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Last day to file taxes 2013 Part Four -   Ajustes a los Ingresos Los tres capítulos de esta sección abordan algunos de los ajustes a los ingresos que puede deducir al calcular el ingreso bruto ajustado. Last day to file taxes 2013 Estos capítulos abarcan: Aportaciones a arreglos tradicionales de ahorros para la jubilación (IRA, por sus siglas en inglés), el capítulo 17 , Pensión para el cónyuge divorciado que paga, el capítulo 18 e Intereses sobre préstamos de estudios que usted paga, el capítulo 19 . Last day to file taxes 2013 Otros ajustes a los ingresos se explican en otras partes de esta publicación o en otras publicaciones. Last day to file taxes 2013 Vea la Tabla V que aparece a continuación. Last day to file taxes 2013 Tabla V. Last day to file taxes 2013 Otros Ajustes a los Ingresos  Utilice esta tabla para buscar información acerca de otros ajustes a los ingresos no abarcados en esta sección de la publicación. Last day to file taxes 2013 SI busca más información sobre la deducción por. Last day to file taxes 2013 . Last day to file taxes 2013 . Last day to file taxes 2013 ENTONCES vea. Last day to file taxes 2013 . Last day to file taxes 2013 . Last day to file taxes 2013 Determinados gastos de negocio de personal en reserva de las Fuerzas Armadas, artistas del espectáculo y funcionarios que prestan servicios por honorarios el capítulo 26 . Last day to file taxes 2013 Aportaciones a cuentas de ahorros para gastos médicos la Publicación 969, Health Savings Accounts and Other Tax-Favored Health Plans (Cuentas de ahorros para gastos médicos y otros planes para la salud con beneficios tributarios), en inglés. Last day to file taxes 2013 Gastos de mudanza la Publicación 521, Moving Expenses (Gastos de mudanza), en inglés. Last day to file taxes 2013 Una porción del impuesto sobre el trabajo por cuenta propia el capítulo 22 . Last day to file taxes 2013 Seguro médico para personas que trabajan por cuenta propia el capítulo 21 . Last day to file taxes 2013 Pagos a planes SEP, SIMPLE y planes calificados para personas que trabajan por cuenta propia la Publicación 560, Retirement Plans for Small Business (SEP, SIMPLE, and Qualified Plans) (Planes de jubilación para pequeños negocios (SEP, SIMPLE y planes calificados)), en inglés. Last day to file taxes 2013 Multa por retiro prematuro de ahorros el capítulo 7 . Last day to file taxes 2013 Aportaciones a un plan de ahorros médicos Archer (MSA, por sus siglas en inglés) la Publicación 969, en inglés. Last day to file taxes 2013 Amortización o gasto de reforestación los capítulos 7 y 8 de la Publicación 535, Business Expenses (Gastos de negocios), en inglés. Last day to file taxes 2013 Aportaciones a planes de pensiones conforme a la sección 501(c)(18)(D) del Código Federal de Impuestos Internos la Publicación 525, Taxable and Nontaxable Income (Ingreso tributable y no tributable), en inglés. Last day to file taxes 2013 Gastos procedentes del alquiler de bienes muebles el capítulo 12 . Last day to file taxes 2013 Determinados reintegros obligatorios de prestaciones suplementarias por desempleo (sub-pago) el capítulo 12 . Last day to file taxes 2013 Gastos por concepto de vivienda en el extranjero el capítulo 4 de la Publicación 54, Tax Guide for U. Last day to file taxes 2013 S. Last day to file taxes 2013 Citizens and Resident Aliens Abroad (Guía tributaria para ciudadanos estadounidenses y extranjeros residentes que viven en el extranjero), en inglés. Last day to file taxes 2013 Pago de servicio de juraduría que se le haya entregado a su empleador el capítulo 12 . Last day to file taxes 2013 Aportaciones hechas por determinados capellanes a planes conforme a la sección 403(b) del Código Federal de Impuestos Internos la Publicación 517, Social Security and Other Information for Members of the Clergy and Religious Workers (Seguro Social y otra información para miembros del clero y empleados religiosos), en inglés. Last day to file taxes 2013 Honorarios de abogado y determinados costos por acciones legales con respecto a reclamaciones por discriminación ilegal y premios a denunciantes dentro de su propia empresa la Publicación 525, en inglés. Last day to file taxes 2013 Deducción por actividades de producción nacional el Formulario 8903, Domestic Production Activities Deduction (Deducción por actividades de producción nacional), en inglés. Last day to file taxes 2013 Table of Contents 17. Last day to file taxes 2013   Arreglos de Ahorros para la Jubilación (Arreglos IRA)Qué Hay de Nuevo en el Año 2013 Recordatorios Introduction Useful Items - You may want to see: Arreglos IRA Tradicionales¿Quién Puede Abrir un Arreglo IRA Tradicional? ¿Cuándo y Cómo se Puede Abrir un Arreglo IRA Tradicional? ¿Cuánto se Puede Aportar? ¿Cuándo se Pueden Hacer Aportaciones? ¿Cuánto se Puede Deducir? Aportaciones no Deducibles Arreglos IRA Heredados ¿Puede Traspasar Activos de un Plan de Jubilación? ¿Cuándo Puede Retirar o Utilizar Activos de un Arreglo IRA? ¿Cuándo Tiene que Retirar Activos de un Arreglo IRA? (Distribuciones Mínimas Obligatorias) ¿Están Sujetas a Impuestos las Distribuciones? ¿Qué Acciones Dan Lugar a Multas o Impuestos Adicionales? Arreglos Roth IRA ¿Qué Es un Arreglo Roth IRA? ¿Cuándo se Puede Abrir un Arreglo Roth IRA? ¿Puede Hacer Aportaciones a un Arreglo Roth IRA? ¿Se Pueden Trasladar Activos a un Arreglo Roth IRA? ¿Están Sujetas a Impuestos las Distribuciones? 