing A terminal operator that owns taxable fuel in its terminal is a position holder. Free h & r block filing Rack. Free h & r block filing   This is a mechanism capable of delivering fuel into a means of transport other than a pipeline or vessel. Free h & r block filing Refiner. Free h & r block filing   This is any person that owns, operates, or otherwise controls a refinery. Free h & r block filing Refinery. Free h & r block filing   This is a facility used to produce taxable fuel and from which taxable fuel may be removed by pipeline, by vessel, or at a rack. Free h & r block filing However, this term does not include a facility where only blended fuel, and no other type of fuel, is produced. Free h & r block filing For this purpose, blended fuel is any mixture that would be blended taxable fuel if produced outside the bulk transfer/terminal system. Free h & r block filing Registrant. Free h & r block filing   This is a taxable fuel registrant (see Registration Requirements, later). Free h & r block filing Removal. Free h & r block filing   This is any physical transfer of taxable fuel. Free h & r block filing It also means any use of taxable fuel other than as a material in the production of taxable fuel or Other Fuels. Free h & r block filing However, taxable fuel is not removed when it evaporates or is otherwise lost or destroyed. Free h & r block filing Renewable diesel. Free h & r block filing   See Renewable Diesel Credits in chapter 2. Free h & r block filing Sale. Free h & r block filing   For taxable fuel not in a terminal, this is the transfer of title to, or substantial incidents of ownership in, taxable fuel to the buyer for money, services, or other property. Free h & r block filing For taxable fuel in a terminal, this is the transfer of the inventory position if the transferee becomes the position holder for that taxable fuel. Free h & r block filing Second generation biofuel. Free h & r block filing   This is any liquid fuel derived by, or from, qualified feedstocks, and meets the registration requirements for fuels and fuel additives established by the Environmental Protection Agency under section 211 of the Clean Air Act (42 U. Free h & r block filing S. Free h & r block filing C. Free h & r block filing 7545). Free h & r block filing It also includes certain liquid fuel which is derived by, or from, any cultivated algae, cyanobacteria, or lemna. Free h & r block filing It is not alcohol of less than 150 proof (disregard any added denaturants). Free h & r block filing See Form 6478 for more information. Free h & r block filing State. Free h & r block filing   This includes any state, any of its political subdivisions, the District of Columbia, and the American Red Cross. Free h & r block filing An Indian tribal government is treated as a state only if transactions involve the exercise of an essential tribal government function. Free h & r block filing Taxable fuel. Free h & r block filing   This means gasoline, diesel fuel, and kerosene. Free h & r block filing Terminal. Free h & r block filing   This is a storage and distribution facility supplied by pipeline or vessel, and from which taxable fuel may be removed at a rack. Free h & r block filing It does not include a facility at which gasoline blendstocks are used in the manufacture of products other than finished gasoline if no gasoline is removed from the facility. Free h & r block filing A terminal does not include any facility where finished gasoline, diesel fuel, or kerosene is stored if the facility is operated by a registrant and all such taxable fuel stored at the facility has been previously taxed upon removal from a refinery or terminal. Free h & r block filing Terminal operator. Free h & r block filing   This is any person that owns, operates, or otherwise controls a terminal. Free h & r block filing Throughputter. Free h & r block filing   This is any person that is a position holder or that owns taxable fuel within the bulk transfer/terminal system (other than in a terminal). Free h & r block filing Vessel operator. Free h & r block filing   This is the person that operates a vessel within the bulk transfer/terminal system. Free h & r block filing However, vessel does not include a deep draft ocean-going vessel. Free h & r block filing Information Returns Form 720-TO and Form 720-CS are information returns used to report monthly receipts and disbursements of liquid products. Free h & r block filing A liquid product is any liquid transported into storage at a terminal or delivered out of a terminal. Free h & r block filing For a list of products, see the product code table in the Instructions for Forms 720-TO and 720-CS. Free h & r block filing The returns are due the last day of the month following the month in which the transaction occurs. Free h & r block filing Generally, these returns can be filed on paper or electronically. Free h & r block filing For information on filing electronically, see Publication 3536, Motor Fuel Excise Tax EDI Guide. Free h & r block filing Publication 3536 is only available on the IRS website. Free h & r block filing Form 720-TO. Free h & r block filing   This information return is used by terminal operators to report receipts and disbursements of all liquid products to and from all approved terminals. Free h & r block filing Each terminal operator must file a separate form for each approved terminal. Free h & r block filing Form 720-CS. Free h & r block filing   This information return must be filed by bulk transport carriers (barges, vessels, and pipelines) who receive liquid product from an approved terminal or deliver liquid product to an approved terminal. Free h & r block filing Registration Requirements The following discussion applies to excise tax registration requirements for activities relating to fuels only. Free h & r block filing See Form 637 for other persons who must register and for more information about registration. Free h & r block filing Persons that are required to be registered. Free h & r block filing   You are required to be registered if you are a: Blender; Enterer; Pipeline operator; Position holder; Refiner; Terminal operator; Vessel operator; Producer or importer of alcohol, biodiesel, agri-biodiesel, and renewable diesel; or Producer of cellulosic or second generation biofuel. Free h & r block filing Persons that may register. Free h & r block filing   You may, but are not required to, register if you are a: Feedstock user, Industrial user, Throughputter that is not a position holder, Ultimate vendor, Diesel-water fuel emulsion producer, Credit card issuer, or Alternative fuel claimant. Free h & r block filing Ultimate vendors, credit card issuers, and alternative fuel claimants do not need to be registered to buy or sell fuel. Free h & r block filing However, they must be registered to file claims for certain sales and uses of fuel. Free h & r block filing See Form 637 for more information. Free h & r block filing Taxable fuel registrant. Free h & r block filing   This is an enterer, an industrial user, a refiner, a terminal operator, or a throughputter who received a Letter of Registration under the excise tax registration provisions and whose registration has not been revoked or suspended. Free h & r block filing The term registrant as used in the discussions of these fuels means a taxable fuel registrant. Free h & r block filing Additional information. Free h & r block filing   See the Form 637 instructions for the information you must submit when you apply for registration. Free h & r block filing Failure to register. Free h & r block filing   The penalty for failure to register if you must register, unless due to reasonable cause, is $10,000 for the initial failure, and then $1,000 each day thereafter you fail to register. Free h & r block filing Gasoline and Aviation Gasoline Gasoline. Free h & r block filing   Gasoline means all products commonly or commercially known or sold as gasoline with an octane rating of 75 or more that are suitable for use as a motor fuel. Free h & r block filing Gasoline includes any gasoline blend other than: Qualified ethanol and methanol fuel (at least 85 percent of the blend consists of alcohol produced from coal, including peat), Partially exempt ethanol and methanol fuel (at least 85 percent of the blend consists of alcohol produced from natural gas), or Denatured alcohol. Free h & r block filing Gasoline also includes gasoline blendstocks, discussed later. Free h & r block filing Aviation gasoline. Free h & r block filing   This means all special grades of gasoline suitable for use in aviation reciprocating engines and covered by ASTM specification D910 or military specification MIL-G-5572. Free h & r block filing Taxable Events The tax on gasoline is $. Free h & r block filing 184 per gallon. Free h & r block filing The tax on aviation gasoline is $. Free h & r block filing 194 per gallon. Free h & r block filing When used in a fractional ownership program aircraft, gasoline also is subject to a surtax of $. Free h & r block filing 141 per gallon. Free