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Freetaxreturns Publication 936 - Introductory Material Table of Contents Reminders IntroductionOrdering forms and publications. Freetaxreturns Tax questions. Freetaxreturns Useful Items - You may want to see: Reminders Future developments. Freetaxreturns  For the latest information about developments related to Publication 936, Home Mortgage Interest Deduction, such as legislation enacted after it was published, go to www. Freetaxreturns irs. Freetaxreturns gov/pub936. Freetaxreturns Photographs of missing children. Freetaxreturns  The Internal Revenue Service is a proud partner with the National Center for Missing and Exploited Children. Freetaxreturns Photographs of missing children selected by the Center may appear in this publication on pages that would otherwise be blank. Freetaxreturns You can help bring these children home by looking at the photographs and calling 1-800-THE-LOST (1-800-843-5678) if you recognize a child. Freetaxreturns Introduction This publication discusses the rules for deducting home mortgage interest. Freetaxreturns Part I contains general information on home mortgage interest, including points and mortgage insurance premiums. Freetaxreturns It also explains how to report deductible interest on your tax return. Freetaxreturns Part II explains how your deduction for home mortgage interest may be limited. Freetaxreturns It contains Table 1, which is a worksheet you can use to figure the limit on your deduction. Freetaxreturns Comments and suggestions. Freetaxreturns   We welcome your comments about this publication and your suggestions for future editions. Freetaxreturns   You can write to us at the following address: Internal Revenue Service Tax Forms and Publications Division 1111 Constitution Ave. Freetaxreturns NW, IR-6526 Washington, DC 20224   We respond to many letters by telephone. Freetaxreturns Therefore, it would be helpful if you would include your daytime phone number, including the area code, in your correspondence. Freetaxreturns   You can send your comments from www. Freetaxreturns irs. Freetaxreturns gov/formspubs. Freetaxreturns Click on “More Information” and then on “Comment on Tax Forms and Publications. Freetaxreturns ”   Although we cannot respond individually to each comment received, we do appreciate your feedback and will consider your comments as we revise our tax products. Freetaxreturns Ordering forms and publications. Freetaxreturns   Visit www. Freetaxreturns irs. Freetaxreturns gov/formspubs to download forms and publications, call 1-800-TAX-FORM (1-800-829-3676), or write to the address below and receive a response within 10 days after your request is received. Freetaxreturns Internal Revenue Service 1201 N. Freetaxreturns Mitsubishi Motorway Bloomington, IL 61705-6613 Tax questions. Freetaxreturns   If you have a tax question, check the information available on IRS. Freetaxreturns gov or call 1-800-829-1040. Freetaxreturns We cannot answer tax questions sent to either of the above addresses. Freetaxreturns Useful Items - You may want to see: Publication 523 Selling Your Home 527 Residential Rental Property 530 Tax Information for Homeowners 535 Business Expenses   See How To Get Tax Help near the end of this publication, for information about getting these publications. Freetaxreturns Prev  Up  Next   Home   More Online Publications
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Individual Filer Notices

One of the ways we classify our notices is by the type of tax form they're about. We call notices we send about Form 1040, 1040A, 1040EZ, or any related schedules, forms, or other attachments individual filer notices. Notices we send about business-related tax forms such as Forms 941, 1065, and 1120, are called business filer notices and are listed elsewhere. If the individual filer notice you have isn't listed below, check back often. We'll be adding more on a regular basis.

The Notices in Numerical Order

Here's a list of notices with detailed information available.


CP 57 - Notice of Insufficient Funds
Informs the recipient that we are charging a penalty for insufficient funds.
CP 79 - Earned Income Credit Eligibility Requirement
Informs the recipient that they may need to complete an additional form to claim the credit if their Earned Income Credit (EIC) was disallowed or reduced by the IRS for any year after 1996.
CP 79A - Earned Income Credit Two Year Ban
Informs the recipient that they are banned from claiming the Earned Income Credit (EIC) for two years, and must complete an additional form to claim the EIC in the first year after the ban has been lifted.
CP 90 - Final Notice, Notice of Intent to Levy and Notice of Your Right to a Hearing FPLP
Final Notice: Notice of Intent to Levy and Notice of Your Right to a Hearing is systemically generated from Master File. These notices are sent certified mail, return receipt requested, and include Form 12153 and Pubs 594/1660.
CP 91 - Final Notice Before Levy on Social Security Benefits
Informs the recipient that they still have a balance due on their account and that we intend to levy on their Social Security benefits unless they take appropriate action within 30 days.
Page Last Reviewed or Updated: 25-Feb-2014

The Freetaxreturns

Freetaxreturns Publication 1212 - Main Content Table of Contents Definitions Debt Instruments on the OID List Debt Instruments Not on the OID List Information for Brokers and Other MiddlemenShort-Term Obligations Redeemed at Maturity Long-Term Debt Instruments Certificates of Deposit Bearer Bonds and Coupons Backup Withholding Information for Owners of OID Debt InstrumentsExceptions. Freetaxreturns Adjustment for premium. Freetaxreturns Adjustment for acquisition premium. Freetaxreturns Adjustment for market discount. Freetaxreturns Form 1099-OID How To Report OID Figuring OID on Long-Term Debt Instruments Figuring OID on Stripped Bonds and Coupons How To Get Tax HelpLow Income Taxpayer Clinics Definitions The following terms are used throughout this publication. Freetaxreturns “Original issue discount” is defined first. Freetaxreturns The other terms are listed alphabetically. Freetaxreturns Original issue discount (OID). Freetaxreturns   OID is a form of interest. Freetaxreturns It is the excess of a debt instrument's stated redemption price at maturity over its issue price (acquisition price for a stripped bond or coupon). Freetaxreturns Zero coupon bonds and debt instruments that pay no stated interest until maturity are examples of debt instruments that have OID. Freetaxreturns Accrual period. Freetaxreturns   An accrual period is an interval of time used to measure OID. Freetaxreturns The length of an accrual period can be 6 months, a year, or some other period, depending on when the debt instrument was issued. Freetaxreturns Acquisition premium. Freetaxreturns   Acquisition premium is the excess of a debt instrument's adjusted basis immediately after purchase, including purchase at original issue, over the debt instrument's adjusted issue price at that time. Freetaxreturns A debt instrument does not have acquisition premium, however, if the debt instrument was purchased at a premium. Freetaxreturns See Premium, later. Freetaxreturns Adjusted issue price. Freetaxreturns   The adjusted issue price of a debt instrument at the beginning of an accrual period is used to figure the OID allocable to that period. Freetaxreturns In general, the adjusted issue price at the beginning of the debt instrument's first accrual period is its issue price. Freetaxreturns The adjusted issue price at the beginning of any subsequent accrual period is the sum of the issue price and all the OID includible in income before that accrual period minus any payment previously made on the debt instrument, other than a payment of qualified stated interest. Freetaxreturns Debt instrument. Freetaxreturns   The term “debt instrument” means any instrument or contractual arrangement that constitutes indebtedness under general principles of federal income tax law (including, for example, a bond, debenture, note, certificate, or other evidence of indebtedness). Freetaxreturns It generally does not include an annuity contract. Freetaxreturns Issue price. Freetaxreturns   For debt instruments listed in Section I-A and Section I-B, the issue price generally is the initial offering price to the public (excluding bond houses and brokers) at which a substantial amount of these instruments was sold. Freetaxreturns Market discount. Freetaxreturns   Market discount arises when a debt instrument purchased in the secondary market has decreased in value since its issue date, generally because of an increase in interest rates. Freetaxreturns An OID debt instrument has market discount if your adjusted basis in the debt instrument immediately after you acquired it (usually its purchase price) was less than the debt instrument's issue price plus the total OID that accrued before you acquired it. Freetaxreturns The market discount is the difference between the issue price plus accrued OID and your adjusted basis. Freetaxreturns Premium. Freetaxreturns   A debt instrument is purchased at a premium if its adjusted basis immediately after purchase is greater than the total of all amounts payable on the debt instrument after the purchase date, other than qualified stated interest. Freetaxreturns The premium is the excess of the adjusted basis over the payable amounts. Freetaxreturns See Publication 550 for information on the tax treatment of bond premium. Freetaxreturns Qualified stated interest. Freetaxreturns   In general, qualified stated interest is stated interest that is unconditionally payable in cash or property (other than debt instruments of the issuer) at least annually over the term of the debt instrument at a single fixed rate. Freetaxreturns Stated redemption price at maturity. Freetaxreturns   A debt instrument's stated redemption price at maturity is the sum of all amounts (principal and interest) payable on the debt instrument other than qualified stated