File your Taxes for Free!
  • Get your maximum refund*
  • 100% accurate calculations guaranteed*

TurboTax Federal Free Edition - File Taxes Online

Don't let filing your taxes get you down! We'll help make it as easy as possible. With e-file and direct deposit, there's no faster way to get your refund!

Approved TurboTax Affiliate Site. TurboTax and TurboTax Online, among others, are registered trademarks and/or service marks of Intuit Inc. in the United States and other countries. Other parties' trademarks or service marks are the property of the respective owners.


© 2012 - 2018 All rights reserved.

This is an Approved TurboTax Affiliate site. TurboTax and TurboTax Online, among other are registered trademarks and/or service marks of Intuit, Inc. in the United States and other countries. Other parties' trademarks or service marks are the property of the respective owners.
When discussing "Free e-file", note that state e-file is an additional fee. E-file fees do not apply to New York state returns. Prices are subject to change without notice. E-file and get your refund faster
*If you pay an IRS or state penalty or interest because of a TurboTax calculations error, we'll pay you the penalty and interest.
*Maximum Refund Guarantee - or Your Money Back: If you get a larger refund or smaller tax due from another tax preparation method, we'll refund the applicable TurboTax federal and/or state purchase price paid. TurboTax Federal Free Edition customers are entitled to payment of $14.99 and a refund of your state purchase price paid. Claims must be submitted within sixty (60) days of your TurboTax filing date and no later than 6/15/14. E-file, Audit Defense, Professional Review, Refund Transfer and technical support fees are excluded. This guarantee cannot be combined with the TurboTax Satisfaction (Easy) Guarantee. *We're so confident your return will be done right, we guarantee it. Accurate calculations guaranteed. If you pay an IRS or state penalty or interest because of a TurboTax calculations error, we'll pay you the penalty and interest.
https://turbotax.intuit.com/corp/guarantees.jsp

Freetaxusa

1040 Ez FormHighest State TaxesTax Forms EzFile 2010 Taxes Turbotax2010 Tax Return2012 Taxes Free OnlineI Need To File My 2012 Federal TaxesFree Income Tax FilingH And R Block Free Tax ReturnFile 2012 Tax ReturnsTax Forms Online2011 Taxes FormsForm 1040 EzH And R Block E FileFree Ez Tax FormFiling Late Taxes1040ez EfileStatetaxesEz Form 2014Tax Form 1040nrAmended 10401040nr Ez 2013Visit Www Irs Gov Freefile1040 Ez OnlineFree Tax Return1040ez FormsFile My State Tax Return Free1040ez FilingPa 1040ezForm 1040ez More:label_form_201040ez More:taxesVita Income Tax Bakersfield Ca2011 Tax BracketsH And R Block Free StateFile Past Year Taxes2009 Tax Return FormAmended Tax FormFile Your Taxes OnlineStudent Tax Return CalculatorTax Act 2012 Login Return UserFile Taxes Last Year

Freetaxusa

Freetaxusa 5. Freetaxusa   Ministers and Church Employees Table of Contents Alternative Limit for Church Employees Changes to Includible Compensation for Most Recent Year of ServiceChanges to Includible Compensation Changes to Years of Service Self-employed ministers and church employees who participate in 403(b) plans generally follow the same rules as other 403(b) plan participants. Freetaxusa This means that if you are a self-employed minister or a church employee, your MAC generally is the lesser of: Your limit on annual additions, or Your limit on elective deferrals. Freetaxusa For most ministers and church employees, the limit on annual additions is figured without any changes. Freetaxusa This means that if you are a minister or church employee, your limit on annual additions generally is the lesser of: $51,000 for 2013 and $52,000 for 2014, or Your includible compensation for your most recent year of service. Freetaxusa Although, in general, the same limit applies, church employees can choose an alternative limit and there are changes in how church employees, foreign missionaries, and self-employed ministers figure includible compensation for the most recent year of service. Freetaxusa This chapter will explain the alternative limit and the changes. Freetaxusa Who is a church employee?   A church employee is anyone who is an employee of a church or a convention or association of churches, including an employee of a tax-exempt organization controlled by or associated with a church or a convention or association of churches. Freetaxusa Alternative Limit for Church Employees If you are a church employee, you can choose to use $10,000 a year as your limit on annual additions, even if your annual additions computed under the general rule is less. Freetaxusa Total contributions over your lifetime under this choice cannot be more than $40,000. Freetaxusa Changes to Includible Compensation for Most Recent Year of Service There are two types of changes in determining includible compensation for the most recent year of service. Freetaxusa They are: Changes in how the includible compensation of foreign missionaries and self-employed ministers is figured, and A change to the years that are counted when figuring the most recent year of service for church employees and self-employed ministers. Freetaxusa Changes to Includible Compensation Includible compensation is figured differently for foreign missionaries and self-employed ministers. Freetaxusa Foreign missionary. Freetaxusa   If you are a foreign missionary, your includible compensation includes foreign earned income that may otherwise be excludable from your gross income under section 911. Freetaxusa   If you are a foreign missionary, and your adjusted gross income is $17,000 or less, contributions to your 403(b) account will not be treated as exceeding the limit on annual additions if the contributions are not in excess of $3,000. Freetaxusa   You are a foreign missionary if you are either a layperson or a duly ordained, commissioned, or licensed minister of a church and you meet both of the following requirements. Freetaxusa You are an employee of a church or convention or association of churches. Freetaxusa You are performing services for the church outside the United States. Freetaxusa Self-employed minister. Freetaxusa   If you are a self-employed minister, you are treated as an employee of a tax-exempt organization that is a qualified employer. Freetaxusa Your includible compensation is your net earnings from your ministry minus the contributions made to the retirement plan on your behalf and the deductible portion of your self-employment tax. Freetaxusa Changes to Years of Service Generally, only service with the employer who maintains your 403(b) account can be counted when figuring your limit on annual additions. Freetaxusa Church employees. Freetaxusa   If you are a church employee, treat all of your years of service as an employee of a church or a convention or association of churches as years of service with one employer. Freetaxusa Self-employed minister. Freetaxusa   If you are a self-employed minister, your years of service include full and part years during which you were self-employed. Freetaxusa Prev  Up  Next   Home   More Online Publications
Español

Better Business Bureaus (BBBs) are nonprofit organizations that encourage honest advertising and selling practices and are supported primarily by local businesses. They offer a variety of consumer services, including consumer education materials; business reports, particularly unanswered or unsettled complaints or other problems; mediation and arbitration services; and information about charities and other organizations that are seeking public donations. They also provide ratings (A, B, C, D, or F) of local companies to express the BBB's confidence that the company operates in a trustworthy manner and demonstrates a willingness to resolve customer concerns.