h & r block filing See Surtax on any liquid used in a fractional ownership program aircraft as fuel, later. Free h & r block filing Tax is imposed on the removal, entry, or sale of gasoline. Free h & r block filing Each of these events is discussed later. Free h & r block filing Also, see the special rules that apply to gasoline blendstocks, later. Free h & r block filing If the tax is paid on the gasoline in more than one event, a refund may be allowed for the “second” tax paid. Free h & r block filing See Refunds of Second Tax in chapter 2. Free h & r block filing Removal from terminal. Free h & r block filing   All removals of gasoline at a terminal rack are taxable. Free h & r block filing The position holder for that gasoline is liable for the tax. Free h & r block filing Two-party exchanges. Free h & r block filing   In a two-party exchange, the receiving person, not the delivering person, is liable for the tax imposed on the removal of taxable fuel from the terminal at the terminal rack. Free h & r block filing A two-party exchange means a transaction (other than a sale) where the delivering person and receiving person are both taxable fuel registrants and all of the following apply. Free h & r block filing The transaction includes a transfer from the delivering person, who holds the inventory position for the taxable fuel in the terminal as reflected in the records of the terminal operator. Free h & r block filing The exchange transaction occurs before or at the same time as removal across the rack by the receiving person. Free h & r block filing The terminal operator in its records treats the receiving person as the person that removes the product across the terminal rack for purposes of reporting the transaction on Form 720-TO. Free h & r block filing The transaction is subject to a written contract. Free h & r block filing Terminal operator's liability. Free h & r block filing   The terminal operator is jointly and severally liable for the tax if the position holder is a person other than the terminal operator and is not a registrant. Free h & r block filing   However, a terminal operator meeting all the following conditions at the time of the removal will not be liable for the tax. Free h & r block filing The terminal operator is a registrant. Free h & r block filing The terminal operator has an unexpired notification certificate (discussed later) from the position holder. Free h & r block filing The terminal operator has no reason to believe any information on the certificate is false. Free h & r block filing Removal from refinery. Free h & r block filing   The removal of gasoline from a refinery is taxable if the removal meets either of the following conditions. Free h & r block filing It is made by bulk transfer and the refiner, the owner of the gasoline immediately before the removal, or the operator of the pipeline or vessel is not a registrant. Free h & r block filing It is made at the refinery rack. Free h & r block filing The refiner is liable for the tax. Free h & r block filing Exception. Free h & r block filing   The tax does not apply to a removal of gasoline at the refinery rack if all the following requirements are met. Free h & r block filing The gasoline is removed from an approved refinery not served by pipeline (other than for receiving crude oil) or vessel. Free h & r block filing The gasoline is received at a facility operated by a registrant and located within the bulk transfer/terminal system. Free h & r block filing The removal from the refinery is by railcar. Free h & r block filing The same person operates the refinery and the facility at which the gasoline is received. Free h & r block filing Entry into the United States. Free h & r block filing   The entry of gasoline into the United States is taxable if the entry meets either of the following conditions. Free h & r block filing It is made by bulk transfer and the enterer or the operator of the pipeline or vessel is not a registrant. Free h & r block filing It is not made by bulk transfer. Free h & r block filing The enterer is liable for the tax. Free h & r block filing Importer of record's liability. Free h & r block filing   The importer of record is jointly and severally liable for the tax with the enterer if the importer of record is not the enterer of the taxable fuel and the enterer is not a taxable fuel registrant. Free h & r block filing   However, an importer of record meeting both of the following conditions at the time of the entry will not be liable for the tax. Free h & r block filing The importer of record has an unexpired notification certificate (discussed later) from the enterer. Free h & r block filing The importer of record has no reason to believe any information in the certificate is false. Free h & r block filing Customs bond. Free h & r block filing   The customs bond will not be charged for the tax imposed on the entry of the gasoline if at the time of entry the surety has an unexpired notification certificate from the enterer and has no reason to believe any information in the certificate is false. Free h & r block filing Removal from a terminal by unregistered position holder or unregistered pipeline or vessel operator. Free h & r block filing   The removal by bulk transfer of gasoline from a terminal is taxable if the position holder for the gasoline or the operator of the pipeline or vessel is not a registrant. Free h & r block filing The position holder is liable for the tax. Free h & r block filing The terminal operator is jointly and severally liable for the tax if the position holder is a person other than the terminal operator. Free h & r block filing However, see Terminal operator's liability under Removal from terminal, earlier, for an exception. Free h & r block filing Bulk transfers not received at approved terminal or refinery. Free h & r block filing   The removal by bulk transfer of gasoline from a terminal or refinery, or the entry of gasoline by bulk transfer into the United States, is taxable if the following conditions apply. Free h & r block filing No tax was previously imposed (as discussed earlier) on any of the following events. Free h & r block filing The removal from the refinery. Free h & r block filing The entry into the United States. Free h & r block filing The removal from a terminal by an unregistered position holder. Free h & r block filing Upon removal from the pipeline or vessel, the gasoline is not received at an approved terminal or refinery (or at another pipeline or vessel). Free h & r block filing   The owner of the gasoline when it is removed from the pipeline or vessel is liable for the tax. Free h & r block filing However, an owner meeting all the following conditions at the time of the removal will not be liable for the tax. Free h & r block filing The owner is a registrant. Free h & r block filing The owner has an unexpired notification certificate (discussed later) from the operator of the terminal or refinery where the gasoline is received. Free h & r block filing The owner has no reason to believe any information on the certificate is false. Free h & r block filing The operator of the facility where the gasoline is received is liable for the tax if the owner meets these conditions. Free h & r block filing The operator is jointly and severally liable if the owner does not meet these conditions. Free h & r block filing Sales to unregistered person. Free h & r block filing   The sale of gasoline located within the bulk transfer/terminal system to a person that is not a registrant is taxable if tax was not previously imposed under any of the events discussed earlier. Free h & r block filing   The seller is liable for the tax. Free h & r block filing However, a seller meeting all the following conditions at the time of the sale will not be liable for the tax. Free h & r block filing   The seller is a registrant. Free h & r block filing The seller has an unexpired notification certificate (discussed later) from the buyer. Free h & r block filing The seller has no reason to believe any information on the certificate is false. Free h & r block filing The buyer of the gasoline is liable for the tax if the seller meets these conditions. Free h & r block filing The buyer is jointly and severally liable if the seller does not meet these conditions. Free h & r block filing Exception. Free h & r block filing   The tax does not apply to a sale if all of the following apply. Free h & r block filing The buyer's principal place of business is not in the United States. Free h & r block filing The sale occurs as the fuel is delivered into a transport vessel with a capacity of at least 20,000 barrels of fuel. Free h & r block filing The seller is a registrant and the exporter of record. Free h & r block filing The fuel was exported. Free h & r block filing Removal or sale of blended gasoline. Free h & r block filing   The removal or sale of blended gasoline by the blender is taxable. Free h & r block filing See Blended taxable fuel under Definitions, earlier. Free h & r block filing   The