interest. Freetaxreturns Yield to maturity (YTM). Freetaxreturns   In general, the YTM is the discount rate that, when used in figuring the present value of all principal and interest payments, produces an amount equal to the issue price of the debt instrument. Freetaxreturns The YTM is generally shown on the face of the debt instrument or in the literature you receive from your broker. Freetaxreturns If you do not have this information, consult your broker, tax advisor, or the issuer. Freetaxreturns Debt Instruments on the OID List The OID list on the IRS website can be used by brokers and other middlemen to prepare information returns. Freetaxreturns If you own a listed debt instrument, you generally should not rely on the information in the OID list to determine (or compare) the OID to be reported on your tax return. Freetaxreturns The OID amounts listed are figured without reference to the price or date at which you acquired the debt instrument. Freetaxreturns For information about determining the OID to be reported on your tax return, see the instructions for figuring OID under Information for Owners of OID Debt Instruments, later. Freetaxreturns The following discussions explain what information is contained in each section of the list. Freetaxreturns Section I. Freetaxreturns   This section contains publicly offered, long-term debt instruments. Freetaxreturns Section I-A: Corporate Debt Instruments Issued Before 1985. Freetaxreturns Section I-B: Corporate Debt Instruments Issued After 1984. Freetaxreturns Section I-C: Inflation-Indexed Debt Instruments. Freetaxreturns For each publicly offered debt instrument in Section I, the list contains the following information. Freetaxreturns The name of the issuer. Freetaxreturns The Committee on Uniform Security Identification Procedures (CUSIP) number. Freetaxreturns The issue date. Freetaxreturns The maturity date. Freetaxreturns The issue price expressed as a percent of principal or of stated redemption price at maturity. Freetaxreturns The annual stated or coupon interest rate. Freetaxreturns (This rate is shown as 0. Freetaxreturns 00 if no annual interest payments are provided. Freetaxreturns ) The yield to maturity will be added to Section I-B for bonds issued after December 31, 2006. Freetaxreturns The total OID accrued up to January 1 of a calendar year. Freetaxreturns (This information is not available for every instrument. Freetaxreturns ) For long-term debt instruments issued after July 1, 1982, the daily OID for the accrual periods falling in a calendar year and a subsequent year. Freetaxreturns The total OID per $1,000 of principal or maturity value for a calendar year and a subsequent year. Freetaxreturns Section II. Freetaxreturns   This section contains stripped coupons and principal components of U. Freetaxreturns S. Freetaxreturns Treasury and Government-Sponsored Enterprise debt instruments. Freetaxreturns These stripped components are available through the Department of the Treasury's Separate Trading of Registered Interest and Principal of Securities (STRIPS) program and government-sponsored enterprises such as the Resolution Funding Corporation. Freetaxreturns This section also includes debt instruments backed by U. Freetaxreturns S. Freetaxreturns Treasury securities that represent ownership interests in those securities. Freetaxreturns   The obligations listed in Section II are arranged by maturity date. Freetaxreturns The amounts listed are the total OID for a calendar year per $1,000 of redemption price. Freetaxreturns Section III. Freetaxreturns   This section contains short-term discount obligations. Freetaxreturns Section III-A: Short-Term U. Freetaxreturns S. Freetaxreturns Treasury Bills. Freetaxreturns Section III-B: Federal Home Loan Banks. Freetaxreturns Section III-C: Federal National Mortgage Association. Freetaxreturns Section III-D: Federal Farm Credit Banks. Freetaxreturns Section III-E: Federal Home Loan Mortgage Corporation. Freetaxreturns Section III-F: Federal Agricultural Mortgage Corporation. Freetaxreturns    Information that supplements Section III-A is available on the Internet at http://www. Freetaxreturns treasurydirect. Freetaxreturns gov/tdhome. Freetaxreturns htm. Freetaxreturns   The short-term obligations listed in this section are arranged by maturity date. Freetaxreturns For each obligation, the list contains the CUSIP number, maturity date, issue date, issue price (expressed as a percent of principal), and discount to be reported as interest for a calendar year per $1,000 of redemption price. Freetaxreturns Brokers and other middlemen should rely on the issue price information in Section III only if they are unable to determine the price actually paid by the owner. Freetaxreturns Debt Instruments Not on the OID List The list of debt instruments discussed earlier does not contain the following items. Freetaxreturns U. Freetaxreturns S. Freetaxreturns savings bonds. Freetaxreturns Certificates of deposit and other face-amount certificates issued at a discount, including syndicated certificates of deposit. Freetaxreturns Obligations issued by tax-exempt organizations. Freetaxreturns OID debt instruments that matured or were entirely called by the issuer before the tables were posted on the IRS website. Freetaxreturns Mortgage-backed securities and mortgage participation certificates. Freetaxreturns Long-term OID debt instruments issued before May 28, 1969. Freetaxreturns Short-term obligations, other than the obligations listed in Section III. Freetaxreturns Debt instruments issued at a discount by states or their political subdivisions. Freetaxreturns REMIC regular interests and CDOs. Freetaxreturns Commercial paper and banker's acceptances issued at a discount. Freetaxreturns Obligations issued at a discount by individuals. Freetaxreturns Foreign obligations not traded in the United States and obligations not issued in the United States. Freetaxreturns Information for Brokers and Other Middlemen The following discussions contain specific instructions for brokers and middlemen who hold or redeem a debt instrument for the owner. Freetaxreturns In general, you must file a Form 1099 for the debt instrument if the interest or OID to be included in the owner's income for a calendar year totals $10 or more. Freetaxreturns You also must file a Form 1099 if you were required to deduct and withhold tax, even if the interest or OID is less than $10. Freetaxreturns See Backup Withholding, later. Freetaxreturns If you must file a Form 1099, furnish a copy to the owner of the debt instrument by January 31 in the year it is due. Freetaxreturns File all your Forms 1099 with the IRS, accompanied by Form 1096, by February 28 in the year it is due (March 31 if you file electronically). Freetaxreturns Electronic payee statements. Freetaxreturns   You can issue Form 1099-OID electronically with the consent of the recipient. Freetaxreturns More information. Freetaxreturns   For more information, including penalties for failure to file (or furnish) required information returns or statements, see the General Instructions for Certain Information Returns (Forms 1098, 1099, 3921, 3922, 5498, and W-2G) for the appropriate calendar year. Freetaxreturns Short-Term Obligations Redeemed at Maturity If you redeem a short-term discount obligation for the owner at maturity, you must report the discount as interest on Form 1099-INT. Freetaxreturns To figure the discount, use the purchase price shown on the owner's copy of the purchase confirmation receipt or similar record, or the price shown in your transaction records. Freetaxreturns If you sell the obligation for the owner before maturity, you must file Form 1099-B to reflect the gross proceeds to the seller. Freetaxreturns Do not report the accrued discount to the date of sale on either Form 1099-INT or Form 1099-OID. Freetaxreturns If the owner's purchase price cannot be determined, figure the discount as if the owner had purchased the obligation at its original issue price. Freetaxreturns A special rule is used to determine the original issue price for information reporting on U. Freetaxreturns S. Freetaxreturns Treasury bills (T-bills) listed in Section III-A. Freetaxreturns Under this rule, you treat as the original issue price of the T-bill the noncompetitive (weighted average of accepted auction bids) discount price for the longest-maturity T-bill maturing on the same date as the T-bill being redeemed. Freetaxreturns This noncompetitive discount price is the issue price (expressed as a percent of principal) shown in Section III-A. Freetaxreturns A similar rule is used to figure the discount on short-term discount obligations issued by the organizations listed in Section III-B through Section III-F. Freetaxreturns Example 1. Freetaxreturns There are 13-week and 26-week T-bills maturing on the same date as the T-bill being redeemed. Freetaxreturns The price actually paid by the owner cannot be established by owner or middleman records. Freetaxreturns You treat as the issue price of the T-bill the noncompetitive discount price (expressed as a percent of principal) shown in Section III-A for a 26-week bill maturing on the same date as the T-bill redeemed. Freetaxreturns The interest you report on Form 1099-INT is the OID (per $1,000 of principal) shown in Section III-A for that obligation. Freetaxreturns Long-Term Debt Instruments If you hold a long-term OID debt instrument as a nominee for the true owner, you generally must file Form 1099-OID. Freetaxreturns For this purpose, you can rely on Section I of the OID list to determine the following information. Freetaxreturns Whether a debt instrument has OID. Freetaxreturns The OID to be reported on the Form 1099-OID. Freetaxreturns In general, you must report OID on publicly offered, long-term debt instruments listed in Section I. Freetaxreturns You also can report OID on other long-term debt instruments. Freetaxreturns Form 1099-OID. Freetaxreturns   On Form 1099-OID for a calendar year show the following information. Freetaxreturns Box 1. Freetaxreturns