Washington, DC

Website: Better Business Bureau

Email: info@mybbb.org

Address: Better Business Bureau
1411 K St., NW, Suite 1000
Washington, DC 20005

Phone Number: 202-393-8000

The Freetaxusa

Freetaxusa 1. Freetaxusa   Traditional IRAs Table of Contents What's New for 2013 What's New for 2014 Introduction Who Can Open a Traditional IRA?What Is Compensation? When Can a Traditional IRA Be Opened? How Can a Traditional IRA Be Opened?Individual Retirement Account Individual Retirement Annuity Individual Retirement Bonds Simplified Employee Pension (SEP) Employer and Employee Association Trust Accounts Required Disclosures How Much Can Be Contributed?Limit. Freetaxusa When repayment contributions can be made. Freetaxusa No deduction. Freetaxusa Reserve component. Freetaxusa Figuring your IRA deduction. Freetaxusa Reporting the repayment. Freetaxusa Example. Freetaxusa General Limit Kay Bailey Hutchison Spousal IRA Limit Filing Status Less Than Maximum Contributions More Than Maximum Contributions When Can Contributions Be Made? How Much Can You Deduct?Kay Bailey Hutchison Spousal IRA. Freetaxusa Are You Covered by an Employer Plan? Limit if Covered by Employer Plan Reporting Deductible Contributions Nondeductible Contributions Examples — Worksheet for Reduced IRA Deduction for 2013 What if You Inherit an IRA?Treating it as your own. Freetaxusa Can You Move Retirement Plan Assets?Transfers to Roth IRAs from other retirement plans. Freetaxusa Trustee-to-Trustee Transfer Rollovers Transfers Incident To Divorce Converting From Any Traditional IRA Into a Roth IRA Recharacterizations When Can You Withdraw or Use Assets?Contributions Returned Before Due Date of Return When Must You Withdraw Assets? (Required Minimum Distributions)IRA Owners IRA Beneficiaries Which Table Do You Use To Determine Your Required Minimum Distribution? What Age(s) Do You Use With the Table(s)? Miscellaneous Rules for Required Minimum Distributions Are Distributions Taxable?January 2013 QCDs treated as made in 2012. Freetaxusa 2013 Reporting. Freetaxusa Additional reporting requirements if you made the election to treat a January 2013 QCD as made in 2012. Freetaxusa One-time transfer. Freetaxusa Testing period rules apply. Freetaxusa More information. Freetaxusa Distributions Fully or Partly Taxable Figuring the Nontaxable and Taxable Amounts Recognizing Losses on Traditional IRA Investments Other Special IRA Distribution Situations Reporting and Withholding Requirements for Taxable Amounts What Acts Result in Penalties or Additional Taxes?Prohibited Transactions Investment in Collectibles Excess Contributions Early Distributions Excess Accumulations (Insufficient Distributions) Reporting Additional Taxes What's New for 2013 Traditional IRA contribution and deduction limit. Freetaxusa  The contribution limit to your traditional IRA for 2013 will be increased to the smaller of the following amounts: $5,500, or Your taxable compensation for the year. Freetaxusa If you were age 50 or older before 2014, the most that can be contributed to your traditional IRA for 2013 will be the smaller of the following amounts: $6,500, or Your taxable compensation for the year. Freetaxusa For more information, see How Much Can Be Contributed? in this chapter. Freetaxusa Modified AGI limit for traditional IRA contributions increased. Freetaxusa  For 2013, if you were covered by a retirement plan at work, your deduction for contributions to a traditional IRA is reduced (phased out) if your modified AGI is: More than $95,000 but less than $115,000 for a married couple filing a joint return or a qualifying widow(er), More than $59,000 but less than $69,000 for a single individual or head of household, or Less than $10,000 for a married individual filing a separate return. Freetaxusa If you either lived with your spouse or file a joint return, and your spouse was covered by a retirement plan at work, but you were not, your deduction is phased out if your modified AGI is more than $178,000 but less than $188,000. Freetaxusa If your modified AGI is $188,000 or more, you cannot take a deduction for contributions to a traditional IRA. Freetaxusa See How Much Can You Deduct? in this chapter. Freetaxusa Net Investment Income Tax. Freetaxusa  For purposes of the Net Investment Income Tax (NIIT), net investment income does not include distributions from a qualified retirement plan (for example, 401(a), 403(a), 403(b), 457(b) plans, and IRAs). Freetaxusa However, these distributions are taken into account when determining the modified adjusted gross income threshold. Freetaxusa Distributions from a nonqualified retirement plan are included in net investment income. Freetaxusa See Form 8960, Net Investment Income Tax—Individuals, Estates, and Trusts, and its instructions for more information. Freetaxusa What's New for 2014 Modified AGI limit for traditional IRA contributions increased. Freetaxusa  For 2014, if you are covered by a retirement plan at work, your deduction for contributions to a traditional IRA is reduced (phased out) if your modified AGI is: More than $96,000 but less than $116,000 for a married couple filing a joint return or a qualifying widow(er), More than $60,000 but less than $70,000 for a single individual or head of household, or Less than $10,000 for a married individual filing a separate return. Freetaxusa If you either live with your spouse or file a joint return, and your spouse is covered by a retirement plan at work, but you are not, your deduction is phased out if your modified AGI is more than $181,000 but less than $191,000. Freetaxusa If your modified AGI is $191,000 or more, you cannot take a deduction for contributions to a traditional IRA. Freetaxusa Introduction This chapter discusses the original IRA. Freetaxusa In this publication the original IRA (sometimes called an ordinary or regular IRA) is referred to as a “traditional IRA. Freetaxusa ” A traditional IRA is any IRA that is not a Roth IRA or a SIMPLE IRA. Freetaxusa The following are two advantages of a traditional IRA: You may be able to deduct some or all of your contributions to it, depending on your circumstances. Freetaxusa Generally, amounts in your IRA, including earnings and gains, are not taxed until they are distributed. Freetaxusa Who Can Open a Traditional IRA? You can open and make contributions to a traditional IRA if: You (or, if you file a joint return, your spouse) received taxable compensation during the year, and You were not age 70½ by the end of the year. Freetaxusa You can have a traditional IRA whether or not you are covered by any other retirement plan. Freetaxusa However, you may not be able to deduct all of your contributions if you or your spouse is covered by an employer retirement plan. Freetaxusa See How Much Can You Deduct , later. Freetaxusa Both spouses have compensation. Freetaxusa   If both you and your spouse have compensation and are under age 70½, each of you can open an IRA. Freetaxusa You cannot both participate in the same IRA. Freetaxusa If you file a joint return, only one of you needs to have compensation. Freetaxusa What Is Compensation? Generally, compensation is what you earn from working. Freetaxusa For a summary of what compensation does and does not include, see Table 1-1. Freetaxusa Compensation includes all of the items discussed next (even if you have more than one type). Freetaxusa Wages, salaries, etc. Freetaxusa   Wages, salaries, tips, professional fees, bonuses, and other amounts you receive for providing personal services are compensation. Freetaxusa The IRS treats as compensation any amount properly shown in box 1 (Wages, tips, other compensation) of Form W-2, Wage and Tax Statement, provided that amount is reduced by any amount properly shown in box 11 (Nonqualified plans). Freetaxusa Scholarship and fellowship payments are compensation for IRA purposes only if shown in box 1 of Form W-2. Freetaxusa Commissions. Freetaxusa   An amount you receive that is a percentage of profits or sales price is compensation. Freetaxusa Self-employment income. Freetaxusa   If you are self-employed (a sole proprietor or a partner), compensation is the net earnings from your trade or business (provided your personal services are a material income-producing factor) reduced by the total of: The deduction for contributions made on your behalf to retirement plans, and The deduction allowed for the deductible part of your self-employment taxes. Freetaxusa   Compensation includes earnings from self-employment even if they are not subject to self-employment tax because of your religious beliefs. Freetaxusa Self-employment loss. Freetaxusa   If you have a net loss from self-employment, do not subtract the loss from your salaries or wages when figuring your total compensation. Freetaxusa Alimony and separate maintenance. Freetaxusa   For IRA purposes, compensation includes any taxable alimony and separate maintenance payments you receive under a decree of divorce or separate maintenance. Freetaxusa Nontaxable combat pay. Freetaxusa   If you were a member of the U. Freetaxusa S. Freetaxusa Armed Forces, compensation includes any nontaxable combat pay you received. Freetaxusa This amount should be reported in box 12 of your 2013 Form W-2 with code Q. Freetaxusa Table 1-1. Freetaxusa Compensation for Purposes of an IRA Includes . Freetaxusa . Freetaxusa . Freetaxusa Does not include . Freetaxusa . Freetaxusa . Freetaxusa   earnings and profits from property. Freetaxusa wages, salaries, etc. Freetaxusa     interest and dividend income. Freetaxusa commissions. Freetaxusa     pension or annuity income. Freetaxusa self-employment income. Freetaxusa     deferred compensation. Freetaxusa alimony and separate maintenance. Freetaxusa     income from certain  partnerships. Freetaxusa nontaxable combat pay. Freetaxusa     any amounts you exclude from income. Freetaxusa     What Is Not Compensation? Compensation does not include any of the following items. Freetaxusa Earnings and profits from property, such as rental income, interest income, and dividend income. Freetaxusa Pension or annuity income. Freetaxusa Deferred compensation received (compensation payments postponed from a past year). Freetaxusa Income from a partnership for which you do not provide services that are a material income-producing factor. Freetaxusa Conservation Reserve Program (CRP) payments reported on Schedule SE (Form 1040), line 1b. Freetaxusa