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Irs Form 1040 Ez Instructions

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Irs Form 1040 Ez Instructions

Irs form 1040 ez instructions Part Two -   Ingresos Los ocho capítulos de esta sección abordan distintos tipos de ingresos. Irs form 1040 ez instructions Explican cuáles ingresos están y cuáles no están sujetos a impuestos. Irs form 1040 ez instructions Vea la Parte Tres para información sobre ganancias y pérdidas que se declaran en el Formulario 8949 y el Anexo D (Formulario 1040) y para información que debe saber al vender su vivienda. Irs form 1040 ez instructions Table of Contents 5. Irs form 1040 ez instructions   Salarios, Sueldos y Otros IngresosRecordatorio Introduction Useful Items - You may want to see: Remuneración del EmpleadoNiñeras. Irs form 1040 ez instructions Otras Clases de Remuneración Beneficios Marginales Aportaciones a un Plan de Jubilación Opciones de Compra de Acciones Bienes Restringidos Reglas Especiales para Algunos EmpleadosClero Miembros de Órdenes Religiosas Empleador Extranjero Fuerzas Armadas Voluntarios Beneficios por Enfermedad y LesionesPensiones por Incapacidad Contratos de Seguro de Cuidados a Largo Plazo Compensación del Seguro Obrero Otros Beneficios por Enfermedad y Lesiones 6. Irs form 1040 ez instructions   Ingresos de PropinasIntroduction Useful Items - You may want to see: Cómo Mantener un Registro Diario de PropinasRegistro electrónico de propinas. Irs form 1040 ez instructions Cómo Declarar las Propinas a su EmpleadorInforme electrónico de propinas. Irs form 1040 ez instructions Declaración final. Irs form 1040 ez instructions Cómo se Declaran las Propinas en la Declaración de Impuestos Asignación de Propinas 7. Irs form 1040 ez instructions   Ingresos de InteresesRecordatorio Introduction Useful Items - You may want to see: Información General SSN para una cuenta conjunta. Irs form 1040 ez instructions Cuenta de custodia para su hijo. Irs form 1040 ez instructions Multa por no facilitar un SSN. Irs form 1040 ez instructions Cómo se declara la retención adicional. Irs form 1040 ez instructions Cuenta de ahorros con uno de los padres como fideicomisario. Irs form 1040 ez instructions Intereses que no se declaran en el Formulario 1099-INT. Irs form 1040 ez instructions Nominatarios. Irs form 1040 ez instructions Cantidad incorrecta. Irs form 1040 ez instructions Requisito de declarar ciertos datos. Irs form 1040 ez instructions Intereses Sujetos a ImpuestosIntereses sujetos a la multa por retiro prematuro de fondos. Irs form 1040 ez instructions Préstamo para invertir en un certificado de depósito. Irs form 1040 ez instructions Bonos de Ahorro de los Estados Unidos Programa de Bonos de Ahorro para Estudios Letras, Pagarés y Bonos del Tesoro de los Estados Unidos Bonos que se Venden Entre las Fechas de Pago de los Intereses Seguros Obligaciones del Gobierno Estatal o Local Descuento de la Emisión Original (OID) Cuándo Se Deben Declarar los Ingresos de InteresesRecibo implícito. Irs form 1040 ez instructions Cómo se Declaran los Ingresos de InteresesAnexo B (Formulario 1040A o Formulario 1040). Irs form 1040 ez instructions Cómo declarar los intereses exentos de impuesto. Irs form 1040 ez instructions Intereses de bonos de ahorro de los EE. Irs form 1040 ez instructions UU. Irs form 1040 ez instructions declarados anteriormente. Irs form 1040 ez instructions 8. Irs form 1040 ez instructions   Dividendos y Otras DistribucionesRecordatorio Introduction Useful Items - You may want to see: Información GeneralDividendos no declarados en el Formulario 1099-DIV. Irs form 1040 ez instructions Cómo se le informa del impuesto retenido. Irs form 1040 ez instructions Nominatarios. Irs form 1040 ez instructions Dividendos OrdinariosDividendos Calificados Dividendos Utilizados para la Compra de más Acciones Fondos de Inversión del Mercado Monetario Distribuciones de Ganancias de CapitalAjuste a la base. Irs form 1040 ez instructions Distribuciones que no son DividendosDistribuciones de Liquidación Distribuciones de Acciones y Derechos a Acciones Otras DistribucionesRequisito de declarar ciertos datos. Irs form 1040 ez instructions Tratamiento del impuesto mínimo alternativo. Irs form 1040 ez instructions Cómo Declarar el Ingreso de DividendosDeducción de los intereses de inversiones. Irs form 1040 ez instructions 9. Irs form 1040 ez instructions   Ingresos y Gastos de AlquilerIntroduction Useful Items - You may want to see: Ingresos de Alquiler Gastos de AlquilerDesocupada mientras está en venta. Irs form 1040 ez instructions Reparaciones y Mejoras Otros Gastos Propiedad que Pasa a Ser de Alquiler Alquiler de Parte de una Propiedad Alquiler sin Fines de Lucro Uso Personal de una Unidad Habitable (Incluyendo una Casa de Vacaciones)Cómo Dividir los Gastos Unidad Habitable Usada como Vivienda Cómo Declarar Ingresos y Deducciones DepreciaciónCambio de método contable para deducir depreciación no declarada. Irs form 1040 ez instructions Límites sobre las Pérdidas de AlquilerReglas sobre el Monto de Riesgo Límites sobre las Actividades Pasivas Cómo Declarar Ingresos y Gastos de AlquilerAnexo E (Formulario 1040) 10. Irs form 1040 ez instructions   Planes de Jubilación, Pensiones y AnualidadesQué Hay de Nuevo Recordatorio IntroductionLa Regla General. Irs form 1040 ez instructions Arreglos de ahorros para la jubilación (IRA, por sus siglas en inglés). Irs form 1040 ez instructions Beneficios de la jubilación del gobierno federal. Irs form 1040 ez instructions Useful Items - You may want to see: Información GeneralReinversiones en arreglos de ahorros para la jubilación designados Roth IRA dentro del mismo plan. Irs form 1040 ez instructions Cómo Hacer la Declaración Costo (Inversión en el Contrato) Tributación de Pagos PeriódicosExclusión limitada al costo. Irs form 1040 ez instructions Exclusión no limitada al costo. Irs form 1040 ez instructions Método Simplificado Tributación de Pagos no PeriódicosDistribuciones de Suma Global ReinversionesReinversiones en arreglos de ahorros para la jubilación designados Roth IRA dentro del mismo plan. Irs form 1040 ez instructions Impuestos Adicionales EspecialesImpuesto sobre Distribuciones Prematuras Impuestos sobre Acumulación en Exceso Sobrevivientes y Beneficiarios 11. Irs form 1040 ez instructions   Beneficios del Seguro Social y Beneficios Equivalentes de la Jubilación para Empleados FerroviariosIntroduction Useful Items - You may want to see: ¿Está Sujeta a Impuestos Alguna Parte de los Beneficios? Cómo Declarar los Beneficios¿Cuánto Está Sujeto a Impuestos? Ejemplos Deducciones Relacionadas con los BeneficiosReintegros Superiores a los Beneficios Brutos 12. Irs form 1040 ez instructions   Otros IngresosIntroduction Useful Items - You may want to see: Trueque Deudas CanceladasIntereses incluidos en una deuda cancelada. Irs form 1040 ez instructions Excepciones Anfitrión o Anfitriona Ganancias de un Seguro de VidaCónyuge sobreviviente. Irs form 1040 ez instructions Ganancias de un Contrato de Dotación Beneficios Acelerados por Fallecimiento Funcionario de Seguridad Pública Fallecido en el Cumplimiento del Deber Ingresos de Sociedades Colectivas Ingresos de Sociedad Anónima de Tipo S Recuperación de FondosRecuperaciones de Deducciones Detalladas Alquileres de Bienes Muebles ReintegrosMétodo 1. Irs form 1040 ez instructions Método 2. Irs form 1040 ez instructions RegalíasAgotamiento. Irs form 1040 ez instructions Carbón y mineral de hierro. Irs form 1040 ez instructions Venta de participación de bienes. Irs form 1040 ez instructions Parte de una futura producción vendida. Irs form 1040 ez instructions Beneficios por DesempleoTipos de compensación por desempleo. Irs form 1040 ez instructions Programa gubernamental. Irs form 1040 ez instructions Reintegro de compensación por desempleo. Irs form 1040 ez instructions Retención de impuestos. Irs form 1040 ez instructions Reintegro de beneficios. Irs form 1040 ez instructions Beneficios del Bienestar Social y Otros Beneficios de Asistencia Pública Otros IngresosAngustia emocional. Irs form 1040 ez instructions Deducción por costos relativos a una demanda por discriminación ilegal. Irs form 1040 ez instructions Medidas de ahorro de energía. Irs form 1040 ez instructions Unidad habitable. Irs form 1040 ez instructions Ingreso actual que se requiere distribuir. Irs form 1040 ez instructions Ingreso actual que no se requiere distribuir. Irs form 1040 ez instructions Cómo hacer la declaración. Irs form 1040 ez instructions Pérdidas. Irs form 1040 ez instructions Fideicomiso de un cesionario. Irs form 1040 ez instructions Remuneración para personas que no son empleados. Irs form 1040 ez instructions Director de una sociedad anónima. Irs form 1040 ez instructions Representante personal. Irs form 1040 ez instructions Administrador de una ocupación o negocio de patrimonio en quiebra. Irs form 1040 ez instructions Notario público. Irs form 1040 ez instructions Funcionario de distrito electoral. Irs form 1040 ez instructions Pagos por complejidad del cuidado. Irs form 1040 ez instructions Mantenimiento del espacio en el hogar. Irs form 1040 ez instructions Declaración de pagos sujetos a impuestos. Irs form 1040 ez instructions Loterías y rifas. Irs form 1040 ez instructions Formulario W-2G. Irs form 1040 ez instructions Cómo declarar ganancias de juegos y apuestas y mantenimiento de documentación. Irs form 1040 ez instructions Pensión o arreglo IRA heredado. Irs form 1040 ez instructions Recompensas o bonificaciones para empleados. Irs form 1040 ez instructions Premio Pulitzer, Premio Nobel y premios similares. Irs form 1040 ez instructions Pago por servicios. Irs form 1040 ez instructions Pagos del Departamento de Asuntos de Veteranos (VA). Irs form 1040 ez instructions Premios. Irs form 1040 ez instructions Indemnización por huelga y cierre patronal. Irs form 1040 ez instructions Prev  Up  Next   Home   More Online Publications
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Utilities

In many states, consumers can choose their telephone and energy service provider. Contact your state utility commission to find out whether you have a choice. Some commissions will provide a list of service providers and advice on making a choice, and most state utility commissions will take any complaints you have concerning utility sales and service.