The OID for the actual dates the owner held the debt instruments during a calendar year. Freetaxreturns To determine this amount, see Figuring OID, next. Freetaxreturns Box 2. Freetaxreturns The qualified stated interest paid or credited during the calendar year. Freetaxreturns Interest reported here is not reported on Form 1099-INT. Freetaxreturns The qualified stated interest on Treasury inflation-protected securities may be reported on Form 1099-INT in box 3 instead. Freetaxreturns Box 3. Freetaxreturns Any interest or principal forfeited because of an early withdrawal that the owner can deduct from gross income. Freetaxreturns Do not reduce the amounts in boxes 1 and 2 by the forfeiture. Freetaxreturns Box 4. Freetaxreturns Any backup withholding for this debt instrument. Freetaxreturns Box 7. Freetaxreturns The CUSIP number, if any. Freetaxreturns If there is no CUSIP number, give a description of the debt instrument, including the abbreviation for the stock exchange, the abbreviation used by the stock exchange for the issuer, the coupon rate, and the year of maturity (for example, NYSE XYZ 12. Freetaxreturns 50 2006). Freetaxreturns If the issuer of the debt instrument is other than the payer, show the name of the issuer in this box. Freetaxreturns Box 8. Freetaxreturns The OID on a U. Freetaxreturns S. Freetaxreturns Treasury obligation for the part of the year the owner held the debt instrument. Freetaxreturns Box 9. Freetaxreturns Investment expenses passed on to holders of a single-class REMIC. Freetaxreturns Boxes 10-12. Freetaxreturns Use to report any state income tax withheld for this debt instrument. Freetaxreturns Figuring OID. Freetaxreturns   You can determine the OID on a long-term debt instrument by using either of the following. Freetaxreturns Section I of the OID list. Freetaxreturns The income tax regulations. Freetaxreturns Using Section I. Freetaxreturns   If the owner held the debt instrument for the entire calendar year, report the OID shown in Section I for the calendar year. Freetaxreturns Because OID is listed for each $1,000 of stated redemption price at maturity, you must adjust the listed amount to reflect the debt instrument's actual stated redemption price at maturity. Freetaxreturns For example, if the debt instrument's stated redemption price at maturity is $500, report one-half the listed OID. Freetaxreturns   If the owner held the debt instrument for less than the entire calendar year, figure the OID to report as follows. Freetaxreturns Look up the daily OID for the first accrual period in the calendar year during which the owner held the debt instrument. Freetaxreturns Multiply the daily OID by the number of days the owner held the debt instrument during that accrual period. Freetaxreturns Repeat steps (1) and (2) for any remaining accrual periods for the year during which the owner held the debt instrument. Freetaxreturns Add the results in steps (2) and (3) to determine the owner's OID per $1,000 of stated redemption price at maturity. Freetaxreturns If necessary, adjust the OID in (4) to reflect the debt instrument's stated redemption price at maturity. Freetaxreturns Report the result on Form 1099-OID in box 1. Freetaxreturns Using the income tax regulations. Freetaxreturns   Instead of using Section I to figure OID, you can use the regulations under sections 1272 through 1275 of the Internal Revenue Code. Freetaxreturns For example, under the regulations, you can use monthly accrual periods in figuring OID for a debt instrument issued after April 3, 1994, that provides for monthly payments. Freetaxreturns (If you use Section I-B, the OID is figured using 6-month accrual periods. Freetaxreturns )   For a general explanation of the rules for figuring OID under the regulations, see Figuring OID on Long-Term Debt Instruments under Information for Owners of OID Debt Instruments, later. Freetaxreturns Certificates of Deposit If you hold a bank certificate of deposit (CD) as a nominee, you must determine whether the CD has OID and any OID includible in the income of the owner. Freetaxreturns You must file an information return showing the reportable interest and OID, if any, on the CD. Freetaxreturns These rules apply whether or not you sold the CD to the owner. Freetaxreturns Report OID on a CD in the same way as OID on other debt instruments. Freetaxreturns See Short-Term Obligations Redeemed at Maturity and Long-Term Debt Instruments, earlier. Freetaxreturns Bearer Bonds and Coupons If a coupon from a bearer bond is presented to you for collection before the bond matures, you generally must report the interest on Form 1099-INT. Freetaxreturns However, do not report the interest if either of the following apply. Freetaxreturns You hold the bond as a nominee for the true owner. Freetaxreturns The payee is a foreign person. Freetaxreturns See Payments to foreign person under Backup Withholding, later. Freetaxreturns Because you cannot assume the presenter of the coupon also owns the bond, you should not report OID on the bond on Form 1099-OID. Freetaxreturns The coupon may have been “stripped” (separated) from the bond and separately purchased. Freetaxreturns However, if a long-term bearer bond on the OID list is presented to you for redemption upon call or maturity, you should prepare a Form 1099-OID showing the OID for that calendar year, as well as any coupon interest payments collected at the time of redemption. Freetaxreturns Backup Withholding If you report OID on Form 1099-OID or interest on Form 1099-INT for a calendar year, you may be required to apply backup withholding to the reportable payment at a rate of 28%. Freetaxreturns The backup withholding is deducted at the time a cash payment is made. Freetaxreturns See Pub. Freetaxreturns 1281, Backup Withholding for Missing and Incorrect Name/TIN(s), for more information. Freetaxreturns Backup withholding generally applies in the following situations. Freetaxreturns The payee does not give you a taxpayer identification number (TIN). Freetaxreturns The IRS notifies you that the payee gave an incorrect TIN. Freetaxreturns The IRS notifies you that the payee is subject to backup withholding due to payee underreporting. Freetaxreturns For debt instruments acquired after 1983: The payee does not certify, under penalties of perjury, that he or she is not subject to backup withholding under (3), or The payee does not certify, under penalties of perjury, that the TIN given is correct. Freetaxreturns However, for short-term discount obligations (other than government obligations), bearer bonds and coupons, and U. Freetaxreturns S. Freetaxreturns savings bonds, backup withholding applies only if the payee does not give you a TIN or gives you an obviously incorrect number for a TIN. Freetaxreturns Short-term obligations. Freetaxreturns   Backup withholding applies to OID on a short-term obligation only when the OID is paid at maturity. Freetaxreturns However, backup withholding applies to any interest payable before maturity when the interest is paid or credited. Freetaxreturns   If the owner of a short-term obligation at maturity is not the original owner and can establish the purchase price of the obligation, the amount subject to backup withholding must be determined by treating the purchase price as the issue price. Freetaxreturns However, you can choose to disregard that price if it would require significant manual intervention in the computer or recordkeeping system used for the obligation. Freetaxreturns If the purchase price of a listed obligation is not established or is disregarded, you must use the issue price shown in Section III. Freetaxreturns Long-term obligations. Freetaxreturns   If no cash payments are made on a long-term obligation before maturity, backup withholding applies only at maturity. Freetaxreturns The amount subject to backup withholding is the OID includible in the owner's gross income for the calendar year when the obligation matures. Freetaxreturns The amount to be withheld is limited to the cash paid. Freetaxreturns Registered long-term obligations with cash payments. Freetaxreturns   If a registered long-term obligation has cash payments before maturity, backup withholding applies when a cash payment is made. Freetaxreturns The amount subject to backup withholding is the total of the qualified stated interest (defined earlier under Definitions) and OID includible in the owner's gross income for the calendar year when the payment is made. Freetaxreturns If more than one cash payment is made during the year, the OID subject to withholding for the year must be allocated among the expected cash payments in the ratio that each bears to the total of the expected cash payments. Freetaxreturns For any payment, the required withholding is limited to the cash paid. Freetaxreturns Payee not the original owner. Freetaxreturns   If the payee is not the original owner of the obligation, the OID subject to backup withholding is the OID includible in the gross income of all owners during the calendar year (without regard to any amount paid by the new owner at the time of transfer). Freetaxreturns The amount subject to backup withholding at maturity of a listed obligation must be determined using the issue price shown in Section I. Freetaxreturns Bearer long-term obligations with cash payments. Freetaxreturns   If a bearer long-term obligation has cash payments before maturity, backup withholding applies when the cash payments are made. Freetaxreturns For payments before maturity, the amount subject to withholding is the qualified stated interest (defined earlier under Definitions) includible in the owner's gross income for the calendar year. Freetaxreturns For a payment at maturity, the amount subject to withholding is only the total of any qualified stated interest paid at maturity and the OID includible in the owner's gross income for the calendar year when the obligation matures. Freetaxreturns The required withholding at maturity is limited to the cash paid. Freetaxreturns Sales and redemptions. Freetaxreturns   