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Free State Tax Service

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Free State Tax Service

Free state tax service Publication 584-B - Introductory Material Table of Contents What's New Introduction What's New The IRS has created a page on IRS. Free state tax service gov for information about Publication 584-B, at www. Free state tax service irs. Free state tax service gov/pub584b. Free state tax service Information about any future developments affecting Publication 584-B (such as legislation enacted after we released it) will be posted on that page. Free state tax service Introduction This workbook is designed to help you figure your loss on business and income-producing property in the event of a disaster, casualty, or theft. Free state tax service It contains schedules to help you figure the loss to your office furniture and fixtures, information systems, motor vehicles, office supplies, buildings, and equipment. Free state tax service These schedules, however, are for your information only. Free state tax service You must complete Form 4684, Casualties and Thefts, to report your loss. Free state tax service Prev  Up  Next   Home   More Online Publications
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The Free State Tax Service

Free state tax service 12. Free state tax service   Other Income Table of Contents Introduction Useful Items - You may want to see: Bartering Canceled DebtsInterest included in canceled debt. Free state tax service Exceptions Host or Hostess Life Insurance ProceedsSurviving spouse. Free state tax service Endowment Contract Proceeds Accelerated Death Benefits Public Safety Officer Killed in the Line of Duty Partnership Income S Corporation Income RecoveriesItemized Deduction Recoveries Rents from Personal Property RepaymentsMethod 1. Free state tax service Method 2. Free state tax service RoyaltiesDepletion. Free state tax service Coal and iron ore. Free state tax service Sale of property interest. Free state tax service Part of future production sold. Free state tax service Unemployment BenefitsTypes of unemployment compensation. Free state tax service Governmental program. Free state tax service Repayment of unemployment compensation. Free state tax service Tax withholding. Free state tax service Repayment of benefits. Free state tax service Welfare and Other Public Assistance Benefits Other IncomeEmotional distress. Free state tax service Deduction for costs involved in unlawful discrimination suits. Free state tax service Energy conservation measure. Free state tax service Dwelling unit. Free state tax service Current income required to be distributed. Free state tax service Current income not required to be distributed. Free state tax service How to report. Free state tax service Losses. Free state tax service Grantor trust. Free state tax service Nonemployee compensation. Free state tax service Corporate director. Free state tax service Personal representatives. Free state tax service Manager of trade or business for bankruptcy estate. Free state tax service Notary public. Free state tax service Election precinct official. Free state tax service Difficulty-of-care payments. Free state tax service Maintaining space in home. Free state tax service Reporting taxable payments. Free state tax service Lotteries and raffles. Free state tax service Form W-2G. Free state tax service Reporting winnings and recordkeeping. Free state tax service Inherited pension or IRA. Free state tax service Employee awards or bonuses. Free state tax service Pulitzer, Nobel, and similar prizes. Free state tax service Payment for services. Free state tax service VA payments. Free state tax service Prizes. Free state tax service Strike and lockout benefits. Free state tax service Introduction You must include on your return all items of income you receive in the form of money, property, and services unless the tax law states that you do not include them. Free state tax service Some items, however, are only partly excluded from income. Free state tax service This chapter discusses many kinds of income and explains whether they are taxable or nontaxable. Free state tax service Income that is taxable must be reported on your tax return and is subject to tax. Free state tax service Income that is nontaxable may have to be shown on your tax return but is not taxable. Free state tax service This chapter begins with discussions of the following income items. Free state tax service Bartering. Free state tax service Canceled debts. Free state tax service Sales parties at which you are the host or hostess. Free state tax service Life insurance proceeds. Free state tax service Partnership income. Free state tax service S Corporation income. Free state tax service Recoveries (including state income tax refunds). Free state tax service Rents from personal property. Free state tax service Repayments. Free state tax service Royalties. Free state tax service Unemployment benefits. Free state tax service Welfare and other public assistance benefits. Free state tax service These discussions are followed by brief discussions of other income items. Free state tax service Useful Items - You may want to see: Publication 525 Taxable and Nontaxable Income 544 Sales and Other Dispositions of Assets 4681 Canceled Debts, Foreclosures, Repossessions, and Abandonments Bartering Bartering is an exchange of property or services. Free state tax service You must include in your income, at the time received, the fair market value of property or services you receive in bartering. Free state tax service If you exchange services with another person and you both have agreed ahead of time on the value of the services, that value will be accepted as fair market value unless the value can be shown to be otherwise. Free state tax service Generally, you report this income on Schedule C (Form 1040), Profit or Loss From Business, or Schedule C-EZ (Form 1040), Net Profit From Business. Free state tax service However, if the barter involves an exchange of something other than services, such as in Example 3 below, you may have to use another form or schedule instead. Free state tax service Example 1. Free state tax service You are a self-employed attorney who performs legal services for a client, a small corporation. Free state tax service The corporation gives you shares of its stock as payment for your services. Free state tax service You must include the fair market value of the shares in your income on Schedule C (Form 1040) or Schedule C-EZ (Form 1040) in the year you receive them. Free state tax service Example 2. Free state tax service You are self-employed and a member of a barter club. Free state tax service The club uses “credit units” as a means of exchange. Free state tax service It adds credit units to your account for goods or services you provide to members, which you can use to purchase goods or services offered by other members of the barter club. Free state tax service The club subtracts credit units from your account when you receive goods or services from other members. Free state tax service You must include in your income the value of the credit units that are added to your account, even though you may not actually receive goods or services from other members until a later tax year. Free state tax service Example 3. Free state tax service You own a small apartment building. Free state tax service In return for 6 months rent-free use of an apartment, an artist gives you a work of art she created. Free state tax service You must report as rental income on Schedule E (Form 1040), Supplemental Income and Loss, the fair market value of the artwork, and the artist must report as income on Schedule C (Form 1040) or Schedule C-EZ (Form 1040) the fair rental value of the apartment. Free state tax service Form 1099-B from barter exchange. Free state tax service   If you exchanged property or services through a barter exchange, Form 1099-B, Proceeds From Broker and Barter Exchange Transactions, or a similar statement from the barter exchange should be sent to you by February 18, 2014. Free state tax service It should show the value of cash, property, services, credits, or scrip you received from exchanges during 2013. Free state tax service The IRS also will receive a copy of Form 1099-B. Free state tax service Canceled Debts In most cases, if a debt you owe is canceled or forgiven, other than as a gift or bequest, you must include the canceled amount in your income. Free state tax service You have no income from the canceled debt if it is intended as a gift to you. Free state tax service A debt includes any indebtedness for which you are liable or which attaches to property you hold. Free state tax service If the debt is a nonbusiness debt, report the canceled amount on Form 1040, line 21. Free state tax service If it is a business debt, report the amount on Schedule C (Form 1040) or Schedule C-EZ (Form 1040) (or on Schedule F (Form 1040), Profit or Loss From Farming, if the debt is farm debt and you are a farmer). Free state tax service Form 1099-C. Free state tax service   If a Federal Government agency, financial institution, or credit union cancels or forgives a debt you owe of $600 or more, you will receive a Form 1099-C, Cancellation of Debt. Free state tax service The amount of the canceled debt is shown in box 2. Free state tax service Interest included in canceled debt. Free state tax service   If any interest is forgiven and included in the amount of canceled debt in box 2, the amount of interest also will be shown in box 3. Free state tax service Whether or not you must include the interest portion of the canceled debt in your income depends on whether the interest would be deductible when you paid it. Free state tax service See Deductible debt under Exceptions, later. Free state tax service   If the interest would not be deductible (such as interest on a personal loan), include in your income the amount from Form 1099-C, box 2. Free state tax service If the interest would be deductible (such as on a business