Starting Utility Service

When you move into a new home or apartment, you may also be required to have the utilities (electricity, gas, water, waste removal, and cable) turned on in your name. Your city or county government may handle some services, such as water, sewer, and garbage collection. If you live in an apartment or are leasing a house from a homeowner, the landlord may handle this for you, but that is not required. If you request service, provide as much advance notice to the utility company as you can, at least one week in advance of the date you need service to start. Also, if you are relocating, don’t forget to have service turned off at your old address. Each company may require you to pay a fee to start service. You may also be required to pay a deposit or allow the company to check your credit to establish service at your home. If any of these companies fails to meet its service requirements, file a complaint with the company; you may be able to get a refund of your installation fee. If that doesn’t work, contact your state’s utility commission.

Billing

Once you have established service, you should start receiving your bills at regular intervals, normally monthly or quarterly. Utility bills are based on the amount of energy or water you actually use. However, if you live in an apartment complex, the amount you pay for some utilities may be prorated or split, based on a mathematical formula, among all of the residents in your community, no matter how energy conscious you are. If the amount of energy varies by season, you may decide to sign up for a budget billing program. These programs allow you to smooth out your monthly payments by paying more in lighter-use months, so your bills are still manageable in months with heavier use. Contact your utility companies to sign up for these programs. To learn ways to save on your energy bill, check with Environmental Protection Agency.
In addition to your actual service, you may have other fees on your bill, such as administrative fees, public surcharges, or local taxes. Contact the service provider if you see charges you don’t understand or didn’t authorize, or if you have difficulty making timely payments.
If you have difficulty paying your bills, especially for electricity or gas, help is available. Contact the company to find out if it has a program in place to help consumers. Also, your state’s utility commission may sponsor a program to either reduce your bill or make your payments based on a set amount of your income each month. Programs like these from utility companies and local government are usually based on your income.

The Irs Form 1040 Ez Instructions

Irs form 1040 ez instructions 3. Irs form 1040 ez instructions   Personal Exemptions and Dependents Table of Contents What's New Introduction Useful Items - You may want to see: ExemptionsPersonal Exemptions Exemptions for Dependents Qualifying Child Qualifying Relative Phaseout of Exemptions Social Security Numbers for DependentsBorn and died in 2013. Irs form 1040 ez instructions Taxpayer identification numbers for aliens. Irs form 1040 ez instructions Taxpayer identification numbers for adoptees. Irs form 1040 ez instructions What's New Exemption amount. Irs form 1040 ez instructions  The amount you can deduct for each exemption has increased. Irs form 1040 ez instructions It was $3,800 for 2012. Irs form 1040 ez instructions It is $3,900 for 2013. Irs form 1040 ez instructions Exemption phaseout. Irs form 1040 ez instructions  You lose at least part of the benefit of your exemptions if your adjusted gross income is more than a certain amount. Irs form 1040 ez instructions For 2013, this amount is $150,000 for a married individual filing a separate return; $250,000 for a single individual; $275,000 for a head of household; and $300,000 for married individuals filing jointly or a qualifying widow(er). Irs form 1040 ez instructions See Phaseout of Exemptions , later. Irs form 1040 ez instructions Introduction This chapter discusses the following topics. Irs form 1040 ez instructions Personal exemptions — You generally can take one for yourself and, if you are married, one for your spouse. Irs form 1040 ez instructions Exemptions for dependents — You generally can take an exemption for each of your dependents. Irs form 1040 ez instructions A dependent is your qualifying child or qualifying relative. Irs form 1040 ez instructions If you are entitled to claim an exemption for a dependent, that dependent cannot claim a personal exemption on his or her own tax return. Irs form 1040 ez instructions Phaseout of exemptions — Your deduction is reduced if your adjusted gross income is more than a certain amount. Irs form 1040 ez instructions Social security number (SSN) requirement for dependents — You must list the SSN of any dependent for whom you claim an exemption. Irs form 1040 ez instructions Deduction. Irs form 1040 ez instructions   Exemptions reduce your taxable income. Irs form 1040 ez instructions You can deduct $3,900 for each exemption you claim in 2013. Irs form 1040 ez instructions But you may lose at least part of the dollar amount of your exemptions if your adjusted gross income is more than a certain amount. Irs form 1040 ez instructions See Phaseout of Exemptions , later. Irs form 1040 ez instructions How to claim exemptions. Irs form 1040 ez instructions    How you claim an exemption on your tax return depends on which form you file. Irs form 1040 ez instructions    If you file Form 1040EZ, the exemption amount is combined with the standard deduction amount and entered on line 5. Irs form 1040 ez instructions    If you file Form 1040A, complete lines 6a through 6d. Irs form 1040 ez instructions The total number of exemptions you can claim is the total in the box on line 6d. Irs form 1040 ez instructions Also complete line 26. Irs form 1040 ez instructions   If you file Form 1040, complete lines 6a through 6d. Irs form 1040 ez instructions The total number of exemptions you can claim is the total in the box on line 6d. Irs form 1040 ez instructions Also complete line 42. Irs form 1040 ez instructions Useful Items - You may want to see: Publication 501 Exemptions, Standard Deduction, and Filing Information Form (and Instructions) 2120 Multiple Support Declaration 8332 Release/Revocation of Release of Claim to Exemption for Child by Custodial Parent Exemptions There are two types of exemptions you may be able to take: Personal exemptions for yourself and your spouse, and Exemptions for dependents (dependency exemptions). Irs form 1040 ez instructions While each is worth the same amount ($3,900 for 2013), different rules apply to each type. Irs form 1040 ez instructions Personal Exemptions You are generally allowed one exemption for yourself. Irs form 1040 ez instructions If you are married, you may be allowed one exemption for your spouse. Irs form 1040 ez instructions These are called personal exemptions. Irs form 1040 ez instructions Your Own Exemption You can take one exemption for yourself unless you can be claimed as a dependent by another taxpayer. Irs form 1040 ez instructions If another taxpayer is entitled to claim you as a dependent, you cannot take an exemption for yourself even if the other taxpayer does not actually claim you as a dependent. Irs form 1040 ez instructions Your Spouse's Exemption Your spouse is never considered your dependent. Irs form 1040 ez instructions Joint return. Irs form 1040 ez instructions   On a joint return you can claim one exemption for yourself and one for your spouse. Irs form 1040 ez instructions Separate return. Irs form 1040 ez instructions   If you file a separate return, you can claim an exemption for your spouse only if your spouse had no gross income, is not filing a return, and was not the dependent of another taxpayer. Irs form 1040 ez instructions This is true even if the other taxpayer does not actually claim your spouse as a dependent. Irs form 1040 ez instructions You can claim an exemption for your spouse even if he or she is a nonresident alien; in that case, your spouse must have no gross income for U. Irs form 1040 ez instructions S. Irs form 1040 ez instructions tax purposes, must not be filing a return, and must not be the dependent of another taxpayer. Irs form 1040 ez instructions Death of spouse. Irs form 1040 ez instructions   If your spouse died during the year and you file a joint return for yourself and your deceased spouse, you generally can claim your spouse's exemption under the rules just explained in Joint return . Irs form 1040 ez instructions If you file a separate return for the year, you may be able to claim your spouse's exemption under the rules just described in Separate return . Irs form 1040 ez instructions   If you remarried during the year, you cannot take an exemption for your deceased spouse. Irs form 1040 ez instructions   If you are a surviving spouse without gross income and you remarry in the year your spouse died, you can be claimed as an exemption on both the final separate return of your deceased spouse and the separate return of your new spouse for that year. Irs form 1040 ez instructions If you file a joint return with your new spouse, you can be claimed as an exemption only on that return. Irs form 1040 ez instructions Divorced or separated spouse. Irs form 1040 ez instructions   If you obtained a final decree of divorce or separate maintenance during the year, you cannot take your former spouse's exemption. Irs form 1040 ez instructions This rule applies even if you provided all of your former spouse's support. Irs form 1040 ez instructions Exemptions for Dependents You are allowed one exemption for each person you can claim as a dependent. Irs form 1040 ez instructions You can claim an exemption for a dependent even if your dependent files a return. Irs form 1040 ez instructions The term “dependent” means: A qualifying child, or A qualifying relative. Irs form 1040 ez instructions The terms “ qualifying child ” and “ qualifying relative ” are defined later. Irs form 1040 ez instructions You can claim an exemption for a qualifying child or qualifying relative only if these three tests are met. Irs form 1040 ez instructions Dependent taxpayer test. Irs form 1040 ez instructions Joint return test. Irs form 1040 ez instructions Citizen or resident test. Irs form 1040 ez instructions These three tests are explained in detail later. Irs form 1040 ez instructions All the requirements for claiming an exemption for a dependent are summarized in Table 3-1. Irs form 1040 ez instructions Table 3-1. Irs form 1040 ez instructions Overview of the Rules for Claiming an Exemption for a Dependent Caution. Irs form 1040 ez instructions This table is only an overview of the rules. Irs form 1040 ez instructions For details, see the rest of this chapter. Irs form 1040 ez instructions You cannot claim any dependents if you (or your spouse, if filing jointly) could be claimed as a dependent by another taxpayer. Irs form 1040 ez instructions   You cannot claim a married person who files a joint return as a dependent unless that joint return is filed only to claim a refund of withheld income tax or estimated tax paid. Irs form 1040 ez instructions   You cannot claim a person as a dependent unless that person is a U. Irs form 1040 ez instructions S. Irs form 1040 ez instructions citizen, U. Irs form 1040 ez instructions S. Irs form 1040 ez instructions resident alien, U. Irs form 1040 ez instructions S. Irs form 1040 ez instructions national, or a resident of Canada or Mexico. Irs form 1040 ez instructions 1  You cannot claim a person as a dependent unless that person is your qualifying child or qualifying relative. Irs form 1040 ez instructions   Tests To Be a Qualifying Child   Tests To Be a Qualifying Relative The child must be your son, daughter, stepchild, foster child, brother, sister, half brother, half sister, stepbrother, stepsister, or a descendant of any of them. Irs form 1040 ez instructions   The child must be (a) under age 19 at the end of the year and younger than you (or your spouse, if filing jointly), (b) under age 24 at the end of the year, a student, and younger than you (or your spouse, if filing jointly), or (c) any age if permanently and totally disabled. Irs form 1040 ez instructions   The child must have lived with you for more than half of the year. Irs form 1040 ez instructions 2  The child must not have provided more than half of his or her own support for the year. Irs form 1040 ez instructions   The child is not filing a joint return for the year (unless that return is filed only to get a refund of income tax withheld or estimated tax paid). Irs form 1040 ez instructions  If the child meets the rules to be a qualifying child of