If you report the gross proceeds from a sale, exchange, or redemption of a debt instrument on Form 1099-B for a calendar year, you may be required to withhold 28% of the amount reported. Freetaxreturns Backup withholding applies in the following situations. Freetaxreturns The payee does not give you a TIN. Freetaxreturns The IRS notifies you that the payee gave an incorrect TIN. Freetaxreturns For debt instruments held in an account opened after 1983, the payee does not certify, under penalties of perjury, that the TIN given is correct. Freetaxreturns Payments outside the United States to U. Freetaxreturns S. Freetaxreturns person. Freetaxreturns   The requirements for backup withholding and information reporting apply to payments of OID and interest made outside the United States to a U. Freetaxreturns S. Freetaxreturns person, a controlled foreign corporation, or a foreign person at least 50% of whose income for the preceding 3-year period is effectively connected with the conduct of a U. Freetaxreturns S. Freetaxreturns trade or business. Freetaxreturns Payments to foreign person. Freetaxreturns   The following discussions explain the rules for backup withholding and information reporting on payments to foreign persons. Freetaxreturns U. Freetaxreturns S. Freetaxreturns -source amount. Freetaxreturns   Backup withholding and information reporting are not required for payments of U. Freetaxreturns S. Freetaxreturns -source OID, interest, or proceeds from a sale or redemption of an OID instrument if the payee has given you proof (generally the appropriate Form W-8 or an acceptable substitute) that the payee is a foreign person. Freetaxreturns A U. Freetaxreturns S. Freetaxreturns resident is not a foreign person. Freetaxreturns For proof of the payee's foreign status, you can rely on the appropriate Form W-8 or on documentary evidence for payments made outside the United States to an offshore account or, in case of broker proceeds, a sale effected outside the United States. Freetaxreturns Receipt of the appropriate Form W-8 does not relieve you from information reporting and backup withholding if you actually know the payee is a U. Freetaxreturns S. Freetaxreturns person. Freetaxreturns   For information about the 28% withholding tax that may apply to payments of U. Freetaxreturns S. Freetaxreturns -source OID or interest to foreign persons, see Publication 515. Freetaxreturns Foreign-source amount. Freetaxreturns   Backup withholding and information reporting are not required for payments of foreign-source OID and interest made outside the United States. Freetaxreturns However, if the payments are made inside the United States, the requirements for backup withholding and information reporting will apply unless the payee has given you the appropriate Form W-8 or acceptable substitute as proof that the payee is a foreign person. Freetaxreturns More information. Freetaxreturns   For more information about backup withholding and information reporting on foreign-source amounts or payments to foreign persons, see Regulations section 1. Freetaxreturns 6049-5. Freetaxreturns Information for Owners of OID Debt Instruments This section is for persons who prepare their own tax returns. Freetaxreturns It discusses the income tax rules for figuring and reporting OID on long-term debt instruments. Freetaxreturns It also includes a similar discussion for stripped bonds and coupons, such as zero coupon bonds available through the Department of the Treasury's STRIPS program and government-sponsored enterprises such as the Resolution Funding Corporation. Freetaxreturns However, the information provided does not cover every situation. Freetaxreturns More information can be found in the regulations under sections 1271 through 1275 of the Internal Revenue Code. Freetaxreturns Including OID in income. Freetaxreturns   Generally, you include OID in income as it accrues each year, whether or not you receive any payments from the debt instrument issuer. Freetaxreturns Exceptions. Freetaxreturns   The rules for including OID in income as it accrues generally do not apply to the following debt instruments. Freetaxreturns U. Freetaxreturns S. Freetaxreturns savings bonds. Freetaxreturns Tax-exempt obligations. Freetaxreturns (However, see Tax-Exempt Bonds and Coupons, later. Freetaxreturns ) Obligations issued by individuals before March 2, 1984. Freetaxreturns Loans of $10,000 or less between individuals who are not in the business of lending money. Freetaxreturns (The dollar limit includes outstanding prior loans by the lender to the borrower. Freetaxreturns ) This exception does not apply if a principal purpose of the loan is to avoid any federal tax. Freetaxreturns   See chapter 1 of Publication 550 for information about the rules for these and other types of discounted debt instruments, such as short-term and market discount obligations. Freetaxreturns Publication 550 also discusses rules for holders of REMIC interests and CDOs. Freetaxreturns De minimis rule. Freetaxreturns   You can treat OID as zero if the total OID on a debt instrument is less than one-fourth of 1% (. Freetaxreturns 0025) of the stated redemption price at maturity multiplied by the number of full years from the date of original issue to maturity. Freetaxreturns Debt instruments with de minimis OID are not listed in this publication. Freetaxreturns There are special rules to determine the de minimis amount in the case of debt instruments that provide for more than one payment of principal. Freetaxreturns Also, the de minimis rules generally do not apply to tax-exempt obligations. Freetaxreturns Example 2. Freetaxreturns You bought at issuance a 10-year debt instrument with a stated redemption price at maturity of $1,000, issued at $980 with OID of $20. Freetaxreturns One-fourth of 1% of $1,000 (the stated redemption price) times 10 (the number of full years from the date of original issue to maturity) equals $25. Freetaxreturns Under the de minimis rule, you can treat the OID as zero because the $20 discount is less than $25. Freetaxreturns Example 3. Freetaxreturns Assume the same facts as Example 2, except the debt instrument was issued at $950. Freetaxreturns You must report part of the $50 OID each year because it is more than $25. Freetaxreturns Choice to report all interest as OID. Freetaxreturns   Generally, you can choose to treat all interest on a debt instrument acquired after April 3, 1994, as OID and include it in gross income by using the constant yield method. Freetaxreturns See Constant yield method under Debt Instruments Issued After 1984, later, for more information. Freetaxreturns   For this choice, interest includes stated interest, acquisition discount, OID, de minimis OID, market discount, de minimis market discount, and unstated interest, as adjusted by any amortizable bond premium or acquisition premium. Freetaxreturns For more information, see Regulations section 1. Freetaxreturns 1272-3. Freetaxreturns Purchase after date of original issue. Freetaxreturns   A debt instrument you purchased after the date of original issue may have premium, acquisition premium, or market discount. Freetaxreturns If so, the OID reported to you on Form 1099-OID may have to be adjusted. Freetaxreturns For more information, see Showing an OID adjustment under How To Report OID, later. Freetaxreturns The following rules generally do not apply to contingent payment debt instruments. Freetaxreturns Adjustment for premium. Freetaxreturns   If your debt instrument (other than an inflation-indexed debt instrument) has premium, do not report any OID as ordinary income. Freetaxreturns Your adjustment is the total OID shown on your Form 1099-OID. Freetaxreturns Adjustment for acquisition premium. Freetaxreturns   If your debt instrument has acquisition premium, reduce the OID you report. Freetaxreturns Your adjustment is the difference between the OID shown on your Form 1099-OID and the reduced OID amount figured using the rules explained later under Figuring OID on Long-Term Debt Instruments. Freetaxreturns Adjustment for market discount. Freetaxreturns   If your debt instrument has market discount that you choose to include in income currently, increase the OID you report. Freetaxreturns Your adjustment is the accrued market discount for the year. Freetaxreturns See Market Discount Bonds in chapter 1 of Publication 550 for information on how to figure accrued market discount and include it in your income currently and for other information about market discount bonds. Freetaxreturns If you choose to use the constant yield method to figure accrued market discount, also see Figuring OID on Long-Term Debt Instruments, later. Freetaxreturns The constant yield method of figuring accrued OID, explained in those discussions under Constant yield method, is also used to figure accrued market discount. Freetaxreturns For more information concerning premium or market discount on an inflation-indexed debt instrument, see Regulations section 1. Freetaxreturns 1275-7. Freetaxreturns Sale, exchange, or redemption. Freetaxreturns   Generally, you treat your gain or loss from the sale, exchange, or redemption of a discounted debt instrument as a capital gain or loss if you held the debt instrument as a capital asset. Freetaxreturns If you sold the debt instrument through a broker, you should receive Form 1099-B or an equivalent statement from the broker. Freetaxreturns Use the Form 1099-B or other statement and your brokerage statements to complete Form 8949, and Schedule D (Form 1040). Freetaxreturns   Your gain or loss is the difference between the amount you realized on the sale, exchange, or redemption and your basis in the debt instrument. Freetaxreturns Your basis, generally, is your cost increased by the OID you have included in income each year you held it. Freetaxreturns In general, to determine your gain or loss on a tax-exempt bond, figure your basis in the bond by adding to your cost the OID you would have included in income if the bond had been taxable. Freetaxreturns   See chapter 