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New tax Publication 3 - Main Content Table of Contents Gross IncomeForeign Source Income Military Spouses Residency Relief Act (MSRRA) Community Property Form W-2 Codes Adjustments to IncomeArmed Forces Reservists Individual Retirement Arrangements Moving Expenses Combat Zone ExclusionCombat Zone Serving in a Combat Zone Amount of Exclusion Alien StatusResident Aliens Nonresident Aliens Dual-Status Aliens Sale of HomePeriod of suspension. New tax Qualified official extended duty. New tax ForeclosuresLump Sum Portion of Settlement Payment. New tax Interest Payment on Lump Sum Portion of Settlement Payment. New tax Lost Equity Portion of Settlement Payment. New tax The rules that apply to a lost equity payment you received for the foreclosure of a property that was not your main home are different. New tax Interest Payment on Lost Equity Portion of Settlement Payment. New tax Itemized DeductionsEmployee Business Expenses Repayments CreditsFirst-Time Homebuyer Credit Child Tax Credit Earned Income Credit Credit for Excess Social Security Tax Withheld Forgiveness of Decedent's Tax LiabilityCombat Zone Related Forgiveness Terrorist or Military Action Related Forgiveness Claims for Tax Forgiveness Filing ReturnsSame-Sex Marriage Where To File When To File Signing Returns Extension of DeadlinesService That Qualifies for an Extension of Deadline Length of Extension Actions for Which Deadlines Are Extended Deferral of Payment Maximum Rate of Interest How To Get Tax HelpLow Income Taxpayer Clinics Gross Income Members of the Armed Forces receive many different types of pay and allowances. New tax Some are included in gross income while others are excluded from gross income. New tax Included items (Table 1) are subject to tax and must be reported on your tax return. New tax Excluded items (Table 2) are not subject to tax, but may have to be shown on your tax return. New tax For information on the exclusion of pay for service in a combat zone and other tax benefits for combat zone participants, see Combat Zone Exclusion and Extension of Deadlines , later. New tax Table 1. New tax Included Items These items are included in gross income, unless the pay is for service in a combat zone. New tax Basic pay • Active duty   Bonus pay • Career status   • Attendance at a designated service school     • Enlistment  • Officer   • Back wages     • Overseas extension   • CONUS COLA       • Reenlistment   • Drills         • Reserve training         • Training duty   Other pay  • Accrued leave          • High deployment per diem Special • Aviation career incentives      • Personal money allowances paid to pay • Career sea     high-ranking officers   • Diving duty      • Student loan repayment from programs   • Foreign duty (outside the 48 contiguous     such as the Department of Defense   states and the District of Columbia)     Educational Loan Repayment Program   • Foreign language proficiency     when year's service (requirement) is not   • Hardship duty     attributable to a combat zone   • Hostile fire or imminent danger         • Medical and dental officers   Incentive pay  • Submarine   • Nuclear-qualified officers      • Flight   • Optometry      • Hazardous duty   • Pharmacy      • High altitude/Low Opening (HALO)   • Special compensation for assistance with activities of daily living (SCAADL)         • Special duty assignment pay         • Veterinarian         • Voluntary Separation Incentive       Basic allowance for housing (BAH). New tax   You can still deduct mortgage interest and real estate taxes on your home if you pay these expenses with your BAH. New tax Table 2. New tax Excluded Items The exclusion for certain items applies whether the item is furnished in kind or is a reimbursement or allowance. New tax There is no exclusion for the personal use of a government-provided vehicle. New tax Combat  zone pay • Compensation for active service while in a combat zone Note: Limited amount for officers     • Housing and cost-of-living allowances abroad paid by the U. New tax S. New tax Government or by a foreign government         • OHA (Overseas Housing Allowance)                     Other pay • Defense counseling         • Disability, including payments received for injuries incurred as a direct result of a terrorist or military action         • Group-term life insurance   Moving • Dislocation   • Professional education   allowances • Military base realignment and   • ROTC educational and subsistence     closure benefit    allowances     (the exclusion is limited as   • State bonus pay for service in a     described above)   combat zone     • Move-in housing   • Survivor and retirement protection     • Moving household and   plan premiums     personal items   • Uniform allowances     • Moving trailers or mobile homes   • Uniforms furnished to enlisted     • Storage   personnel     • Temporary lodging and         temporary lodging expenses                 Travel • Annual round trip for dependent Death • Burial services   allowances students allowances • Death gratuity payments to     • Leave between consecutive   eligible survivors     overseas tours   • Travel of dependents to burial site     • Reassignment in a dependent         restricted status Family • Certain educational expenses for     • Transportation for you or your allowances dependents     dependents during ship overhaul   • Emergencies     or inactivation   • Evacuation to a place of safety     • Per diem   • Separation             In-kind military • Dependent-care assistance program Living • BAH (Basic Allowance for Housing)   benefits • Legal assistance allowances • BAS (Basic Allowance for Subsistence)     • Medical/dental care         • Commissary/exchange discounts         • Space-available travel on government aircraft           Death gratuity. New tax   Any death gratuity paid to a survivor of a member of the Armed Forces is excluded from gross income. New tax Differential wage payments. New tax   Differential wage payments are any payments made by an employer to an individual for a period during which the individual is performing service in the uniformed services while on active duty for a period of more than 30 days and that represent all or a portion of the wages the individual would have received from the employer if the individual was performing services for the employer. New tax These amounts are taxable and cannot be excluded as combat pay. New tax Military base realignment and closure benefit. New tax   Payments made under the Homeowners Assistance Program (HAP) generally are excluded from income. New tax However, the excludable amount cannot be more than the maximum amount described in subsection (c) of 42 USC 3374 as in effect on November 6, 2009. New tax Any part of the payment that is more than this limit is included in gross income. New tax For more information about the HAP, see http://hap. New tax usace. New tax army. New tax mil/Overview. New tax html. New tax Qualified reservist distribution (QRD). New tax   A QRD is a distribution to an individual of all or part of the individual's balance in a cafeteria plan or health flexible spending arrangement if: The individual was a reservist who was ordered or called to active duty for more than 179 days or for an indefinite period, and The distribution is made no sooner than the date the reservist was ordered or called to active duty and no later than the last day reimbursements could otherwise be made under the arrangement for the plan year which includes the date of the order or the call to duty. New tax A QRD is included in gross income and is subject to employment taxes. New tax The employer must include the QRD (reduced by after-tax contributions to the health flexible spending arrangement) as wages on Form W-2, Wage and Tax Statement. New tax Thrift Savings Plan (TSP) distributions. New tax   If you participate in the Uniformed Services TSP and receive a distribution from your account, the distribution is generally included in your taxable income. New tax   If your contributions included tax-exempt combat zone pay, the part of the distribution attributable to those contributions is tax exempt. New tax However, the earnings on the tax-exempt portion of the distribution are taxable. New tax The TSP will provide a statement showing the taxable and non-taxable portions of the distribution. New tax Roth Thrift Savings Plan (TSP) balance. New tax   You may be able to contribute to a designated Roth Account through the TSP known as the Roth TSP. New tax Roth TSP contributions are after-tax contributions, subject to the same contribution limits as the traditional TSP. New tax Qualified distributions from a Roth TSP are not included in your income. New tax For more details, see Thrift Savings Accounts in Part II of Publication 721, Tax Guide to U. New tax S. New tax Civil Service Retirement Benefits. New tax State bonus payments. New tax   Bonus payments made by a state (or a political subdivision thereof) to a member or former member of the uniformed services of the United States or to a dependent of such member are considered combat pay (and therefore may not be taxable) if the payments are made only because of the member's service in a combat zone. New tax See Combat Zone , later, for a list of designated combat zones. New tax Foreign Source Income If you are a U. New tax S. New tax citizen with income from sources outside the United States (foreign income), you must report all of that income (except for amounts that U. New tax S. New tax law allows you to exclude) on your tax return. New tax This is true whether you reside inside or outside the United States and whether or not you receive a Form W-2 or a Form 1099. New tax This applies to earned income (such as wages and tips) as well as unearned income (such as interest, dividends, capital gains, pensions, rents, and royalties). New tax Certain taxpayers can exclude income earned in foreign countries. New tax For 2013, this exclusion amount can be as much as $97,600. New tax However, the foreign earned income exclusion does not apply to the wages and salaries of military and civilian employees of the U. New tax S. New tax Government. New tax Employees of the U. New tax S. New tax Government include those who work at United States Armed Forces exchanges, commissioned and noncommissioned officers' messes, Armed Forces motion picture services, and similar personnel. New tax Other foreign income earned by military personnel or their spouses may be eligible for the foreign earned income exclusion. New tax For more information on the exclusion, see Publication 54. New tax Residents of American Samoa may be able to exclude income from American Samoa. New tax This possession exclusion does not apply to wages and salaries of military and civilian employees of the U. New tax S. New tax Government. New tax If you need information on the possession exclusion, see Publication 570, Tax Guide for Individuals With Income From U. New tax S. New tax Possessions. New tax Military Spouses Residency Relief Act (MSRRA) If you are the civilian spouse of an active duty U. New tax S. New tax military servicemember and your domicile is the same as the servicemember's, you can choose to keep your prior residence or domicile for tax purposes when you accompany the servicemember spouse, who is relocating under military orders to a new duty station in one of the 50 states, the District of Columbia, or a U. New tax S. New tax possession. New