18. Last day to file taxes 2013   Pensión para el Cónyuge DivorciadoIntroductionCónyuge o ex cónyuge. Last day to file taxes 2013 Documento (instrumento) de divorcio o separación judicial. Last day to file taxes 2013 Useful Items - You may want to see: Reglas GeneralesPagos hipotecarios. Last day to file taxes 2013 Impuestos y seguro. Last day to file taxes 2013 Otros pagos a terceros. Last day to file taxes 2013 Documentos Firmados Después de 1984Pagos a terceros. Last day to file taxes 2013 Excepción. Last day to file taxes 2013 Pagos sustitutivos. Last day to file taxes 2013 Específicamente designado como pensión para hijos menores. Last day to file taxes 2013 Contingencia relacionada con su hijo. Last day to file taxes 2013 Pago claramente asociado con una contingencia. Last day to file taxes 2013 Cómo Deducir la Pensión para el Cónyuge Divorciado que Pagó Cómo Declarar la Pensión para el Cónyuge Divorciado Recibida Regla de Recuperación 19. Last day to file taxes 2013   Ajustes Tributarios por EstudiosIntroduction Useful Items - You may want to see: Deducción por Intereses sobre Préstamos de EstudiosDefinición de los Intereses sobre Préstamos de Estudios ¿Puede Reclamar la Deducción? ¿Cuánto Puede Deducir? ¿Cómo Calcular la Deducción? Deducción por Matrícula y Cuotas Escolares¿Puede Reclamar la Deducción? Gastos que Califican Estudiante que Reúne los Requisitos Quién Puede Reclamar los Gastos de un Dependiente Cuánto se Puede Deducir Gastos del Educador Prev  Up  Next   Home   More Online Publications
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Last day to file taxes 2013 Listed Property Table of Contents Topics - This chapter discusses: Useful Items - You may want to see: Listed Property DefinedPassenger Automobile Defined Dwelling Unit Other Property Used for Transportation Computers and Related Peripheral Equipment Predominant Use TestMeeting the Predominant Use Test Qualified Business Use Method of Allocating Use Applying the Predominant Use Test Deductions After Recovery Period Leased PropertyLessor Lessee What Records Must Be KeptAdequate Records Reporting Information on Form 4562 Deductions in Later Years Appendix Topics - This chapter discusses: Listed property defined The predominant use test What records must be kept Useful Items - You may want to see: Publication 463 Travel, Entertainment, and Gift Expenses 587 Business Use of Your Home (Including Use by Day-Care Providers) 917 Business Use of a Car 946 How To Depreciate Property Form (and Instructions) 2106–EZ Unreimbursed Employee Business Expenses 2106 Employee Business Expenses 4255 Recapture of Investment Credit 4562 Depreciation and Amortization This chapter discusses some special rules and recordkeeping requirements for listed property. Last day to file taxes 2013 For complete coverage of the rules, including the rules concerning passenger automobiles, see Publication 946. Last day to file taxes 2013 If listed property is not used predominantly (more than 50%) in a qualified business use as discussed inPredominant Use Test, later, the section 179 deduction is not allowable and the property must be depreciated using the straight line method. Last day to file taxes 2013 Listed Property Defined Listed property is any of the following: Any passenger automobile (defined later), Any other property used for transportation, Any property of a type generally used for entertainment, recreation, or amusement (including photographic, phonographic, communication, and video recording equipment), Any computer and related peripheral equipment, defined later, unless it is used only at a regular business establishment and owned or leased by the person operating the establishment. Last day to file taxes 2013 A regular business establishment includes a portion of a dwelling unit (defined later), if, and only if, that portion is used both regularly and exclusively for business as discussed in Publication 587. Last day to file taxes 2013 Any cellular telephone (or similar telecommunication equipment) placed in service or leased in a tax year beginning after 1989. Last day to file taxes 2013 Passenger Automobile Defined A passenger automobile is any four-wheeled vehicle made primarily for use on public streets, roads, and highways and rated at 6,000 pounds or less of unloaded gross vehicle weight (at 6,000 pounds or less of gross vehicle weight for trucks and vans). Last day to file taxes 2013 It includes any part, component, or other item physically attached to the automobile or usually included in the purchase price of an automobile. Last day to file taxes 2013 A passenger automobile does not include: An ambulance, hearse, or combination ambulance-hearse used directly in a trade or business, and A vehicle used directly in the trade