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How To File Taxes For Free

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How to file taxes for free 3. How to file taxes for free   Personal Exemptions and Dependents Table of Contents What's New Introduction Useful Items - You may want to see: ExemptionsPersonal Exemptions Exemptions for Dependents Qualifying Child Qualifying Relative Phaseout of Exemptions Social Security Numbers for DependentsBorn and died in 2013. How to file taxes for free Taxpayer identification numbers for aliens. How to file taxes for free Taxpayer identification numbers for adoptees. How to file taxes for free What's New Exemption amount. How to file taxes for free  The amount you can deduct for each exemption has increased. How to file taxes for free It was $3,800 for 2012. How to file taxes for free It is $3,900 for 2013. How to file taxes for free Exemption phaseout. How to file taxes for free  You lose at least part of the benefit of your exemptions if your adjusted gross income is more than a certain amount. How to file taxes for free For 2013, this amount is $150,000 for a married individual filing a separate return; $250,000 for a single individual; $275,000 for a head of household; and $300,000 for married individuals filing jointly or a qualifying widow(er). How to file taxes for free See Phaseout of Exemptions , later. How to file taxes for free Introduction This chapter discusses the following topics. How to file taxes for free Personal exemptions — You generally can take one for yourself and, if you are married, one for your spouse. How to file taxes for free Exemptions for dependents — You generally can take an exemption for each of your dependents. How to file taxes for free A dependent is your qualifying child or qualifying relative. How to file taxes for free If you are entitled to claim an exemption for a dependent, that dependent cannot claim a personal exemption on his or her own tax return. How to file taxes for free Phaseout of exemptions — Your deduction is reduced if your adjusted gross income is more than a certain amount. How to file taxes for free Social security number (SSN) requirement for dependents — You must list the SSN of any dependent for whom you claim an exemption. How to file taxes for free Deduction. How to file taxes for free   Exemptions reduce your taxable income. How to file taxes for free You can deduct $3,900 for each exemption you claim in 2013. How to file taxes for free But you may lose at least part of the dollar amount of your exemptions if your adjusted gross income is more than a certain amount. How to file taxes for free See Phaseout of Exemptions , later. How to file taxes for free How to claim exemptions. How to file taxes for free    How you claim an exemption on your tax return depends on which form you file. How to file taxes for free    If you file Form 1040EZ, the exemption amount is combined with the standard deduction amount and entered on line 5. How to file taxes for free    If you file Form 1040A, complete lines 6a through 6d. How to file taxes for free The total number of exemptions you can claim is the total in the box on line 6d. How to file taxes for free Also complete line 26. How to file taxes for free   If you file Form 1040, complete lines 6a through 6d. How to file taxes for free The total number of exemptions you can claim is the total in the box on line 6d. How to file taxes for free Also complete line 42. How to file taxes for free Useful Items - You may want to see: Publication 501 Exemptions, Standard Deduction, and Filing Information Form (and Instructions) 2120 Multiple Support Declaration 8332 Release/Revocation of Release of Claim to Exemption for Child by Custodial Parent Exemptions There are two types of exemptions you may be able to take: Personal exemptions for yourself and your spouse, and Exemptions for dependents (dependency exemptions). How to file taxes for free While each is worth the same amount ($3,900 for 2013), different rules apply to each type. How to file taxes for free Personal Exemptions You are generally allowed one exemption for yourself. How to file taxes for free If you are married, you may be allowed one exemption for your spouse. How to file taxes for free These are called personal exemptions. How to file taxes for free Your Own Exemption You can take one exemption for yourself unless you can be claimed as a dependent by another taxpayer. How to file taxes for free If another taxpayer is entitled to claim you as a dependent, you cannot take an exemption for yourself even if the other taxpayer does not actually claim you as a dependent. How to file taxes for free Your Spouse's Exemption Your spouse is never considered your dependent. How to file taxes for free Joint return. How to file taxes for free   On a joint return you can claim one exemption for yourself and one for your spouse. How to file taxes for free Separate return. How to file taxes for free   If you file a separate return, you can claim an exemption for your spouse only if your spouse had no gross income, is not filing a return, and was not the dependent of another taxpayer. How to file taxes for free This is true even if the other taxpayer does not actually claim your spouse as a dependent. How to file taxes for free You can claim an exemption for your spouse even if he or she is a nonresident alien; in that case, your spouse must have no gross income for U. How to file taxes for free S. How to file taxes for free tax purposes, must not be filing a return, and must not be the dependent of another taxpayer. How to file taxes for free Death of spouse. How to file taxes for free   If your spouse died during the year and you file a joint return for yourself and your deceased spouse, you generally can claim your spouse's exemption under the rules just explained in Joint return . How to file taxes for free If you file a separate return for the year, you may be able to claim your spouse's exemption under the rules just described in Separate return . How to file taxes for free   If you remarried during the year, you cannot take an exemption for your deceased spouse. How to file taxes for free   If you are a surviving spouse without gross income and you remarry in the year your spouse died, you can be claimed as an exemption on both the final separate return of your deceased spouse and the separate return of your new spouse for that year. How to file taxes for free If you file a joint return with your new spouse, you can be claimed as an exemption only on that return. How to file taxes for free Divorced or separated spouse. How to file taxes for free   If you obtained a final decree of divorce or separate maintenance during the year, you cannot take your former spouse's exemption. How to file taxes for free This rule applies even if you provided all of your former spouse's support. How to file taxes for free Exemptions for Dependents You are allowed one exemption for each person you can claim as a dependent. How to file taxes for free You can claim an exemption for a dependent even if your dependent files a return. How to file taxes for free The term “dependent” means: A qualifying child, or A qualifying relative. How to file taxes for free The terms “ qualifying child ” and “ qualifying relative ” are defined later. How to file taxes for free You can claim an exemption for a qualifying child or qualifying relative only if these three tests are met. How to file taxes for free Dependent taxpayer test. How to file taxes for free Joint return test. How to file taxes for free Citizen or resident test. How to file taxes for free These three tests are explained in detail later. How to file taxes for free All the requirements for claiming an exemption for a dependent are summarized in Table 3-1. How to file taxes for free Table 3-1. How to file taxes for free Overview of the Rules for Claiming an Exemption for a Dependent Caution. How to file taxes for free This table is only an overview of the rules. How to file taxes for free For details, see the rest of this chapter. How to file taxes for free You cannot claim any dependents if you (or your spouse, if filing jointly) could be claimed as a dependent by another taxpayer. How to file taxes for free   You cannot claim a married person who files a joint return as a dependent unless that joint return is filed only to claim a refund of withheld income tax or estimated tax paid. How to file taxes for free   You cannot claim a person as a dependent unless that person is a U. How to file taxes for free S. How to file taxes for free citizen, U. How to file taxes for free S. How to file taxes for free resident alien, U. How to file taxes for free S. How to file taxes for free national, or a resident of Canada or Mexico. How to file taxes for free 1  You cannot claim a person as a dependent unless that person is your qualifying child or qualifying relative. How to file taxes for free   Tests To Be a Qualifying Child   Tests To Be a Qualifying Relative The child must be your son, daughter, stepchild, foster child, brother, sister, half brother, half sister, stepbrother, stepsister, or a descendant of any of them. How to file taxes for free   The child must be (a) under age 19 at the end of the year and younger than you (or your spouse, if filing jointly), (b) under age 24 at the end of the year, a student, and younger than you (or your spouse, if filing jointly), or (c) any age if permanently and totally disabled. How to file taxes for free   The child must have lived with you for more than half of the year. How to file taxes for free 2  The child must not have provided more than half of his or her own support for the year. How to file taxes for free   The child is not filing a joint return for the year (unless that return is filed only to get a refund of income tax withheld or estimated tax paid). How to file taxes for free  If the child meets the rules to be a qualifying child of more than one person, only one person can actually treat the child as a qualifying child. How to file taxes for free See the Special Rule for Qualifying Child of More Than One Person to find out which person is the person entitled to claim the child as a qualifying child. How to file taxes for free   The person cannot be your qualifying child or the qualifying child of any other taxpayer. How to file taxes for free   The person either (a) must be related to you in one of the ways listed under Relatives who do not have to live with you , or (b) must live with you all year as a member of your household2 (and your relationship must not violate local law). How to file taxes for free   The person's gross income for the year must be less than $3,900. How to file taxes for free 3  You must provide more than half of the person's total support for the year. How to file taxes for free 4  1There is an exception for certain adopted children. How to file taxes for free 2There are exceptions for temporary absences, children who were born or died during the year, children of divorced or separated parents (or parents who live apart), and kidnapped children. How to file taxes for free 3There is an exception if the person is disabled and has income from a sheltered workshop. How to file taxes for free 4There are exceptions for multiple support agreements, children of divorced or separated parents (or parents who live apart), and kidnapped children. How to file taxes for free Dependent not allowed a personal exemption. How to file taxes for free If you can claim an exemption for your dependent, the dependent cannot claim his or her own personal exemption on his or her own tax return. How to file taxes for free This is true even if you do not claim the dependent's exemption on your return. How to file taxes for free It is also true if the dependent's exemption on your return is reduced or eliminated under the phaseout rule described under Phaseout of Exemptions, later. How to file taxes for free Housekeepers, maids, or servants. How to file taxes for free   If these people work for you, you cannot claim exemptions for them. How to file taxes for free Child tax credit. How to file taxes for free   You may be entitled to a child tax credit for each qualifying child who was under age 17 at the end of the year if you claimed an exemption for that child. How to file taxes for free For more information, see chapter 34. How to file taxes for free Dependent Taxpayer Test If you can be claimed as a dependent by another person, you cannot claim anyone else as a dependent. How to file taxes for free Even if you have a qualifying child or qualifying relative, you cannot claim that person as a dependent. How to file taxes for free If you are filing a joint return and your spouse can be claimed as a dependent by someone else, you and your spouse cannot claim any dependents on your joint return. How to file taxes for free Joint Return Test You generally cannot claim a married person as a dependent if he or she files a joint return. How to file taxes for free Exception. How to file taxes for free   You can claim an exemption for a person who files a joint return if that person and his or her spouse file the joint return only to claim a refund of income tax withheld or estimated tax paid. How to file taxes for free Example 1—child files joint return. How to file taxes for free You supported your 18-year-old daughter, and she lived with you all year while her husband was in the Armed Forces. How to file taxes for free He earned $25,000 for the year. How to file taxes for free The couple files a joint return. How to file taxes for free You cannot take an exemption for your daughter. How to file taxes for free Example 2—child files joint return only as claim for refund of withheld tax. How to file taxes for free Your 18-year-old son and his 17-year-old wife had $800 of wages from part-time jobs and no other income. How to file taxes for free Neither is required to file a tax return. How to file taxes for free They do not have a child. How to file taxes for free Taxes were taken out of their pay so they filed a joint return only to get a refund of the withheld taxes. How to file taxes for free The exception to the joint return test applies, so you are not disqualified from claiming an exemption for each of them just because they file a joint return. How to file taxes for free You can claim exemptions for each of them if all the other tests to do so are met. How to file taxes for free Example 3—child files joint return to claim American opportunity credit. How to file taxes for free The facts are the same as in Example 2 except no taxes were taken out of your son's pay. How to file taxes for free He and his wife are not required to file a tax return. How to file taxes for free However, they file a joint return to claim an American opportunity credit of $124 and get a refund of that amount. How to file taxes for free Because claiming the American opportunity credit is their reason for filing the return, they are not filing it only to get a refund of income tax withheld or estimated tax paid. How to file taxes for free The exception to the joint return test does not apply, so you cannot claim an exemption for either of them. How to file taxes for free Citizen or Resident Test You cannot claim a person as a dependent unless that person is a U. How to file taxes for free S. How to file taxes for free citizen, U. How to file taxes for free S. How to file taxes for free resident alien, U. How to file taxes for free S. How to file taxes for free national, or a resident of Canada or Mexico. How to file taxes for free However, there is an exception for certain adopted children, as explained next. How to file taxes for free Exception for adopted child. How to file taxes for free   If you are a U. How to file taxes for free S. How to file taxes for free citizen or U. How to file taxes for free S. How to file taxes for free national who has legally adopted a child who is not a U. How to file taxes for free S. How to file taxes for free citizen, U. How to file taxes for free S. How to file taxes for free resident alien, or U. How to file taxes for free S. How to file taxes for free national, this test is met if the child lived with you as a member of your household all year. How to file taxes for free This exception also applies if the child was lawfully placed with you for legal adoption. How to file taxes for free Child's place of residence. How to file taxes for free   Children usually are citizens or residents of the country of their parents. How to file taxes for free   If you were a U. How to file taxes for free S. How to file taxes for free citizen when your child was born, the child may be a U. How to file taxes for free S. How to file taxes for free citizen and meet this test even if the other parent was a nonresident alien and the child was born in a foreign country. How to file taxes for