tax See Publication 570 for more information. New tax Domicile. New tax   Your domicile is the permanent legal home you intend to use for an indefinite or unlimited period, and to which, when absent, you intend to return. New tax It is not always where you presently live. New tax Community Property The pay you earn as a member of the Armed Forces may be subject to community property laws depending on your marital status, your domicile, and the nature of the payment. New tax The community property states are Arizona, California, Idaho, Louisiana, Nevada, New Mexico, Texas, Washington, and Wisconsin. New tax Marital status. New tax   Community property rules apply to married persons whose domicile during the tax year was in a community property state. New tax The rules may affect your tax liability if you file separate returns or are divorced during the year. New tax Nevada, Washington, and California domestic partners. New tax   A registered domestic partner in Nevada, Washington, or California generally must report half the combined income of the individual and his or her domestic partner. New tax See Form 8958 and Publication 555, Community Property. New tax Nature of the payment. New tax   Active duty military pay is subject to community property laws. New tax Armed Forces retired or retainer pay may be subject to community property laws. New tax   For more information on community property laws, see Publication 555. New tax Form W-2 Codes Form W-2 shows your total pay and other compensation and the income tax, social security tax, and Medicare tax that was withheld during the year. New tax Form W-2 also shows other amounts that you may find important in box 12. New tax The amounts shown in box 12 are generally preceded by a code. New tax A list of codes used in box 12 is shown, next. New tax Form W-2 Reference Guide for Box 12 Codes A Uncollected social security or RRTA J Nontaxable sick pay T Adoption benefits   tax on tips             K 20% excise tax on excess golden V Income from exercise of B Uncollected Medicare tax on tips   parachute payments   nonstatutory stock option(s)             C Taxable cost of group-term life L Substantiated employee business W Employer contributions (including   insurance over $50,000   expense reimbursements   employee contributions through a           cafeteria plan) to an employee's D Elective deferrals under a section M Uncollected social security or RRTA   health savings account (HSA)   401(k) cash or deferred arrangement   tax on taxable cost of group-term life       plan (including a SIMPLE 401(k)   insurance over $50,000 (former Y Deferrals under a section 409A   arrangement)   employees only)   nonqualified deferred           compensation plan E Elective deferrals under a section N Uncollected Medicare tax on taxable       403(b) salary reduction agreement   cost of group-term life insurance Z Income under section 409A on a       over $50,000 (former employees only)   nonqualified deferred F Elective deferrals under a section       compensation plan   408(k)(6) salary reduction SEP P Excludable moving expense           reimbursements paid directly to AA Designated Roth contributions G Elective deferrals and employer   employee   under a section 401(k) plan   contributions (including nonelective           deferrals) to a section 457(b) Q Nontaxable combat pay BB Designated Roth contributions   deferred compensation plan       under a section 403(b) plan     R Employer contributions to an Archer     H Elective deferrals to a section   MSA DD Cost of employer-sponsored   501(c)(18)(D) tax-exempt       health coverage   organization plan S Employee salary reduction contributions under a section 408(p) SIMPLE  EE  Designated Roth contributions under a governmental section 457(b) plan  Note. New tax For more information on these codes, see your Form(s) W-2. New tax Adjustments to Income Adjusted gross income is your total income minus certain adjustments. New tax The following adjustments are of particular interest to members of the Armed Forces. New tax Armed Forces Reservists If you are a member of a reserve component of the Armed Forces and you travel more than 100 miles away from home in connection with your performance of services as a member of the reserves, you can deduct your unreimbursed travel expenses as an adjustment to income on line 24 of Form 1040, U. New tax S. New tax Individual Income Tax Return, rather than as a miscellaneous itemized deduction. New tax Include all unreimbursed expenses from the time you leave home until the time you return home. New tax The deduction is limited to the amount the federal government generally reimburses its employees for travel expenses. New tax For more information about this limit, see Per Diem and Car Allowances in chapter 6 of Publication 463. New tax Member of a reserve component. New tax   You are a member of a reserve component of the Armed Forces if you are in the Army, Navy, Marine Corps, Air Force, or Coast Guard Reserve, the Army National Guard of the United States, the Air National Guard of the United States, or the Reserve Corps of the Public Health Service. New tax How to report. New tax   If you have reserve-related travel that takes you more than 100 miles from home, you should first complete Form 2106, Employee Business Expenses, or Form 2106-EZ, Unreimbursed Employee Business Expenses. New tax Then enter on Form 1040, line 24, the part of your expenses, up to the federal rate, included on Form 2106, line 10, or Form 2106-EZ, line 6, that is for reserve-related travel more than 100 miles from your home. New tax Subtract this amount from the total on Form 2106, line 10, or Form 2106-EZ, line 6, and deduct the balance as an itemized deduction on Schedule A (Form 1040), line 21. New tax Example. New tax Captain Harris, a member of the Army Reserve, traveled to a location 220 miles from his home to perform his work in the reserves in April 2013. New tax He incurred $1,549 of unreimbursed expenses consisting of $249 for mileage (440 miles × 56. New tax 5 cents per mile), $300 for meals, and $1,000 for lodging. New tax He also had other deductible mileage expenses of $110 for several trips to a location 20 miles from his home. New tax Only 50% of his meal expenses are deductible. New tax He shows his total deductible travel expenses of $1,509 ($249 + $150 (50% of $300) + $1,000 + $110) on Form 2106, line 10. New tax He enters the $1,399 ($249 + $150 + $1,000) for travel over 100 miles from home on Form 1040, line 24. New tax He then subtracts that $1,399 from the amount on Form 2106, $1,509, and enters $110 on Schedule A (Form 1040), line 21. New tax Individual Retirement Arrangements Generally, you can deduct the lesser of the contributions to your traditional individual retirement arrangement (IRA) for the year or the general limit (or spousal IRA limit, if applicable). New tax However, if you or your spouse was covered by an employer-maintained retirement plan at any time during the year for which contributions were made, you may not be able to deduct all of the contributions. New tax The Form W-2 you or your spouse receives from an employer has a box used to indicate whether you were covered for the year. New tax The “Retirement plan” box should have a mark in it if you were covered. New tax For purposes of a deduction for contributions to a traditional IRA, Armed Forces members (including reservists on active duty for more than 90 days during the year) are considered covered by an employer-maintained retirement plan. New tax Individuals serving in the U. New tax S. New tax Armed Forces or in support of the U. New tax S. New tax Armed Forces in designated combat zones have additional time to make a qualified retirement contribution to an IRA. New tax For more information on this extension of deadline provision, see Extension of Deadlines , later. New tax For more information on IRAs, see Publication 590. New tax Combat Pay For IRA purposes, your compensation includes nontaxable combat pay. New tax This means that even though you do not have to include the combat pay in your gross income, you do include it in your compensation when figuring the limits on contributions and deductions of contributions to IRAs. New tax Qualified Reservist Distributions A qualified reservist distribution is defined below. New tax It is not subject to the 10% additional tax on early distributions from certain retirement plans. New tax Definition. New tax   A distribution you receive is a qualified reservist distribution if the following requirements are met. New tax You were ordered or called to active duty after September 11, 2001. New tax You were ordered or called to active duty for a period of more than 179 days or for an indefinite period because you are a member of a reserve component (see Member of a reserve component , earlier, under Armed Forces Reservists. New tax ) The distribution is from an IRA or from amounts attributable to elective deferrals under a section 401(k) or 403(b) plan or a similar arrangement. New tax The distribution was made no earlier than the date of the order or call to active duty and no later than the close of the active duty period. New tax Qualified Reservist Repayments You may be able to contribute (repay) to an IRA amounts equal to any qualified reservist distributions (defined earlier) you received. New tax You can make these repayment contributions even if they would cause your total contributions to the IRA to be more than the general limit on contributions. New tax You make these repayment contributions to an IRA, even if you received the qualified reservist distribution from a section 401(k) or 403(b) plan or a similar arrangement. New tax Limit. New tax   Your qualified reservist repayments cannot be more than your qualified reservist distributions. New tax When repayment contributions can be made. New tax   You cannot make these repayment contributions after the date that is 2 years after your active duty period ends. New tax No deduction. New tax   You cannot deduct qualified reservist repayments. New tax Figuring your IRA deduction. New tax   The repayment of qualified reservist distributions does not affect the amount you can deduct as an IRA contribution. New tax Reporting the repayment. New tax   If you repay a qualified reservist distribution, include the amount of the repayment with nondeductible contributions on line 1 of Form 8606, Nondeductible IRAs. New tax Moving Expenses To deduct moving expenses, you generally must meet certain time and distance tests. New tax However, if you are a member of the Armed Forces on active duty and you move because of a permanent change of station, you do not have to meet these tests. New tax You can deduct your unreimbursed moving expenses on Form 3903. New tax Permanent change of station. New tax   A permanent change of station includes: A move from your home to your first post of active duty, A move from one permanent post of duty to another, and A move from your last post of duty to your home or to a nearer point in the United States. New tax The move must occur within 1 year of ending your active duty or within the period allowed under the Joint Federal Travel Regulations. New tax Spouse and dependents. New tax   If you are the spouse or dependent of a member of the Armed Forces who deserts, is imprisoned, or dies, a permanent change of station for you includes a move to: The member's place of enlistment or induction, Your, or the member's, home of record, or