blender is liable for the tax. Free h & r block filing The tax is figured on the number of gallons not previously subject to the tax on gasoline. Free h & r block filing   Persons who blend alcohol with gasoline to produce an alcohol fuel mixture outside the bulk transfer/terminal system must pay the gasoline tax on the volume of alcohol in the mixture. Free h & r block filing See Form 720 to report this tax. Free h & r block filing You also must be registered with the IRS as a blender. Free h & r block filing See Form 637. Free h & r block filing   However, if an untaxed liquid is sold as taxed taxable fuel and that untaxed liquid is used to produce blended taxable fuel, the person that sold the untaxed liquid is jointly and severally liable for the tax imposed on the blender's sale or removal of the blended taxable fuel. Free h & r block filing Notification certificate. Free h & r block filing   The notification certificate is used to notify a person of the registration status of the registrant. Free h & r block filing A copy of the registrant's letter of registration cannot be used as a notification certificate. Free h & r block filing A model notification certificate is shown in the Appendix as Model Certificate C. Free h & r block filing A notification certificate must contain all information necessary to complete the model. Free h & r block filing   The certificate may be included as part of any business records normally used for a sale. Free h & r block filing A certificate expires on the earlier of the date the registrant provides a new certificate, or the date the recipient of the certificate is notified that the registrant's registration has been revoked or suspended. Free h & r block filing The registrant must provide a new certificate if any information on a certificate has changed. Free h & r block filing Additional persons liable. Free h & r block filing   When the person liable for the tax willfully fails to pay the tax, joint and several liability for the tax is imposed on: Any officer, employee, or agent of the person who is under a duty to ensure the payment of the tax and who willfully fails to perform that duty, or Anyone who willfully causes the person to fail to pay the tax. Free h & r block filing Gasoline Blendstocks Gasoline blendstocks may be subject to $. Free h & r block filing 001 per gallon LUST tax as discussed below. Free h & r block filing Gasoline includes gasoline blendstocks. Free h & r block filing The previous discussions apply to these blendstocks. Free h & r block filing However, if certain conditions are met, the removal, entry, or sale of gasoline blendstocks are taxed at $. Free h & r block filing 001 per gallon or are not subject to the excise tax. Free h & r block filing Blendstocks. Free h & r block filing   Gasoline blendstocks are: Alkylate, Butane, Butene, Catalytically cracked gasoline, Coker gasoline, Ethyl tertiary butyl ether (ETBE), Hexane, Hydrocrackate, Isomerate, Methyl tertiary butyl ether (MTBE), Mixed xylene (not including any separated isomer of xylene), Natural gasoline, Pentane, Pentane mixture, Polymer gasoline, Raffinate, Reformate, Straight-run gasoline, Straight-run naphtha, Tertiary amyl methyl ether (TAME), Tertiary butyl alcohol (gasoline grade) (TBA), Thermally cracked gasoline, and Toluene. Free h & r block filing   However, gasoline blendstocks do not include any product that cannot be used without further processing in the production of finished gasoline. Free h & r block filing Not used to produce finished gasoline. Free h & r block filing   Gasoline blendstocks not used to produce finished gasoline are not taxable (other than LUST) if the following conditions are met. Free h & r block filing Removals and entries not connected to sale. Free h & r block filing   Nonbulk removals and entries are not taxable if the person otherwise liable for the tax (position holder, refiner, or enterer) is a registrant. Free h & r block filing Removals and entries connected to sale. Free h & r block filing   Nonbulk removals and entries are not taxable if the person otherwise liable for the tax (position holder, refiner, or enterer) is a registrant, and at the time of the sale, meets the following requirements. Free h & r block filing The person has an unexpired certificate (discussed later) from the buyer. Free h & r block filing The person has no reason to believe any information in the certificate is false. Free h & r block filing Sales after removal or entry. Free h & r block filing   The sale of a gasoline blendstock that was not subject to tax on its nonbulk removal or entry, as discussed earlier, is taxable. Free h & r block filing The seller is liable for the tax. Free h & r block filing However, the sale is not taxable if, at the time of the sale, the seller meets the following requirements. Free h & r block filing The seller has an unexpired certificate (discussed next) from the buyer. Free h & r block filing The seller has no reason to believe any information in the certificate is false. Free h & r block filing Certificate of buyer. Free h & r block filing   The certificate from the buyer certifies the gasoline blendstocks will not be used to produce finished gasoline. Free h & r block filing The certificate may be included as part of any business records normally used for a sale. Free h & r block filing A model certificate is shown in the Appendix as Model Certificate D. Free h & r block filing The certificate must contain all information necessary to complete the model. Free h & r block filing   A certificate expires on the earliest of the following dates. Free h & r block filing The date 1 year after the effective date (not earlier than the date signed) of the certificate. Free h & r block filing The date a new certificate is provided to the seller. Free h & r block filing The date the seller is notified that the buyer's right to provide a certificate has been withdrawn. Free h & r block filing The buyer must provide a new certificate if any information on a certificate has changed. Free h & r block filing   The IRS may withdraw the buyer's right to provide a certificate if that buyer uses the gasoline blendstocks in the production of finished gasoline or resells the blendstocks without getting a certificate from its buyer. Free h & r block filing Received at approved terminal or refinery. Free h & r block filing   The nonbulk removal or entry of gasoline blendstocks received at an approved terminal or refinery is not taxable if the person otherwise liable for the tax (position holder, refiner, or enterer) meets all the following requirements. Free h & r block filing The person is a registrant. Free h & r block filing The person has an unexpired notification certificate (discussed earlier) from the operator of the terminal or refinery where the gasoline blendstocks are received. Free h & r block filing The person has no reason to believe any information on the certificate is false. Free h & r block filing Bulk transfers to registered industrial user. Free h & r block filing   The removal of gasoline blendstocks from a pipeline or vessel is not taxable (other than LUST) if the blendstocks are received by a registrant that is an industrial user. Free h & r block filing An industrial user is any person that receives gasoline blendstocks by bulk transfer for its own use in the manufacture of any product other than finished gasoline. Free h & r block filing Credits or Refunds. Free h & r block filing   A credit or refund of the gasoline tax may be allowable if gasoline is used for a nontaxable purpose or exempt use. Free h & r block filing For more information, see chapter 2. Free h & r block filing Diesel Fuel and Kerosene Generally, diesel fuel and kerosene are taxed in the same manner as gasoline (discussed earlier). Free h & r block filing However, special rules (discussed later) apply to dyed diesel fuel and dyed kerosene, and to undyed diesel fuel and undyed kerosene sold or used in Alaska for certain nontaxable uses and undyed kerosene used for a feedstock purpose. Free h & r block filing Diesel fuel means: Any liquid that without further processing or blending is suitable for use as a fuel in a diesel-powered highway vehicle or train, and Transmix. Free h & r block filing A liquid is suitable for this use if the liquid has practical and commercial fitness for use in the propulsion engine of a diesel-powered highway vehicle or diesel-powered train. Free h & r block filing A liquid may possess this practical and commercial fitness even though the specified use is not the predominant use of the liquid. Free h & r block filing However, a liquid does not possess this practical and commercial fitness solely by reason of its possible or rare use as a fuel in the propulsion engine of a diesel-powered highway vehicle or diesel-powered train. Free h & r block filing Diesel fuel does not include gasoline, kerosene, excluded liquid, No. Free h & r block filing 5 and No. Free h & r block filing 6 fuel oils covered by ASTM specification D396, or F-76 (Fuel Naval Distillate) covered