more than one person, only one person can actually treat the child as a qualifying child. Irs form 1040 ez instructions See the Special Rule for Qualifying Child of More Than One Person to find out which person is the person entitled to claim the child as a qualifying child. Irs form 1040 ez instructions   The person cannot be your qualifying child or the qualifying child of any other taxpayer. Irs form 1040 ez instructions   The person either (a) must be related to you in one of the ways listed under Relatives who do not have to live with you , or (b) must live with you all year as a member of your household2 (and your relationship must not violate local law). Irs form 1040 ez instructions   The person's gross income for the year must be less than $3,900. Irs form 1040 ez instructions 3  You must provide more than half of the person's total support for the year. Irs form 1040 ez instructions 4  1There is an exception for certain adopted children. Irs form 1040 ez instructions 2There are exceptions for temporary absences, children who were born or died during the year, children of divorced or separated parents (or parents who live apart), and kidnapped children. Irs form 1040 ez instructions 3There is an exception if the person is disabled and has income from a sheltered workshop. Irs form 1040 ez instructions 4There are exceptions for multiple support agreements, children of divorced or separated parents (or parents who live apart), and kidnapped children. Irs form 1040 ez instructions Dependent not allowed a personal exemption. Irs form 1040 ez instructions If you can claim an exemption for your dependent, the dependent cannot claim his or her own personal exemption on his or her own tax return. Irs form 1040 ez instructions This is true even if you do not claim the dependent's exemption on your return. Irs form 1040 ez instructions It is also true if the dependent's exemption on your return is reduced or eliminated under the phaseout rule described under Phaseout of Exemptions, later. Irs form 1040 ez instructions Housekeepers, maids, or servants. Irs form 1040 ez instructions   If these people work for you, you cannot claim exemptions for them. Irs form 1040 ez instructions Child tax credit. Irs form 1040 ez instructions   You may be entitled to a child tax credit for each qualifying child who was under age 17 at the end of the year if you claimed an exemption for that child. Irs form 1040 ez instructions For more information, see chapter 34. Irs form 1040 ez instructions Dependent Taxpayer Test If you can be claimed as a dependent by another person, you cannot claim anyone else as a dependent. Irs form 1040 ez instructions Even if you have a qualifying child or qualifying relative, you cannot claim that person as a dependent. Irs form 1040 ez instructions If you are filing a joint return and your spouse can be claimed as a dependent by someone else, you and your spouse cannot claim any dependents on your joint return. Irs form 1040 ez instructions Joint Return Test You generally cannot claim a married person as a dependent if he or she files a joint return. Irs form 1040 ez instructions Exception. Irs form 1040 ez instructions   You can claim an exemption for a person who files a joint return if that person and his or her spouse file the joint return only to claim a refund of income tax withheld or estimated tax paid. Irs form 1040 ez instructions Example 1—child files joint return. Irs form 1040 ez instructions You supported your 18-year-old daughter, and she lived with you all year while her husband was in the Armed Forces. Irs form 1040 ez instructions He earned $25,000 for the year. Irs form 1040 ez instructions The couple files a joint return. Irs form 1040 ez instructions You cannot take an exemption for your daughter. Irs form 1040 ez instructions Example 2—child files joint return only as claim for refund of withheld tax. Irs form 1040 ez instructions Your 18-year-old son and his 17-year-old wife had $800 of wages from part-time jobs and no other income. Irs form 1040 ez instructions Neither is required to file a tax return. Irs form 1040 ez instructions They do not have a child. Irs form 1040 ez instructions Taxes were taken out of their pay so they filed a joint return only to get a refund of the withheld taxes. Irs form 1040 ez instructions The exception to the joint return test applies, so you are not disqualified from claiming an exemption for each of them just because they file a joint return. Irs form 1040 ez instructions You can claim exemptions for each of them if all the other tests to do so are met. Irs form 1040 ez instructions Example 3—child files joint return to claim American opportunity credit. Irs form 1040 ez instructions The facts are the same as in Example 2 except no taxes were taken out of your son's pay. Irs form 1040 ez instructions He and his wife are not required to file a tax return. Irs form 1040 ez instructions However, they file a joint return to claim an American opportunity credit of $124 and get a refund of that amount. Irs form 1040 ez instructions Because claiming the American opportunity credit is their reason for filing the return, they are not filing it only to get a refund of income tax withheld or estimated tax paid. Irs form 1040 ez instructions The exception to the joint return test does not apply, so you cannot claim an exemption for either of them. Irs form 1040 ez instructions Citizen or Resident Test You cannot claim a person as a dependent unless that person is a U. Irs form 1040 ez instructions S. Irs form 1040 ez instructions citizen, U. Irs form 1040 ez instructions S. Irs form 1040 ez instructions resident alien, U. Irs form 1040 ez instructions S. Irs form 1040 ez instructions national, or a resident of Canada or Mexico. Irs form 1040 ez instructions However, there is an exception for certain adopted children, as explained next. Irs form 1040 ez instructions Exception for adopted child. Irs form 1040 ez instructions   If you are a U. Irs form 1040 ez instructions S. Irs form 1040 ez instructions citizen or U. Irs form 1040 ez instructions S. Irs form 1040 ez instructions national who has legally adopted a child who is not a U. Irs form 1040 ez instructions S. Irs form 1040 ez instructions citizen, U. Irs form 1040 ez instructions S. Irs form 1040 ez instructions resident alien, or U. Irs form 1040 ez instructions S. Irs form 1040 ez instructions national, this test is met if the child lived with you as a member of your household all year. Irs form 1040 ez instructions This exception also applies if the child was lawfully placed with you for legal adoption. Irs form 1040 ez instructions Child's place of residence. Irs form 1040 ez instructions   Children usually are citizens or residents of the country of their parents. Irs form 1040 ez instructions   If you were a U. Irs form 1040 ez instructions S. Irs form 1040 ez instructions citizen when your child was born, the child may be a U. Irs form 1040 ez instructions S. Irs form 1040 ez instructions citizen and meet this test even if the other parent was a nonresident alien and the child was born in a foreign country. Irs form 1040 ez instructions Foreign students' place of residence. Irs form 1040 ez instructions   Foreign students brought to this country under a qualified international education exchange program and placed in American homes for a temporary period generally are not U. Irs form 1040 ez instructions S. Irs form 1040 ez instructions residents and do not meet this test. Irs form 1040 ez instructions You cannot claim an exemption for them. Irs form 1040 ez instructions However, if you provided a home for a foreign student, you may be able to take a charitable contribution deduction. Irs form 1040 ez instructions See Expenses Paid for Student Living With You in chapter 24. Irs form 1040 ez instructions U. Irs form 1040 ez instructions S. Irs form 1040 ez instructions national. Irs form 1040 ez instructions   A U. Irs form 1040 ez instructions S. Irs form 1040 ez instructions national is an individual who, although not a U. Irs form 1040 ez instructions S. Irs form 1040 ez instructions citizen, owes his or her allegiance to the United States. Irs form 1040 ez instructions U. Irs form 1040 ez instructions S. Irs form 1040 ez instructions nationals include American Samoans and Northern Mariana Islanders who chose to become U. Irs form 1040 ez instructions S. Irs form 1040 ez instructions nationals instead of U. Irs form 1040 ez instructions S. Irs form 1040 ez instructions citizens. Irs form 1040 ez instructions Qualifying Child Five tests must be met for a child to be your qualifying child. Irs form 1040 ez instructions The five tests are: Relationship, Age, Residency, Support, and Joint return. Irs form 1040 ez instructions These tests are explained next. Irs form 1040 ez instructions If a child meets the five tests to be the qualifying child of more than one person, a special rule applies to determine which person can actually treat the child as a qualifying child. Irs form 1040 ez instructions See Special Rule for Qualifying Child of More Than One Person, later. Irs form 1040 ez instructions Relationship Test To meet this test, a child must be: Your son, daughter, stepchild, foster child, or a descendant (for example, your grandchild) of any of them, or Your brother, sister, half brother, half sister, stepbrother, stepsister, or a descendant (for example, your niece or nephew) of any of them. Irs form 1040 ez instructions Adopted child. Irs form 1040 ez instructions   An adopted child is always treated as your own child. Irs form 1040 ez instructions The term “adopted child” includes a child who was lawfully placed with you for legal adoption. Irs form 1040 ez instructions Foster child. Irs form 1040 ez instructions   A foster child is an individual who is placed with you by an authorized placement agency or by judgment, decree, or other order of any court of competent jurisdiction. Irs form 1040 ez instructions Age Test To meet this test, a child must be: Under age 19 at the end of the year and younger than you (or your spouse, if filing jointly), A student under age 24 at the end of the year and younger than you (or your spouse, if filing jointly), or Permanently and totally disabled at any time during the year, regardless of age. Irs form 1040 ez instructions Example. Irs form 1040 ez instructions Your son turned 19 on December 10. Irs form 1040 ez instructions Unless he was permanently and totally disabled or a student, he does not meet the age test because, at the end of the year, he was not under age 19. Irs form 1040 ez instructions Child must be younger than you or spouse. Irs form 1040 ez instructions   To be your qualifying child, a child who is not permanently and totally disabled must be younger than you. Irs form 1040 ez instructions However, if you are married filing jointly, the child must be younger than you or your spouse but does not have to be younger than both of you. Irs form 1040 ez instructions Example 1—child not younger than you or spouse. Irs form 1040 ez instructions Your 23-year-old brother, who is a student and unmarried, lives with you and your spouse. Irs form 1040 ez instructions He is not disabled. Irs form 1040 ez instructions Both you and your spouse are 21 years old, and you file a joint return. Irs form 1040 ez instructions Your brother is not your qualifying child because he is not younger than you or your spouse. Irs form 1040 ez instructions Example 2—child younger than your spouse but not younger than you. Irs form 1040 ez instructions The facts are the same as in Example 1 except your spouse is 25 years old. Irs form 1040 ez instructions Because your brother is younger than your spouse, and you and your spouse are filing a joint return, your brother is your qualifying child, even though he is not younger than you. Irs form 1040 ez instructions Student defined. Irs form 1040 ez instructions   To qualify as a student, your child must be, during some part of each of any 5 calendar months of the year: A full-time student at a school that has a regular teaching staff, course of study, and a regularly enrolled student body at the school, or A student taking a full-time, on-farm training course given by a school described in (1), or by a state, county, or local government agency. Irs form 1040 ez instructions The 5 calendar months do not have to be consecutive. Irs form 1040 ez instructions Full-time student. Irs form 1040 ez instructions   A full-time student is a student who is enrolled for the number of hours or courses the school considers to be full-time attendance. Irs form 1040 ez instructions School defined. Irs form 1040 ez instructions   A school can be an elementary school, junior or senior