A nearer point in the United States. New tax   If the military moves you to or from a different location than the member, the moves are treated as a single move to your new main job location. New tax Services or reimbursements provided by the government. New tax   Do not include in your income the value of moving and storage services provided by the government because of a permanent change of station. New tax Similarly, do not include in income amounts received as a dislocation allowance, temporary lodging expense, temporary lodging allowance, or move-in housing allowance. New tax   Generally, if the total reimbursements or allowances that you receive from the government because of the move are more than your actual moving expenses, the excess is included in your wages on Form W-2. New tax However, if any reimbursements or allowances (other than dislocation, temporary lodging, temporary lodging expense, or move-in housing allowances) exceed the cost of moving and the excess is not included in your wages on Form W-2, the excess still must be included in gross income on Form 1040, line 7. New tax   Use Form 3903 to deduct qualified expenses that exceed your reimbursements and allowances (including dislocation, temporary lodging, temporary lodging expense, or move-in housing allowances that are excluded from gross income). New tax   If you must relocate and your spouse and dependents move to or from a different location, do not include in income reimbursements, allowances, or the value of moving and storage services provided by the government to move you and your spouse and dependents to and from the separate locations. New tax   Do not deduct any expenses for moving services that were provided by the government. New tax Also, do not deduct any expenses that were reimbursed by an allowance you did not include in income. New tax Deductible Moving Expenses If you move because of a permanent change of station, you can deduct the reasonable unreimbursed expenses of moving you and members of your household. New tax You can deduct expenses (if not reimbursed or furnished in kind) for: Moving household goods and personal effects, and Travel. New tax Moving household goods and personal effects. New tax   You can deduct the expenses of moving your household goods and personal effects, including expenses for hauling a trailer, packing, crating, in-transit storage, and insurance. New tax You cannot deduct expenses for moving furniture or other goods you bought on the way from your old home to your new home. New tax Storing and insuring household goods and personal effects. New tax   You can include only the cost of storing and insuring your household goods and personal effects within any period of 30 consecutive days after the day these goods and effects are moved from your former home and before they are delivered to your new home. New tax Travel. New tax   You can deduct the expenses of traveling (including lodging but not meals) from your old home to your new home, including car expenses and air fare. New tax You can deduct as car expenses either: Your actual out-of-pocket expenses such as gas and oil, or The standard mileage rate of 24 cents a mile. New tax   You can add parking fees and tolls to the amount claimed under either method. New tax You cannot deduct any expenses for meals. New tax You cannot deduct the cost of unnecessary side trips or lavish and extravagant lodging. New tax Member of your household. New tax   A member of your household is anyone who has both your former home and your new home as his or her main home. New tax It does not include a tenant or employee unless you can claim that person as a dependent. New tax Foreign Moves A foreign move is a move from the United States or its possessions to a foreign country or from one foreign country to another foreign country. New tax A move from a foreign country to the United States or its possessions is not a foreign move. New tax For a foreign move, the deductible moving expenses described earlier are expanded to include the reasonable expenses of: Moving your household goods and personal effects to and from storage, and Storing these items for part or all of the time the new job location remains your main job location. New tax The new job location must be outside the United States. New tax Reporting Moving Expenses Figure moving expense deductions on Form 3903. New tax Carry the deduction from Form 3903 to Form 1040, line 26. New tax For more information, see Publication 521 and Form 3903. New tax Combat Zone Exclusion If you are a member of the U. New tax S. New tax Armed Forces who serves in a combat zone (defined later), you can exclude certain pay from your income. New tax This pay is generally referred to as “combat pay. New tax ” You do not actually need to show the exclusion on your tax return because income that qualifies for the combat zone exclusion is not included in the wages reported on your Form W-2. New tax (See Form W-2 , later. New tax ) The month for which you receive the pay must be a month in which you either served in a combat zone or were hospitalized as a result of wounds, disease, or injury incurred while serving in the combat zone. New tax You do not have to receive the excluded pay while you are in a combat zone, are hospitalized, or in the same year you served in a combat zone. New tax If you are an enlisted member, warrant officer, or commissioned warrant officer, you can exclude the following amounts from your income. New tax (Other officer personnel are discussed under Amount of Exclusion , later. New tax ) Active duty pay earned in any month you served in a combat zone. New tax Imminent danger/hostile fire pay. New tax A reenlistment bonus if the voluntary extension or reenlistment occurs in a month you served in a combat zone. New tax Pay for accrued leave earned in any month you served in a combat zone. New tax The Department of Defense must determine that the unused leave was earned during that period. New tax Pay received for duties as a member of the Armed Forces in clubs, messes, post and station theaters, and other nonappropriated fund activities. New tax The pay must be earned in a month you served in a combat zone. New tax Awards for suggestions, inventions, or scientific achievements you are entitled to because of a submission you made in a month you served in a combat zone. New tax Student loan repayments. New tax If the entire year of service required to earn the repayment was performed in a combat zone, the entire repayment made because of that year of service is excluded. New tax If only part of that year of service was performed in a combat zone, only part of the repayment qualifies for exclusion. New tax For example, if you served in a combat zone for 5 months, 5/12 of your repayment qualifies for exclusion. New tax Retirement pay and pensions do not qualify for the combat zone exclusion. New tax Partial (month) service. New tax   If you serve in a combat zone for any part of one or more days during a particular month, you are entitled to an exclusion for that entire month. New tax Form W-2. New tax   The wages shown in box 1 of your 2013 Form W-2 should not include military pay excluded from your income under the combat zone exclusion provisions. New tax If it does, you will need to get a corrected Form W-2 from your finance office. New tax   You cannot exclude as combat pay any wages shown in box 1 of Form W-2. New tax Combat Zone A combat zone is any area the President of the United States designates by Executive Order as an area in which the U. New tax S. New tax Armed Forces are engaging or have engaged in combat. New tax An area usually becomes a combat zone and ceases to be a combat zone on the dates the President designates by Executive Order. New tax Afghanistan area. New tax   By Executive Order No. New tax 13239, Afghanistan (and airspace above) was designated as a combat zone beginning September 19, 2001. New tax On December 14, 2001, the following countries were certified by the Department of Defense for combat zone tax benefits due to their direct support of military operations in the Afghanistan combat zone. New tax Djibouti. New tax Jordan. New tax Kyrgyzstan. New tax Pakistan. New tax Somalia. New tax Syria. New tax Tajikistan. New tax Uzbekistan. New tax Yemen. New tax The Philippines. New tax  Note. New tax For the Philippines only, the personnel must be deployed in conjunction with Operation Enduring Freedom supporting military operations in the Afghanistan combat zone. New tax The Kosovo area. New tax   By Executive Order No. New tax 13119, the following locations (including airspace above) were designated as a combat zone beginning March 24, 1999. New tax Federal Republic of Yugoslavia (Serbia/Montenegro). New tax Albania. New tax Kosovo. New tax The Adriatic Sea. New tax The Ionian Sea—north of the 39th parallel. New tax Note. New tax The combat zone designation for Montenegro and Kosovo (previously a province within Serbia) under Executive Order 13119 remains in force even though Montenegro and Kosovo became independent nations since EO 13119 was signed. New tax Arabian peninsula. New tax   By Executive Order No. New tax 12744, the following locations (and airspace above) were designated as a combat zone beginning January 17, 1991. New tax The Persian Gulf. New tax The Red Sea. New tax The Gulf of Oman. New tax The part of the Arabian Sea that is north of 10 degrees north latitude and west of 68 degrees east longitude. New tax The Gulf of Aden. New tax The total land areas of Iraq, Kuwait, Saudi Arabia, Oman, Bahrain, Qatar, and the United Arab Emirates. New tax Jordan which is in direct support of the Arabian Peninsula. New tax Serving in a Combat Zone You are considered to be serving in a combat zone if you are either assigned on official temporary duty to a combat zone or you qualify for hostile fire/imminent danger pay while in a combat zone. New tax Service in a combat zone includes any periods you are absent from duty because of sickness, wounds, or leave. New tax If, as a result of serving in a combat zone, a person becomes a prisoner of war or is missing in action, that person is considered to be serving in the combat zone so long as he or she keeps that status for military pay purposes. New tax Hospitalized While Serving in a Combat Zone If you are hospitalized while serving in a combat zone, the wound, disease, or injury causing the hospitalization will be presumed to have been incurred while serving in the combat zone unless there is clear evidence to the contrary. New tax Example. New tax You are hospitalized for a specific disease in a combat zone where you have been serving for 3 weeks, and the disease for which you are hospitalized has an incubation period of 2 to 4 weeks. New tax The disease is presumed to have been incurred while you were serving in the combat zone. New tax On the other hand, if the incubation period of the disease is 1 year, the disease would not have been incurred while you were serving in the combat zone. New tax Hospitalized After Leaving a Combat Zone In some cases, the wound, disease, or injury may have been incurred while you were serving in the combat zone, even though you were not hospitalized until after you left. New tax In that case, you can exclude military pay earned while you are hospitalized as a result of the wound, disease, or injury. New tax Example. New tax You were hospitalized for a specific disease 3 weeks after you left the combat zone. New