by military specification MIL-F-16884. Free h & r block filing An excluded liquid is either of the following. Free h & r block filing A liquid that contains less than 4% normal paraffins. Free h & r block filing A liquid with all the following properties. Free h & r block filing Distillation range of 125 degrees Fahrenheit or less. Free h & r block filing Sulfur content of 10 ppm or less. Free h & r block filing Minimum color of +27 Saybolt. Free h & r block filing Transmix means a by-product of refined products created by the mixing of different specification products during pipeline transportation. Free h & r block filing Kerosene. Free h & r block filing   This means any of the following liquids. Free h & r block filing One of the two grades of kerosene (No. Free h & r block filing 1-K and No. Free h & r block filing 2-K) covered by ASTM specification D3699. Free h & r block filing Kerosene-type jet fuel covered by ASTM specification D1655 or military specification MIL-DTL-5624T (Grade JP-5) or MIL-DTL-83133E (Grade JP-8). Free h & r block filing See Kerosene for Use in Aviation, later. Free h & r block filing   However, kerosene does not include excluded liquid, discussed earlier. Free h & r block filing   Kerosene also includes any liquid that would be described above but for the presence of a dye of the type used to dye kerosene for a nontaxable use. Free h & r block filing Diesel-powered highway vehicle. Free h & r block filing   This is any self-propelled vehicle designed to carry a load over public highways (whether or not also designed to perform other functions) and propelled by a diesel-powered engine. Free h & r block filing Specially designed mobile machinery for nontransportation functions and vehicles specially designed for off-highway transportation are generally not considered diesel-powered highway vehicles. Free h & r block filing For more information about these vehicles and for information about vehicles not considered highway vehicles, see Off-Highway Business Use (No. Free h & r block filing 2) in chapter 2. Free h & r block filing Diesel-powered train. Free h & r block filing   This is any diesel-powered equipment or machinery that rides on rails. Free h & r block filing The term includes a locomotive, work train, switching engine, and track maintenance machine. Free h & r block filing Taxable Events The tax on diesel fuel and kerosene is $. Free h & r block filing 244 per gallon. Free h & r block filing It is imposed on the removal, entry, or sale of diesel fuel and kerosene. Free h & r block filing Each of these events is discussed later. Free h & r block filing Only the $. Free h & r block filing 001 LUST tax applies to dyed diesel fuel and dyed kerosene, discussed later. Free h & r block filing If the tax is paid on the diesel fuel or kerosene in more than one event, a refund may be allowed for the “second” tax paid. Free h & r block filing See Refunds of Second Tax in chapter 2. Free h & r block filing Use in certain intercity and local buses. Free h & r block filing   Dyed diesel fuel and dyed kerosene cannot be used in certain intercity and local buses. Free h & r block filing A claim for $. Free h & r block filing 17 per gallon may be made by the registered ultimate vendor (under certain conditions) or the ultimate purchaser for undyed diesel fuel or undyed kerosene sold for use in certain intercity or local buses. Free h & r block filing An intercity or local bus is a bus engaged in furnishing (for compensation) passenger land transportation available to the general public. Free h & r block filing The bus must be engaged in one of the following activities. Free h & r block filing Scheduled transportation along regular routes regardless of the size of the bus. Free h & r block filing Nonscheduled transportation if the seating capacity of the bus is at least 20 adults (not including the driver). Free h & r block filing A bus is available to the general public if the bus is available for hire to more than a limited number of persons, groups, or organizations. Free h & r block filing Removal from terminal. Free h & r block filing   All removals of diesel fuel and kerosene at a terminal rack are taxable. Free h & r block filing The position holder for that fuel is liable for the tax. Free h & r block filing Two-party exchanges. Free h & r block filing   In a two-party exchange, the receiving person, not the delivering person, is liable for the tax imposed on the removal of taxable fuel from the terminal at the terminal rack. Free h & r block filing A two-party exchange means a transaction (other than a sale) where the delivering person and receiving person are both taxable fuel registrants and all of the following apply. Free h & r block filing The transaction includes a transfer from the delivering person, who holds the inventory position for the taxable fuel in the terminal as reflected in the records of the terminal operator. Free h & r block filing The exchange transaction occurs before or at the same time as completion of removal across the rack by the receiving person. Free h & r block filing The terminal operator in its records treats the receiving person as the person that removes the product across the terminal rack for purposes of reporting the transaction on Form 720-TO. Free h & r block filing The transaction is subject to a written contract. Free h & r block filing Terminal operator's liability. Free h & r block filing   The terminal operator is jointly and severally liable for the tax if the terminal operator provides any person with any bill of lading, shipping paper, or similar document indicating that diesel fuel or kerosene is dyed (discussed later). Free h & r block filing   The terminal operator is jointly and severally liable for the tax if the position holder is a person other than the terminal operator and is not a registrant. Free h & r block filing However, a terminal operator will not be liable for the tax in this situation if, at the time of the removal, the following conditions are met. Free h & r block filing The terminal operator is a registrant. Free h & r block filing The terminal operator has an unexpired notification certificate (discussed under Gasoline) from the position holder. Free h & r block filing The terminal operator has no reason to believe any information on the certificate is false. Free h & r block filing Removal from refinery. Free h & r block filing   The removal of diesel fuel or kerosene from a refinery is taxable if the removal meets either of the following conditions. Free h & r block filing It is made by bulk transfer and the refiner, the owner of the fuel immediately before the removal, or the operator of the pipeline or vessel is not a registrant. Free h & r block filing It is made at the refinery rack. Free h & r block filing The refiner is liable for the tax. Free h & r block filing Exception. Free h & r block filing   The tax does not apply to a removal of diesel fuel or kerosene at the refinery rack if all the following conditions are met. Free h & r block filing The diesel fuel or kerosene is removed from an approved refinery not served by pipeline (other than for receiving crude oil) or vessel. Free h & r block filing The diesel fuel or kerosene is received at a facility operated by a registrant and located within the bulk transfer/terminal system. Free h & r block filing The removal from the refinery is by: Railcar and the same person operates the refinery and the facility at which the diesel fuel or kerosene is received, or For diesel fuel only, a trailer or semi-trailer used exclusively to transport the diesel fuel from a refinery (described in (1)) to a facility (described in (2)) less than 20 miles from the refinery. Free h & r block filing Entry into the United States. Free h & r block filing   The entry of diesel fuel or kerosene into the United States is taxable if the entry meets either of the following conditions. Free h & r block filing It is made by bulk transfer and the enterer or the operator of the pipeline or vessel is not a registrant. Free h & r block filing It is not made by bulk transfer. Free h & r block filing The enterer is liable for the tax. Free h & r block filing Importer of record's liability. Free h & r block filing   The importer of record is jointly and severally liable for the tax with the enterer if the importer of record is not the enterer of the taxable fuel and the enterer is not a taxable fuel registrant. Free h & r block filing   However, an importer of record meeting both of the following conditions at the time of the entry will not be liable for the tax. Free h & r block filing The importer of record has an unexpired notification certificate (discussed under Gasoline) from the enterer. Free h & r block filing The importer of record has no reason to believe any information in the certificate is false. Free h & r block filing Customs bond. Free h & r block filing   The customs bond will not be charged for the tax imposed on the entry of the diesel fuel or kerosene if at the time of entry the surety has