loan), include in your income the net amount of the canceled debt (the amount shown in box 2 less the interest amount shown in box 3). Free state tax service Discounted mortgage loan. Free state tax service   If your financial institution offers a discount for the early payment of your mortgage loan, the amount of the discount is canceled debt. Free state tax service You must include the canceled amount in your income. Free state tax service Mortgage relief upon sale or other disposition. Free state tax service   If you are personally liable for a mortgage (recourse debt), and you are relieved of the mortgage when you dispose of the property, you may realize gain or loss up to the fair market value of the property. Free state tax service To the extent the mortgage discharge exceeds the fair market value of the property, it is income from discharge of indebtedness unless it qualifies for exclusion under Excluded debt , later. Free state tax service Report any income from discharge of indebtedness on nonbusiness debt that does not qualify for exclusion as other income on Form 1040, line 21. Free state tax service    You may be able to exclude part of the mortgage relief on your principal residence. Free state tax service See Excluded debt, later. Free state tax service   If you are not personally liable for a mortgage (nonrecourse debt), and you are relieved of the mortgage when you dispose of the property (such as through foreclosure), that relief is included in the amount you realize. Free state tax service You may have a taxable gain if the amount you realize exceeds your adjusted basis in the property. Free state tax service Report any gain on nonbusiness property as a capital gain. Free state tax service   See Publication 4681 for more information. Free state tax service Stockholder debt. Free state tax service   If you are a stockholder in a corporation and the corporation cancels or forgives your debt to it, the canceled debt is a constructive distribution that is generally dividend income to you. Free state tax service For more information, see Publication 542, Corporations. Free state tax service   If you are a stockholder in a corporation and you cancel a debt owed to you by the corporation, you generally do not realize income. Free state tax service This is because the canceled debt is considered as a contribution to the capital of the corporation equal to the amount of debt principal that you canceled. Free state tax service Repayment of canceled debt. Free state tax service   If you included a canceled amount in your income and later pay the debt, you may be able to file a claim for refund for the year the amount was included in income. Free state tax service You can file a claim on Form 1040X if the statute of limitations for filing a claim is still open. Free state tax service The statute of limitations generally does not end until 3 years after the due date of your original return. Free state tax service Exceptions There are several exceptions to the inclusion of canceled debt in income. Free state tax service These are explained next. Free state tax service Student loans. Free state tax service   Certain student loans contain a provision that all or part of the debt incurred to attend the qualified educational institution will be canceled if you work for a certain period of time in certain professions for any of a broad class of employers. Free state tax service   You do not have income if your student loan is canceled after you agreed to this provision and then performed the services required. Free state tax service To qualify, the loan must have been made by: The Federal Government, a state or local government, or an instrumentality, agency, or subdivision thereof, A tax-exempt public benefit corporation that has assumed control of a state, county, or municipal hospital, and whose employees are considered public employees under state law, or An educational institution: Under an agreement with an entity described in (1) or (2) that provided the funds to the institution to make the loan, or As part of a program of the institution designed to encourage its students to serve in occupations with unmet needs or in areas with unmet needs and under which the services provided by the students (or former students) are for or under the direction of a governmental unit or a tax-exempt organization described in section 501(c)(3). Free state tax service   A loan to refinance a qualified student loan also will qualify if it was made by an educational institution or a qualified tax-exempt organization under its program designed as described in (3)(b) above. Free state tax service Education loan repayment assistance. Free state tax service   Education loan repayments made to you by the National Health Service Corps Loan Repayment Program (NHSC Loan Repayment Program), a state education loan repayment program eligible for funds under the Public Health Service Act, or any other state loan repayment or loan forgiveness program that is intended to provide for the increased availability of health services in underserved or health professional shortage areas are not taxable. Free state tax service    The provision relating to the “other state loan repayment or loan forgiveness program” was added to this exclusion for amounts received in tax years beginning after December 31, 2008. Free state tax service If you included these amounts in income in 2010, 2011, or 2012, you should file an amended tax return to exclude this income. Free state tax service See Form 1040X and its instructions for details on filing. Free state tax service Deductible debt. Free state tax service   You do not have income from the cancellation of a debt if your payment of the debt would be deductible. Free state tax service This exception applies only if you use the cash method of accounting. Free state tax service For more information, see chapter 5 of Publication 334, Tax Guide for Small Business. Free state tax service Price reduced after purchase. Free state tax service   In most cases, if the seller reduces the amount of debt you owe for property you purchased, you do not have income from the reduction. Free state tax service The reduction of the debt is treated as a purchase price adjustment and reduces your basis in the property. Free state tax service Excluded debt. Free state tax service   Do not include a canceled debt in your gross income in the following situations. Free state tax service The debt is canceled in a bankruptcy case under title 11 of the U. Free state tax service S. Free state tax service Code. Free state tax service See Publication 908, Bankruptcy Tax Guide. Free state tax service The debt is canceled when you are insolvent. Free state tax service However, you cannot exclude any amount of canceled debt that is more than the amount by which you are insolvent. Free state tax service See Publication 908. Free state tax service The debt is qualified farm debt and is canceled by a qualified person. Free state tax service See chapter 3 of Publication 225, Farmer's Tax Guide. Free state tax service The debt is qualified real property business debt. Free state tax service See chapter 5 of Publication 334. Free state tax service The cancellation is intended as a gift. Free state tax service The debt is qualified principal residence indebtedness. Free state tax service See Publication 525 for additional information. Free state tax service Host or Hostess If you host a party or event at which sales are made, any gift or gratuity you receive for giving the event is a payment for helping a direct seller make sales. Free state tax service You must report this item as income at its fair market value. Free state tax service Your out-of-pocket party expenses are subject to the 50% limit for meal and entertainment expenses. Free state tax service These expenses are deductible as miscellaneous itemized deductions subject to the 2%-of-AGI limit on Schedule A (Form 1040), but only up to the amount of income you receive for giving the party. Free state tax service For more information about the 50% limit for meal and entertainment expenses, see chapter 26. Free state tax service Life Insurance Proceeds Life insurance proceeds paid to you because of the death of the insured person are not taxable unless the policy was turned over to you for a price. Free state tax service This is true even if the proceeds were paid under an accident or health insurance policy or an endowment contract. Free state tax service However, interest income received as a result of life insurance proceeds may be taxable. Free state tax service Proceeds not received in installments. Free state tax service   If death benefits are paid to you in a lump sum or other than at regular intervals, include in your income only the benefits that are more than the amount payable to you at the time of the insured person's death. Free state tax service If the benefit payable at death is not specified, you include in your income the benefit payments that are more than the present value of the payments at the time of death. Free state tax service Proceeds received in installments. Free state tax service   If you receive life insurance proceeds in installments, you can exclude part of each installment from your income. Free state tax service   To determine the excluded part, divide the amount held by the insurance company (generally the total lump sum payable at the death of the insured person) by the number of installments to be paid. Free state tax service Include anything over this excluded part in your income as interest. Free state tax service Surviving spouse. Free state tax service   If your spouse died before October 23, 1986, and insurance proceeds paid to you because of the death of your spouse are received in installments, you can exclude up to $1,000 a year of the interest included in the installments. Free state tax service If you remarry, you can continue to take the exclusion. Free state tax service Surrender of policy for cash. Free state tax service   If you surrender a life insurance policy for cash, you must