tax The incubation period of the disease is from 2 to 4 weeks. New tax The disease is presumed to have been incurred while serving in the combat zone. New tax Nonqualifying Presence in Combat Zone None of the following types of military service qualify as service in a combat zone. New tax Presence in a combat zone while on leave from a duty station located outside the combat zone. New tax Passage over or through a combat zone during a trip between two points that are outside a combat zone. New tax Presence in a combat zone solely for your personal convenience. New tax Service Outside Combat Zone Considered Service in Combat Zone Military service outside a combat zone is considered to be performed in a combat zone if: The Department of Defense designates that the service is in direct support of military operations in the combat zone, and The service qualifies you for special military pay for duty subject to hostile fire or imminent danger. New tax Military pay received for this service will qualify for the combat zone exclusion if all of the requirements (other than service in a combat zone) are met and the pay is verifiable by reference to military pay records. New tax Amount of Exclusion If you are an enlisted member, warrant officer, or commissioned warrant officer and you serve in a combat zone during any part of a month, you can exclude all of your military pay for that month. New tax It should not be included in the wages reported on your Form W-2. New tax You also can exclude military pay earned while you are hospitalized as a result of wounds, disease, or injury incurred in the combat zone. New tax If you are hospitalized, you cannot exclude any military pay received for any month of service that begins more than 2 years after the end of combat activities in the combat zone. New tax Your hospitalization does not have to be in the combat zone. New tax If you are a commissioned officer (other than a commissioned warrant officer), you can exclude your pay according to the rules just discussed. New tax However, the amount of your exclusion is limited to the highest rate of enlisted pay (plus imminent danger/hostile fire pay you received) for each month during any part of which you served in a combat zone or were hospitalized as a result of your service there. New tax Alien Status For tax purposes, an alien is an individual who is not a U. New tax S. New tax citizen. New tax An alien is in one of three categories: resident, nonresident, or dual-status. New tax Placement in the correct category is crucial in determining what income to report and what forms to file. New tax Under peacetime enlistment rules, you generally cannot enlist in the Armed Forces unless you are a citizen or have been legally admitted to the United States for permanent residence. New tax If you are an alien enlistee in the Armed Forces, you are probably a resident alien. New tax If, under an income tax treaty, you are considered a resident of a foreign country, see your base legal officer. New tax Other aliens who are in the United States only because of military assignments and who have a home outside the United States are nonresident aliens. New tax Guam and Puerto Rico have special rules. New tax Residents of those areas should contact their taxing authority with their questions. New tax Most members of the Armed Forces are U. New tax S. New tax citizens or resident aliens. New tax However, if you have questions about your alien status or the alien status of your dependents or spouse, you should read the information in the following paragraphs and see Publication 519. New tax Resident Aliens You are considered a resident alien of the United States for tax purposes if you meet either the “green card test” or the “substantial presence test” for the calendar year (January 1–December 31). New tax If you meet the substantial presence test for 2014, you did not meet either the green card test or the substantial presence test for 2012 or 2013, and you did not choose to be treated as a resident for part of 2012, you may be able to choose to be treated as a U. New tax S. New tax resident for part of 2013. New tax See First-Year Choice in Publication 519. New tax These tests are explained in Publication 519. New tax Generally, resident aliens are taxed on their worldwide income and file the same tax forms as U. New tax S. New tax citizens. New tax Treating nonresident alien spouse as resident alien. New tax   A nonresident alien spouse can be treated as a resident alien if all the following conditions are met. New tax One spouse is a U. New tax S. New tax citizen or resident alien at the end of the tax year. New tax That spouse is married to the nonresident alien at the end of the tax year. New tax You both choose to treat the nonresident alien spouse as a resident alien. New tax Making the choice. New tax   Both you and your spouse must sign a statement and attach it to your joint return for the first tax year for which the choice applies. New tax Include in the statement: A declaration that one spouse was a nonresident alien and the other was a U. New tax S. New tax citizen or resident alien on the last day of the year, A declaration that both spouses choose to be treated as U. New tax S. New tax residents for the entire tax year, and The name, address, and taxpayer identification number (social security number or individual taxpayer identification number) of each spouse. New tax If the nonresident alien spouse is not eligible to get a social security number, he or she should file Form W-7, Application for IRS Individual Taxpayer Identification Number. New tax    Once you make this choice, the nonresident alien spouse's worldwide income is subject to U. New tax S. New tax tax. New tax If the nonresident alien spouse has substantial foreign income, there may be no advantage to making this choice. New tax Ending the choice. New tax   Once you make this choice, it applies to all later years unless one of the following situations occurs. New tax You or your spouse revokes the choice. New tax You or your spouse dies. New tax You and your spouse become legally separated under a decree of divorce or separate maintenance. New tax The Internal Revenue Service ends the choice because you or your spouse kept inadequate records. New tax For specific details on these situations, see Publication 519. New tax   If the choice is ended for any of these reasons, neither spouse can make the choice for any later year. New tax Choice not made. New tax   If you and your nonresident alien spouse do not make this choice: You cannot file a joint return. New tax You can file as married filing separately, or head of household if you qualify. New tax You can claim an exemption for your nonresident alien spouse if he or she has no gross income for U. New tax S. New tax tax purposes and is not another taxpayer's dependent. New tax The nonresident alien spouse generally does not have to file a federal income tax return if he or she had no income from sources in the United States. New tax If a return has to be filed, see the next discussion. New tax The nonresident alien spouse is not eligible for the earned income credit if he or she has to file a return. New tax Nonresident Aliens If you are an alien who does not meet the requirements discussed earlier to be a resident alien, you are a nonresident alien. New tax If you are required to file a federal tax return, you must file either Form 1040NR, U. New tax S. New tax Nonresident Alien Income Tax Return, or Form 1040NR-EZ, U. New tax S. New tax Income Tax Return for Certain Nonresident Aliens With No Dependents. New tax See the form instructions for information on who must file and filing status. New tax If you are a nonresident alien, you generally must pay tax on income from sources in the United States. New tax Your income from conducting a trade or business in the United States is taxed at graduated U. New tax S. New tax tax rates. New tax Other income from U. New tax S. New tax sources is taxed at a flat 30% (or lower treaty) rate. New tax For example, dividends from a U. New tax S. New tax corporation paid to a nonresident alien generally are subject to a 30% (or lower treaty) rate. New tax Dual-Status Aliens You can be both a nonresident and resident alien during the same tax year. New tax This usually occurs in the year you arrive in or depart from the United States. New tax If you are a dual-status alien, you are taxed on income from all sources for the part of the year you are a resident alien. New tax Generally, for the part of the year you are a nonresident alien, you are taxed only on income from sources in the United States. New tax Sale of Home You may not have to pay tax on all or part of the gain from the sale of your main home. New tax Usually, your main home is the one you live in most of the time. New tax It can be a: House, Houseboat, Mobile home, Cooperative apartment, or Condominium. New tax You generally can exclude up to $250,000 of gain ($500,000, in most cases, if married filing a joint return) realized on the sale or exchange of a main home in 2013. New tax The exclusion is allowed each time you sell or exchange a main home, but generally not more than once every 2 years. New tax To be eligible, during the 5-year period ending on the date of the sale, you must have owned the home for at least 2 years (the ownership test), and lived in the home as your main home for at least 2 years (the use test). New tax Exception to ownership and use tests. New tax   You can exclude gain, but the maximum amount of gain you can exclude will be reduced if you do not meet the ownership and use tests due to a move to a new permanent duty station. New tax 5-year test period suspended. New tax   You can choose to have the 5-year test period for ownership and use suspended during any period you or your spouse serve on qualified official extended duty as a member of the Armed Forces. New tax This means that you may be able to meet the 2-year use test even if, because of your service, you did not actually live in your home for at least the required 2 years during the 5-year period ending on the date of sale. New tax Example. New tax David bought and moved into a home in 2005. New tax He lived in it as his main home for 2½ years. New tax For the next 6 years, he did not live in it because he was on qualified official extended duty with the Army. New tax He then sold the home at a gain in 2013. New tax To meet the use test, David chooses to suspend the 5-year test period for the 6 years he was on qualifying official extended duty. New tax This means he can disregard those 6 years. New tax Therefore, David's 5-year test period consists of the 5 years before he went on qualifying official extended duty. New tax He meets the ownership and use tests because he owned and lived in the home for 2½ years during this test period. New tax Period of suspension. New tax   The period of suspension cannot last more than 10 years. New tax You cannot suspend the 5-year period for more than one property at a time. New tax You can revoke your choice to suspend the 5-year period at any time. New tax Qualified official extended duty. New tax   You are on qualified official extended duty if you serve on extended duty either: At a duty station at least 50 miles from your main home, or While you live in Government quarters under Government orders. New tax   You are on extended duty when you are called or ordered to active duty for a period of more than 90 days