or business of transporting persons or property for compensation or hire. Last day to file taxes 2013 Dwelling Unit A dwelling unit is a house or apartment used to provide living accommodations in a building or structure. Last day to file taxes 2013 It does not include a unit in a hotel, motel, inn, or other establishment where more than half the units are used on a transient basis. Last day to file taxes 2013 Other Property Used for Transportation Other property used for transportation includes trucks, buses, boats, airplanes, motorcycles, and any other vehicles for transporting persons or goods. Last day to file taxes 2013 Listed property does not include: Any vehicle which, by reason of its design, is not likely to be used more than a minimal amount for personal purposes, such as clearly marked police and fire vehicles, ambulances, or hearses used for those purposes, Any vehicle that is designed to carry cargo and that has a loaded gross vehicle weight over 14,000 pounds, bucket trucks (cherry pickers), cement mixers, combines, cranes and derricks, delivery trucks with seating only for the driver (or only for the driver plus a folding jump seat), dump trucks (including garbage trucks), flatbed trucks, forklifts, qualified moving vans, qualified specialized utility repair trucks, and refrigerated trucks, Any passenger bus used for that purpose with a capacity of at least 20 passengers and school buses, Any tractor or other special purpose farm vehicle, and unmarked vehicles used by law enforcement officers if the use is officially authorized, and Any vehicle, such as a taxicab, if substantially all its use is in the trade or business of providing services to transport persons or property for compensation or hire by unrelated persons. Last day to file taxes 2013 Computers and Related Peripheral Equipment A computer is a programmable electronically activated device that: Is capable of accepting information, applying prescribed processes to the information, and supplying the results of those processes with or without human intervention, and Consists of a central processing unit with extensive storage, logic, arithmetic, and control capabilities. Last day to file taxes 2013 Related peripheral equipment is any auxiliary machine which is designed to be controlled by the central processing unit of a computer. Last day to file taxes 2013 Computer or peripheral equipment does not include: Any equipment which is an integral part of property which is not a computer, Typewriters, calculators, adding and accounting machines, copiers, duplicating equipment, and similar equipment, and Equipment of a kind, used primarily for the user's amusement or entertainment, such as video games. Last day to file taxes 2013 Predominant Use Test If “listed property,” defined earlier, placed in service after June 18, 1984, is not used predominantly (more than 50%) in a qualified business use during any tax year: The section 179 deduction on the property is not allowable, and You must depreciate the property using the straight line method. Last day to file taxes 2013 Listed property placed in service before 1987. Last day to file taxes 2013   For listed property placed in service before 1987, depreciate the property over the following period: Class of Property Listed Property Recovery Period 3-year property 5 years 5-year property 12 years 10-year property 25 years 18-year real property 40 years 19-year real property 40 years If you must use the above recovery periods for listed property not used predominantly in a trade or business, use the percentages from Table 16 titled Listed Property Not Used Predominantly (Other Than 18- or 19-year Real Property), and Table 17 for 18- or 19-year real property, near the end of this publication in the Appendix. Last day to file taxes 2013 Listed property placed in service after 1986. Last day to file taxes 2013   For information on listed property placed in service after 1986, see Publication 946. Last day to file taxes 2013 Meeting the Predominant Use Test Listed property meets the predominant use test for any tax year if its business use is more than 50% of its total use. Last day to file taxes 2013 You must allocate the use of any item of listed property used for more than one purpose during the tax year among its various uses. Last day to file taxes 2013 The percentage of investment use of listed property cannot be used as part of the percentage of qualified business use to meet the predominant use test. Last day to file taxes 2013 However, the combined total of business and investment use is taken into account to figure your depreciation deduction for the property. Last day to file taxes 2013 Note: Property does not stop being predominantly used in a qualified business use because of a transfer at death. Last day to file taxes 2013 Example. Last day to file taxes 2013 Sarah Bradley uses a home computer 50% of the time to manage her investments. Last day to file taxes 2013 She also uses the computer 40% of the time in her part-time consumer research business. Last day to file taxes 2013 Sarah's home computer is