include in income any proceeds that are more than the cost of the life insurance policy. Free state tax service In most cases, your cost (or investment in the contract) is the total of premiums that you paid for the life insurance policy, less any refunded premiums, rebates, dividends, or unrepaid loans that were not included in your income. Free state tax service    You should receive a Form 1099-R showing the total proceeds and the taxable part. Free state tax service Report these amounts on lines 16a and 16b of Form 1040 or lines 12a and 12b of Form 1040A. Free state tax service More information. Free state tax service   For more information, see Life Insurance Proceeds in Publication 525. Free state tax service Endowment Contract Proceeds An endowment contract is a policy under which you are paid a specified amount of money on a certain date unless you die before that date, in which case, the money is paid to your designated beneficiary. Free state tax service Endowment proceeds paid in a lump sum to you at maturity are taxable only if the proceeds are more than the cost of the policy. Free state tax service To determine your cost, subtract any amount that you previously received under the contract and excluded from your income from the total premiums (or other consideration) paid for the contract. Free state tax service Include the part of the lump sum payment that is more than your cost in your income. Free state tax service Accelerated Death Benefits Certain amounts paid as accelerated death benefits under a life insurance contract or viatical settlement before the insured's death are excluded from income if the insured is terminally or chronically ill. Free state tax service Viatical settlement. Free state tax service   This is the sale or assignment of any part of the death benefit under a life insurance contract to a viatical settlement provider. Free state tax service A viatical settlement provider is a person who regularly engages in the business of buying or taking assignment of life insurance contracts on the lives of insured individuals who are terminally or chronically ill and who meets the requirements of section 101(g)(2)(B) of the Internal Revenue Code. Free state tax service Exclusion for terminal illness. Free state tax service    Accelerated death benefits are fully excludable if the insured is a terminally ill individual. Free state tax service This is a person who has been certified by a physician as having an illness or physical condition that can reasonably be expected to result in death within 24 months from the date of the certification. Free state tax service Exclusion for chronic illness. Free state tax service    If the insured is a chronically ill individual who is not terminally ill, accelerated death benefits paid on the basis of costs incurred for qualified long-term care services are fully excludable. Free state tax service Accelerated death benefits paid on a per diem or other periodic basis are excludable up to a limit. Free state tax service This limit applies to the total of the accelerated death benefits and any periodic payments received from long-term care insurance contracts. Free state tax service For information on the limit and the definitions of chronically ill individual, qualified long-term care services, and long-term care insurance contracts, see Long-Term Care Insurance Contracts under Sickness and Injury Benefits in Publication 525. Free state tax service Exception. Free state tax service   The exclusion does not apply to any amount paid to a person (other than the insured) who has an insurable interest in the life of the insured because the insured: Is a director, officer, or employee of the person, or Has a financial interest in the person's business. Free state tax service Form 8853. Free state tax service   To claim an exclusion for accelerated death benefits made on a per diem or other periodic basis, you must file Form 8853, Archer MSAs and Long-Term Care Insurance Contracts, with your return. Free state tax service You do not have to file Form 8853 to exclude accelerated death benefits paid on the basis of actual expenses incurred. Free state tax service Public Safety Officer Killed in the Line of Duty If you are a survivor of a public safety officer who was killed in the line of duty, you may be able to exclude from income certain amounts you receive. Free state tax service For this purpose, the term public safety officer includes law enforcement officers, firefighters, chaplains, and rescue squad and ambulance crew members. Free state tax service For more information, see Publication 559, Survivors, Executors, and Administrators. Free state tax service Partnership Income A partnership generally is not a taxable entity. Free state tax service The income, gains, losses, deductions, and credits of a partnership are passed through to the partners based on each partner's distributive share of these items. Free state tax service Schedule K-1 (Form 1065). Free state tax service    Although a partnership generally pays no tax, it must file an information return on Form 1065, U. Free state tax service S. Free state tax service Return of Partnership Income, and send Schedule K-1 (Form 1065) to each partner. Free state tax service In addition, the partnership will send each partner a copy of the Partner's Instructions for Schedule K-1 (Form 1065) to help each partner report his or her share of the partnership's income, deductions, credits, and tax preference items. Free state tax service Keep Schedule K-1 (Form 1065) for your records. Free state tax service Do not attach it to your Form 1040, unless you are specifically required to do so. Free state tax service For more information on partnerships, see Publication 541, Partnerships. Free state tax service Qualified joint venture. Free state tax service   If you and your spouse each materially participate as the only members of a jointly owned and operated business, and you file a joint return for the tax year, you can make a joint election to be treated as a qualified joint venture instead of a partnership. Free state tax service To make this election, you must divide all items of income, gain, loss, deduction, and credit attributable to the business between you and your spouse in accordance with your respective interests in the venture. Free state tax service For further information on how to make the election and which schedule(s) to file, see the instructions for your individual tax return. Free state tax service S Corporation Income In most cases, an S corporation does not pay tax on its income. Free state tax service Instead, the income, losses, deductions, and credits of the corporation are passed through to the shareholders based on each shareholder's pro rata share. Free state tax service Schedule K-1 (Form 1120S). Free state tax service   An S corporation must file a return on Form 1120S, U. Free state tax service S. Free state tax service Income Tax Return for an S Corporation, and send Schedule K-1 (Form 1120S) to each shareholder. Free state tax service In addition, the S corporation will send each shareholder a copy of the Shareholder's Instructions for Schedule K-1 (Form 1120S) to help each shareholder report his or her share of the S corporation's income, losses, credits, and deductions. Free state tax service Keep Schedule K-1 (Form 1120S) for your records. Free state tax service Do not attach it to your Form 1040, unless you are specifically required to do so. Free state tax service For more information on S corporations and their shareholders, see the Instructions for Form 1120S. Free state tax service Recoveries A recovery is a return of an amount you deducted or took a credit for in an earlier year. Free state tax service The most common recoveries are refunds, reimbursements, and rebates of deductions itemized on Schedule A (Form 1040). Free state tax service You also may have recoveries of non-itemized deductions (such as payments on previously deducted bad debts) and recoveries of items for which you previously claimed a tax credit. Free state tax service Tax benefit rule. Free state tax service   You must include a recovery in your income in the year you receive it up to the amount by which the deduction or credit you took for the recovered amount reduced your tax in the earlier year. Free state tax service For this purpose, any increase to an amount carried over to the current year that resulted from the deduction or credit is considered to have reduced your tax in the earlier year. Free state tax service For more information, see Publication 525. Free state tax service Federal income tax refund. Free state tax service   Refunds of federal income taxes are not included in your income because they are never allowed as a deduction from income. Free state tax service State tax refund. Free state tax service   If you received a state or local income tax refund (or credit or offset) in 2013, you generally must include it in income if you deducted the tax in an earlier year. Free state tax service The payer should send Form 1099-G, Certain Government Payments, to you by January 31, 2014. Free state tax service The IRS also will receive a copy of the Form 1099-G. Free state tax service If you file Form 1040, use the State and Local Income Tax Refund Worksheet in the 2013 Form 1040 instructions for line 10 to figure the amount (if any) to include in your income. Free state tax service See Publication 525 for when you must use another worksheet. Free state tax service   If you could choose to deduct for a tax year either: State and local income taxes, or State and local general sales taxes, then the maximum refund that you may have to include in income is limited to the excess of the tax you chose to deduct for that year over the tax you did not choose to deduct for that year. Free state tax service For examples, see Publication 525. Free state tax service Mortgage interest refund. Free state tax service    If you received a refund or credit in 2013 of mortgage interest paid in an earlier year, the amount should be shown in box 3 of your