or for an indefinite period. New tax Property used for rental or business. New tax   You may be able to exclude your gain from the sale of a home that you have used as a rental property or for business. New tax However, you must meet the ownership and use tests discussed in Publication 523. New tax Nonqualified use. New tax   If the sale of your main home results in a gain that is allocated to one or more period(s) of nonqualified use, you cannot exclude that gain from your income. New tax   Nonqualified use means any period after 2008 when neither you nor your spouse (or your former spouse) used the property as a main home, with certain exceptions. New tax For example, a period of nonqualified use does not include any period (not to exceed a total of 10 years) during which you or your spouse is serving on qualified official extended duty. New tax Loss. New tax   You cannot deduct a loss from the sale of your main home. New tax More information. New tax   For more information, see Publication 523. New tax Foreclosures There may be tax consequences as a result of compensation payments for foreclosures. New tax Payments made for violations of the Service Members Civil Relief Act (SCRA). New tax   All service members who received a settlement payment reported on a Form 1099 may need to report the amount on their tax return. New tax Generally, you must include settlement payments in income. New tax However, the tax treatment of settlement payments will depend on the facts and circumstances. New tax Lump Sum Portion of Settlement Payment. New tax    Generally, you must include the lump sum payment in gross income. New tax In limited circumstances you may be able to exclude part or all of the lump sum payment from gross income. New tax For example, you may qualify to exclude part or all of the payment from gross income if you can show that the payment was made to reimburse specific nondeductible expenses (such as living expenses) you incurred because of the SCRA violation. New tax Interest Payment on Lump Sum Portion of Settlement Payment. New tax    You must include any interest on the lump sum portion of your settlement payment in your income. New tax Lost Equity Portion of Settlement Payment. New tax    If you lost your main home in foreclosure, you should treat the lost equity payment as an additional amount you received on the foreclosure of the home. New tax You will have a gain on the foreclosure only if the sum of the lost equity payment and the value of the main home at foreclosure is more than what you paid for the home. New tax In many cases, this gain may be excluded from income. New tax For more information on the rules for excluding all or part of any gain from the sale (including a foreclosure) of a main home, see Pub. New tax 523, Selling Your Home. New tax The rules that apply to a lost equity payment you received for the foreclosure of a property that was not your main home are different. New tax    To find rules for reporting gain or loss on the foreclosure of property that was not your main home, see Pub. New tax 544, Sales and Other Dispositions of Assets. New tax Interest Payment on Lost Equity Portion of Settlement Payment. New tax    You must include any interest on the lost equity portion of your settlement payment in your income. New tax Itemized Deductions To figure your taxable income, you must subtract either your standard deduction or your itemized deductions from adjusted gross income. New tax For information on the standard deduction, see Publication 501. New tax Itemized deductions are figured on Schedule A (Form 1040). New tax This chapter discusses miscellaneous itemized deductions of particular interest to members of the Armed Forces. New tax For information on other itemized deductions, see the publications listed below. New tax Publication 502, Medical and Dental Expenses. New tax Publication 526, Charitable Contributions. New tax Publication 547, Casualties, Disasters, and Thefts. New tax Publication 550, Investment Income and Expenses. New tax You must reduce the total of most miscellaneous itemized deductions by 2% of your adjusted gross income. New tax For information on deductions that are not subject to the 2% limit, see Publication 529. New tax Employee Business Expenses Deductible employee business expenses generally are miscellaneous itemized deductions subject to the 2% limit. New tax Certain employee business expenses are deductible as adjustments to income. New tax For information on many employee business expenses, see Publication 463. New tax Generally, you must file Form 2106, Employee Business Expenses, or Form 2106-EZ, Unreimbursed Employee Business Expenses, to claim these expenses. New tax You do not have to file Form 2106 or Form 2106-EZ if you are claiming only unreimbursed expenses for uniforms, professional society dues, and work-related educational expenses (all discussed later). New tax You can deduct these expenses directly on Schedule A (Form 1040). New tax Reimbursement. New tax   Generally, to receive advances, reimbursements, or other allowances from the government, you must adequately account for your expenses and return any excess reimbursement. New tax Your reimbursed expenses are not deductible. New tax   If your expenses are more than your reimbursement, the excess expenses are deductible (subject to the 2% limit) if you can prove them. New tax You must file Form 2106 to report these expenses. New tax   You can use the shorter Form 2106-EZ if you meet all three of the following conditions. New tax You are an employee deducting expenses related to your job. New tax You were not reimbursed by your employer for your expenses. New tax (Amounts included in box 1 of Form W-2 are not considered reimbursements. New tax ) If you claim car expenses, you use the standard mileage rate. New tax    For 2013, the standard mileage rate is 56. New tax 5 cents a mile for all business miles driven. New tax This rate is adjusted periodically. New tax Travel Expenses You can deduct unreimbursed travel expenses only if they are incurred while you are traveling away from home. New tax If you are a member of the U. New tax S. New tax Armed Forces on a permanent duty assignment overseas, you are not traveling away from home. New tax You cannot deduct your expenses for meals and lodging while at your permanent duty station. New tax You cannot deduct these expenses even if you have to maintain a home in the United States for your family members who are not allowed to accompany you overseas. New tax A naval officer assigned to permanent duty aboard a ship that has regular eating and living facilities has a home aboard ship for travel expense purposes. New tax To be deductible, your travel expenses must be work related. New tax You cannot deduct any expenses for personal travel, such as visits to family while on furlough, leave, or liberty. New tax Away from home. New tax   Home is your permanent duty station (which can be a ship or base), regardless of where you or your family live. New tax You are away from home if you are away from your permanent duty station substantially longer than an ordinary day's work and you need to get sleep or rest to meet the demands of your work while away from home. New tax   Examples of deductible travel expenses include: Expenses for business-related meals (generally limited to 50% of your unreimbursed cost), lodging, taxicabs, business telephone calls, tips, laundry, and dry cleaning while you are away from home on temporary duty or temporary additional duty, and Expenses of carrying out official business while on “No Cost” orders. New tax    You cannot deduct any expenses for travel away from home if the temporary assignment in a single location is realistically expected to last (and does in fact last) for more than 1 year. New tax This rule may not apply if you are participating in a federal crime investigation or prosecution. New tax For more information, see Publication 463 and the Form 2106 instructions. New tax Transportation Expenses These expenses include the ordinary and necessary costs of: Getting from one workplace to another when you are not away from home, Going to a business meeting away from your regular workplace, and Getting from your home to a temporary workplace when you have a regular place of work. New tax These expenses include the costs of transportation by air, bus, rail, taxi, and driving and maintaining your car. New tax Transportation expenses incurred while traveling away from home are included with your travel expenses, discussed earlier. New tax However, if you use your car while traveling away from home overnight, see the rules in chapter 4 of Publication 463 to figure your car expense deduction. New tax If you must go from one workplace to another while on duty (for example, as a courier or to attend meetings) without being away from home, your unreimbursed transportation expenses are deductible. New tax However, the expenses of getting to and from your regular place of work (commuting) are not deductible. New tax Temporary work location. New tax   If you have one or more regular places of business away from your home and you commute to a temporary work location in the same trade or business, you can deduct the expenses of the daily round-trip transportation between your home and the temporary location. New tax   Generally, if your employment at a work location is realistically expected to last (and does in fact last) for 1 year or less, the employment is temporary. New tax   If your employment at a work location is realistically expected to last for more than 1 year or if there is no realistic expectation that the employment will last for 1 year or less, the employment is not temporary, regardless of whether it actually lasts for more than 1 year. New tax If employment at a work location initially is realistically expected to last for 1 year or less, but at some later date the employment is realistically expected to last more than 1 year, that employment will be treated as temporary (unless there are facts and circumstances that would indicate otherwise) until your expectation changes. New tax    If you do not have a regular place of business, but you ordinarily work in the metropolitan area where you live, you can deduct daily transportation expenses between your home and a temporary work site outside your metropolitan area. New tax However, you cannot deduct daily transportation costs between your home and temporary work sites within your metropolitan area. New tax These are nondeductible commuting costs. New tax Armed Forces reservists. New tax   A meeting of an Armed Forces reserve unit is a second place of business if the meeting is held on a day on which you work at your regular job. New tax You can deduct the expense of getting from one workplace to the other. New tax You usually cannot deduct the expense if the reserve meeting is held on a day on which you do not work at your regular job. New tax In this case, your transportation generally is a nondeductible commuting expense. New tax However, you can deduct your transportation expenses if the location of the meeting is temporary and you have one or more regular places of work. New tax   If you ordinarily work in a particular metropolitan area but not at any specific location and the reserve meeting is held at a temporary location outside that metropolitan area, you can deduct your transportation expenses. New tax If you travel away from home overnight to attend a guard