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Online 1040ez Publication 554 - Introductory Material Table of Contents What's New Reminders IntroductionVolunteer Income Tax Assistance and Tax Counseling for the Elderly. Online 1040ez Ordering forms and publications. Online 1040ez Tax questions. Online 1040ez What's New Alternative minimum tax exemption increased. Online 1040ez The AMT exemption amount has increased to $51,900 ($80,800 if married filing jointly or qualifying widow(er); $40,400 if married filing separately). Online 1040ez Earned income credit. Online 1040ez The maximum amount of income you can earn and still get the credit has increased. Online 1040ez You may be able to take the credit if you earn less than: $14,340 ($19,680 if married filing jointly), do not have a qualifying child, and are at least 25 years old and under 65, $37,870 ($43,210 if married filing jointly), and you have one qualifying child, $43,038 ($48,378 if married filing jointly), and you have two qualifying children, or $46,227 ($51,567 if married filing jointly), and you have three or more qualifying children. Online 1040ez For more information, see Earned Income Credit , later. Online 1040ez Exemption phaseout. Online 1040ez You lose at least part of the benefit of your exemptions if your adjusted gross income is above a certain amount. Online 1040ez For 2013, the phaseout begins at $150,000 for married individuals filing separate returns; $250,000 for single individuals; $275,000 for heads of household; and $300,000 for married individuals filing joint returns or qualifying widow(er)s. Online 1040ez For more information, see Phaseout of Exemptions in Publication 501. Online 1040ez Limit on itemized deductions. Online 1040ez Beginning January 1, 2013, itemized deductions for taxpayers with adjusted gross incomes above $150,000 may be reduced. Online 1040ez See Overall limitation , later. Online 1040ez Medical and dental expenses. Online 1040ez Beginning January 1, 2013, taxpayers 65 and older can deduct only the part of their medical and dental expenses that exceed 7. Online 1040ez 5% of their adjusted gross income (10% for taxpayers under 65). Online 1040ez Same-sex marriages. Online 1040ez If you have a same-sex spouse whom you legally married in a state (or foreign country) that recognizes same-sex marriage, you and your spouse generally must use the married filing jointly or married filing separately filing status on your 2013 return, even if you and your spouse now live in a state (or foreign country) that does not recognize same-sex marriage. Online 1040ez For more information, see Publication 501. Online 1040ez Reminders Future developments. Online 1040ez For the latest information about developments related to Publication 554, such as legislation enacted after it was published, go to www. Online 1040ez irs. Online 1040ez gov/pub554. Online 1040ez Tax return preparers. Online 1040ez Choose your preparer carefully. Online 1040ez If you pay someone to prepare your return, the preparer is required, under the law, to sign the return and fill in the other blanks in the Paid Preparer's area of your return. Online 1040ez Remember, however, that you are still responsible for the accuracy of every item entered on your return. Online 1040ez If there is any underpayment, you are responsible for paying it, plus any interest and penalty that may be due. Online 1040ez Sale of home by surviving spouse. Online 1040ez If you are an unmarried widow or widower, you may qualify to exclude up to $500,000 of any gain from the sale or exchange of your main home. Online 1040ez For more information, see Sale of Home , later. Online 1040ez Third party designee. Online 1040ez You can check the “Yes” box in the Third Party Designee area of your return to authorize the IRS to discuss your return with your preparer, a friend, family member, or any other person you choose. Online 1040ez This allows the IRS to call the person you identified as your designee to answer any questions that may arise during the processing of your return. Online 1040ez It also allows your designee to perform certain actions. Online 1040ez See your income tax return instructions for details. Online 1040ez Employment tax withholding. Online 1040ez Your wages are subject to withholding for income tax, social security tax, and Medicare tax even if you are receiving social security benefits. Online 1040ez Photographs of missing children. Online 1040ez The Internal Revenue Service is a proud partner with the National Center for Missing and Exploited Children. Online 1040ez Photographs of missing children selected by the Center may appear in this publication on pages that would otherwise be blank. Online 1040ez You can help bring these children home by looking at the photographs and calling 1-800-THE-LOST (1-800-843-5678) if you recognize a child. Online 1040ez Introduction The purpose of this publication is to provide a general overview of selected topics that are of interest to older taxpayers. Online 1040ez The publication will help you determine if you need to file a return and, if so, what items to report on your return. Online 1040ez Each topic is discussed only briefly, so you will find references to other free IRS publications that provide more detail on these topics if you need it. Online 1040ez Table I has a list of questions you may have about filing your federal tax return. Online 1040ez To the right of each question is the location of the answer in this publication. Online 1040ez Also, at the back of this publication there is an index to help you search for the topic you need. Online 1040ez While most federal income tax laws apply equally to all taxpayers, regardless of age, there are some provisions that give special treatment to older taxpayers. Online 1040ez The following are some examples. Online 1040ez Higher gross income threshold for filing. Online 1040ez You must be age 65 or older at the end of the year to get this benefit. Online 1040ez You are considered age 65 on the day before your 65th birthday. Online 1040ez Therefore, you are considered age 65 at the end of the year if your 65th birthday is on or before January 1 of the following year. Online 1040ez Higher standard deduction. Online 1040ez If you do not itemize deductions, you are entitled to a higher standard deduction if you are age 65 or older at the end of the year. Online 1040ez You are considered age 65 at the end of the year if your 65th birthday is on or before January 1 of the following year. Online 1040ez Credit for the elderly or the disabled. Online 1040ez If you qualify, you may benefit from the credit for the elderly or the disabled. Online 1040ez To determine if you qualify and how to figure this credit, see Credit for the Elderly or the Disabled , later. Online 1040ez Return preparation assistance. Online 1040ez The IRS wants to make it easier for you to file your federal tax return. Online 1040ez You may find it helpful to visit a Volunteer Income Tax Assistance (VITA), Tax Counseling for the Elderly (TCE), or American Association of Retired Persons (AARP) Tax-Aide site near you. Online 1040ez Volunteer Income Tax Assistance and Tax Counseling for the Elderly. Online 1040ez These programs provide free help for low-income taxpayers and taxpayers age 60 or older to fill in and file their returns. Online 1040ez For the VITA/TCE site nearest you, contact your local IRS office. Online 1040ez For more information, see Free help with your tax return under How To Get Tax Help. Online 1040ez For the location of an AARP Tax-Aide site in your community, call 1-888-227-7669. Online 1040ez When asked, be ready to press in or speak your 5-digit ZIP code. Online 1040ez Or, you can