high school, college, university, or technical, trade, or mechanical school. Irs form 1040 ez instructions However, an on-the-job training course, correspondence school, or school offering courses only through the Internet does not count as a school. Irs form 1040 ez instructions Vocational high school students. Irs form 1040 ez instructions   Students who work on “co-op” jobs in private industry as a part of a school's regular course of classroom and practical training are considered full-time students. Irs form 1040 ez instructions Permanently and totally disabled. Irs form 1040 ez instructions   Your child is permanently and totally disabled if both of the following apply. Irs form 1040 ez instructions He or she cannot engage in any substantial gainful activity because of a physical or mental condition. Irs form 1040 ez instructions A doctor determines the condition has lasted or can be expected to last continuously for at least a year or can lead to death. Irs form 1040 ez instructions Residency Test To meet this test, your child must have lived with you for more than half the year. Irs form 1040 ez instructions There are exceptions for temporary absences, children who were born or died during the year, kidnapped children, and children of divorced or separated parents. Irs form 1040 ez instructions Temporary absences. Irs form 1040 ez instructions   Your child is considered to have lived with you during periods of time when one of you, or both, are temporarily absent due to special circumstances such as: Illness, Education, Business, Vacation, or Military service. Irs form 1040 ez instructions Your child is also considered to have lived with you during any required hospital stay following birth, as long as the child would have lived with you during that time but for the hospitalization. Irs form 1040 ez instructions Death or birth of child. Irs form 1040 ez instructions   A child who was born or died during the year is treated as having lived with you more than half of the year if your home was the child's home more than half of the time he or she was alive during the year. Irs form 1040 ez instructions Child born alive. Irs form 1040 ez instructions   You may be able to claim an exemption for a child born alive during the year, even if the child lived only for a moment. Irs form 1040 ez instructions State or local law must treat the child as having been born alive. Irs form 1040 ez instructions There must be proof of a live birth shown by an official document, such as a birth certificate. Irs form 1040 ez instructions The child must be your qualifying child or qualifying relative, and all the other tests to claim an exemption for a dependent must be met. Irs form 1040 ez instructions Stillborn child. Irs form 1040 ez instructions   You cannot claim an exemption for a stillborn child. Irs form 1040 ez instructions Kidnapped child. Irs form 1040 ez instructions   You may be able to treat your child as meeting the residency test even if the child has been kidnapped. Irs form 1040 ez instructions See Publication 501 for details. Irs form 1040 ez instructions Children of divorced or separated parents (or parents who live apart). Irs form 1040 ez instructions   In most cases, because of the residency test, a child of divorced or separated parents is the qualifying child of the custodial parent. Irs form 1040 ez instructions However, the child will be treated as the qualifying child of the noncustodial parent if all four of the following statements are true. Irs form 1040 ez instructions The parents: Are divorced or legally separated under a decree of divorce or separate maintenance, Are separated under a written separation agreement, or Lived apart at all times during the last 6 months of the year, whether or not they are or were married. Irs form 1040 ez instructions The child received over half of his or her support for the year from the parents. Irs form 1040 ez instructions The child is in the custody of one or both parents for more than half of the year. Irs form 1040 ez instructions Either of the following statements is true. Irs form 1040 ez instructions The custodial parent signs a written declaration, discussed later, that he or she will not claim the child as a dependent for the year, and the noncustodial parent attaches this written declaration to his or her return. Irs form 1040 ez instructions (If the decree or agreement went into effect after 1984 and before 2009, see Post-1984 and pre-2009 divorce decree or separation agreement , later. Irs form 1040 ez instructions If the decree or agreement went into effect after 2008, see Post-2008 divorce decree or separation agreement , later. Irs form 1040 ez instructions ) A pre-1985 decree of divorce or separate maintenance or written separation agreement that applies to 2013 states that the noncustodial parent can claim the child as a dependent, the decree or agreement was not changed after 1984 to say the noncustodial parent cannot claim the child as a dependent, and the noncustodial parent provides at least $600 for the child's support during the year. Irs form 1040 ez instructions Custodial parent and noncustodial parent. Irs form 1040 ez instructions   The custodial parent is the parent with whom the child lived for the greater number of nights during the year. Irs form 1040 ez instructions The other parent is the noncustodial parent. Irs form 1040 ez instructions   If the parents divorced or separated during the year and the child lived with both parents before the separation, the custodial parent is the one with whom the child lived for the greater number of nights during the rest of the year. Irs form 1040 ez instructions   A child is treated as living with a parent for a night if the child sleeps: At that parent's home, whether or not the parent is present, or In the company of the parent, when the child does not sleep at a parent's home (for example, the parent and child are on vacation together). Irs form 1040 ez instructions Equal number of nights. Irs form 1040 ez instructions   If the child lived with each parent for an equal number of nights during the year, the custodial parent is the parent with the higher adjusted gross income (AGI). Irs form 1040 ez instructions December 31. Irs form 1040 ez instructions   The night of December 31 is treated as part of the year in which it begins. Irs form 1040 ez instructions For example, December 31, 2013, is treated as part of 2013. Irs form 1040 ez instructions Emancipated child. Irs form 1040 ez instructions   If a child is emancipated under state law, the child is treated as not living with either parent. Irs form 1040 ez instructions See Examples 5 and 6. Irs form 1040 ez instructions Absences. Irs form 1040 ez instructions   If a child was not with either parent on a particular night (because, for example, the child was staying at a friend's house), the child is treated as living with the parent with whom the child normally would have lived for that night, except for the absence. Irs form 1040 ez instructions But if it cannot be determined with which parent the child normally would have lived or if the child would not have lived with either parent that night, the child is treated as not living with either parent that night. Irs form 1040 ez instructions Parent works at night. Irs form 1040 ez instructions   If, due to a parent's nighttime work schedule, a child lives for a greater number of days, but not nights, with the parent who works at night, that parent is treated as the custodial parent. Irs form 1040 ez instructions On a school day, the child is treated as living at the primary residence registered with the school. Irs form 1040 ez instructions Example 1—child lived with one parent for a greater number of nights. Irs form 1040 ez instructions You and your child’s other parent are divorced. Irs form 1040 ez instructions In 2013, your child lived with you 210 nights and with the other parent 155 nights. Irs form 1040 ez instructions You are the custodial parent. Irs form 1040 ez instructions Example 2—child is away at camp. Irs form 1040 ez instructions In 2013, your daughter lives with each parent for alternate weeks. Irs form 1040 ez instructions In the summer, she spends 6 weeks at summer camp. Irs form 1040 ez instructions During the time she is at camp, she is treated as living with you for 3 weeks and with her other parent, your ex-spouse, for 3 weeks because this is how long she would have lived with each parent if she had not attended summer camp. Irs form 1040 ez instructions Example 3—child lived same number of nights with each parent. Irs form 1040 ez instructions Your son lived with you 180 nights during the year and lived the same number of nights with his other parent, your ex-spouse. Irs form 1040 ez instructions Your AGI is $40,000. Irs form 1040 ez instructions Your ex-spouse's AGI is $25,000. Irs form 1040 ez instructions You are treated as your son's custodial parent because you have the higher AGI. Irs form 1040 ez instructions Example 4—child is at parent’s home but with other parent. Irs form 1040 ez instructions Your son normally lives with you during the week and with his other parent, your ex-spouse, every other weekend. Irs form 1040 ez instructions You become ill and are hospitalized. Irs form 1040 ez instructions The other parent lives in your home with your son for 10 consecutive days while you are in the hospital. Irs form 1040 ez instructions Your son is treated as living with you during this 10-day period because he was living in your home. Irs form 1040 ez instructions Example 5—child emancipated in May. Irs form 1040 ez instructions When your son turned age 18 in May 2013, he became emancipated under the law of the state where he lives. Irs form 1040 ez instructions As a result, he is not considered in the custody of his parents for more than half of the year. Irs form 1040 ez instructions The special rule for children of divorced or separated parents does not apply. Irs form 1040 ez instructions Example 6—child emancipated in August. Irs form 1040 ez instructions Your daughter lives with you from January 1, 2013, until May 31, 2013, and lives with her other parent, your ex-spouse, from June 1, 2013, through the end of the year. Irs form 1040 ez instructions She turns 18 and is emancipated under state law on August 1, 2013. Irs form 1040 ez instructions Because she is treated as not living with either parent beginning on August 1, she is treated as living with you the greater number of nights in 2013. Irs form 1040 ez instructions You are the custodial parent. Irs form 1040 ez instructions Written declaration. Irs form 1040 ez instructions    The custodial parent may use either Form 8332 or a similar statement (containing the same information required by the form) to make the written declaration to release the exemption to the noncustodial parent. Irs form 1040 ez instructions The noncustodial parent must attach a copy of the form or statement to his or her tax return. Irs form 1040 ez instructions   The exemption can be released for 1 year, for a number of specified years (for example, alternate years), or for all future years, as specified in the declaration. Irs form 1040 ez instructions Post-1984 and pre-2009 divorce decree or separation agreement. Irs form 1040 ez instructions   If the divorce decree or separation agreement went into effect after 1984 and before 2009, the noncustodial parent may be able to attach certain pages from the decree or agreement instead of Form 8332. Irs form 1040 ez instructions The decree or agreement must state all three of the following. Irs form 1040 ez instructions The noncustodial parent can claim the child as a dependent without regard to any condition, such as payment of support. Irs form 1040 ez instructions The custodial parent will not claim the child as a dependent for the year. Irs form 1040 ez instructions The years for which the noncustodial parent, rather than the custodial parent, can claim the child as a dependent. Irs form 1040 ez instructions   The noncustodial parent must attach all of the following pages of the decree or agreement to his or her tax return. Irs form 1040 ez instructions The cover page (write the other parent's social security number on this page). Irs form 1040 ez instructions The pages that include all of the information identified in items (1) through (3) above. Irs form 1040 ez instructions The signature page with the other parent's signature and the date of the agreement. Irs form 1040 ez instructions Post-2008 divorce decree or separation agreement. Irs form 1040 ez instructions   The noncustodial parent cannot attach pages from the decree or agreement instead of Form 8332 if the decree or agreement went into effect after 2008. Irs