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How Can I File My 2012 Taxes For Free

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How Can I File My 2012 Taxes For Free

How can i file my 2012 taxes for free Publication 54 - Introductory Material Table of Contents Future Developments What's New Reminders IntroductionOrdering forms and publications. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free Tax questions. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free Future Developments For the latest information about developments related to Publication 54, such as legislation enacted after it was published, go to www. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free irs. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free gov/pub54. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free What's New Exclusion amount. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free  The maximum foreign earned income exclusion is adjusted annually for inflation. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free For 2013, the maximum exclusion has increased to $97,600. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free See Limit on Excludable Amount under Foreign Earned Income Exclusion in chapter 4. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free Housing expenses — base amount. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free  The computation of the base housing amount (line 32 of Form 2555) is tied to the maximum foreign earned income exclusion. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free The amount is 16 percent of the exclusion amount (computed on a daily basis), multiplied by the number of days in your qualifying period that fall within your 2013 tax year. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free For 2013, this amount is $42. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free 78 per day ($15,616 per year). How can i file my 2012 taxes for free See Housing Amount under Foreign Housing Exclusion and Deduction in chapter 4. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free Housing expenses — maximum amount. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free  The amount of qualified housing expenses eligible for the housing exclusion and housing deduction has changed for some locations. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free See Limit on housing expenses under Foreign Housing Exclusion and Deduction in chapter 4. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free Filing requirements. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free  Generally, the amount of income you can receive before you must file an income tax return has increased. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free These amounts are shown in chapter 1 under Filing Requirements . How can i file my 2012 taxes for free Self-employment tax rate. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free  For 2013, the self-employment tax rate of 13. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free 3% has increased to 15. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free 3%. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free The maximum amount of net earnings from self-employment that is subject to the social security part of the self-employment tax has increased to $113,700. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free All net earnings are subject to the Medicare part of the tax. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free For more information, see chapter 3. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free IRA limitations for 2013. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free . How can i file my 2012 taxes for free  The 2013 contribution limit to an IRA has increased to $5,500 ($6,500 if age 50 or older). How can i file my 2012 taxes for free You may be able to take an IRA deduction if you were covered by a retirement plan and your 2013 modified adjusted gross income (AGI) is less than $69,000 ($115,000 if married filing jointly or a qualifying widow(er)). How can i file my 2012 taxes for free If your spouse was covered by a retirement plan, but you were not, you may be able to take an IRA deduction if your 2013 modified AGI is less than $188,000. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free See the Instructions for Form 1040 or the Instructions for Form 1040A for details and exceptions. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free Reminders Figuring tax on income not excluded. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free  If you claim the foreign earned income exclusion, the housing exclusion, or both, you must figure the tax on your nonexcluded income using the tax rates that would have applied had you not claimed the exclusions. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free See the Instructions for Form 1040 and complete the Foreign Earned Income Tax Worksheet to figure the amount of tax to enter on Form 1040, line 44. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free If you must attach Form 6251 to your return, use the Foreign Earned Income Tax Worksheet provided in the Instructions for Form 6251. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free Form 8938. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free  If you had foreign financial assets in 2013, you may have to file Form 8938 with your return. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free See Form 8938 in chapter 1. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free Change of address. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free  If you change your home mailing address, notify the Internal Revenue Service using Form 8822, Change of Address. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free If you are changing your business address, use Form 8822-B, Change of Address or Responsible Party—Business. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free Photographs of missing children. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free  The Internal Revenue Service is a proud partner with the National Center for Missing and Exploited Children. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free Photographs of missing children selected by the Center may appear in this publication on pages that would otherwise be blank. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free You can help bring these children home by looking at the photographs and calling 1-800-THE-LOST (1-800-843-5678) if you recognize a child. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free Introduction This publication discusses special tax rules for U. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free S. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free citizens and resident aliens who work abroad or who have income earned in foreign countries. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free If you are a U. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free S. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free citizen or resident alien, your worldwide income generally is subject to U. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free S. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free income tax, regardless of where you are living. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free Also, you are subject to the same income tax filing requirements that apply to U. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free S. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free citizens or resident aliens living in the United States. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free Expatriation tax provisions apply to U. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free S. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free citizens who have renounced their citizenship and long-term residents who have ended their residency. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free These provisions are discussed in chapter 4 of Publication 519, U. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free S. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free Tax Guide for Aliens. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free Resident alien. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free   A resident alien is an individual who is not a citizen or national of the United States and who meets either the green card test or the substantial presence test for the calendar year. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free Green card test. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free You are a U. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free S. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free resident if you were a lawful permanent resident of the United States at any time during the calendar year. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free This is known as the green card test because resident aliens hold immigrant visas (also known as green cards). How can i file my 2012 taxes for free Substantial presence test. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free You are considered a U. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free S. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free resident if you meet the substantial presence test for the calendar year. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free To meet this test, you must be physically present in the United States on at least: 31 days during the current calendar year, and A total of 183 days during the current year and the 2 preceding years, counting all the days of physical presence in the current year, but only 1/3 the number of days of presence in the first preceding year, and only 1/6 the number of days in the second preceding year. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free Example. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free You were physically present in the United States on 120 days in each of the years 2011, 2012, and 2013. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free To determine if you meet the substantial presence test for 2013, count the full 120 days of presence in 2013, 40 days in 2012 (1/3 of 120), and 20 days in 2011 (1/6 of 120). How can i file my 2012 taxes for free Because the total for the 3-year period is 180 days, you are not considered a resident under the substantial presence test for 2013. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free   For more information on resident and nonresident status, the tests for residence, and the exceptions to them, see Publication 519. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free Filing information. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free    Chapter 1 contains general filing information, such as: Whether you must file a U. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free S. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free tax return, When and where to file your return, How to report your income if it is paid in foreign currency, How to treat a nonresident alien spouse as a U. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free S. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free resident, and Whether you must pay estimated tax. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free Withholding tax. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free    Chapter 2 discusses the withholding of income, social security, and Medicare taxes from the pay of U. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free S. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free citizens and resident aliens. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free Self-employment tax. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free    Chapter 3 discusses who must pay self-employment tax. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free Foreign earned income exclusion and housing exclusion and deduction. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free    Chapter 4 discusses income tax benefits that apply if you meet certain requirements while living abroad. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free You may qualify to treat up to $97,600 of your income as not taxable by the United States. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free You also may be able to either deduct part of your housing expenses from your income or treat a limited amount of income used for housing expenses as not taxable by the United States. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free These benefits are called the foreign earned income exclusion and the foreign housing deduction and exclusion. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free   To qualify for either of the exclusions or the deduction, you must have a tax home in a foreign country and earn income from personal services performed in a foreign country. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free These rules are explained in chapter 4. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free   If you are going to exclude or deduct your income as discussed above, you must file Form 2555, Foreign Earned Income, or Form 2555-EZ, Foreign Earned Income Exclusion. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free Exemptions, deductions, and credits. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free    Chapter 5 discusses exemptions, deductions, and credits you may be able to claim on your return. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free These are generally the same as if you were living in the United States. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free However, if you choose to exclude foreign earned income or housing amounts, you cannot deduct or exclude any item or take a credit for any item that is related to the amounts you exclude. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free Among the topics discussed in chapter 5 are: Exemptions, Contributions to foreign organizations, Foreign moving expenses, Contributions to individual retirement arrangements (IRAs), and Foreign taxes. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free Tax treaty benefits. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free    Chapter 6 discusses some benefits that are common to most tax treaties and explains how to get help if you think you are not receiving a treaty benefit to which you are entitled. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free It also explains how to get copies of tax treaties. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free How to get tax help. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free    Chapter 7 is an explanation of how to get information and assistance from the IRS. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free Questions and answers. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free   Frequently asked questions and answers to those questions are presented in the back of the publication. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free Comments and suggestions. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free   We welcome your comments about this publication and your suggestions for future editions. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free   You can write to us at the following address: Internal Revenue Service Tax Forms and Publications Division 1111 Constitution Ave. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free NW, IR-6526 Washington, DC 20224   We respond to many letters by telephone. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free Therefore, it would be helpful if you would include your daytime phone number, including the area code, in your correspondence. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free   You can send us comments from www. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free irs. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free gov/formspubs/. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free Click on “More Information” and then on “Comment on Tax Forms and Publications. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free ”   Although we cannot respond individually to each comment received, we do appreciate your feedback and will consider your comments as we revise our tax products. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free Ordering forms and publications. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free   Visit www. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free irs. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free gov/formspubs/ to download forms and publications, call 1-800-829-3676, or write to the address below and receive a response within 10 days after your request is received. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free Internal Revenue Service 1201 N. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free Mitsubishi Motorway Bloomington, IL 61705-6613 Tax questions. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free   If you have a tax question, check the information available on IRS. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free gov or call 1-800-TAX–FORM (1-800-829-1040). How can i file my 2012 taxes for free We cannot answer tax questions sent to either of the above addresses. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free Prev  Up  Next   Home   More Online Publications
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How can i file my 2012 taxes for free 2. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free   American Opportunity Credit Table of Contents Introduction Can You Claim the CreditWho Can Claim the Credit Who Cannot Claim the Credit What Expenses QualifyQualified Education Expenses No Double Benefit Allowed Expenses That Do Not Qualify Who Is an Eligible StudentException. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free Who Can Claim a Dependent's Expenses Figuring the CreditEffect of the Amount of Your Income on the Amount of Your Credit Refundable Part of Credit Claiming the Credit Introduction For 2013, there are two tax credits available to help you offset the costs of higher education by reducing the amount of your income tax. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free They are the American opportunity credit (this chapter) and the lifetime learning credit ( chapter 3 ). How can i file my 2012 taxes for free This chapter explains: Who can claim the American opportunity credit, What expenses qualify for the credit, Who is an eligible student, Who can claim a dependent's expenses, How to figure the credit, How to claim the credit, and When the credit must be repaid. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free What is the tax benefit of the American opportunity credit. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free   For the tax year, you may be able to claim an American opportunity credit of up to $2,500 for qualified education expenses paid for each eligible student. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free   A tax credit reduces the amount of income tax you may have to pay. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free Unlike a deduction, which reduces the amount of income subject to tax, a credit directly reduces the tax itself. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free Forty percent of the American opportunity credit may be refundable. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free This means that if the refundable portion of your credit is more than your tax, the excess will be refunded to you. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free   Your allowable American opportunity credit may be limited by the amount of your income. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free Also, the nonrefundable part of the credit may be limited by the amount of your tax. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free Overview of the American opportunity credit. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free   See Table 2-1, Overview of the American Opportunity Credit , for the basics of this credit. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free The details are discussed in this chapter. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free Can you claim more than one education credit this year. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free   For each student, you can elect for any year only one of the credits. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free For example, if you elect to take the American opportunity credit for a child on your 2013 tax return, you cannot use that same child's qualified education expenses to figure the lifetime learning credit for 2013. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free   If you pay qualified education expenses for more than one student in the same year, you can choose to take the American opportunity credit on a per-student, per-year basis. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free If you pay qualified education expenses for a student (or students) for whom you do not claim the American opportunity credit, you can use the adjusted qualified education expenses of that student (or those students) in figuring your lifetime learning credit. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free This means that, for example, you can claim the American opportunity credit for one student and the lifetime learning credit for another student in the same year. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free Differences between the American opportunity and lifetime learning credits. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free   There are several differences between these two credits. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free For example, you can claim the American opportunity credit based on the same student's expenses for no more than 4 tax years, which includes any tax years you claimed the Hope Scholarship Credit for that student. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free However, there is no limit on the number of years for which you can claim a lifetime learning credit based on the same student's expenses. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free The differences between these credits are shown in Appendix B, Highlights of Education Tax Benefits for Tax Year 2013 near the end of this publication. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free If you claim the American opportunity credit for any student, you can choose between using that student's adjusted qualified education expenses for the American opportunity credit or the lifetime learning credit. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free If you have the choice, the American opportunity credit will always be greater than the lifetime learning credit. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free Table 2-1. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free Overview of the American Opportunity Credit Maximum credit Up to $2,500 credit per eligible student Limit on modified adjusted gross income (MAGI) $180,000 if married filing jointly; $90,000 if single, head of household, or qualifying widow(er) Refundable or nonrefundable 40% of credit may be refundable; the rest is nonrefundable Number of years of postsecondary education Available ONLY if the student had not completed the first 4 years of postsecondary education before 2013 Number of tax years credit available Available ONLY for 4 tax years per eligible student (including any year(s) Hope Scholarship Credit was claimed) Type of program required Student must be pursuing a program leading to a degree or other recognized education credential Number of courses Student must be enrolled at least half time for at least one academic period that begins during the tax year Felony drug conviction As of the end of 2013, the student had not been convicted of a felony for possessing or distributing a controlled substance Qualified expenses Tuition, required enrollment fees, and course materials that the student needs for a course of study whether or not the materials are bought at the educational institution as a condition of enrollment or attendance Payments for academic periods Payments made in 2013 for academic periods beginning in 2013 or beginning in the first 3 months of 2014 Can You Claim the Credit The following rules will help you determine if you are eligible to claim the American opportunity credit on your tax return. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free Who Can Claim the Credit Generally, you can claim the American opportunity credit if all three of the following requirements are met. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free You pay qualified education expenses of higher education. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free You pay the education expenses for an eligible student. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free The eligible student is either yourself, your spouse, or a dependent for whom you claim an exemption on your tax return. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free Student qualifications. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free   Generally, you can take the American opportunity credit for a student only if all of the following four requirements are met. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free As of the beginning of 2013, the student had not completed the first four years of postsecondary education (generally, the freshman through senior years of college), as determined by the eligible educational institution. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free For this purpose, do not include academic credit awarded solely because of the student's performance on proficiency examinations. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free Neither the American opportunity credit nor the Hope Scholarship Credit has been claimed (by you or anyone else) for this student for any four tax years before 2013. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free If the American opportunity credit (and Hope Scholarship Credit) has been claimed for this student for any three or fewer tax years before 2013, this requirement is met. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free For at least one academic period beginning (or treated as beginning) in 2013, the student both: Was enrolled in a program that leads to a degree, certificate, or other recognized educational credential; and Carried at least one-half the normal full-time workload for his or her course of study. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free The standard for what is half of the normal full-time work load is determined by each eligible educational institution. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free However, the standard may not be lower than any of those established by the U. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free S. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free Department of Education under the Higher Education Act of 1965. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free For purposes of whether the student satisfies this third requirement for 2013, treat an academic period beginning in the first three months of 2014 as if it began in 2013 if qualified education expenses for the student were paid in 2013 for that academic period. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free See Prepaid expenses, later. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free As of the end of 2013, the student had not been convicted of a federal or state felony for possessing or distributing a controlled substance. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free Example 1. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free Sharon was eligible for the Hope Scholarship Credit for 2007 and 2008 and for the American opportunity credit for 2010 and 2012. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free Her parents claimed the Hope Scholarship Credit for Sharon on their tax returns for 2007 and 2008 and claimed the American opportunity credit for Sharon on their 2010 tax return. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free Sharon claimed the American opportunity credit on her 2012 tax return. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free The American opportunity credit and Hope Scholarship Credit have been claimed for Sharon for four tax years before 2013. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free Therefore, the American opportunity credit cannot be claimed by Sharon for 2013. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free If Sharon were to file Form 8863 for 2013, she would check “Yes” for Part III, line 23, and would be eligible to claim only the lifetime learning credit. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free Example 2. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free Wilbert was eligible for the American opportunity credit for 2009, 2010, 2011, and 2013. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free His parents claimed the American opportunity credit for Wilbert on their tax returns for 2009, 2010, and 2011. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free No one claimed an American opportunity credit or Hope Scholarship Credit for Wilbert for any other tax year. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free The American opportunity credit and Hope Scholarship Credit have been claimed for Wilbert for only three tax years before 2013. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free Therefore, Wilbert meets the second requirement to be eligible for the American opportunity credit. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free If Wilbert were to file Form 8863 for 2013, he would check “No” for Part III, line 23. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free If Wilbert meets all of the other requirements, he is eligible for the American opportunity credit. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free Example 3. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free Glenda enrolls on a full-time basis in a degree program for the 2014 Spring semester, which begins in January 2014. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free Glenda pays her tuition for the 2014 Spring semester in December 2013. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free Because the tuition Glenda paid in 2013 relates to an academic period that begins in the first 3 months of 2014, her eligibility to claim an American opportunity credit in 2013 is determined as if the 2014 Spring semester began in 2013. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free If the requirements above are not met for any student, you cannot take the American opportunity credit for that student. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free You may be able to take the lifetime learning credit for part or all of that student's qualified education expenses instead. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free Note. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free Qualified education expenses paid by a dependent for whom you claim an exemption, or by a third party for that dependent, are considered paid by you. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free “Qualified education expenses” are defined later under Qualified Education Expenses . How can i file my 2012 taxes for free “Eligible students” are defined later under Who Is an Eligible Student . How can i file my 2012 taxes for free A dependent for whom you claim an exemption is defined later under Who Can Claim a Dependent's Expenses . How can i file my 2012 taxes for free You may find Figure 2-1, Can You Claim the American Opportunity Credit for 2013 , later, helpful in determining if you can claim an American opportunity credit on your tax return. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free This image is too large to be displayed in the current screen. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free Please click the link to view the image. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free Figure 2-1 Can you claim the American opportunity credit for 2012? Who Cannot Claim the Credit You cannot claim the American opportunity credit for 2013 if any of the following apply. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free Your filing status is married filing separately. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free You are listed as a dependent on another person's tax return (such as your parents'). How can i file my 2012 taxes for free See Who Can Claim a Dependent's Expenses , later. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free Your modified adjusted gross income (MAGI) is $90,000 or more ($180,000 or more in the case of a joint return). How can i file my 2012 taxes for free MAGI is explained later under Effect of the Amount of Your Income on the Amount of Your Credit . How can i file my 2012 taxes for free You (or your spouse) were a nonresident alien for any part of 2013 and the nonresident alien did not elect to be treated as a resident alien for tax purposes. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free More information on nonresident aliens can be found in Publication 519, U. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free S. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free Tax Guide for Aliens. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free What Expenses Qualify The American opportunity credit is based on adjusted qualified education expenses you pay for yourself, your spouse, or a dependent for whom you claim an exemption on your tax return. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free Generally, the credit is allowed for adjusted qualified education expenses paid in 2013 for an academic period beginning in 2013 or beginning in the first three months of 2014. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free For example, if you paid $1,500 in December 2013 for qualified tuition for the spring 2014 semester beginning January 2014, you can use that $1,500 in figuring your 2013 credit. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free Academic period. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free   An academic period includes a semester, trimester, quarter, or other period of study (such as a summer school session) as reasonably determined by an educational institution. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free In the case of an educational institution that uses credit hours or clock hours and does not have academic terms, each payment period can be treated as an academic period. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free Paid with borrowed funds. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free   You can claim an American opportunity credit for qualified education expenses paid with the proceeds of a loan. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free Use the expenses to figure the American opportunity credit for the year in which the expenses are paid, not the year in which the loan is repaid. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free Treat loan payments sent directly to the educational institution as paid on the date the institution credits the student's account. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free Student withdraws from class(es). How can i file my 2012 taxes for free   You can claim an American opportunity credit for qualified education expenses not refunded when a student withdraws. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free Qualified Education Expenses For purposes of the American opportunity credit, qualified education expenses are tuition and certain related expenses required for enrollment or attendance at an eligible educational institution. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free Eligible educational institution. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free   An eligible educational institution is any college, university, vocational school, or other postsecondary educational institution eligible to participate in a student aid program administered by the U. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free S. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free Department of Education. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free It includes virtually all accredited public, nonprofit, and proprietary (privately owned profit-making) postsecondary institutions. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free The educational institution should be able to tell you if it is an eligible educational institution. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free   Certain educational institutions located outside the United States also participate in the U. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free S. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free Department of Education's Federal Student Aid (FSA) programs. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free Related expenses. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free   Student-activity fees are included in qualified education expenses only if the fees must be paid to the institution as a condition of enrollment or attendance. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free   However, expenses for books, supplies, and equipment needed for a course of study are included in qualified education expenses whether or not the materials are purchased from the educational institution. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free Prepaid expenses. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free   Qualified education expenses paid in 2013 for an academic period that begins in the first three months of 2014 can be used in figuring an education credit for 2013 only. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free See Academic period, earlier. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free For example, if you pay $2,000 in December 2013, for qualified tuition for the 2014 winter quarter that begins in January 2014, you can use that $2,000 in figuring an education credit for 2013 only (if you meet all the other requirements). How can i file my 2012 taxes for free    You cannot use any amount you paid in 2012 or 2014 to figure the qualified education expenses you use to figure your 2013 education credit(s). How can i file my 2012 taxes for free   In the following examples, assume that each student is an eligible student at an eligible educational institution. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free Example 1. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free Jefferson is a sophomore in University V's degree program in dentistry. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free This year, in addition to tuition, he is required to pay a fee to the university for the rental of the dental equipment he will use in this program. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free Because the equipment rental is needed for his course of study, Jefferson's equipment rental fee is a qualified expense. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free Example 2. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free Grace and William, both first-year students at College W, are required to have certain books and other reading materials to use in their mandatory first-year classes. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free The college has no policy about how students should obtain these materials, but any student who purchases them from College W's bookstore will receive a bill directly from the college. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free William bought his books from a friend; Grace bought hers at College W's bookstore. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free Both are qualified education expenses for the American opportunity credit. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free Example 3. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free When Kelly enrolled at College X for her freshman year, she had to pay a separate student activity fee in addition to her tuition. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free This activity fee is required of all students, and is used solely to fund on-campus organizations and activities run by students, such as the student newspaper and the student government. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free No portion of the fee covers personal expenses. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free Although labeled as a student activity fee, the fee is required for Kelly's enrollment and attendance at College X and is a qualified expense. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free No Double Benefit Allowed You cannot do any of the following. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free Deduct higher education expenses on your income tax return (as, for example, a business expense) and also claim an American opportunity credit based on those same expenses. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free Claim an American opportunity credit in the same year that you are claiming a tuition and fees deduction for the same student. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free Claim an American opportunity credit for any student and use any of that student's expenses in figuring your lifetime learning credit. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free Figure the tax-free portion of a distribution from a Coverdell education savings account (ESA) or qualified tuition program (QTP) using the same expenses you used to figure the American opportunity credit. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free See Coordination With American Opportunity and Lifetime Learning Credits in chapter 7, Coverdell Education Savings Account, and Coordination With American Opportunity and Lifetime Learning Credits in chapter 8, Qualified Tuition Program. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free Claim a credit based on qualified education expenses paid with tax-free educational assistance, such as a scholarship, grant, or assistance provided by an employer. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free See Adjustments to Qualified Education Expenses, next. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free Adjustments to Qualified Education Expenses For each student, reduce the qualified education expenses paid by or on behalf of that student under the following rules. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free The result is the amount of adjusted qualified education expenses for each student. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free Tax-free educational assistance. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free   For tax-free educational assistance received in 2013, reduce the qualified educational expenses for each academic period by the amount of tax-free educational assistance allocable to that academic period. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free See Academic period, earlier. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free   Some tax-free educational assistance received after 2013 may be treated as a refund of qualified education expenses paid in 2013. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free This tax-free educational assistance is any tax-free educational assistance received by you or anyone else after 2013 for qualified education expenses paid on behalf of a student in 2013 (or attributable to enrollment at an eligible educational institution during 2013). How can i file my 2012 taxes for free   If this tax-free educational assistance is received after 2013 but before you file your 2013 income tax return, see Refunds received after 2013 but before your income tax return is filed, later. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free If this tax-free educational assistance is received after 2013 and after you file your 2013 income tax return, see Refunds received after 2013 and after your income tax return is filed, later. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free   Tax-free educational assistance includes: The tax-free parts of scholarships and fellowships (see Tax-Free Scholarships and Fellowships in chapter 1, Scholarships, Fellowships, Grants, and Tuition Reductions), Pell grants (see Pell Grants and Other Title IV Need-Based Education Grants in chapter 1, Scholarships, Fellowships, Grants, and Tuition Reductions). How can i file my 2012 taxes for free Employer-provided educational assistance (see chapter 11, Employer-Provided Educational Assistance ), Veterans' educational assistance (see Veterans' Benefits in chapter 1, Scholarships, Fellowships, Grants, and Tuition Reductions), and Any other nontaxable (tax-free) payments (other than gifts or inheritances) received as educational assistance. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free Generally, any scholarship or fellowship is treated as tax free. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free However, a scholarship or fellowship is not treated as tax free to the extent the student includes it in gross income (if the student is required to file a tax return for the year the scholarship or fellowship is received) and either of the following is true. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free The scholarship or fellowship (or any part of it) must be applied (by its terms) to expenses (such as room and board) other than qualified education expenses as defined in Qualified education expenses in chapter 1, Scholarships, Fellowships, Grants, and Tuition Reductions. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free The scholarship or fellowship (or any part of it) may be applied (by its terms) to expenses (such as room and board) other than qualified education expenses as defined in Qualified education expenses in chapter 1, Scholarships, Fellowships, Grants, and Tuition Reductions. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free You may be able to increase the combined value of an education credit and certain educational assistance if the student includes some or all of the educational assistance in income in the year it is received. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free For examples, see Coordination with Pell grants and other scholarships, later. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free Refunds. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free   A refund of qualified education expenses may reduce adjusted qualified education expenses for the tax year or require repayment (recapture) of a credit claimed in an earlier year. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free Some tax-free educational assistance received after 2013 may be treated as a refund. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free See Tax-free educational assistance, earlier. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free Refunds received in 2013. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free   For each student, figure the adjusted qualified education expenses for 2013 by adding all the qualified education expenses for 2013 and subtracting any refunds of those expenses received from the eligible educational institution during 2013. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free Refunds received after 2013 but before your income tax return is filed. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free   If anyone receives a refund after 2013 of qualified education expenses paid on behalf of a student in 2013 and the refund is paid before you file an income tax return for 2013, the amount of qualified education expenses for 2013 is reduced by the amount of the refund. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free Refunds received after 2013 and after your income tax return is filed. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free   If anyone receives a refund after 2013 of qualified education expenses paid on behalf of a student in 2013 and the refund is paid after you file an income tax return for 2013, you may need to repay some or all of the credit. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free See Credit recapture, next. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free Credit recapture. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free    If any tax-free educational assistance for the qualified education expenses paid in 2013, or any refund of your qualified education expenses paid in 2013, is received after you file your 2013 income tax return, you must recapture (repay) any excess credit. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free You do this by refiguring the amount of your adjusted qualified education expenses for 2013 by reducing the expenses by the amount of the refund or tax-free educational assistance. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free You then refigure your education credit(s) for 2013 and figure the amount by which your 2013 tax liability would have increased if you claimed the refigured credit(s). How can i file my 2012 taxes for free Include that amount as an additional tax for the year the refund or tax-free assistance was received. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free Example. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free   You paid $7,000 tuition and fees in August 2013, and your child began college in September 2013. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free You filed your 2013 tax return on February 17, 2014, and claimed an American opportunity credit of $2,500. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free After you filed your return, you received a refund of $4,000. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free You must refigure your 2013 American opportunity credit using $3,000 of qualified education expenses instead of $7,000. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free The refigured credit is $2,250. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free The increase to your tax liability is also $250. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free Include the difference of $250 as additional tax on your 2014 tax return. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free See the instructions for your 2014 income tax return to determine where to include this tax. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free If you pay qualified education expenses in 2014 for an academic period that begins in the first 3 months of 2014 and you receive tax-free educational assistance, or a refund, as described above, you may choose to reduce your qualified education expenses for 2014 instead of reducing your expenses for 2013. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free Amounts that do not reduce qualified education expenses. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free   Do not reduce qualified education expenses by amounts paid with funds the student receives as: Payment for services, such as wages, A loan, A gift, An inheritance, or A withdrawal from the student's personal savings. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free   Do not reduce the qualified education expenses by any scholarship or fellowship reported as income on the student's tax return in the following situations. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free The use of the money is restricted, by the terms of the scholarship or fellowship, to costs of attendance (such as room and board) other than qualified education expenses as defined in Qualified education expenses in chapter 1, Scholarships, Fellowships, Grants, and Tuition Reductions. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free The use of the money is not restricted. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free Example 1. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free Joan paid $3,000 for tuition and $5,000 for room and board at University X. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free The university did not require her to pay any fees in addition to her tuition in order to enroll in or attend classes. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free To help pay these costs, she was awarded a $2,000 scholarship and a $4,000 student loan. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free The terms of the scholarship state that it can be used to pay any of Joan's college expenses. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free University X applies the $2,000 scholarship against Joan's $8,000 total bill, and Joan pays the $6,000 balance of her bill from University X with a combination of her student loan and her savings. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free Joan does not report any portion of the scholarship as income on her tax return. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free In figuring the amount of either education credit (American opportunity or lifetime learning), Joan must reduce her qualified education expenses by the amount of the scholarship ($2,000) because she excluded the entire scholarship from her income. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free The student loan is not tax-free educational assistance, so she does not need to reduce her qualified expenses by any part of the loan proceeds. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free Joan is treated as having paid $1,000 in qualified education expenses ($3,000 tuition – $2,000 scholarship). How can i file my 2012 taxes for free Example 2. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free The facts are the same as in Example 1, except that Joan reports her entire scholarship as income on her tax return. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free Because Joan reported the entire $2,000 scholarship in her income, she does not need to reduce her qualified education expenses. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free Joan is treated as having paid $3,000 in qualified education expenses. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free Coordination with Pell grants and other scholarships. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free   In some cases, you may be able to reduce your tax liability by including scholarships in income. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free If you are claiming an education credit for a claimed dependent who received a scholarship, you may be able to reduce your tax liability if the student includes the scholarship in income. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free The scholarship must be one that may (by its terms) be applied to expenses (such as room and board) other than qualified education expenses. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free Example 1—No scholarship. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free Bill Pass, age 28 and unmarried, enrolled full-time in 2013 as a first-year student at a local college to earn a degree in law enforcement. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free This was his first year of postsecondary education. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free During 2013, he paid $5,600 for his qualified education expenses and $4,400 for his room and board for the fall 2013 semester. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free He and the college meet all the requirements for the American opportunity credit. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free Bill's AGI and his MAGI, for purposes of figuring his credit, are $30,000. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free Bill takes the standard deduction of $5,950 and personal exemption of $3,800, reducing his AGI to taxable income of $20,250. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free His income tax liability, before credits, is $2,599 and Bill claims no credits other than the American opportunity credit. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free He figures his American opportunity credit based on qualified education expenses of $4,000, which results in a credit of $2,500 and tax after credits of $99. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free Example 2—Scholarship excluded from income. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free The facts are the same as in Example 1—No scholarship, except that Bill was awarded a $5,600 scholarship. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free Under the terms of his scholarship, it may be used to pay any educational expenses, including room and board. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free If Bill excludes the scholarship from income, he will be deemed (for purposes of computing his education credit) to have used the scholarship to pay for tuition, required fees, and course materials. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free His adjusted qualified education expenses will be zero and he will not have an education credit. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free Therefore, Bill's tax after credits would be $2,599. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free Example 3—Scholarship partially included in income. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free The facts are the same as in Example 2—Scholarship excluded from income. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free If, unlike Example 2, Bill includes $4,000 of the scholarship in income, he will be deemed to have used that amount to pay for room and board. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free The remaining $1,600 of the $5,600 scholarship will reduce his qualified education expenses and his adjusted qualified education expenses will be $4,000. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free Bill's AGI will increase to $34,000, his taxable income will increase to $24,250, and his tax before credits will increase to $3,199. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free Based on his adjusted qualified education expenses of $4,000, Bill would be able to claim an American opportunity tax credit of $2,500 and his tax after credits would be $699. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free Expenses That Do Not Qualify Qualified education expenses do not include amounts paid for: Insurance, Medical expenses (including student health fees), Room and board, Transportation, or Similar personal, living, or family expenses. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free This is true even if the amount must be paid to the institution as a condition of enrollment or attendance. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free Sports, games, hobbies, and noncredit courses. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free   Qualified education expenses generally do not include expenses that relate to any course of instruction or other education that involves sports, games or hobbies, or any noncredit course. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free However, if the course of instruction or other education is part of the student's degree program, these expenses can qualify. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free Comprehensive or bundled fees. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free   Some eligible educational institutions combine all of their fees for an academic period into one amount. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free If you do not receive or do not have access to an allocation showing how much you paid for qualified education expenses and how much you paid for personal expenses, such as those listed earlier, contact the institution. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free The institution is required to make this allocation and provide you with the amount you paid (or were billed) for qualified education expenses on Form 1098-T, Tuition Statement. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free See Figuring the Credit , later, for more information about Form 1098-T. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free Who Is an Eligible Student To claim the American opportunity credit, the student for whom you pay qualified education expenses must be an eligible student. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free This is a student who meets all of the following requirements. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free The student did not have expenses that were used to figure an American opportunity credit in any 4 earlier tax years. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free This includes any tax year(s) in which you claimed the Hope Scholarship Credit for the same student. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free The student had not completed the first 4 years of postsecondary education (generally, the freshman, sophomore, junior, and senior years of college) before 2013. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free For at least one academic period beginning in 2013, the student was enrolled at least half-time in a program leading to a degree, certificate, or other recognized educational credential. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free The student has not been convicted of any federal or state felony for possessing or distributing a controlled substance as of the end of 2013. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free These requirements are also shown in Figure 2-2, Who is an Eligible Student for the American Opportunity Credit , later. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free Completion of first 4 years. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free   A student has completed the first 4 years of postsecondary education if the institution at which the student is enrolled awards the student 4 years of academic credit at that institution for coursework completed by the student before 2013. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free This student generally would not be an eligible student for purposes of the American opportunity credit. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free Exception. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free   Any academic credit awarded solely on the basis of the student's performance on proficiency examinations is disregarded in determining whether the student has completed 4 years of postsecondary education. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free Enrolled at least half-time. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free   A student was enrolled at least half-time if the student was taking at least half the normal full-time work load for his or her course of study. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free   The standard for what is half of the normal full-time work load is determined by each eligible educational institution. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free However, the standard may not be lower than any of those established by the U. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free S. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free Department of Education under the Higher Education Act of 1965. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free Please click here for the text description of the image. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free Figure 2-2 Example 1. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free Mack graduated from high school in June 2012. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free In September, he enrolled in an undergraduate degree program at College U, and attended full-time for both the 2012 fall and 2013 spring semesters. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free For the 2013 fall semester, Mack was enrolled less than half-time. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free Because Mack was enrolled in an undergraduate degree program on at least a half-time basis for at least one academic period that began during 2012 and at least one academic period that began during 2013, he is an eligible student for tax years 2012 and 2013 (including the 2013 fall semester when he enrolled at College U on less than a half-time basis). How can i file my 2012 taxes for free Example 2. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free After taking classes at College V on a part-time basis for a few years, Shelly became a full-time student for the 2013 spring semester. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free College V classified Shelly as a second-semester senior (fourth year) for the 2013 spring semester and as a first-semester graduate student (fifth year) for the 2013 fall semester. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free Because College V did not classify Shelly as having completed the first 4 years of postsecondary education as of the beginning of 2013, Shelly is an eligible student for tax year 2013. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free Therefore, the qualified education expenses paid for the 2013 spring semester and the 2013 fall semester are taken into account in calculating the American opportunity credit for 2013. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free Example 3. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free During the 2012 fall semester, Larry was a high school student who took classes on a half-time basis at College X. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free Larry was not enrolled as part of a degree program at College X because College X only admits students to a degree program if they have a high school diploma or equivalent. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free Because Larry was not enrolled in a degree program at College X during 2012, Larry was not an eligible student for tax year 2012. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free Example 4. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free The facts are the same as in Example 3. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free During the 2013 spring semester, Larry again attended College X but not as part of a degree program. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free Larry graduated from high school in June 2013. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free For the 2013 fall semester, Larry enrolled as a full-time student in College X as part of a degree program, and College X awarded Larry credit for his prior coursework at College X. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free Because Larry was enrolled in a degree program at College X for the 2013 fall term on at least a half-time basis, Larry is an eligible student for all of tax year 2013. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free Therefore, the qualified education expenses paid for classes taken at College X during both the 2013 spring semester (during which Larry was not enrolled in a degree program) and the 2013 fall semester are taken into account in computing any American opportunity credit. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free Example 5. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free Dee graduated from high school in June 2012. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free In January 2013, Dee enrolled in a 1-year postsecondary certificate program on a full-time basis to obtain a certificate as a travel agent. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free Dee completed the program in December 2013, and was awarded a certificate. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free In January 2014, she enrolled in a 1-year postsecondary certificate program on a full-time basis to obtain a certificate as a computer programmer. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free Dee is an eligible student for both tax years 2013 and 2014 because she meets the degree requirement, the work load requirement, and the year of study requirement for those years. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free Who Can Claim a Dependent's Expenses If there are qualified education expenses for your dependent during a tax year, either you or your dependent, but not both of you, can claim an American opportunity credit for your dependent's expenses for that year. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free For you to claim an American opportunity credit for your dependent's expenses, you must also claim an exemption for your dependent. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free You do this by listing your dependent's name and other required information on Form 1040 (or Form 1040A), line 6c. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free IF you. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free . How can i file my 2012 taxes for free . How can i file my 2012 taxes for free THEN only. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free . How can i file my 2012 taxes for free . How can i file my 2012 taxes for free claim an exemption on  your tax return for a  dependent who is an  eligible student you can claim the American opportunity credit based on that dependent's expenses. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free The dependent cannot claim the credit. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free do not claim an exemption on your tax return for a dependent who is an eligible student (even if entitled to the exemption) the dependent can claim the American opportunity credit. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free You cannot claim the credit based on this dependent's expenses. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free Expenses paid by dependent. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free   If you claim an exemption on your tax return for an eligible student who is your dependent, treat any expenses paid (or deemed paid) by your dependent as if you had paid them. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free Include these expenses when figuring the amount of your American opportunity credit. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free    Qualified education expenses paid directly to an eligible educational institution for your dependent under a court-approved divorce decree are treated as paid by your dependent. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free Expenses paid by you. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free   If you claim an exemption for a dependent who is an eligible student, only you can include any expenses you paid when figuring the amount of the American opportunity credit. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free If neither you nor anyone else claims an exemption for the dependent, only the dependent can include any expenses you paid when figuring the American opportunity credit. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free Expenses paid by others. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free   Someone other than you, your spouse, or your dependent (such as a relative or former spouse) may make a payment directly to an eligible educational institution to pay for an eligible student's qualified education expenses. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free In this case, the student is treated as receiving the payment from the other person and, in turn, paying the institution. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free If you claim an exemption on your tax return for the student, you are considered to have paid the expenses. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free Example. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free In 2013, Ms. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free Allen makes a payment directly to an eligible educational institution for her grandson Todd's qualified education expenses. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free For purposes of claiming an American opportunity credit, Todd is treated as receiving the money from his grandmother and, in turn, paying his qualified education expenses himself. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free Unless an exemption for Todd is claimed on someone else's 2013 tax return, only Todd can use the payment to claim an American opportunity credit. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free If anyone, such as Todd's parents, claims an exemption for Todd on his or her 2013 tax return, whoever claims the exemption may be able to use the expenses to claim an American opportunity credit. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free If anyone else claims an exemption for Todd, Todd cannot claim an American opportunity credit. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free Tuition reduction. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free    When an eligible educational institution provides a reduction in tuition to an employee of the institution (or spouse or dependent child of an employee), the amount of the reduction may or may not be taxable. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free If it is taxable, the employee is treated as receiving a payment of that amount and, in turn, paying it to the educational institution on behalf of the student. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free For more information on tuition reductions, see Qualified Tuition Reduction in chapter 1, Scholarships, Fellowships, Grants, and Tuition Reductions. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free Figuring the Credit The amount of the American opportunity credit (per eligible student) is the sum of: 100% of the first $2,000 of qualified education expenses you paid for the eligible student, and 25% of the next $2,000 of qualified education expenses you paid for that student. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free The maximum amount of American opportunity credit you can claim in 2013 is $2,500 multiplied by the number of eligible students. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free You can claim the full $2,500 for each eligible student for whom you paid at least $4,000 of adjusted qualified education expenses. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free However, the credit may be reduced based on your MAGI. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free See Effect of the Amount of Your Income on the Amount of Your Credit , later. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free Example. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free Jack and Kay Ford are married and file a joint tax return. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free For 2013, they claim an exemption for their dependent daughter on their tax return. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free Their MAGI is $70,000. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free Their daughter is in her junior (third) year of studies at the local university. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free Jack and Kay paid qualified education expenses of $4,300 in 2013. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free Jack and Kay, their daughter, and the local university meet all of the requirements for the American opportunity credit. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free Jack and Kay can claim a $2,500 American opportunity credit in 2013. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free This is 100% of the first $2,000 of qualified education expenses, plus 25% of the next $2,000. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free Form 1098-T. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free   To help you figure your American opportunity credit, the student should receive Form 1098-T, Tuition Statement. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free Generally, an eligible educational institution (such as a college or university) must send Form 1098-T (or acceptable substitute) to each enrolled student by January 31, 2014. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free An institution may choose to report either payments received (box 1), or amounts billed (box 2), for qualified education expenses. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free However, the amounts in boxes 1 and 2 of Form 1098-T might be different than what you paid. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free When figuring the credit, use only the amounts you paid or are deemed to have paid in 2013 for qualified education expenses. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free   In addition, Form 1098-T should give other information for that institution, such as adjustments made for prior years, the amount of scholarships or grants, reimbursements or refunds, and whether the student was enrolled at least half-time or was a graduate student. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free    The eligible educational institution may ask for a completed Form W-9S, Request for Student's or Borrower's Taxpayer Identification Number and Certification, or similar statement to obtain the student's name, address, and taxpayer identification number. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free Effect of the Amount of Your Income on the Amount of Your Credit The amount of your American opportunity credit is phased out (gradually reduced) if your MAGI is between $80,000 and $90,000 ($160,000 and $180,000 if you file a joint return). How can i file my 2012 taxes for free You cannot claim an American opportunity credit if your MAGI is $90,000 or more ($180,000 or more if you file a joint return). How can i file my 2012 taxes for free Modified adjusted gross income (MAGI). How can i file my 2012 taxes for free   For most taxpayers, MAGI is adjusted gross income (AGI) as figured on their federal income tax return. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free MAGI when using Form 1040A. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free   If you file Form 1040A, your MAGI is the AGI on line 22 of that form. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free MAGI when using Form 1040. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free   If you file Form 1040, your MAGI is the AGI on line 38 of that form, modified by adding back any: Foreign earned income exclusion, Foreign housing exclusion, Foreign housing deduction, Exclusion of income by bona fide residents of American Samoa, and Exclusion of income by bona fide residents of Puerto Rico. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free You can use Worksheet 2-1, next, to figure your MAGI. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free    Worksheet 2-1. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free MAGI for the American Opportunity Credit 1. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free Enter your adjusted gross income  (Form 1040, line 38)   1. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free   2. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free Enter your foreign earned income exclusion and/or housing exclusion (Form 2555, line 45, or Form 2555-EZ, line 18)   2. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free       3. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free Enter your foreign housing deduction (Form 2555, line 50)   3. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free       4. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free Enter the amount of income from Puerto Rico you are excluding   4. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free       5. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free Enter the amount of income from American Samoa you are excluding (Form 4563, line 15)   5. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free       6. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free Add the amounts on lines 2, 3, 4, and 5   6. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free   7. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free Add the amounts on lines 1 and 6. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free  This is your modified adjusted  gross income. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free Enter here and  on Form 8863, line 3   7. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free   Phaseout. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free   If your MAGI is within the range of incomes where the credit must be reduced, you will figure your reduced credit using lines 2-7, of Form 8863, Part I. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free The same method is shown in the following example. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free Example. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free You are filing a joint return and your MAGI is $165,000. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free In 2013, you paid $5,000 of qualified education expenses. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free You figure a tentative American opportunity credit of $2,500 (100% of the first $2,000 of qualified education expenses, plus 25% of the next $2,000 of qualified education expenses). How can i file my 2012 taxes for free Because your MAGI is within the range of incomes where the credit must be reduced, you must multiply your tentative credit ($2,500) by a fraction. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free The numerator of the fraction is $180,000 (the upper limit for those filing a joint return) minus your MAGI. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free The denominator is $20,000, the range of incomes for the phaseout ($160,000 to $180,000). How can i file my 2012 taxes for free The result is the amount of your phased out (reduced) American opportunity credit ($1,875). How can i file my 2012 taxes for free      $2,500 × $180,000 − $165,000  $20,000 = $1,875   Refundable Part of Credit Forty percent of the American opportunity credit is refundable for most taxpayers. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free However, if you were under age 24 at the end of 2013 and the conditions listed below apply to you, you cannot claim any part of the American opportunity credit as a refundable credit on your tax return. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free Instead, your allowed credit (figured on Form 8863, Part II) will be used to reduce your tax as a nonrefundable credit only. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free You do not qualify for a refund if items 1 (a, b, or c), 2, and 3 below apply to you. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free You were: Under age 18 at the end of 2013, or Age 18 at the end of 2013 and your earned income (defined below) was less than one-half of your support (defined below), or Over age 18 and under age 24 at the end of 2013 and a full-time student (defined below) and your earned income (defined below) was less than one-half of your support (defined below). How can i file my 2012 taxes for free At least one of your parents was alive at the end of 2013. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free You are filing a return as single, head of household, qualifying widow(er), or married filing separately for 2013. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free Earned income. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free   Earned income includes wages, salaries, professional fees, and other payments received for personal services actually performed. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free Earned income includes the part of any scholarship or fellowship that represents payment for teaching, research, or other services performed by the student that are required as a condition for receiving the scholarship or fellowship. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free Earned income does not include that part of the compensation for personal services rendered to a corporation which represents a distribution of earnings or profits rather than a reasonable allowance as compensation for the personal services actually rendered. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free   If you are a sole proprietor or a partner in a trade or business in which both personal services and capital are material income-producing factors, earned income also includes a reasonable allowance for compensation for personal services, but not more than 30% of your share of the net profits from that trade or business (after subtracting the deduction for one-half of self-employment tax). How can i file my 2012 taxes for free However, if capital is not an income-producing factor and your personal services produced the business income, the 30% limit does not apply. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free Support. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free   Your support includes food, shelter, clothing, medical and dental care, education, and the like. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free Generally, the amount of the item of support will be the amount of expenses incurred by the one furnishing such item. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free If the item of support is in the form of property or lodging, measure the amount of such item of support by its fair market value. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free However, a scholarship received by you is not considered support if you are a full-time student. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free See Publication 501 for details. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free Full-time student. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free   You are a full-time student for 2013 if during any part of any 5 calendar months during the year you were enrolled as a full-time student at an eligible educational institution (defined earlier), or took a full-time, on-farm training course given by such an institution or by a state, county, or local government agency. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free Claiming the Credit You claim the American opportunity credit by completing Form 8863 and submitting it with your Form 1040 or 1040A. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free Enter the nonrefundable part of the credit on Form 1040, line 49, or on Form 1040A, line 31. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free Enter the refundable part of the credit on Form 1040, line 66, or on Form 1040A, line 40. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free A filled-in Form 8863 is shown at the end of this publication. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free Note. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free In Appendix A. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free at the end of this publication, there is an example illustrating the use of Form 8863 when both the American opportunity credit and the lifetime learning credit are claimed on the same tax return. How can i file my 2012 taxes for free Prev  Up  Next   Home   More Online Publications