visit their website on the Internet at www. Online 1040ez aarp. Online 1040ez org/money/taxaide. Online 1040ez Comments and suggestions. Online 1040ez We welcome your comments about this publication and your suggestions for future editions. Online 1040ez You can write to us at the following address: Internal Revenue Service Tax Forms and Publications Division 1111 Constitution Ave. Online 1040ez NW, IR-6526 Washington, DC 20224 We respond to many letters by telephone. Online 1040ez Therefore, it would be helpful if you would include your daytime phone number, including the area code, in your correspondence. Online 1040ez You can send your comments from www. Online 1040ez irs. Online 1040ez gov/formspubs/. Online 1040ez Click on “More Information” and then on “Comment on Tax Forms and Publications. Online 1040ez ” Although we cannot respond individually to each comment received, we do appreciate your feedback and will consider your comments as we revise our tax products. Online 1040ez Ordering forms and publications. Online 1040ez Visit www. Online 1040ez irs. Online 1040ez gov/formspubs/ to download forms and publications, call 1-800-TAX-FORM (1-800-829-3676), or write to the address below and receive a response within 10 business days after your request is received. Online 1040ez Internal Revenue Service 1201 N. Online 1040ez Mitsubishi Motorway Bloomington, IL 61705-6613 Tax questions. Online 1040ez If you have a tax question, check the information available on IRS. Online 1040ez gov or call 1-800-829-1040. Online 1040ez We cannot answer tax questions sent to either of the above addresses. Online 1040ez Table I. Online 1040ez What You Should Know About Federal Taxes Note. Online 1040ez The following is a list of questions you may have about filling out your federal income tax return. Online 1040ez To the right of each question is the location of the answer in this publication. Online 1040ez What I Should Know Where To Find the Answer Do I need to file a return? See chapter 1. Online 1040ez Is my income taxable or nontaxable? If it is nontaxable, must I still report it? See chapter 2. Online 1040ez How do I report benefits I received from the Social Security Administration or the Railroad Retirement Board? Are these benefits taxable? See Social Security and Equivalent Railroad Retirement Benefits in chapter 2. Online 1040ez Must I report the sale of my home? If I had a gain, is any part of it taxable? See Sale of Home in chapter 2. Online 1040ez What are some of the items that I can deduct to reduce my income? See chapters 3 and 4. Online 1040ez How do I report the amounts I set aside for my IRA? See Individual Retirement Arrangement (IRA) Contributions and Deductions in chapter 3. Online 1040ez Would it be better for me to claim the standard deduction or itemize my deductions? See chapter 4. Online 1040ez What are some of the credits I can claim to reduce my tax? See chapter 5 for discussions on the credit for the elderly or the disabled, the child and dependent care credit, and the earned income credit. Online 1040ez Must I make estimated tax payments? See chapter 6. Online 1040ez How do I contact the IRS or get more information? See chapter 7. Online 1040ez Prev Up Next Home More Online Publications
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Online 1040ez 1. Online 1040ez Application, Approval, and Appeal Procedures Table of Contents Introduction Topics - This chapter discusses: Application ProceduresForms Required Required Inclusions Miscellaneous Procedures Rulings and Determination LettersEffective Date of Exemption Revocation or Modification of Exemption Appeal ProceduresAppeals Office Consideration EO Technical Consideration Administrative Remedies Appeal to Courts Group Exemption LetterCentral Organization Application Procedure Keeping the Group Exemption Letter in Force Events Causing Loss of Group Exemption Introduction If your organization is one of the organizations described in this publication and is seeking recognition of tax-exempt status from the IRS, you should follow the procedures described in this chapter and the instructions that accompany the appropriate application forms. Online 1040ez For information on section 501(c)(3) organizations, go to Section 501(c)(3) Organizations chapter 3. Online 1040ez If your organization is seeking exemption under one of the other paragraphs of section 501(c), see chapter 4. Online 1040ez Topics - This chapter discusses: Application procedures that generally apply to all organizations discussed in this publication, including the application forms; Rulings and determination letters (approvals/disapprovals); Appeal procedures available if an adverse determination letter is proposed; and Group exemption letters. Online 1040ez Application Procedures Oral requests for recognition of exemption will not be considered by the IRS. Online 1040ez Your application for tax-exempt status must be in writing using the appropriate forms as discussed below. Online 1040ez Forms Required If your organization is seeking recognition of exemption from federal income tax, it must use a specific application prescribed by the IRS in Revenue Procedure 2013–9, sec. Online 1040ez 3. Online 1040ez If your organization is a central organization with exempt status, see Group Exemption Letter , later. Online 1040ez All applications must be signed by an authorized individual. Online 1040ez Form 1023, Application for Recognition of Exemption. Online 1040ez File Form 1023 if you are seeking recognition of exemption under section: 501(c)(3) Corporations, organized and operated exclusively for religious, charitable, scientific, testing for public safety, literary, or educational purposes, or to foster national or international amateur sports, or prevention of cruelty for children or animals, 501(e) Cooperative hospital service organization, 501(f) Cooperative service organization of operating educational organizations, 501(k) Certain organizations providing child care, 501(n) Charitable risk pools, and 501(q) Credit counseling organizations. Online 1040ez Form 1024, Application for Recognition of Exemption Under Section 501(a). Online 1040ez File Form 1024 if you are seeking recognition of exemption under section: 501(c)(2) Title holding corporations, 501(c)(4) Civic leagues, social welfare organizations, 501(c)(5) Labor, agricultural, or horticultural organizations, 501(c)(6) Business leagues, chambers of commerce, etc. Online 1040ez , 501(c)(7) Social clubs, 501(c)(8) Fraternal beneficiary societies, orders, or associations, 501(c)(9) Voluntary employees’ beneficiary associations, 501(c)(10) Domestic fraternal societies, orders, etc. Online 1040ez , 501(c)(12) Benevolent life insurance associations, mutual ditch or irrigation companies, mutual or cooperative telephone companies, 501(c)(13) Cemetery companies, 501(c)(15) Mutual insurance companies or associations, 501(c)(17) Trusts providing for the payment of supplemental unemployment compensation benefits, 501(c)(19) A post, organization, auxiliary unit, etc. Online 1040ez of past or present members of the Armed Forces of the United States, and 501(c)(25) Title holding corporations or trusts. Online 1040ez Form 8718, User Fee for Exempt Organization Determination Letter Request, must also be sent along with Form 1024. Online 1040ez Letter application. Online 1040ez If your organization is seeking recognition of exemption under section 501(c)(11), (14), (16), (18), (21), (22), (23), (26), (27), (28), or (29), submit a letter application with Form 8718. Online 1040ez See Required Inclusions for the information to include with the letter application. Online 1040ez Form 1028. Online 1040ez Use Form 1028 if your organization