Form 1098, Mortgage Interest Statement. Free state tax service Do not subtract the refund amount from the interest you paid in 2013. Free state tax service You may have to include it in your income under the rules explained in the following discussions. Free state tax service Interest on recovery. Free state tax service   Interest on any of the amounts you recover must be reported as interest income in the year received. Free state tax service For example, report any interest you received on state or local income tax refunds on Form 1040, line 8a. Free state tax service Recovery and expense in same year. Free state tax service   If the refund or other recovery and the expense occur in the same year, the recovery reduces the deduction or credit and is not reported as income. Free state tax service Recovery for 2 or more years. Free state tax service   If you receive a refund or other recovery that is for amounts you paid in 2 or more separate years, you must allocate, on a pro rata basis, the recovered amount between the years in which you paid it. Free state tax service This allocation is necessary to determine the amount of recovery from any earlier years and to determine the amount, if any, of your allowable deduction for this item for the current year. Free state tax service For information on how to compute the allocation, see Recoveries in Publication 525. Free state tax service Itemized Deduction Recoveries If you recover any amount that you deducted in an earlier year on Schedule A (Form 1040), you generally must include the full amount of the recovery in your income in the year you receive it. Free state tax service Where to report. Free state tax service   Enter your state or local income tax refund on Form 1040, line 10, and the total of all other recoveries as other income on Form 1040, line 21. Free state tax service You cannot use Form 1040A or Form 1040EZ. Free state tax service Standard deduction limit. Free state tax service   You generally are allowed to claim the standard deduction if you do not itemize your deductions. Free state tax service Only your itemized deductions that are more than your standard deduction are subject to the recovery rule (unless you are required to itemize your deductions). Free state tax service If your total deductions on the earlier year return were not more than your income for that year, include in your income this year the lesser of: Your recoveries, or The amount by which your itemized deductions exceeded the standard deduction. Free state tax service Example. Free state tax service For 2012, you filed a joint return. Free state tax service Your taxable income was $60,000 and you were not entitled to any tax credits. Free state tax service Your standard deduction was $11,900, and you had itemized deductions of $14,000. Free state tax service In 2013, you received the following recoveries for amounts deducted on your 2012 return: Medical expenses $200 State and local income tax refund 400 Refund of mortgage interest 325 Total recoveries $925 None of the recoveries were more than the deductions taken for 2012. Free state tax service The difference between the state and local income tax you deducted and your local general sales tax was more than $400. Free state tax service Your total recoveries are less than the amount by which your itemized deductions exceeded the standard deduction ($14,000 − 11,900 = $2,100), so you must include your total recoveries in your income for 2013. Free state tax service Report the state and local income tax refund of $400 on Form 1040, line 10, and the balance of your recoveries, $525, on Form 1040, line 21. Free state tax service Standard deduction for earlier years. Free state tax service   To determine if amounts recovered in 2013 must be included in your income, you must know the standard deduction for your filing status for the year the deduction was claimed. Free state tax service Look in the instructions for your tax return from prior years to locate the standard deduction for the filing status for that prior year. Free state tax service Example. Free state tax service You filed a joint return on Form 1040 for 2012 with taxable income of $45,000. Free state tax service Your itemized deductions were $12,350. Free state tax service The standard deduction that you could have claimed was $11,900. Free state tax service In 2013, you recovered $2,100 of your 2012 itemized deductions. Free state tax service None of the recoveries were more than the actual deductions for 2012. Free state tax service Include $450 of the recoveries in your 2013 income. Free state tax service This is the smaller of your recoveries ($2,100) or the amount by which your itemized deductions were more than the standard deduction ($12,350 − $11,900 = $450). Free state tax service Recovery limited to deduction. Free state tax service   You do not include in your income any amount of your recovery that is more than the amount you deducted in the earlier year. Free state tax service The amount you include in your income is limited to the smaller of: The amount deducted on Schedule A (Form 1040), or The amount recovered. Free state tax service Example. Free state tax service During 2012 you paid $1,700 for medical expenses. Free state tax service From this amount you subtracted $1,500, which was 7. Free state tax service 5% of your adjusted gross income. Free state tax service Your actual medical expense deduction was $200. Free state tax service In 2013, you received a $500 reimbursement from your medical insurance for your 2012 expenses. Free state tax service The only amount of the $500 reimbursement that must be included in your income for 2013 is $200—the amount actually deducted. Free state tax service Other recoveries. Free state tax service   See Recoveries in Publication 525 if: You have recoveries of items other than itemized deductions, or You received a recovery for an item for which you claimed a tax credit (other than investment credit or foreign tax credit) in a prior year. Free state tax service Rents from Personal Property If you rent out personal property, such as equipment or vehicles, how you report your income and expenses is in most cases determined by: Whether or not the rental activity is a business, and Whether or not the rental activity is conducted for profit. Free state tax service In most cases, if your primary purpose is income or profit and you are involved in the rental activity with continuity and regularity, your rental activity is a business. Free state tax service See Publication 535, Business Expenses, for details on deducting expenses for both business and not-for-profit activities. Free state tax service Reporting business income and expenses. Free state tax service    If you are in the business of renting personal property, report your income and expenses on Schedule C or Schedule C-EZ (Form 1040). Free state tax service The form instructions have information on how to complete them. Free state tax service Reporting nonbusiness income. Free state tax service   If you are not in the business of renting personal property, report your rental income on Form 1040, line 21. Free state tax service List the type and amount of the income on the dotted line next to line 21. Free state tax service Reporting nonbusiness expenses. Free state tax service   If you rent personal property for profit, include your rental expenses in the total amount you enter on Form 1040, line 36. Free state tax service Also enter the amount and “PPR” on the dotted line next to line 36. Free state tax service   If you do not rent personal property for profit, your deductions are limited and you cannot report a loss to offset other income. Free state tax service See Activity not for profit , under Other Income, later. Free state tax service Repayments If you had to repay an amount that you included in your income in an earlier year, you may be able to deduct the amount repaid from your income for the year in which you repaid it. Free state tax service Or, if the amount you repaid is more than $3,000, you may be able to take a credit against your tax for the year in which you repaid it. Free state tax service Generally, you can claim a deduction or credit only if the repayment qualifies as an expense or loss incurred in your trade or business or in a for-profit transaction. Free state tax service Type of deduction. Free state tax service   The type of deduction you are allowed in the year of repayment depends on the type of income you included in the earlier year. Free state tax service You generally deduct the repayment on the same form or schedule on which you previously reported it as income. Free state tax service For example, if you reported it as self-employment income, deduct it as a business expense on Schedule C or Schedule C-EZ (Form 1040) or Schedule F (Form 1040). Free state tax service If you reported it as a capital gain, deduct it as a capital loss as explained in the Instructions for Schedule D (Form 1040). Free state tax service If you reported it as wages, unemployment compensation, or other nonbusiness income, deduct it as a miscellaneous itemized deduction on Schedule A (Form 1040). Free state tax service Repaid social security benefits. Free state tax service   If you repaid social security benefits or equivalent railroad retirement benefits, see Repayment of benefits in chapter 11. Free state tax service Repayment of $3,000 or less. Free state tax service   If the amount you repaid was $3,000 or less, deduct it from your income in the year you repaid it. Free state tax service If you must deduct it as a miscellaneous itemized deduction, enter it on Schedule A (Form 1040), line 23. Free state tax service Repayment over $3,000. Free state tax service   If the amount you repaid was more than $3,000, you can deduct the repayment (as explained under Type of deduction , earlier). Free state tax service However, you can choose instead to take a tax credit for the year of repayment if you included the income under a claim of right. Free state tax service This means that at the time you