form 1040 ez instructions The custodial parent must sign either Form 8332 or a similar statement whose only purpose is to release the custodial parent's claim to an exemption for a child, and the noncustodial parent must attach a copy to his or her return. Irs form 1040 ez instructions The form or statement must release the custodial parent's claim to the child without any conditions. Irs form 1040 ez instructions For example, the release must not depend on the noncustodial parent paying support. Irs form 1040 ez instructions    The noncustodial parent must attach the required information even if it was filed with a return in an earlier year. Irs form 1040 ez instructions Revocation of release of claim to an exemption. Irs form 1040 ez instructions   The custodial parent can revoke a release of claim to exemption that he or she previously released to the noncustodial parent on Form 8332 (or a similar statement). Irs form 1040 ez instructions For the revocation to be effective for 2013, the custodial parent must have given (or made reasonable efforts to give) written notice of the revocation to the noncustodial parent in 2012 or earlier. Irs form 1040 ez instructions The custodial parent can use Part III of Form 8332 for this purpose and must attach a copy of the revocation to his or her return for each tax year he or she claims the child as a dependent as a result of the revocation. Irs form 1040 ez instructions Remarried parent. Irs form 1040 ez instructions   If you remarry, the support provided by your new spouse is treated as provided by you. Irs form 1040 ez instructions Parents who never married. Irs form 1040 ez instructions   This special rule for divorced or separated parents also applies to parents who never married, and who lived apart at all times during the last 6 months of the year. Irs form 1040 ez instructions Support Test (To Be a Qualifying Child) To meet this test, the child cannot have provided more than half of his or her own support for the year. Irs form 1040 ez instructions This test is different from the support test to be a qualifying relative, which is described later. Irs form 1040 ez instructions However, to see what is or is not support, see Support Test (To Be a Qualifying Relative) , later. Irs form 1040 ez instructions If you are not sure whether a child provided more than half of his or her own support, you may find Worksheet 3-1 helpful. Irs form 1040 ez instructions Worksheet 3-1. Irs form 1040 ez instructions Worksheet for Determining Support Funds Belonging to the Person You Supported       1. Irs form 1040 ez instructions Enter the total funds belonging to the person you supported, including income received (taxable and nontaxable) and amounts borrowed during the year, plus the amount in savings and other accounts at the beginning of the year. Irs form 1040 ez instructions Do not include funds provided by the state; include those amounts on line 23 instead 1. Irs form 1040 ez instructions     2. Irs form 1040 ez instructions Enter the amount on line 1 that was used for the person's support 2. Irs form 1040 ez instructions     3. Irs form 1040 ez instructions Enter the amount on line 1 that was used for other purposes 3. Irs form 1040 ez instructions     4. Irs form 1040 ez instructions Enter the total amount in the person's savings and other accounts at the end of the year 4. Irs form 1040 ez instructions     5. Irs form 1040 ez instructions Add lines 2 through 4. Irs form 1040 ez instructions (This amount should equal line 1. Irs form 1040 ez instructions ) 5. Irs form 1040 ez instructions     Expenses for Entire Household (where the person you supported lived)       6. Irs form 1040 ez instructions Lodging (complete line 6a or 6b):         a. Irs form 1040 ez instructions Enter the total rent paid 6a. Irs form 1040 ez instructions       b. Irs form 1040 ez instructions Enter the fair rental value of the home. Irs form 1040 ez instructions If the person you supported owned the home,  also include this amount in line 21 6b. Irs form 1040 ez instructions     7. Irs form 1040 ez instructions Enter the total food expenses 7. Irs form 1040 ez instructions     8. Irs form 1040 ez instructions Enter the total amount of utilities (heat, light, water, etc. Irs form 1040 ez instructions not included in line 6a or 6b) 8. Irs form 1040 ez instructions     9. Irs form 1040 ez instructions Enter the total amount of repairs (not included in line 6a or 6b) 9. Irs form 1040 ez instructions     10. Irs form 1040 ez instructions Enter the total of other expenses. Irs form 1040 ez instructions Do not include expenses of maintaining the home, such as mortgage interest, real estate taxes, and insurance 10. Irs form 1040 ez instructions     11. Irs form 1040 ez instructions Add lines 6a through 10. Irs form 1040 ez instructions These are the total household expenses 11. Irs form 1040 ez instructions     12. Irs form 1040 ez instructions Enter total number of persons who lived in the household 12. Irs form 1040 ez instructions     Expenses for the Person You Supported       13. Irs form 1040 ez instructions Divide line 11 by line 12. Irs form 1040 ez instructions This is the person's share of the household expenses 13. Irs form 1040 ez instructions     14. Irs form 1040 ez instructions Enter the person's total clothing expenses 14. Irs form 1040 ez instructions     15. Irs form 1040 ez instructions Enter the person's total education expenses 15. Irs form 1040 ez instructions     16. Irs form 1040 ez instructions Enter the person's total medical and dental expenses not paid for or reimbursed by insurance 16. Irs form 1040 ez instructions     17. Irs form 1040 ez instructions Enter the person's total travel and recreation expenses 17. Irs form 1040 ez instructions     18. Irs form 1040 ez instructions Enter the total of the person's other expenses 18. Irs form 1040 ez instructions     19. Irs form 1040 ez instructions Add lines 13 through 18. Irs form 1040 ez instructions This is the total cost of the person's support for the year 19. Irs form 1040 ez instructions     Did the Person Provide More Than Half of His or Her Own Support?       20. Irs form 1040 ez instructions Multiply line 19 by 50% (. Irs form 1040 ez instructions 50) 20. Irs form 1040 ez instructions     21. Irs form 1040 ez instructions Enter the amount from line 2, plus the amount from line 6b if the person you supported owned  the home. Irs form 1040 ez instructions This is the amount the person provided for his or her own support 21. Irs form 1040 ez instructions     22. Irs form 1040 ez instructions Is line 21 more than line 20?   No. Irs form 1040 ez instructions You meet the support test for this person to be your qualifying child. Irs form 1040 ez instructions If this person also meets the other tests to be a qualifying child, stop here; do not complete lines 23–26. Irs form 1040 ez instructions Otherwise, go to line 23 and fill out the rest of the worksheet to determine if this person is your qualifying relative. Irs form 1040 ez instructions    Yes. Irs form 1040 ez instructions You do not meet the support test for this person to be either your qualifying child or your qualifying relative. Irs form 1040 ez instructions Stop here. Irs form 1040 ez instructions        Did You Provide More Than Half?       23. Irs form 1040 ez instructions Enter the amount others provided for the person's support. Irs form 1040 ez instructions Include amounts provided by state, local, and other welfare societies or agencies. Irs form 1040 ez instructions Do not include any amounts included on line 1 23. Irs form 1040 ez instructions     24. Irs form 1040 ez instructions Add lines 21 and 23 24. Irs form 1040 ez instructions     25. Irs form 1040 ez instructions Subtract line 24 from line 19. Irs form 1040 ez instructions This is the amount you provided for the person's support 25. Irs form 1040 ez instructions     26. Irs form 1040 ez instructions Is line 25 more than line 20?   Yes. Irs form 1040 ez instructions You meet the support test for this person to be your qualifying relative. Irs form 1040 ez instructions    No. Irs form 1040 ez instructions You do not meet the support test for this person to be your qualifying relative. Irs form 1040 ez instructions You cannot claim an exemption for this person unless you can do so under a multiple support agreement, the support test for children of divorced or separated parents, or the special rule for kidnapped children. Irs form 1040 ez instructions See Multiple Support Agreement or Support Test for Children of Divorced or Separated Parents (or Parents Who Live Apart) , or Kidnapped child under Qualifying Relative. Irs form 1040 ez instructions   Example. Irs form 1040 ez instructions You provided $4,000 toward your 16-year-old son's support for the year. Irs form 1040 ez instructions He has a part-time job and provided $6,000 to his own support. Irs form 1040 ez instructions He provided more than half of his own support for the year. Irs form 1040 ez instructions He is not your qualifying child. Irs form 1040 ez instructions Foster care payments and expenses. Irs form 1040 ez instructions   Payments you receive for the support of a foster child from a child placement agency are considered support provided by the agency. Irs form 1040 ez instructions Similarly, payments you receive for the support of a foster child from a state or county are considered support provided by the state or county. Irs form 1040 ez instructions   If you are not in the trade or business of providing foster care and your unreimbursed out-of-pocket expenses in caring for a foster child were mainly to benefit an organization qualified to receive deductible charitable contributions, the expenses are deductible as charitable contributions but are not considered support you provided. Irs form 1040 ez instructions For more information about the deduction for charitable contributions, see chapter 24. Irs form 1040 ez instructions If your unreimbursed expenses are not deductible as charitable contributions, they may qualify as support you provided. Irs form 1040 ez instructions   If you are in the trade or business of providing foster care, your unreimbursed expenses are not considered support provided by you. Irs form 1040 ez instructions Example 1. Irs form 1040 ez instructions Lauren, a foster child, lived with Mr. Irs form 1040 ez instructions and Mrs. Irs form 1040 ez instructions Smith for the last 3 months of the year. Irs form 1040 ez instructions The Smiths cared for Lauren because they wanted to adopt her (although she had not been placed with them for adoption). Irs form 1040 ez instructions They did not care for her as a trade or business or to benefit the agency that placed her in their home. Irs form 1040 ez instructions The Smiths' unreimbursed expenses are not deductible as charitable contributions but are considered support they provided for Lauren. Irs form 1040 ez instructions Example 2. Irs form 1040 ez instructions You provided $3,000 toward your 10-year-old foster child's support for the year. Irs form 1040 ez instructions The state government provided $4,000, which is considered support provided by the state, not by the child. Irs form 1040 ez instructions See Support provided by the state (welfare, food stamps, housing, etc. Irs form 1040 ez instructions ) , later. Irs form 1040 ez instructions Your foster child did not provide more than half of her own support for the year. Irs form 1040 ez instructions Scholarships. Irs form 1040 ez instructions   A scholarship received by a child who is a student is not taken into account in determining whether the child provided more than half of his or her own support. Irs form 1040 ez instructions Joint Return Test (To Be a Qualifying Child) To meet this test, the child cannot file a joint return for the year. Irs form 1040 ez instructions Exception. Irs form 1040 ez instructions   An exception to the joint return test applies if your child and his or her spouse file a joint return only to claim a refund of income tax withheld or estimated tax paid. Irs form 1040 ez instructions Example 1—child files joint return. Irs form 1040 ez instructions You supported your 18-year-old daughter, and she lived with you all year while her husband was in the Armed Forces. Irs form 1040 ez instructions He earned $25,000 for the year. Irs form 1040 ez instructions The couple files a joint return. Irs form 1040 ez instructions Because your daughter and her husband file a joint return, she is not your qualifying child. Irs form 1040 ez instructions Example 2—child files joint return only as a claim for refund of withheld tax. Irs form 1040 ez instructions Your 18-year-old son and his 17-year-old wife had $800 of wages from part-time