is a farmers’ cooperative seeking recognition of exemption under section 521. Online 1040ez You must also submit Form 8718. Online 1040ez Form 8871. Online 1040ez Use Form 8871 if you are a political party or campaign committee for a candidate for federal, state or local office seeking to be treated as tax-exempt under section 527. Online 1040ez See Political Organization Income Tax Return , later. Online 1040ez Some organizations do not have to use specific application forms. Online 1040ez The application your organization must use is specified in the chapter in this publication dealing with your kind of organization. Online 1040ez It is also shown in the Organization Reference Chart, later. Online 1040ez Power of attorney. Online 1040ez If your organization expects to be represented by an individual such as an attorney, CPA, officer or other person authorized to practice before the IRS, whether in person or by correspondence, you must file a Form 2848 with your exemption application. Online 1040ez The power of attorney must specifically authorize an individual to represent your organization. Online 1040ez You cannot name an organization, firm, etc. Online 1040ez as your representative. Online 1040ez Form 2848, Power of Attorney and Declaration of Representative, can be used for this purpose. Online 1040ez The categories of individuals who can represent you before the IRS are listed on the form. Online 1040ez Non-exemption for terrorist organizations. Online 1040ez An organization that is identified or designated as a terrorist organization within the meaning of section 501(p)(2) is not eligible to apply for recognition of exemption. Online 1040ez User fee. Online 1040ez The law requires the payment of a user fee for determination letter requests such as your application for recognition of tax-exempt status. Online 1040ez If you are filing Form 1023, user fee information is included in Part XI. Online 1040ez If you are required to apply for recognition of exemption by submitting Form 1024, a letter application, etc. Online 1040ez and you must pay a user fee, you should use Form 8718 to figure the amount of your user fee and to pay it. Online 1040ez Your payment must accompany your request. Online 1040ez The IRS will not process a request unless the fee has been paid. Online 1040ez For the current user fee amount and processing time for applications go to IRS. Online 1040ez gov and select “Charities and Non-Profits” from the buttons near the top. Online 1040ez Then select the underlined link “How to Apply To Be Tax-Exempt” for the latest user fees or I want to check the status of my application for more information. Online 1040ez You can also call 1-877-829-5500. Online 1040ez Required Inclusions Employer identification number (EIN). Online 1040ez Every exempt organization must have an EIN, whether or not it has any employees. Online 1040ez An EIN is required before an exemption application is submitted. Online 1040ez Information on how to apply for an EIN by using one of the following methods can be found at Employer ID Numbers (EIN): Online— This is the preferred method for requesting an EIN. Online 1040ez The EIN is issued immediately once the application information is validated. Online 1040ez By telephone at 1-800-829-4933, from 7:00 a. Online 1040ez m. Online 1040ez to 7:00 p. Online 1040ez m. Online 1040ez local time, Monday through Friday. Online 1040ez The EIN is provided over the phone to an authorized individual. Online 1040ez By mailing or faxing Form SS-4, Application for Employer Identification Number. Online 1040ez If the faxed Form SS-4 includes the taxpayer's fax number, a fax will be sent back with the EIN within four (4) business days. Online 1040ez Use only one method for each entity so you do not receive more than one EIN for an entity. Online 1040ez If you previously applied for an EIN and have not yet received it, or you are unsure whether you have an EIN, please call our toll-free customer account services number, 1-877-829-5500, for assistance. Online 1040ez Organizing documents. Online 1040ez Your application should include a copy of the organizing or enabling document that is signed by a principal officer or is accompanied by a written declaration signed by an authorized individual certifying that the document is a complete and accurate copy of the original or meets the requirements of a conformed copy. Online 1040ez If your organizing or enabling document are articles of incorporation, include evidence that it was filed and approved by a state official. Online 1040ez (For example, a stamped “Filed” copy dated by the Secretary of State is prima facie evidence that it was filed and approved by a state official. Online 1040ez ) A copy of the articles of incorporation can also be submitted with a written declaration signed by an authorized individual indicating the copy is complete and was filed and approved by the state, including the date filed. Online 1040ez Bylaws. Online 1040ez Bylaws alone are not organizing documents. Online 1040ez However, if your organization has adopted bylaws, include a current copy. Online 1040ez The bylaws need not be signed if submitted as an attachment. Online 1040ez If your organization's name has been officially changed by an amendment to your organizing instruments, you should also attach a conformed copy of that amendment to your application. Online 1040ez Bylaws may be considered an organizing document only if they are properly structured (includes name, purpose, signatures, and intent to form an organization). Online 1040ez Conformed copy. Online 1040ez A conformed copy is a copy that agrees with the original and all amendments to it. Online 1040ez If the original document required a signature, the copy should either be signed by a principal officer or, if not signed, be accompanied by a written declaration signed by an authorized officer of the organization. Online 1040ez With either option, the officer must certify that the document is a complete and accurate copy of the original. Online 1040ez A certificate of incorporation should be approved and dated by an appropriate state official. Online 1040ez Attachments. Online 1040ez When submitting attachments, every attachment should show your organization's name and EIN. Online 1040ez It should also state that it is an attachment to your application form and identify the part and line item number to which it applies. Online 1040ez Original documents. Online 1040ez Do not submit original documents because they become part of the IRS file and cannot be returned. Online 1040ez Description of activities. Online 1040ez Your application must include a full description of the proposed activities of your organization, including each of the fundraising activities of a section 501(c)(3) organization and a narrative description of anticipated receipts and contemplated expenditures. Online 1040ez When describing the activities in which your organization expects to engage, you must include the standards, criteria, procedures, or other means that your organization adopted or planned for carrying out those activities. Online 1040ez To determine the information you need to provide, you should study the part of this publication that applies to your organization. Online 1040ez The appropriate chapter will describe the purposes and activities that your organization must pursue, engage in, and include in your application in order to achieve exempt status. Online 1040ez Often, your organization's articles of organization (or other organizing instruments) contain descriptions of your organization's purposes and activities. Online 1040ez Your application should describe completely and in detail your