included the income, it appeared that you had an unrestricted right to it. Free state tax service If you qualify for this choice, figure your tax under both methods and compare the results. Free state tax service Use the method (deduction or credit) that results in less tax. Free state tax service When determining whether the amount you repaid was more or less than $3,000, consider the total amount being repaid on the return. Free state tax service Each instance of repayment is not considered separately. Free state tax service Method 1. Free state tax service   Figure your tax for 2013 claiming a deduction for the repaid amount. Free state tax service If you must deduct it as a miscellaneous itemized deduction, enter it on Schedule A (Form 1040), line 28. Free state tax service Method 2. Free state tax service   Figure your tax for 2013 claiming a credit for the repaid amount. Free state tax service Follow these steps. Free state tax service Figure your tax for 2013 without deducting the repaid amount. Free state tax service Refigure your tax from the earlier year without including in income the amount you repaid in 2013. Free state tax service Subtract the tax in (2) from the tax shown on your return for the earlier year. Free state tax service This is the credit. Free state tax service Subtract the answer in (3) from the tax for 2013 figured without the deduction (Step 1). Free state tax service   If method 1 results in less tax, deduct the amount repaid. Free state tax service If method 2 results in less tax, claim the credit figured in (3) above on Form 1040, line 71, by adding the amount of the credit to any other credits on this line, and entering “I. Free state tax service R. Free state tax service C. Free state tax service 1341” in the column to the right of line 71. Free state tax service   An example of this computation can be found in Publication 525. Free state tax service Repaid wages subject to social security and Medicare taxes. Free state tax service   If you had to repay an amount that you included in your wages or compensation in an earlier year on which social security, Medicare, or tier 1 RRTA taxes were paid, ask your employer to refund the excess amount to you. Free state tax service If the employer refuses to refund the taxes, ask for a statement indicating the amount of the overcollection to support your claim. Free state tax service File a claim for refund using Form 843, Claim for Refund and Request for Abatement. Free state tax service Repaid wages subject to Additional Medicare Tax. Free state tax service   Employers cannot make an adjustment or file a claim for refund for Additional Medicare Tax withholding when there is a repayment of wages received by an employee in a prior year because the employee determines liability for Additional Medicare Tax on the employee's income tax return for the prior year. Free state tax service If you had to repay an amount that you included in your wages or compensation in an earlier year, and on which Additional Medicare Tax was paid, you may be able to recover the Additional Medicare Tax paid on the amount. Free state tax service To recover Additional Medicare Tax on the repaid wages or compensation, you must file Form 1040X, Amended U. Free state tax service S. Free state tax service Individual Income Tax Return, for the prior year in which the wages or compensation were originally received. Free state tax service See the Instructions for Form 1040X. Free state tax service Royalties Royalties from copyrights, patents, and oil, gas, and mineral properties are taxable as ordinary income. Free state tax service In most cases you report royalties in Part I of Schedule E (Form 1040). Free state tax service However, if you hold an operating oil, gas, or mineral interest or are in business as a self-employed writer, inventor, artist, etc. Free state tax service , report your income and expenses on Schedule C or Schedule C-EZ (Form 1040). Free state tax service Copyrights and patents. Free state tax service   Royalties from copyrights on literary, musical, or artistic works, and similar property, or from patents on inventions, are amounts paid to you for the right to use your work over a specified period of time. Free state tax service Royalties generally are based on the number of units sold, such as the number of books, tickets to a performance, or machines sold. Free state tax service Oil, gas, and minerals. Free state tax service   Royalty income from oil, gas, and mineral properties is the amount you receive when natural resources are extracted from your property. Free state tax service The royalties are based on units, such as barrels, tons, etc. Free state tax service , and are paid to you by a person or company who leases the property from you. Free state tax service Depletion. Free state tax service   If you are the owner of an economic interest in mineral deposits or oil and gas wells, you can recover your investment through the depletion allowance. Free state tax service For information on this subject, see chapter 9 of Publication 535. Free state tax service Coal and iron ore. Free state tax service   Under certain circumstances, you can treat amounts you receive from the disposal of coal and iron ore as payments from the sale of a capital asset, rather than as royalty income. Free state tax service For information about gain or loss from the sale of coal and iron ore, see Publication 544. Free state tax service Sale of property interest. Free state tax service   If you sell your complete interest in oil, gas, or mineral rights, the amount you receive is considered payment for the sale of property used in a trade or business under section 1231, not royalty income. Free state tax service Under certain circumstances, the sale is subject to capital gain or loss treatment as explained in the Instructions for Schedule D (Form 1040). Free state tax service For more information on selling section 1231 property, see chapter 3 of Publication 544. Free state tax service   If you retain a royalty, an overriding royalty, or a net profit interest in a mineral property for the life of the property, you have made a lease or a sublease, and any cash you receive for the assignment of other interests in the property is ordinary income subject to a depletion allowance. Free state tax service Part of future production sold. Free state tax service   If you own mineral property but sell part of the future production, in most cases you treat the money you receive from the buyer at the time of the sale as a loan from the buyer. Free state tax service Do not include it in your income or take depletion based on it. Free state tax service   When production begins, you include all the proceeds in your income, deduct all the production expenses, and deduct depletion from that amount to arrive at your taxable income from the property. Free state tax service Unemployment Benefits The tax treatment of unemployment benefits you receive depends on the type of program paying the benefits. Free state tax service Unemployment compensation. Free state tax service   You must include in income all unemployment compensation you receive. Free state tax service You should receive a Form 1099-G showing in box 1 the total unemployment compensation paid to you. Free state tax service In most cases, you enter unemployment compensation on line 19 of Form 1040, line 13 of Form 1040A, or line 3 of Form 1040EZ. Free state tax service Types of unemployment compensation. Free state tax service   Unemployment compensation generally includes any amount received under an unemployment compensation law of the United States or of a state. Free state tax service It includes the following benefits. Free state tax service Benefits paid by a state or the District of Columbia from the Federal Unemployment Trust Fund. Free state tax service State unemployment insurance benefits. Free state tax service Railroad unemployment compensation benefits. Free state tax service Disability payments from a government program paid as a substitute for unemployment compensation. Free state tax service (Amounts received as workers' compensation for injuries or illness are not unemployment compensation. Free state tax service See chapter 5 for more information. Free state tax service ) Trade readjustment allowances under the Trade Act of 1974. Free state tax service Unemployment assistance under the Disaster Relief and Emergency Assistance Act. Free state tax service Unemployment assistance under the Airline Deregulation Act of 1974 Program. Free state tax service Governmental program. Free state tax service   If you contribute to a governmental unemployment compensation program and your contributions are not deductible, amounts you receive under the program are not included as unemployment compensation until you recover your contributions. Free state tax service If you deducted all of your contributions to the program, the entire amount you receive under the program is included in your income. Free state tax service Repayment of unemployment compensation. Free state tax service   If you repaid in 2013 unemployment compensation you received in 2013, subtract the amount you repaid from the total amount you received and enter the difference on line 19 of Form 1040, line 13 of Form 1040A, or line 3 of Form 1040EZ. Free state tax service On the dotted line next to your entry enter “Repaid” and the amount you repaid. Free state tax service If you repaid unemployment compensation in 2013 that you included in income in an earlier year, you can deduct the amount repaid on Schedule A (Form 1040), line 23, if you itemize deductions. Free state tax service If the amount is more than $3,000, see Repayments , earlier. Free state tax service Tax withholding. Free state tax service   You can choose to have federal income tax withheld from your unemployment compensation. Free state tax service To make this choice, complete Form W-4V, Voluntary Withholding Request, and give it to the paying office. Free state tax service Tax will be withheld at 10% of your payment. Free state tax service    