free Foreign students' place of residence. How to file taxes for free   Foreign students brought to this country under a qualified international education exchange program and placed in American homes for a temporary period generally are not U. How to file taxes for free S. How to file taxes for free residents and do not meet this test. How to file taxes for free You cannot claim an exemption for them. How to file taxes for free However, if you provided a home for a foreign student, you may be able to take a charitable contribution deduction. How to file taxes for free See Expenses Paid for Student Living With You in chapter 24. How to file taxes for free U. How to file taxes for free S. How to file taxes for free national. How to file taxes for free   A U. How to file taxes for free S. How to file taxes for free national is an individual who, although not a U. How to file taxes for free S. How to file taxes for free citizen, owes his or her allegiance to the United States. How to file taxes for free U. How to file taxes for free S. How to file taxes for free nationals include American Samoans and Northern Mariana Islanders who chose to become U. How to file taxes for free S. How to file taxes for free nationals instead of U. How to file taxes for free S. How to file taxes for free citizens. How to file taxes for free Qualifying Child Five tests must be met for a child to be your qualifying child. How to file taxes for free The five tests are: Relationship, Age, Residency, Support, and Joint return. How to file taxes for free These tests are explained next. How to file taxes for free If a child meets the five tests to be the qualifying child of more than one person, a special rule applies to determine which person can actually treat the child as a qualifying child. How to file taxes for free See Special Rule for Qualifying Child of More Than One Person, later. How to file taxes for free Relationship Test To meet this test, a child must be: Your son, daughter, stepchild, foster child, or a descendant (for example, your grandchild) of any of them, or Your brother, sister, half brother, half sister, stepbrother, stepsister, or a descendant (for example, your niece or nephew) of any of them. How to file taxes for free Adopted child. How to file taxes for free   An adopted child is always treated as your own child. How to file taxes for free The term “adopted child” includes a child who was lawfully placed with you for legal adoption. How to file taxes for free Foster child. How to file taxes for free   A foster child is an individual who is placed with you by an authorized placement agency or by judgment, decree, or other order of any court of competent jurisdiction. How to file taxes for free Age Test To meet this test, a child must be: Under age 19 at the end of the year and younger than you (or your spouse, if filing jointly), A student under age 24 at the end of the year and younger than you (or your spouse, if filing jointly), or Permanently and totally disabled at any time during the year, regardless of age. How to file taxes for free Example. How to file taxes for free Your son turned 19 on December 10. How to file taxes for free Unless he was permanently and totally disabled or a student, he does not meet the age test because, at the end of the year, he was not under age 19. How to file taxes for free Child must be younger than you or spouse. How to file taxes for free   To be your qualifying child, a child who is not permanently and totally disabled must be younger than you. How to file taxes for free However, if you are married filing jointly, the child must be younger than you or your spouse but does not have to be younger than both of you. How to file taxes for free Example 1—child not younger than you or spouse. How to file taxes for free Your 23-year-old brother, who is a student and unmarried, lives with you and your spouse. How to file taxes for free He is not disabled. How to file taxes for free Both you and your spouse are 21 years old, and you file a joint return. How to file taxes for free Your brother is not your qualifying child because he is not younger than you or your spouse. How to file taxes for free Example 2—child younger than your spouse but not younger than you. How to file taxes for free The facts are the same as in Example 1 except your spouse is 25 years old. How to file taxes for free Because your brother is younger than your spouse, and you and your spouse are filing a joint return, your brother is your qualifying child, even though he is not younger than you. How to file taxes for free Student defined. How to file taxes for free   To qualify as a student, your child must be, during some part of each of any 5 calendar months of the year: A full-time student at a school that has a regular teaching staff, course of study, and a regularly enrolled student body at the school, or A student taking a full-time, on-farm training course given by a school described in (1), or by a state, county, or local government agency. How to file taxes for free The 5 calendar months do not have to be consecutive. How to file taxes for free Full-time student. How to file taxes for free   A full-time student is a student who is enrolled for the number of hours or courses the school considers to be full-time attendance. How to file taxes for free School defined. How to file taxes for free   A school can be an elementary school, junior or senior high school, college, university, or technical, trade, or mechanical school. How to file taxes for free However, an on-the-job training course, correspondence school, or school offering courses only through the Internet does not count as a school. How to file taxes for free Vocational high school students. How to file taxes for free   Students who work on “co-op” jobs in private industry as a part of a school's regular course of classroom and practical training are considered full-time students. How to file taxes for free Permanently and totally disabled. How to file taxes for free   Your child is permanently and totally disabled if both of the following apply. How to file taxes for free He or she cannot engage in any substantial gainful activity because of a physical or mental condition. How to file taxes for free A doctor determines the condition has lasted or can be expected to last continuously for at least a year or can lead to death. How to file taxes for free Residency Test To meet this test, your child must have lived with you for more than half the year. How to file taxes for free There are exceptions for temporary absences, children who were born or died during the year, kidnapped children, and children of divorced or separated parents. How to file taxes for free Temporary absences. How to file taxes for free   Your child is considered to have lived with you during periods of time when one of you, or both, are temporarily absent due to special circumstances such as: Illness, Education, Business, Vacation, or Military service. How to file taxes for free Your child is also considered to have lived with you during any required hospital stay following birth, as long as the child would have lived with you during that time but for the hospitalization. How to file taxes for free Death or birth of child. How to file taxes for free   A child who was born or died during the year is treated as having lived with you more than half of the year if your home was the child's home more than half of the time he or she was alive during the year. How to file taxes for free Child born alive. How to file taxes for free   You may be able to claim an exemption for a child born alive during the year, even if the child lived only for a moment. How to file taxes for free State or local law must treat the child as having been born alive. How to file taxes for free There must be proof of a live birth shown by an official document, such as a birth certificate. How to file taxes for free The child must be your qualifying child or qualifying relative, and all the other tests to claim an exemption for a dependent must be met. How to file taxes for free Stillborn child. How to file taxes for free   You cannot claim an exemption for a stillborn child. How to file taxes for free Kidnapped child. How to file taxes for free   You may be able to treat your child as meeting the residency test even if the child has been kidnapped. How to file taxes for free See Publication 501 for details. How to file taxes for free Children of divorced or separated parents (or parents who live apart). How to file taxes for free   In most cases, because of the residency test, a child of divorced or separated parents is the qualifying child of the custodial parent. How to file taxes for free However, the child will be treated as the qualifying child of the noncustodial parent if all four of the following statements are true. How to file taxes for free The parents: Are divorced or legally separated under a decree of divorce or separate maintenance, Are separated under a written separation agreement, or Lived apart at all times during the last 6 months of the year, whether or not they are or were married. How to file taxes for free The child received over half of his or her support for the year from the parents. How to file taxes for free The child is in the custody of one or both parents for more than half of the year. How to file taxes for free Either of the following statements is true. How to file taxes for free The custodial parent signs a written declaration, discussed later, that he or she will not claim the child as a dependent for the year, and the noncustodial parent attaches this written declaration to his or her return. How to file taxes for free (If the decree or agreement went into effect after 1984 and before 2009, see Post-1984 and pre-2009 divorce decree or separation agreement , later. How to file taxes for free If the decree or agreement went into effect after 2008, see Post-2008 divorce decree or separation agreement , later. How to file taxes for free ) A pre-1985 decree of divorce or separate maintenance or written separation agreement that applies to 2013 states that the noncustodial parent can claim the child as a dependent, the decree or agreement was not changed after 1984 to say the noncustodial parent cannot claim the child as a dependent, and the noncustodial parent provides at least $600 for the child's support during the year. How to file taxes for free Custodial parent and noncustodial parent. How to file taxes for free   The custodial parent is the parent with whom the child lived for the greater number of nights during the year. How to file taxes for free The other parent is the noncustodial parent. How to file taxes for free   If the parents divorced or separated during the year and the child lived with both parents before the separation, the custodial parent is the one with whom the child lived for the greater number of nights during the rest of the year. How to file taxes for free   A child is treated as living with a parent for a night if the child sleeps: At that parent's home, whether or not the parent is present, or In the company of the parent, when the child does not sleep at a parent's home (for example, the parent and child are on vacation together). How to file taxes for free Equal number of nights. How to file taxes for free   If the child lived with each parent for an equal number of nights during the year, the custodial parent is the parent with the higher adjusted gross income (AGI). How to file taxes for free December 31. How to file taxes for free   The night of December 31 is treated as part of the year in which it begins. How to file taxes for free For example, December 31, 2013, is treated as part of 2013. How to file taxes for free Emancipated child. How to file taxes for free   If a child is emancipated under state law, the child is treated as not living with either parent. How to file taxes for free See Examples 5 and 6. How to file taxes for free Absences. How to file taxes for free   If a child was not with either parent on a particular night (because, for example, the child was staying at a friend's house), the child is treated as living with the parent with whom the child normally would have lived for that night, except for the absence. How to file taxes for free But if it cannot be determined with which parent the child normally would have lived or if the child would not have lived with either parent that night, the child is treated as not living with either parent that night. How to file taxes for free Parent works at night. How to file taxes for free   If, due to a parent's nighttime work schedule, a child lives for a greater number of days, but not nights, with the parent who works at night, that parent is treated as the custodial parent. How to file taxes for free On a school day, the child is treated as living at the primary residence registered with the school. How to file taxes for free Example 1—child lived with one parent for a greater number of nights. How to file taxes for free You and your child’s other parent are divorced. How to file taxes for free In 2013, your child lived with you 210 nights and with the other parent 155 nights. How to file taxes for free You are the custodial parent. How to file taxes for free Example 2—child is away at camp. How to file taxes for free In 2013, your daughter lives with each parent for alternate weeks. How to file taxes for free In the summer, she spends 6 weeks at summer camp. How to file taxes for free During the time she is at camp, she is treated as living with you for 3 weeks and with her other parent, your ex-spouse, for 3 weeks because this is how long she would have lived with each parent if she had not attended summer camp. How to file taxes for free Example 3—child lived same number of nights with each parent. How to file taxes for free Your son lived with you 180 nights during the year and lived the same number of nights with his other parent, your ex-spouse. How to file taxes for free Your AGI is $40,000. How to file taxes for free Your ex-spouse's AGI is $25,000. How to file taxes for free You are treated as your son's custodial parent because you have the higher AGI. How to file taxes for free Example 4—child is at parent’s home but with other parent. How to file taxes for free Your son normally lives with you during the week and with his other parent, your ex-spouse, every other weekend. How to file taxes for free You become ill and are hospitalized. How to file taxes for free The other parent lives in your home with your son for 10 consecutive days while you are in the hospital. How to file taxes for free Your son is treated as living with you during this 10-day period because he was living in your home. How to file taxes for free Example 5—child emancipated in May. How to file taxes for free When your son turned age 18 in May 2013, he became emancipated under the law of the state where he lives. How to file taxes for free As a result, he is not considered in the custody of his parents for more than half of the year. How to file taxes for free The special rule for children of divorced or separated parents does not apply. How to file taxes for free Example 6—child emancipated in August. How to file taxes for free Your daughter lives with you from January 1, 2013, until May 31, 2013, and lives with her other parent, your ex-spouse, from June 1, 2013, through the end of the year. How to file taxes for free She turns 18 and is emancipated under state law on August 1, 2013. How to file taxes for free Because she is treated as not living with either parent beginning on August 1, she is treated as living with you the greater number of nights in 2013. How to file taxes for free You are the custodial parent. How to file taxes for free Written declaration. How to file taxes for free    The custodial parent may use either Form 8332 or a similar statement (containing the same information required by the form) to make the written declaration to release the exemption to the noncustodial parent. How to file taxes for free The noncustodial parent must attach a copy of the form or statement to his or her tax return. How to file taxes for free   The exemption can be released for 1 year, for a number of specified years (for example, alternate years), or for all future years, as specified in the declaration. How to file taxes for free Post-1984 and pre-2009 divorce decree or separation agreement. How to file taxes for free   If the divorce decree or separation agreement went into effect after 1984 and before 2009, the noncustodial parent may be able to attach certain pages from the decree or agreement instead of Form 8332. How to file taxes for free The decree or agreement must state all three of the following. How to file taxes for free The noncustodial parent can claim the child as a dependent without regard to any condition, such as payment of