past, present, and planned activities. Online 1040ez Financial data. Online 1040ez You must include in your application financial statements showing your receipts and expenditures and a balance sheet for the current year and the 3 preceding years (or for the number of years your organization was in existence, if less than 4 years). Online 1040ez For each accounting period, you must describe the sources of your receipts and the nature of your expenditures. Online 1040ez If you have not yet begun operations, or have operated for less than 1 year, a proposed budget for 2 full accounting periods and a current statement of assets and liabilities will be acceptable. Online 1040ez Exempt status established in application. Online 1040ez If your application and its supporting documents show that your organization meets the requirements for tax-exempt status under the Code section you applied, the IRS will issue a favorable determination letter or ruling. Online 1040ez Miscellaneous Procedures To help in processing your application, be sure to attach all schedules, statements, and other documents required by the application form. Online 1040ez If you do not attach them, you may have to resubmit your application or you may otherwise encounter a delay in processing your application. Online 1040ez Incomplete application. Online 1040ez If an application is not complete and does not contain all the required attachments found under Required Inclusions, the IRS may return it to you for completion. Online 1040ez The IRS may keep the application and send a letter requesting the missing information if most of the information has been received. Online 1040ez If the IRS returns the application or requests additional information from you, that application will be considered filed on the date the substantially completed application is postmarked, or if no postmark, received at the IRS. Online 1040ez Generally, the user fee will not be refunded if an incomplete application is filed. Online 1040ez Additional information may be requested if necessary to clarify the nature of your organization. Online 1040ez Application made under wrong paragraph of section 501(c). Online 1040ez Occasionally, an organization appears to qualify for exemption under a paragraph of section 501(c) that is different from the one for which the organization applied. Online 1040ez If the application was made on Form 1024, which applies to more than one paragraph of section 501(c), the organization can be recognized as exempt under any paragraph to which the form applies if the organization has agreed to have its application considered under that paragraph. Online 1040ez It must also supply any additional information required for the application under the new paragraph. Online 1040ez Different application form needed. Online 1040ez If a different application form is required for your organization, the IRS will so advise your organization and will provide the appropriate application form for your convenience in reapplying under that paragraph, if you wish to do so. Online 1040ez Although supporting information previously furnished need not be duplicated, you must provide any necessary additional information required for the application. Online 1040ez If your reply is not received within a limited time, your application will be processed only for the paragraph under which you originally applied. Online 1040ez When a specific application form is needed for the paragraph under which your organization qualifies, that form is required before a letter recognizing exemption can be issued. Online 1040ez This includes cases in which a determination letter is modified to recognize an organization's exempt status under a paragraph other than the paragraph under which it originally established exemption. Online 1040ez IRS responses. Online 1040ez Organizations that submit a complete application will receive an acknowledgment from the IRS. Online 1040ez Others will receive a letter requesting more information or returning an incomplete application. Online 1040ez Applicants also will be notified if the application is forwarded to EO Technical Office for consideration. Online 1040ez These letters will be sent out as soon as possible after receipt of the organization's application. Online 1040ez Withdrawal of application. Online 1040ez An application may be withdrawn at any time before the issuance of a ruling or determination letter upon the written request of a principal officer or authorized representative of your organization. Online 1040ez However, the withdrawal will not prevent the information contained in the application from being used by the IRS in any subsequent examination of your organization's returns. Online 1040ez The information forwarded with an application will not be returned to your organization and, generally, when an application is withdrawn, the user fee paid will not be refunded. Online 1040ez Requests for withholding of information from the public. Online 1040ez The law requires many exempt organizations and private foundations to make their application forms and annual information returns available for public inspection. Online 1040ez The law also requires the IRS to make available for public inspection, in accordance with section 6104 and the related regulations, your approved application for recognition of exemption (including any papers submitted in support of the application) and the ruling or determination letter (discussed later, under Rulings and Determination Letters . Online 1040ez ) Any information submitted in the application or in support of it that relates to any trade secret, patent, process, style of work, or apparatus, upon request, can be withheld from public inspection if the IRS determines that the disclosure of such information would adversely affect the organization. Online 1040ez Your request must: Identify the material to be withheld (the document, page, paragraph, and line) by clearly marking it “Not Subject To Public Inspection. Online 1040ez ” Include the reasons for your organization's position that the information is of the type that can be withheld from public inspection. Online 1040ez Be filed with the office where your organization files the documents in which the material to be withheld is contained. Online 1040ez Where to file. Online 1040ez Send your application for exempt status and Form 8718, (if required) to: Internal Revenue Service PO Box 12192 Covington, KY 41012-0192 Your application will be considered by EO Determinations, who will either issue a favorable determination letter to your organization, issue an adverse determination letter denying the exempt status claimed in the application, or refer the case to the Exempt Organizations Technical Office (EO Technical). Online 1040ez Form 8940, Request for Miscellaneous Determination. Online 1040ez You can request miscellaneous determinations under sections 507, 509(a), 4940, 4942, 4945, and 6033 with Form 8940. Online 1040ez Nonexempt charitable trusts also file Form 8940 for an initial determination of section 509(a)(3) status or change to their type. Online 1040ez See Form 8940 and instructions for more information. Online 1040ez Requests other than applications. Online 1040ez Requests other than applications for recognition of exemption or Form 8940 (for example, requests for rulings involving feeder organizations, application of excise taxes to activities of private foundations, taxation of unrelated business income, etc. Online 1040ez ) should be sent to: Internal Revenue Service Attention: EO Letter Rulings PO Box 27720 McPherson Station Washington, DC 20038 These requests, similar to applications for recognition of exemption previously discussed, must