If you do not choose to have tax withheld from your unemployment compensation, you may be liable for estimated tax. Free state tax service If you do not pay enough tax, either through withholding or estimated tax, or a combination of both, you may have to pay a penalty. Free state tax service For more information on estimated tax, see chapter 4. Free state tax service Supplemental unemployment benefits. Free state tax service   Benefits received from an employer-financed fund (to which the employees did not contribute) are not unemployment compensation. Free state tax service They are taxable as wages and are subject to withholding for income tax. Free state tax service They may be subject to social security and Medicare taxes. Free state tax service For more information, see Supplemental Unemployment Benefits in section 5 of Publication 15-A, Employer's Supplemental Tax Guide. Free state tax service Report these payments on line 7 of Form 1040 or Form 1040A or on line 1 of Form 1040EZ. Free state tax service Repayment of benefits. Free state tax service   You may have to repay some of your supplemental unemployment benefits to qualify for trade readjustment allowances under the Trade Act of 1974. Free state tax service If you repay supplemental unemployment benefits in the same year you receive them, reduce the total benefits by the amount you repay. Free state tax service If you repay the benefits in a later year, you must include the full amount of the benefits received in your income for the year you received them. Free state tax service   Deduct the repayment in the later year as an adjustment to gross income on Form 1040. Free state tax service (You cannot use Form 1040A or Form 1040EZ. Free state tax service ) Include the repayment on Form 1040, line 36, and enter “Sub-Pay TRA” and the amount on the dotted line next to line 36. Free state tax service If the amount you repay in a later year is more than $3,000, you may be able to take a credit against your tax for the later year instead of deducting the amount repaid. Free state tax service For more information on this, see Repayments , earlier. Free state tax service Private unemployment fund. Free state tax service   Unemployment benefit payments from a private (nonunion) fund to which you voluntarily contribute are taxable only if the amounts you receive are more than your total payments into the fund. Free state tax service Report the taxable amount on Form 1040, line 21. Free state tax service Payments by a union. Free state tax service   Benefits paid to you as an unemployed member of a union from regular union dues are included in your income on Form 1040, line 21. Free state tax service However, if you contribute to a special union fund and your payments to the fund are not deductible, the unemployment benefits you receive from the fund are includible in your income only to the extent they are more than your contributions. Free state tax service Guaranteed annual wage. Free state tax service   Payments you receive from your employer during periods of unemployment, under a union agreement that guarantees you full pay during the year, are taxable as wages. Free state tax service Include them on line 7 of Form 1040 or Form 1040A or on line 1 of Form 1040EZ. Free state tax service State employees. Free state tax service   Payments similar to a state's unemployment compensation may be made by the state to its employees who are not covered by the state's unemployment compensation law. Free state tax service Although the payments are fully taxable, do not report them as unemployment compensation. Free state tax service Report these payments on Form 1040, line 21. Free state tax service Welfare and Other Public Assistance Benefits Do not include in your income governmental benefit payments from a public welfare fund based upon need, such as payments to blind individuals under a state public assistance law. Free state tax service Payments from a state fund for the victims of crime should not be included in the victims' incomes if they are in the nature of welfare payments. Free state tax service Do not deduct medical expenses that are reimbursed by such a fund. Free state tax service You must include in your income any welfare payments that are compensation for services or that are obtained fraudulently. Free state tax service Reemployment Trade Adjustment Assistance (RTAA) payments. Free state tax service   RTAA payments received from a state must be included in your income. Free state tax service The state must send you Form 1099-G to advise you of the amount you should include in income. Free state tax service The amount should be reported on Form 1040, line 21. Free state tax service Persons with disabilities. Free state tax service   If you have a disability, you must include in income compensation you receive for services you perform unless the compensation is otherwise excluded. Free state tax service However, you do not include in income the value of goods, services, and cash that you receive, not in return for your services, but for your training and rehabilitation because you have a disability. Free state tax service Excludable amounts include payments for transportation and attendant care, such as interpreter services for the deaf, reader services for the blind, and services to help individuals with an intellectual disability do their work. Free state tax service Disaster relief grants. Free state tax service    Do not include post-disaster grants received under the Robert T. Free state tax service Stafford Disaster Relief and Emergency Assistance Act in your income if the grant payments are made to help you meet necessary expenses or serious needs for medical, dental, housing, personal property, transportation, child care, or funeral expenses. Free state tax service Do not deduct casualty losses or medical expenses that are specifically reimbursed by these disaster relief grants. Free state tax service If you have deducted a casualty loss for the loss of your personal residence and you later receive a disaster relief grant for the loss of the same residence, you may have to include part or all of the grant in your taxable income. Free state tax service See Recoveries , earlier. Free state tax service Unemployment assistance payments under the Act are taxable unemployment compensation. Free state tax service See Unemployment compensation under Unemployment Benefits, earlier. Free state tax service Disaster relief payments. Free state tax service   You can exclude from income any amount you receive that is a qualified disaster relief payment. Free state tax service A qualified disaster relief payment is an amount paid to you: To reimburse or pay reasonable and necessary personal, family, living, or funeral expenses that result from a qualified disaster; To reimburse or pay reasonable and necessary expenses incurred for the repair or rehabilitation of your home or repair or replacement of its contents to the extent it is due to a qualified disaster; By a person engaged in the furnishing or sale of transportation as a common carrier because of the death or personal physical injuries incurred as a result of a qualified disaster; or By a federal, state, or local government, or agency, or instrumentality in connection with a qualified disaster in order to promote the general welfare. Free state tax service You can exclude this amount only to the extent any expense it pays for is not paid for by insurance or otherwise. Free state tax service The exclusion does not apply if you were a participant or conspirator in a terrorist action or a representative of one. Free state tax service   A qualified disaster is: A disaster which results from a terrorist or military action; A federally declared disaster; or A disaster which results from an accident involving a common carrier, or from any other event, which is determined to be catastrophic by the Secretary of the Treasury or his or her delegate. Free state tax service   For amounts paid under item (4), a disaster is qualified if it is determined by an applicable federal, state, or local authority to warrant assistance from the federal, state, or local government, agency, or instrumentality. Free state tax service Disaster mitigation payments. Free state tax service   You also can exclude from income any amount you receive that is a qualified disaster mitigation payment. Free state tax service Qualified disaster mitigation payments are also most commonly paid to you in the period immediately following damage to property as a result of a natural disaster. Free state tax service However, disaster mitigation payments are used to mitigate (reduce the severity of) potential damage from future natural disasters. Free state tax service They are paid to you through state and local governments based on the provisions of the Robert T. Free state tax service Stafford Disaster Relief and Emergency Assistance Act or the National Flood Insurance Act. Free state tax service   You cannot increase the basis or adjusted basis of your property for improvements made with nontaxable disaster mitigation payments. Free state tax service Home Affordable Modification Program (HAMP). Free state tax service   If you benefit from Pay-for-Performance Success Payments under HAMP, the payments are not taxable. Free state tax service Mortgage assistance payments under section 235 of the National Housing Act. Free state tax service   Payments made under section 235 of the National Housing Act for mortgage assistance are not included in the homeowner's income. Free state tax service Interest paid for the homeowner under the mortgage assistance program cannot be deducted. Free state tax service Medicare. Free state tax service   Medicare benefits received under title XVIII of the Social Security Act are not includible in the gross income of the individuals for whom they are paid. Free state tax service This includes basic (part A (Hospital Insurance Benefits for the Aged)) and supplementary (part B (Supplementary Medical Insurance Benefits for the Aged)). Free state tax service