support. How to file taxes for free The custodial parent will not claim the child as a dependent for the year. How to file taxes for free The years for which the noncustodial parent, rather than the custodial parent, can claim the child as a dependent. How to file taxes for free   The noncustodial parent must attach all of the following pages of the decree or agreement to his or her tax return. How to file taxes for free The cover page (write the other parent's social security number on this page). How to file taxes for free The pages that include all of the information identified in items (1) through (3) above. How to file taxes for free The signature page with the other parent's signature and the date of the agreement. How to file taxes for free Post-2008 divorce decree or separation agreement. How to file taxes for free   The noncustodial parent cannot attach pages from the decree or agreement instead of Form 8332 if the decree or agreement went into effect after 2008. How to file taxes for free The custodial parent must sign either Form 8332 or a similar statement whose only purpose is to release the custodial parent's claim to an exemption for a child, and the noncustodial parent must attach a copy to his or her return. How to file taxes for free The form or statement must release the custodial parent's claim to the child without any conditions. How to file taxes for free For example, the release must not depend on the noncustodial parent paying support. How to file taxes for free    The noncustodial parent must attach the required information even if it was filed with a return in an earlier year. How to file taxes for free Revocation of release of claim to an exemption. How to file taxes for free   The custodial parent can revoke a release of claim to exemption that he or she previously released to the noncustodial parent on Form 8332 (or a similar statement). How to file taxes for free For the revocation to be effective for 2013, the custodial parent must have given (or made reasonable efforts to give) written notice of the revocation to the noncustodial parent in 2012 or earlier. How to file taxes for free The custodial parent can use Part III of Form 8332 for this purpose and must attach a copy of the revocation to his or her return for each tax year he or she claims the child as a dependent as a result of the revocation. How to file taxes for free Remarried parent. How to file taxes for free   If you remarry, the support provided by your new spouse is treated as provided by you. How to file taxes for free Parents who never married. How to file taxes for free   This special rule for divorced or separated parents also applies to parents who never married, and who lived apart at all times during the last 6 months of the year. How to file taxes for free Support Test (To Be a Qualifying Child) To meet this test, the child cannot have provided more than half of his or her own support for the year. How to file taxes for free This test is different from the support test to be a qualifying relative, which is described later. How to file taxes for free However, to see what is or is not support, see Support Test (To Be a Qualifying Relative) , later. How to file taxes for free If you are not sure whether a child provided more than half of his or her own support, you may find Worksheet 3-1 helpful. How to file taxes for free Worksheet 3-1. How to file taxes for free Worksheet for Determining Support Funds Belonging to the Person You Supported       1. How to file taxes for free Enter the total funds belonging to the person you supported, including income received (taxable and nontaxable) and amounts borrowed during the year, plus the amount in savings and other accounts at the beginning of the year. How to file taxes for free Do not include funds provided by the state; include those amounts on line 23 instead 1. How to file taxes for free     2. How to file taxes for free Enter the amount on line 1 that was used for the person's support 2. How to file taxes for free     3. How to file taxes for free Enter the amount on line 1 that was used for other purposes 3. How to file taxes for free     4. How to file taxes for free Enter the total amount in the person's savings and other accounts at the end of the year 4. How to file taxes for free     5. How to file taxes for free Add lines 2 through 4. How to file taxes for free (This amount should equal line 1. How to file taxes for free ) 5. How to file taxes for free     Expenses for Entire Household (where the person you supported lived)       6. How to file taxes for free Lodging (complete line 6a or 6b):         a. How to file taxes for free Enter the total rent paid 6a. How to file taxes for free       b. How to file taxes for free Enter the fair rental value of the home. How to file taxes for free If the person you supported owned the home,  also include this amount in line 21 6b. How to file taxes for free     7. How to file taxes for free Enter the total food expenses 7. How to file taxes for free     8. How to file taxes for free Enter the total amount of utilities (heat, light, water, etc. How to file taxes for free not included in line 6a or 6b) 8. How to file taxes for free     9. How to file taxes for free Enter the total amount of repairs (not included in line 6a or 6b) 9. How to file taxes for free     10. How to file taxes for free Enter the total of other expenses. How to file taxes for free Do not include expenses of maintaining the home, such as mortgage interest, real estate taxes, and insurance 10. How to file taxes for free     11. How to file taxes for free Add lines 6a through 10. How to file taxes for free These are the total household expenses 11. How to file taxes for free     12. How to file taxes for free Enter total number of persons who lived in the household 12. How to file taxes for free     Expenses for the Person You Supported       13. How to file taxes for free Divide line 11 by line 12. How to file taxes for free This is the person's share of the household expenses 13. How to file taxes for free     14. How to file taxes for free Enter the person's total clothing expenses 14. How to file taxes for free     15. How to file taxes for free Enter the person's total education expenses 15. How to file taxes for free     16. How to file taxes for free Enter the person's total medical and dental expenses not paid for or reimbursed by insurance 16. How to file taxes for free     17. How to file taxes for free Enter the person's total travel and recreation expenses 17. How to file taxes for free     18. How to file taxes for free Enter the total of the person's other expenses 18. How to file taxes for free     19. How to file taxes for free Add lines 13 through 18. How to file taxes for free This is the total cost of the person's support for the year 19. How to file taxes for free     Did the Person Provide More Than Half of His or Her Own Support?       20. How to file taxes for free Multiply line 19 by 50% (. How to file taxes for free 50) 20. How to file taxes for free     21. How to file taxes for free Enter the amount from line 2, plus the amount from line 6b if the person you supported owned  the home. How to file taxes for free This is the amount the person provided for his or her own support 21. How to file taxes for free     22. How to file taxes for free Is line 21 more than line 20?   No. How to file taxes for free You meet the support test for this person to be your qualifying child. How to file taxes for free If this person also meets the other tests to be a qualifying child, stop here; do not complete lines 23–26. How to file taxes for free Otherwise, go to line 23 and fill out the rest of the worksheet to determine if this person is your qualifying relative. How to file taxes for free    Yes. How to file taxes for free You do not meet the support test for this person to be either your qualifying child or your qualifying relative. How to file taxes for free Stop here. How to file taxes for free        Did You Provide More Than Half?       23. How to file taxes for free Enter the amount others provided for the person's support. How to file taxes for free Include amounts provided by state, local, and other welfare societies or agencies. How to file taxes for free Do not include any amounts included on line 1 23. How to file taxes for free     24. How to file taxes for free Add lines 21 and 23 24. How to file taxes for free     25. How to file taxes for free Subtract line 24 from line 19. How to file taxes for free This is the amount you provided for the person's support 25. How to file taxes for free     26. How to file taxes for free Is line 25 more than line 20?   Yes. How to file taxes for free You meet the support test for this person to be your qualifying relative. How to file taxes for free    No. How to file taxes for free You do not meet the support test for this person to be your qualifying relative. How to file taxes for free You cannot claim an exemption for this person unless you can do so under a multiple support agreement, the support test for children of divorced or separated parents, or the special rule for kidnapped children. How to file taxes for free See Multiple Support Agreement or Support Test for Children of Divorced or Separated Parents (or Parents Who Live Apart) , or Kidnapped child under Qualifying Relative. How to file taxes for free   Example. How to file taxes for free You provided $4,000 toward your 16-year-old son's support for the year. How to file taxes for free He has a part-time job and provided $6,000 to his own support. How to file taxes for free He provided more than half of his own support for the year. How to file taxes for free He is not your qualifying child. How to file taxes for free Foster care payments and expenses. How to file taxes for free   Payments you receive for the support of a foster child from a child placement agency are considered support provided by the agency. How to file taxes for free Similarly, payments you receive for the support of a foster child from a state or county are considered support provided by the state or county. How to file taxes for free   If you are not in the trade or business of providing foster care and your unreimbursed out-of-pocket expenses in caring for a foster child were mainly to benefit an organization qualified to receive deductible charitable contributions, the expenses are deductible as charitable contributions but are not considered support you provided. How to file taxes for free For more information about the deduction for charitable contributions, see chapter 24. How to file taxes for free If your unreimbursed expenses are not deductible as charitable contributions, they may qualify as support you provided. How to file taxes for free   If you are in the trade or business of providing foster care, your unreimbursed expenses are not considered support provided by you. How to file taxes for free Example 1. How to file taxes for free Lauren, a foster child, lived with Mr. How to file taxes for free and Mrs. How to file taxes for free Smith for the last 3 months of the year. How to file taxes for free The Smiths cared for Lauren because they wanted to adopt her (although she had not been placed with them for adoption). How to file taxes for free They did not care for her as a trade or business or to benefit the agency that placed her in their home. How to file taxes for free The Smiths' unreimbursed expenses are not deductible as charitable contributions but are considered support they provided for Lauren. How to file taxes for free Example 2. How to file taxes for free You provided $3,000 toward your 10-year-old foster child's support for the year. How to file taxes for free The state government provided $4,000, which is considered support provided by the state, not by the child. How to file taxes for free See Support provided by the state (welfare, food stamps, housing, etc. How to file taxes for free ) , later. How to file taxes for free Your foster child did not provide more than half of her own support for the year. How to file taxes for free Scholarships. How to file taxes for free   A scholarship received by a child who is a student is not taken into account in determining whether the child provided more than half of his or her own support. How to file taxes for free Joint Return Test (To Be a Qualifying Child) To meet this test, the child cannot file a joint return for the year. How to file taxes for free Exception. How to file taxes for free   An exception to the joint return test applies if your child and his or her spouse file a joint return only to claim a refund of income tax withheld or estimated tax paid. How to file taxes for free Example 1—child files joint return. How to file taxes for free You supported your 18-year-old daughter, and she lived with you all year while her husband was in the Armed Forces. How to file taxes for free He earned $25,000 for the year. How to file taxes for free The couple files a joint return. How to file taxes for free Because your daughter and her husband file a joint return, she is not your qualifying child. How to file taxes for free Example 2—child files joint return only as a claim for refund of withheld tax. How to file taxes for free Your 18-year-old son and his 17-year-old wife had $800 of wages from part-time jobs and no other income. How to file taxes for free Neither is required to file a tax return. How to file taxes for free They do not have a child. How to file taxes for free Taxes were taken out of their pay so they filed a joint return only to get a refund of the withheld taxes. How to file taxes for free The exception to the joint return test applies, so your son may be your qualifying child if all the other tests are met. How to file taxes for free Example 3—child files joint return to claim American opportunity credit. How to file taxes for free The facts are the same as in Example 2 except no taxes were taken out of your son's pay. How to file taxes for free He and his wife were not required to file a tax return. How to file taxes for free However, they file a joint return to claim an American opportunity credit of $124 and get a refund of that amount. How to file taxes for free Because claiming the American opportunity credit is their reason for filing the return, they are not filing it only to get a refund of income tax withheld or estimated tax paid. How to file taxes for free The exception to the joint return test does not apply, so your son is not your qualifying child. How to file taxes for free Special Rule for Qualifying Child of More Than One Person If your qualifying child is not a qualifying child of anyone else, this special rule does not apply to you and you do not need to read about it. How to file taxes for free This is also true if your qualifying child is not a qualifying child of anyone else except your spouse with whom you file a joint return. How to file taxes for free If a child is treated as the qualifying child of the noncustodial parent under the rules for children of divorced or separated parents (or parents who live apart) described earlier, see Applying this special rule to divorced or separated parents (or parents who live apart), later. How to file taxes for free Sometimes, a child meets the relationship, age, residency, support, and joint return tests to be a qualifying child of more than one person. How to file taxes for free Although the child is a qualifying child of each of these persons, only one person can actually treat the child as a qualifying child to take all of the following tax benefits (provided the person is eligible for each benefit). How to file taxes for free The exemption for the child. How to file taxes for free The child tax credit. How to file taxes for free Head of household filing status. How to file taxes for free The credit for child and dependent care expenses. How to file taxes for free The exclusion from income for dependent care benefits. How to file taxes for free The earned income credit. How to file taxes for free The other person cannot take any of these benefits based on this qualifying child. How to file taxes for free In other words, you and the other person cannot agree to divide these benefits between you. How to file taxes for free The other person cannot take any of these tax benefits for a child unless he or she has a different qualifying child. How to file taxes for free Tiebreaker rules. How to file taxes for free   To determine which person can treat the child as a qualifying child to claim these six tax benefits, the following tiebreaker rules apply. How to file taxes for free If only one of the persons is the child's parent, the child is treated as the qualifying child of the parent. How to file taxes for free If the parents file a joint return together and can claim the child as a qualifying child, the child is treated as the qualifying child