be accompanied by the appropriate user fee. Online 1040ez The schedule for user fees, including those for requests other than applications, can be found in Revenue Procedure 2013-8, 2013-1 I. Online 1040ez R. Online 1040ez B. Online 1040ez 237. Online 1040ez Referral to EO Technical. Online 1040ez EO Determinations will refer to EO Technical any exempt organization issue concerning qualification for exemption or foundation status for which there is no published precedent or for which there is reason to believe that nonuniformity exists. Online 1040ez EO Determinations can request technical advice on any technical or procedural question that cannot be resolved on the basis of law, regulations, or a clearly applicable revenue ruling or other published precedent. Online 1040ez An organization can request that an issue be referred to EO Technical for technical advice if it feels that a lack of uniformity exists as to the disposition of the issue or if an issue is so unusual or complex as to warrant consideration by EO Technical. Online 1040ez If a determination letter is issued based on technical advice from EO Technical regarding qualification for exemption or foundation status, no further administrative appeal is available on the issue that was the subject of technical advice. Online 1040ez Reminder. Online 1040ez The law requires payment of a user fee for determination letter requests. Online 1040ez Go to IRS. Online 1040ez gov/Charities and select Current User Fees-Exempt Organizations to find the required payment. Online 1040ez Payment must accompany each request. Online 1040ez Rulings and Determination Letters Elimination of the advance public charity status. Online 1040ez New regulations eliminate the advance ruling process for a section 501(c)(3) organization. Online 1040ez Under the new regulations, a new section 501(c)(3) organization will be classified as a publicly supported organization and not a private foundation if it can show when it applies for tax-exempt status that it reasonably can be expected to be publicly supported. Online 1040ez The new rules no longer require the organization to file Form 8734, Support Schedule for Advance Ruling Period, after completing its first 5 tax years. Online 1040ez See Elimination of the Advance Ruling Process . Online 1040ez An organization must describe fully the activities in which it expects to engage. Online 1040ez This includes standards, procedures, or other means adopted or planned by the organization for carrying out its activities, expected sources of funds, and the nature of its contemplated expenses. Online 1040ez When an organization does not supply the information previously mentioned under Application Procedures , or fails to furnish a sufficiently detailed description of its proposed activities to permit a conclusion that it will clearly be exempt, a proposed adverse determination letter or ruling may be issued. Online 1040ez Adverse determination. Online 1040ez A proposed adverse ruling or determination letter will be issued to an organization that has not provided sufficiently detailed information to establish that it qualifies for exemption or if the information provided establishes that it does not qualify for exemption. Online 1040ez An organization can appeal a proposed adverse ruling or determination letter. Online 1040ez See Appeal Procedures , later. Online 1040ez Effective Date of Exemption A ruling or determination letter recognizing exemption is usually effective as of the date of formation of an organization if, during the period before the date of the ruling or determination letter, its purposes and activities were those required by the law. Online 1040ez (See Application for Recognition of Exemption in chapter 3 for the special rule for organizations applying for recognition of exemption under section 501(c)(3). Online 1040ez ) Upon obtaining recognition of exemption, the organization can file a claim for a refund of income taxes paid for the period for which its exempt status is recognized. Online 1040ez If an organization is required to alter its activities or substantially amend its charter to qualify, the ruling or determination letter recognizing exemption will be effective as of the date specified in the letter. Online 1040ez If a nonsubstantive amendment is made, such as correction of a clerical error in the enabling instrument or the addition of a dissolution clause, exemption will ordinarily be recognized as of the date of formation if the activities of the organization before the ruling or determination are consistent with the exemption requirements. Online 1040ez A ruling or determination letter recognizing exemption cannot be relied on if there is a material change, inconsistent with exemption, in the character, the purpose, or the method of operation of the organization. Online 1040ez Also, a ruling or determination letter cannot be relied on if it is based on any inaccurate material factual representations. Online 1040ez Revocation or Modification of Exemption A ruling or determination letter recognizing exemption may be revoked or modified by: A notice to the organization to which the ruling or determination letter originally was issued, Enactment of legislation or ratification of a tax treaty, A decision of the United States Supreme Court, Issuance of temporary or final regulations, or Issuance of a revenue ruling, a revenue procedure, or other statement published in the Internal Revenue Bulletin or Cumulative Bulletin. Online 1040ez When revocation takes effect. Online 1040ez If the organization omitted or misstated a material fact, operated in a manner materially different from that originally represented, or, with regard to organizations to which section 503 applies, engaged in a prohibited transaction (such as diverting corpus or income from its exempt purpose), the revocation or modification may be retroactive. Online 1040ez Material change in organization. Online 1040ez If there is a material change, inconsistent with exemption, in the character, purpose, or method of operation of the organization, revocation or modification will ordinarily take effect as of the date of that material change. Online 1040ez Relief from retroactivity. Online 1040ez If a ruling or determination letter was issued in error or the IRS changed its position after issuing a letter or ruling, and if section 7805(b) relief is granted, retroactivity of the revocation or modification ordinarily will be limited to a date not earlier than that on which the original ruling or determination letter was modified or revoked. Online 1040ez For more information on requesting section 7805(b) relief, see Revenue Procedure 2013-4, 2013-1 I. Online 1040ez R. Online 1040ez B. Online 1040ez 126, sec. Online 1040ez 13 (or later update). Online 1040ez Foundations. Online 1040ez The determination of the effective date is the same for the revocation or modification of foundation status or operating foundation status unless the effective date is expressly covered by statute or regulations. Online 1040ez Written notice. Online 1040ez If an EO area manager concludes, as a result of examining an information return or considering information from any other source, that a ruling or determination letter should be revoked or modified, the organization will be advised in writing of the proposed action and the reasons for it. Online 1040ez The organization will also be advised of its right to protest the proposed action by requesting Appeals Office consideration. Online 1040ez The appeal procedures are discussed next. Online 1040ez Appeal Procedures If your organization applies for tax-exempt status and EO Determination decides your organization does not