or reserve meeting, you can deduct your travel expenses. New tax See Armed Forces Reservists under Adjustments to Income, earlier. New tax Uniforms You usually cannot deduct the expenses for uniform cost and upkeep. New tax Generally, you must wear uniforms when on duty and you are allowed to wear them when off duty. New tax If military regulations prohibit you from wearing certain uniforms when off duty, you can deduct the cost and upkeep of the uniforms, but you must reduce your expenses by any allowance or reimbursement you receive. New tax Unreimbursed expenses for the cost and upkeep of the following articles are deductible. New tax Military battle dress uniforms and utility uniforms that you cannot wear when off duty. New tax Articles not replacing regular clothing, including insignia of rank, corps devices, epaulets, aiguillettes, and swords. New tax Reservists' uniforms if you can wear the uniform only while performing duties as a reservist. New tax Professional Dues You can deduct unreimbursed dues paid to professional societies directly related to your military position. New tax However, you cannot deduct amounts paid to an officers' club or a noncommissioned officers' club. New tax Example. New tax Lieutenant Margaret Allen, an electrical engineer at Maxwell Air Force Base, can deduct professional dues paid to the American Society of Electrical Engineers. New tax Educational Expenses You can deduct the unreimbursed costs of qualifying work-related education. New tax This is education that meets at least one of the following two tests. New tax The education is required by your employer or the law to keep your present salary, status, or job. New tax The required education must serve a bona fide business purpose of your employer. New tax The education maintains or improves skills needed in your present work. New tax However, even if the education meets one or both of the above tests, it is not qualifying education if it: Is needed to meet the minimum educational requirements of your present trade or business, or Is part of a program of study that will qualify you for a new trade or business. New tax You can deduct the expenses for qualifying work-related education even if the education could lead to a degree. New tax Example 1. New tax Lieutenant Colonel Mason has a degree in financial management and is in charge of base finances at her post of duty. New tax She took an advanced finance course. New tax She already meets the minimum qualifications for her job. New tax By taking the course, she is improving skills in her current position. New tax The course does not qualify her for a new trade or business. New tax She can deduct educational expenses that are more than the educational allowance she received. New tax Example 2. New tax Major Williams worked in the military base legal office as a legal intern. New tax He was placed in excess leave status by his employer to attend law school. New tax He paid all his educational expenses and was not reimbursed. New tax After obtaining his law degree, he passed the state bar exam and worked as a judge advocate. New tax His educational expenses are not deductible because the law degree qualified him for a new trade or business, even though the education maintained and improved his skills in his work. New tax Travel to obtain education. New tax   If your work-related education qualifies, you can deduct the costs of travel, including meals (subject to the 50% limit), and lodging, if the main purpose of the trip is to obtain the education. New tax   You cannot deduct the cost of travel that is itself a form of education, even if it is directly related to your duties in your work or business. New tax Transportation for education. New tax   If your work-related education qualifies for a deduction, you can deduct the costs of transportation to obtain that education. New tax However, you cannot deduct the cost of services provided in kind, such as base-provided transportation to or from class. New tax Transportation expenses include the actual costs of bus, subway, cab, or other fares, as well as the costs of using your car. New tax   If you need more information on educational expenses, see Publication 970. New tax Repayments If you had to repay to your employer an amount that you included in your income in an earlier year, you may be able to deduct the repaid amount from your income for the year in which you repaid it. New tax Repayment of $3,000 or less. New tax   If the amount you repaid was $3,000 or less, deduct it from your income in the year you repaid it. New tax If you reported it as wages, deduct it as a miscellaneous itemized deduction on Schedule A (Form 1040), line 23. New tax Repayment over $3,000. New tax   If the amount you repaid was more than $3,000, see Repayments in Publication 525. New tax Credits After you have figured your taxable income and tax liability, you can determine if you are entitled to any tax credits. New tax This publication discusses the first-time homebuyer credit, child tax credit, earned income credit, and credit for excess social security tax withheld. New tax For information on other credits, see your tax form instructions. New tax First-Time Homebuyer Credit The first-time homebuyer credit is not available for homes purchased after 2011. New tax In 2011, this credit had already expired for most taxpayers, however, certain members of the uniformed services and Foreign Service and certain employees of the intelligence community could claim the credit for homes purchased in 2011. New tax If you bought the home (and claimed the credit) after 2008, you generally must repay the credit if you dispose of the home or the home stops being your main home within the 36-month period beginning on the purchase date. New tax If the home continues to be your main home for at least 36 months beginning on the purchase date, you do not have to repay any of the credit. New tax If you bought your home in 2008, you generally must repay the credit over a 15-year period in 15 equal installments. New tax For more information, see Form 5405, Repayment of the First-Time Homebuyer Credit, and its instructions. New tax Child Tax Credit The child tax credit is a credit that may reduce your tax by as much as $1,000 for each of your qualifying children. New tax The additional child tax credit is a credit you may be able to take if you are not able to claim the full amount of the child tax credit. New tax The child tax credit is not the same as the credit for child and dependent care expenses. New tax See Publication 503 for information on the credit for child and dependent care expenses. New tax Qualifying Child A qualifying child for purposes of the child tax credit is a child who: Is your son, daughter, stepchild, foster child, brother, sister, stepbrother, stepsister, half brother, half sister, or a descendant of any of them (for example, your grandchild, niece, or nephew), Was under age 17 at the end of 2013, Did not provide over half of his or her own support for 2013, Lived with you for more than half of 2013 (see Exceptions to time lived with you, later), Is claimed as a dependent on your return, Does not file a joint return for the year (or files it only as a claim for refund), and Was a U. New tax S. New tax citizen, a U. New tax S. New tax national, or a U. New tax S. New tax resident alien. New tax If the child was adopted, see Adopted child . New tax For each qualifying child you must check the box on Form 1040 or Form 1040A, line 6c, column (4). New tax Exceptions to time lived with you. New tax   A child is considered to have lived with you for all of 2013 if the child was born or died in 2013 and your home was this child's home for the entire time he or she was alive. New tax Temporary absences by you or the child for special circumstances, such as school, vacation, business, medical care, military service, or detention in a juvenile facility, count as time the child lived with you. New tax   There are also exceptions for kidnapped children and children of divorced or separated parents. New tax For details, see Publication 501. New tax Qualifying child of more than one person. New tax   A special rule applies if your qualifying child is the qualifying child of more than one person. New tax For details, see Publication 501. New tax Adopted child. New tax   An adopted child is always treated as your own child. New tax An adopted child includes a child lawfully placed with you for legal adoption. New tax   If you are a U. New tax S. New tax citizen or U. New tax S. New tax national and your adopted child lived with you as a member of your household all year, that child meets condition (7) above to be a qualifying child for the child tax credit. New tax Amount of Credit The maximum amount you can claim for the credit is $1,000 for each qualifying child. New tax Limits on the credit. New tax   You must reduce your child tax credit if either (1) or (2), below, applies. New tax The amount on Form 1040, line 46, or Form 1040A, line 28, is less than the credit. New tax If the amount is zero, you cannot take this credit because there is no tax to reduce. New tax However, you may be able to take the additional child tax credit. New tax See Additional Child Tax Credit , later. New tax Your modified adjusted gross income (AGI) is more than the amount shown below for your filing status. New tax Married filing jointly — $110,000. New tax Single, head of household,  or qualifying widow(er) — $75,000. New tax Married filing separately — $55,000. New tax Modified AGI. New tax   For purposes of the child tax credit, your modified AGI is the amount on Form 1040, line 38, or Form 1040A, line 22, plus the following amounts that may apply to you. New tax Any amount excluded from income because of the exclusion of income from Puerto Rico. New tax Any amount on line 45 or line 50 of Form 2555, Foreign Earned Income. New tax Any amount on line 18 of Form 2555-EZ, Foreign Earned Income Exclusion. New tax Any amount on line 15 of Form 4563, Exclusion of Income for Bona Fide Residents of American Samoa. New tax   If you do not have any of the above, your modified AGI is the same as your AGI. New tax Claiming the Credit To claim the child tax credit, you must file Form 1040 or Form 1040A. New tax For more information on the child tax credit, see the instructions for Form 1040 or Form 1040A. New tax Also attach Schedule 8812, Child Tax Credit, if required. New tax Additional Child Tax Credit This credit is for certain individuals who get less than the full amount of the child tax credit. New tax The additional child tax credit may give you a refund even if you do not owe any tax. New tax For more information, see the instructions for Form 1040 or Form 1040A, and Schedule 8812. New tax Earned Income Credit The earned income credit (EIC) is a cr
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This information is used to measure the number of visitors to the various sections of our site and identify system performance or problem areas. We also use this information to help us develop the site, analyze patterns of usage, and to make the site more useful. This information is not used for associating search terms or patterns of site navigation with individual users. USA.gov may anonymize and provide this information to third party entities for the purposes of research analysis. We do not share or sell visitor data for the purposes of advertising, marketing, or any other commercial purpose.