of the parents. How to file taxes for free If the parents do not file a joint return together but both parents claim the child as a qualifying child, the IRS will treat the child as the qualifying child of the parent with whom the child lived for the longer period of time during the year. How to file taxes for free If the child lived with each parent for the same amount of time, the IRS will treat the child as the qualifying child of the parent who had the higher adjusted gross income (AGI) for the year. How to file taxes for free If no parent can claim the child as a qualifying child, the child is treated as the qualifying child of the person who had the highest AGI for the year. How to file taxes for free If a parent can claim the child as a qualifying child but no parent does so claim the child, the child is treated as the qualifying child of the person who had the highest AGI for the year, but only if that person's AGI is higher than the highest AGI of any of the child's parents who can claim the child. How to file taxes for free If the child's parents file a joint return with each other, this rule can be applied by dividing the parents' combined AGI equally between the parents. How to file taxes for free See Example 6 . How to file taxes for free   Subject to these tiebreaker rules, you and the other person may be able to choose which of you claims the child as a qualifying child. How to file taxes for free Example 1—child lived with parent and grandparent. How to file taxes for free You and your 3-year-old daughter Jane lived with your mother all year. How to file taxes for free You are 25 years old, unmarried, and your AGI is $9,000. How to file taxes for free Your mother's AGI is $15,000. How to file taxes for free Jane's father did not live with you or your daughter. How to file taxes for free You have not signed Form 8332 (or a similar statement) to release the child's exemption to the noncustodial parent. How to file taxes for free Jane is a qualifying child of both you and your mother because she meets the relationship, age, residency, support, and joint return tests for both you and your mother. How to file taxes for free However, only one of you can claim her. How to file taxes for free Jane is not a qualifying child of anyone else, including her father. How to file taxes for free You agree to let your mother claim Jane. How to file taxes for free This means your mother can claim Jane as a qualifying child for all of the six tax benefits listed earlier, if she qualifies (and if you do not claim Jane as a qualifying child for any of those tax benefits). How to file taxes for free Example 2—parent has higher AGI than grandparent. How to file taxes for free The facts are the same as in Example 1 except your AGI is $18,000. How to file taxes for free Because your mother's AGI is not higher than yours, she cannot claim Jane. How to file taxes for free Only you can claim Jane. How to file taxes for free Example 3—two persons claim same child. How to file taxes for free The facts are the same as in Example 1 except that you and your mother both claim Jane as a qualifying child. How to file taxes for free In this case, you, as the child's parent, will be the only one allowed to claim Jane as a qualifying child. How to file taxes for free The IRS will disallow your mother's claim to the six tax benefits listed earlier unless she has another qualifying child. How to file taxes for free Example 4—qualifying children split between two persons. How to file taxes for free The facts are the same as in Example 1 except you also have two other young children who are qualifying children of both you and your mother. How to file taxes for free Only one of you can claim each child. How to file taxes for free However, if your mother's AGI is higher than yours, you can allow your mother to claim one or more of the children. How to file taxes for free For example, if you claim one child, your mother can claim the other two. How to file taxes for free Example 5—taxpayer who is a qualifying child. How to file taxes for free The facts are the same as in Example 1 except you are only 18 years old and did not provide more than half of your own support for the year. How to file taxes for free This means you are your mother's qualifying child. How to file taxes for free If she can claim you as a dependent, then you cannot claim your daughter as a dependent because of the Dependent Taxpayer Test explained earlier. How to file taxes for free Example 6—child lived with both parents and grandparent. How to file taxes for free The facts are the same as in Example 1 except you are married to your daughter's father. How to file taxes for free The two of you live together with your daughter and your mother, and have an AGI of $20,000 on a joint return. How to file taxes for free If you and your husband do not claim your daughter as a qualifying child, your mother can claim her instead. How to file taxes for free Even though the AGI on your joint return, $20,000, is more than your mother's AGI of $15,000, for this purpose each parent's AGI can be treated as $10,000, so your mother's $15,000 AGI is treated as higher than the highest AGI of any of the child's parents who can claim the child. How to file taxes for free Example 7—separated parents. How to file taxes for free You, your husband, and your 10-year-old son lived together until August 1, 2013, when your husband moved out of the household. How to file taxes for free In August and September, your son lived with you. How to file taxes for free For the rest of the year, your son lived with your husband, the boy's father. How to file taxes for free Your son is a qualifying child of both you and your husband because your son lived with each of you for more than half the year and because he met the relationship, age, support, and joint return tests for both of you. How to file taxes for free At the end of the year, you and your husband still were not divorced, legally separated, or separated under a written separation agreement, so the rule for children of divorced or separated parents (or parents who live apart) does not apply. How to file taxes for free You and your husband will file separate returns. How to file taxes for free Your husband agrees to let you treat your son as a qualifying child. How to file taxes for free This means, if your husband does not claim your son as a qualifying child, you can claim your son as a qualifying child for the dependency exemption, child tax credit, and exclusion for dependent care benefits (if you qualify for each of those tax benefits). How to file taxes for free However, you cannot claim head of household filing status because you and your husband did not live apart for the last 6 months of the year. How to file taxes for free As a result, your filing status is married filing separately, so you cannot claim the earned income credit or the credit for child and dependent care expenses. How to file taxes for free Example 8—separated parents claim same child. How to file taxes for free The facts are the same as in Example 7 except that you and your husband both claim your son as a qualifying child. How to file taxes for free In this case, only your husband will be allowed to treat your son as a qualifying child. How to file taxes for free This is because, during 2013, the boy lived with him longer than with you. How to file taxes for free If you claimed an exemption or the child tax credit for your son, the IRS will disallow your claim to both these tax benefits. How to file taxes for free If you do not have another qualifying child or dependent, the IRS will also disallow your claim to the exclusion for dependent care benefits. How to file taxes for free In addition, because you and your husband did not live apart for the last 6 months of the year, your husband cannot claim head of household filing status. How to file taxes for free As a result, his filing status is married filing separately, so he cannot claim the earned income credit or the credit for child and dependent care expenses. How to file taxes for free Example 9—unmarried parents. How to file taxes for free You, your 5-year-old son, and your son's father lived together all year. How to file taxes for free You and your son's father are not married. How to file taxes for free Your son is a qualifying child of both you and his father because he meets the relationship, age, residency, support, and joint return tests for both you and his father. How to file taxes for free Your AGI is $12,000 and your son's father's AGI is $14,000. How to file taxes for free Your son's father agrees to let you claim the child as a qualifying child. How to file taxes for free This means you can claim him as a qualifying child for the dependency exemption, child tax credit, head of household filing status, credit for child and dependent care expenses, exclusion for dependent care benefits, and the earned income credit, if you qualify for each of those tax benefits (and if your son's father does not, in fact, claim your son as a qualifying child for any of those tax benefits). How to file taxes for free Example 10—unmarried parents claim same child. How to file taxes for free The facts are the same as in Example 9 except that you and your son's father both claim your son as a qualifying child. How to file taxes for free In this case, only your son's father will be allowed to treat your son as a qualifying child. How to file taxes for free This is because his AGI, $14,000, is more than your AGI, $12,000. How to file taxes for free If you claimed an exemption or the child tax credit for your son, the IRS will disallow your claim to both these tax benefits. How to file taxes for free If you do not have another qualifying child or dependent, the IRS will also disallow your claim to the earned income credit, head of household filing status, the credit for child and dependent care expenses, and the exclusion for dependent care benefits. How to file taxes for free Example 11—child did not live with a parent. How to file taxes for free You and your 7-year-old niece, your sister's child, lived with your mother all year. How to file taxes for free You are 25 years old, and your AGI is $9,300. How to file taxes for free Your mother's AGI is $15,000. How to file taxes for free Your niece's parents file jointly, have an AGI of less than $9,000, and do not live with you or their child. How to file taxes for free Your niece is a qualifying child of both you and your mother because she meets the relationship, age, residency, support, and joint return tests for both you and your mother. How to file taxes for free However, only your mother can treat her as a qualifying child. How to file taxes for free This is because your mother's AGI, $15,000, is more than your AGI, $9,300. How to file taxes for free Applying this special rule to divorced or separated parents (or parents who live apart). How to file taxes for free   If a child is treated as the qualifying child of the noncustodial parent under the rules described earlier for children of divorced or separated parents (or parents who live apart), only the noncustodial parent can claim an exemption and the child tax credit for the child. How to file taxes for free However, the custodial parent, if eligible, or other eligible person can claim the child as a qualifying child for head of household filing status, the credit for child and dependent care expenses, the exclusion for dependent care benefits, and the earned income credit. How to file taxes for free If the child is the qualifying child of more than one person for these benefits, then the tiebreaker rules just explained determine which person can treat the child as a qualifying child. How to file taxes for free Example 1. How to file taxes for free You and your 5-year-old son lived all year with your mother, who paid the entire cost of keeping up the home. How to file taxes for free Your AGI is $10,000. How to file taxes for free Your mother's AGI is $25,000. How to file taxes for free Your son's father did not live with you or your son. How to file taxes for free Under the rules explained earlier for children of divorced or separated parents (or parents who live apart), your son is treated as the qualifying child of his father, who can claim an exemption and the child tax credit for him. How to file taxes for free Because of this, you cannot claim an exemption or the child tax credit for your son. How to file taxes for free However, your son's father cannot claim your son as a qualifying child for head of household filing status, the credit for child and dependent care expenses, the exclusion for dependent care benefits, or the earned income credit. How to file taxes for free You and your mother did not have any child care expenses or dependent care benefits, so neither of you can claim the credit for child and dependent care expenses or the exclusion for dependent care benefits. How to file taxes for free But the boy is a qualifying child of both you and your mother for head of household filing status and the earned income credit because he meets the relationship, age, residency, support, and joint return tests for both you and your mother. How to file taxes for free (Note: The support test does not apply for the earned income credit. How to file taxes for free ) However, you agree to let your mother claim your son. How to file taxes for free This means she can claim him for head of household filing status and the earned income credit if she qualifies for each and if you do not claim him as a qualifying child for the earned income credit. How to file taxes for free (You cannot claim head of household filing status because your mother paid the entire cost of keeping up the home. How to file taxes for free ) Example 2. How to file taxes for free The facts are the same as in Example 1 except your AGI is $25,000 and your mother's AGI is $21,000. How to file taxes for free Your mother cannot claim your son as a qualifying child for any purpose because her AGI is not higher than yours. How to file taxes for free Example 3. How to file taxes for free The facts are the same as in Example 1 except you and your mother both claim your son as a qualifying child for the earned income credit. How to file taxes for free Your mother also claims him as a qualifying child for head of household filing status. How to file taxes for free You, as the child's parent, will be the only one allowed to claim your son as a qualifying child for the earned income credit. How to file taxes for free The IRS will disallow your mother's claim to the earned income credit and head of household filing status unless she has another qualifying child. How to file taxes for free Qualifying Relative Four tests must be met for a person to be your qualifying relative. How to file taxes for free The four tests are: Not a qualifying child test, Member of household or relationship test, Gross income test, and Support test. How to file taxes for free Age. How to file taxes for free   Unlike a qualifying child, a qualifying relative can be any age. How to file taxes for free There is no age test for a qualifying relative. How to file taxes for free Kidnapped child. How to file taxes for free   You may be able to treat a child as your qualifying relative even if the child has been kidnapped. How to file taxes for free See Publication 501 for details. How to file taxes for free Not a Qualifying Child Test A child is not your qualifying relative if the child is your qualifying child or the qualifying child of any other taxpayer. How to file taxes for free Example 1. How to file taxes for free Your 22-year-old daughter, who is a student, lives with you and meets all the tests to be your qualifying child. How to file taxes for free She is not your qualifying relative. How to file taxes for free Example 2. How to file taxes for free Your 2-year-old son lives with your parents and meets all the tests to be their qualifying child. How to file taxes for free He is not your qualifying relative. How to file taxes for free Example 3. How to file taxes for free Your son lives with you but is not your qualifying child because he is 30 years old and does not meet the age test. How to file taxes for free He may be your qualifying relative if the gross income test and the support test are met. How to file taxes for free Example 4. How to file taxes for free Your 13-year-old grandson lived with his mother for 3 months, with his uncle for 4 months, and with you for 5 months during the year. How to file taxes for free He is not your qualifying child because he does not meet the residency test. How to file taxes for free He may be your qualifying relative if the gross income test and the support test are met. How to file taxes for free Child of person not required to file a return. How to file taxes for free   A child is not the