qualify, your organization will be advised of its rights to protest the determination by requesting Appeals Office consideration. Online 1040ez This process does not apply to determinations issued by EO Technical. Online 1040ez Your organization must submit a statement of its views fully explaining its reasoning. Online 1040ez The statement must be submitted within 30 days from the date of the adverse determination letter and must state whether it wishes Appeals Office consideration. Online 1040ez Representation. Online 1040ez A principal officer or trustee can represent an organization at any level of appeal within the IRS. Online 1040ez Also, an attorney, certified public accountant, or individual enrolled to practice before the IRS can represent the organization. Online 1040ez If the organization's representative attends a conference without a principal officer or trustee, the representative must file a proper power of attorney or a tax information authorization before receiving or inspecting confidential information. Online 1040ez Form 2848 or Form 8821, Tax Information Authorization, as appropriate (or any other properly written power of attorney or authorization), can be used for this purpose. Online 1040ez These forms can be obtained from the IRS. Online 1040ez For more information, see Publication 947, Practice Before the IRS and Power of Attorney. Online 1040ez Appeals Office Consideration EO Determinations will consider the statement protesting and appealing (hereinafter appealing) the adverse determination and decide if the information affects its determination. Online 1040ez If the appeal does not provide a basis to reconsider its adverse determination, it will forward the appeal and case file to the Appeals Office. Online 1040ez For more information about the role of the Appeals Office, see Publication 892, Exempt Organization Appeal Procedures for Unagreed Issues. Online 1040ez The appeal should include the following information. Online 1040ez The organization's name, address, daytime telephone number, and employer identification number. Online 1040ez A statement that the organization wants to protest the determination. Online 1040ez A copy of the letter showing the determination you disagree with, or the date and symbols on the determination letter. Online 1040ez A statement of facts supporting the organization's position in any contested factual issue. Online 1040ez A statement outlining the law or other authority the organization is relying on. Online 1040ez A statement as to whether a conference at the Appeals Office is desired. Online 1040ez The statement of facts in item 4 must be declared true under penalties of perjury. Online 1040ez This may be done by adding to the protest the following signed declaration: “Under penalties of perjury, I declare that I have examined the statement of facts presented in this protest and in any accompanying schedules and statements and, to the best of my knowledge and belief, it is true, correct, and complete. Online 1040ez ” Signature. Online 1040ez If the organization's representative submits the appeal, a substitute declaration must be included, stating: That the representative prepared the appeal and accompanying documents, and Whether the representative knows personally that the statements of fact contained in the appeal and accompanying documents are true and correct. Online 1040ez Be sure the appeal contains all of the information requested. Online 1040ez Incomplete appeals will be returned for completion. Online 1040ez If a conference is requested, it will be held at the Appeals Office, unless the organization requests that the meeting be held at a field office convenient to both parties. Online 1040ez The Appeals Office, after considering the organization's appeal as well as information presented in any conference held, will notify the organization of its decision and issue an appropriate determination letter. Online 1040ez An adverse decision can be appealed to the courts (discussed later). Online 1040ez The Appeals Office must request technical advice from EO Technical on any exempt organization issue concerning qualification for exemption or foundation status for which there is no published precedent or for which there is reason to believe that nonuniformity exists. Online 1040ez If an organization believes that its case involves such an issue, it should ask the Appeals Office to request technical advice. Online 1040ez Any determination letter issued on the basis of technical advice from EO Technical cannot be appealed to the Appeals Office for those issues that were the subject of the technical advice from EO Technical. Online 1040ez EO Technical Consideration If an application is referred to EO Technical for issuance of a ruling and an adverse ruling is issued, the organization will be informed of the basis for the conclusion, its right to file a protest within 30 days, and its right to have a conference with EO Technical. Online 1040ez Administrative Remedies In the case of an application under section 501(c)(3), all of the following actions, called administrative remedies, must be completed by your organization before an unfavorable ruling or determination letter from the IRS can be appealed to the courts. Online 1040ez The filing of a substantially completed application Form 1023 or group exemption request under section 501(c)(3) (described earlier in this chapter) or the filing of a request for a determination of foundation status (see Private Foundations and Public Charities in chapter 3). Online 1040ez In the case of a late-filed application, requesting relief under Regulations section 301. Online 1040ez 9100 regarding applications for extensions of time for making an election or application for relief from tax (see Application for Recognition of Exemption in chapter 3). Online 1040ez The timely submission of all additional information requested to perfect an exemption application or request for determination of private foundation status. Online 1040ez Exhaustion of all administrative appeals available within the IRS, including protest of an adverse ruling issued by EO Technical in the case of an exemption application. Online 1040ez The actions just described will not be considered completed until the IRS has had a reasonable time to act upon the appeal or protest, as the case may be. Online 1040ez An organization will not be considered to have exhausted its administrative remedies before the earlier of: The completion of the steps just listed and the sending by certified or registered mail of a notice of final determination, or The expiration of the 270-day period in which the IRS has not issued a notice of final determination and the organization has taken, in a timely manner, all reasonable steps to secure a ruling or determination. Online 1040ez 270-day period. Online 1040ez The 270-day period will be considered by the IRS to begin on the date a substantially completed Form 1023 or group exemption request is sent to the IRS. Online 1040ez See Application Procedures , earlier, for information needed to complete Form 1023. Online 1040ez If the application does not contain all of the required items, it will not be further processed and may be returned to the applicant for completion. Online 1040ez The 270-day period, in this event, will not be considered as starting until the date the application is remailed to the IRS with the requested information, or, if a postmark is not evident, on the date the IRS receives a substantially completed application. Online 1040ez Appeal to Courts If the IRS issues an unfavorable determination letter or ruling to your organization and you have exhausted all the administrative remedies just