Any amounts (other than combat pay) you exclude from income, such as foreign earned income and housing costs. Freetaxusa When Can a Traditional IRA Be Opened? You can open a traditional IRA at any time. Freetaxusa However, the time for making contributions for any year is limited. Freetaxusa See When Can Contributions Be Made , later. Freetaxusa How Can a Traditional IRA Be Opened? You can open different kinds of IRAs with a variety of organizations. Freetaxusa You can open an IRA at a bank or other financial institution or with a mutual fund or life insurance company. Freetaxusa You can also open an IRA through your stockbroker. Freetaxusa Any IRA must meet Internal Revenue Code requirements. Freetaxusa The requirements for the various arrangements are discussed below. Freetaxusa Kinds of traditional IRAs. Freetaxusa   Your traditional IRA can be an individual retirement account or annuity. Freetaxusa It can be part of either a simplified employee pension (SEP) or an employer or employee association trust account. Freetaxusa Individual Retirement Account An individual retirement account is a trust or custodial account set up in the United States for the exclusive benefit of you or your beneficiaries. Freetaxusa The account is created by a written document. Freetaxusa The document must show that the account meets all of the following requirements. Freetaxusa The trustee or custodian must be a bank, a federally insured credit union, a savings and loan association, or an entity approved by the IRS to act as trustee or custodian. Freetaxusa The trustee or custodian generally cannot accept contributions of more than the deductible amount for the year. Freetaxusa However, rollover contributions and employer contributions to a simplified employee pension (SEP) can be more than this amount. Freetaxusa Contributions, except for rollover contributions, must be in cash. Freetaxusa See Rollovers , later. Freetaxusa You must have a nonforfeitable right to the amount at all times. Freetaxusa Money in your account cannot be used to buy a life insurance policy. Freetaxusa Assets in your account cannot be combined with other property, except in a common trust fund or common investment fund. Freetaxusa You must start receiving distributions by April 1 of the year following the year in which you reach age 70½. Freetaxusa See When Must You Withdraw Assets? (Required Minimum Distributions) , later. Freetaxusa Individual Retirement Annuity You can open an individual retirement annuity by purchasing an annuity contract or an endowment contract from a life insurance company. Freetaxusa An individual retirement annuity must be issued in your name as the owner, and either you or your beneficiaries who survive you are the only ones who can receive the benefits or payments. Freetaxusa An individual retirement annuity must meet all the following requirements. Freetaxusa Your entire interest in the contract must be nonforfeitable. Freetaxusa The contract must provide that you cannot transfer any portion of it to any person other than the issuer. Freetaxusa There must be flexible premiums so that if your compensation changes, your payment can also change. Freetaxusa This provision applies to contracts issued after November 6, 1978. Freetaxusa The contract must provide that contributions cannot be more than the deductible amount for an IRA for the year, and that you must use any refunded premiums to pay for future premiums or to buy more benefits before the end of the calendar year after the year in which you receive the refund. Freetaxusa Distributions must begin by April 1 of the year following the year in which you reach age 70½. Freetaxusa See When Must You Withdraw Assets? (Required Minimum Distributions) , later. Freetaxusa Individual Retirement Bonds The sale of individual retirement bonds issued by the federal government was suspended after April 30, 1982. Freetaxusa The bonds have the following features. Freetaxusa They stop earning interest when you reach age 70½. Freetaxusa If you die, interest will stop 5 years after your death, or on the date you would have reached age 70½, whichever is earlier. Freetaxusa You cannot transfer the bonds. Freetaxusa If you cash (redeem) the bonds before the year in which you reach age 59½, you may be subject to a 10% additional tax. Freetaxusa See Age 59½ Rule under Early Distributions, later. Freetaxusa You can roll over redemption proceeds into IRAs. Freetaxusa Simplified Employee Pension (SEP) A simplified employee pension (SEP) is a written arrangement that allows your employer to make deductible contributions to a traditional IRA (a SEP IRA) set up for you to receive such contributions. Freetaxusa Generally, distributions from SEP IRAs are subject to the withdrawal and tax rules that apply to traditional IRAs. Freetaxusa See Publication 560 for more information about SEPs. Freetaxusa Employer and Employee Association Trust Accounts Your employer or your labor union or other employee association can set up a trust to provide individual retirement accounts for employees or members. Freetaxusa The requirements for individual retirement accounts apply to these traditional IRAs. Freetaxusa Required Disclosures The trustee or issuer (sometimes called the sponsor) of your traditional IRA generally must give you a disclosure statement at least 7 days before you open your IRA. Freetaxusa However, the sponsor does not have to give you the statement until the date you open (or purchase, if earlier) your IRA, provided you are given at least 7 days from that date to revoke the IRA. Freetaxusa The disclosure statement must explain certain items in plain language. Freetaxusa For example, the statement should explain when and how you can revoke the IRA, and include the name, address, and telephone number of the person to receive the notice of cancellation. Freetaxusa This explanation must appear at the beginning of the disclosure statement. Freetaxusa If you revoke your IRA within the revocation period, the sponsor must return to you the entire amount you paid. Freetaxusa The sponsor must report on the appropriate IRS forms both your contribution to the IRA (unless it was made by a trustee-to-trustee transfer) and the amount returned to you. Freetaxusa These requirements apply to all sponsors. Freetaxusa How Much Can Be Contributed? There are limits and other rules that affect the amount that can be contributed to a traditional IRA. Freetaxusa These limits and rules are explained below. Freetaxusa Community property laws. Freetaxusa   Except as discussed later under Kay Bailey Hutchison Spousal IRA Limit , each spouse figures his or her limit separately, using his or her own compensation. Freetaxusa This is the rule even in states with community property laws. Freetaxusa Brokers' commissions. Freetaxusa   Brokers' commissions paid in connection with your traditional IRA are subject to the contribution limit. Freetaxusa For information about whether you can deduct brokers' commissions, see Brokers' commissions , later, under How Much Can You Deduct. Freetaxusa Trustees' fees. Freetaxusa   Trustees' administrative fees are not subject to the contribution limit. Freetaxusa For information about whether you can deduct trustees' fees, see Trustees' fees , later, under How Much Can You Deduct. Freetaxusa Qualified reservist repayments. Freetaxusa   If you were a member of a reserve component and you were ordered or called to active duty after September 11, 2001, you may be able to contribute (repay) to an IRA amounts equal to any qualified reservist distributions (defined later under Early Distributions) you received. Freetaxusa You can make these repayment contributions even if they would cause your total contributions to the IRA to be more than the general limit on contributions. Freetaxusa To be eligible to make these repayment contributions, you must have received a qualified reservist distribution from an IRA or from a section 401(k) or 403(b) plan or a similar arrangement. Freetaxusa Limit. Freetaxusa   Your qualified reservist repayments cannot be more than your qualified reservist distributions, explained under Early Distributions , later. Freetaxusa When repayment contributions can be made. Freetaxusa   You cannot make these repayment contributions later than the date that is 2 years after your active duty period ends. Freetaxusa No deduction. Freetaxusa   You cannot deduct qualified reservist repayments. Freetaxusa Reserve component. Freetaxusa   The term “reserve component” means the: Army National Guard of the United States, Army Reserve, Naval Reserve, Marine Corps Reserve, Air National Guard of the United States, Air Force Reserve, Coast Guard Reserve, or Reserve Corps of the Public Health Service. Freetaxusa Figuring your IRA deduction. Freetaxusa   The repayment of qualified reservist distributions does not affect the amount you can deduct as an IRA contribution. Freetaxusa Reporting the repayment. Freetaxusa   If you repay a qualified reservist distribution, include the amount of the repayment with nondeductible contributions on line 1 of Form 8606. Freetaxusa Example. Freetaxusa   In 2013, your IRA contribution limit is $5,500. Freetaxusa However, because of your filing status and AGI, the limit on the amount you can deduct is $3,500. Freetaxusa You can make a nondeductible contribution of $2,000 ($5,500 - $3,500). Freetaxusa In an earlier year you received a $3,000 qualified reservist distribution, which you would like to repay this year. Freetaxusa   For 2013, you can contribute a total of $8,500 to your IRA. Freetaxusa This is made up of the maximum deductible contribution of $3,500; a nondeductible contribution of $2,000; and a $3,000 qualified reservist repayment. Freetaxusa You contribute the maximum allowable for the year. Freetaxusa Since you are making a nondeductible contribution ($2,000) and a qualified reservist repayment ($3,000), you must file Form 8606 with your return and include $5,000 ($2,000 + $3,000) on line 1 of Form 8606. Freetaxusa The qualified reservist repayment is not deductible. Freetaxusa Contributions on your behalf to a traditional IRA reduce your limit for contributions to a Roth IRA. Freetaxusa See chapter 2 for information about Roth IRAs. Freetaxusa General Limit For 2013, the most that can be contributed to your traditional IRA generally is the smaller of the following amounts: $5,500 ($6,500 if you are age 50 or