listed property because it is not used at a regular business establishment. Last day to file taxes 2013 Because her business use of the computer does not exceed 50%, the computer is not predominantly used in a qualified business use for the tax year. Last day to file taxes 2013 Because she does not meet the predominant use test, she cannot elect a section 179 deduction for this property. Last day to file taxes 2013 Her combined rate of business/investment use for determining her depreciation deduction is 90%. Last day to file taxes 2013 Qualified Business Use A qualified business use is any use in your trade or business. Last day to file taxes 2013 However, it does not include: The use of property held merely to produce income (investment use), The leasing of property to any 5% owner or related person (to the point that the property is used by a 5% owner or person related to the owner or lessee of the property), The use of property as compensation for the performance of services by a 5% owner or related person, or The use of property as compensation for the performance of services by any person (other than a5% owner or related person) unless the value of the use is included in that person's gross income for the use of the property and income tax is withheld on that amount where required. Last day to file taxes 2013 See Employees, later. Last day to file taxes 2013 5% owner. Last day to file taxes 2013   A 5% owner of a business, other than a corporation, is any person who owns more than 5% of the capital or profits interest in the business. Last day to file taxes 2013   A 5% owner of a corporation is any person who owns, or is considered to own: More than 5% of the outstanding stock of the corporation, or Stock possessing more than 5% of the total combined voting power of all stock in the corporation. Last day to file taxes 2013 Related person. Last day to file taxes 2013   A related person is anyone related to a taxpayer as discussed under Related persons, in chapter 2 under Nonqualifying Property in Publication 946. Last day to file taxes 2013 Entertainment Use The use of listed property for entertainment, recreation, or amusement purposes is treated as a qualified business use only to the extent that expenses (other than interest and property tax expenses) for its use are deductible as ordinary and necessary business expenses. Last day to file taxes 2013 See Publication 463. Last day to file taxes 2013 Leasing or Compensatory Use of Aircraft If at least 25% of the total use of any aircraft during the tax year is for a qualified business use, the leasing or compensatory use of the aircraft by a 5% owner or related person is treated as a qualified business use. Last day to file taxes 2013 Commuting The use of a vehicle for commuting is not business use, regardless of whether work is performed during the trip. Last day to file taxes 2013 Use of Your Passenger Automobile by Another Person If someone else uses your automobile, that use is not business use unless: That use is directly connected with your business, The value of the use is property reported by you as income to the other person and tax is withheld on the income where required, or The value of the use results in a payment of fair market rent. Last day to file taxes 2013 Any payment to you for the use of the automobile is treated as a rent payment for 3). Last day to file taxes 2013 Employees Any use by an employee of his or her own listed property (or listed property rented by an employee) in performing services as an employee is not business use unless: The use is for the employer's convenience, and The use is required as a condition of employment. Last day to file taxes 2013 Use for the employer's convenience. Last day to file taxes 2013   Whether the use of listed property is for the employer's convenience must be determined from all the facts. Last day to file taxes 2013 The use is for the employer's convenience if it is for a substantial business reason of the employer. Last day to file taxes 2013 The use of listed property during the employee's regular working hours to carry on the employer's business is generally for the employer's convenience. Last day to file taxes 2013 Use required as a condition of employment. Last day to file taxes 2013   Whether the use of listed property is a condition of employment depends on all the facts and circumstances. Last day to file taxes 2013 The use of property must be required for the employee to perform duties properly. Last day to file taxes 2013 The employer need not explicitly require the employee to use the property. Last day to file taxes 2013 A mere statement by the employer that the use of the property is a condition of employment is not sufficient. Last day to file taxes 2013 Example 1. Last day to file taxes 2013 Virginia Sycamore is employed as a courier with We Deliver which provides local courier services. Last day to file taxes 2013 She owns and uses a motorcycle to deliver packages to downtown offices. Last day to file taxes 2013 We Deliver explicitly requires all delivery persons to own a small car or motorcycle