an unexpired notification certificate from the enterer and has no reason to believe any information in the certificate is false. Free h & r block filing Removal from a terminal by unregistered position holder or unregistered pipeline or vessel operator. Free h & r block filing   The removal by bulk transfer of diesel fuel or kerosene from a terminal is taxable if the position holder for that fuel or the operator of the pipeline or vessel is not a registrant. Free h & r block filing The position holder is liable for the tax. Free h & r block filing The terminal operator is jointly and severally liable for the tax if the position holder is a person other than the terminal operator. Free h & r block filing However, see Terminal operator's liability under Removal from terminal, earlier, for an exception. Free h & r block filing Bulk transfers not received at approved terminal or refinery. Free h & r block filing   The removal by bulk transfer of diesel fuel or kerosene from a terminal or refinery or the entry of diesel fuel or kerosene by bulk transfer into the United States is taxable if the following conditions apply. Free h & r block filing No tax was previously imposed (as discussed earlier) on any of the following events. Free h & r block filing The removal from the refinery. Free h & r block filing The entry into the United States. Free h & r block filing The removal from a terminal by an unregistered position holder. Free h & r block filing Upon removal from the pipeline or vessel, the diesel fuel or kerosene is not received at an approved terminal or refinery (or at another pipeline or vessel). Free h & r block filing   The owner of the diesel fuel or kerosene when it is removed from the pipeline or vessel is liable for the tax. Free h & r block filing However, an owner meeting all the following conditions at the time of the removal will not be liable for the tax. Free h & r block filing The owner is a registrant. Free h & r block filing The owner has an unexpired notification certificate (discussed under Gasoline) from the operator of the terminal or refinery where the diesel fuel or kerosene is received. Free h & r block filing The owner has no reason to believe any information on the certificate is false. Free h & r block filing The operator of the facility where the diesel fuel or kerosene is received is liable for the tax if the owner meets these conditions. Free h & r block filing The operator is jointly and severally liable if the owner does not meet these conditions. Free h & r block filing Sales to unregistered person. Free h & r block filing   The sale of diesel fuel or kerosene located within the bulk transfer/terminal system to a person that is not a registrant is taxable if tax was not previously imposed under any of the events discussed earlier. Free h & r block filing   The seller is liable for the tax. Free h & r block filing However, a seller meeting all the following conditions at the time of the sale will not be liable for the tax. Free h & r block filing The seller is a registrant. Free h & r block filing The seller has an unexpired notification certificate (discussed under Gasoline) from the buyer. Free h & r block filing The seller has no reason to believe any information on the certificate is false. Free h & r block filing The buyer of the diesel fuel or kerosene is liable for the tax if the seller meets these conditions. Free h & r block filing The buyer is jointly and severally liable if the seller does not meet these conditions. Free h & r block filing Exception. Free h & r block filing   The tax does not apply to a sale if all of the following apply. Free h & r block filing The buyer's principal place of business is not in the United States. Free h & r block filing The sale occurs as the fuel is delivered into a transport vessel with a capacity of at least 20,000 barrels of fuel. Free h & r block filing The seller is a registrant and the exporter of record. Free h & r block filing The fuel was exported. Free h & r block filing Removal or sale of blended diesel fuel or kerosene. Free h & r block filing   The removal or sale of blended diesel fuel or blended kerosene by the blender is taxable. Free h & r block filing Blended taxable fuel produced using biodiesel is subject to the tax. Free h & r block filing See Blended taxable fuel under Definitions, earlier. Free h & r block filing   The blender is liable for the tax. Free h & r block filing The tax is figured on the number of gallons not previously subject to the tax. Free h & r block filing   Persons who blend biodiesel with undyed diesel fuel to produce and sell or use a biodiesel mixture outside the bulk transfer/terminal system must pay the diesel fuel tax on the volume of biodiesel in the mixture. Free h & r block filing Generally, the biodiesel mixture must be diesel fuel (defined earlier). Free h & r block filing See Form 720 to report this tax. Free h & r block filing You also must be registered by the IRS as a blender. Free h & r block filing See Form 637 for more information. Free h & r block filing   However, if an untaxed liquid is sold as taxable fuel and that untaxed liquid is used to produce blended taxable fuel, the person that sold the untaxed liquid is jointly and severally liable for the tax imposed on the blender's sale or removal of the blended taxable fuel. Free h & r block filing Additional persons liable. Free h & r block filing   When the person liable for the tax willfully fails to pay the tax, joint and several liability for the tax applies to: Any officer, employee, or agent of the person who is under a duty to ensure the payment of the tax and who willfully fails to perform that duty; or Anyone who willfully causes the person to fail to pay the tax. Free h & r block filing Credits or Refunds. Free h & r block filing   A credit or refund is allowable for the tax on undyed diesel fuel or undyed kerosene used for a nontaxable use. Free h & r block filing For more information, see chapter 2. Free h & r block filing Dyed Diesel Fuel and Dyed Kerosene Dyed diesel fuel and dyed kerosene are subject to $. Free h & r block filing 001 per gallon LUST tax as discussed below, unless the fuel is for export. Free h & r block filing The excise tax is not imposed on the removal, entry, or sale of diesel fuel or kerosene (other than the LUST tax) if all the following tests are met. Free h & r block filing The person otherwise liable for tax (for example, the position holder) is a registrant. Free h & r block filing In the case of a removal from a terminal, the terminal is an approved terminal. Free h & r block filing The diesel fuel or kerosene satisfies the dyeing requirements (described next). Free h & r block filing Dyeing requirements. Free h & r block filing   Diesel fuel or kerosene satisfies the dyeing requirements only if it satisfies the following requirements. Free h & r block filing It contains the dye Solvent Red 164 (and no other dye) at a concentration spectrally equivalent to at least 3. Free h & r block filing 9 pounds of the solid dye standard Solvent Red 26 per thousand barrels of fuel or any dye of a type and in a concentration that has been approved by the Commissioner. Free h & r block filing Is indelibly dyed by mechanical injection. Free h & r block filing See section 6 of Notice 2005-80 for transition rules that apply until final regulations are issued by the IRS. Free h & r block filing Notice required. Free h & r block filing   A legible and conspicuous notice stating either: DYED DIESEL FUEL, NONTAXABLE USE ONLY, PENALTY FOR TAXABLE USE or DYED KEROSENE, NONTAXABLE USE ONLY, PENALTY FOR TAXABLE USE must be: Provided by the terminal operator to any person that receives dyed diesel fuel or dyed kerosene at a terminal rack of that operator, and Posted by a seller on any retail pump or other delivery facility where it sells dyed diesel fuel or dyed kerosene for use by its buyer. Free h & r block filing   The notice under item (1) must be provided by the time of the removal and must appear on all shipping papers, bills of lading, and similar documents accompanying the removal of the fuel. Free h & r block filing   Any seller that fails to post the required notice under item (2) is presumed to know that the fuel will be used for a taxable use (a use other than a nontaxable use listed later). Free h & r block filing That seller is subject to the penalty described next. Free h & r block filing Penalty. Free h & r block filing   A penalty is imposed on a person if any of the following situations apply. Free h & r block filing Any dyed fuel is sold or held for sale by the person for a use the person knows or has reason to know is not a nontaxable use of the fuel. Free h & r block filing Any dyed fuel is held for use or used by the person for a use other than a nontaxable use and the person knew, or had reason to know, that the fuel was dyed. Free h & r block filing The person willfully alters, chemically or otherwise, or attempts to so alter, the strength or composition of any dye in dyed fuel. Free h & r block filing The