discussed, your organization can seek judicial remedies. Online 1040ez For example, if your organization has paid the tax resulting from the adverse determination and met all other statutory prerequisites, it can file suit for a refund in a U. Online 1040ez S. Online 1040ez District Court or the U. Online 1040ez S. Online 1040ez Court of Federal Claims. Online 1040ez Or, if your organization elected not to pay the tax deficiency resulting from the adverse determination and met all other statutory prerequisites, it can file suit for a redetermination of the tax deficiencies in the United States Tax Court. Online 1040ez For more information on these types of suits, get Publication 556, Examination of Returns, Appeal Rights, and Claims for Refund. Online 1040ez In certain situations, your organization can file suit for a declaratory judgment in the U. Online 1040ez S. Online 1040ez District Court for the District of Columbia, the U. Online 1040ez S. Online 1040ez Court of Federal Claims, or the U. Online 1040ez S. Online 1040ez Tax Court. Online 1040ez This remedy is available if your organization received an adverse notice of final determination, or if the IRS failed to make a timely determination on your initial or continuing qualification or classification as an exempt organization. Online 1040ez However, your exempt status claim must be as: An organization qualifying under section 501(c)(3), An organization to which a deduction for a contribution is allowed under section 170(c)(2), An organization that is a private foundation under section 509(a), A private operating foundation under section 4942(j)(3), or A cooperative organization that is exempt from tax under section 521. Online 1040ez Adverse notice of final determination. Online 1040ez The adverse notice of final determination referred to above is a ruling or determination letter sent by certified or registered mail holding that your organization: Is not described in section 501(c)(3) or section 170(c)(2), Is a private foundation as defined in section 4942(j)(3), or Is a public charity described in a part of section 509(a) or section 170(b)(1)(A) other than the part under which your organization requested classification. Online 1040ez Favorable court rulings - IRS procedure. Online 1040ez If a suit results in a final determination that your organization is exempt from tax, the IRS will issue a favorable ruling or determination letter, provided your organization has filed an application for exemption and submitted a statement that the underlying facts and applicable law are the same as in the period considered by the court. Online 1040ez Group Exemption Letter A group exemption letter is a ruling or determination letter issued to a central organization recognizing on a group basis the exemption under section 501(c) of subordinate organizations on whose behalf the central organization has applied for recognition of exemption. Online 1040ez A central organization is an organization that has one or more subordinates under its general supervision or control. Online 1040ez A subordinate organization is a chapter, local, post, or unit of a central organization. Online 1040ez A central organization may be a subordinate itself, such as a state organization that has subordinate units and is itself affiliated with a national (central) organization. Online 1040ez A subordinate organization may or may not be incorporated, but it must have an organizing document. Online 1040ez A subordinate that is organized and operated in a foreign country cannot be included in a group exemption letter. Online 1040ez A subordinate described in section 501(c)(3) cannot be included in a group exemption letter if it is a private foundation described in section 509(a). Online 1040ez If your organization is a subordinate controlled by a central organization (for example, a church, a veterans' organization, or a fraternal organization), you should check with the central organization to see if it has been issued a group exemption letter that covers your organization. Online 1040ez If it has, you do not have to file a separate application unless your organization no longer wants to be included in the group exemption letter. Online 1040ez If the group exemption letter does not cover your organization, ask your central organization about being included in the next annual group ruling update that it submits to the IRS. Online 1040ez Central Organization Application Procedure If your organization is a central organization with affiliated subordinates under its control, it can apply for a group exemption letter for its subordinates, provided it has obtained recognition of its own exemption before or concurrently with the group exemption. Online 1040ez You should make the application for such subordinates by letter instead of submitting either Form 1023 or 1024. Online 1040ez This procedure relieves each of the subordinates covered by a group exemption letter from filing its own application. Online 1040ez A central organization obtains its own recognition of exemption by sending its application to the IRS address shown on Form 8718 or Form 1023. Online 1040ez If the central organization has previously obtained recognition of its own exemption, it must indicate its employer identification number and the date of the letter recognizing its exemption. Online 1040ez It need not forward documents already submitted. Online 1040ez However, if it has not already done so, the central organization must submit a copy of any amendment to its governing instruments or internal regulations as well as any information about changes in its character, purposes, or method of operation. Online 1040ez Employer identification number. Online 1040ez The central organization must have an EIN before it submits a completed exemption or group exemption application. Online 1040ez Each subordinate must have its own EIN, even if it has no employees. Online 1040ez When submitting its group exemption application, the central organization must provide an EIN for each subordinate organization. Online 1040ez Information required for subordinate organizations. Online 1040ez In addition to the information required to obtain recognition of its own exemption, the central organization must submit information for those subordinates to be included in the group exemption letter. Online 1040ez The information should be forwarded in a letter signed by a principal officer of the central organization setting forth or including as attachments the following. Online 1040ez Information verifying that the subordinates: Are affiliated with the central organization at the close of its annual accounting period; Are subject to its general supervision or control; Are all eligible to qualify for exemption under the same paragraph of section 501(c), though not necessarily the paragraph under which the central organization itself is exempt; Are not private foundations if the application for a group exemption letter involves section 501(c)(3); Are all on the same accounting period as the central organization if they are to be included in group returns; and Are organizations that have been formed within the 15-month period preceding the date of submission of the group exemption application if they are claiming section 501(c)(3) status and are subject to the requirements of section 508(a) and wish to be recognized as exempt from their dates of creation (a group exemption letter may be issued covering subordinates, one or more of which have not been organized within the 15-month period preceding the date of submission, if all subordinates are willing to be recognized as exempt only from the date of application). Online 1040ez A detailed description of the