4 of Publication 550 for more information about the tax treatment of the sale or redemption of discounted debt instruments. Freetaxreturns Example 4. Freetaxreturns Larry, a calendar year taxpayer, bought a corporate debt instrument at original issue for $86,235. Freetaxreturns 00 on November 1 of Year 1. Freetaxreturns The 15-year debt instrument matures on October 31 of Year 16 at a stated redemption price of $100,000. Freetaxreturns The debt instrument provides for semiannual payments of interest at 10%. Freetaxreturns Assume the debt instrument is a capital asset in Larry's hands. Freetaxreturns The debt instrument has $13,765. Freetaxreturns 00 of OID ($100,000 stated redemption price at maturity minus $86,235. Freetaxreturns 00 issue price). Freetaxreturns Larry sold the debt instrument for $90,000 on November 1 of Year 4. Freetaxreturns Including the OID he will report for the period he held the debt instrument in Year 4, Larry has included $4,556. Freetaxreturns 00 of OID in income and has increased his basis by that amount to $90,791. Freetaxreturns 00. Freetaxreturns Larry has realized a loss of $791. Freetaxreturns 00. Freetaxreturns All of Larry's loss is capital loss. Freetaxreturns Form 1099-OID The issuer of the debt instrument (or your broker, if you purchased or held the debt instrument through a broker) should give you a copy of Form 1099-OID or a similar statement if the accrued OID for the calendar year is $10 or more and the term of the debt instrument is more than 1 year. Freetaxreturns Form 1099-OID shows all OID income in box 1 except OID on a U. Freetaxreturns S. Freetaxreturns Treasury obligation, which is shown in box 8. Freetaxreturns It also shows, in box 2, any qualified stated interest you must include in income. Freetaxreturns (However, any qualified stated interest on Treasury inflation-protected securities can be reported on Form 1099-INT in box 3. Freetaxreturns ) A copy of Form 1099-OID will be sent to the IRS. Freetaxreturns Do not attach your copy to your tax return. Freetaxreturns Keep it for your records. Freetaxreturns If you are required to file a tax return and you receive Form 1099-OID showing taxable amounts, you must report these amounts on your return. Freetaxreturns A 20% accuracy-related penalty may be charged for underpayment of tax due to either negligence or disregard of rules and regulations or substantial understatement of tax. Freetaxreturns Form 1099-OID not received. Freetaxreturns   If you held an OID debt instrument for a calendar year but did not receive a Form 1099-OID, refer to the discussions under Figuring OID on Long-Term Debt Instruments, later, for information on the OID you must report. Freetaxreturns Refiguring OID. Freetaxreturns   You must refigure the OID shown on Form 1099-OID, in box 1 or box 8, to determine the proper amount to include in income if one of the following applies. Freetaxreturns You bought the debt instrument at a premium or at an acquisition premium. Freetaxreturns The debt instrument is a stripped bond or coupon (including zero coupon bonds backed by U. Freetaxreturns S. Freetaxreturns Treasury securities). Freetaxreturns The debt instrument is a contingent payment or inflation-indexed debt instrument. Freetaxreturns See the discussions under Figuring OID on Long-Term Debt Instruments or Figuring OID on Stripped Bonds and Coupons, later, for the specific computations. Freetaxreturns Refiguring interest. Freetaxreturns   If you disposed of a debt instrument or acquired it from another holder between interest dates, see the discussion under Bonds Sold Between Interest Dates in chapter 1 of Publication 550 for information about refiguring the interest shown on Form 1099-OID in box 2. Freetaxreturns Nominee. Freetaxreturns   If you are the holder of an OID debt instrument and you receive a Form 1099-OID that shows your taxpayer identification number and includes amounts belonging to another person, you are considered a “nominee. Freetaxreturns ” You must file another Form 1099-OID for each actual owner, showing the OID for the owner. Freetaxreturns Show the owner of the debt instrument as the “recipient” and you as the “payer. Freetaxreturns ”   Complete Form 1099-OID and Form 1096 and file the forms with the Internal Revenue Service Center for your area. Freetaxreturns You must also give a copy of the Form 1099-OID to the actual owner. Freetaxreturns However, you are not required to file a nominee return to show amounts belonging to your spouse. Freetaxreturns See the Form 1099 instructions for more information. Freetaxreturns   When preparing your tax return, follow the instructions under Showing an OID adjustment in the next discussion. Freetaxreturns How To Report OID Generally, you report your taxable interest and OID income on the interest line of Form 1040EZ, Form 1040A, or Form 1040. Freetaxreturns Form 1040 or Form 1040A required. Freetaxreturns   You must use Form 1040 or Form 1040A (you cannot use Form 1040EZ) under either of the following conditions. Freetaxreturns You received a Form 1099-OID as a nominee for the actual owner. Freetaxreturns Your total interest and OID income for the year was more than $1,500. Freetaxreturns Form 1040 required. Freetaxreturns   You must use Form 1040 (you cannot use Form 1040A or Form 1040EZ) if you are reporting more or less OID than the amount shown on Form 1099-OID, other than because you are a nominee. Freetaxreturns For example, if you paid a premium or an acquisition premium when you purchased the debt instrument, you must use Form 1040 because you will report less OID than shown on Form 1099-OID. Freetaxreturns Also, you must use Form 1040 if you were charged an early withdrawal penalty. Freetaxreturns Where to report. Freetaxreturns   List each payer's name (if a brokerage firm gave you a Form 1099, list the brokerage firm as the payer) and the amount received from each payer on Form 1040A, Schedule B, Part I, line 1, or Form 1040, Schedule B, line 1. Freetaxreturns Include all OID and periodic interest shown on any Form 1099-OID, boxes 1, 2, and 8, you received for the tax year. Freetaxreturns Also include any other OID and interest income for which you did not receive a Form 1099. Freetaxreturns Showing an OID adjustment. Freetaxreturns   If you use Form 1040 to report more or less OID than shown on Form 1099-OID, list the full OID on Schedule B, Part I, line 1, and follow the instructions under 1 or 2, next. Freetaxreturns   If you use Form 1040A to report the OID shown on a Form 1099-OID you received as a nominee for the actual owner, list the full OID on Schedule B, Part I, line 1 and follow the instructions under 1. Freetaxreturns If the OID, as adjusted, is less than the amount shown on Form 1099-OID, show the adjustment as follows. Freetaxreturns Under your last entry on line 1, subtotal all interest and OID income listed on line 1. Freetaxreturns Below the subtotal, write “Nominee Distribution” or “OID Adjustment” and show the OID you are not required to report. Freetaxreturns Subtract that OID from the subtotal and enter the result on line 2. Freetaxreturns If the OID, as adjusted, is more than the amount shown on Form 1099-OID, show the adjustment as follows. Freetaxreturns Under your last entry on line 1, subtotal all interest and OID income listed on line 1. Freetaxreturns Below the subtotal, write “OID Adjustment” and show the additional OID. Freetaxreturns Add that OID to the subtotal and enter the result on line 2. Freetaxreturns Figuring OID on Long-Term Debt Instruments How you figure the OID on a long-term debt instrument depends on the date it was issued. Freetaxreturns It also may depend on the type of the debt instrument. Freetaxreturns There are different rules for each of the following debt instruments. Freetaxreturns Corporate debt instruments issued after 1954 and before May 28, 1969, and government debt instruments issued after 1954 and before July 2, 1982. Freetaxreturns Corporate debt instruments issued after May 27, 1969, and before July 2, 1982. Freetaxreturns Debt instruments issued after July 1, 1982, and before 1985. Freetaxreturns Debt instruments issued after 1984 (other than debt instruments described in (5) and (6)). Freetaxreturns Contingent payment debt instruments issued after August 12, 1996. Freetaxreturns Inflation-indexed debt instruments (including Treasury inflation-protected securities) issued after January 5, 1997. Freetaxreturns Zero coupon bonds. Freetaxreturns   The rules for figuring OID on zero coupon bonds backed by U. Freetaxreturns S. Freetaxreturns Treasury securities are discussed under Figuring OID on Stripped Bonds and Coupons, later. Freetaxreturns Corporate Debt Instruments Issued After 1954 and Before May 28, 1969, and Government Debt Instruments Issued After 1954 and Before July 2, 1982 If you hold these debt instruments as capital assets, you include OID in income only in the year the debt instrument is sold, exchanged, or redeemed, and only if you have a gain. Freetaxreturns The OID, which is taxed as ordinary income, generally equals the following amount. Freetaxreturns   number of full months you held the debt instrument  number of full months from date of original issue to date of maturity X original issue discount The balance of the gain is capital gain. Freetaxreturns If there is a loss on the sale of the debt instrument, the entire loss is a capital loss and no OID is reported. Freetaxreturns Corporate Debt Instruments Issued After May 27, 1969, and Before July 2, 1982 If you hold these debt instruments as capital assets, you must include part of the OID in income each year you own the debt instruments. Freetaxreturns For information about showing the correct OID on your tax return, see the discussion under How To Report OID, earlier. Freetaxreturns Your basis in the debt instrument is increased by the OID you include in income. Freetaxreturns Form 1099-OID. Freetaxreturns   You should receive a Form 1099-OID showing OID for the part of the year you held the debt instrument. Freetaxreturns However, if you paid