person has knowledge that a dyed fuel that has been altered, as described in (3) above, sells or holds for sale such fuel for any use for which the person knows or has reason to know is not a nontaxable use of the fuel. Free h & r block filing   The penalty is the greater of $1,000 or $10 per gallon of the dyed diesel fuel or dyed kerosene involved. Free h & r block filing After the first violation, the $1,000 portion of the penalty increases depending on the number of violations. Free h & r block filing   This penalty is in addition to any tax imposed on the fuel. Free h & r block filing   If the penalty is imposed, each officer, employee, or agent of a business entity who willfully participated in any act giving rise to the penalty is jointly and severally liable with that entity for the penalty. Free h & r block filing   There is no administrative appeal or review allowed for the third and subsequent penalty imposed by section 6715 on any person except for: Fraud or a mistake in the chemical analysis, or Mathematical calculation of the penalty. Free h & r block filing   If you are liable for the penalty, you may also be liable for the back-up tax, discussed later. Free h & r block filing However, the penalty applies only to dyed diesel fuel and dyed kerosene, while the back-up tax may apply to other fuels. Free h & r block filing The penalty may apply if the fuel is held for sale or use for a taxable use while the back-up tax does not apply unless the fuel is delivered into a fuel supply tank. Free h & r block filing Exception to penalty. Free h & r block filing   The penalty under item (3) will not apply in any of the following situations. Free h & r block filing Diesel fuel or kerosene meeting the dyeing requirements (described earlier) is blended with any undyed liquid and the resulting product meets the dyeing requirements. Free h & r block filing Diesel fuel or kerosene meeting the dyeing requirements (described earlier) is blended with any other liquid (other than diesel fuel or kerosene) that contains the type and amount of dye required to meet the dyeing requirements. Free h & r block filing The alteration or attempted alteration occurs in an exempt area of Alaska. Free h & r block filing See Removal for sale or use in Alaska, later. Free h & r block filing Diesel fuel or kerosene meeting the dyeing requirements (described earlier) is blended with diesel fuel or kerosene not meeting the dyeing requirements and the blending occurs as part of a nontaxable use (other than export), discussed later. Free h & r block filing Alaska and Feedstocks Tax of $. Free h & r block filing 001 per gallon is imposed on: Undyed diesel fuel or undyed kerosene sold or used in Alaska for certain nontaxable uses (see Later sales on page 10). Free h & r block filing Undyed kerosene used for feedstock purposes. Free h & r block filing Removal for sale or use in Alaska. Free h & r block filing   No tax is imposed on the removal, entry, or sale of diesel fuel or kerosene in Alaska for ultimate sale or use in certain areas of Alaska for certain nontaxable uses. Free h & r block filing The removal or entry of any diesel fuel or kerosene is not taxed if all the following requirements are satisfied. Free h & r block filing The person otherwise liable for the tax (position holder, refiner, or enterer): Is a registrant, Can show satisfactory evidence of the nontaxable nature of the transaction, and Has no reason to believe the evidence is false. Free h & r block filing In the case of a removal from a terminal, the terminal is an approved terminal. Free h & r block filing The owner of the fuel immediately after the removal or entry holds the fuel for its own use in a nontaxable use (discussed later) or is a qualified dealer. Free h & r block filing   If all three of the requirements above are not met, then tax is imposed at $. Free h & r block filing 244 per gallon. Free h & r block filing   A qualified dealer is any person that holds a qualified dealer license from the state of Alaska or has been registered by the IRS as a qualified retailer. Free h & r block filing Satisfactory evidence may include copies of qualified dealer licenses or exemption certificates obtained for state tax purposes. Free h & r block filing Later sales. Free h & r block filing   The excise tax applies to diesel fuel or kerosene sold by a qualified dealer after the removal or entry. Free h & r block filing The tax is imposed at the time of the sale and the qualified dealer is liable for the tax. Free h & r block filing However, the sale is not taxable (other than the LUST tax at $. Free h & r block filing 001 per gallon) if all the following requirements are met. Free h & r block filing The fuel is sold in Alaska for certain nontaxable uses. Free h & r block filing The buyer buys the fuel for its own use in a nontaxable use or is a qualified dealer. Free h & r block filing The seller can show satisfactory evidence of the nontaxable nature of the transaction and has no reason to believe the evidence is false. Free h & r block filing Feedstock purposes. Free h & r block filing   The $. Free h & r block filing 001 per gallon LUST tax is imposed on the removal or entry of undyed kerosene if all the following conditions are met. Free h & r block filing The person otherwise liable for tax (position holder, refiner, or enterer) is a registrant. Free h & r block filing In the case of a removal from a terminal, the terminal is an approved terminal. Free h & r block filing Either: The person otherwise liable for tax uses the kerosene for a feedstock purpose, or The kerosene is sold for use by the buyer for a feedstock purpose and, at the time of the sale, the person otherwise liable for tax has an unexpired certificate (described later) from the buyer and has no reason to believe any information on the certificate is false. Free h & r block filing   If all of the requirements above are not met, then tax is imposed at $. Free h & r block filing 244 per gallon. Free h & r block filing   Kerosene is used for a feedstock purpose when it is used for nonfuel purposes in the manufacture or production of any substance other than gasoline, diesel fuel, or Other Fuels. Free h & r block filing For example, kerosene is used for a feedstock purpose when it is used as an ingredient in the production of paint, but is not used for a feedstock purpose when it is used to power machinery at a factory where paint is produced. Free h & r block filing A feedstock user is a person that uses kerosene for a feedstock purpose. Free h & r block filing A registered feedstock user is a person that has been registered by the IRS as a feedstock user. Free h & r block filing See Registration Requirements, earlier. Free h & r block filing Later sales. Free h & r block filing   The excise tax ($. Free h & r block filing 244 per gallon) applies to kerosene sold for use by the buyer for a feedstock purpose (item (3)(b) above) if the buyer in that sale later sells the kerosene. Free h & r block filing The tax is imposed at the time of the later sale and that seller is liable for the tax. Free h & r block filing Certificate. Free h & r block filing   The certificate from the buyer certifies the buyer is a registered feedstock user and the kerosene will be used by the buyer for a feedstock purpose. Free h & r block filing The certificate may be included as part of any business records normally used for a sale. Free h & r block filing A model certificate is shown in the Appendix as Model Certificate G. Free h & r block filing Your certificate must contain all information necessary to complete the model. Free h & r block filing   A certificate expires on the earliest of the following dates. Free h & r block filing The date 1 year after the effective date (not earlier than the date signed) of the certificate. Free h & r block filing The date the seller is provided a new certificate or notice that the current certificate is invalid. Free h & r block filing The date the seller is notified the buyer's registration has been revoked or suspended. Free h & r block filing   The buyer must provide a new certificate if any information on a certificate has changed. Free h & r block filing Back-up Tax Tax is imposed on the delivery of any of the following into the fuel supply tank of a diesel-powered highway vehicle. Free h & r block filing Any dyed diesel fuel or dyed kerosene for other than a nontaxable use. Free h & r block filing Any undyed diesel fuel or undyed kerosene on which a credit or refund (for fuel used for a nontaxable purpose) has been allowed. Free h & r block filing Any liquid other than gasoline, diesel fuel, or kerosene. Free h & r block filing Generally, this back-up tax is imposed at a rate of $. Free h & r block filing 244 per gallon. Free h & r block filing Liability for tax. Free h & r block filing   Generally, the operator of the vehicle into which the fuel is delivered is liable for the tax. Free h & r block filing In addition, the seller of the diesel fuel or kerosene is jointly and severally liable for the tax if the