older), or Your taxable compensation (defined earlier) for the year. Freetaxusa Note. Freetaxusa This limit is reduced by any contributions to a section 501(c)(18) plan (generally, a pension plan created before June 25, 1959, that is funded entirely by employee contributions). Freetaxusa This is the most that can be contributed regardless of whether the contributions are to one or more traditional IRAs or whether all or part of the contributions are nondeductible. Freetaxusa (See Nondeductible Contributions , later. Freetaxusa ) Qualified reservist repayments do not affect this limit. Freetaxusa Examples. Freetaxusa George, who is 34 years old and single, earns $24,000 in 2013. Freetaxusa His IRA contributions for 2013 are limited to $5,500. Freetaxusa Danny, an unmarried college student working part time, earns $3,500 in 2013. Freetaxusa His IRA contributions for 2013 are limited to $3,500, the amount of his compensation. Freetaxusa More than one IRA. Freetaxusa   If you have more than one IRA, the limit applies to the total contributions made on your behalf to all your traditional IRAs for the year. Freetaxusa Annuity or endowment contracts. Freetaxusa   If you invest in an annuity or endowment contract under an individual retirement annuity, no more than $5,500 ($6,500 if you are age 50 or older) can be contributed toward its cost for the tax year, including the cost of life insurance coverage. Freetaxusa If more than this amount is contributed, the annuity or endowment contract is disqualified. Freetaxusa Kay Bailey Hutchison Spousal IRA Limit For 2013, if you file a joint return and your taxable compensation is less than that of your spouse, the most that can be contributed for the year to your IRA is the smaller of the following two amounts: $5,500 ($6,500 if you are age 50 or older), or The total compensation includible in the gross income of both you and your spouse for the year, reduced by the following two amounts. Freetaxusa Your spouse's IRA contribution for the year to a traditional IRA. Freetaxusa Any contributions for the year to a Roth IRA on behalf of your spouse. Freetaxusa This means that the total combined contributions that can be made for the year to your IRA and your spouse's IRA can be as much as $11,000 ($12,000 if only one of you is age 50 or older or $13,000 if both of you are age 50 or older). Freetaxusa Note. Freetaxusa This traditional IRA limit is reduced by any contributions to a section 501(c)(18) plan (generally, a pension plan created before June 25, 1959, that is funded entirely by employee contributions). Freetaxusa Example. Freetaxusa Kristin, a full-time student with no taxable compensation, marries Carl during the year. Freetaxusa Neither of them was age 50 by the end of 2013. Freetaxusa For the year, Carl has taxable compensation of $30,000. Freetaxusa He plans to contribute (and deduct) $5,500 to a traditional IRA. Freetaxusa If he and Kristin file a joint return, each can contribute $5,500 to a traditional IRA. Freetaxusa This is because Kristin, who has no compensation, can add Carl's compensation, reduced by the amount of his IRA contribution ($30,000 − $5,500 = $24,500), to her own compensation (-0-) to figure her maximum contribution to a traditional IRA. Freetaxusa In her case, $5,500 is her contribution limit, because $5,500 is less than $24,500 (her compensation for purposes of figuring her contribution limit). Freetaxusa Filing Status Generally, except as discussed earlier under Kay Bailey Hutchison Spousal IRA Limit , your filing status has no effect on the amount of allowable contributions to your traditional IRA. Freetaxusa However, if during the year either you or your spouse was covered by a retirement plan at work, your deduction may be reduced or eliminated, depending on your filing status and income. Freetaxusa See How Much Can You Deduct , later. Freetaxusa Example. Freetaxusa Tom and Darcy are married and both are 53. Freetaxusa They both work and each has a traditional IRA. Freetaxusa Tom earned $3,800 and Darcy earned $48,000 in 2013. Freetaxusa Because of the Kay Bailey Hutchison Spousal IRA limit rule, even though Tom earned less than $6,500, they can contribute up to $6,500 to his IRA for 2013 if they file a joint return. Freetaxusa They can contribute up to $6,500 to Darcy's IRA. Freetaxusa If they file separate returns, the amount that can be contributed to Tom's IRA is limited by his earned income, $3,800. Freetaxusa Less Than Maximum Contributions If contributions to your traditional IRA for a year were less than the limit, you cannot contribute more after the due date of your return for that year to make up the difference. Freetaxusa Example. Freetaxusa Rafael, who is 40, earns $30,000 in 2013. Freetaxusa Although he can contribute up to $5,500 for 2013, he contributes only $3,000. Freetaxusa After April 15, 2014, Rafael cannot make up the difference between his actual contributions for 2013 ($3,000) and his 2013 limit ($5,500). Freetaxusa He cannot contribute $2,500 more than the limit for any later year. Freetaxusa More Than Maximum Contributions If contributions to your IRA for a year were more than the limit, you can apply the excess contribution in one year to a later year if the contributions for that later year are less than the maximum allowed for that year. Freetaxusa However, a penalty or additional tax may apply. Freetaxusa See Excess Contributions , later, under What Acts Result in Penalties or Additional Taxes. Freetaxusa When Can Contributions Be Made? As soon as you open your traditional IRA, contributions can be made to it through your chosen sponsor (trustee or other administrator). Freetaxusa Contributions must be in the form of money (cash, check, or money order). Freetaxusa Property cannot be contributed. Freetaxusa Although property cannot be contributed, your IRA may invest in certain property. Freetaxusa For example, your IRA may purchase shares of stock. Freetaxusa For other restrictions on the use of funds in your IRA, see Prohibited Transactions , later in this chapter. Freetaxusa You may be able to transfer or roll over certain property from one retirement plan to another. Freetaxusa See the discussion of rollovers and other transfers later in this chapter under Can You Move Retirement Plan Assets . Freetaxusa You can make a contribution to your IRA by having your income tax refund (or a portion of your refund), if any, paid directly to your traditional IRA, Roth IRA, or SEP IRA. Freetaxusa For details, see the instructions for your income tax return or Form 8888, Allocation of Refund (Including Savings Bond Purchases). Freetaxusa Contributions can be made to your traditional IRA for each year that you receive compensation and have not reached age 70½. Freetaxusa For any year in which you do not work, contributions cannot be made to your IRA unless you receive alimony, nontaxable combat pay, military differential pay, or file a joint return with a spouse who has compensation. Freetaxusa See Who Can Open a Traditional IRA , earlier. Freetaxusa Even if contributions cannot be made for the current year, the amounts contributed for years in which you did qualify can remain in your IRA. Freetaxusa Contributions can resume for any years that you qualify. Freetaxusa Contributions must be made by due date. Freetaxusa   Contributions can be made to your traditional IRA for a year at any time during the year or by the due date for filing your return for that year, not including extensions. Freetaxusa For most people, this means that contributions for 2013 must be made by April 15, 2014, and contributions for 2014 must be made by April 15, 2015. Freetaxusa Age 70½ rule. Freetaxusa   Contributions cannot be made to your traditional IRA for the year in which you reach age 70½ or for any later year. Freetaxusa   You attain age 70½ on the date that is 6 calendar months after the 70th anniversary of your birth. Freetaxusa If you were born on or before June 30, 1943, you cannot contribute for 2013 or any later year. Freetaxusa Designating year for which contribution is made. Freetaxusa   If an amount is contributed to your traditional IRA between January 1 and April 15, you should tell the sponsor which year (the current year or the previous year) the contribution is for. Freetaxusa If you do not tell the sponsor which year it is for, the sponsor can assume, and report to the IRS, that the contribution is for the current year (the year the sponsor received it). Freetaxusa Filing before a contribution is made. Freetaxusa    You can file your return claiming a traditional IRA contribution before the contribution is actually made. Freetaxusa Generally, the contribution must be made by the due date of your return, not including extensions. Freetaxusa Contributions not required. Freetaxusa   You do not have to contribute to your traditional IRA for every tax year, even if you can. Freetaxusa How Much Can You Deduct? Generally, you can deduct the lesser of: The contributions to your traditional IRA for the year, or The general limit (or the Kay Bailey Hutchison Spousal IRA limit, if applicable) explained earlier under How Much Can Be Contributed . Freetaxusa However, if you or your spouse was covered by an employer retirement plan, you may not be able to deduct this amount. Freetaxusa See Limit if Covered by Employer Plan , later. Freetaxusa You may be able to claim a credit for contributions to your traditional IRA. Freetaxusa For more information, see chapter 4. Freetaxusa Trustees' fees. Freetaxusa   Trustees' administrative fees that are billed separately and paid in connection with your traditional IRA are not deductible as IRA contributions. Freetaxusa However, they may be deductible as a miscellaneous itemized deduction on Schedule A (Form 1040). Freetaxusa For information about miscellaneous itemized deductions, see Publication 529, Miscellaneous Deductions. Freetaxusa Brokers' commissions. Freetaxusa   These commissions are part of your IRA contribution and, as such, are deductible subject to the limits. Freetaxusa Full deduction. Freetaxusa   If neither you nor your spouse was covered for any part of the year by an employer retirement plan, you can take a deduction for total contributions to one or more of your traditional IRAs of up to the lesser of: $5,500 ($6,500 if you are age 50 or older), or 100% of your compensation. Freetaxusa   This limit is reduced by any contributions