for use in their employment. Last day to file taxes 2013 The company reimburses delivery persons for their costs. Last day to file taxes 2013 Virginia's use of the motorcycle is for the convenience of We Deliver and is required as a condition of employment. Last day to file taxes 2013 Example 2. Last day to file taxes 2013 Bill Nelson is an inspector for Uplift, a construction company with many sites in the local area. Last day to file taxes 2013 He must travel to these sites on a regular basis. Last day to file taxes 2013 Uplift does not furnish an automobile or explicitly require him to use his own automobile. Last day to file taxes 2013 However, it reimburses him for any costs he incurs in traveling to the various sites. Last day to file taxes 2013 The use of his own automobile or a rental automobile is for the convenience of Uplift and is required as a condition of employment. Last day to file taxes 2013 Method of Allocating Use For passenger automobiles and other means of transportation, allocate the property's use on the basis of mileage. Last day to file taxes 2013 You determine the percentage of qualified business use by dividing the number of miles the vehicle is driven for business purposes during the year by the total number of miles the vehicle is driven for all purposes (including business miles) during the year. Last day to file taxes 2013 For other items of listed property, allocate the property's use on the basis of the most appropriate unit of time. Last day to file taxes 2013 For example, you can determine the percentage of business use of a computer by dividing the number of hours the computer is used for business purposes during the year by the total number of hours the computer is used for all purposes (including business hours) during the year. Last day to file taxes 2013 Applying the Predominant Use Test You must apply the predominant use test for an item of listed property each year of the recovery period. Last day to file taxes 2013 First Recovery Year If any item of listed property is not used predominantly in a qualified business use in the year it is placed in service: The property is not eligible for a section 179 deduction, and The depreciation deduction must be figured using the straight line method. Last day to file taxes 2013 Note: The required use of the straight line method for an item of listed property that does not meet the predominant use test is not the same as electing the straight line method. Last day to file taxes 2013 It does not mean that you have to use the straight line method for other property in the same class as the item of listed property. Last day to file taxes 2013 Years After the First Recovery Year If you use listed property predominantly (more than 50%) in a qualified business use in the tax year you place it in service, but not in a subsequent tax year during the recovery period, the following rules apply: Figure depreciation using the straight line method. Last day to file taxes 2013 Do this for each year, beginning with the year you no longer use the property predominantly in a qualified business use, and Figure any excess depreciation on the property and add it to: Your gross income, and The adjusted basis of your property. Last day to file taxes 2013 See Recapture of excess depreciation, next. Last day to file taxes 2013 Recapture of excess depreciation. Last day to file taxes 2013   You must include any excess depreciation in your gross income for the first tax year the property is not predominantly used in a qualified business use. Last day to file taxes 2013 Any excess depreciation must also be added to the adjusted basis of your property. Last day to file taxes 2013 Excess depreciation is the excess (if any) of: The amount of depreciation allowable for the property (including any section 179 deduction claimed) for tax years before the first tax year the property was not predominantly used in a qualified business use, over The amount of depreciation that would have been allowable for those years if the property were not used predominantly in a qualified business use for the year it was placed in service. Last day to file taxes 2013 This means you figure your depreciation using the percentages fromTable 16 or 17. Last day to file taxes 2013 For information on investment credit recapture, see the instructions for Form 4255. Last day to file taxes 2013 Deductions After Recovery Period When listed property (other than passenger automobiles) is used for business, investment, and personal purposes, no deduction is ever allowable for the personal use. Last day to file taxes 2013 In tax years after the recovery period, you must determine if there is any unrecovered basis remaining before you compute the depreciation deduction for that tax year. Last day to file taxes 2013 To make this determination, figure the depreciation for earlier tax years as if your property were used 100% for business or investment purposes, beginning with the first tax year in which some or all use is for business or investment. Last day to file taxes 2013 See Car Used 50% or Less for Business