seller knows or has reason to know that the fuel will be used for other than a nontaxable use. Free h & r block filing Exemptions from the back-up tax. Free h & r block filing   The back-up tax does not apply to a delivery of diesel fuel or kerosene for uses 1, 2, 6, 7, 12, 13, 14, and 15 listed under Definitions of Nontaxable Uses in chapter 2. Free h & r block filing   In addition, since the back-up tax is imposed only on the delivery into the fuel supply tank of a diesel-powered vehicle or train, the tax does not apply to diesel fuel or kerosene used as heating oil or in stationary engines. Free h & r block filing Diesel-Water Fuel Emulsion Diesel-water fuel emulsion means diesel fuel at least 14% of which is water and for which the emulsion additive is registered by a United States manufacturer with the EPA under section 211 of the Clean Air Act as in effect on March 31, 2003. Free h & r block filing A reduced tax rate of $. Free h & r block filing 198 per gallon is imposed on a diesel-water fuel emulsion. Free h & r block filing To be eligible for the reduced rate, the person who sells, removes, or uses the diesel-water fuel emulsion must be registered by the IRS. Free h & r block filing If the diesel-water fuel emulsion does not meet the requirements above, or if the person who sells, removes, or uses the fuel is not registered, the diesel-water fuel emulsion is taxed at $. Free h & r block filing 244 per gallon. Free h & r block filing Credits or refunds. Free h & r block filing   The allowance for a credit or refund on a diesel-water fuel emulsion is discussed in chapter 2. Free h & r block filing Kerosene for Use in Aviation Taxable Events Generally, kerosene is taxed at $. Free h & r block filing 244 per gallon unless a reduced rate applies (see Diesel Fuel and Kerosene, earlier). Free h & r block filing For kerosene removed directly from a terminal into the fuel tank of an aircraft for use in noncommercial aviation, the tax rate is $. Free h & r block filing 219. Free h & r block filing The rate of $. Free h & r block filing 219 also applies if kerosene is removed into any aircraft from a qualified refueler truck, tanker, or tank wagon that is loaded with the kerosene from a terminal that is located within an airport. Free h & r block filing The airport terminal does not need to be a secured airport terminal for this rate to apply. Free h & r block filing However, the refueler truck, tanker, or tank wagon must meet the requirements discussed under Certain refueler trucks, tankers, and tank wagons, treated as terminals, later. Free h & r block filing For kerosene removed directly into the fuel tank of an aircraft for use in commercial aviation, the rate of tax is $. Free h & r block filing 044 per gallon. Free h & r block filing For kerosene removed into an aircraft from a qualified refueler truck, tanker, or tank wagon, the $. Free h & r block filing 044 rate applies only if the truck, tanker, or tank wagon is loaded at a terminal that is located in a secured area of the airport. Free h & r block filing See Terminal located within a secured area of an airport, later. Free h & r block filing In addition, the operator must provide the position holder with a certificate similar to Model Certificate K in the Appendix. Free h & r block filing For kerosene removed directly into the fuel tank of an aircraft for a use exempt from tax under section 4041(c) (such as use in an aircraft for the exclusive use of a state or local government), the rate of tax is $. Free h & r block filing 001. Free h & r block filing There is no tax on kerosene removed directly into the fuel tank of an aircraft for use in foreign trade. Free h & r block filing The kerosene must be removed from a qualifying refueler truck, tanker, or tank wagon loaded at a terminal located within a secured area of an airport. Free h & r block filing See Terminal located within a secured area of an airport, later. Free h & r block filing In addition, the operator must provide the position holder with a certificate similar to Model Certificate K in the Appendix. Free h & r block filing The position holder is liable for the $. Free h & r block filing 001 per gallon tax. Free h & r block filing For kerosene removed directly from a terminal into the fuel tank of an fractional ownership program aircraft after March 31, 2012, a surtax of $. Free h & r block filing 141 per gallon applies. Free h & r block filing Certain refueler trucks, tankers, and tank wagons treated as terminals. Free h & r block filing   For purposes of the tax imposed on kerosene for use in aviation removed directly into the fuel tank of an aircraft for use in commercial aviation, certain refueler trucks, tankers, and tank wagons are treated as part of a terminal if the following conditions are met. Free h & r block filing Such terminal is located within an area of an airport. Free h & r block filing Any kerosene for use in aviation that is loaded in a refueler truck, tanker, or tank wagon at a terminal is for delivery into aircraft at the airport in which the terminal is located. Free h & r block filing Except in exigent circumstances, such as those identified in Notice 2005-80, no vehicle registered for highway use is loaded with kerosene for use in aviation at the terminal. Free h & r block filing The refueler truck, tanker, or tank wagon meets the following requirements: Has storage tanks, hose, and coupling equipment designed and used for fueling aircraft, Is not registered for highway use, and Is operated by the terminal operator or a person that makes a daily accounting to the terminal operator of each delivery of fuel from the refueler truck, tanker, or tank wagon. Free h & r block filing Information reporting will be required by terminal operators regarding this provision. Free h & r block filing Until the format of this information reporting is issued, taxpayers are required to retain records regarding the daily accounting, but are not required to report such information. Free h & r block filing Terminal located within a secured area of an airport. Free h & r block filing   See Notice 2005-4 and Notice 2005-80 for the list of terminals located within a secured area of an airport. Free h & r block filing This list refers to fueling operations at airport terminals as it applies to the federal excise tax on kerosene for use in aviation, and has nothing to do with the general security of airports either included or not included in the list. Free h & r block filing Liability For Tax If the kerosene is removed directly into the fuel tank of an aircraft for use in commercial aviation, the operator of the aircraft in commercial aviation is liable for the tax on the removal at the rate of $. Free h & r block filing 044 per gallon. Free h & r block filing However, the position holder is liable for the LUST tax for kerosene for use in aviation removed directly into the fuel tank of an aircraft for use exempt from tax under section 4041(c) (except foreign trade). Free h & r block filing For example, for kerosene removed directly into the aircraft for use in military aircraft, the position holder is liable for the tax. Free h & r block filing For the aircraft operator to be liable for the tax $. Free h & r block filing 044 rate, the position holder must meet the following requirements: Is a taxable fuel registrant, Has an unexpired certificate (a model certificate is shown in the Appendix as Model Certificate K) from the operator of the aircraft, and Has no reason to believe any of the information in the certificate is false. Free h & r block filing Commercial aviation. Free h & r block filing   Commercial aviation is any use of an aircraft in the business of transporting persons or property by air for pay. Free h & r block filing However, commercial aviation does not include any of the following uses. Free h & r block filing Any use exclusively for the purpose of skydiving. Free h & r block filing Certain air transportation by seaplane. Free h & r block filing See Seaplanes under Transportation of Persons by Air in chapter 4. Free h & r block filing Any use of an aircraft owned or leased by a member of an affiliated group and unavailable for hire by nonmembers. Free h & r block filing For more information, see Aircraft used by affiliated corporations under Special Rules on Transportation Taxes in chapter 4. Free h & r block filing Any use of an aircraft that has a maximum certificated takeoff weight of 6,000 pounds or less, unless the aircraft is operated on an established line. Free h & r block filing For more information, see Small aircraft under Special Rules on Transportation Taxes in chapter 4. Free h & r block filing Any use where the surtax on fuel used in a fractional ownership program aircraft is imposed. Free h & r block filing See Surtax on any liquid used in a fractional ownership program aircraft as fuel below. Free h & r block filing Surtax on any liquid used in a fractional ownership program aircraft as fuel Fuel used in a fractional ownership program aircraft (as defined below) after March 31, 