made to a 501(c)(18) plan on your behalf. Freetaxusa Kay Bailey Hutchison Spousal IRA. Freetaxusa   In the case of a married couple with unequal compensation who file a joint return, the deduction for contributions to the traditional IRA of the spouse with less compensation is limited to the lesser of: $5,500 ($6,500 if the spouse with the lower compensation is age 50 or older), or The total compensation includible in the gross income of both spouses for the year reduced by the following three amounts. Freetaxusa The IRA deduction for the year of the spouse with the greater compensation. Freetaxusa Any designated nondeductible contribution for the year made on behalf of the spouse with the greater compensation. Freetaxusa Any contributions for the year to a Roth IRA on behalf of the spouse with the greater compensation. Freetaxusa   This limit is reduced by any contributions to a section 501(c)(18) plan on behalf of the spouse with the lesser compensation. Freetaxusa Note. Freetaxusa If you were divorced or legally separated (and did not remarry) before the end of the year, you cannot deduct any contributions to your spouse's IRA. Freetaxusa After a divorce or legal separation, you can deduct only the contributions to your own IRA. Freetaxusa Your deductions are subject to the rules for single individuals. Freetaxusa Covered by an employer retirement plan. Freetaxusa   If you or your spouse was covered by an employer retirement plan at any time during the year for which contributions were made, your deduction may be further limited. Freetaxusa This is discussed later under Limit if Covered by Employer Plan . Freetaxusa Limits on the amount you can deduct do not affect the amount that can be contributed. Freetaxusa Are You Covered by an Employer Plan? The Form W-2 you receive from your employer has a box used to indicate whether you were covered for the year. Freetaxusa The “Retirement Plan” box should be checked if you were covered. Freetaxusa Reservists and volunteer firefighters should also see Situations in Which You Are Not Covered , later. Freetaxusa If you are not certain whether you were covered by your employer's retirement plan, you should ask your employer. Freetaxusa Federal judges. Freetaxusa   For purposes of the IRA deduction, federal judges are covered by an employer plan. Freetaxusa For Which Year(s) Are You Covered? Special rules apply to determine the tax years for which you are covered by an employer plan. Freetaxusa These rules differ depending on whether the plan is a defined contribution plan or a defined benefit plan. Freetaxusa Tax year. Freetaxusa   Your tax year is the annual accounting period you use to keep records and report income and expenses on your income tax return. Freetaxusa For almost all people, the tax year is the calendar year. Freetaxusa Defined contribution plan. Freetaxusa   Generally, you are covered by a defined contribution plan for a tax year if amounts are contributed or allocated to your account for the plan year that ends with or within that tax year. Freetaxusa However, also see Situations in Which You Are Not Covered , later. Freetaxusa   A defined contribution plan is a plan that provides for a separate account for each person covered by the plan. Freetaxusa In a defined contribution plan, the amount to be contributed to each participant's account is spelled out in the plan. Freetaxusa The level of benefits actually provided to a participant depends on the total amount contributed to that participant's account and any earnings and losses on those contributions. Freetaxusa Types of defined contribution plans include profit-sharing plans, stock bonus plans, and money purchase pension plans. Freetaxusa Example. Freetaxusa Company A has a money purchase pension plan. Freetaxusa Its plan year is from July 1 to June 30. Freetaxusa The plan provides that contributions must be allocated as of June 30. Freetaxusa Bob, an employee, leaves Company A on December 31, 2012. Freetaxusa The contribution for the plan year ending on June 30, 2013, is made February 15, 2014. Freetaxusa Because an amount is contributed to Bob's account for the plan year, Bob is covered by the plan for his 2013 tax year. Freetaxusa   A special rule applies to certain plans in which it is not possible to determine if an amount will be contributed to your account for a given plan year. Freetaxusa If, for a plan year, no amounts have been allocated to your account that are attributable to employer contributions, employee contributions, or forfeitures, by the last day of the plan year, and contributions are discretionary for the plan year, you are not covered for the tax year in which the plan year ends. Freetaxusa If, after the plan year ends, the employer makes a contribution for that plan year, you are covered for the tax year in which the contribution is made. Freetaxusa Example. Freetaxusa Mickey was covered by a profit-sharing plan and left the company on December 31, 2012. Freetaxusa The plan year runs from July 1 to June 30. Freetaxusa Under the terms of the plan, employer contributions do not have to be made, but if they are made, they are contributed to the plan before the due date for filing the company's tax return. Freetaxusa Such contributions are allocated as of the last day of the plan year, and allocations are made to the accounts of individuals who have any service during the plan year. Freetaxusa As of June 30, 2013, no contributions were made that were allocated to the June 30, 2013, plan year, and no forfeitures had been allocated within the plan year. Freetaxusa In addition, as of that date, the company was not obligated to make a contribution for such plan year and it was impossible to determine whether or not a contribution would be made for the plan year. Freetaxusa On December 31, 2013, the company decided to contribute to the plan for the plan year ending June 30, 2013. Freetaxusa That contribution was made on February 15, 2014. Freetaxusa Mickey is an active participant in the plan for his 2014 tax year but not for his 2013 tax year. Freetaxusa No vested interest. Freetaxusa   If an amount is allocated to your account for a plan year, you are covered by that plan even if you have no vested interest in (legal right to) the account. Freetaxusa Defined benefit plan. Freetaxusa   If you are eligible to participate in your employer's defined benefit plan for the plan year that ends within your tax year, you are covered by the plan. Freetaxusa This rule applies even if you: Declined to participate in the plan, Did not make a required contribution, or Did not perform the minimum service required to accrue a benefit for the year. Freetaxusa   A defined benefit plan is any plan that is not a defined contribution plan. Freetaxusa In a defined benefit plan, the level of benefits to be provided to each participant is spelled out in the plan. Freetaxusa The plan administrator figures the amount needed to provide those benefits and those amounts are contributed to the plan. Freetaxusa Defined benefit plans include pension plans and annuity plans. Freetaxusa Example. Freetaxusa Nick, an employee of Company B, is eligible to participate in Company B's defined benefit plan, which has a July 1 to June 30 plan year. Freetaxusa Nick leaves Company B on December 31, 2012. Freetaxusa Because Nick is eligible to participate in the plan for its year ending June 30, 2013, he is covered by the plan for his 2013 tax year. Freetaxusa No vested interest. Freetaxusa   If you accrue a benefit for a plan year, you are covered by that plan even if you have no vested interest in (legal right to) the accrual. Freetaxusa Situations in Which You Are Not Covered Unless you are covered by another employer plan, you are not covered by an employer plan if you are in one of the situations described below. Freetaxusa Social security or railroad retirement. Freetaxusa   Coverage under social security or railroad retirement is not coverage under an employer retirement plan. Freetaxusa Benefits from previous employer's plan. Freetaxusa   If you receive retirement benefits from a previous employer's plan, you are not covered by that plan. Freetaxusa Reservists. Freetaxusa   If the only reason you participate in a plan is because you are a member of a reserve unit of the Armed Forces, you may not be covered by the plan. Freetaxusa You are not covered by the plan if both of the following conditions are met. Freetaxusa The plan you participate in is established for its employees by: The United States, A state or political subdivision of a state, or An instrumentality of either (a) or (b) above. Freetaxusa You did not serve more than 90 days on active duty during the year (not counting duty for training). Freetaxusa Volunteer firefighters. Freetaxusa   If the only reason you participate in a plan is because you are a volunteer firefighter, you may not be covered by the plan. Freetaxusa You are not covered by the plan if both of the following conditions are met. Freetaxusa The plan you participate in is established for its employees by: The United States, A state or political subdivision of a state, or An instrumentality of either (a) or (b) above. Freetaxusa Your accrued retirement benefits at the beginning of the year will not provide more than $1,800 per year at retirement. Freetaxusa Limit if Covered by Employer Plan As discussed earlier, the deduction you can take for contributions made to your traditional IRA depends on whether you or your spouse was covered for any part of the year by an employer retirement plan. Freetaxusa Your deduction is also affected by how much income you had and by your filing status. Freetaxusa Your deduction may also be affected by social security benefits you received. Freetaxusa Reduced or no deduction. Freetaxusa   If either you or your spouse was covered by an employer retirement plan, you may be entitled to only a partial (reduced) deduction or no deduction at all, depending on your income and your filing status. Freetaxusa   Your deduction begins to decrease (phase out) when your income rises above a certain amount and is eliminated altogether when it reaches a higher amount. Freetaxusa These amounts vary depending on your filing status. Freetaxusa   To determine if your deduction is subject to the phaseout, you must determine your modified adjusted gross income (AGI) and your filing status, as explained later under Deduction Phaseout . Freetaxusa Once you have determined your modified AGI and your filing status, you can use Table 1-2 or Table 1-3 to determine if the phaseout applies. Freetaxusa Social Security Recipients Instead of using Table 1-2 or Table 1-3 and Worksheet 1-2, Figuring Your Reduced IRA Deduction for 2013, later, complete the worksheets in Appendix B of this publication if, for the year, all of the following apply. Freetaxusa You received social security benefits. Freetaxusa You received taxable compensation. Freetaxusa Contributions were made to your traditional IRA. Freetaxusa You or your spouse was covered by an employer retirement plan. Freetaxusa Use the worksheets in Appendix B to figure your IRA deduction, your nondeductible contribution, and the taxable portion, if any, of your social security benefits. Freetaxusa Appendix B includes an example with filled-in worksheets to assist you. Freetaxusa Table 1-2. Freetaxusa Effect of Modified AGI1 on Deduction if You Are Covered by a Retirement Plan at Work If you are covered by a retirement plan at work, use this table to determine if your modified AGI affects the amount of your deduction. Freetaxusa IF your filing status is . Freetaxusa . Freetaxusa . Freetaxusa AND your modified adjusted gross income (modified AGI) is . Freetaxusa . Freetaxusa . Freetaxusa THEN you can take . Freetaxusa . Freetaxusa . Freetaxusa single or head of household $59,000 or less a full deduction. Freetaxusa more than $59,000 but less than $69,000 a partial deduction. Freetaxusa $69,000 or more no deduction. Freetaxusa married filing jointly or  qualifying widow(er) $95,000 or less a full deduction. Freetaxusa more than $95,000 but less than $115,000 a partial deduction. Freetaxusa $115,000 or more no deduction. Freetaxusa married filing separately2 less than $10,000 a partial deduction. Freetaxusa $10,000 or more no deduction. Freetaxusa 1 Modified AGI (adjusted gross income). Freetaxusa See Modified adjusted gross income (AGI) , later. Freetaxusa  2 If you did not live with your spouse at any time during the year, your filing status is considered Single for this purpose (therefore, your IRA deduction is determined under the “Single” filing status). Freetaxusa Table 1-3. Freetaxusa Effect of Modified AGI1 on Deduction if You Are NOT Covered by a Retirement Plan at Work If you are not covered by a retirement plan at work, use this table to determine if your modified AGI affects the amount of your deduction. Freetaxusa IF your filing status is . Freetaxusa . Freetaxusa . Freetaxusa AND your modified adjusted gross income (modified AGI) is . Freetaxusa . Freetaxusa . Freetaxusa THEN you can take . Freetaxusa . Freetaxusa . Freetaxusa single, head of household, or qualifying widow(er) any amount a full deduction. Freetaxusa married filing jointly or separately with a spouse who is not covered by a plan at work any amount a full deduction. Freetaxusa married filing jointly with a spouse who is covered by a plan at work $178,000 or less a full deduction. Freetaxusa more than $178,000 but less than $188,000 a partial deduction. Freetaxusa $188,000 or more no deduction. Freetaxusa married filing separately with a spouse who is covered by a plan at work2 less than $10,000 a partial deduction. Freetaxusa $10,000 or more no deduction. Freetaxusa 1 Modified AGI (adjusted gross income). Freetaxusa See Modified adjusted gross income (AGI) , later. Freetaxusa  2 You are entitled to the full deduction if you did not live with your spouse at any time during the year. Freetaxusa For 2014, if you are not covered by a retirement plan at work and you are married filing jointly with a spouse who is covered by a plan at work, your deduction is phased out if your modified AGI is more than $181,000 but less than $191,000. Freetaxusa If your AGI is $191,000 or more, you cannot take a deduction for a contribution to a traditional IRA. Freetaxusa Deduction Phaseout The amount of any reduction in the limit on your IRA deduction (phaseout) depends on whether you or your spouse was covered by an employer retirement plan. Freetaxusa Covered by a retirement plan. Freetaxusa   If you are covered by an employer retirement plan and you did not receive any social security retirement benefits, your IRA deduction may be reduced or eliminated depending on your filing status and modified AGI, as shown in Table 1-2. Freetaxusa For 2014, if you are covered by a retirement plan at work, your IRA deduction will not be reduced (phased out) unless your modified AGI is: More than $60,000 but less than $70,000 for a single individual (or head of household), More than $96,000 but less than $116,000 for a married couple filing a joint return (or a qualifying widow(er)), or Less than $10,000 for a married individual filing a separate return. Freetaxusa If your spouse is covered. Freetaxusa   If you are not covered by an employer retirement plan, but your spouse is, and you did not receive any social security benefits, your IRA deduction may be reduced or eliminated entirely depending on your filing status and modified AGI as shown in Table 1-3. Freetaxusa Filing status. Freetaxusa   Your filing status depends primarily on your marital status. Freetaxusa For this purpose, you need to know if your filing status is single or head of household, married filing jointly or qualifying widow(er), or married filing separately. Freetaxusa If you need more information on filing status, see Publication 501, Exemptions, Standard Deduction, and Filing Information. Freetaxusa Lived apart from spouse. Freetaxusa   If you did not live with your spouse at any time during the year and you file a separate return, your filing status, for this purpose, is single. Freetaxusa Modified adjusted gross income (AGI). Freetaxusa   You can use Worksheet 1-1 to figure your modified AGI. Freetaxusa If you made contributions to your IRA for 2013 and received a distribution from your IRA in 2013, see Both contributions for 2013 and distributions in 2013 , later. Freetaxusa    Do not assume that your modified AGI is the same as your compensation. Freetaxusa Your modified AGI may include income in addition to your compensation (discussed earlier) such as interest, dividends, and income from IRA distributions. Freetaxusa Form 1040. Freetaxusa   If you file Form 1040, refigure the amount on the page 1 “adjusted gross income” line without taking into account any of the following amounts. Freetaxusa IRA deduction. Freetaxusa Student loan interest deduction. Freetaxusa Tuition and fees deduction. Freetaxusa Domestic production activities deduction. Freetaxusa Foreign earned income exclusion. Freetaxusa Foreign housing exclusion or deduction. Freetaxusa Exclusion of qualified savings bond interest shown on Form 8815. Freetaxusa Exclusion of employer-provided adoption benefits shown on Form 8839. Freetaxusa This is your modified AGI. Freetaxusa Form 1040A. Freetaxusa   If you file Form 1040A, refigure the amount on the page 1 “adjusted gross income” line without taking into account any of the following amounts. Freetaxusa IRA deduction. Freetaxusa Student loan interest deduction. Freetaxusa Tuition and fees deduction. Freetaxusa Exclusion of qualified savings bond interest shown on Form 8815. Freetaxusa This is your modified AGI. Freetaxusa Form 1040NR. Freetaxusa   If you file Form 1040NR, refigure the amount on the page 1 “adjusted gross income” line without taking into account any of the following amounts. Freetaxusa IRA deduction. Freetaxusa Student loan interest deduction. Freetaxusa Domestic production activities deduction. Freetaxusa Exclusion of qualified savings bond interest shown on Form 8815. Freetaxusa Exclusion of employer-provided adoption benefits shown on Form 8839. Freetaxusa This is your modified AGI. Freetaxusa Income from IRA distributions. Freetaxusa   If you received distributions in 2013 from one or more traditional IRAs and your traditional IRAs include only deductible contributions, the distributions are fully taxable and are included in your modified AGI. Freetaxusa Both contributions for 2013 and distributions in 2013. Freetaxusa   If all three of the following apply, any IRA distributions you received in 2013 may be partly tax free and partly taxable. Freetaxusa You received distributions in 2013 from one or more traditional IRAs, You made contributions to a traditional IRA for 2013, and Some of those contributions may be nondeductible contributions. Freetaxusa (See Nondeductible Contributions and Worksheet 1-2, later. Freetaxusa ) If this is your situation, you must figure the taxable part of the traditional IRA distribution before you can figure your modified AGI. Freetaxusa To do this, you can use Worksheet 1-5, later. Freetaxusa   If at least one of the above does not apply, figure your modified AGI using Worksheet 1-1, later. Freetaxusa How To Figure Your Reduced IRA Deduction If you or your spouse is covered by an employer retirement plan and you did not receive any social security benefits, you can figure your reduced IRA deduction by using Worksheet 1-2. Freetaxusa Figuring Your Reduced IRA Deduction for 2013. Freetaxusa The Instructions for Form 1040, Form 1040A, and Form 1040NR include similar worksheets that you can use instead of the worksheet in this publication. Freetaxusa If you or your spouse is covered by an employer retirement plan, and you received any social security benefits, see Social Security Recipients , earlier. Freetaxusa Note. Freetaxusa If you were married and both you and your spouse contributed to IRAs, figure your deduction and your spouse's deduction separately. Freetaxusa Worksheet 1-1. Freetaxusa Figuring Your Modified AGI Use this worksheet to figure your modified AGI for traditional IRA purposes. Freetaxusa 1. Freetaxusa Enter your adjusted gross income (AGI) from Form 1040, line 38; Form 1040A, line 22; or Form 1040NR, line 37, figured without taking into account the amount from Form 1040, line 32; Form 1040A, line 17; or Form 1040NR, line 32 1. Freetaxusa   2. Freetaxusa Enter any student loan interest deduction from Form 1040, line 33; Form 1040A, line 18; or Form 1040NR, line 33 2. Freetaxusa   3. Freetaxusa Enter any tuition and fees deduction from Form 1040, line 34, or Form 1040A, line 19 3. Freetaxusa   4. Freetaxusa Enter any domestic production activities deduction from Form 1040, line 35, or Form 1040NR, line 34 4. Freetaxusa   5. Freetaxusa Enter any foreign earned