qualifying child of any other taxpayer and so may qualify as your qualifying relative if the child's parent (or other person for whom the child is defined as a qualifying child) is not required to file an income tax return and either: Does not file an income tax return, or Files a return only to get a refund of income tax withheld or estimated tax paid. How to file taxes for free Example 1—return not required. How to file taxes for free You support an unrelated friend and her 3-year-old child, who lived with you all year in your home. How to file taxes for free Your friend has no gross income, is not required to file a 2013 tax return, and does not file a 2013 tax return. How to file taxes for free Both your friend and her child are your qualifying relatives if the support test is met. How to file taxes for free Example 2—return filed to claim refund. How to file taxes for free The facts are the same as in Example 1 except your friend had wages of $1,500 during the year and had income tax withheld from her wages. How to file taxes for free She files a return only to get a refund of the income tax withheld and does not claim the earned income credit or any other tax credits or deductions. How to file taxes for free Both your friend and her child are your qualifying relatives if the support test is met. How to file taxes for free Example 3—earned income credit claimed. How to file taxes for free The facts are the same as in Example 2 except your friend had wages of $8,000 during the year and claimed the earned income credit on her return. How to file taxes for free Your friend's child is the qualifying child of another taxpayer (your friend), so you cannot claim your friend's child as your qualifying relative. How to file taxes for free Child in Canada or Mexico. How to file taxes for free   You may be able to claim your child as a dependent even if the child lives in Canada or Mexico. How to file taxes for free If the child does not live with you, the child does not meet the residency test to be your qualifying child. How to file taxes for free However, the child may still be your qualifying relative. How to file taxes for free If the persons the child does live with are not U. How to file taxes for free S. How to file taxes for free citizens and have no U. How to file taxes for free S. How to file taxes for free gross income, those persons are not “taxpayers,” so the child is not the qualifying child of any other taxpayer. How to file taxes for free If the child is not the qualifying child of any other taxpayer, the child is your qualifying relative as long as the gross income test and the support test are met. How to file taxes for free   You cannot claim as a dependent a child who lives in a foreign country other than Canada or Mexico, unless the child is a U. How to file taxes for free S. How to file taxes for free citizen, U. How to file taxes for free S. How to file taxes for free resident alien, or U. How to file taxes for free S. How to file taxes for free national. How to file taxes for free There is an exception for certain adopted children who lived with you all year. How to file taxes for free See Citizen or Resident Test , earlier. How to file taxes for free Example. How to file taxes for free You provide all the support of your children, ages 6, 8, and 12, who live in Mexico with your mother and have no income. How to file taxes for free You are single and live in the United States. How to file taxes for free Your mother is not a U. How to file taxes for free S. How to file taxes for free citizen and has no U. How to file taxes for free S. How to file taxes for free income, so she is not a “taxpayer. How to file taxes for free ” Your children are not your qualifying children because they do not meet the residency test. How to file taxes for free But since they are not the qualifying children of any other taxpayer, they are your qualifying relatives and you can claim them as dependents. How to file taxes for free You may also be able to claim your mother as a dependent if the gross income and support tests are met. How to file taxes for free Member of Household or Relationship Test To meet this test, a person must either: Live with you all year as a member of your household, or Be related to you in one of the ways listed under Relatives who do not have to live with you . How to file taxes for free If at any time during the year the person was your spouse, that person cannot be your qualifying relative. How to file taxes for free However, see Personal Exemptions , earlier. How to file taxes for free Relatives who do not have to live with you. How to file taxes for free   A person related to you in any of the following ways does not have to live with you all year as a member of your household to meet this test. How to file taxes for free Your child, stepchild, foster child, or a descendant of any of them (for example, your grandchild). How to file taxes for free (A legally adopted child is considered your child. How to file taxes for free ) Your brother, sister, half brother, half sister, stepbrother, or stepsister. How to file taxes for free Your father, mother, grandparent, or other direct ancestor, but not foster parent. How to file taxes for free Your stepfather or stepmother. How to file taxes for free A son or daughter of your brother or sister. How to file taxes for free A son or daughter of your half brother or half sister. How to file taxes for free A brother or sister of your father or mother. How to file taxes for free Your son-in-law, daughter-in-law, father-in-law, mother-in-law, brother-in-law, or sister-in-law. How to file taxes for free Any of these relationships that were established by marriage are not ended by death or divorce. How to file taxes for free Example. How to file taxes for free You and your wife began supporting your wife's father, a widower, in 2006. How to file taxes for free Your wife died in 2012. How to file taxes for free Despite your wife's death, your father-in-law continues to meet this test, even if he does not live with you. How to file taxes for free You can claim him as a dependent if all other tests are met, including the gross income test and support test. How to file taxes for free Foster child. How to file taxes for free   A foster child is an individual who is placed with you by an authorized placement agency or by judgment, decree, or other order of any court of competent jurisdiction. How to file taxes for free Joint return. How to file taxes for free   If you file a joint return, the person can be related to either you or your spouse. How to file taxes for free Also, the person does not need to be related to the spouse who provides support. How to file taxes for free   For example, your spouse's uncle who receives more than half of his support from you may be your qualifying relative, even though he does not live with you. How to file taxes for free However, if you and your spouse file separate returns, your spouse's uncle can be your qualifying relative only if he lives with you all year as a member of your household. How to file taxes for free Temporary absences. How to file taxes for free   A person is considered to live with you as a member of your household during periods of time when one of you, or both, are temporarily absent due to special circumstances such as: Illness, Education, Business, Vacation, or Military service. How to file taxes for free   If the person is placed in a nursing home for an indefinite period of time to receive constant medical care, the absence may be considered temporary. How to file taxes for free Death or birth. How to file taxes for free   A person who died during the year, but lived with you as a member of your household until death, will meet this test. How to file taxes for free The same is true for a child who was born during the year and lived with you as a member of your household for the rest of the year. How to file taxes for free The test is also met if a child lived with you as a member of your household except for any required hospital stay following birth. How to file taxes for free   If your dependent died during the year and you otherwise qualify to claim an exemption for the dependent, you can still claim the exemption. How to file taxes for free Example. How to file taxes for free Your dependent mother died on January 15. How to file taxes for free She met the tests to be your qualifying relative. How to file taxes for free The other tests to claim an exemption for a dependent were also met. How to file taxes for free You can claim an exemption for her on your return. How to file taxes for free Local law violated. How to file taxes for free   A person does not meet this test if at any time during the year the relationship between you and that person violates local law. How to file taxes for free Example. How to file taxes for free Your girlfriend lived with you as a member of your household all year. How to file taxes for free However, your relationship with her violated the laws of the state where you live, because she was married to someone else. How to file taxes for free Therefore, she does not meet this test and you cannot claim her as a dependent. How to file taxes for free Adopted child. How to file taxes for free   An adopted child is always treated as your own child. How to file taxes for free The term “adopted child” includes a child who was lawfully placed with you for legal adoption. How to file taxes for free Cousin. How to file taxes for free   Your cousin meets this test only if he or she lives with you all year as a member of your household. How to file taxes for free A cousin is a descendant of a brother or sister of your father or mother. How to file taxes for free Gross Income Test To meet this test, a person's gross income for the year must be less than $3,900. How to file taxes for free Gross income defined. How to file taxes for free   Gross income is all income in the form of money, property, and services that is not exempt from tax. How to file taxes for free   In a manufacturing, merchandising, or mining business, gross income is the total net sales minus the cost of goods sold, plus any miscellaneous income from the business. How to file taxes for free   Gross receipts from rental property are gross income. How to file taxes for free Do not deduct taxes, repairs, or other expenses, to determine the gross income from rental property. How to file taxes for free   Gross income includes a partner's share of the gross (not a share of the net) partnership income. How to file taxes for free    Gross income also includes all taxable unemployment compensation and certain scholarship and fellowship grants. How to file taxes for free Scholarships received by degree candidates and used for tuition, fees, supplies, books, and equipment required for particular courses generally are not included in gross income. How to file taxes for free For more information about scholarships, see chapter 12. How to file taxes for free   Tax-exempt income, such as certain social security benefits, is not included in gross income. How to file taxes for free Disabled dependent working at sheltered workshop. How to file taxes for free   For purposes of the gross income test, the gross income of an individual who is permanently and totally disabled at any time during the year does not include income for services the individual performs at a sheltered workshop. How to file taxes for free The availability of medical care at the workshop must be the main reason for the individual's presence there. How to file taxes for free Also, the income must come solely from activities at the workshop that are incident to this medical care. How to file taxes for free   A “sheltered workshop” is a school that: Provides special instruction or training designed to alleviate the disability of the individual, and Is operated by certain tax-exempt organizations, or by a state, a U. How to file taxes for free S. How to file taxes for free possession, a political subdivision of a state or possession, the United States, or the District of Columbia. How to file taxes for free “Permanently and totally disabled” has the same meaning here as under Qualifying Child, earlier. How to file taxes for free Support Test (To Be a Qualifying Relative) To meet this test, you generally must provide more than half of a person's total support during the calendar year. How to file taxes for free However, if two or more persons provide support, but no one person provides more than half of a person's total support, see Multiple Support Agreement , later. How to file taxes for free How to determine if support test is met. How to file taxes for free   You figure whether you have provided more than half of a person's total support by comparing the amount you contributed to that person's support with the entire amount of support that person received from all sources. How to file taxes for free This includes support the person provided from his or her own funds. How to file taxes for free   You may find Worksheet 3-1 helpful in figuring whether you provided more than half of a person's support. How to file taxes for free Person's own funds not used for support. How to file taxes for free   A person's own funds are not support unless they are actually spent for support. How to file taxes for free Example. How to file taxes for free Your mother received $2,400 in social security benefits and $300 in interest. How to file taxes for free She paid $2,000 for lodging and $400 for recreation. How to file taxes for free She put $300 in a savings account. How to file taxes for free Even though your mother received a total of $2,700 ($2,400 + $300), she spent only $2,400 ($2,000 + $400) for her own support. How to file taxes for free If you spent more than $2,400 for her support and no other support was received, you have provided more than half of her support. How to file taxes for free Child's wages used for own support. How to file taxes for free   You cannot include in your contribution to your child's support any support paid for by the child with the child's own wages, even if you paid the wages. How to file taxes for free Year support is provided. How to file taxes for free   The year you provide the support is the year you pay for it, even if you do so with borrowed money that you repay in a later year. How to file taxes for free   If you use a fiscal year to report your income, you must provide more than half of the dependent's support for the calendar year in which your fiscal year begins. How to file taxes for free Armed Forces dependency allotments. How to file taxes for free   The part of the allotment contributed by the government and the part taken out of your military pay are both considered provided by you in figuring whether you provide more than half of the support. How to file taxes for free If your allotment is used to support persons other than those you name, you can take the exemptions for them if they otherwise qualify. How to file taxes for free Example. How to file taxes for free You are in the Armed Forces. How to file taxes for free You authorize an allotment for your widowed mother that she uses to support herself and her sister. How to file taxes for free If the allotment provides more than half of each person's support, you can take an exemption for each of them, if they otherwise qualify, even though you authorize the allotment only for your mother. How to file taxes for free Tax-exempt military quarters allowances. How to file taxes for free   These allowances are treated the same way as dependency allotments in figuring support. How to file taxes for free The allotment of pay and the tax-exempt basic allowance for quarters are both considered as provided by you for support. How to file taxes for free Tax-exempt income. How to file taxes for free   In figuring a person's total support, include tax-exempt income, savings, and borrowed amounts used to support that person. How to file taxes for free Tax-exempt income includes certain social security benefits, welfare benefits, nontaxable life insurance proceeds, Armed Forces family allotments, nontaxable pensions, and tax-exempt interest. How to file taxes for free Example 1. How to file taxes for free You provide $4,000 toward your mother's support during the year. How to file taxes for free She has earned income of $600, nontaxable social security benefits of $4,800, and tax-exempt interest of $200. How to file taxes for free She uses all these for her support. How to file taxes for free You cannot claim an exemption for your mother because the $4,000 you provide is not more than half of her total support of $9,600 ($4,000 + $600 + $4,800 + $200). How to file taxes for free Example 2. How to file taxes for free Your niece takes out a student loan of $2,500 a
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About the API