in Publication 917. Last day to file taxes 2013 Leased Property The limitations on cost recovery deductions apply to the rental of listed property. Last day to file taxes 2013 The following discussion covers the rules that apply to the lessor (the owner of the property) and the lessee (the person who rents the property from the owner). Last day to file taxes 2013 SeeLeasing a Car in Publication 917 for a discussion of leased passenger automobiles. Last day to file taxes 2013 Lessor The limitations on cost recovery generally do not apply to any listed property leased or held for leasing by anyone regularly engaged in the business of leasing listed property. Last day to file taxes 2013 A person is considered regularly engaged in the business of leasing listed property only if contracts for leasing of listed property are entered into with some frequency over a continuous period of time. Last day to file taxes 2013 This determination is made on the basis of the facts and circumstances in each case and takes into account the nature of the person's business in its entirety. Last day to file taxes 2013 Occasional or incidental leasing activity is insufficient. Last day to file taxes 2013 For example, a person leasing only one passenger automobile during a tax year is not regularly engaged in the business of leasing automobiles. Last day to file taxes 2013 An employer who allows an employee to use the employer's property for personal purposes and charges the employee for the use is not regularly engaged in the business of leasing the property used by the employee. Last day to file taxes 2013 Lessee A lessee of listed property (other than passenger automobiles), must include an amount in gross income called the inclusion amount for the first tax year the property is not used predominantly in a qualified business use. Last day to file taxes 2013 Inclusion amount for property leased before 1987. Last day to file taxes 2013   You determine the inclusion amount for property leased after June 18, 1984 and before 1987 by multiplying the fair market value of the property by both the average business/investment use percentage and the applicable percentage. Last day to file taxes 2013 You can find the applicable percentages for listed property that is 5- or 10-year recovery property in Tables 19 or 20 in Appendix A of Publication 946. Last day to file taxes 2013   The lease term for listed property other than 18- or 19-year real property, and residential rental or nonresidential real property, includes options to renew. Last day to file taxes 2013 For 18- or 19-year real property and residential rental or nonresidential real property that is listed property, the period of the lease does not include any option to renew at fair market value, determined at the time of renewal. Last day to file taxes 2013 You treat two or more successive leases that are part of the same transaction (or a series of related transactions) for the same or substantially similar property as one lease. Last day to file taxes 2013 Special rules. Last day to file taxes 2013   The lessee adds the inclusion amount to gross income in the next tax year if: The lease term begins within 9 months before the close of the lessee's tax year, The lessee does not use the property predominantly in a qualified business use during that portion of the tax year, and The lease term continues into the lessee's next tax year. Last day to file taxes 2013 The lessee determines the inclusion amount by taking into account the average of the business/investment use for both tax years and the applicable percentage for the tax year the lease term begins. Last day to file taxes 2013   If the lease term is less than one year, the amount included in gross income is the amount that bears the same ratio to the additional inclusion amount as the number of days in the lease term bears to 365. Last day to file taxes 2013 Maximum inclusion amount. Last day to file taxes 2013   The inclusion amount cannot be more than the sum of the deductible amounts of rent allocable to the lessee's tax year in which the amount must be included in gross income. Last day to file taxes 2013 What Records Must Be Kept You cannot take any depreciation or section 179 deduction for the use of listed property (including passenger automobiles) unless you can prove business/investment use with adequate records or sufficient evidence to support your own statements. Last day to file taxes 2013 How long to keep records. Last day to file taxes 2013   For listed property, records must be kept for as long as any excess depreciation can be recaptured (included in income). Last day to file taxes 2013 Adequate Records To meet the adequate records requirement, you must maintain an account book, diary, log, statement of expense, trip sheet, or similar record or other documentary evidence that, together with the receipt, is sufficient to establish each element of an expenditure or use. Last day to file taxes 2013 It is not necessary to record information in an account book, diary, or similar record if the information is already shown on the