Old-age, survivors, and disability insurance benefits (OASDI). Free state tax service   Generally, OASDI payments under section 202 of title II of the Social Security Act are not includible in the gross income of the individuals to whom they are paid. Free state tax service This applies to old-age insurance benefits, and insurance benefits for wives, husbands, children, widows, widowers, mothers and fathers, and parents, as well as the lump-sum death payment. Free state tax service Nutrition Program for the Elderly. Free state tax service    Food benefits you receive under the Nutrition Program for the Elderly are not taxable. Free state tax service If you prepare and serve free meals for the program, include in your income as wages the cash pay you receive, even if you are also eligible for food benefits. Free state tax service Payments to reduce cost of winter energy. Free state tax service   Payments made by a state to qualified people to reduce their cost of winter energy use are not taxable. Free state tax service Other Income The following brief discussions are arranged in alphabetical order. Free state tax service Other income items briefly discussed below are referenced to publications which provide more topical information. Free state tax service Activity not for profit. Free state tax service   You must include on your return income from an activity from which you do not expect to make a profit. Free state tax service An example of this type of activity is a hobby or a farm you operate mostly for recreation and pleasure. Free state tax service Enter this income on Form 1040, line 21. Free state tax service Deductions for expenses related to the activity are limited. Free state tax service They cannot total more than the income you report and can be taken only if you itemize deductions on Schedule A (Form 1040). Free state tax service See Not-for-Profit Activities in chapter 1 of Publication 535 for information on whether an activity is considered carried on for a profit. Free state tax service Alaska Permanent Fund dividend. Free state tax service   If you received a payment from Alaska's mineral income fund (Alaska Permanent Fund dividend), report it as income on line 21 of Form 1040, line 13 of Form 1040A, or line 3 of Form 1040EZ. Free state tax service The state of Alaska sends each recipient a document that shows the amount of the payment with the check. Free state tax service The amount also is reported to IRS. Free state tax service Alimony. Free state tax service   Include in your income on Form 1040, line 11, any alimony payments you receive. Free state tax service Amounts you receive for child support are not income to you. Free state tax service Alimony and child support payments are discussed in chapter 18. Free state tax service Bribes. Free state tax service   If you receive a bribe, include it in your income. Free state tax service Campaign contributions. Free state tax service   These contributions are not income to a candidate unless they are diverted to his or her personal use. Free state tax service To be exempt from tax, the contributions must be spent for campaign purposes or kept in a fund for use in future campaigns. Free state tax service However, interest earned on bank deposits, dividends received on contributed securities, and net gains realized on sales of contributed securities are taxable and must be reported on Form 1120-POL, U. Free state tax service S. Free state tax service Income Tax Return for Certain Political Organizations. Free state tax service Excess campaign funds transferred to an office account must be included in the officeholder's income on Form 1040, line 21, in the year transferred. Free state tax service Car pools. Free state tax service   Do not include in your income amounts you receive from the passengers for driving a car in a car pool to and from work. Free state tax service These amounts are considered reimbursement for your expenses. Free state tax service However, this rule does not apply if you have developed car pool arrangements into a profit-making business of transporting workers for hire. Free state tax service Cash rebates. Free state tax service   A cash rebate you receive from a dealer or manufacturer of an item you buy is not income, but you must reduce your basis by the amount of the rebate. Free state tax service Example. Free state tax service You buy a new car for $24,000 cash and receive a $2,000 rebate check from the manufacturer. Free state tax service The $2,000 is not income to you. Free state tax service Your basis in the car is $22,000. Free state tax service This is the basis on which you figure gain or loss if you sell the car and depreciation if you use it for business. Free state tax service Casualty insurance and other reimbursements. Free state tax service   You generally should not report these reimbursements on your return unless you are figuring gain or loss from the casualty or theft. Free state tax service See chapter 25 for more information. Free state tax service Child support payments. Free state tax service   You should not report these payments on your return. Free state tax service See chapter 18 for more information. Free state tax service Court awards and damages. Free state tax service   To determine if settlement amounts you receive by compromise or judgment must be included in your income, you must consider the item that the settlement replaces. Free state tax service The character of the income as ordinary income or capital gain depends on the nature of the underlying claim. Free state tax service Include the following as ordinary income. Free state tax service Interest on any award. Free state tax service Compensation for lost wages or lost profits in most cases. Free state tax service Punitive damages, in most cases. Free state tax service It does not matter if they relate to a physical injury or physical sickness. Free state tax service Amounts received in settlement of pension rights (if you did not contribute to the plan). Free state tax service Damages for: Patent or copyright infringement, Breach of contract, or Interference with business operations. Free state tax service Back pay and damages for emotional distress received to satisfy a claim under title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964. Free state tax service Attorney fees and costs (including contingent fees) where the underlying recovery is included in gross income. Free state tax service   Do not include in your income compensatory damages for personal physical injury or physical sickness (whether received in a lump sum or installments). Free state tax service Emotional distress. Free state tax service   Emotional distress itself is not a physical injury or physical sickness, but damages you receive for emotional distress due to a physical injury or sickness are treated as received for the physical injury or sickness. Free state tax service Do not include them in your income. Free state tax service   If the emotional distress is due to a personal injury that is not due to a physical injury or sickness (for example, employment discrimination or injury to reputation), you must include the damages in your income, except for any damages you receive for medical care due to that emotional distress. Free state tax service Emotional distress includes physical symptoms that result from emotional distress, such as headaches, insomnia, and stomach disorders. Free state tax service Deduction for costs involved in unlawful discrimination suits. Free state tax service   You may be able to deduct attorney fees and court costs paid to recover a judgment or settlement for a claim of unlawful discrimination under various provisions of federal, state, and local law listed in Internal Revenue Code section 62(e), a claim against the United States government, or a claim under section 1862(b)(3)(A) of the Social Security Act. Free state tax service For more information, see Publication 525. Free state tax service Credit card insurance. Free state tax service   In most cases, if you receive benefits under a credit card disability or unemployment insurance plan, the benefits are taxable to you. Free state tax service These plans make the minimum monthly payment on your credit card account if you cannot make the payment due to injury, illness, disability, or unemployment. Free state tax service Report on Form 1040, line 21, the amount of benefits you received during the year that is more than the amount of the premiums you paid during the year. Free state tax service Down payment assistance. Free state tax service   If you purchase a home and receive assistance from a nonprofit corporation to make the down payment, that assistance is not included in your income. Free state tax service If the corporation qualifies as a tax-exempt charitable organization, the assistance is treated as a gift and is included in your basis of the house. Free state tax service If the corporation does not qualify, the assistance is treated as a rebate or reduction of the purchase price and is not included in your basis. Free state tax service Employment agency fees. Free state tax service   If you get a job through an employment agency, and the fee is paid by your employer, the fee is not includible in your income if you are not liable for it. Free state tax service However, if you pay it and your employer reimburses you for it, it is includible in your income. Free state tax service Energy conservation subsidies. Free state tax service   You can exclude from gross income any subsidy provided, either directly or indirectly, by public utilities for the purchase or installation of an energy conservation measure for a dwelling unit. Free state tax service Energy conservation measure. Free state tax service   This includes installations or modifications that are primarily designed to reduce consumption of electricity or natural gas, or improve the management of energy demand. Free state tax service Dwelling unit. Free state tax service   This includes a house, apartment, condominium, mobile home, boat, or similar