purposes and activities of the subordinates, including the sources of receipts and the nature of expenditures. Online 1040ez A sample copy of a uniform governing instrument (such as a charter or articles of association) adopted by the subordinates, or, in its absence, copies of representative instruments. Online 1040ez An affirmation to the effect that, to the best of the officer's knowledge, the purposes and activities of the subordinates are as stated in (2) and (3), above. Online 1040ez A statement that each of the subordinates has provided a written authorization to the central organization, signed by an authorized officer of the subordinate, agreeing to be included in the group exemption (see also New 501(c)(3) organizations that want to be included , later in this section). Online 1040ez A list of subordinates to be included in the group exemption letter to which the IRS has issued an outstanding ruling or determination letter relating to exemption. Online 1040ez If the application for a group exemption letter involves section 501(c)(3) and is subject to the provisions of the Code requiring that it give timely notice that it is not a private foundation (see Private Foundations in chapter 3), an affirmation to the effect that, to the best of the officer's knowledge and belief, no subordinate to be included in the group exemption letter is a private foundation as defined in section 509(a). Online 1040ez For each subordinate that is a school claiming exemption under section 501(c)(3), the information required by Revenue Ruling 71-447, 1971-2 C. Online 1040ez B. Online 1040ez 230 and Revenue Procedure 75-50, 1975-2 C. Online 1040ez B. Online 1040ez 587 (these requirements are fully described in chapter 3, under Private Schools ; see also Schedule B, Form 1023). Online 1040ez For any school affiliated with a church, the information to show that the provisions of Revenue Ruling 75-231, 1975-1 C. Online 1040ez B. Online 1040ez 158, have been met. Online 1040ez A list of the names, mailing addresses, actual addresses if different, and EINs of subordinates to be included in the group exemption letter. Online 1040ez A current directory of subordinates may be furnished instead of the list if it includes the required information and if the subordinates not to be included in the group exemption letter are identified. Online 1040ez New 501(c)(3) organizations that want to be included. Online 1040ez A new organization, described in section 501(c)(3), that wants to be included in a group exemption letter must submit its authorization (as explained in item number 5, earlier, under Information required for subordinate organizations ) to the central organization before the end of the 15th month after it was formed in order to satisfy the requirement of section 508(a). Online 1040ez The central organization must also include this subordinate in its next annual submission of information, as discussed later, under Information Required Annually . Online 1040ez Keeping the Group Exemption Letter in Force Continued effectiveness of a group exemption letter is based on the following conditions. Online 1040ez The continued existence of the central organization. Online 1040ez The continued qualification of the central organization for exemption under section 501(c). Online 1040ez The submission by the central organization of the information regarding its subordinate organizations that is required annually (described under Information Required Annually). Online 1040ez The annual filing of an information return (Form 990, for example) by the central organization if required. Online 1040ez The continued effectiveness of a group exemption letter as to a particular subordinate is based on these four conditions, as well as on the continued conformity by the subordinate to the requirements for inclusion in a group exemption letter, the authorization for inclusion, and the annual filing of any required information return for the subordinate. Online 1040ez Information Required Annually To maintain a group exemption letter, the central organization must submit annually, at least 90 days before the close of its annual accounting period, all of the following information. Online 1040ez Information about all changes in the purposes, character, or method of operation of the subordinates included in the group exemption letter. Online 1040ez A separate list (that includes the names, mailing addresses, actual addresses if different, and EINs of the affected subordinates) for each of the three following categories. Online 1040ez Subordinates that have changed their names or addresses during the year. Online 1040ez Subordinates no longer to be included in the group exemption letter because they no longer exist or have disaffiliated from or withdrawn their authorization to the central organization. Online 1040ez Subordinates to be added to the group exemption letter because they are newly organized or affiliated or because they have recently authorized the central organization to include them. Online 1040ez An annotated directory of subordinates will not be accepted for this purpose. Online 1040ez If there were none of the above changes, the central organization must submit a statement to that effect. Online 1040ez The same information about new subordinates that was required in the initial application for group exemption. Online 1040ez (This information is listed in items 1 through 10, under Information required for subordinate organizations. Online 1040ez , earlier. Online 1040ez ) If a new subordinate does not differ in any material respects from the subordinates included in the application for group exemption, however, a statement to this effect may be submitted in lieu of detailed information. Online 1040ez The organization should send this information to: Ogden Service Center Mail Stop 6271 Ogden, UT 84404-4749 Submitting the required information annually does not relieve the central organization or any of its subordinates of the duty to submit any other information that may be required by an EO area manager to determine whether the conditions for continued exemption are being met. Online 1040ez Events Causing Loss of Group Exemption A group exemption letter no longer has effect, for either a particular subordinate or the group as a whole, when: The central organization notifies the IRS that it is going out of existence, The central organization notifies the IRS, by its annual submission or otherwise, that any of its subordinates will no longer fulfill the conditions for continued effectiveness, explained earlier, or The IRS notifies the central organization or the affected subordinate that the group exemption letter will no longer have effect for some or all of the group because the conditions for continued effectiveness of a group exemption letter have not been fulfilled. Online 1040ez When notice is given under any of these three conditions, the IRS will no longer recognize the exempt status of the affected subordinates until they file separate applications on their own behalf or the central organization files complete supporting information for their reinclusion in the group exemption at the time of its annual submission. Online 1040ez However, when the notice is given by the IRS and the withdrawal of recognition is based on the failure of the organization to comply with the requirements for recognition of tax-exempt status under the particular subsection of section 501(c), the revocation will ordinarily take effect as of the date of that failure. Online 1040ez The notice, however, will be given only after the appeal procedures described earlier in this chapter are completed. Online 1040ez Prev Up Next Home More Online Publications