receipt. Last day to file taxes 2013 However, your records should back up your receipts in an orderly manner. Last day to file taxes 2013 Elements of Expenditure or Use The records or other documentary evidence must support: The amount of each separate expenditure, such as the cost of acquiring the item, maintenance and repair costs, capital improvement costs, lease payments, and any other expenses, The amount of each business and investment use (based on an appropriate measure, such as mileage for vehicles and time for other listed property), and the total use of the property for the tax year, The date of the expenditure or use, and The business or investment purpose for the expenditure or use. Last day to file taxes 2013 Written documents of your expenditure or use are generally better evidence than oral statements alone. Last day to file taxes 2013 A written record prepared at or near the time of the expenditure or use has greater value as proof of the expenditure or use. Last day to file taxes 2013 A daily log is not required. Last day to file taxes 2013 However, some type of record containing the elements of an expenditure or the business or investment use of listed property made at or near the time and backed up by other documents is preferable to a statement prepared later. Last day to file taxes 2013 Timeliness The elements of an expenditure or use must be recorded at the time you have full knowledge of the elements. Last day to file taxes 2013 An expense account statement made from an account book, diary, or similar record prepared or maintained at or near the time of the expenditure or use is generally considered a timely record if in the regular course of business: The statement is submitted by an employee to the employer, or The statement is submitted by an independent contractor to the client or customer. Last day to file taxes 2013 For example, a log maintained on a weekly basis, which accounts for use during the week, will be considered a record made at or near the time of use. Last day to file taxes 2013 Business Purpose Supported An adequate record of business purpose must generally be in the form of a written statement. Last day to file taxes 2013 However, the amount of backup necessary to establish a business purpose depends on the facts and circumstances of each case. Last day to file taxes 2013 A written explanation of the business purpose will not be required if the purpose can be determined from the surrounding facts and circumstances. Last day to file taxes 2013 For example, a salesperson visiting customers on an established sales route will not normally need a written explanation of the business purpose of his or her travel. Last day to file taxes 2013 Business Use Supported An adequate record contains enough information on each element of every business or investment use. Last day to file taxes 2013 The amount of detail required to support the use depends on the facts and circumstances. Last day to file taxes 2013 For example, a taxpayer whose only business use of a truck is to make customer deliveries on an established route can satisfy the requirement by recording the length of the route, including the total number of miles driven during the tax year and the date of each trip at or near the time of the trips. Last day to file taxes 2013 Although an adequate record generally must be written, a record of the business use of listed property, such as a computer or automobile, can be prepared in a computer memory device using a logging program. Last day to file taxes 2013 Separate or Combined Expenditures or Uses Each use by you is normally considered a separate use. Last day to file taxes 2013 However, repeated uses can be combined as a single item. Last day to file taxes 2013 Each expenditure is recorded as a separate item and not combined with other expenditures. Last day to file taxes 2013 If you choose, however, amounts spent for the use of listed property during a tax year, such as for gasoline or automobile repairs, can be combined. Last day to file taxes 2013 If these expenses are combined, you do not need to support the business purpose of each expense. Last day to file taxes 2013 Instead, you can divide the expenses based on the total business use of the listed property. Last day to file taxes 2013 Uses which can be considered part of a single use, such as a round trip or uninterrupted business use, can be accounted for by a single record. Last day to file taxes 2013 For example, use of a truck to make deliveries at several locations which begin and end at the business premises and can include a stop at the business in between deliveries can be accounted for by a single record of miles driven. Last day to file taxes 2013 Use of a passenger automobile by a salesperson for a business trip away from home over a period of time can be accounted for by a single record of miles traveled. Last day to file taxes 2013 Minimal personal use (such as a stop for lunch between two business stops) is not an interruption of business use. Last day to file taxes 2013 Confidential Information If any of the information on