an acquisition premium, you may need to refigure the OID to report on your tax return. Freetaxreturns See Reduction for acquisition premium, later. Freetaxreturns If you held an OID debt instrument in a calendar year but did not receive a Form 1099-OID, see Form 1099-OID not received, immediately below, and refer to Section I-A available at www. Freetaxreturns irs. Freetaxreturns gov/pub1212 by clicking the link under Recent Developments. Freetaxreturns Form 1099-OID not received. Freetaxreturns    The OID listed is for each $1,000 of redemption price. Freetaxreturns You must adjust the listed amount if your debt instrument has a different principal amount. Freetaxreturns For example, if you have a debt instrument with a $500 principal amount, use one-half the listed amount to figure your OID. Freetaxreturns   If you held the debt instrument the entire year, use the OID shown in Section I-A for a calendar year. Freetaxreturns (If your debt instrument is not listed in Section I-A, consult the issuer for information about the issue price and the OID that accrued for that year. Freetaxreturns ) If you did not hold the debt instrument the entire year, figure your OID using the following method. Freetaxreturns Divide the OID shown by 12. Freetaxreturns Multiply the result in (1) by the number of complete and partial months (for example, 6½ months) you held the debt instrument during a calendar year. Freetaxreturns This is the OID to include in income unless you paid an acquisition premium. Freetaxreturns The reduction for acquisition premium is discussed next. Freetaxreturns Reduction for acquisition premium. Freetaxreturns   If you bought the debt instrument at an acquisition premium, figure the OID to include in income as follows. Freetaxreturns Divide the total OID on the debt instrument by the number of complete months, and any part of a month, from the date of original issue to the maturity date. Freetaxreturns This is the monthly OID. Freetaxreturns Subtract from your cost the issue price and the accumulated OID from the date of issue to the date of purchase. Freetaxreturns (If the result is zero or less, stop here. Freetaxreturns You did not pay an acquisition premium. Freetaxreturns ) Divide the amount figured in (2) by the number of complete months, and any part of a month, from the date of your purchase to the maturity date. Freetaxreturns Subtract the amount figured in (3) from the amount figured in (1). Freetaxreturns This is the OID to include in income for each month you hold the debt instrument during the year. Freetaxreturns Transfers during the month. Freetaxreturns   If you buy or sell a debt instrument on any day other than the same day of the month as the date of original issue, the ratable monthly portion of OID for the month of sale is divided between the seller and the buyer according to the number of days each held the debt instrument. Freetaxreturns Your holding period for this purpose begins the day you acquire the debt instrument and ends the day before you dispose of it. Freetaxreturns Debt Instruments Issued After July 1, 1982, and Before 1985 If you hold these debt instruments as capital assets, you must include part of the OID in income each year you own the debt instruments and increase your basis by the amount included. Freetaxreturns For information about showing the correct OID on your tax return, see How To Report OID, earlier. Freetaxreturns Form 1099-OID. Freetaxreturns   You should receive a Form 1099-OID showing OID for the part of the year you held the debt instrument. Freetaxreturns However, if you paid an acquisition premium, you may need to refigure the OID to report on your tax return. Freetaxreturns See Constant yield method and the discussions on acquisition premium that follow, later. Freetaxreturns If you held an OID debt instrument in a calendar year but did not receive a Form 1099-OID, see Form 1099-OID not received, immediately below, and refer to Section I-A available at www. Freetaxreturns irs. Freetaxreturns gov/pub1212 by clicking the link under Recent Developments. Freetaxreturns Form 1099-OID not received. Freetaxreturns    The OID listed is for each $1,000 of redemption price. Freetaxreturns You must adjust the listed amount if your debt instrument has a different principal amount. Freetaxreturns For example, if you have a debt instrument with a $500 principal amount, use one-half the listed amount to figure your OID. Freetaxreturns   If you held the debt instrument the entire year, use the OID shown in Section I-A. Freetaxreturns (If your instrument is not listed in Section I-A, consult the issuer for information about the issue price, the yield to maturity, and the OID that accrued for that year. Freetaxreturns ) If you did not hold the debt instrument the entire year, figure your OID using either of the following methods. Freetaxreturns Method 1. Freetaxreturns    Divide the total OID for a calendar year by 365 (366 for leap years). Freetaxreturns Multiply the result in (1) by the number of days you held the debt instrument during that particular year. Freetaxreturns  This computation is an approximation and may result in a slightly higher OID than Method 2. Freetaxreturns Method 2. Freetaxreturns    Look up the daily OID for the first accrual period you held the debt instrument during a calendar year. Freetaxreturns (See Accrual period under Constant yield method, next. Freetaxreturns ) Multiply the daily OID by the number of days you held the debt instrument during that accrual period. Freetaxreturns If you held the debt instrument for part of both accrual periods, repeat (1) and (2) for the second accrual period. Freetaxreturns Add the results of (2) and (3). Freetaxreturns This is the OID to include in income, unless you paid an acquisition premium. Freetaxreturns (The reduction for acquisition premium is discussed later. Freetaxreturns ) Constant yield method. Freetaxreturns   This discussion shows how to figure OID on debt instruments issued after July 1, 1982, and before 1985, using a constant yield method. Freetaxreturns OID is allocated over the life of the debt instrument through adjustments to the issue price for each accrual period. Freetaxreturns   Figure the OID allocable to any accrual period as follows. Freetaxreturns Multiply the adjusted issue price at the beginning of the accrual period by the debt instrument's yield to maturity. Freetaxreturns Subtract from the result in (1) any qualified stated interest allocable to the accrual period. Freetaxreturns Accrual period. Freetaxreturns   An accrual period for any OID debt instrument issued after July 1, 1982, and before 1985 is each 1-year period beginning on the date of the issue of the obligation and each anniversary thereafter, or the shorter period to maturity for the last accrual period. Freetaxreturns Your tax year will usually include parts of two accrual periods. Freetaxreturns Daily OID. Freetaxreturns   The OID for any accrual period is allocated equally to each day in the accrual period. Freetaxreturns You must include in income the sum of the OID amounts for each day you hold the debt instrument during the year. Freetaxreturns If your tax year includes parts of two or more accrual periods, you must include the proper daily OID amounts for each accrual period. Freetaxreturns Figuring daily OID. Freetaxreturns   The daily OID for the initial accrual period is figured using the following formula. Freetaxreturns   (ip × ytm) − qsi     p   ip = issue price ytm = yield to maturity qsi = qualified stated interest p = number of days in accrual period         The daily OID for subsequent accrual periods is figured the same way except the adjusted issue price at the beginning of each period is used in the formula instead of the issue price. Freetaxreturns Reduction for acquisition premium on debt instruments purchased before July 19, 1984. Freetaxreturns   If you bought the debt instrument at an acquisition premium before July 19, 1984, figure the OID includible in income by reducing the daily OID by the daily acquisition premium. Freetaxreturns Figure the daily acquisition premium by dividing the total acquisition premium by the number of days in the period beginning on your purchase date and ending on the day before the date of maturity. Freetaxreturns Reduction for acquisition premium on debt instruments purchased after July 18, 1984. Freetaxreturns   If you bought the debt instrument at an acquisition premium after July 18, 1984, figure the OID includible in income by reducing the daily OID by the daily acquisition premium. Freetaxreturns However, the method of figuring the daily acquisition premium is different from the method described in the preceding discussion. Freetaxreturns To figure the daily acquisition premium under this method, multiply the daily OID by the following fraction. Freetaxreturns The numerator is the acquisition premium. Freetaxreturns The denominator is the total OID remaining for the debt instrument after your purchase date. Freetaxreturns Section I-A is available at www. Freetaxreturns irs. Freetaxreturns gov/pub1212 and clicking the link under Recent Developments. Freetaxreturns Using Section I-A to figure accumulated OID. Freetaxreturns   If you bought your corporate debt instrument in a calendar year or the subsequent year, you can figure the accumulated OID to the date of purchase by adding the following amounts. Freetaxreturns The amount from the “Total OID to January 1, YYYY” column for your debt instrument. Freetaxreturns The OID from January 1 of a calendar year to the date of purchase, figured as follows. Freetaxreturns Multiply the daily OID for the first accrual period in the calendar year by the number of days from January 1 to the date of purchase, or the end of the accrual period if the debt instrument was purchased in the second or third accrual period. Freetaxreturns Multiply the daily OID for each subsequent accrual period by the number of days in the period to the date of purchase or the end of the accrual period, whichever applies. Freetaxreturns