Use of Persistent Cookies

Like many websites, USA.gov uses "persistent cookie" technology. A persistent cookie is a small text file that this website places on your web browser so that it can gather anonymous summary demographic information, and remember your browser when it is used to visit our site again later—kind of like cookie crumbs! (Hence the name.) These cookies uniquely identify a browser on a computer, but never a person.  In other words, if the same person uses Chrome and Internet Explorer, two unique browser cookies will be assigned, one for each browser, so that person will be counted as two different visitors because visits are based on browsers, not computers or persons. We use persistent cookies in two ways, both of which enhance your experience on USA.gov while also protecting your privacy:

  • To remember you when your browser comes back to the site, so we don't invite you to take our customer satisfaction survey every time you visit. Our customer satisfaction survey uses a persistent cookie to ensure we won’t invite you to take a customer satisfaction survey within 90 days of completing a survey on USA.gov.
  • To get aggregate metrics on site usage to understand how people are using the site and how we can make it better. We use web metrics services to track activity on USA.gov. Government agencies only ever receive traffic statistics anonymously and in the aggregate.
  • To gather anonymous summary demographic information about our visitors such as gender, age range, and areas of interest for adults over the age of 18. We do this by using Google Demographic and Interests reports. When you visit a website that has partnered with the Google Display Network, Google stores a number in your browser using a persistent cookie to remember your visits. This number uniquely identifies a web browser, not a specific person. Browsers may be associated with a demographic category, such as gender or age range, based on the sites that were visited. This demographic information is used to help us better understand our visitors' interests and needs to more effectively develop content to serve you.