We make the content you see in our directory of federal agencies available in both English and Spanish via a REST API. The API programmatically returns all of the information contained in the directory, or you can query the API to return just a subset of the available information.

If you are using the Federal Agency Directory API and have feedback or want to tell us about your product, please e-mail us.

Changes to the API

On December 28, 2012, we launched version 2.0 of the API and made the following changes:

  • Launched new methods to return directory records in a hierarchical fashion.
  • Results can now be returned using XML and JSONP, as well as straight JSON.
  • The Interface method was removed.

About the Data

The data in the Federal Agency Directory API is based on the English and Spanish federal agency directories. We gather this data from the agency information listed in the U.S. Government Manual, and independent research by our staff.

There is no schedule for data updates; we update data continually, and as needed. Early versions of the API may have incomplete and inconsistent data. We are working to continually develop the data in our directory records.

If you have suggestions about what types of data you would like to see in the Federal Agency Directory API, please e-mail us.

About the Spanish Data

GobiernoUSA.gov and the North American Academy of the Spanish Language (ANLE, per its Spanish acronym) worked together to review federal agencies Spanish translations to ensure language accuracy and consistency throughout the government. ANLE, the highest authority on Spanish language in the United States, and GobiernoUSA.gov have the joined mission of improving and standardizing the use of Spanish language in government communications.

This collaboration, possible through a signed agreement between the two institutions, resulted in a list of official Spanish language translations of federal agencies, available through this API.

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Accessing the API

Our Federal Agency Directory API is accessible via HTTP GET requests and does not require a login or API key to use.

The base URL for the API is http://www.usa.gov/api/USAGovAPI/contacts.{format}/. Append the API call you’d like to make to this URL.

Currently, three output formats are available:

  1. JSON (such as http://www.usa.gov/api/USAGovAPI/contacts.json/contacts)
  2. XML (such as http://www.usa.gov/api/USAGovAPI/contacts.xml/contacts)
  3. JSONP (such as http://www.usa.gov/api/USAGovAPI/contacts.jsonp/contacts?callback=callmemaybe). When requesting JSONP, you should include a callback parameter with the name of the callback function you would like called.

For the purposes of this documentation, only JSON sample calls and results will be shown.

API Result Formats

The Federal Agency Directory API returns results in json, with an optional callback parameter to enable jsonp support.

Interactive Documentation for the API

If you're interested in trying out the Federal Agency Directory API, we have an interactive test page. On this page, you can try different parameters and see the results.

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API Data Model

The following fields are associated with directory records. Please note that not every record has data in every field, and the API will only return completed fields.

  • Id - A unique identifier for each directory record
  • Name – The name of the agency.
  • Description – A brief description of the agency.
  • Language – Whether the record is in English or Spanish.
  • Subdivision – Used for mailing items to the agency.
  • Street1 – A first line of address information (such as the street address) for the agency’s main office.
  • Street2 – A second line of address information for the agency’s main office.
  • City – The city of the agency’s main office.
  • StateTer – The state of the agency’s main office.
  • Zip – The postal zip code of the agency’s main office.
  • Email – The e-mail address for the agency’s main office.
  • Phone – The phone number of the agency’s main office (may contain more than one).
  • TTY – The TTY number of the agency’s main office (may contain more than one).
  • Tollfree – The toll-free number to contact the agency (may contain more than one).
  • SMS – Any services offered via text messaging by the agency.
  • Synonym – Alternative names used commonly to refer to the agency (may contain more than one).
  • URI – The URL to access the agency’s complete directory record via the API.
  • Source_Url – The USA.gov or GobiernoUSA.gov URL that contains the record.

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URLs

The directory API returns several types of URLs that can be used to link to the agency.

  • Web_Url – Main URLs for the agency (may contain more than one).
  • Contact_Url – URLs for the public to contact the agency (may contain more than one).
  • In_Person_Url – URLs for the public to find out how to interact with the agney in person (may contain more than one).
  • Form_Url – URLs for the agency to find forms from the agency (may contain more than one).

For each of these URLs, the following sub-data elements are returned:

  • Url – The URL to the web page.
  • Description – A description of the URL.
  • Language – Whether the web page located at the URL is in English (en) or Spanish (es).

Agency Relationships

Additionally, the directory API returns information on the hierarchical relationship between federal agencies.

  • Parent – The parent of the agency. such as the Department of the Treasury for the Internal Revenue Service.
  • Child – Any children departments or agencies for the agency. such as the Census Bureau for the Department of Commerce (may contain more than one of these).
  • Alt_Language – The record for the agency in Spanish, if the record is in English, and vice versa.

For each of these relationships, the following sub-data elements are returned for the related agency:

  • Id – A unique identifier for each directory record
  • Name – The name of the agency.
  • URI – The URL to access the agency’s complete directory record via the API.
  • For Alt_Language only, Language – Whether the alternate language record is in English (en) or Spanish (es).

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API Methods

As of version 2.0, the methods of the Federal Agency Directory API are broken down into two categories. The first category simply returns a list of agency records. The second category returns a hierarchical structure of the agency records, making it easy to form a tree. The tree can show that the Food and Drug Administration is part of the Department of Health and Human Services. This is just one example.

API Methods That Return A List of Agency Records

Contacts

Contacts is a general purpose call that, by default, will return all of the agency directory records. However, you can pass parameters into contacts that allow you to filter the records returned by the API in powerful ways.