2012, is subject to a surtax of $. Free h & r block filing 141 per gallon. Free h & r block filing The fractional ownership program manager is liable for the tax. Free h & r block filing The surtax applies in addition to any other taxes imposed on the removal, entry, use, or sale of the fuel. Free h & r block filing If the surtax is imposed, the following air transportation taxes do not apply. Free h & r block filing Transportation of persons by air. Free h & r block filing Transportation of property by air. Free h & r block filing Use of international air travel facilities. Free h & r block filing These taxes are described under Air Transportation Taxes, later. Free h & r block filing A fractional ownership program aircraft flight is considered noncommercial aviation, for the rules for kerosene used in noncommercial aviation, see Kerosene for Use in Aviation above. Free h & r block filing Fractional ownership aircraft program    is a program under which:  A single fractional ownership program manager provides fractional ownership program management services on behalf of the fractional owners; There are one or more fractional owners per fractional program aircraft, with at least one fractional program aircraft having more than one owner; For at least two fractional program aircraft, none of the ownership interests in the aircraft are less than the minimum fractional ownership interest or held by the program manager; There exists a dry-lease aircraft exchange arrangement among all of the fractional owners; and There are multi-year program agreements covering the fractional ownership, fractional ownership program management services, and dry-lease aircraft exchange aspects of the program. Free h & r block filing Fractional program aircraft. Free h & r block filing   Any aircraft that, in any fractional ownership aircraft program, is listed as a fractional program aircraft in the management specifications issued to the manager of such program by Federal Aviation Administration under subpart K of part 91 title 14, Code of Federal Regulations, and is registered in the U. Free h & r block filing S. Free h & r block filing   Fractional program aircraft are not considered used for transportation of a qualified fractional owner, or on account of such qualified fractional owner when they are used for flight demonstration, maintenance or crew training. Free h & r block filing In such situations, the flight is not commercial aviation. Free h & r block filing Instead, the tax on the fuel used in the flight is imposed at the non-commercial aviation rate. Free h & r block filing Fractional owner. Free h & r block filing   Any person owning any interest (including the entire interest) in a fractional program aircraft. Free h & r block filing Dry lease aircraft exchange. Free h & r block filing   An agreement, documented by the written program agreements, under which the fractional program aircraft are available, on an as-needed basis without crew, to each fractional owner. Free h & r block filing Special rule relating to deadhead service. Free h & r block filing   A fractional program aircraft will not be considered to be used on account of a qualified fractional owner when it is used in deadhead service and a person other than a qualified fractional owner is separately charged for such service. Free h & r block filing More information. Free h & r block filing   See section 4043 for more information on the surtax. Free h & r block filing Certificate for Commercial Aviation and Exempt Uses A certificate is required from the aircraft operator: To support aircraft operator liability for tax on removal of kerosene for use in aviation directly into the fuel tank of an aircraft in commercial aviation, or For exempt uses. Free h & r block filing Certificate. Free h & r block filing   The certificate may be included as part of any business records normally used for a sale. Free h & r block filing See Model Certificate K in the Appendix. Free h & r block filing   A certificate expires on the earliest of the following dates. Free h & r block filing The date 1 year after the effective date (not earlier than the date signed) of the certificate. Free h & r block filing The date the buyer provides the seller a new certificate or notice that the current certificate is invalid. Free h & r block filing The date the IRS or the buyer notifies the seller that the buyer's right to provide a certificate has been withdrawn. Free h & r block filing   The buyer must provide a new certificate if any information on a certificate has changed. Free h & r block filing   The IRS may withdraw the buyer's right to provide a certificate if the buyer uses the kerosene for use in aviation to which a certificate relates other than as stated in the certificate. Free h & r block filing Exempt use. Free h & r block filing   The rate on kerosene for use in aviation is $. Free h & r block filing 001 (LUST tax) if it is removed from any refinery or terminal directly into the fuel tank of an aircraft for an exempt use. Free h & r block filing An exempt use includes kerosene for the exclusive use of a state or local government. Free h & r block filing There is no tax on kerosene removed directly into the fuel tank of an aircraft for use in foreign trade. Free h & r block filing Flash title transaction. Free h & r block filing   A position holder is not liable for tax if, among other conditions, it obtains a certificate (described above) from the operator of the aircraft into which the kerosene is delivered. Free h & r block filing In a “flash title transaction” the position holder sells the kerosene to a wholesale distributor (reseller) that in turn sells the kerosene to the aircraft operator as the kerosene is being removed from a terminal into the fuel tank of an aircraft. Free h & r block filing In this case, the position holder will be treated as having a certificate from the operator of the aircraft if: The aircraft operator puts the reseller's name, address, and EIN on the certificate in place of the position holder's information; and The reseller provides the position holder with a statement of the kerosene reseller. Free h & r block filing Reseller statement. Free h & r block filing   This is a statement that is signed under penalties of perjury by a person with authority to bind the reseller; is provided at the bottom or on the back of the certificate (or in an attached document); and contains: The reseller's name, address, and EIN; The position holder's name, address, and EIN; and A statement that the reseller has no reason to believe that any information in the accompanying aircraft operator's certificate is false. Free h & r block filing Credits or Refunds. Free h & r block filing   A claim may be made by the ultimate purchaser (the operator) for taxed kerosene for use in aviation used in commercial aviation (other than foreign trade) and noncommercial aviation (other than nonexempt, noncommercial aviation and exclusive use by a state, political subdivision of a state, or the District of Columbia). Free h & r block filing A claim may be made by a registered ultimate vendor for certain sales. Free h & r block filing For more information, see chapter 2. Free h & r block filing Other Fuels (Including Alternative Fuels) Other Fuels means any liquid except gas oil, fuel oil, or any product taxable under section 4081. Free h & r block filing Other Fuels include alternative fuels. Free h & r block filing Alternative fuels are: Liquefied petroleum gas (LPG), “P Series” fuels, Compressed natural gas (CNG) (discussed later), Liquefied hydrogen, Any liquid fuel derived from coal (including peat) through the Fischer-Tropsch process, Liquid fuel derived from biomass, Liquefied natural gas (LNG), and Liquefied gas derived from biomass. Free h & r block filing Liquefied petroleum gas includes propane, butane, pentane, or mixtures of those products. Free h & r block filing Qualified methanol and ethanol fuels. Free h & r block filing   Qualified ethanol and methanol means any liquid at least 85 percent of which consists of alcohol produced from coal, including peat. Free h & r block filing The tax rates are listed in the Instructions for Form 720. Free h & r block filing Partially exempt methanol and ethanol fuels. Free h & r block filing   A reduced tax rate applies to these fuels. Free h & r block filing Partially exempt ethanol and methanol means any liquid at least 85 percent of which consists of alcohol produced from natural gas. Free h & r block filing The tax rates are listed in the Instructions for Form 720. Free h & r block filing Motor vehicles. Free h & r block filing   Motor vehicles include all types of vehicles, whether or not registered (or required to be registered) for highway use, that have both the following characteristics. Free h & r block filing They are propelled by a motor. Free h & r block filing They are designed for carrying or towing loads from one place to another, regardless of the type of material or load carried or t
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