the elements of an expenditure or use is confidential, it does not need to be in the account book or similar record if it is recorded at or near the time of the expenditure or use. Last day to file taxes 2013 It must be kept elsewhere and made available as support to the district director on request. Last day to file taxes 2013 Substantial Compliance If you have not fully supported a particular element of an expenditure or use, but have complied with the adequate records requirement for the expenditure or use to the district director's satisfaction, you can establish this element by any evidence the district director deems adequate. Last day to file taxes 2013 If you fail to establish that you have substantially complied with the adequate records requirement for an element of an expenditure or use to the district director's satisfaction, you must establish the element: By your own oral or written statement containing detailed information as to the element, and By other evidence sufficient to establish the element. Last day to file taxes 2013 If the element is the cost or amount, time, place, or date of an expenditure or use, its supporting evidence must be direct, such as oral testimony by witnesses or a written statement setting forth detailed information about the element or the documentary evidence. Last day to file taxes 2013 If the element is the business purpose of an expenditure, its supporting evidence can be circumstantial evidence. Last day to file taxes 2013 Sampling You can maintain an adequate record for portions of a tax year and use that record to support your business and investment use for the entire tax year if it can be shown by other evidence that the periods for which an adequate record is maintained are representative of use throughout the year. Last day to file taxes 2013 Loss of Records When you establish that failure to produce adequate records is due to loss of the records through circumstances beyond your control, such as through fire, flood, earthquake, or other casualty, you have the right to support a deduction by reasonable reconstruction of your expenditures and use. Last day to file taxes 2013 Reporting Information on Form 4562 If you claim a deduction for any listed property, you must provide the requested information on page 2, Section B of Form 4562. Last day to file taxes 2013 If you claim a deduction for any vehicle, you must answer certain questions onpage 2 of Form 4562 to provide information about the vehicle use. Last day to file taxes 2013 Employees. Last day to file taxes 2013   Employees claiming the standard mileage rate or actual expenses (including depreciation) must use Form 2106 instead of Part V of Form 4562. Last day to file taxes 2013 Employees claiming the standard mileage rate may be able to use Form 2106–EZ. Last day to file taxes 2013 Employer who provides vehicles to employees. Last day to file taxes 2013   An employer who provides vehicles to employees must obtain enough information from those employees to provide the requested information onForm 4562. Last day to file taxes 2013   An employer who provides more than five vehicles to employees need not include any information on his or her tax return. Last day to file taxes 2013 Instead, the employer must obtain the information from his or her employees and indicate on his or her return that the information was obtained and is being retained. Last day to file taxes 2013   You do not need to provide the information requested on page 2 of Form 4562 if, as an employer: You can satisfy the requirements of a written policy statement for vehicles either not used for personal purposes, or not used for personal purposes other than commuting, or You treat all vehicle use by employees as personal use. Last day to file taxes 2013 See the instructions for Form 4562. Last day to file taxes 2013 Deductions in Later Years When listed property is used for business, investment, and personal purposes, no deduction is allowable for its personal use either in the current year or any later tax year. Last day to file taxes 2013 In later years, you must determine if there is any remaining unadjusted or unrecovered basis before you compute the depreciation deduction for that tax year. Last day to file taxes 2013 In making this determination, figure the depreciation deductions for earlier tax years as if the listed property were used 100% for business or investment purposes in those years, beginning with the first tax year in which some or all of the property use is for business or investment. Last day to file taxes 2013 For more information about deductions after the recovery period for automobiles, see Publication 917. Last day to file taxes 2013 Appendix The following tables are for use in figuring depreciation deductions under the ACRS system. Last day to file taxes 2013 Table 1. Last day to file taxes 2013 15-Year Real Property* (Other Than Low-Inclome Housing) Table 3. Last day to file taxes 2013 Low-Income Housing* Table 6 - Table 9 Table 6 - Table 9 Table 10 - Table 13 Table 14 - Table 17 Prev  Up  Next   Home   More Online Publications