Parameters

query_filter – Return only agency directory records that meet the criteria you enter into this parameter. In general, the filter takes the form of {field_name}::{value}[|{field_name}::{value}]*. Additionally, for names, you can perform substring searches by surrounding {value} with asterixis.

For example, if you want to return all agencies that have the word “commission” in their title, you can use a query_filter of name::*commission*. Likewise, if you want to find all commissions who have their main address in Virginia, you can use a query_filter of: name::*commission*|state::VA

See the data model above for a list of field names that you can query on.

result_filter – Return only the fields listed here (separated by |) as opposed to every field in each directory record. For example, use a result_filter of name|phone to return only names and phone numbers.

See the data model above for a list of field names that you can specify be returned.

sort – Allows you to specify the sort order of the returned agency directory records. For example, use a sort of name to sort the results by the agency’s name. You can also cause the sort to go in descending order by prepending the field name with a -, such as -name.

See the data model above for a list of field names that you can sort the results on.

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/contacts/tree/independent

The independent method will return every agency record that has no parent and no child, such as the National Railroad Passenger Corporation.

/contacts/tree

The tree method returns every agency record, and, optionally, includes sub-agencies as part of their parent agency’s record.

Paramaters

include_descendants - Set to true if you want the API to return the descendents directly as part of their parent agency’s record.

/contacts/tree/dependent

The dependent method returns every agency record that has sub-agencies, and, optionally, includes sub-agencies as part of their parent agency’s record.

Parameters

include_descendants - Set to true if you want the API to return the descendents directly as part of their parent agency’s record.

/contact/{identifier}/tree/sibling

The sibling method will return all of the agency records that are siblings to the agency represented by the id specified in the REST URL. It will also return the record for the id specified as well.  

The only difference between the result format of the sibling method and the more generic contacts method is that the siblings method does not return the child and parent data elements as part of it’s results.

For example, if you request the sibling agencies for the U.S. Botanic Garden (id 49108), the API will return records for both the U.S. Botanic Garden and the U.S. Capitol Visitor Center, as both of these agencies are part of the Architect of the Capitol.

If you desired the results in JSON format, the API call for this query would look like the following:
http://www.usa.gov/api/USAGovAPI/contacts.json/contact/49108/tree/sibling

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Sample Results For These Methods

For API methods that return a list of directory records, the API will return an array of objects, such as:

The API will return an array of objects, such as:

{
   "Contact":[
      {
         "Id":"52663",
         "URI":"http://www.usa.gov/api/USAGovAPI/contacts.json/contact/52663",
         "Language":"en",
         "Name":"U.S. Access Board",
         "Source_Url":"http://www.usa.gov/directory/federal/us-access-board.shtml",
         "Street1":"1331 F Street, NW",
         "Street2":"Suite 1000",
         "City":"Washington",
         "StateTer":"DC",
         "Zip":"20004-1111",
         "Synonym":[
            "Access Board"
         ],
         "Phone":[
            "202-272-0080"
         ],
         "Tollfree":[
            "800-872-2253"
         ],
         "TTY":[
            "202-272-0082",
            "800-993-2822"
         ],
         "Email":"info@access-board.gov",
         "Contact_Url":[
            {
               "Url":"http://www.access-board.gov/contact.htm",
               "Description":"Contact the U.S. Access Board ",
               "Language":"en"
            },
            {
               "Url":"http://www.access-board.gov/contact.htm#email",
               "Description":"E-mail Directory",
               "Language":"en"
            },
            {
               "Url":"http://www.access-board.gov/contact.htm#Phone",
               "Description":"Phone Directory",
               "Language":"en"
            },
            {
               "Url":"http://www.access-board.gov/enforcement/filing.htm",
               "Description":"File an Accessibility Complaint",
               "Language":"en"
            }
         ],
         "Web_Url":[
            {
               "Url":"http://www.access-board.gov/",
               "Description":"U.S. Access Board ",
               "Language":"en"
            }
         ],
         "In_Person_Url":[
            {
               "Url":"http://www.access-board.gov/contact.htm#Location",
               "Description":"Map and Directions",
               "Language":"en"
            }
         ],
         "Description":"The Access Board is an independent federal agency devoted to accessibility for people with disabilities. The Board develops and maintains design criteria for the built environment, transit vehicles, telecommunications equipment, and for electronic and information technology. ",
         "Alt_Language":[
            {
               "Id":"50175",
               "URI":"http://www.usa.gov/api/USAGovAPI/contacts.json/contact/50175",
               "Name":"Consejo de Acceso de Estados Unidos",
               "Language":"es"
            }
         ]
      },
      {
         "Id":"61787",
         "URI":"http://www.usa.gov/api/USAGovAPI/contacts.json/contact/61787",
         "Language":"en",
         "Name":"Medicaid and CHIP Payment and Access Commission",
         "Source_Url":"http://www.usa.gov/directory/federal/medicaid-chip-payment-access-commission.shtml",
         "Street1":"1800 M Street, NW",
         "Street2":"Suite 350N",
         "City":"Washington",
         "StateTer":"DC",
         "Zip":"20036",
         "Phone":[
            "202-273-2460"
         ],
         "Email":"webmaster@macpac.gov",
         "Web_Url":[
            {
               "Url":"http://www.macpac.gov",
               "Description":"Medicaid and CHIP Payment and Access Commission ",
               "Language":"en"
            }
         ]
      }
   ]
}

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If you set include_descendents to true in the tree or descendants methods, parent agencies will include an array called "Contact" with their child agency records, such as in this snippet:

{
   "Contact":[
      {
         "Id":"49015",
         "URI":"http://www.usa.gov/api/USAGovAPI/contacts.json/contact/49015",
         "Language":"en",
         "Name":"U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA)",
         "Source_Url":"http://www.usa.gov/directory/federal/department-of-agriculture.shtml",
         "Street1":"1400 Independence Ave., S.W.",
         "City":"Washington",
         "StateTer":"DC",
         "Zip":"20250",
         "Synonym":[
            "Agriculture Department",
            "Department of Agriculture"
         ],
         "Phone":[
            "202-720-2791"
         ],
         "Contact_Url":[
            {
               "Url":"http://usda.gov/wps/portal/usda/usdahome?navid=CONTACT_US",
               "Description":"Contact the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) ",
               "Language":"en"
            },
            {
               "Url":"http://www.fns.usda.gov/cnd/Contacts/StateDirectory.htm",
               "Description":"Child Nutrition Programs",
               "Language":"en"
            },
            {
               "Url":"http://www.fns.usda.gov/snap/contact_info/default.htm",
               "Description":"Food Stamps",
               "Language":"en"
            },
            {
               "Url":"http://www.fsis.usda.gov/Food_Safety_Education/USDA_Meat_&_Poultry_Hotline/index.asp",
               "Description":"Meat and Poultry Hotline",
               "Language":"en"
            },
            {
               "Url":"http://offices.sc.egov.usda.gov/employeeDirectory/app",
               "Description":"Employee Directory",
               "Language":"en"
            }
         ],
         "Web_Url":[
            {
               "Url":"http://www.usda.gov/wps/portal/usda/usdahome",
               "Description":"U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) ",
               "Language":"en"
            }
         ],
         "In_Person_Url":[
            {
               "Url":"http://www.rurdev.usda.gov/recd_map.html",
               "Description":"Rural Development Office Locator",
               "Language":"en"
            },
            {
               "Url":"http://apps.ams.usda.gov/FarmersMarkets/",
               "Description":"Farmers Markets Near You",
               "Language":"en"
            },
            {
               "Url":"http://offices.sc.egov.usda.gov/locator/app",
               "Description":"Find a Service Center Near You",
               "Language":"en"
            }
         ],
         "Description":"The Department of Agriculture provides leadership on food, agriculture, natural resources, and related issues.",
         "Alt_Language":[
            {
               "Id":"50072",
               "URI":"http://www.usa.gov/api/USAGovAPI/contacts.json/contact/50072",
               "Name":"Departamento de Agricultura",
               "Language":"es"
            }
         ],
         "Contact":[
            {
               "Id":"48012",
               "URI":"http://www.usa.gov/api/USAGovAPI/contacts.json/contact/48012",
               "Language":"en",
               "Name":"Center for Nutrition Policy and Promotion (CNPP)",
               "Source_Url":"http://www.usa.gov/directory/federal/center-for-nutrition-policy-and-promotion.shtml",
               "Street1":"3101 Park Center Dr., 10th Floor",
               "City":"Alexandria",
               "StateTer":"VA",
               "Zip":"22302-1594",
               "Phone":[
                  "703-305-7600"
               ],
               "Contact_Url":[
                  {
                     "Url":"http://www.cnpp.usda.gov/contacts.htm",
                     "Description":"Contact the Center for Nutrition Policy and Promotion (CNPP) ",
                     "Language":"en"
                  }
               ],
               "Web_Url":[
                  {
                     "Url":"http://www.cnpp.usda.gov/",
                     "Description":"Center for Nutrition Policy and Promotion (CNPP) ",
                     "Language":"en"
                  },
                  {
                     "Url":"http://www.choosemyplate.gov/",
                     "Description":"",
                     "Language":"en"
                  }
               ],
               "Description":"The USDA Center for Nutrition Policy and Promotion (CNPP) works to improve the health and well-being of Americans by developing and promoting dietary guidance that links scientific research to the nutrition needs of consumers."
            }
         ]
      }
   ]
}

For a complete list of fields returned in the json, see the data model description above. Please note that any field that contains more than one item in it (such as synonyms), is returned as an array and noted in the data model description.

We encourage you to try out the interactive documentation to learn more.

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API Methods That Return Agency Records in a Tree Form

These methods return agency records in a hierarchical data structure. In this way, you do not have to manually recreate the hierarchy yourself using the contacts method.

/contact/{identifier}/tree/parent

The parent method returns the record of the parent agency specified in the REST URL and will continue up the agency hierarchy until the root agency is returned. Additionally, the record for the id specified will also be returned.

For example, if you request the parent tree for the Administration for Native Americans (agency id 49064) , the API will return a tree structure whose head is the U.S.  Department of Health and Human Services, with a child record for the Administration for Children and Families, which will then have a child record for the Administration of Native Americans.

With JSON-formatted results, this call would be made with this URL:  http://www.usa.gov/api/USAGovAPI/contacts.json/contact/49064/tree/parent

Likewise, if you request the parent tree for the Administration for Children and Families (agency id 47994), the API will return a tree structure whose head is the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, with a child record for the Administration for Children and Families.  However, the structure will end at that point instead of continuing down the agency hierarchy.

With JSON-formatted results, this call would be made with this URL:  http://www.usa.gov/api/USAGovAPI/contacts.json/contact/47994/tree/parent

/contact/{identifier}/tree/descendant

The descendant method will return a tree with the agency specified in the REST URL at it’s head. It will include all of the agency's sub-agencies as children. The tree will then continue in this fashion until the agencies with no children are returned.

For example, if you request the descendant tree of the Administration for Children and Families (agency id 47994), the API will return a tree structure with the record for the Administration for Children and Families at it’s head. There would then be child record for the Administration of Native Americans, since that agency is a subagency of the Administration for Children and Families.

With JSON-formatted results, this call would be made with this URL: http://www.usa.gov/api/USAGovAPI/contacts.json/contact/47994/tree/descendant

Likewise, if you request the descendant tree of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (agency id 49021), the API will return a tree structure with the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services record at it’s head, and have 15 child records for each of the sub-agencies.  The tree will continue in this manner until the entire U.S. Department of Health and Human Services hierarchy of agencies is exposed.