Most Internet browsers automatically accept persistent cookies. Although using persistent cookies creates a much better experience for you, this site will also work without them. If you don't want to accept cookies, you can edit your browser's options to stop accepting persistent cookies or to prompt you before accepting a cookie from the websites you visit. Here's how you can disable cookies and/or Google Demographic and Interests reports.


If You Send Us Personal Information

We do not collect personal information for any purpose other than to respond to your request. The only personal information that we collect is what you decide to give us by ordering publications, sending us an e-mail, or subscribing to our e-mail subscription services. If you choose to provide us with personal information — like filling out a Contact Us form, with an e-mail address and ZIP code, and submitting it to us through the website — we use that information to respond to your message, and to help get you the information you requested. Similarly, if you order a publication from us, we will collect your name, and mailing address to fulfill your order.

We only share the information you give us with another government agency if your question relates to that agency, or as otherwise required by law. USA.gov never collects information or creates individual profiles for commercial marketing.


Site Security

For site security purposes and to ensure that this service remains available to all users, this government computer system employs commercial software programs to monitor network traffic to identify unauthorized attempts to upload or change information, or otherwise cause damage.

Except for authorized law enforcement investigations, no other attempts are made to identify individual users or their usage habits. Raw data logs are used for no other purposes and are scheduled for regular destruction in accordance with National Archives and Records Administration guidelines.

Unauthorized attempts to upload information or change information on this service are strictly prohibited and may be punishable under the Computer Fraud and Abuse Act of 1986 and the National Information Infrastructure Protection Act.


External Links

USA.gov links to many websites created and maintained by other public and/or private organizations as outlined in our Linking Policy. If you click a link to an outside website, such as Facebook or YouTube, you will leave the USA.gov site and are subject to the privacy and security policies of the owners/sponsors of the outside website.


Social Media Sites

While USA.gov manages presence on social media sites (e.g., Facebook, Twitter, YouTube) in order to share government information and engage with the public, we do not collect any Personally Identifiable Information through those sites. We also do not use personal information made available by the user to these third-party sites.


Prohibitions

USA.gov will not link to any website that exhibits hate, bias, or discrimination. USA.gov reserves the right to deny or remove any link that contains misleading information or unsubstantiated claims, or is determined to be in conflict with USA.gov's mission or policies.


Disclaimer of Endorsement

The information posted on the USA.gov website includes hypertext links or pointers to information created and maintained by other public and/or private organizations. USA.gov provides these links and pointers solely for our users' information and convenience. When users select a link to an outside website, they are leaving the USA.gov site and are subject to the privacy and security policies of the owners/sponsors of the outside website.

  • The General Services Administration (GSA) and USA.gov do not control or guarantee the accuracy, relevance, timeliness, or completeness of information contained on a linked website.

  • GSA and USA.gov do not endorse the organizations sponsoring linked websites and we do not endorse the views they express or the products/services they offer.

  • GSA and USA.gov cannot authorize the use of copyrighted materials contained in linked websites. Users must request such authorization from the sponsor of the linked website.

  • GSA and USA.gov are not responsible for transmissions users receive from linked websites.

  • GSA and USA.gov do not guarantee that outside websites comply with Section 508 (accessibility requirements) of the Rehabilitation Act.

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The New Tax

New tax Publication 915 - Introductory Material Table of Contents Reminders IntroductionOrdering forms and publications. New tax Tax questions. New tax Useful Items - You may want to see: Reminders Future developments. New tax  The IRS has created a page on IRS. New tax gov for information about Publication 915, at www. New tax irs. New tax gov/pub915. New tax Information about any future developments affecting Publication 915 (such as legislation enacted after we release it) will be posted on that page. New tax Photographs of missing children. New tax  The Internal Revenue Service is a proud partner with the National Center for Missing and Exploited Children. New tax Photographs of missing children selected by the Center may appear in this publication on pages that would otherwise be blank. New tax You can help bring these children home by looking at the photographs and calling 1-800-THE-LOST (1-800-843-5678) if you recognize a child. New tax Introduction This publication explains the federal income tax rules for social security benefits and equivalent tier 1 railroad retirement benefits. New tax It is prepared through the joint efforts of the Internal Revenue Service (IRS), the Social Security Administration (SSA), and the U. New tax S. New tax Railroad Retirement Board (RRB). New tax Social security benefits include monthly retirement, survivor, and disability benefits. New tax They do not include supplemental security income (SSI) payments, which are not taxable. New tax Equivalent tier 1 railroad retirement benefits are the part of tier 1 benefits that a railroad employee or beneficiary would have been entitled to receive under the social security system. New tax They are commonly called the social security equivalent benefit (SSEB) portion of tier 1 benefits. New tax If you received these benefits during 2013, you should have received a Form SSA-1099, Social Security Benefit Statement, or Form RRB-1099, Payments by the Railroad Retirement Board, showing the amount. New tax (If you are a nonresident alien, you should have received Form SSA-1042S, Social Security Benefit Statement, or Form RRB-1042S, Statement for Nonresident Alien Recipients of: Payments by the Railroad Retirement Board. New tax ) Note. New tax When the term “benefits” is used in this publication, it applies to both social security benefits and the SSEB portion of tier 1 railroad retirement benefits. New tax What is covered in this publication. New tax   This publication covers the following topics: Whether any of your benefits are taxable, How much is taxable, How to report taxable benefits, How to treat lump-sum benefit payments, and Deductions related to your benefits, including a deduction or credit you can claim if your repayments are more than your gross benefits. New tax The Appendix at the end of this publication explains items shown on your Form SSA-1099, SSA-1042S, RRB-1099, or RRB-1042S. New tax What is not covered in this publication. New tax   This publication does not cover the tax rules for the following railroad retirement benefits: Non-social security equivalent benefit (NSSEB) portion of tier 1 benefits, Tier 2 benefits, Vested dual benefits, and Supplemental annuity benefits. New tax For information on these taxable pension benefits, see Publication 575, Pension and Annuity Income. New tax   This publication also does not cover the tax rules for foreign social security benefits. New tax These benefits are taxable as annuities, unless they are exempt from U. New tax S. New tax tax or treated as a U. New tax S. New tax social security benefit under a tax treaty. New tax Comments and suggestions. New tax   We welcome your comments about this publication and your suggestions for future editions. New tax   You can write to us at the following address: Internal Revenue Service Tax Forms and Publications Division 1111 Constitution Ave. New tax NW, IR-6526 Washington, DC 20224   We respond to many letters by telephone. New tax Therefore, it would be helpful if you would include your daytime phone number, including the area code, in your correspondence. New tax   You can send your comments from www. New tax irs. New tax gov/formspubs/. New tax Click on “More Information” and then on “Comment on Tax Forms and Publications”. New tax   Although we cannot respond individually to each comment received, we do appreciate your feedback and will consider your comments as we revise our tax products. New tax Ordering forms and publications. New tax   Visit www. New tax irs. New tax gov/formspubs/ to download forms and publications, call 1-800-TAX-FORM (1-800-829-3676), or write to the address below and receive a response within 10 days after your request is received. New tax Internal Revenue Service 1201 N. New tax Mitsubishi Motorway Bloomington, IL 61705-6613 Tax questions. New tax   If you have a tax question, check the information available on IRS. New tax gov or call 1-800-829-1040. New tax We cannot answer tax questions sent to either of the above addresses. New tax Useful Items - You may want to see: Publication 505 Tax Withholding and Estimated Tax 575 Pension and Annuity Income 590 Individual Retirement Arrangements (IRAs) Forms (and Instructions) 1040-ES Estimated Tax for Individuals SSA-1099 Social Security Benefit Statement RRB-1099 Payments by the Railroad Retirement Board W-4V Voluntary Withholding Request See How To Get Tax Help near the end of this publication for information about getting these publications and forms. New tax Prev  Up  Next   Home   More Online Publications