property. Free state tax service If a building or structure contains both dwelling and other units, any subsidy must be properly allocated. Free state tax service Estate and trust income. Free state tax service    An estate or trust, unlike a partnership, may have to pay federal income tax. Free state tax service If you are a beneficiary of an estate or trust, you may be taxed on your share of its income distributed or required to be distributed to you. Free state tax service However, there is never a double tax. Free state tax service Estates and trusts file their returns on Form 1041, U. Free state tax service S. Free state tax service Income Tax Return for Estates and Trusts, and your share of the income is reported to you on Schedule K-1 (Form 1041). Free state tax service Current income required to be distributed. Free state tax service   If you are the beneficiary of an estate or trust that must distribute all of its current income, you must report your share of the distributable net income, whether or not you actually received it. Free state tax service Current income not required to be distributed. Free state tax service    If you are the beneficiary of an estate or trust and the fiduciary has the choice of whether to distribute all or part of the current income, you must report: All income that is required to be distributed to you, whether or not it is actually distributed, plus All other amounts actually paid or credited to you, up to the amount of your share of distributable net income. Free state tax service How to report. Free state tax service   Treat each item of income the same way that the estate or trust would treat it. Free state tax service For example, if a trust's dividend income is distributed to you, you report the distribution as dividend income on your return. Free state tax service The same rule applies to distributions of tax-exempt interest and capital gains. Free state tax service   The fiduciary of the estate or trust must tell you the type of items making up your share of the estate or trust income and any credits you are allowed on your individual income tax return. Free state tax service Losses. Free state tax service   Losses of estates and trusts generally are not deductible by the beneficiaries. Free state tax service Grantor trust. Free state tax service   Income earned by a grantor trust is taxable to the grantor, not the beneficiary, if the grantor keeps certain control over the trust. Free state tax service (The grantor is the one who transferred property to the trust. Free state tax service ) This rule applies if the property (or income from the property) put into the trust will or may revert (be returned) to the grantor or the grantor's spouse. Free state tax service   Generally, a trust is a grantor trust if the grantor has a reversionary interest valued (at the date of transfer) at more than 5% of the value of the transferred property. Free state tax service Expenses paid by another. Free state tax service   If your personal expenses are paid for by another person, such as a corporation, the payment may be taxable to you depending upon your relationship with that person and the nature of the payment. Free state tax service But if the payment makes up for a loss caused by that person, and only restores you to the position you were in before the loss, the payment is not includible in your income. Free state tax service Fees for services. Free state tax service   Include all fees for your services in your income. Free state tax service Examples of these fees are amounts you receive for services you perform as: A corporate director, An executor, administrator, or personal representative of an estate, A manager of a trade or business you operated before declaring Chapter 11 bankruptcy, A notary public, or An election precinct official. Free state tax service Nonemployee compensation. Free state tax service   If you are not an employee and the fees for your services from the same payer total $600 or more for the year, you may receive a Form 1099-MISC. Free state tax service You may need to report your fees as self-employment income. Free state tax service See Self-Employed Persons , in chapter 1, for a discussion of when you are considered self-employed. Free state tax service Corporate director. Free state tax service   Corporate director fees are self-employment income. Free state tax service Report these payments on Schedule C or Schedule C-EZ (Form 1040). Free state tax service Personal representatives. Free state tax service   All personal representatives must include in their gross income fees paid to them from an estate. Free state tax service If you are not in the trade or business of being an executor (for instance, you are the executor of a friend's or relative's estate), report these fees on Form 1040, line 21. Free state tax service If you are in the trade or business of being an executor, report these fees as self-employment income on Schedule C or Schedule C-EZ (Form 1040). Free state tax service The fee is not includible in income if it is waived. Free state tax service Manager of trade or business for bankruptcy estate. Free state tax service   Include in your income all payments received from your bankruptcy estate for managing or operating a trade or business that you operated before you filed for bankruptcy. Free state tax service Report this income on Form 1040, line 21. Free state tax service Notary public. Free state tax service    Report payments for these services on Schedule C or Schedule C-EZ (Form 1040). Free state tax service These payments are not subject to self-employment tax. Free state tax service See the separate instructions for Schedule SE (Form 1040) for details. Free state tax service Election precinct official. Free state tax service    You should receive a Form W-2 showing payments for services performed as an election official or election worker. Free state tax service Report these payments on line 7 of Form 1040 or Form 1040A or on line 1 of Form 1040EZ. Free state tax service Foster care providers. Free state tax service   Payments you receive from a state, political subdivision, or a qualified foster care placement agency for providing care to qualified foster individuals in your home generally are not included in your income. Free state tax service However, you must include in your income payments received for the care of more than 5 individuals age 19 or older and certain difficulty-of-care payments. Free state tax service   A qualified foster individual is a person who: Is living in a foster family home, and Was placed there by: An agency of a state or one of its political subdivisions, or A qualified foster care placement agency. Free state tax service Difficulty-of-care payments. Free state tax service   These are additional payments that are designated by the payer as compensation for providing the additional care that is required for physically, mentally, or emotionally handicapped qualified foster individuals. Free state tax service A state must determine that the additional compensation is needed, and the care for which the payments are made must be provided in your home. Free state tax service   You must include in your income difficulty-of-care payments received for more than: 10 qualified foster individuals under age 19, or 5 qualified foster individuals age 19 or older. Free state tax service Maintaining space in home. Free state tax service   If you are paid to maintain space in your home for emergency foster care, you must include the payment in your income. Free state tax service Reporting taxable payments. Free state tax service    If you receive payments that you must include in your income, you are in business as a foster care provider and you are self-employed. Free state tax service Report the payments on Schedule C or Schedule C-EZ (Form 1040). Free state tax service See Publication 587, Business Use of Your Home, to help you determine the amount you can deduct for the use of your home. Free state tax service Found property. Free state tax service   If you find and keep property that does not belong to you that has been lost or abandoned (treasure-trove), it is taxable to you at its fair market value in the first year it is your undisputed possession. Free state tax service Free tour. Free state tax service   If you received a free tour from a travel agency for organizing a group of tourists, you must include its value in your income. Free state tax service Report the fair market value of the tour on Form 1040, line 21, if you are not in the trade or business of organizing tours. Free state tax service You cannot deduct your expenses in serving as the voluntary leader of the group at the group's request. Free state tax service If you organize tours as a trade or business, report the tour's value on Schedule C or Schedule C-EZ (Form 1040). Free state tax service Gambling winnings. Free state tax service   You must include your gambling winnings in income on Form 1040, line 21. Free state tax service If you itemize your deductions on Schedule A (Form 1040), you can deduct gambling losses you had during the year, but only up to the amount of your winnings. Free state tax service Lotteries and raffles. Free state tax service   Winnings from lotteries and raffles are gambling winnings. Free state tax service In addition to cash winnings, you must include in your income the fair market value of bonds, cars, houses, and other noncash prizes. Free state tax service    If you win a state lottery prize payable in installments, see Publication 525 for more information. Free state tax service Form W-2G. Free state tax service   You may have received a Form W-2G, Certain Gambling Winnings, showing the amount of your gambling winnings and any tax taken out of them. Free state tax service Include the amount from box 1 on Form 1040, line 21. Free state tax service Include the amount shown in box 4 on Form 1040, line 62, as federal income tax withheld. Free state tax service Reporting winnings and recordkeeping. Free state tax service   For more information on reporting gam