income exclusion and/or housing exclusion from Form 2555, line 45, or Form 2555-EZ, line 18 5. Freetaxusa   6. Freetaxusa Enter any foreign housing deduction from Form 2555, line 50 6. Freetaxusa   7. Freetaxusa Enter any excludable savings bond interest from Form 8815, line 14 7. Freetaxusa   8. Freetaxusa Enter any excluded employer-provided adoption benefits from Form 8839, line 28 8. Freetaxusa   9. Freetaxusa Add lines 1 through 8. Freetaxusa This is your Modified AGI for traditional IRA purposes 9. Freetaxusa   Reporting Deductible Contributions If you file Form 1040, enter your IRA deduction on line 32 of that form. Freetaxusa If you file Form 1040A, enter your IRA deduction on line 17 of that form. Freetaxusa If you file Form 1040NR, enter your IRA deduction on line 32 of that form. Freetaxusa You cannot deduct IRA contributions on Form 1040EZ or Form 1040NR-EZ. Freetaxusa Self-employed. Freetaxusa   If you are self-employed (a sole proprietor or partner) and have a SIMPLE IRA, enter your deduction for allowable plan contributions on Form 1040, line 28. Freetaxusa If you file Form 1040NR, enter your deduction on line 28 of that form. Freetaxusa Nondeductible Contributions Although your deduction for IRA contributions may be reduced or eliminated, contributions can be made to your IRA of up to the general limit or, if it applies, the Kay Bailey Hutchison Spousal IRA limit. Freetaxusa The difference between your total permitted contributions and your IRA deduction, if any, is your nondeductible contribution. Freetaxusa Example. Freetaxusa Tony is 29 years old and single. Freetaxusa In 2013, he was covered by a retirement plan at work. Freetaxusa His salary is $62,000. Freetaxusa His modified AGI is $70,000. Freetaxusa Tony makes a $5,500 IRA contribution for 2013. Freetaxusa Because he was covered by a retirement plan and his modified AGI is above $69,000, he cannot deduct his $5,500 IRA contribution. Freetaxusa He must designate this contribution as a nondeductible contribution by reporting it on Form 8606. Freetaxusa Repayment of reservist distributions. Freetaxusa   Nondeductible contributions may include repayments of qualified reservist distributions. Freetaxusa For more information, see Qualified reservist repayments under How Much Can Be Contributed, earlier. Freetaxusa Form 8606. Freetaxusa   To designate contributions as nondeductible, you must file Form 8606. Freetaxusa (See the filled-in Forms 8606 in this chapter. Freetaxusa )   You do not have to designate a contribution as nondeductible until you file your tax return. Freetaxusa When you file, you can even designate otherwise deductible contributions as nondeductible contributions. Freetaxusa   You must file Form 8606 to report nondeductible contributions even if you do not have to file a tax return for the year. Freetaxusa    A Form 8606 is not used for the year that you make a rollover from a qualified retirement plan to a traditional IRA and the rollover includes nontaxable amounts. Freetaxusa In those situations, a Form 8606 is completed for the year you take a distribution from that IRA. Freetaxusa See Form 8606 under Distributions Fully or Partly Taxable, later. Freetaxusa Failure to report nondeductible contributions. Freetaxusa   If you do not report nondeductible contributions, all of the contributions to your traditional IRA will be treated like deductible contributions when withdrawn. Freetaxusa All distributions from your IRA will be taxed unless you can show, with satisfactory evidence, that nondeductible contributions were made. Freetaxusa Penalty for overstatement. Freetaxusa   If you overstate the amount of nondeductible contributions on your Form 8606 for any tax year, you must pay a penalty of $100 for each overstatement, unless it was due to reasonable cause. Freetaxusa Penalty for failure to file Form 8606. Freetaxusa   You will have to pay a $50 penalty if you do not file a required Form 8606, unless you can prove that the failure was due to reasonable cause. Freetaxusa Tax on earnings on nondeductible contributions. Freetaxusa   As long as contributions are within the contribution limits, none of the earnings or gains on contributions (deductible or nondeductible) will be taxed until they are distributed. Freetaxusa Cost basis. Freetaxusa   You will have a cost basis in your traditional IRA if you made any nondeductible contributions. Freetaxusa Your cost basis is the sum of the nondeductible contributions to your IRA minus any withdrawals or distributions of nondeductible contributions. Freetaxusa    Commonly, distributions from your traditional IRAs will include both taxable and nontaxable (cost basis) amounts. Freetaxusa See Are Distributions Taxable, later, for more information. Freetaxusa Recordkeeping. Freetaxusa There is a recordkeeping worksheet, Appendix A. Freetaxusa Summary Record of Traditional IRA(s) for 2013 , that you can use to keep a record of deductible and nondeductible IRA contributions. Freetaxusa Examples — Worksheet for Reduced IRA Deduction for 2013 The following examples illustrate the use of Worksheet 1-2, Figuring Your Reduced IRA Deduction for 2013. Freetaxusa Example 1. Freetaxusa For 2013, Tom and Betty file a joint return on Form 1040. Freetaxusa They are both 39 years old. Freetaxusa They are both employed and Tom is covered by his employer's retirement plan. Freetaxusa Tom's salary is $59,000 and Betty's is $32,555. Freetaxusa They each have a traditional IRA and their combined modified AGI, which includes $5,000 interest and dividend income, is $96,555. Freetaxusa Because their modified AGI is between $95,000 and $115,000 and Tom is covered by an employer plan, Tom is subject to the deduction phaseout discussed earlier under Limit if Covered by Employer Plan . Freetaxusa For 2013, Tom contributed $5,500 to his IRA and Betty contributed $5,500 to hers. Freetaxusa Even though they file a joint return, they must use separate worksheets to figure the IRA deduction for each of them. Freetaxusa Tom can take a deduction of only $5,080. Freetaxusa He can choose to treat the $5,080 as either deductible or nondeductible contributions. Freetaxusa He can either leave the $420 ($5,500 − $5,080) of nondeductible contributions in his IRA or withdraw them by April 15, 2014. Freetaxusa He decides to treat the $5,080 as deductible contributions and leave the $420 of nondeductible contributions in his IRA. Freetaxusa Using Worksheet 1-2, Figuring Your Reduced IRA Deduction for 2013, Tom figures his deductible and nondeductible amounts as shown on Worksheet 1-2. Freetaxusa Figuring Your Reduced IRA Deduction for 2013—Example 1 Illustrated. Freetaxusa Betty figures her IRA deduction as follows. Freetaxusa Betty can treat all or part of her contributions as either deductible or nondeductible. Freetaxusa This is because her $5,500 contribution for 2013 is not subject to the deduction phaseout discussed earlier under Limit if Covered by Employer Plan . Freetaxusa She does not need to use Worksheet 1-2, Figuring Your Reduced IRA Deduction for 2013, because their modified AGI is not within the phaseout range that applies. Freetaxusa Betty decides to treat her $5,500 IRA contributions as deductible. Freetaxusa The IRA deductions of $5,080 and $5,500 on the joint return for Tom and Betty total $10,580. Freetaxusa Example 2. Freetaxusa For 2013, Ed and Sue file a joint return on Form 1040. Freetaxusa They are both 39 years old. Freetaxusa Ed is covered by his employer's retirement plan. Freetaxusa Ed's salary is $45,000. Freetaxusa Sue had no compensation for the year and did not contribute to an IRA. Freetaxusa Sue is not covered by an employer plan. Freetaxusa Ed contributed $5,500 to his traditional IRA and $5,500 to a traditional IRA for Sue (a Kay Bailey Hutchison Spousal IRA). Freetaxusa Their combined modified AGI, which includes $2,000 interest and dividend income and a large capital gain from the sale of stock, is $180,555. Freetaxusa Because the combined modified AGI is $115,000 or more, Ed cannot deduct any of the contribution to his traditional IRA. Freetaxusa He can either leave the $5,500 of nondeductible contributions in his IRA or withdraw them by April 15, 2014. Freetaxusa Sue figures her IRA deduction as shown on Worksheet 1-2. Freetaxusa Figuring Your Reduced IRA Deduction for 2013—Example 2 Illustrated. Freetaxusa Worksheet 1-2. Freetaxusa Figuring Your Reduced IRA Deduction for 2013 (Use only if you or your spouse is covered by an employer plan and your modified AGI falls between the two amounts shown below for your coverage situation and filing status. Freetaxusa ) Note. Freetaxusa If you were married and both you and your spouse contributed to IRAs, figure your deduction and your spouse's deduction separately. Freetaxusa IF you . Freetaxusa . Freetaxusa . Freetaxusa AND your  filing status is . Freetaxusa . Freetaxusa . Freetaxusa AND your modified AGI is over . Freetaxusa . Freetaxusa . Freetaxusa THEN enter on  line 1 below . Freetaxusa . Freetaxusa . Freetaxusa       are covered by an employer plan single or head of household $59,000 $69,000     married filing jointly or qualifying widow(er) $95,000 $115,000     married filing separately $0 $10,000     are not covered by an employer plan, but your spouse is covered married filing jointly $178,000 $188,000     married filing separately $0 $10,000     1. Freetaxusa Enter applicable amount from table above 1. Freetaxusa   2. Freetaxusa Enter your modified AGI (that of both spouses, if married filing jointly) 2. Freetaxusa     Note. Freetaxusa If line 2 is equal to or more than the amount on line 1, stop here. Freetaxusa  Your IRA contributions are not deductible. Freetaxusa See Nondeductible Contributions , earlier. Freetaxusa     3. Freetaxusa Subtract line 2 from line 1. Freetaxusa If line 3 is $10,000 or more ($20,000 or more if married filing jointly or qualifying widow(er) and you are covered by an employer plan), stop here. Freetaxusa You can take a full IRA deduction for contributions of up to $5,500 ($6,500 if you are age 50 or older) or 100% of your (and if married filing jointly, your spouse's) compensation, whichever is less 3. Freetaxusa   4. Freetaxusa Multiply line 3 by the percentage below that applies to you. Freetaxusa If the result is not a multiple of $10, round it to the next highest multiple of $10. Freetaxusa (For example, $611. Freetaxusa 40 is rounded to $620. Freetaxusa ) However, if the result is less than $200, enter $200. Freetaxusa         Married filing jointly or qualifying widow(er) and you are covered by an employer plan, multiply line 3 by 27. Freetaxusa 5% (. Freetaxusa 275) (by 32. Freetaxusa 5% (. Freetaxusa 325) if you are age 50 or older). Freetaxusa All others, multiply line 3 by 55% (. Freetaxusa 55) (by 65% (. Freetaxusa 65) if you are age 50 or older). Freetaxusa 4. Freetaxusa   5. Freetaxusa Enter your compensation minus any deductions on Form 1040 or Form 1040NR, line 27 (deductible part of self-employment tax) and line 28 (self-employed SEP, SIMPLE, and qualified plans). Freetaxusa If you are filing a joint return and your compensation is less than your spouse's, include your spouse's compensation reduced by his or her traditional IRA and Roth IRA contributions for this year. Freetaxusa If you file Form 1040 or Form 1040NR, do not reduce your compensation by any losses from self-employment 5. Freetaxusa   6. Freetaxusa Enter contributions made, or to be made, to your IRA for 2013, but do not enter more than $5,500 ($6,500 if you are age 50 or older). Freetaxusa If contributions are more than $5,500 ($6,500 if you are age 50 or older), see Excess Contributions , later. Freetaxusa 6. Freetaxusa   7. Freetaxusa IRA deduction. Freetaxusa Compare lines 4, 5, and 6. Freetaxusa Enter the smallest amount (or a smaller amount if you choose) here and on the Form 1040, 1040A, or 1040NR line for your IRA, whichever applies. Freetaxusa If line 6 is more than line 7 and you want to make a nondeductible contribution, go to line 8 7. Freetaxusa   8. Freetaxusa Nondeductible contribution. Freetaxusa Subtract line 7 from line 5 or 6, whichever is smaller. Freetaxusa  Enter the result here and on line 1 of your Form 8606 8. Freetaxusa   Worksheet 1-2. Freetaxusa Figuring Your Reduced IRA Deduction for 2013—Example 1 Illustrated (Use only if you or your spouse is covered by an employer plan and your modified AGI falls between the two amounts shown below for your coverage situation and filing status. Freetaxusa ) Note. Freetaxusa If you were married and both you and your spouse contributed to IRAs, figure your deduction and your spouse's deduction separately. Freetaxusa IF you . Freetaxusa . Freetaxusa . Freetaxusa AND your  filing status is . Freetaxusa . Freetaxusa . Freetaxusa AND your modified AGI is over . Freetaxusa . Freetaxusa . Freetaxusa THEN enter on  line 1 below . Freetaxusa . Freetaxusa . Freetaxusa       are covered by an employer plan single or head of household $59,000 $69,000     married filing jointly or qualifying widow(er) $95,000 $115,000     married filing separately $0 $10,000     are not covered by an employer plan, but your spouse is covered married filing jointly $178,000 $188,000     married filing separately $0 $10,000     1. Freetaxusa Enter applicable amount from table above 1. Freetaxusa 115,000 2. Freetaxusa Enter your modified AGI (that of both spouses, if married filing jointly) 2. Freetaxusa 96,555   Note. Freetaxusa If line 2 is equal to or more than the amount on line 1, stop here. Freetaxusa  Your IRA contributions are not deductible. Freetaxusa See Nondeductible Contributions , earlier. Freetaxusa     3. Freetaxusa Subtract line 2 from line 1. Freetaxusa If line 3 is $10,000 or more ($20,000 or more if married filing jointly or qualifying widow(er) and you are covered by an employer plan), stop here. Freetaxusa You can take a full IRA deduction for contributions of up to $5,500 ($6,500 if you are age 50 or older) or 100% of your (and if married filing jointly, your spouse's) compensation, whichever is less 3. Freetaxusa 18,445 4. Freetaxusa Multiply line 3 by the percentage below that applies to you. Freetaxusa If the result is not a multiple of $10, round it to the next highest multiple of $10. Freetaxusa (For example, $611. Freetaxusa 40 is rounded to $620. Freetaxusa ) However, if the result is less than $200, enter $200. Freetaxusa         Married filing jointly or qualifying widow(er) and you are covered by an employer plan, multiply line 3 by 27. Freetaxusa 5% (. Freetaxusa 275) (by 32. Freetaxusa 5% (. Freetaxusa 325) if you are age 50 or older). Freetaxusa All others, multiply line 3 by 55% (. Freetaxusa 55) (by 65% (. Freetaxusa 65) if you are age 50 or older). Freetaxusa 4. Freetaxusa 5,080 5. Freetaxusa Enter your compensation minus any deductions on Form 1040 or Form 1040NR, line 27 (deductible part of self-employment tax) and line 28 (self-employed SEP, SIMPLE, and qualified plans). Freetaxusa If you are filing a joint return and your compensation is less than your spouse's, include your spouse's compensation reduced by his or her traditional IRA and Roth IRA contributions for this year. Freetaxusa If you file Form 1040 or Form 1040NR, do not reduce your compensation by any losses from self-employment 5. Freetaxusa 59,000 6. Freetaxusa Enter contributions made, or to be made, to your IRA for 2013, but do not enter more than $5,500 ($6,500 if you are age 50 or older). Freetaxusa If contributions are more than $5,500 ($6,500 if you are age 50 or older), see Excess Contributions , later. Freetaxusa 6. Freetaxusa 5,500 7. Freetaxusa IRA deduction. Freetaxusa Compare lines 4, 5, and 6. Freetaxusa Enter the smallest amount (or a smaller amount if you choose) here and on the Form 1040, 1040A, or 1040NR line for your IRA, whichever applies. Freetaxusa If line 6 is more than line 7 and you want to make a nondeductible contribution, go to line 8 7. Freetaxusa 5,080 8. Freetaxusa Nondeductible contribution. Freetaxusa Subtract line 7 from line 5 or 6, whichever is smaller. Freetaxusa  Enter the result here and on line 1 of your Form 8606 8. Freetaxusa 420 Worksheet 1-2. Freetaxusa Figuring Your Reduced IRA Deduction for 2013—Example 2 Illustrated (Use only if you or your spouse is covered by an employer plan and your modified AGI falls between the two amounts shown below for your coverage situation and filing status. Freetaxusa ) Note. Freetaxusa If you were married and both you and your spouse contributed to IRAs, figure your deduction and your spouse's deduction separately. Freetaxusa IF you . Freetaxusa . Freetaxusa . Freetaxusa AND your  filing status is . Freetaxusa . Freetaxusa . Freetaxusa AND your modified AGI is over . Freetaxusa . Freetaxusa . Freetaxusa THEN enter on  line 1 below . Freetaxusa . Freetaxusa . Freetaxusa       are covered by an employer plan single or head of household $59,000 $69,000     married filing jointly or qualifying widow(er) $95,000 $115,000     married filing separately $0 $10,000     are not covered by an employer plan, but your spouse is covered married filing jointly $178,000 $188,000     married filing separately $0 $10,000     1. Freetaxusa Enter applicable amount from table above 1. Freetaxusa 188,000 2. Freetaxusa Enter your modified AGI (that of both spouses, if married filing jointly) 2. Freetaxusa 180,555   Note. Freetaxusa If line 2 is equal to or more than the amount on line 1, stop here. Freetaxusa  Your IRA contributions are not deductible. Freetaxusa See Nondeductible Contributions , earlier. Freetaxusa     3. Freetaxusa Subtract line 2 from line 1. Freetaxusa If line 3 is $10,000 or more ($20,000 or more if married filing jointly or qualifying widow(er) and you are covered by an employer plan), stop here. Freetaxusa You can take a full IRA deduction for contributions of up to $5,500 ($6,500 if you are age 50 or older) or 100% of your (and if married filing jointly, your spouse's) compensation, whichever is less 3. Freetaxusa 7,445 4. Freetaxusa Multiply line 3 by the percentage below that applies to you. Freetaxusa If the result is not a multiple of $10, round it to the next highest multiple of $10. Freetaxusa (For example, $611. Freetaxusa 40 is rounded to $620. Freetaxusa ) However, if the result is less than $200, enter $200. Freetaxusa         Married filing jointly or qualifying widow(er) and you are covered by an employer plan, multiply line 3 by 27. Freetaxusa 5% (. Freetaxusa 275) (by 32. Freetaxusa 5% (. Freetaxusa 325) if you are age 50 or older). Freetaxusa All others, multiply line 3 by 55% (. Freetaxusa 55) (by 65% (. Freetaxusa 65) if you are age 50 or older). Freetaxusa 4. Freetaxusa 4,100 5. Freetaxusa Enter your compensation minus any deductions on Form 1040 or Form 1040NR, line 27 (deductible part of self-employment tax) and line 28 (self-employed SEP, SIMPLE, and qualified plans). Freetaxusa If you are filing a joint return and your compensation is less than your spouse's, include your spouse's compensation reduced by his or her traditional IRA and Roth IRA contributions for this year. Freetaxusa If you file Form 1040 or Form 1040NR, do not reduce your compensation by any losses from self-employment 5. Freetaxusa 39,500 6. Freetaxusa Enter contributions made, or to be made, to your IRA for 2013, but do not enter more than $5,500 ($6,500 if you are age 50 or older). Freetaxusa If contributions are more than $5,500 ($6,500 if you are age 50 or older), see Excess Contributions , later. Freetaxusa 6. Freetaxusa 5,500 7. Freetaxusa IRA deduction. Freetaxusa Compare lines 4, 5, and 6. Freetaxusa Enter the smallest amount (or a smaller amount if you choose) here and on the Form 1040, 1040A, or 1040NR line for your IRA, whichever applies. Freetaxusa If line 6 is more than line 7 and you want to make a nondeductible contribution, go to line 8 7. Freetaxusa 4,100 8. Freetaxusa Nondeductible contribution. Freetaxusa Subtract line 7 from line 5 or 6, whichever is smaller. Freetaxusa  Enter the result here and on line 1 of your Form 8606 8. Freetaxusa 1,400 What if You Inherit an IRA? If you inherit a traditional IRA, you are called a beneficiary. Freetaxusa A beneficiary can be any person or entity the owner chooses to receive the benefits of the IRA after he or she dies. Freetaxusa Beneficiaries of a traditional IRA must include in their gross income any taxable distributions they receive. Freetaxusa Inherited from spouse. Freetaxusa   If you inherit a traditional IRA from your spouse, you generally have the following three choices. Freetaxusa You can: Treat it as your own IRA by designating yourself as the account owner. Freetaxusa Treat it as your own by rolling it over into your IRA, or to the extent it is taxable, into a: Qualified employer plan, Qualified employee annuity plan (section 403(a) plan), Tax-sheltered annuity plan (s