With JSON-formatted results, this call would be made with this URL: http://www.usa.gov/api/USAGovAPI/contacts.json/contact/49021/tree/descendant

/contact/{identifier}/tree/branch

The branch method returns a tree that is the combination of the trees returned by the parent method and the descendant method for the id specified in the REST URL. With this one method, the API will return every parent and every descendant of a particular agency.

/contact/{identifier}

The contact/{identifier} method will return the single directory record represented by the id specified in the REST URL. There are no children records returned when using this method.

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Sample Results For These Methods

For API methods that return a tree of directory records, the API will return an array of objects, such as:

{
  "Id": "49021",
  "URI": "http://www.usa.gov/api/USAGovAPI/contacts.json/contact/49021",
  "Language": "en",
  "Name": "U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (HHS)",
  "Source_Url": "http://www.usa.gov/directory/federal/department-of-health-and-human-services.shtml",
  "Street1": "200 Independence Avenue, S.W.",
  "City": "Washington",
  "StateTer": "DC",
  "Zip": "20201",
  "Synonym": [
    "Health and Human Services Department",
    "Department of Health and Human Services"
  ],
  "Contact_Url": [
    {
      "Url": "http://www.hhs.gov/contactus.html",
      "Description": "Contact the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) ",
      "Language": "en"
    },
    {
      "Url": "http://www.acf.hhs.gov/acf_contact_us.html#state",
      "Description": "Child Support",
      "Language": "en"
    },
    {
      "Url": "http://www.acf.hhs.gov/programs/ofa/help",
      "Description": "Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (Welfare)",
      "Language": "en"
    },
    {
      "Url": "http://www.medicare.gov/ContactUs.asp",
      "Description": "Medicare",
      "Language": "en"
    },
    {
      "Url": "http://www.acf.hhs.gov/programs/ocs/liheap/about/contact_us.html",
      "Description": "Low Income Home Energy Assistance Program (LIHEAP)",
      "Language": "en"
    },
    {
      "Url": "https://cfo.gov/cfo-members/",
      "Description": "Employee Directory",
      "Language": "en"
    }
  ],
  "Web_Url": [
    {
      "Url": "http://www.hhs.gov/",
      "Description": "U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) ",
      "Language": "en"
    }
  ],
  "In_Person_Url": [
    {
      "Url": "http://eclkc.ohs.acf.hhs.gov/hslc/HeadStartOffices",
      "Description": "Head Start Program Locator",
      "Language": "en"
    }
  ],
  "Description": "The Department of Health and Human Services protects the health of all Americans and provides essential human services.",
  "Alt_Language": [
    {
      "Id": "50081",
      "URI": "http://www.usa.gov/api/USAGovAPI/contacts.json/contact/50081",
      "Name": "Departamento de Salud y Servicios Sociales – HHS",
      "Language": "es"
    }
  ],
  "Contact": [
    {
      "Id": "47994",
      "URI": "http://www.usa.gov/api/USAGovAPI/contacts.json/contact/47994",
      "Language": "en",
      "Name": "Administration for Children and Families (ACF)",
      "Source_Url": "http://www.usa.gov/directory/federal/administration-for-children--families.shtml",
      "Street1": "370 L'nfant Promenade, SW",
      "City": "Washington",
      "StateTer": "DC",
      "Zip": "20447",
      "Tollfree": [
        "1-888-289-8442 (Fraud Alert Hotline)"
      ],
      "Contact_Url": [
        {
          "Url": "http://www.acf.hhs.gov/programs/ana/about",
          "Description": "Contact the Administration for Children and Families (ACF) ",
          "Language": "en"
        },
        {
          "Url": "https://cfo.gov/cfo-members/",
          "Description": "Employee Directory",
          "Language": "en"
        },
        {
          "Url": "http://www.acf.hhs.gov/acf_contact_us.html#state",
          "Description": "Child Support",
          "Language": "en"
        },
        {
          "Url": "http://www.acf.hhs.gov/programs/ofa/help",
          "Description": "Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (Welfare)",
          "Language": "en"
        },
        {
          "Url": "http://www.childwelfare.gov/pubs/reslist/rl_dsp.cfm?rs_id=5&rate_chno=11-11172",
          "Description": "Report Child Abuse and Neglect",
          "Language": "en"
        },
        {
          "Url": "http://www.acf.hhs.gov/programs/ocs/liheap/about/contact_us.html",
          "Description": "Low Income Home Energy Assistance Program (LIHEAP)",
          "Language": "en"
        }
      ],
      "Web_Url": [
        {
          "Url": "http://www.acf.hhs.gov/",
          "Description": "Administration for Children and Families (ACF) ",
          "Language": "en"
        }
      ],
      "In_Person_Url": [
        {
          "Url": "http://eclkc.ohs.acf.hhs.gov/hslc/HeadStartOffices",
          "Description": "Head Start Program Locator",
          "Language": "en"
        },
        {
          "Url": "http://www.acf.hhs.gov/programs/cse/extinf.html",
          "Description": "Child Support Enforcement in Your State",
          "Language": "en"
        }
      ],
      "Description": "The ACF funds state, territory, local, and tribal organizations to provide family assistance (welfare), child support, child care, Head Start, child welfare, and other programs relating to children and families.",
      "Alt_Language": [
        {
          "Id": "50101",
          "URI": "http://www.usa.gov/api/USAGovAPI/contacts.json/contact/50101",
          "Name": "Administración de Asuntos de Niños y Familias",
          "Language": "es"
        }
      ],
      "Contact": [
        {
          "Id": "49064",
          "URI": "http://www.usa.gov/api/USAGovAPI/contacts.json/contact/49064",
          "Language": "en",
          "Name": "Administration for Native Americans",
          "Source_Url": "http://www.usa.gov/directory/federal/administration-for-native-americans.shtml",
          "Street1": "2nd Floor, West Aerospace Center",
          "Street2": "370 L'Enfant Promenade, SW",
          "City": "Washington",
          "StateTer": "DC",
          "Zip": "20447-0002",
          "Tollfree": [
            "877-922-9262"
          ],
          "Email": "anacomments@acf.hhs.gov",
          "Contact_Url": [
            {
              "Url": "http://www.acf.hhs.gov/programs/ana/about",
              "Description": "Contact the Administration for Native Americans ",
              "Language": "en"
            }
          ],
          "Web_Url": [
            {
              "Url": "http://www.acf.hhs.gov/programs/ana/",
              "Description": "Administration for Native Americans ",
              "Language": "en"
            }
          ],
          "Description": "The Administration for Native Americans promotes self-sufficiency and cultural preservation for Native Americans by providing social and economic development opportunities through financial assistance, training, and technical assistance.",
          "Alt_Language": [
            {
              "Id": "50125",
              "URI": "http://www.usa.gov/api/USAGovAPI/contacts.json/contact/50125",
              "Name": "Oficina de Asuntos Nativo Americanos",
              "Language": "es"
            }
          ]
        }
      ]
    }
  ]
}

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The How To File Taxes For Free

How to file taxes for free 7. How to file taxes for free   Excess Contributions Table of Contents How Do I Know If I Have Excess Contributions? What Happens If I Have Excess Contributions?Excess Annual Addition Excess Elective Deferral If your actual contributions are greater than your MAC, you have an excess contribution. How to file taxes for free Excess contributions can result in income tax, additional taxes, and penalties. How to file taxes for free The effect of excess contributions depends on the type of excess contribution. How to file taxes for free This chapter discusses excess contributions to your 403(b) account. How to file taxes for free How Do I Know If I Have Excess Contributions? At the end of the year or the beginning of the next year, you should refigure your MAC based on your actual compensation and actual contributions made to your account. How to file taxes for free If the actual contributions to your account are greater than your MAC, you have excess contributions. How to file taxes for free If, at any time during the year, your employment status or your compensation changes, you should refigure your MAC using a revised estimate of compensation to prevent excess contributions. How to file taxes for free What Happens If I Have Excess Contributions? Certain excess contributions in a 403(b) account can be corrected. How to file taxes for free The effect of an excess 403(b) contribution will depend on the type of excess contribution. How to file taxes for free Types of excess contributions. How to file taxes for free   If, after checking your actual contributions, you determine that you have an excess, the first thing is to identify the type of excess that you have. How to file taxes for free Excess contributions to a 403(b) account are categorized as either an: Excess annual addition, or Excess elective deferral. How to file taxes for free Excess Annual Addition An excess annual addition is a contribution that is more than your limit on annual additions. How to file taxes for free To determine your limit on annual additions, see chapter 3 (chapter 5 for ministers or church employees). How to file taxes for free In the year that your contributions are more than your limit on annual additions, the excess amount will be included in your income. How to file taxes for free Excise Tax If your 403(b) account invests in mutual funds, and you exceed your limit on annual additions, you may be subject to a 6% excise tax on the excess contribution. How to file taxes for free The excise tax does not apply to funds in an annuity account or to excess deferrals. How to file taxes for free You must pay the excise tax each year in which there are excess contributions in your account. How to file taxes for free Excess contributions can be corrected by contributing less than the applicable limit in later years or by making permissible distributions. How to file taxes for free See chapter 8 for a discussion on permissible distributions. How to file taxes for free You cannot deduct the excise tax. How to file taxes for free Reporting requirement. How to file taxes for free   You must file Form 5330 if there has been an excess contribution to a custodial account and that excess has not been corrected. How to file taxes for free Excess Elective Deferral An excess elective deferral is the amount that is more than your limit on elective deferrals. How to file taxes for free To determine your limit on elective deferrals, see chapter 4. How to file taxes for free Your employer's 403(b) plan may contain language permitting it to distribute excess deferrals. How to file taxes for free If so, it may require that in order to get a distribution of excess deferrals, you either notify the plan of the amount of excess deferrals or designate a distribution as an excess deferral. How to file taxes for free The plan may require that the notification or designation be in writing and may require that you certify or otherwise establish that the designated amount is an excess deferral. How to file taxes for free A plan is not required to permit distribution of excess deferrals. How to file taxes for free Correction of excess deferrals during year. How to file taxes for free   If you have excess deferrals for a year, a corrective distribution may be made only if both of the following conditions are satisfied. How to file taxes for free The plan and either you or your employer designate the distribution as an excess deferral to the extent you have excess deferrals for the year. How to file taxes for free The correcting distribution is made after the date on which the excess deferral was made. How to file taxes for free Correction of excess deferrals after the year. How to file taxes for free   If you have excess deferrals for a year, you may receive a correcting distribution of the excess deferral no later than April 15 of the following year. How to file taxes for free The plan can distribute the excess deferral (and any income allocable to the excess) no later than April 15 of the year following the year the excess deferral was made. How to file taxes for free Tax treatment of excess deferrals not attributable to Roth contributions. How to file taxes for free   If the excess deferral is distributed by April 15, it is included in your income in the year contributed and the earnings on the excess deferral will be taxed in the year distributed. How to file taxes for free Tax treatment of excess deferrals attributable to Roth contributions. How to file taxes for free   For these rules, see Regulations section 1. How to file taxes for free 402(g)-1(e). How to file taxes for free Prev  Up  Next   Home   More Online Publications