jobs and no other income. Irs form 1040 ez instructions Neither is required to file a tax return. Irs form 1040 ez instructions They do not have a child. Irs form 1040 ez instructions Taxes were taken out of their pay so they filed a joint return only to get a refund of the withheld taxes. Irs form 1040 ez instructions The exception to the joint return test applies, so your son may be your qualifying child if all the other tests are met. Irs form 1040 ez instructions Example 3—child files joint return to claim American opportunity credit. Irs form 1040 ez instructions The facts are the same as in Example 2 except no taxes were taken out of your son's pay. Irs form 1040 ez instructions He and his wife were not required to file a tax return. Irs form 1040 ez instructions However, they file a joint return to claim an American opportunity credit of $124 and get a refund of that amount. Irs form 1040 ez instructions Because claiming the American opportunity credit is their reason for filing the return, they are not filing it only to get a refund of income tax withheld or estimated tax paid. Irs form 1040 ez instructions The exception to the joint return test does not apply, so your son is not your qualifying child. Irs form 1040 ez instructions Special Rule for Qualifying Child of More Than One Person If your qualifying child is not a qualifying child of anyone else, this special rule does not apply to you and you do not need to read about it. Irs form 1040 ez instructions This is also true if your qualifying child is not a qualifying child of anyone else except your spouse with whom you file a joint return. Irs form 1040 ez instructions If a child is treated as the qualifying child of the noncustodial parent under the rules for children of divorced or separated parents (or parents who live apart) described earlier, see Applying this special rule to divorced or separated parents (or parents who live apart), later. Irs form 1040 ez instructions Sometimes, a child meets the relationship, age, residency, support, and joint return tests to be a qualifying child of more than one person. Irs form 1040 ez instructions Although the child is a qualifying child of each of these persons, only one person can actually treat the child as a qualifying child to take all of the following tax benefits (provided the person is eligible for each benefit). Irs form 1040 ez instructions The exemption for the child. Irs form 1040 ez instructions The child tax credit. Irs form 1040 ez instructions Head of household filing status. Irs form 1040 ez instructions The credit for child and dependent care expenses. Irs form 1040 ez instructions The exclusion from income for dependent care benefits. Irs form 1040 ez instructions The earned income credit. Irs form 1040 ez instructions The other person cannot take any of these benefits based on this qualifying child. Irs form 1040 ez instructions In other words, you and the other person cannot agree to divide these benefits between you. Irs form 1040 ez instructions The other person cannot take any of these tax benefits for a child unless he or she has a different qualifying child. Irs form 1040 ez instructions Tiebreaker rules. Irs form 1040 ez instructions   To determine which person can treat the child as a qualifying child to claim these six tax benefits, the following tiebreaker rules apply. Irs form 1040 ez instructions If only one of the persons is the child's parent, the child is treated as the qualifying child of the parent. Irs form 1040 ez instructions If the parents file a joint return together and can claim the child as a qualifying child, the child is treated as the qualifying child of the parents. Irs form 1040 ez instructions If the parents do not file a joint return together but both parents claim the child as a qualifying child, the IRS will treat the child as the qualifying child of the parent with whom the child lived for the longer period of time during the year. Irs form 1040 ez instructions If the child lived with each parent for the same amount of time, the IRS will treat the child as the qualifying child of the parent who had the higher adjusted gross income (AGI) for the year. Irs form 1040 ez instructions If no parent can claim the child as a qualifying child, the child is treated as the qualifying child of the person who had the highest AGI for the year. Irs form 1040 ez instructions If a parent can claim the child as a qualifying child but no parent does so claim the child, the child is treated as the qualifying child of the person who had the highest AGI for the year, but only if that person's AGI is higher than the highest AGI of any of the child's parents who can claim the child. Irs form 1040 ez instructions If the child's parents file a joint return with each other, this rule can be applied by dividing the parents' combined AGI equally between the parents. Irs form 1040 ez instructions See Example 6 . Irs form 1040 ez instructions   Subject to these tiebreaker rules, you and the other person may be able to choose which of you claims the child as a qualifying child. Irs form 1040 ez instructions Example 1—child lived with parent and grandparent. Irs form 1040 ez instructions You and your 3-year-old daughter Jane lived with your mother all year. Irs form 1040 ez instructions You are 25 years old, unmarried, and your AGI is $9,000. Irs form 1040 ez instructions Your mother's AGI is $15,000. Irs form 1040 ez instructions Jane's father did not live with you or your daughter. Irs form 1040 ez instructions You have not signed Form 8332 (or a similar statement) to release the child's exemption to the noncustodial parent. Irs form 1040 ez instructions Jane is a qualifying child of both you and your mother because she meets the relationship, age, residency, support, and joint return tests for both you and your mother. Irs form 1040 ez instructions However, only one of you can claim her. Irs form 1040 ez instructions Jane is not a qualifying child of anyone else, including her father. Irs form 1040 ez instructions You agree to let your mother claim Jane. Irs form 1040 ez instructions This means your mother can claim Jane as a qualifying child for all of the six tax benefits listed earlier, if she qualifies (and if you do not claim Jane as a qualifying child for any of those tax benefits). Irs form 1040 ez instructions Example 2—parent has higher AGI than grandparent. Irs form 1040 ez instructions The facts are the same as in Example 1 except your AGI is $18,000. Irs form 1040 ez instructions Because your mother's AGI is not higher than yours, she cannot claim Jane. Irs form 1040 ez instructions Only you can claim Jane. Irs form 1040 ez instructions Example 3—two persons claim same child. Irs form 1040 ez instructions The facts are the same as in Example 1 except that you and your mother both claim Jane as a qualifying child. Irs form 1040 ez instructions In this case, you, as the child's parent, will be the only one allowed to claim Jane as a qualifying child. Irs form 1040 ez instructions The IRS will disallow your mother's claim to the six tax benefits listed earlier unless she has another qualifying child. Irs form 1040 ez instructions Example 4—qualifying children split between two persons. Irs form 1040 ez instructions The facts are the same as in Example 1 except you also have two other young children who are qualifying children of both you and your mother. Irs form 1040 ez instructions Only one of you can claim each child. Irs form 1040 ez instructions However, if your mother's AGI is higher than yours, you can allow your mother to claim one or more of the children. Irs form 1040 ez instructions For example, if you claim one child, your mother can claim the other two. Irs form 1040 ez instructions Example 5—taxpayer who is a qualifying child. Irs form 1040 ez instructions The facts are the same as in Example 1 except you are only 18 years old and did not provide more than half of your own support for the year. Irs form 1040 ez instructions This means you are your mother's qualifying child. Irs form 1040 ez instructions If she can claim you as a dependent, then you cannot claim your daughter as a dependent because of the Dependent Taxpayer Test explained earlier. Irs form 1040 ez instructions Example 6—child lived with both parents and grandparent. Irs form 1040 ez instructions The facts are the same as in Example 1 except you are married to your daughter's father. Irs form 1040 ez instructions The two of you live together with your daughter and your mother, and have an AGI of $20,000 on a joint return. Irs form 1040 ez instructions If you and your husband do not claim your daughter as a qualifying child, your mother can claim her instead. Irs form 1040 ez instructions Even though the AGI on your joint return, $20,000, is more than your mother's AGI of $15,000, for this purpose each parent's AGI can be treated as $10,000, so your mother's $15,000 AGI is treated as higher than the highest AGI of any of the child's parents who can claim the child. Irs form 1040 ez instructions Example 7—separated parents. Irs form 1040 ez instructions You, your husband, and your 10-year-old son lived together until August 1, 2013, when your husband moved out of the household. Irs form 1040 ez instructions In August and September, your son lived with you. Irs form 1040 ez instructions For the rest of the year, your son lived with your husband, the boy's father. Irs form 1040 ez instructions Your son is a qualifying child of both you and your husband because your son lived with each of you for more than half the year and because he met the relationship, age, support, and joint return tests for both of you. Irs form 1040 ez instructions At the end of the year, you and your husband still were not divorced, legally separated, or separated under a written separation agreement, so the rule for children of divorced or separated parents (or parents who live apart) does not apply. Irs form 1040 ez instructions You and your husband will file separate returns. Irs form 1040 ez instructions Your husband agrees to let you treat your son as a qualifying child. Irs form 1040 ez instructions This means, if your husband does not claim your son as a qualifying child, you can claim your son as a qualifying child for the dependency exemption, child tax credit, and exclusion for dependent care benefits (if you qualify for each of those tax benefits). Irs form 1040 ez instructions However, you cannot claim head of household filing status because you and your husband did not live apart for the last 6 months of the year. Irs form 1040 ez instructions As a result, your filing status is married filing separately, so you cannot claim the earned income credit or the credit for child and dependent care expenses. Irs form 1040 ez instructions Example 8—separated parents claim same child. Irs form 1040 ez instructions The facts are the same as in Example 7 except that you and your husband both claim your son as a qualifying child. Irs form 1040 ez instructions In this case, only your husband will be allowed to treat your son as a qualifying child. Irs form 1040 ez instructions This is because, during 2013, the boy lived with him longer than with you. Irs form 1040 ez instructions If you claimed an exemption or the child tax credit for your son, the IRS will disallow your claim to both these tax benefits. Irs form 1040 ez instructions If you do not have another qualifying child or dependent, the IRS will also disallow your claim to the exclusion for dependent care benefits. Irs form 1040 ez instructions In addition, because you and your husband did not live apart for the last 6 months of the year, your husband cannot claim head of household filing status. Irs form 1040 ez instructions As a result, his filing status is married filing separately, so he cannot claim the earned income credit or the credit for child and dependent care expenses. Irs form 1040 ez instructions Example 9—unmarried parents. Irs form 1040 ez instructions You, your 5-year-old son, and your son's father lived together all year. Irs form 1040 ez instructions You and your son's father are not married. Irs form 1040 ez instructions Your son is a qualifying child of both you and his father because he meets the relationship, age, residency, support, and joint return tests for both you and his father. Irs form 1040 ez instructions Your AGI is $12,000 and your son's father's AGI is $14,000. Irs form 1040 ez instructions Your son's father agrees to let you claim the child as a qualifying child. Irs form 1040 ez instructions This means you can claim him as a qualifying child for the dependency exemption, child tax credit, head of household filing status, credit for child and dependent care expenses, exclusion