Add the amounts figured in (2a) and (2b). Freetaxreturns Debt Instruments Issued After 1984 If you hold debt instruments issued after 1984, you must report part of the OID in gross income each year that you own the debt instruments. Freetaxreturns You must include the OID in gross income whether or not you hold the debt instrument as a capital asset. Freetaxreturns Your basis in the debt instrument is increased by the OID you include in income. Freetaxreturns For information about showing the correct OID on your tax return, see How To Report OID, earlier. Freetaxreturns Form 1099-OID. Freetaxreturns   You should receive a Form 1099-OID showing OID for the part of a calendar year you held the debt instrument. Freetaxreturns However, if you paid an acquisition premium, you may need to refigure the OID to report on your tax return. Freetaxreturns See Constant yield method and Reduction for acquisition premium, later. Freetaxreturns   You may also need to refigure the OID for a contingent payment or inflation-indexed debt instrument on which the amount reported on Form 1099-OID is inaccurate. Freetaxreturns See Contingent Payment Debt Instruments or Inflation-Indexed Debt Instruments, later. Freetaxreturns If you held an OID debt instrument in a calendar year but did not receive a Form 1099-OID, see Form 1099-OID not received, immediately below, and refer to Section I-B available at www. Freetaxreturns irs. Freetaxreturns gov/pub1212 by clicking the link under Recent Developments. Freetaxreturns Form 1099-OID not received. Freetaxreturns   The OID listed is for each $1,000 of redemption price. Freetaxreturns You must adjust the listed amount if your debt instrument has a different principal amount. Freetaxreturns For example, if you have a debt instrument with a $500 principal amount, use one-half the listed amount to figure your OID. Freetaxreturns   Use the OID shown in Section I-B for a calendar year if you held the debt instrument the entire year. Freetaxreturns (If your debt instrument is not listed in Section I-B, consult the issuer for information about the issue price, the yield to maturity, and the OID that accrued for that year. Freetaxreturns ) If you did not hold the debt instrument the entire year, figure your OID as follows. Freetaxreturns Look up the daily OID for the first accrual period in which you held the debt instrument during a calendar year. Freetaxreturns (See Accrual period under Constant yield method, later. Freetaxreturns ) Multiply the daily OID by the number of days you held the debt instrument during that accrual period. Freetaxreturns Repeat (1) and (2) for any remaining accrual periods in which you held the debt instrument. Freetaxreturns Add the results of (2) and (3). Freetaxreturns This is the OID to include in income for that year, unless you paid an acquisition premium. Freetaxreturns (The reduction for acquisition premium is discussed later. Freetaxreturns ) Tax-exempt bond. Freetaxreturns   If you own a tax-exempt bond, figure your basis in the bond by adding to your cost the OID you would have included in income if the bond had been taxable. Freetaxreturns You need to make this adjustment to determine if you have a gain or loss on a later disposition of the bond. Freetaxreturns In general, use the rules that follow to determine your OID. Freetaxreturns Constant yield method. Freetaxreturns   This discussion shows how to figure OID on debt instruments issued after 1984 using a constant yield method. Freetaxreturns (The special rules that apply to contingent payment debt instruments and inflation-indexed debt instruments are explained later. Freetaxreturns ) OID is allocated over the life of the debt instrument through adjustments to the issue price for each accrual period. Freetaxreturns   Figure the OID allocable to any accrual period as follows. Freetaxreturns Multiply the adjusted issue price at the beginning of the accrual period by a fraction. Freetaxreturns The numerator of the fraction is the debt instrument's yield to maturity and the denominator is the number of accrual periods per year. Freetaxreturns The yield must be stated appropriately taking into account the length of the particular accrual period. Freetaxreturns Subtract from the result in (1) any qualified stated interest allocable to the accrual period. Freetaxreturns Accrual period. Freetaxreturns   For debt instruments issued after 1984 and before April 4, 1994, an accrual period is each 6-month period that ends on the day that corresponds to the stated maturity date of the debt instrument or the date 6 months before that date. Freetaxreturns For example, a debt instrument maturing on March 31 has accrual periods that end on September 30 and March 31 of each calendar year. Freetaxreturns Any short period is included as the first accrual period. Freetaxreturns   For debt instruments issued after April 3, 1994, accrual periods may be of any length and may vary in length over the term of the debt instrument, as long as each accrual period is no longer than 1 year and all payments are made on the first or last day of an accrual period. Freetaxreturns However, the OID listed for these debt instruments in Section I-B has been figured using 6-month accrual periods. Freetaxreturns Daily OID. Freetaxreturns   The OID for any accrual period is allocated equally to each day in the accrual period. Freetaxreturns Figure the amount to include in income by adding the OID for each day you hold the debt instrument during the year. Freetaxreturns Since your tax year will usually include parts of two or more accrual periods, you must include the proper daily OID for each accrual period. Freetaxreturns If your debt instrument has 6-month accrual periods, your tax year will usually include one full 6-month accrual period and parts of two other 6-month periods. Freetaxreturns Figuring daily OID. Freetaxreturns   The daily OID for the initial accrual period is figured using the following formula. Freetaxreturns   (ip × ytm/n) − qsi     p   ip = issue price ytm = yield to maturity n = number of accrual periods in 1 year qsi = qualified stated interest p = number of days in accrual period       The daily OID for subsequent accrual periods is figured the same way except the adjusted issue price at the beginning of each period is used in the formula instead of the issue price. Freetaxreturns Example 5. Freetaxreturns On January 1 of Year 1, you bought a 15-year, 10% debt instrument of A Corporation at original issue for $86,235. Freetaxreturns 17. Freetaxreturns According to the prospectus, the debt instrument matures on December 31 of Year 15 at a stated redemption price of $100,000. Freetaxreturns The yield to maturity is 12%, compounded semiannually. Freetaxreturns The debt instrument provides for qualified stated interest payments of $5,000 on June 30 and December 31 of each calendar year. Freetaxreturns The accrual periods are the 6-month periods ending on each of these dates. Freetaxreturns The number of days for the first accrual period (January 1 through June 30) is 181 days (182 for leap years). Freetaxreturns The daily OID for the first accrual period is figured as follows. Freetaxreturns   ($86,235. Freetaxreturns 17 x . Freetaxreturns 12/2) – $5,000     181 days     = $174. Freetaxreturns 11020 = $. Freetaxreturns 96193   181           The adjusted issue price at the beginning of the second accrual period is the issue price plus the OID previously includible in income ($86,235. Freetaxreturns 17 + $174. Freetaxreturns 11), or $86,409. Freetaxreturns 28. Freetaxreturns The number of days for the second accrual period (July 1 through December 31) is 184 days. Freetaxreturns The daily OID for the second accrual period is figured as follows. Freetaxreturns   ($86,409. Freetaxreturns 28 x . Freetaxreturns 12/2) – $5,000     184 days     = $184. Freetaxreturns 55681 = $1. Freetaxreturns 00303   184 Since the first and second accrual periods coincide exactly with your tax year, you include in income for Year 1 the OID allocable to the first two accrual periods, $174. Freetaxreturns 11 ($. Freetaxreturns 95665 × 182 days) plus $184. Freetaxreturns 56 ($1. Freetaxreturns 00303 × 184 days), or $358. Freetaxreturns 67. Freetaxreturns Add the OID to the $10,000 interest you report on your income tax return for Year 1. Freetaxreturns Example 6. Freetaxreturns Assume the same facts as in Example 5, except that you bought the debt instrument at original issue on May 1 of Year 1, with a maturity date of April 30, Year 16. Freetaxreturns Also, the interest payment dates are October 31 and April 30 of each calendar year. Freetaxreturns The accrual periods are the 6-month periods ending on each of these dates. Freetaxreturns The number of days for the first accrual period (May 1 through October 31) is 184 days. Freetaxreturns The daily OID for the first accrual period is figured as follows. Freetaxreturns   ($86,235. Freetaxreturns 17 x . Freetaxreturns 12/2) – $5,000     184 days     = $174. Freetaxreturns 11020 = $. Freetaxreturns 94625   184           The number of days for the second accrual period (November 1 through April 30) is 181 days (182 for leap years). Freetaxreturns The daily OID for the second accrual period is figured as follows. Freetaxreturns   ($86,409. Freetaxreturns 28 x . Freetaxreturns 12/2) – $5,000     181 days     = $184. Freetaxreturns 55681 = $1. Freetaxreturns 01965   181 If you hold the debt instrument through the end of Year 1, you must include $236. Freetaxreturns 31 of OID in income. Freetaxreturns This is $174. Freetaxreturns 11 ($. Freetaxreturns 94625 × 184 days) for the period May 1 through October 31 plus $62. Freetaxreturns 20 ($1. Freetaxreturns 01965 × 61 days) for the period November 1 through December 31. Freetaxreturns The OID is added to the $5,000 interest income paid on October 31 of Year 1. Freetaxreturns Your basis in the debt instrument is increased by the OID you include in income. Freetaxreturns On January 1 of Year 2, your basis in the A Corporation debt instrument is $86,471. Freetaxreturns 48 ($86,235. Freetaxreturns 17 + $236. Freetaxreturns 31). Freetaxreturns Short first accrual period. Freetaxreturns   You may have to make adjustments if a debt instrument has a short first accrual period. Freetaxreturns For example, a debt instrument with 6-month accrual periods that is issued on February 15 and matures on October 31 has a short first accrual period that ends April 30. Freetaxreturns (The remaining accrual periods begin on May 1 and November 1. Freetaxreturns ) For this short period, figure the daily OID as described earlier, but adjust the yield for the length of the short accrual period. Freetaxreturns You may use any reasonable compounding method in determining OID for a short period. Freetaxreturns Examples of reasonable compounding methods include continuous compounding and monthly compounding (that is, simple interest within a month). Freetaxreturns Consult your tax advisor for more information about making this computation. Freetaxreturns   The OID for the final accrual period is the difference between the amount payable at maturity (other than a payment of qualified stated interest) and the adjusted issue price at the beginning of the final accrual period. Freetaxreturns Reduction for acquisition premium. Freetaxreturns   If you bought the debt instrument at an acquisition premium, figure the OID includible in income by reducing the daily OID by the daily acquisition premium. Freetaxreturns To figure the daily acquisition premium, multiply the daily OID by the following fraction. Freetaxreturns The numerator is the acquisition premium. Freetaxreturns The denominator is the total OID remaining for the debt instrument after your purchase date. Freetaxreturns Example 7. Freetaxreturns Assume the same facts as in Example 6, except that you bought the debt instrument on November 1 of Year 1 for $87,000, after its original issue on May 1 of Year 1. Freetaxreturns The adjusted issue price on November 1 of Year 1 is $86,409. Freetaxreturns 28 ($86,235. Freetaxreturns 17 + $174. Freetaxreturns 11). Freetaxreturns In this case, you paid an acquisition premium of $590. Freetaxreturns 72 ($87,000 − $86,409. Freetaxreturns 28). Freetaxreturns The daily OID for the accrual period November 1 through April 30, reduced for the acquisition premium, is figured as follows. Freetaxreturns 1) Daily OID on date of purchase (2nd accrual period) $1. Freetaxreturns 01965*  2)  Acquisition premium $590. Freetaxreturns 72    3)  Total OID remaining after purchase date ($13,764. Freetaxreturns 83 − $174. Freetaxreturns 11) 13,590. Freetaxreturns 72   4) Line 2 ÷ line 3 . Freetaxreturns 04346  5)  Line 1 × line 4 . Freetaxreturns 04432  6)  Daily OID reduced for the acquisition premium. Freetaxreturns Line 1 − line 5 $0. Freetaxreturns 97533  * As shown in Example 6. Freetaxreturns The total OID to include in income for Year 1 is $59. Freetaxreturns 50 ($. Freetaxreturns 97533 × 61 days). Freetaxreturns Contingent Payment Debt Instruments This discussion shows how to figure OID on a contingent payment debt instrument issued after August 12, 1996, that was issued for cash or publicly traded property. Freetaxreturns In general, a contingent payment debt instrument provides for one or more payments that are contingent as to timing or amount. Freetaxreturns If you hold a contingent payment bond, you must report OID as it accrues each year. Freetaxreturns Because the actual payments on a contingent payment debt instrument cannot be known in advance, issuers and holders cannot use the constant yield method (discussed earlier under Debt Instruments Issued After 1984) without making certain assumptions about the payments on the debt instrument. Freetaxreturns To figure OID accruals on contingent payment debt instruments, holders and issuers must use the noncontingent bond method. Freetaxreturns Noncontingent bond method. Freetaxreturns    Under this method, the issuer must compute a comparable yield for the debt instrument and, based on this yield, construct a projected payment schedule for the instrument, which includes a projected fixed amount for each contingent payment. Freetaxreturns In general, holders and issuers accrue OID on this projected payment schedule using the constant yield method that applies to fixed payment debt instruments. Freetaxreturns When a contingent payment differs from the projected fixed amount, the holders and issuers make adjustments to their OID accruals. Freetaxreturns If the actual contingent payment is larger than expected, both the issuer and the holder increase their OID accruals. Freetaxreturns If the actual contingent payment is smaller than expected, holders and issuers generally decrease their OID accruals. Freetaxreturns Form 1099-OID. Freetaxreturns   The amount shown on Form 1099-OID in box 1 you receive for a contingent payment debt instrument may not be the correct amount to include in income. Freetaxreturns For example, the amount may not be correct if the contingent payment was different from the projected amount. Freetaxreturns If the amount in box 1 is not correct, you must figure the OID to report on your return under the following rules. Freetaxreturns For information on showing an OID adjustment on your tax return, see How To Report OID, earlier. Freetaxreturns Figuring OID. Freetaxreturns   To figure OID on a contingent payment debt instrument, you need to know the “comparable yield” and “projected payment schedule” of the debt instrument. Freetaxreturns The issuer must make these available to you. Freetaxreturns Comparable yield. Freetaxreturns   The comparable yield generally is the yield at which the issuer would issue a fixed rate debt instrument with terms and conditions similar to those of the contingent payment debt instrument. Freetaxreturns The comparable yield is determined as of the debt instrument's issue date. Freetaxreturns Projected payment schedule. Freetaxreturns   The projected payment schedule for a contingent payment debt instrument includes all fixed payments due under the instrument and a projected fixed amount for each contingent payment. Freetaxreturns The projected payment schedule is created by the issuer as of the debt instrument's issue date. Freetaxreturns It is used to determine the issuer's and holder's interest accruals and adjustments. Freetaxreturns Steps for figuring OID. Freetaxreturns   Figure the OID on a contingent payment debt instrument in two steps. Freetaxreturns Figure the OID using the constant yield method (discussed earlier under Debt Instruments Issued After 1984 ) that applies to fixed payment debt instruments. Freetaxreturns Use the comparable yield as the yield to maturity. Freetaxreturns In general, use the projected payment schedule to determine the instrument's adjusted issue price at the beginning of each accrual period (other than the initial period). Freetaxreturns Do not treat any amount payable as qualified stated interest. Freetaxreturns Adjust the OID in (1) to account for actual contingent payments. Freetaxreturns If the contingent payment is greater than the projected fixed amount, you have a positive adjustment. Freetaxreturns If the contingent payment is less than the projected fixed amount, you have a negative adjustment. Freetaxreturns Net positive adjustment. Freetaxreturns   A net positive adjustment exists for a tax year when the total of any positive adjustments described in (2) above for the tax year is more than the total of any negative adjustments for the tax year. Freetaxreturns Treat a net positive adjustment as additional OID for the tax year. Freetaxreturns Net negative adjustment. Freetaxreturns   A net negative adjustment exists for a tax year when the total of any negative adjustments described in (2) above for the tax year is more than the total of any positive adjustments for the tax year. Freetaxreturns Use a net negative adjustment to offset OID on the debt instrument for the tax year. Freetaxreturns If the net negative adjustment is more than the OID on the debt instrument for the tax year, you can claim the difference as an ordinary loss. Freetaxreturns However, the amount you can claim as an ordinary loss is limited to the OID on the debt instrument you included in income in prior tax years. Freetaxreturns You must carry forward any net negative adjustment that is more than the total OID for the tax year and prior tax years and treat it as a negative adjustment in the next tax year. Freetaxreturns Basis adjustments. Freetaxreturns   In general, increase your basis in a contingent payment debt instrument by the OID included in income. Freetaxreturns Your basis, however, is not affected by any negative or positive adjustments. Freetaxreturns Decrease your basis by any noncontingent payment received and the projected contingent payment scheduled to be received. Freetaxreturns Treatment of gain or loss on sale or exchange. Freetaxreturns   If you sell a contingent payment debt instrument at a gain, your gain is ordinary income (interest income), even if you hold the debt instrument as a capital asset. Freetaxreturns If you sell a contingent payment debt instrument at a loss, your loss is an ordinary loss to the extent of your prior OID accruals on the debt instrument. Freetaxreturns If the debt instrument is a capital asset, treat any loss that is more than your prior OID accruals as a capital loss. Freetaxreturns See Regulations section 1. Freetaxreturns 1275-4 for exceptions to these rules. Freetaxreturns Premium, acquisition premium, and market discount. Freetaxreturns   The rules for accruing premium, acquisition premium, and market discount do not apply to a contingent payment debt instrument. Freetaxreturns See Regulations section 1. Freetaxreturns 1275-4 to determine how to account for these items. Freetaxreturns Inflation-Indexed Debt Instruments This discussion shows how you figure OID on certain inflation-indexed debt instruments issued after January 5, 1997. Freetaxreturns An inflation-indexed debt instrument is generally a debt instrument on which the payments are adjusted for inflation and d