for dependent care benefits, and the earned income credit, if you qualify for each of those tax benefits (and if your son's father does not, in fact, claim your son as a qualifying child for any of those tax benefits). Irs form 1040 ez instructions Example 10—unmarried parents claim same child. Irs form 1040 ez instructions The facts are the same as in Example 9 except that you and your son's father both claim your son as a qualifying child. Irs form 1040 ez instructions In this case, only your son's father will be allowed to treat your son as a qualifying child. Irs form 1040 ez instructions This is because his AGI, $14,000, is more than your AGI, $12,000. Irs form 1040 ez instructions If you claimed an exemption or the child tax credit for your son, the IRS will disallow your claim to both these tax benefits. Irs form 1040 ez instructions If you do not have another qualifying child or dependent, the IRS will also disallow your claim to the earned income credit, head of household filing status, the credit for child and dependent care expenses, and the exclusion for dependent care benefits. Irs form 1040 ez instructions Example 11—child did not live with a parent. Irs form 1040 ez instructions You and your 7-year-old niece, your sister's child, lived with your mother all year. Irs form 1040 ez instructions You are 25 years old, and your AGI is $9,300. Irs form 1040 ez instructions Your mother's AGI is $15,000. Irs form 1040 ez instructions Your niece's parents file jointly, have an AGI of less than $9,000, and do not live with you or their child. Irs form 1040 ez instructions Your niece is a qualifying child of both you and your mother because she meets the relationship, age, residency, support, and joint return tests for both you and your mother. Irs form 1040 ez instructions However, only your mother can treat her as a qualifying child. Irs form 1040 ez instructions This is because your mother's AGI, $15,000, is more than your AGI, $9,300. Irs form 1040 ez instructions Applying this special rule to divorced or separated parents (or parents who live apart). Irs form 1040 ez instructions   If a child is treated as the qualifying child of the noncustodial parent under the rules described earlier for children of divorced or separated parents (or parents who live apart), only the noncustodial parent can claim an exemption and the child tax credit for the child. Irs form 1040 ez instructions However, the custodial parent, if eligible, or other eligible person can claim the child as a qualifying child for head of household filing status, the credit for child and dependent care expenses, the exclusion for dependent care benefits, and the earned income credit. Irs form 1040 ez instructions If the child is the qualifying child of more than one person for these benefits, then the tiebreaker rules just explained determine which person can treat the child as a qualifying child. Irs form 1040 ez instructions Example 1. Irs form 1040 ez instructions You and your 5-year-old son lived all year with your mother, who paid the entire cost of keeping up the home. Irs form 1040 ez instructions Your AGI is $10,000. Irs form 1040 ez instructions Your mother's AGI is $25,000. Irs form 1040 ez instructions Your son's father did not live with you or your son. Irs form 1040 ez instructions Under the rules explained earlier for children of divorced or separated parents (or parents who live apart), your son is treated as the qualifying child of his father, who can claim an exemption and the child tax credit for him. Irs form 1040 ez instructions Because of this, you cannot claim an exemption or the child tax credit for your son. Irs form 1040 ez instructions However, your son's father cannot claim your son as a qualifying child for head of household filing status, the credit for child and dependent care expenses, the exclusion for dependent care benefits, or the earned income credit. Irs form 1040 ez instructions You and your mother did not have any child care expenses or dependent care benefits, so neither of you can claim the credit for child and dependent care expenses or the exclusion for dependent care benefits. Irs form 1040 ez instructions But the boy is a qualifying child of both you and your mother for head of household filing status and the earned income credit because he meets the relationship, age, residency, support, and joint return tests for both you and your mother. Irs form 1040 ez instructions (Note: The support test does not apply for the earned income credit. Irs form 1040 ez instructions ) However, you agree to let your mother claim your son. Irs form 1040 ez instructions This means she can claim him for head of household filing status and the earned income credit if she qualifies for each and if you do not claim him as a qualifying child for the earned income credit. Irs form 1040 ez instructions (You cannot claim head of household filing status because your mother paid the entire cost of keeping up the home. Irs form 1040 ez instructions ) Example 2. Irs form 1040 ez instructions The facts are the same as in Example 1 except your AGI is $25,000 and your mother's AGI is $21,000. Irs form 1040 ez instructions Your mother cannot claim your son as a qualifying child for any purpose because her AGI is not higher than yours. Irs form 1040 ez instructions Example 3. Irs form 1040 ez instructions The facts are the same as in Example 1 except you and your mother both claim your son as a qualifying child for the earned income credit. Irs form 1040 ez instructions Your mother also claims him as a qualifying child for head of household filing status. Irs form 1040 ez instructions You, as the child's parent, will be the only one allowed to claim your son as a qualifying child for the earned income credit. Irs form 1040 ez instructions The IRS will disallow your mother's claim to the earned income credit and head of household filing status unless she has another qualifying child. Irs form 1040 ez instructions Qualifying Relative Four tests must be met for a person to be your qualifying relative. Irs form 1040 ez instructions The four tests are: Not a qualifying child test, Member of household or relationship test, Gross income test, and Support test. Irs form 1040 ez instructions Age. Irs form 1040 ez instructions   Unlike a qualifying child, a qualifying relative can be any age. Irs form 1040 ez instructions There is no age test for a qualifying relative. Irs form 1040 ez instructions Kidnapped child. Irs form 1040 ez instructions   You may be able to treat a child as your qualifying relative even if the child has been kidnapped. Irs form 1040 ez instructions See Publication 501 for details. Irs form 1040 ez instructions Not a Qualifying Child Test A child is not your qualifying relative if the child is your qualifying child or the qualifying child of any other taxpayer. Irs form 1040 ez instructions Example 1. Irs form 1040 ez instructions Your 22-year-old daughter, who is a student, lives with you and meets all the tests to be your qualifying child. Irs form 1040 ez instructions She is not your qualifying relative. Irs form 1040 ez instructions Example 2. Irs form 1040 ez instructions Your 2-year-old son lives with your parents and meets all the tests to be their qualifying child. Irs form 1040 ez instructions He is not your qualifying relative. Irs form 1040 ez instructions Example 3. Irs form 1040 ez instructions Your son lives with you but is not your qualifying child because he is 30 years old and does not meet the age test. Irs form 1040 ez instructions He may be your qualifying relative if the gross income test and the support test are met. Irs form 1040 ez instructions Example 4. Irs form 1040 ez instructions Your 13-year-old grandson lived with his mother for 3 months, with his uncle for 4 months, and with you for 5 months during the year. Irs form 1040 ez instructions He is not your qualifying child because he does not meet the residency test. Irs form 1040 ez instructions He may be your qualifying relative if the gross income test and the support test are met. Irs form 1040 ez instructions Child of person not required to file a return. Irs form 1040 ez instructions   A child is not the qualifying child of any other taxpayer and so may qualify as your qualifying relative if the child's parent (or other person for whom the child is defined as a qualifying child) is not required to file an income tax return and either: Does not file an income tax return, or Files a return only to get a refund of income tax withheld or estimated tax paid. Irs form 1040 ez instructions Example 1—return not required. Irs form 1040 ez instructions You support an unrelated friend and her 3-year-old child, who lived with you all year in your home. Irs form 1040 ez instructions Your friend has no gross income, is not required to file a 2013 tax return, and does not file a 2013 tax return. Irs form 1040 ez instructions Both your friend and her child are your qualifying relatives if the support test is met. Irs form 1040 ez instructions Example 2—return filed to claim refund. Irs form 1040 ez instructions The facts are the same as in Example 1 except your friend had wages of $1,500 during the year and had income tax withheld from her wages. Irs form 1040 ez instructions She files a return only to get a refund of the income tax withheld and does not claim the earned income credit or any other tax credits or deductions. Irs form 1040 ez instructions Both your friend and her child are your qualifying relatives if the support test is met. Irs form 1040 ez instructions Example 3—earned income credit claimed. Irs form 1040 ez instructions The facts are the same as in Example 2 except your friend had wages of $8,000 during the year and claimed the earned income credit on her return. Irs form 1040 ez instructions Your friend's child is the qualifying child of another taxpayer (your friend), so you cannot claim your friend's child as your qualifying relative. Irs form 1040 ez instructions Child in Canada or Mexico. Irs form 1040 ez instructions   You may be able to claim your child as a dependent even if the child lives in Canada or Mexico. Irs form 1040 ez instructions If the child does not live with you, the child does not meet the residency test to be your qualifying child. Irs form 1040 ez instructions However, the child may still be your qualifying relative. Irs form 1040 ez instructions If the persons the child does live with are not U. Irs form 1040 ez instructions S. Irs form 1040 ez instructions citizens and have no U. Irs form 1040 ez instructions S. Irs form 1040 ez instructions gross income, those persons are not “taxpayers,” so the child is not the qualifying child of any other taxpayer. Irs form 1040 ez instructions If the child is not the qualifying child of any other taxpayer, the child is your qualifying relative as long as the gross income test and the support test are met. Irs form 1040 ez instructions   You cannot claim as a dependent a child who lives in a foreign country other than Canada or Mexico, unless the child is a U. Irs form 1040 ez instructions S. Irs form 1040 ez instructions citizen, U. Irs form 1040 ez instructions S. Irs form 1040 ez instructions resident alien, or U. Irs form 1040 ez instructions S. Irs form 1040 ez instructions national. Irs form 1040 ez instructions There is an exception for certain adopted children who lived with you all year. Irs form 1040 ez instructions See Citizen or Resident Test , earlier. Irs form 1040 ez instructions Example. Irs form 1040 ez instructions You provide all the support of your children, ages 6, 8, and 12, who live in Mexico with your mother and have no income. Irs form 1040 ez instructions You are single and live in the United States. Irs form 1040 ez instructions Your mother is not a U. Irs form 1040 ez instructions S. Irs form 1040 ez instructions citizen and has no U. Irs form 1040 ez instructions S. Irs form 1040 ez instructions income, so she is not a “taxpayer. Irs form 1040 ez instructions ” Your children are not your qualifying children because they do not meet the residency test. Irs form 1040 ez instructions But since they are not the qualifying children of any other taxpayer, they are your qualifying relatives and you can claim them as dependents. Irs form 1040 ez instructions You may also be able to claim your mother as a dependent if the gross income and support tests are met. Irs form 1040 ez instructions Member of Household or Relationship Test To meet this test, a person must either: Live with you all year as a member of your household, or Be related to you in one of the ways listed under Relatives who do not have to live with you . Irs form 1040 ez instructions If at any time during the year the person was your spouse, that person cannot be your qualifying relative. Irs form 1040 ez instructions However, see Personal Exemptions , earlier. Irs form 1040 ez instructions Relatives who do not have to live with you. Irs form 1040 ez instructions   A person related to you in any of the following ways does not have to live with you all year as a member of your household to meet this test. Irs form 1040 ez instructions Your child, stepchild, foster child, or a descendant of any of them (for example, your grandchild). Irs form 1040 ez instructions (A legally adopted child is considered your child. Irs form 1040 ez instructions ) Your brother, sister, half brother, half sister, stepbrother, or stepsister. Irs form 1040 ez instructions Your father, mother, grandparent, or other direct ancestor, but not foster parent. Irs form 1040 ez instructions Your stepfather or stepmother. Irs form 1040 ez instructions A son or daughter of your brother or sister. Irs form 1040 ez instructions A son or daughter of your half brother or half sister. Irs form 1040 ez instructions A brother or sister of your father or mother. Irs form 1040 ez instructions Your son-in-law, daughter-in-law, father-in-law, mother-in-law, brother-in-law, or sister-in-law. Irs form 1040 ez instructions Any of these relationships that were established by marriage are not ended by death or divorce. Irs form 1040 ez instructions Example. Irs form 1040 ez instructions You and your wife began supporting your wife's father, a widower, in 2006. Irs form 1040 ez instructions Your wife died in 2012. Irs form 1040 ez instructions Despite your wife's death, your father-in-law continues to meet this test, even if he does not live with you. Irs form 1040 ez instructions You can claim him as a dependent if all other tests are met, including the gross income test and support test. Irs form 1040 ez instructions Foster child. Irs form 1040 ez instructions   A foster child is an individual who is placed with you by an authorized placement agency or by judgment, decree, or other order of any court of competent jurisdiction. Irs form 1040 ez instructions Joint return. Irs form 1040 ez instructions   If you file a joint return, the person can be related to either you or your spouse. Irs form 1040 ez instructions Also, the person does not need to be related to the spouse who provides support. Irs form 1040 ez instructions   For example, your spouse's uncle who receives more than half of his support from you may be your qualifying relative, even though he does not live with you. Irs form 1040 ez instructions However, if you and your spouse file separate returns, your spouse's uncle can be your qualifying relative only if he lives with you all year as a member of your household. Irs form 1040 ez instructions Temporary absences. Irs form 1040 ez instructions   A person is considered to live with you as a member of your household during periods of time when one of you, or both, are temporarily absent due to special circumstances such as: Illness, Education, Business, Vacation, or Military service. Irs form 1040 ez instructions   If the person is placed in a nursing home for an indefinite period of time to receive constant medical care, the absence may be considered temporary. Irs form 1040 ez instructions Death or birth. Irs form 1040 ez instructions   A person who died during the year, but lived with you as a member of your household until death, will meet this test. Irs form 1040 ez instructions The same is true for a child who was born during the year and lived with you as a member of your household for the rest of the year. Irs form 1040 ez instructions The test is also met if a child lived with you as a member of your household except for any required hospital stay following birth. Irs form 1040 ez instructions   If your dependent died during the year and you otherwise qualify to claim an exemption for the dependent, you can still claim the exemption. Irs form 1040 ez instructions Example. Irs form 1040 ez instructions Your dependent mother died on January 15. Irs form 1040 ez instructions She met the tests to be your qualifying relative. Irs form 1040 ez instructions The other tests to claim an exemption for a dependent were also met. Irs form 1040 ez instructions You can claim an exemption for her on your return. Irs form 1040 ez instructions Local law violated. Irs form 1040 ez instructions   A person does not meet this test if at any time during the year the relationship between you and that person violates local law. Irs form 1040 ez instructions Example. Irs form 1040 ez instructions Your girlfriend lived with you as a member of your household all year. Irs form 1040 ez instructions However, your relationship with her violated the laws of the state where you live, because she was married to someone else. Irs form 1040 ez instructions Therefore, she does not meet this test and you cannot claim her as a dependent. Irs form 1040 ez instructions Adopted child. Irs form 1040 ez instructions   An adopted child is always treated as your own child. Irs form 1040 ez instructions The term “adopted child” includes a child who was lawfully placed with you for legal adoption. Irs form 1040 ez instructions Cousin. Irs form 1040 ez instructions   Your cousin meets this test only if he or she lives with you all year as a member of your household. Irs form 1040 ez instructions A cousin is a descendant of a brother or sister of your father or mother. Irs form 1040 ez instructions Gross Income Test To meet this test, a person's gross income for the year must be less than $3,900. Irs form 1040 ez instructions Gross income defined. Irs form 1040 ez instructions   Gross income is all income in the form of money, property, and services that is not exempt from tax. Irs form 1040 ez instructions   In a manufacturing, merchandising, or mining business, gross income is the total net sales minus the cost of goods sold, plus any miscellaneous income from the business. Irs form 1040 ez instructions   Gross receipts from rental property are gross income. Irs form 1040 ez instructions Do not deduct taxes, repairs, or other expenses, to determine the gross income from rental property. Irs form 1040 ez instructions   Gross income includes a partner's share of the gross (not a share of the net) partnership income. Irs form 1040 ez instructions    Gross income also includes all taxable unemployment compensation and certain scholarship and fellowship grants. Irs form 1040 ez instructions Scholarships received by degree candidates and used for tuition, fees, supplies, books, and equipment required for particular courses generally are not included in gross income. Irs form 1040 ez instructions For more information about scholarships, see chapter 12. Irs form 1040 ez instructions   Tax-exempt income, such as certain social security benefits, is not included in gross income. Irs form 1040 ez instructions Disabled dependent working at sheltered workshop. Irs form 1040 ez instructions   For purposes of the gross income test, the gross income of an individual who is permanently and totally disabled at any time during the year does not include income for services the individual performs at a sheltered workshop. Irs form 1040 ez instructions The availability of medical care at the workshop must be the main reason for the individual's presence there. Irs form 1040 ez instructions Also, the income must come solely from activities at the workshop that are incident to this medical care. Irs form 1040 ez instructions   A “sheltered workshop” is a school that: Provides special instruction or training designed to alleviate the disability of the individual, and Is operated by certain tax-exempt organizations, or by a state, a U. Irs form 1040 ez instructions S. Irs form 1040 ez instructions possession, a political subdivision of a state or possession, the United States, or the District of Columbia. Irs form 1040 ez instructions “Permanently and totally disabled” has the same meaning here as under Qualifying Child, earlier. Irs form 1040 ez instructions Support Test (To Be a Qualifying Relative) To meet this test, you generally must provide more than half of a person's total support during the calendar year. Irs form 1040 ez instructions However, if two or more persons provide support, but no one person provides more than half of a person's total support, see Multiple Support Agreement , later. Irs form 1040 ez instructions How to determine if support test is met. Irs form 1040 ez instructions   You figure whether you have provided more than half of a person's total support by comparing the amount you contributed to that person's support with the entire amount of support that person received from all sources. Irs form 1040 ez instructions This includes support the person provided from his or her own funds. Irs form 1040 ez instructions   You may find Worksheet 3-1 helpful in figuring whether you provided more than half of a person's support. Irs form 1040 ez instructions Person's own funds not used for support. Irs form 1040 ez instructions   A person's own funds are not support unless they are actually spent for support. Irs form 1040 ez instructions Example. Irs form 1040 ez instructions Your mother received $2,400 in social security benefits and $300 in interest. Irs form 1040 ez instructions She paid $2,000 for lodging and $400 for recreation. Irs form 1040 ez instructions She put $300 in a savings account. Irs form 1040 ez instructions Even though your mother received a total of $2,700 ($2,400 + $300), she spent only $2,400 ($2,000 + $400) for her own support. Irs form 1040 ez instructions If you spent more than $2,400 for her support and no other support was received, you have provided more than half of her support. Irs form 1040 ez instructions Child's wages used for own support. Irs form 1040 ez instructions   You cannot include in your contribution to your child's support any support paid for by the child with the child's own wages, even if you paid the wages. Irs form 1040 ez instructions Year support is provided. Irs form 1040 ez instructions   The year you provide the support is the year you pay for it, even if you do so with borrowed money that you repay in a later year. Irs form 1040 ez instructions   If you use a fiscal year to report your income, you must provide more than half of the dependent's support for the calendar year in which your fiscal year begins. Irs form 1040 ez instructions Armed Forces dependency allotments. Irs form 1040 ez instructions   The part of the allotment contributed by the government and the part taken out of your military pay are both considered provided by you in figuring whether you provide more than half of the support. Irs form 1040 ez instructions If your allotment is used to support persons other than those you name, you can take the exemptions for them if they otherwise qualify. Irs form 1040 ez instructions Example. Irs form 1040 ez instructions You are in the Armed Forces. Irs form 1040 ez instructions You authorize an allotment for your widowed mother that she uses to support herself and her sister. Irs form 1040 ez instructions If the allotment provides more than half of each person's support, you can take an exemption for each of them, if they otherwise qualify, even though you authorize the allotment only for your mother. Irs form 1040 ez instructions Tax-exempt military quarters allowances. Irs form 1040 ez instructions   These allowances are treated the same way as dependency allotments in figuring support. Irs form 1040 ez instructions The allotment of pay and the tax-exempt basic allowance for quarters are both considered as provided by you for support. Irs form 1040 ez instructions Tax-exempt income. Irs form 1040 ez instructions   In figuring a person's total support, include tax-exempt income, savings, and borrowed amounts used to support that person. Irs form 1040 ez instructions Tax-exempt income includes certain social security benefits, welfare benefits, nontaxable life insurance proceeds, Armed Forces family allotments, nontaxable pensions, and tax-exempt interest. Irs form 1040 ez instructions Example 1. Irs form 1040 ez instructions You provide $4,000 toward your mother's support during the year. Irs form 1040 ez instructions She has earned income of $600, nontaxable social security benefits of $4,800, and tax-exempt interest of $200. Irs form 1040 ez instructions She uses all these for her support. Irs form 1040 ez instructions You cannot claim an exemption for your mother because the $4,000 you provide is not more than half of her total support of $9,600 ($4,000 + $600 + $4,800 + $200). Irs form 1040 ez instructions Example 2. Irs form 1040 ez instructions Your niece takes out a student loan of $2,500 a